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July 02, 1933 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1933-07-02

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Physicians Report On Income
Of State Families, Amount Of
Money They Expend tni Iealth
Editor's Note: Tihis is the second of a series of articles con-
cerning the suvey made by a committee of the -Michigan State
Medical Society of the medical services and-health agencic3 in the
state with particular reference t:, the economics underlying .them.
The committee conducting the survey is composed of Dr. W. H.
Marshall, Flint; Dr. L. G. Christian, Lansing;:Dr. Bert U. :Est~a-
brook, Detroit; Dr. C. S. Gorsline, Battle- Creek; Dr. F. A. Baker,
Pontiac; and Dr. F. C. Warnshuls, Grand Raxids. The director of
the study is Dr. Nathan Sinai, Professor of Public Health at the
Uniyersity of Michigan. These articles have been prepared -by
Professor Wesley 11. Matrer of the departnent of journalism at
the University.
After the average person in the State of Michigan has paid ,for food,
clothing, housing, and other necessities of living, what, if anything, is left
of his income to pay for medical care and the comforts of life? What other
items compete for this surplus?

Film Star And Bride To 4o On Gold Hunt

All-City Tennis,
Tourney Draws
Many Entries
Entrics for the annual All-City
tennis tournament, which will start
Friday, July 7, are coming in rapidly
it was announced yesterday by
George J. Moe, who is in charge of
the event.
The closing date for entries is
Wednesday, July 5, and all those who
plan to participate in the contest
are urged to get their names in as'
soon as possible, Mr. Moe stated.
Competition will be held in men's
singles and doubles, women's singles,
mixed doubles, junior singles, and
possibly younger boys' singles. No
charge is to be made for entry in
any of the events of the tournament.
Final events -will be run off on
Saturday, July 22, according to the
original plans, and no play will be
allowed after that date. A time limit
will likewise be set for each of the
qualifying rounds of the tournament
and play must take place before the
expiration of the time allowed.
Prizes will be offered by Moe's
Sport Shops, sponsors of the tourna-
ment, which -will include -first-class
rackets..and tennis equipment, Mr.
Moe stated yesterday. The tourna-
ment is open to all students and
Nitchols has filed suit for $50,000
against a store, alleging a shaving
brush it sold him infected his nose
and made it swell to twice its normal
size. He said it was "a great humilia-
ion to carry around an infected
pose," and added "no one can feel
frank and free with his family and [
friends under such conditions."
t . L -


U. OfM.Wi
Havex Good
Track S(
(Conuni;1ued from Page
high jump; Al Bluienfp
Bob Gilliland, discuss: and
itchek, javelin. When the
has ,been completed it will
that -Hoyt has a lot of p
for points.
Indiana is figured as the
next year, inasmuch as it
most of the firsts it had
son, plus some reserve stre
next to the Hoosiers it app
Michigan again must be
call. Due consideration
given to the fact that so:
group may not be able to
school in the fall or that t
astic hurdles, may be too -
stacle. But, discounting tl
aibilitics, Micligan prospe
strong team--not a title. te
-Indiana can again. trot out
bostel and Fuqua and ol
just the same a heavy v

The answerato those questions as
discovered in a, fact-finding study of
a committee of the Michigan State
Medical Society, the report of which
has just been completed and will
be presented to the society in its
annual session July 12 at Lansing, is,
in. general, that there is very little
left as far as the income of the ma-
jority of persons .is concerned, and
that there is keen competition, aug-
mented by high pressure salesman-
ship and advertising, for ;the small
surplus that remains.
Public Income Needed
These facts are basic to the study
made by the committee. Obviously,
the economic welfare of physicians
depends upon the economic welfare
S of the population: generally. If -phy-
sicians. wish to maintain priivate
practice, they must first have the
prospect of a reasonable income. If
people. do not have adequate income,
or if questionable tactics are used to
hinder the wise expenditure of fam-
ily income, they will not be able to,
pAy for. competent medical care. This'
means, in addition to a gradual im-
poverishing of physicians, that a
good deal of the medical facilities
and medical talent will remain ac-
tually unused, reflecting an ineffi-
ciency.with regard to services which
relate to the health, comfort, happi-
ness, and span of life of individuals.'
The study of incomes of Michigan,
the first of its kind for this state,"
was made with the assistance of
Professor Morris Copeland and:Wil-
lam Hoad of the Department of
Economics at the University. Thus
the findings, carefully tabulated and
qualified, have upon them the stamp'
of economic authority.
Calculate Income Surplus
In a conservative estimate of living
costs, which, the committee states,
is based on "that level of.living be-
low which welfare relief should be
forthcoming," it was found that the
average excess of income over bare
necessity costs of living amounts to
$357 for farm families,.$661 for non-
farm families, and $332 for indi-
viduals without families. "The items
included among the costs," the re-
port explains, "do not represent all
the things that a family must have
in order to prevent physical, mental,
or moral deterioration over a period
of years. No allowance is included
for medical services, for insurance,
for contingencies such as loss of a
job and delay in finding a new one,
or for the cost of moving, for street
car or bus fare, or automobile, for
any entertainment, pleasure, or toys
which involve money outlay."
"In addition," the report continues,;
"there are many comforts and pleas-
ures of life, such as telephones, to-
bacco and sweets, movies or other
entertainments, and automobiles up-
on which a substantial amount of,
mony actually is spent.each year by;
people in the lower income bracket,
... A great many people whose in-
comes are not sufficient to cover both
necessities and moderate comforts
will slight the necessities in favor of.
some of the comforts."1


" ;

About 12.3 per cent of the pop-'
ulation in Wayne County re-
ceived 41.7 per cent of the 1929
income of the county, a survey of
incomes in the state of Michigan
made for the Michigan State.
Medical Society reveals. Other
significant statemnts made in the
survey, discussed in the accom-
panying article, show:
That 8 per cent of , the .popula-.
tion in Michigan received 35 per
cent of the total 1929 state in-"
come; 92 per cent of the popula-
tion received 65 per cent of the
That the average excess of in-
cop ~e, over bare. necessity costs of
living for -families in Michigan,
excluding medical costs, amounts
to $357 for farm families,-$661 for
non-farm families; and $332 for
individuals without families.
These figures, however, include
the great number of very poor
families who have little or nothing
left with which to buy adequate
medical services. The survey
committee concludes that a great
many families have an inadequate
income to pay for medical care,
especially in view of the fact that
there is keen competition for the
small average surplus , which re-
"If the study (of the committee)
had gone no farther," states the
accompanying article, "it would be
evident to any careful reader that
some change is imperative in the
process of buying and selling . . .
medical services and care. But
the study reveals even more sig-
nificant factors which . . . will un-
doubtedly lay the basis for -
changes which should be mutual-
ly beneficial to consumer and
physician alike and protect both
from encroachment of outside
commercial . interests which cquld
not possibly have 'their welfare

Mrs., Vincent Coll, whose slain
gangster husband was acquitted
of the Harlem -baby killing, was
held in New York on $35,000 bail
on a charge of possessing a re-


Alexander.P.Gray, jr., 38, stage and screen actor, and his bride,
the former Peggy Jane McCray, 19-year-old oil heiress of Tulsa,
Okla., who were married at Crown Point, Ind., recently, are going
prospecting for gold in Canada on their:honeymoon. They are pic-
tured in the home off Gray's parents in Philadelphia.

Farmers who want to keep the
pheasant on 'their. farms are ad-
vised by the University of Michigan
to attach a device . on the front of
their mowing machines to scare the
,birds away from the sickle.

'If you

present certain impressive as well as
h tepressing facts of -family income.
To the extent that families of more
than average size exist, .,and to the
extent -that individuals with no de-
pendents are included, the estimates
are overly sanguine, the committee
-explains, citing result: of studies of
sizes of families in New Haven,
Rochester, and Chicago -in which it
was found that -about two-thirds of
the families are either average size'
or below. Five or more members, it
was found, .-make up the remaining
third of the families studied.
Incomes Decreased
The report further -points out that
the. changes in income between 1929
and. 1931.have not painted the. pic-
ture any more attractively. The av-
erage income, it is estimated, of the
family in the state as .a-whole de-
clined in that period 38 per cent
from the average .for 1929. At the
same time the included costs -of liv-
ing -declined only 27 per cent. Among
the non-farm families in the state,
the income for 1931 shows an aver-
age deduction of 46 per cent while
the included costs of living decreased
17 per cent.
If the study had gone no further
than this, it would be evident to any
careful reader of the report that
some change is imperative in the
process of buying and selling, to put'
it realistically, medical services and
care. But the study reveals even
more significant factors which, if-
carefully studied by medical consum-
ers and practicing physicians, will
undoubtedly lay the basis for
changes which should be mutually
beneilcial to to consumer and phy-
-sician alike and protect both from
the encroachment -of outside com-
mercial interests which could not
possibly have their welfare para-
mount. The results of -the study into
the costs of medical care and :the
distribution of physicians in the
state and their incomes will be dis-
cussed in the following articles of
this series.
(The .remaining seven articles in
this series will-be printed in succeed-
ing issues of The Daily.)

(Continued from Page 2),
All Campus Golf: All students in-
terested in.-participating -in an all"
campus golf tournament should turn
in qualifying score at the Club'
House, University Golf Course bye
July .10.
Wesley Hall: Student Guild at 6
p. i. Dr. T.. P. Sinha will speak op
"The Religious Import of the League.
of Nations." Fellowship hour at "7
p. m. Sunday. Class for Summer
Session Students at 9:30 a. m.-
. First Methodist Church: Dr. Fish-
er will preach at 10:45 a..m. on "The
Deep Drives of One's Nature."
To All Members of the University
Staff: Any items of. -interest that
you wish publicized in the news col-
umns of The Michigan Daily may
be delivered or telephoned to The
Daily office. The telephone number
is 4925. tdward H. Kraus
Dean Of The Summer Session
Mr. Walton E. Nl Will speak Sun-
day morning in the Unitarian Church
on the subject: America's Debt to
Thomas Paine. Mr. Edward B.
Greene of the Psychology depart-
ment will speak, to the Liberal Stu-
dents Union Sunday evening at 7:30.
Dr. F. Twyman, of London, will de-
liver a lecture. on "The Construction
and Uses of Reflection Echelon" at
2 p. i., Monday, in Room i1041, East
Physics -Building. He will also lec
ture at 4:30.in Room 319 West Medi-
cal Bldg., on "Various Instruments
of Interest to Medical Men Including
a Blood Count Apparatus and a New
'Type -Nephelonmeter."
;O. S. Duffendack
Baptist Students: A cordial invi-
tation to the Student Class, meeting
at 9:45 .a. im. at the Guild.House, 503
E. Huron street, and to the Discus-
sion Group, meeting at 6:00 p. in.-
Morning Worship 10:45, at Church
512.E. Huron street.


Formic acid is left in
bee sting and enough
body circulation.

the skin by a
of it checks


ou imshop ,
o ertor. a mo
. . M9'0

C ;,4


Safe, Sound, Easy Paddlitg OLD TOWN CANOES FOR RENT
Huron River at Foot of Cedar St.Phone 9313


l J/'

permit of other than the most ele-
mentary social necessities."
-Distribution Unequal
With regard to income and its dis-
tribution, the study discloses that
eight per cent of the population re-
ceived 35 per cent of the total state'
income. Their share of the total in-
come of $3,140,000,000 was in 1929,
1,107,000,000. This left for 92 per
cent of the population only 65 per
cent of the income. This 92 per cent,
it is explained, included in the lower
income group, cover both the poorest
inhabitant and those who are next
in size of income to the richest eight
per cent.
The study was carried a step fur-
ther in view of the probable inequal-
ity of income concealed by the use,
of averages by a more detailed an-
alysis of incomes in Wayne County.
Of the $1,678,000,000, approximate
income of Wayne .County in 1929,
12.3 per cent of- the population out-
side of tax-supported institutions,
representing those who fild -income
tax returns, received 41.7 per cent of
the income. -The remainder of 87.7.
per cent of the population, supported
by incomes below the:Federalincome
tax limits, received about $978-,000,-
000. It is estimated that 4/4 per
cent of the population in Wayne
County, comprising about 80,000 per-
sons, receive less than $300; 11%V
per cent, or 216,000, receive less than
$350; 171/4 per cent, or 324,000 re-"
ceive less than $400; 25% per cent,
or about 479,000, receive less than
$450; and 45 per cent, or 658,000, re-
ceive less than $500.
On a per family basis, it is esti-
mated that 5% /:per cent of the popu-
lation, comprising 24,000 families, re-
ceive an income per family of 4.17
of $1,200; 8 per cent of the popula-
tion, 36,000 families, receive per fam-
ily $1,300; 31 per cent, 140,000 fam-
ilies, receive per family $2,000.
These figures, the report states,



Will Be On Sale


Arbor Churches
Open During Session
(Continued from Page 1)


Logical Spending Difficult
The committee- explains .that the
study of expenditures assumes that
families will live under a budget sys-
tem and that the expenditures are
based upon full knowledge of costs
and family needs. Actually, the re-
port asserts, "such conditions are
comparatively rare, and for this it is
unfair to place the entire blame
upon the family ... It will be readily
recognized that the modern methods
of advertising and employer-man-
agement make logical spending al-
most impossible for the average
family. The buyer has little resist-
ance against the almost constant im-
pact of psychological urgings. The
methods of the medicine show have
been adapted to the national scale.
Against lies and half-truths which
are not made less so by printer's ink
and kilocycles the buyer today needs
the armament of at least the phy-
sician, the engineer, the chemist and
the physicist. Such a need as medi-
cal care cannot hope to compete with
commerce, and by the methods of
commerce, for the consumer's dollar.
Other ways more appropriate, dig-
nified, and honest must be found."
In a study made for Henry Ford
by the United States Department of
Labor, cited by the committee, it is
shown that the average family of
one bread-winner, his mate, and two



Holy Communion will also be offered
at 8 a. m., as is customary on the
first Sunday of the month, Rev.
Lewis stated yesterday.
At 6.p.. m. at.Wesley Hall, the Stu-
dent Guild will join in a discussion
of "The Religious Significance of The
League of Nations," the leader be-
ing Dr. Tarini Prasad Sinha, from
Benares, India. Coming recently to
the University from work with the
Secretariat; at Geneva, Dr. Sinha
brings specific data sand fresh im-
pressions of the international work
of the various commissions.
At 9:30 a. m. at Wesley Hall, the
Bible Class will consider the "Mo-
(Machine Shorthand)
State & William Sts.

Southern Club: There will be a
meeting of the- Southern Club on the
steps of Angell.Hall at '7:30 p. m.
Wednesday, July 6. After the Busi-
ness -,meeting there will be a water-
melon cutting. There will be a couple
of short talks by distinguished fac-
ulty , members. Every southerner
urged to come. D. L. Smith, President
tives and the Social Significance of
The Early Christian Leadership."
All students of the Summer Ses-
sion are invited to these various re-
ligious exercises or to personal con-
ference with the ministres of the
city or the campus, it was announced -
by Dr. Chapman, head-of the Cam-
pus Council of Religion.
h I.

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Noirs, Ioq Jrs'ses 0k114, ttio'
~iu.ves. wod a oonw 41'resses


Quality Cosmetic for Every -r





NOW ON HAND - A New Supply of the


", 4, (re ' gpd hO 0u
hers fAll qinlejper , il the sums

mnei f aculty.

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