3 ly 'nummgr
MEMBER OF THE
VOL. XI, NO. 19.
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 22, 1931
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Nation Unable to Make
Country May Increase
Arms If Germany Is
PARIS, July 21.-(P)-French
armaments have been reduced to
' he lowest possible point, the gov-
ernment declared in a memoran-
dum on disarmament issued today
in answer to the request of the,
League of Nations council for infor-
mation priliminary to the 1932
world disarmament conference at
Aramaments at Low Limit
In the memorandum, France
takes the position that disarma-
ment is a political rather than a
technical question. The country,
it said, has reached the low limit
in disarming in the present state
of Europe and the world, and it re-
lists any suggestion that disarma-
meit can beubased either on popu-
lation alone or. in relation to the,
strictly limited armament imposed
upon the central powers at the end'
of the World war.
The declaration was considered.
here to indicate that France would
consider it necessary to make in-
creases in case any action were
taken relieving Germany of the
limitations imposed by the Versail-
Want Securtiy Assured.
To assure the security which
France continues to insist is the
only basis far disarmament, the
government considers that it is nec-
essary first to develop a system of
mutual guaranteees, such as the
Rhine guarantees signed in con-
nection with the Locarno pact. It
also suggests a second agreement,
by which the signatory powers
would undertake to use their armed
forces against an agressor, the
agrissor to be designated by the
League of Nations.
The memorandum adds that
F ance has reduced her forces to
the present level only because she
obtained the Locarno guarantee.
GETS IRST RECESS
Adjourn Hearings Temporarily
to Give Opposition Chance
to Prepare Material
WASHINGTON, uly 21.-(IP-
The first pause in the hearings on
the plea of the railroads for in-
creased freight rates came today,
with an adjournment designed to
enable the opposition to prepare
The recess was announced by the
Interstate Commerce commission
after attorneys had spent most of
the day arguing whether the hear-
ings should continue uninterrupted
or be adjourned until August 31 as
was the original plan.
Commissioner Meyer, presiding,
said he and his colleagues would
take under advisement a motion of
the roads to resume testimony be-
fore that date.
- During the day there came from
Chairman Brainerd a declaration
that the commission would proceed
to its discussion on petitions for a
fifteen per cent increase undisturb-
ed by outside influences.
Writing to Senator Capper, re-
publican, Kansas, the chairman
said the commission would not be
stampeded into guaranteeing the in-
crease but "would continue as it
has in the past to render its deci-
sion based upon the record made,
undisturbed by all the winds that
Healthy signs of a new interest;
in education and steps toward the
correction of obvious faults which
have grown up in our educational
system were noted yesterday by Dr.
Clarence S. Yoakum, vice president
of the University, in an address be-.
fcre the graduate conference in;
"Progressive practices in colleges
may be grouped under three gen-
eral heads," Dr. Yoakum said: "the
trend toward the restatement of the
purposes of a general education;
individualization of instruction to
100 Students to Visit
Ford Airport, Village
More than 100 students will take
the sixth Summer Session excur-'
sion today, visiting the Ford air-
port and Henry Ford's Greenfield
village. Features of the trip will be
an inspection of the Byrd Anarctic
plane at the airport and a visit to
Thomas A. Edison's original Menlo
Park laboratory, now located in
Because of the large number ap-
plying for reservations for today's
tour, the excursion will be repeated
next week, Carlton F. Wells, secre-
tary of the Session and director of
the tour, said yesterday.
Proposed in Mexico
MEXICO CITY, July 21.-(A')-A
proposal that gambling be allowed
in all Mexico-especially along the
border-was submitted today to
President Ortiz Rubio by Senator
Rodolfo T. Loaiza.-
The president turned the sugges-
tion over to the department of in-
terior for study. Senator Loaizaj
'proposed that a commission be ap-
pointed to regulate gambling places
and that heavy taxes be imposed.
Ann Arbor Will Hold
?argain Day Thursday,
Plans for Ann Arbor's bargain day9
tomorrow are going forward rapid-
ly, it was announced yesterday.;
Nearly 100 merchants will co-oper-1
ate in the event.l
The bargain day is being adver-,
suit the needs of varying personali-
ties; and a critical examination of
the effects of teaching."
"There are still a large body of
educators who believe that a liber-
al education is an important and
essential foundation for all profes-
sional types of work," he said, in
discussing the first trend.
Continuing further Dr. Yoakum
pointed out that there are numer-
ous varieties of techniques proposed
to individualize the educational
process. Chicago, Rollins and Har-
vard were among the institutions
he mentioned working along this
"The third trend is in the in-
creased number of investigators
who are undertaking to examine
critically the effects of teaching.
The different methods of present-
ing material have been studied and
the tentative conclusions proposed
have aroused a large amount of
discussion, particularly respecting
the validity of the results. Never-
theless the few studies that have
been projected have stirred the col-
lege teacher to a consciousness of
methods that he uses and to an ef-
fort to appraise the results in his
own teaching process," he said.
Wisconsin Geographer Describes
Three Landscapes Varieties
of New England.
"Abundance of precipitation and
the length and stability of the oc-
cupation of the land for more than
300 years are the two main reasons
for the beauty of the natural and
man made landscape in New Eng-
land," said Prof. Vernor G. Finch,
of the department of geography at
the University of Wisconsin, in an
illustrated lecture here yesterday.
Geographically, New England has
three main types of landscapes,
Professor Finch explained, those of
industrially developed regions, of
the agricultural, and of the pastur-
al types. In the industrial regions
there are miles and miles of textile
looms, of cotton mills. There are
brass and bronze industries, paper,
YOAKUM SEES INDICATIONS OF NEW
INTEREST IN EDUCATION METHODS
TO OPEN MAR! VAUX'
Miss Todd, H. T. CoxWill Enact
Leading Roles in French
MERCIER MOUNTS PLAY
Eight Months of Work Required
to Perfect Business;'
As their third costume drama,
and fourth presentation of the
summer season, the Repertory play-
ers will open "Love and Chance"
by Marivaux at 8:15 o'clock tonight
in the Lydia Mendelssohn theatre.
The cast was announced last night
by Jean Mercier, guest director.
The character Sylvia will be en-
acted by Mildred Todd, who is well-
known for her work in campus
plays and was last seen in "Paris
Bound." H. Theodore Cox will play
opposite her as Dorante.
Freed Has Part.
The remaining players are: Ed-
ward Freed as M. Orgon; Kathryn
Kratz, Lizette; John C. Lee Doll,
Mario; Charles McGraw, a servant;
and J. Richard Purser as Harlequin.
The play is in three acts.
According to a statement by the
Play production department, "Love
and Chance" was first given in 1730
by the players attached to the
household of Louis XV of France.
The presentation here will mark
the second time it has been given
in English, M. Mercier having pro-
duced it once before at the Cornish
Drama school, in Seattle, of which
he is director.
Uses Stage Within Stage.
M. Mercier has spent eight
months in working out the stage
business for the production, in or-
der to attain the proper movement
for high French comedy. The most
unusual feature of the play's
mounting will be the use of a "stage
wthin a stage" for the imaginery se-
quences while the realistic action is
taking place in front. This manner
of using the device was developed
by M. Mercier.
In Europe, M. Mercier studied un-
der a number of noted directors,
and was a staff member of the The-
atre du Vieux Columbier in Paris.
From Ann Arbor, he will return to
the continent to present German'
and Italian versions of "Love and
Cable Ship Vanishes
With Skeleton Crew
SANTIAGO, Chile, July 21.--(P)--
The west coast of South America
was puzzled today over a mystery-
the whereabouts of the cableship
Seemingly the boat, maintained
by the West Coast Telegraph Co.,
had disappeared with a skeleton
crew after leaving Coquimbo Sun-
day night to search for a cable
break between LaSerena and Val-
Either she was under the waves
or safe in some port, shipping men
thought, for her work should have
been completed yesterday after-
Noted young French director and
head of the Cornish School of
Drama, whose production of Mari-
vaux's "Love and Chance" will open
tonight at the Lydia Mendelssohn
Drillers Conquer Blazing Well
With Steam, Water Jets
After Three Days.
MT. PLEASANT, July 21.-(/P)-
Drillers succeeded in extinguishing
the flames at the Struble No. 1"
oil well near here at 10:15 this
morning after the fire had burned
No attempts to approach the well1
were to be made until 3 p.m. to
avoid any possible danger.
Jets of live steam and water were
used to put out the fire. The drill-.
ers decided to wet down the ground
thoroughly before approaching;
The death list from Saturday's
fire held to eight and all but two
of the survivors were granted bet-
ter than even chances for recovery'
by their physicians. Most of them
have been pronounced out of dan-
Thomas Lamb, a driller, and John
Melvin, Midland county farmer,
were reported still in critical con-
ditions. Walter L. McClanahan,
principal promoter of the "Struble'
No. 1," was believed out of danger.
Mrs. McClanahan was among the
Sheriff Day of Midland county
said he was convincedthe fire Sat-
urday was caused by a thoughtless
smoker, but experienced workers
insisted no match was struck and a
lighted cigaret would not have set
ofthe gas. They blamed the back-
fit ing of a truck.
14 in 2 Idaho Towns
SEATTLE, July 21.-(P)-Lewis-
ton, Twin Falls and Boise, Ida.,
today had new heat records to
shoot at, yesterday's baking sun
having sent temperatures to 114,
104.8 and 108 respectively, while a
Washington town, Reparia, reported
Spokane, Lind and Wapto in
Washington sweltered at 106, while
thermometers at Stiles climbed two
degrees higher. Orofino, Ida., re-
Directs French Play
PARLEY ON lOAN
Prophesies Solution to
Conference Faces Huge
Task in Settling
LONDON, July 21.-(GP)-The sev-
en power conference faced a deli-
cate ituation tonight as it worked
anxiously to save Germany from
financial and economic collapse.
The success of the conclave ap-
peared to hang on the outcome of
the plenary session which is sched-
uled to meet at the foreign office
In face of disquieting rumors
Secretary of State Henry L. Stim-
son of the United States continued,
however, to maintain a quiet op-
"The lines of the conference," he
said, "are shaping themselves; the
problems are being clarified, and
there is now a better prospect than
there was of a successful solution."
Secretary Stimson's opinion was
given following the meeting this
morning in which he played a lead-
Reports of new proposals by the
American government for solving
Germany's immediate problems by
stabilizing the present volume of
short-term credits, estimated at
$1,200,000,000, were cabled exten-
sively to London and were the basis
of rising hope that the conference
would be able to announce an early
Every Hour Precious.
Every hour was admitted to be
precious in the race against a pos-
sible calamity in Germany.
The financial ministers, however,
adjourned their six-hour session
this afternoon, issuing only a non-
committal communique to the ef-
fect that the results of the deliber-
ations would be placed before the
plenary session tomorrow.
The nature of these results re-
mained a deep secret, but it was
emphatically stated that the Amer-
ican proposals, which congFerence
circles quickly dubbed "the new
Hoover plan," had not been laid be-
fore the finance ministers.
Plan to Provide Financial Relief
for Reich Is Referred to
WASHINGTON, July 21.-(AP)-A
hopeful attitude that the London
conference of ministers would con-
clude successfully within a few days
its work for economic relief for
Germany was expressed tonight by
a high administrative authority.
Acting Secretary Castle of the
State department made public to-
day the American proposal to pro-
vide financial relief to the Reich.
The plan was first talked over with
Secretaries Stimson and Mellon by
the transatlantic telephone last
Friday, Mr. Castle said.
The two secretaries spoke to the
French and German officials about
it Saturday, he said, adding that
Mr. Stimson had discussed it in the
ministers' meeting early today in
The acting secretary said he did
not know if the secretary had read
to the delegates exactly what was
made public by the Washington
government, but that he had put
forward the idea. In simple lan-
guage, the American proposal was:
that world bankers should main-
tain the present volume of $1,200,-
tised through a broadcast from sta- leather, shoes and other industries
tion WJR, Detroit, at 12:15 o'clock concentrated in towns of sizes much
each noon. Flags and pennants smaller than would be the case for
have been distributed throughout towns of similar population in the
the city, advertising the price re- Middle West or the West, Professor
duction festival. Finch said.
With the exception of Vermont
Wright Receives Post and Maine, all therotherNew Eng-
at Ten le niuer it land states are predominantly ur-
at Temple University ban and theacities are very com-
pact, many of them containing
Dr. Carroll S. Wright, '18 M, for- landscapes of literary and histori-
merly an instructor in dermatology cal associations which are visited
in the Medical school, has been ap-
pointed professor of dermatology at
Temple university, it was learned
here yesterday. He will also be a
staff members at the Temple uni-
Wright taught here from 1920 to
1922, when he became an associate
professor in the University of Penn-
sylvania medical school. He stud-
ied under Prof. Udo J. Wile, of the
State Department Complains to
Canada When Nova Scotian
WASHINGTON, July 21.-(P)-
Use of a noxious gas by an alleged
Nova Scotian rum runner in evad-
ing capture by a coast guard boat
was the basis of a complaint for-
warded to the Canadian govern-
ment by the State Department.
The complaint was dispatched
with instructions to Minister Han-
ford MacNider at Ottawa to submit
it to Canadian authorities "for such
action as they may find it possible
The gas was reported in the pro-
test as having been used by the
vessel Cadet of Weymouth, Nova
Scotia, in eluding the CG-149 off
-- __ _ _l*-tAl. ..r 4flA'
by thousands of visitors
Professor Finch concluded.
Detroit 4, Washington 3.
Boston 3, Cleveland 2 (10 innings)
Philadelphia 10, Chicago 5.
St. Louis, New York rain.
St. Louis 8, New York 5.
Brooklyn 4, Chicago 3.
Boston, Pittsburgh, rain.
Soviet Russia Hails George Bernard Shawl
MOSCOW, July 21.-(IP)--George
Bernard Shaw, one of the world's
foremost exponents of socialism,
arrived here today to survey a non-
capitalistic country for the first
time and remarked dryly, "After
all, I was a communist before Len-
in was born."
The Irish author and critic spent
an active day after his arrival, sur-
veying what he could of the Soviet
capital. Less than half an hour af-
ter reaching his hotel, he set out
on a sight-seeing tour which took
him to Lenin's tomb and the Krem-
lin, where he was photographed
perched atop a Czarist cannon-ball
Afterwar s, snatching scarcel'y
the Park of Rest and Culture, a
recreation center for workers on,
the Moscow river, and tonight he
attended a special performance of'
the "Beggar's Opera" given in his
Just as indefatigable as the noted
satirist was Lady Astor, who with
her husband and one of her sons
was among the six making up
The noted lady parliamentarian
several times visibly shocked mem-
bers of the communist party who
accompanied them on the sight-
seeing tours by reiterating fre-
quently, "I am a capitalist!" and
critisizing the soviet system for
what described as "its materialism
Told that the ancient little red
church which stands next to the
large cathedral where the Czars
worshipped was to be domolished,
Shaw said: "Well, then, I think
they'd better have a five-year as-
"But," he added, "if a revolution
like this had happened in America,
England, 4r France, they would
have looted everything. Such
churches and art treasures as these
in the Kremlin would no; have
been left untouched as they have
"If you stand there soliloquizing,"'
Lady Astor interrupted, "we won't
cover the ground." And she led
him a ires r 1. &+h na
...n ns n 4t ns n 1 n nrc ti+nci l n crrore# i-.n n.wA 7nnb n4 ti.ntitri nrti rf