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July 10, 1931 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1931-07-10

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P AQ E ' O


FRIDAY.- JULY 10, 1931


.. _. t $'r ummr
Published every morning except Monday
during the University Summer Session by the
Board in Control of Student Publications.
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled
to the use for republication of all news dis.
patches credited to it or not otherwise credited
in this paper and the local news published
herein. All rights ofarepublication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Ann Arbor, Michigan, post-
office as second class matter.
Subscription by carrier, $1.50; by mail,
Offices: Press Building, Maynard Street,
Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Telephones: Editorial, 4925; Business
Editorial Director ...........gurney williams
women's Editor........... Eleanor Rairdon
Telegraph Editor............. L. R. Ohubb
C. W. Carpenter Carl Mely
L. R. Cbhb Sher M. Qraishi
Barbara Hall Eleanor Rairdon
Charles C. Irwin Edgar Racine
Susan Manchester *Marion Thornton
Y. Cutler Showers
Assistant Business Mianager . . Vernon Bishop
Contracts Manager..............CarlMarty
Corbett Franklin Ralph Hardy
FRIDAY, JULY 10, 1931
Night Editor-Gurney Williams
Prohibition Director A. W. W.
Woodcock has gone about system-
atically to insist upon prohibition
enforcement and is to be admired
for his energy and enthusiasm in
t' fa'e of the heaviest posible
odds. When he took over the job
last yea , he found himself the
hea~d of an organization that had
i t. o o commend it, either in plan
or personnel. Every humorist in
America found bread and butter
money in concocting jokes about
grafting dry agents, bootleggers
laughe i loudly, and the populace
as a whole looked upon the pro-
hibition bureau with an amused
smirk. They still do, in spite of
progress; and unless a universal
mutation occurs in the human
mind, it looks as though joking,
laughing and smirking will contin-
ue to be synonymous with the dry
law for a couple of generations.
The four cardinal policies by
which Mr. Woodcock proposes to
increase the efficiency of his bur-
eau were expresed by him over the
radio Tuesday as follows; First: To
select enforcement agents more
carefully and train them to a high
standard of efficiency and loyalty.
Second: To avoid all unnecessary ir-
ritation and annoyance to the in-
nocent. Third: To direct the Fed-
eral government's energy exclusive-
ly against the commercial violator,
leaving the purely private violator
"to his own conscience and the
forces of education." Fourth: To
seek the fullest measure of state
The first point involves the es-
tablishing of a training school
where the prospective agent will be
taught the law, the technique of
investgation, and where he will be
taught "to do some thinking." If
properly carrieI out, this part of
the plan would go a long way toward
making the bureau a respected and
fairly efficient organization, and
would solve virtually every prohib-

ition problem-if it weren't for one
fact mentioned in point three: the
private individual must be left to
his own conscience.
That is where every dry plan falls
down. The prohibition law has
been hailed as such an unutterable
farce and a violation of our so-
called freedom, that the illegality,
never occurs to the imbiber. It is
true, as Mr. Woodcock says, that
the private consumer is the inciter3
of commercial violation by creating
a market, but so long as restrictive
measures are laid against natural
freedom, no amount of money or
number of trained men will be able
to enforce them. The thought is
so hackneyed-and so true!
if the matter becomes a problem
of ethics with the drin4:er, as Mr.
Woodcock maintains, then a far-
i eaching and tedious educational
program much more extensive thant
prohibition bureau plans will be
necessary; for so aong as part of
the answer to the problem lies
within the drinker's conscience,
then so long will our dry law con-
tinue to be the laughing stock ofk
the world. We admire Mr. Wood-t
cock for his energy but we do not1
envy his fight against human na-r


To The Edi
It seems1

itor: which she had to give up, then
to me that the opening Russia and Austria are justified in
of Professor Pollock's asking the return of their former

"answer" typifies very well his
methods of aproach and treatment
which are so objectionable to me:
On the basis of what information
does Professor Pollock qualify me as
one "who has been born and bred
in an area of racial intermix-
tures?" Where am I "extreme in"
my "comments," "egregiously wrong
in many statemenms" and "'misrep-
resentative" of his "views?"
To the first statement, it suffices
for me to say that I was born with-
in a few miles of, and bred in, War-
saw, an area not less indisputably
Polish t h a n Ile-de-France is
French or Middlesex is English. The
other statements, I am willing to
accept as flowery phraseology on-
Now, regarding the six "major
points . . . set forth" by Professor
(1) I should ask, of course, what
..oes he mean by "the boundary .. .
not fixed in a satisfactory way?"
Satisfactory to whom? If the
boundary is not satisfactory to Ger-
mans and to him, then let him not
forget that it is not satisfactory to
the Poles either, but they are not
vociferous about it.
(2) There are about twenty-five
miles of Vistula river separating a
portion of the "Conidor" from a
portion of East Prussia. Had there
been the slightest damage done to
a property of the humblest German
by the "neglected Vistula," the en-
fire world would have heard plenty
'about it, the League of Nations and
the World Court would have ben
bombarded by protests and com-
1laints. Is not, therefore, Professor
z'ollock worrying in advance?
(3) This point can be answered
in the same way as the preceding
one. More careful observers of the
Danzig situation hope, that when
the Danzigers are rid of their un-
wanted inspirers they will like their
present situation better than the
lower one. Economic exigencies are
mighty good adjusters of life prob-
lems and " . . . all the Danzigers
cannot be fooled all the time" by
their present advisers.
(5) & (6) Noboay denies that
"East Prussia is in a critical ec-
onomic situation," but so is the
rest of the world, and what has this
got to do with the "Corridor?"
The fear of Polish apprehension
of any territory on either side of
the "Corridor" is, of course, child-
ishly naive in view of the treaties
which Poland has entered into with
Germany and other powers. With
the whole world against her, as dis-
turber of the hard won peace and
as an aggressor, with the immedi-
ately following blockade and econ-
omic boycott at the command of
the League, not to speak of the still
splendid German war machinery
and the Bolsheviks just waiting for
such an occasion, Poland would
have (to use the picturesque
phraseology of Andy Gump) "the
chance of a cockroach in a bath
tub with the hot water faucet turn-
ed on" in winning any armed con-
flict with Germany.
A comparison of any such even-
uality, in the areas under discus-
sion, with the Vilno incident has
no foundation, as in that district
joining Poland, neither of the two
parties violated any treaties or
agreements with any third party.
It was not because "the Poles
claimed that both the Marienwerde
and the Allenstein areas were in-
disputably Polish" but because the
German prewar maps and statis-
tics have shown it, that the famousI
plebiscite was aranged in that por-;
cion of East Prussia. Well, a mir-

acle happened and the plebiscite
gave these areas to Germany.
Enough material could be gathered
from this miracle to write a hand-
book on miracle engineering.
I wish Professor Pollock would
quote a single instance when "the
Poles have disregard(ed) the Ver-
sailles treaty when it (was) in fa-
vor of Germany" and give the name
of this "most competent American
observer of European conditions"
whom he quotes in his answers. If
that "observer" places T o r u n
(Thorn) and Bydgoszcz (Bromberg)
in the "Corridor," then I would ad-
vise Professor Pollock to shun him;
the rest of his observations might
be just as wrong. A single glance
at a map of Poland shows clearly
that these two cities have abso-l
lutely nothing to do with the "Cor-
ridor" and are located far south ofc

unlawful holdings, and Poland is
again no more. It was the Ameri-
can strong sense of justice which
threw in the faces of the bickering
European statesmen the problem of
Poland, with its inevitable conse-
Professor Pollock reached, how-
ever, an unsurpassable climax in
his arguments by asserting that nei-
ther the so-called Cashubes nor the
Mazures are Poles. When I read
this statement I did not know
whether I should envy him the bliss
of the innocence in which he still
remains or the thrills of the won-
derful surprises which still await
him in his studies of human affairs.
His parallel between the Cashub
and the Polish dialects, as beween
the Dutch and German, is either a
ridiculous exaggeration or an ad-
mission of ignorance of these ton-
gues. A Mazure is a native of the
ancient principality of Mazowsze
(Masovia) the northern tip of
which is in the present East Prus-
sia, while its heart is in Warsaw,
and which for ages has been and
still is the very backbone of Poland.
Incidentally, I am a Mazure.
It is true that in opening his lec-
ture Professor Pollock statedthat
he was neither an expert nor an
authority on Eastern Europe. One
therefore wonders why he under-
takes to discuss matters about
which he does not know enough.
Professor Pollock is entirely un-
necesarily "plus catholique que le
pape lui-meme", i.e., the German
government is satisfied with the
functioning of the "Corridor" but
he is not. Seerthe Report of the
German Ministry of Foreign Af-
fairs (Reichstagsdrucksache No.
2191) "Denkschrift zum Gesetz ue-
ber das Durchgangsabkommen" and
Dr. Holz's (a high official in the
Reich's railway administration)
"The Economic Life of Eastern
Prussia and the Means of Com-
munication before and since the
Colonel Charles Phillips (U. S.
Army), who spent about a couple
of years in Poland with the Ameri-
can Red Cross Commission, in his
admirable book on Poland (1923)
said: "For ten centuries the Pole
has held his ground. I have not
the slightest doubt that he will con-
tinue to do so for ever. The sole
solution of the problem, the sole
hope for peace, is for the German
to recognize this face and leave the
Pole alone. Once that degree of
understanding is achieved, given
the acknowledged tolerance and
friendliness of the Slavic nature,
the two peoples can live side by side
in amicable relationship."
The Poles actually believe that
the great German nation of Schil-
ler and Goethe and of Carl Schurtz
(1848) will throw off the shackles
of chauvinism and imperialism
which, since the day of the Pyrrhic
victory of 1870, have bound it, and
realize that not through aggression
but through cooperation will it
bring the country to its greatest
heights of achievement and thus
best serve itself and the world.
It seems to me, therefore, that
a profesor of political science, at
a great American university, siding
with Hitlerites cuts rather a bizzare
In conclusion, the "American
corridors" which "function to the
satisfaction of everybody concern-
ed" are:
(1) A Canadian going from New
Brunswick to Ottawa travels for
two hundred miles through the
State of Maine, between MacAdam
and Magnetic.
(2) A Canadian going from Ot-

tawa to Winnipeg crosses the State
of Minnesota, between Baudette
and Warroad.
(3) A citizen of Detroit going to
Buffalo, or vice versa, passes con-
veniently a distance of hundreds of
miles (the Polish Corridor" is be -
tween 60 to 90 miles in width)
through the province of Ontalio,
(4) An American going from
Sai Diego, California, to Yuma,
Arizona, on the Southern Pacific
Railway crosses Mexican territory
on two occasions. These are the
fourth and fifth American "Corri-
dors." Finally, last but not least,
(5) The Canadian province of
British Columbia and the Territory
of Yukon "cuts" our own father-
land "in two."
In closing I wish to state that I
do not doubt for a moment that
?rofesor Pollock occupies a distin-
guished position in the realm of po-
litical science, due to his meritor-
ious contributions to problems, for
the study of which he is more fav-
orably equipped.
TOw,4' 1'T.TV X WOft IT f(WT





The only



Students and
Home Towns-
Phone Numbers-







Business skies may be rosy, as a
story yesterday maintained, but
there are still plenty of thorns
down on the ground where most of
tic 14rp

Now, a word to the "scholars and
statesmen" who are "wondering
whether Versailles has been a
blesing or a curse."
If Germany is justified in ask-

Angel Hall - University Hall - Center of
The Diagonal


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