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August 06, 1931 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1931-08-06

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0, 4 P

#'um mr

ESTABLISHED
1920

Ifrbia

il

MEMBER OF THE
ASSOCIATED
PRESS

I

XI. NO. 33.

FOUR PAGES

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN,

THURSDAY, AUGUST 6, 1931 WEATHER: Warm, Thunder Showers

PRICE FIVE CENTS

GERM\NY IS CALM'
AS BANKS REOPEN
PUBICOPTIMISTIC
Just an Ordinary Day,' Declare
Bankers in Both Urban
and Rural Areas.
CONFIDENCE VICTORIOUS
More Money Paid in Than Taken
Out; Interest Rate Is
Eight Percent.
BERLIN, Aug. 5.--(P)-The opti-
mists were right after all.
In Berlin and in all banking cen-
ters throughout Germany the first-
day of the resumption of full bank-
ing facilities was marked by extra-
ordinary calm.
Calamity-mongers until late last
night had conjured up visions of
wild crowds bursting through bank
doors and surging to the counters.
Nothing of that sort happened.1
Business Usual.
"It was just like an ordinary
day," many bank officials said, not
only in Berlin but also in the prov-
inces.
The calmness of the public was
taken as an indication that, de-1
spite clamor by the opposition tol
the contrary, there still was con-1
fidence in the present government,1
especially in Chancellor Heinrich
Bruening whose dmonitions to meet
the situation with fortitude had
a salutary effect.<
Interests High.
Everywhere more money wasE
paid in than taken out, the incen-
tive being the high rate of inter-I
est, upwards of eight per cent on
deposits, and banks found they had7
currency enough and to spare.
Many bankers returned to the,
Reichsbank large amounts they had
held in reserve in expectation of
a large demand.'
New York Bankers Approve -
Plan for German Credits
NEW YORK, Aug. 5.-()- New
York bankers agreed today upon a
plan of making effective the Luther
proposal for maintaining the vol-
ume of outstanding foreign credits
in Germany. The plan advanced
by the New York bankers, how-
ever, involves certain modifications
of the proposals of Dr. Hans Luth-
er, president of the Reichesbank.
EURICH DESCRIBES
MINNESOTA TESTS
Tells Educators Students Keep
Only One-Half Percent of
Facts Memorized.
"Students who possess the covet-
ed Bachelor of Arts degree have
only taken the requisite examina-
tions and have attaind a certain
standard," stated Prof. Alvin C.
Eurich in the regular weekly con-
ference of the school of education
yesterday. "Some students have
attained higher rank than others.
A few have made Phi Beta Kappa
or Sigma Xi. These few are singled
out at commencement with such
honors as magna cum laude or
summa cum laude. The majority,

however, graduate with out distinc-
tion of any nature. Nevertheless,
all the honor students as well as
the average recipients of the de-
grees are classed as college gradu-
ates on a common level."
Professor Eurich said it would be
difficult to test the graduates for
their retention of knowledge. "It
would hardly be feasible," he said.
"In order to obtain information as
to the retention of knowledge it is
necessary to test the student in
particular subjects." Such a plan
he stated, is employed at the Uni-
versity of Minnesota.
The plan as described by Profes-
sor Eurich in operation at the Un-
iversity of Minnesota covers cer-
tain subjects. In the field of bot-
any advanced students were given
final examinations similar to the
examinations they had taken in
elementary courses. "The rating
showed that after three months the
students retained less than one
half of one per cent of what they
had learned," Eurich stated.

Marquis of Reading
Will WedSecretary-
LONDON, Aug. 5.-(JP)- TheI
Marquis of Reading, 70 years old,
former Viceroy of India, and for
20 years an eminent figure in
British politics and Miss Stella
Charnaud, known as "the most
remarkable woman in London,"
will be married tomorrow.
The announcement of the en-
gagement was made today. Miss
Charnaud, who has served as his
secretary for several years, is 37.
"I am still going to be the per-
fect private secretary," she said
today.
Her perfection has been com-
mented on for years in the im-
portant business and political1
circles.
REPORTS ON WORLD
CIACERSCONFRiCT
Pang born, Herndon May Still Bec
in Siberia; Radio Tellsd
of Pacific Hop.a
(By Associated Press) f
Conflicting reports left in doubt i
last night the whereabouts and i
plans of Clyde Pangborn and Hugh
Herndon, Jr., American flyers who
hopped off from New York July 28 i
in an effort to set a world-circling5
speed record.V
The Nome, Alaska, radio station i
of the United States Signal corpst
reported yesterday it had intercept-t
ed from an unidentified Siberians
wireless station a report that theb
pair had hopped off from Khabo-r
rovsk, Siberia, at 3 p. m. Monday,E
Eastern Standard Time.
The report was generally discre-r
dited in aviation circles because it,
conflicted with other advices. '
Rengo news agency dispatches int
Tokio said Pangborn and Herndonf
were still grounded at Khaborovsk,
undecided whether to continue toI
Nome in face of adverse weather.
Their headquarters in New Yorks
reported the aviators telegraphedt
they had abandoned their attemptC
to break the record of Wiley Post
and Harold Gatty and decided to
try a non-stop flight from Tokio to
Seattle.
Prof. Walter Limns f
Methods of Bennett
"Arnold Bennett, one of the most
prolific writers of modern times,
invented the phrase of living on
twenty-four hours a day and did,"
said Prof. Erich A. Walter of the
English department in a lecture at
the Natural Science auditorium yes-
terday.
"A writer of short stories, poems,
playwright, novelist and reviewer,
his output was about 500,000 words
a year and that was what Arnold
Bennett considered the most effec-
tive use of one's life," Professor
Walter said.
Arnold Bennett when beginning
his novels had a main plot his chief
characters, a few episodes that he
intended to incorporate and the
general field of the novel, Professor
Walter explained but he never al-
lowed his characters to dominate
the creation. "Arnold Bennett pos-
sessed a minute knowledge of hu-
man character and the wonder of

existence never grew stale for him
and his romantic curiosity sent
him adventuring into the human
mind," Professor Walter continued.
Bennett had the inordinary gift
of seeing beauty andhtragedy in the
tcommonplace and he believed that
man's greatest achievement is the
ability to be kind and that friend-
ship was the least dispensable of
man's needs, Professor Walter said.
Meanwhile a $1,058.50 judgment
-against the flyers was entered in
Superior Court in Alameda county,
California.
NEWSBOY IMPROVED
William Taylor, aged State
a street newspaper vendor, who
e was knocked down Tuesday aft-
i ernoon by shock when a bolt of
g lightning struck a tree on the
e campus, left St. Joseph's Mercy
- hospital yesterday in improved
y condition.

REPERTORY PLAYERS GIVE PLEASING
PRODUCTION OF SATIRICAL COMEDY

LINOIPEfGSREACH t
b
ti
Complete Thousand Mile Flight n
Over Treacherous Land P
of Northwest.P
' p
ALASKA IS NEXT STOP re
w
Blocking of Supply Ship in Ice t
May Prevent Landing at c
Point Barrow. a
w
AKLAVIK, Northwest Territory, P
Aug. 5.-(YP)-Canada's "metropolis
of the Arctic" was host today to c
Col. and Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh se
as they rested here on their aerial F:
vacation jaunt to the Orient. M
Colonel Lindbergh set his glisten- te
ing low wing monoplane on the v
calm waters of Peel canal, in the fo
delta of the Great Mackenzie river, g
at 6:05 a. m. Eastern Standard in
Time, after an overnight 1,100-mile t
flight from Baker lake over some of p
the most treacherous and uninhab- o
ited country on the continent. a
Cutter Delayed. t
The next point on the Lindbergh te
itinerary is Point Barrow, Alaska, d:
536 miles west and north, but there i
was some question whether the fly- er
ing vacationers would stop there as si
the United States coast guard cut- t
ter Northland, carrying a gasoline in
supply for their plane, was blocked s
by fogs and the Arctic icepacks T
near Icy Cape, 150 miles beyond o
Barrow. f
Aklavik's entire population, the
natives and traders from many ti
miles around, were waiting on the a
muddy banks of the channel when A
the Lindberghs came into sight a
from the east. w
The flight from Baker lake took v
eleven and a half hours. The ti
Lindberghs had flown through the
short Arctic night in a land where
the sun at this season drops out
of sight for only a few hours.
Are Inside Circle.
Aklavik is 130 miles inside the
Arctic circle. The most northerly
point on the flight itinerary is J
Point Barrow, northernmost tip of 0
Alaska, like Aklavik, a trading post C
for a wide a rea. h
The Lindberghs' flight from Bak- 1
er lake, on Hudson's bay, was the t
longest ever made over the lake- G
dotted tundra country of northern 6
Canada.
Arrival at Aklavik marked the n
completion of 3,000 miles of their h
journey. C
F
BLAES DEVASTaE
FORESTS__IN IDAHOb
F IC
Eighteen Families Forced Fromt
Homes by Huge Fires
in Dry Timber.,
SPOKANE, Wash., Aug. 5.-(P)-s
Flames were sweeping the Priestr
river valley of north Idaho todya,
after 18 families barely had es-
caped death in the fire-torndarea.
The valley was the main battle-
front for 2,500 men fighting more
than ,200 fires in the northwest.
Women, exhausted by flight<
from the flames which destroyedI

their homes and property, werea
billeted with their children in the
Odd Fellows hall at Priest River,I
Idaho. Citizens of Newport, Wash.,
and other towns sent food and
clothing to the fugitives.
A thousand fighters were work-
ing desperately to drive livestock
out of the territory in the blaze's
path.
Winds kept all the northwest's
major fires in rich timber. Char-
red trees were blocking almost
all roads under the smothering cov-
er of smoke in Priest river valley.
Communication from the fire
fronts to the outside world was
haphazard. The Associated Press
report to north Idaho newspapers
was being transmitted on a fire-
fighter's telephone line, because the
regular lines were burned down.
The Moscow Star-Mirror, Sand-
point Bulletin and Wallace Press
Times were served in this way.

A Review.
The Kauffman and.Connolly ex-
avaganza, "The Beggar on Horse-
ack," is still a fairly entertaining
ream of jolly derision with a pel-
t of caustic nonsense for nearly
very American in the audience.
nd Mr. Windt still does this play
uite well; not so well as last
Ime; but well enough to keep ast
ight's Americans laughing. The
lay will continue to be a good
layable play until America so im-
roves that it can indignantly and
)nvincingly deny that this broad,
eckless satire hastanything to do
ith America. Mr. Windt can con-
mue to play it well since very
(early he hasicaught and can the-
trically realize the play's pace-
hich is the principal source of the
lay's force.
The present production somewhat
ollapses (if you happen to have
en another production) about Mr.
itzgerald's incompetence as Neil.
fr. Fitzgerald hasn't either the
chnical security or the technical
ariety to make Neil an adequate
cus for all the dream scenes. I
rant there is nothing in the writ-
g to help him. But that is why
he part is difficult. The person
laying Neil has to depend solely
n himself (as a person of presence
nd sensitive reaction) to give us
he sense that the person all these
rrible people are shouting and
ancing about is a person of some _
mportance. Mr. Fitzgerald's pres-
ice and capacity for revealing sen-
tive reactions are so negligible
hat last night, the principal mean-
ig of the play was merely that
houting and dancing are awful.
hat isn't quite the whole meaning
f the play. But it's quite enough
or an evenings entertainment. E
The Cady family-which the au-
hors have written very Hogarthi-
nly about-were done quite well.
11 mob scenes are done with good
nimation. The first set is some-
hat inexcusable; it nearly pre- i
ents that first scene from having
he very vivid reality it should have.A
W.J.G.P
4. J. Murphy, Detroit p
Judge,_Shoots Selft
DETROIT, Aug. 5.-(P)-CircuitI
udge Alfred J. Murphy, presidentt
f the Federal Bond and Mortgage
o. since 1922, shot himself at hist
ome at 1501 Seminole Ave. short-t
y after 8 a. m. today and died
wo and.half hours later in Charlesc
.odwin Jennings hospital. He wasr
3 years old.
In a note addressed to the coro- .
ier, Judge Murphy indicated that1
ie had taken his own life because
f worry over the affairs of the
Federa 1 Bond and Mortgage Co.,
which have been the subject of a
one-man grand jury investigation
t Lansing for the past two months.
In his note the judge said he had
been stunned by the revelations of
onditions in the firm, and had
been in ill-health ever since last,
winter.
"Six months of sleepless nights
and worried days have sapped my
strength and left me useless," he
wrote. "I can see no future for
me."
DO-X Reaches Brazil
After Pacific Jump
BAHIA, Brazil, Aug. 5.-(P)-The
German flying boat DO-X arrived
here this afternoon at 4:10 o'clock,
ending the first day of its flight
from Rio de Janeiro to the United

States.
The ship, which is on its way to
New York 'with ten passengers,
landed earlier in the day at Cara-
vellas.
She is making the trip under the
command of Lieut. Clarence H.
Schildhauer, U. S. N. There are two
women aboard, Mrs. Clara Adams,
an American, and Frau R. Claus-
brook, wife of one of the German
pilots.

Hultin Gives Speech
to Socialist Group
"Surplus value of laborers is
the cause of all the trouble be-
tween the capitalist and work-
ing classes of society and that
is because labor is but only al
commodity," said Mr. Edwin G.
Hultin of the Proletarian party
speaking to the Michigan Soc-
ialist club at the Michigan Un-R
ion yesterday.
Surplus value, Mr. Hultin ex-
plained is the difference between
what it cqsts to produce the
commodity labor power the av- F
erage price for which it sells in
the market and what it the labor
power can produce in value.
"To improve the tools of pro- S
duction has been the historic
mission of the capitalist system
of society and to reduce the cost
of production more than a mil-
lion and half of children are _
employed in American indus- in
try," Mr. Hultin said. "Produc- c
tion has become so efficient that d
last year 300,000 tons of grapes 4
were destroyed in California to- f
gether with one third of the
peach crop, this year they have d
been dumping coffee into the t
sea in Brazil," he said.m
"Socialism is the substitution e
of the golden rule in the affairs b
of society instead of the rule of
gold under capitalism." Mr. Hut- a
lin concluded. b
e
w
U., S. WITNHRAAL U
FROM HITI BEGINS m]
American Minister Gives Native b
Government Supervision si
of Treaties, a:
T
PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti, Aug. 5. o
-(IP)-The first important step f(
eading toward the withdrawal of t
American occupation of Haiti took Y
place at noon today when Dr. Dana
G. Munro, American minister, and e
Abel Leger, Haitian foreign minis- h
ter, signed an agreement transfer- s
ing the treaty departments of the m
Haitian government, now operated W
by Americans, to Haitian control.
The transfer is to become effec- wl
tive October 1, at the beginning of
the fiscal year. The departments
affected, a statement by the Ameri-S
can minister said, are the depart-
ment of public works, the technical s
service of agriculture and indus-
trial education and the public
health service.
C
The agreement provides for thed
abrogation of the accord of Aug-a
ust 24, 1918, which obligated the
government of Haiti to communi-a
cate all proposed laws bearing upon
objects of the treaty of 1915 to theY
representative of the United States
before presenting them to the legis-a
lature, and also the accord of De-
cember 3, 1918, requiring the visa
of the financial adviser on orders
of payment issued by the Haitian
secretary of state for finance.
TROOPESO ENORCE
GOVERNOR'S ORDE
Oklahoma Oil Wells Shut off tot

Prevent Further Decrease z
in Product's Price.
OKLAHOMA CITY, Aug. 5.-Gov.
William H. "Alfalfa Bill" Murrayt
has carried out a threat to shut
down Oklahoma oil wells under
martial law in an effort to increase
prices for crude oil, He named the
"supreme executive power of the
state" as his authority.
National Guardsmen, called out
late Tuesday, invaded the giant
Oklahoma City oil field without
appreciable opposition and headed
new objectives. The governor's or-
ders are to close all of the state's
3,106 wells that have a daily aver-
age production of 25 barrels or
more.
The troops, under Adj. Gen.
Charles F. Barrett and newly-com-
missioned Lieut. Col. Cicero I. Mur-
ray, the governor's cousin, prepar-
ed to go to the Greater Seminole
area today.

THOUSANDS DEAD
IS HUGE FLOODS
NUNDATE CHINA
Reports Indicate Fifty
Millions Are Hit
by Disaster.
?AMINE, DISEASE
SPREADRAPIDLY
ixteen Provinces Are
Hurt as Rivers
Overflow.
HANKOW, China, Aug. 5.0)
-Floods rolled over sixteen prov-
ices of China today, and un-
ounted thousands were reported
rowned; hundreds of thousands
ere homeless, threatened by
amine and disease.
All central China sent stories of
istress and appeals for aid. Fif-
y million people, the govern-
ent's relief committee estimat-
d, were affected, or soon would
e, by the catastrophe.
China's great rivers, the Yangtse
nd the Yellow, fed by swollen tri-
utaries after torrential rains, ov-
rflowed their banks and inundated
ide expanses of country.
Dead Remain Unburied.
Many cities wee flood-swept.
nabl to bury their dead in sub-
ierged cemeteries, the Chinese al-
wed bodies to float down the
trea: es.
No ta'ly of victims was possible,
ut the Chinese press reported
se;oral thousand" drowned in the
s er cities of Hangkow, Wuchang,
nd Hanyang and thei environs.
h. se cities, with total population
f 1,300,000 including 1,200 white
aregners, were partly under wa-
er and fighting to keep back the
angtse and Han rivers which were
ouring through broken dikes.
Nearly all of H1ant kow was flood-
d, but 200,000 iefugees fled to the
igher places, and others were
warming daily to railway embank-
ents -.nd highways to join them.
With p stilential conditions in ref-
gee camps, it was feared disease
vould strike heavily.
New Heights Reached.
Nev r in modern tImes has the
.angtse reached such heights.
hipping was unable to proceed up-
tream and car goes could not be
anded at docks.
Rains had ceased in the Yangtse
alley today, and a hot sun beat
down, adding to the disease haz-
nrd. Melting snow from the tow-
ring Himalayas was expected to
add to the flood waters.
In the north, the old bed of the
Yellow river, waterless for 65 years,
was. filled with a devastating tor-
rent which was believed to have
drowned scores in Kiangfu prov-
ince,
Business Men Urge
Body for Slump Aid
WA HINGTON, Aug. 5 - (-w) -
Some sot of national council or
planning board to promote contin-
uity in business and employment is
favored by business men who have
replied to a questionnaire sent out

by a national chamber of commerce
committee headed by Henry I. Har-
rison of Boston.
ThC questionnaire, asking if it
were considered feasible to set up
some permanent body to combat
the result of business depression,
was sent to 200 presidents of trade
associations over the country.
Henry P. Fouler, secretary of the
committee, said today that about
50 replies had been received and
that the great majority were favor-
able to some sort of permanent
planning board, although they va-
ried widely in their view of the
scope of the proposed organization.
Among the questions asked were
Should it be authorized by congress
as a purely governmental agency;
as a joint effort of government and
business; or established and oper-
ated by business men without con-
gressional authority?
Fouler said the replies to the
questionnaire would go to the Har-
riman committee at a meeting early
in September.

,

BASEBALL SCORES
American League
Detroit 11, Cleveland 8.
Boston 5, 1, New York 1, 4.
(Only games scheduled).
National League
Boston 6, Phillies 3.
Chicago 3, Cincinnati 2.
St. Louis 4, 16, Pittsburgh 5, 2.
(1st game twelve innings).

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