THE SUMMER MICHIGAN DAILY
' '^^ A a dart wr vaVAAVA. aw- ..
DRI 8Bell had declared, "I can make iron
Worked for 40 Weeks1
His fisrst succesns cae whiletesting
INIENT R9 111 0[ D his instruments in his new quarters in
Boston. Thomas A. Watson, Bell's as-
sistant, had struck a clock spring at
(Contiuned from Page One) one end of the wire, and Bell was
Charles Wheatstone, the English in- electrified to hear the sound in an-
other room. For 40 weeks the instru-
ventor of the telegraph, fired the ment struggled, as it were, for human
young elocutionist with ambition to in- speech. Then on March 10, 1876, Wat-
vent a musical, or multiple, telpegrah, son became almost insane with joy
which eventually turned out to be a when he heard over the wire Bell's
telephone. voice saying:
Taught Deaf Mutes "Mr. Watson, come here, I want
His father while giving a lecture in you.
Boston, proudly mentioned the son's On his 29th birthday, Bell received
success in teaching London deaf his patent. It was at the Centennial
mutes. This led the Boston board of Exposition held at Philadelphia, two
education to offer the younger Bell moths later, where men of science the
$500 to introduce his system in the world over who had come to examine
newly opened school for deaf mutes. and study the numerous inventions
He was then 24 years old, and in- exhibited, say Professor Bell give a
stantly became the educational sen- practical demonstration of the trans-
sation of the day. He was appointed mission of the human voice by elec-
a professor in Boston university, and tricity.
opened his instantly successful As for Bell himself, he had not
"School of Vocal Physiology." planned to attend the Centennial at
But teaching interferred with his in- all. He was poor and he had reorgan-
venting, and he soon gave up all but ized his classes in vocal speech. To-
two pupils. One of these was Mabel ward the end of June he went to the
Hubbard, of a wealthy family. She station to see Miss Hubbard off for
had lost her hearing and speech in an Philadelphia. There had been some
attack of scarlet fever while a babyi talk of his going, but he had put it
It was she who later became Bell's quietly aside. She believed he was
wife. going; when, they reached the station
Bell spent the following three years she pleaded with him and was refused.
in night work in a cellar in Salem, As he put her aboard the train and it
Mass. His money-needs were met by moved out, leaving him on the plat-
Gardiner G. Hubbard, his future fath- form, she burst out crying. Bell dash-
er-in-law, and Thomas Sanders, the ed after her and sprang aboard the
owner of the cellar. As he worked he train, without baggage, ticket or any
began to see the possibility of con- other trifles.
veying speech over an electrically Amazes Scientists
charged wire-the telephone. He used The next Sunday afternoon Bell
a dead man's ear for a transmitter, was promised an inspection of hi,
"If I can make a deaf mute talk," invention by the judges of exhibits.
It was a hot day and the judges had
seen a great deal, Some of them were
Spci TaParties for going home; one jeered, and there
Special Tr) for Pwas a general boredom. Then there
18-Passenger Bappeared the blonde-bearded Emperor
of Brazil, with outstretched hands. He
had heard some of Bell's lectures in
Round Trip to Bathing Beach, $f. Boston; the deaf-mute work appealed
Sunday Schedule: to him. His greeting made astir. Bell
9 a. m.uand every two hours md read H is emonstio. A
till 9 p. m. made ready for his demonstration. A
Special rates on Dance Parties wire had been strung the length of the
of 10 or more. room. Bell took the transmitter; Dom
Ht. C. FRY BUS LINE. Phone 2754-R Pedro placed the received to his ear.
He started up amazed.
"My God-it talks!"
Afterward Lord Kelvin-plain Wil-
liam Thompson then-took up the re-
ceiver. He was the engineer of the
first Atlantic cable.
He nodded his head solemnly as he
"It does speak," he said emphatical-
ly. "It is the most wonderful thing
I have seen in America."
The judges took turns talking and
listening until 10 o'clock that night.
Next morning the telephone was
brought to the judges' pavilion. It was
mobbed by scientists the remainder
of the summer.
Held High Honors
The distinguished inventor was the
recipient of many honors in this coun-
try and abroad. The French govern-
ment, ever quick to recognize science,
conferred on him the decoration of
the Legion of Honor, the French Aca-
demy bestowed on him its valuable
Volta prize of 50,000 francs, the So-
ciety of Arts in London in 1902 gave
him its Albert medal and the Univer-
sity of Wurzburg, Bavaria, made him
One of the curious things about the
invention of the telephone is that Bell
knew almost nothing about electricity
when he started. He knew a great
about acoustics, though, and the form-
ation of the human organs of speech
and hearing. Bell was called to Wash-
ington once when he was in the slough
of despondence and took the opportun-
ity to call on Prof. Joseph Henry, whc
knew as much about electricity and
the telegraph as any man then alive
Henry told him he had the germ of a
"But," said Bell, "I have not got the
electrical knowledge that is neces-
"Get it," said Henry.
Bell did get some of it-enough.
"Had I known more about electricity
and less about sound," he said, "I
would never have invented the tele.
While Dr. Bell will be best remem-
bered as the inventor of the tele-
I phone, a claim that has been sustain-
ed through many legal contests, he
also became noted for other inven.
tions. eH was point inventor of the
graphaphone with Sumner Tainter. He
invented an ingenious method of lith.
ography, a photophone, and an in.
diction balance. He invented a tele-
phone probe which he used to locate
the bullet that killed President Gar
field. He spent 15 years and more
the $200,000 in testing his famous te-
trahedral kite, and established a prin-
ciple in architecture, the use of te
trahedral cells or units.
Thorughout his life, Dr. Bell main-
tained his interest and labors for deaf-
mutes. He founded, became presiden
and contributed $250,000 to the Amer-
ican association to promote teaching
of speech to the deaf. He was a mem
ber of many of the leading American
WHAT'S GOING ON
Thursday, August 3
p. m.-Prof. C. 0. Carey lectures on
"Chinese Highways and Byways."
p. m.-Open air performance of
Shakespeare's "The Taming of the
Shrew." The Shakespeare Play-
house company of New York City
(Campus theater). Admission will
Friday, August 4
3:30 p. m.-Open air performance of
Galsworthy's "The Pigeon." The
Shakespeare Playhouse company of
New York City. (Campus theater).
Admission will be charged.
5 p. m.-Prof. N. W. Williams lectures
on "Radio Communications," West
lecture room, Physics laboratory.
Saturday, August 5
8:47 a. m.-Excursion No. twelve-
State Prison and Consumers Power
company, Jackson. Leave At 8:47
a. m., arriving at Jackson at 10 a.
m. Visit prison until noon. Lunch
at 12 o'clock. Spend afternoon with
the Consumers Power company, vis-
iting the electric and gas plants.
8 p. m.-Open air performance of
Barrie's "The Admiral Critchon."
The Shakespeare Playhouse com-
pany of New York City. '(Campus
theater). Admission will be charg-
4 p. m.-Open air performance of
Shakespeare's "Twelfth .Night." The
Shakespeare Playhouse company of
New York City. (Campus theater).
Admission will be charged.
Monday, August 7
5 p. m.-Some Recent Tendencies in
English Politics. Prof. C. D. AllIn,
University of Minnesota.
8 p. m:-Our Sun and Others. (Illus-
trated). Prof. R. H. Curtiss.
Tuesday, August 8
5 p. m.-Paris, Old and New.
French). (Illustrated). A
Prof. E. E. Rovillain.
8 p. m.-Miscellaneous Readings.
Of special interest to Summer School Teachers
and Students. . New titles added daily.
W xH iR' S, BOOKSTORES
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416 S. Main. Ph. 583J i
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