Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
See page 4
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1957
t Sukarno Reported Ready
e Rest, Suffering Exhaustion
ydonesla A) - The national crisisrover ousting the
yesterday and the Indonesian army canceled all
I its troops to remain at hand in their barracks.
arno, a target of assassins' grenades on Nov. 30,
>residential palace circles to be planning to leave
i a week for a rest because of mental and physical
Sukarno Cancels Trip
ida told the Constituent.Assembly Wednesday night
badly in need of a rest but had cancelled a trip
'to' South - America later this
ig at consider-
ull strength the
st night voted
having a Home=
11 send the mat-
ion. The debate
se senators op-
that a queen
ction the senate tabled
a proposed honor sys-
iterary College before
i be taken. Whether
hould be on,an exper-
is, .with 10 per cent
[1 involved, or should
,1 basis, with the en-.
on of the school par-
vere the main issues
'e also discussed de-
which will be sent
d of Directors of the
ood quality In th cafe-
of the recreational
jch as bowling and
ing of Little Club
l the monopoly of
month because of the crisis.
The 56-year-old President, fath-
er of the revolution that won in-
dependence from the Dutch in
'1949,was heavily guarded by 20
armed motorcyclists, eight jeep-
loads of shock troops and two
troop carriers when he went to
the palace in his bullet-proof car.
There was no substantiation of
rumors heard in Amsterdam that
Sukarno had been ousted by a
triumvirate including Premier
Djuanda and the chief of staff,
Maj. Gen. Abdul Harris Nasution
and headed by Mohammed Hatta,j
iformer vice president and Sukar-
no's chief partner in the Indone-
Queries Clog Papers
Amsterdam newspapers were
clogged with queries about reportsj
that the island of Sumatra had
declared its independence and
that fighting had started in Ja-
Singapore dispatches said com-
munications .with Jakarta were!
haphazard, but so far as could
be learned Sukarno was still in
power early Friday.
Permier Djuanda held long con-
ferences with army,, air and navy
heads but the nature of the talks
was not disclosed.,,
Fails To Explain
There was no explanation of the
army's action in keeping troops
confined to their barracks, but
military headquarters bustled with
activity and officers were in battle
The activity coincided with a
warning by Isa Anshary, a leading
member of Masiumi, the biggest
Moslem party, that Indonesia has
been infiltrated by foreign Com-
munists who are seeking to over-
throw the eight-year-old republic.
Communists, he charged, were
trying to make "another Korea"
out of Indonesia and unless check-
ed they would bring a "great
calamity" to the Indonesian people.
The Indonesian canipaign to
squeeze Dutch capital and most
of 'the 46,000 Dutch out of the
country in hops of forcing a sur-
render of West' New Guinea, 'for-'
merly a part of the Netherland
East Indies; threatened a paraly-
sis on the plantations and allied
To NA TO
Ike To Leave Today
For Summit Meeting
WASHINGTON (AP) - Secretary
of State John oster Dulles took
off yesterday for the NATO meet-
ing in Paris and President Dwight
D. Eisenhower prepared to do the
same today. .
Dulles declined to make a de-
parting statement-he usually ha
one for reporters at the airport.
'I am just one of the President's
assistants. I am going now just to
do a little preparatory work before
he gets there."
Eisenhower met yesterday morn-
ing with the National Security
Council and the White House said
it could be assumed that some of
the topics taken up were among
those to be considered at the
summit meeting of the North At-
lantic Treaty Organization.
It was only Tuesday that Eisen-
hower's doctors settled the ques-
tion of whether he would attend
the Paris meeting. They said then
that his progress from his mild
stroke of Nov. 25 was such as to
permit the trip.
Eisenhower is to take off this
afternoon, take part in the NATO
meetings Monday, Tuesday and
Wednesday and fly back Thursd'ay.
A State Department press officer,
Lincoln White, said yesterday there
will be serious consultations with
'United States allies on the letter
sent to Eisenhower by Premier
NEW YORK (A)- Racketeer'
Johnny Dio° was found guilty
early today on extortion and
- He faces a maximum sentence
of 31 years.
DiN was found guilty on the
same charges as was John Mc-
Namara, president of Teamsters
A proposal to establish an Insti-
tute of Science and Technology at
the University will be presented to
the University Board of Regents
at its December meeting today.
/ The Regents will discuss an or-
ganizational outline of the pro-
posed institute, according to a
University spokesman. The meet-
ing is scheduled for 2 p.m. in the
Regents Room of the Administra-
AFL-CIO RE-ELECTS MEANY:
Union Pledges Corruption Purge
REP. GEORGE SALLADE
. asks leadership
By SUSAN HOLTZER
Rep. George W. Sallade (R-Ann
Arbor) last night called for "new
and vigorous leadership in the
state capital" at a meeting of the
Young Republican Club.
Sallade sharply criticized' "con-
ferences of governors that serve
well as a build-up for potential
presidential candidates, but re-
sult in neglect of the more .im-
mediate unpleasantries so self-
evident at home."
Declining mention of specific
names, Sallade said that "politi-
cians remaining too long in of-
fice finally convince themselves of
their own inlispensability."
Leads to Repetition
He said this leads to "repeti-
tious" legislative programs that
"insult 'the intellectual capacities
of the people with their obvious
impracticability and impossible
Sallade said. that re-election of
the same executive officers might
cause "government for two years
by a 'state house guard' while the
chief executive goes delegate-
The Republican party, accord-
ing to Sallade, is facing, a "criti-
cal challenge" in the coming
months. He said the GOP must
demonstrate its capacity for lead-
ership with "concrete remedie of
a positive and constructive na-
ture" and a "sound approach to
stepping up economic develop-
ment" in the state. -
"To win the forthcoming
battle," Sallade said, "the Repub-
lican party needs a candidate who
has sufficiently separated himself
from the special economic inter-
ests that have hung like an alba-
tross around the neck of the GOP.
"At present," he continued,
"none of the so-called party
spokesmen fit this qualification."
Sallade himself is considered a
candidate for the Republican gu-
bernatorial nomination in 1958.
Sallade also outlined briefly his
legislative platform for the 1958
session, stressing his opposition
to any increase in college tuition.
He was strongly in favor o a
$4,000 minimum annual wage for
elementary school teachers and a
one dollar minimum hourly wage
for intra-state business.
In later action at the meeting,
the YR's elected Jerry Lutz, '59,
president for the coming year.
Ron Koss '58D, was clamed vice-
president, Fran Coulon, '59Ed,
treasurer and Barbara An Miller,
'61, and Sharon McKay, '61 were
elected Recording and Corre-
sponding Secretaries, respectively.
ATLANTIC CITY (IP)-The AFL-
CIO yesterday condemned the
Senate Rackets Investigating Com-
mittee as unfair, but pledged a
continuing drive to rid labor's
ranks of corruption.-
The federation wound .up its
convention by re-electing President
George Meany, who called on labor
to "stick to its knitting" in boost-
ing wages and organizing new
If we organize well, if we bar-
gain well," Meany said, "we will
build. up the, standards. Out of
them will flow benefits to thecom-
munity and to society as a whole."
In final actions the convention
ousted the Laundry and Bakery
Workers unions on rackets and
corruption charges. Earlier in the
convention, the Teamsters were
These ousters reduced over-all
AFL-CIO membership from 15 mil-
lion to about 13% million,
A convention resolution blasted
the Senate committee headed by
Sen. John McClellan (D-Ark) for
lack of objectivity and fairness in
its hearings and failing to look for
corruption in business with the
same fervor as in labor.
Find Corruption Small
"Corruption within the Ameri-
can labor movement is but a small
part of the over-all problem in the
whole of our society," the resolu-
"While acknowledging the
wrongdoings of a small 'minority
in the leadership of a few unions
we believe that objectivity requires
recognition that in a society over-
emphasizing material wealth more
corruption will be found in busi-
ness and industry."
The resolution singled out Sens.
Barry M. Goldwater (R-Ariz.),
Carl T. Curtis (R-Neb.) and Karl
E. Mundt (R-S.D,), members of
the McClellan committee, as being
politically motivated in harrassing
"clean and honest unions."
Re-elected with Meany as AFL-
CI officers were Secretary-Treas-
urer William Schnitzler arqd 25
vice presidents. Elected astnew'
vice presidents were Peter T.
Schoemann, Plumbers Union pres-
ident, and Paul L. Phillips, Paper
Meany, in accepting're-election,
said the convention had demon-
strated that while the AFL-CIO is
reluctant to oust corrupt unions
it will do so when there is no
other way to obtain necessar'y re-
Ralph T. Fagan, Laundry Work-I
ers, appealed to the convention in
a futile effort to avoid his union's
M otormen Want Amn'esty
NEW YORK (A)-Striking subway motormen yesterday demanded
full amnesty as their price for ending a crippling four-day walkout.
They also insisted on a voice in collective transit bargaining.
They asked Mayor Robert E. Wagner to meet with them as soon
as possible to discuss their proposal, which they called "a fair basis
for settling the strike."
Offer Amnesty to Motormen'.
Earlier in the day, the Transit Authority offered the motormen
partial amnesty as the strike rapidly lost its impact. More lines were
returning to service and strikers by the score joined a back to work
movement. The strikers turned down the partial amnesty plan, which
would have enabled" the TA to fire
} I r
EW YORK )P)--Gov. Averell
iman, New York, and Gov. G.
nen Williams announced yes-
ay the establishment of a con-
ng governors' conference on
e two said the main purpose
he conference would be "to
nd interstate cooperation to
ect and strengthen the rights
ie announcement came at the
of the first conference of gov-,
rs on civil rights.
ifriman said Williams would
as chairman of the continu-
conference on civil rights. h
resolution spelled out the'
tions of the continuing con-
zce and an interim subcom-
ee headed by Gov. Robert D.
ies, Oregon, as:
Development of procedures
greater cooperation between
s; (2) participation of all
as concerned with the protec-
of "civil rights of all citizens
out regard to race, creed, color
ational origin;" (3) prepara-
of a study "on how our states
others wishing to participate
us can improve protections
vil rights throughstate, inter-
and federal-state action."
Student Government Council
appointed chairmen to its four
standing committees and members
to six others Wednesday.
The Council selected Jean
Scruggs, '58, as chairman of the
National and International Affairs
Committee, *with Carol Holland,
'60, as associate 'chairman; Ron
Gregg, '60, Education and Social
Welfare C'ommittee chairman, with
Mort Wise, '59, associate chair-
Dan Belin, '60, was selected Stu-
dent Activities chairman with Jo
Hardee, '60, associate chairman;
and Sue Rockne, '60, Public Rela-
tions chairman, with Bert Getz,
'59 BAd., advisor.
The Council also named Belin,
Lois Wurster, '60, and Phil Zook,
'60, to the University Housing
Committee; Miss Scruggs, Getz
and Linda Rainwater, '60, to the
Campaigning Commnittee; and
Gregg and Nelson Sherburne, '59,
to the Self Liquidating Committee
of the residence halls.
Getz. was also° named to the
Driving Regulations Administra-'
tive Board. Miss Rockne was ap-
pointed to the Student Relations
Committee of the Development
Council. Miss Rainwater and SGC
Treasurer Maynard Goldman, '59,
were chosen t'o serve on the Re-
gional Executive Committee of the
SGC selected Irwin Gage, '60,
as Personnel Director and Audrey
Cook, '60, Office Manager.
some of the motormen with' the
approval of an impartial referee.
"We shall not accept a take-it-
or-leave-it proposal," said strike
counsel Louis Waldman. "We shall
only accept one which is just for
The strikers demanded a guar-
antee of no reprisals of any kind,
representation on a contract nego-
tiation committee and the right to
administer any collective bargain-
ing agreement for themselves.
Ask for Postponemient
They also asked that a bargain-
ing election scheduled for the
transportation system next Mon-
dany be postponed.
Cheering and applauding, the
strikers unanimously adopted the
Over-all, service on the subways
was back to 611/2 per cent of nor-
mal, almost twice as good as it
was Tuesday at the height of the
strike.. Above and below ground,
the chaos that had gripped the
crippled city was subsicding.
Petitioning 'for membership on
the Literary College Steering Com-
mittee is now open and will con-
tinue until Dec. 20, according to
Leslie Dietz, '58, committee chair-
Petition forms are available in
Dean James H. Fobertson's office;
1220 Angell Hall. Appointments for
interviews will be announced after
the Christmas recess.
All students in the literary col-
lege are eligible to petition.
U.S. Court Grants Deferment
T Stuent As 'objeetor'
A University student, accused of draft dodging, convinced a
United States District Judge today in Detroit that he should be
exempted from service in the armed forces as a conscientious objec-
tor, despite the fact that he belongs to no organized religion.
Peter S. Horst, '57, said he refused to be drafted because it would
violate his concept of love toward his fellow man - including an
Federal Judge Ralph M. Freeman granted a motion for a judg-
ment of acquittal, saying that he could find no rational evidence sup-
porting the action of the National Selective Service Appeal Board
in refusing to give Horst status
By JOHN WEICHER
Petitions for Joint Judiciary
Council may be. taken out now,
according to Bob Stahl, '58, Joint
Five one-year terms on Joint
Judic will ,be open, Stahl said. At
least two of these five must be
filled by 'women students.: Peti-
tions may be picked up in the Stu-
dent Activities Building from the
Office of Student Affairs. They
are due' Jan. 7.
Interviews for the posts will be
held in the evenings' from Jan. 7-9.
Interviews will be conducted by
three officers each from Joint
Judio and Student - Government
Council. Selections are subject to.
review- by SGC.
Applicants for the positions must
be at least second-semester sopho-
mores who are academically eligi-
ble. Graduate students are also
eligible, Stathl said.
Joint 4udic meets one evening a
week to handle violations of Uni-
versity regulations by both indi-
viduals and groups. It serves as
the supreme court of the campus,
hearing cases which are appealed
to it from lower judiciary councils.
It, acts as a 'group ;of "student
"peers" having ;anunderstanding
of the student's responsibility to
the University. It also supervises'
Positions on Joint Judie require
students who can reason intel-
ligently on particular infractions
of university regulations, and are
loyal to the University's good
name, Stahl said,
Joint Judic does not sit as a
court; rather it hears cases in
which 'violations have usually al-
ready been established and deter-
mines the seriousness of the of-
fense and the punishment.
It renders immediate decisions
on first offenses; while second of-
fense rulings must be approved by
the subcommittee on discipline,
composed of faculty and adminis-
Critieism in Spe
WASHINGTON P- On
Army's top- missilenen° sa
terday, in a ,Pentagon-c
speech, that Russia will gi
effective weapons ,as a re
the Sputnik launchings. r,
Defense Department re
chopped out of Brig. Gen..
Barclay's prepared speech
ceeding passage in which h
of a united States tendency
fine military research too n
to specific weapon developn
He called this a "dead-e
4Barclay is deputy comma
the Army Balliptic Missile .
Huntsville, Ala., where th
stone and Jupiter missiles e
duced, along with the exper
Jupiter-C which is to be '
the Army effort to launch
He spoke before the N8
Security Industrial Assn.
Deletions in Barclay's
were ordered after advance
had been distributed tc
An aide said the gener
mitted the text for review
week ago and got word We
night that two passages we:
.e observed the cuts, but
reworded the remaining
express his ideas in less er
SBarclay said many int
factors contributed to the I
satellite success, but he not
"proven and developed s .
from military missile syste
used to provide the propulsl
tem to carry a sclentifcpa
the. scientific findings'
this program will in turn c
ute to the effctiveness of
weapons systems." he said.
Flanders (R-Vt.) urged ye
that James R. Killian be
full charge ,of the United
missile program, with noboc
Killian, president of th4
sachusetts Institute of Ti
ogy, is on leave from his
sity post and serving as
dent Eisenhwer' special
tant for science and tech
Flanders contended Killi
been put in the wrong pla
argument, presented at a
conference, was that Killia
be boxed in by the secre
defense, the Joint Chefs c
and other Pentagon offici
Another question of au
arose at the Defense Dep
Wednesday When Deputy
tary Donald Quarles disclos
the Air Force has been a:
delay establishing its new
torate of Astronautics."
The directorate, charge
tackling the many proble
space warfare, was createc
Air Force directive issued
day. Quarles was asked b
men whether he objected
Asks for Time
Quarles replied: "We
them to wait until we h
thing lined up."
"I don't know that they
established the directorate
have no comment," Quar
E plied, then stepped into a
and headed off for the
conference in Paris.
?i Lambda Phi .fraternity is
:ng no part in sponsoring the
earance of entertainer Tom
hier here January 11.a
Che fraternity decided more
n a week ago not to sponsor
irer when it learned that it
ght be violating University regu-
ions in doing so, according to
as a conscientious objector.
Horst's request for exemption
as a conscientious objector had
been denied by his draft board in
Kalamazoo and the Michigan
State Appeal Board in addition to
the National Board.
Horst, 25 years old, testified
that he acquired a personal moral
code through wide reading in phil-
osophical and theological fields.
He said that he was willing to ac-
cept five year's imprisonment
rather than compromise his prin-
"Personally, I feel that this
young man is badly misguided,"
Freeman said. "It is fortunate forj
all of tis that his opinions are not
general among all the young men
of our country. There would be
nothing left for us - not even a
way of life if his opinions were
shared by all men his age."
By LEWIS COBURN
Meeting the Soviet threat in
natural science is the United
States' "immediate problem," but
the social sciences should not be
overlooked, Prof. Frank Grace of
the political science department
Speaking at a Michigan Forensic
Forum discussion of "How Will
Sputnik Influence the Future of
Liberal Arts Education?" Prof.
trace expressed the hope that
natural science won't become the
"tail that wags the academic dog."
He said he was not sure social
science in this country has been
of an Ohio school which formerly
had four physics classes but now
has one. The blame, Prof. Angell
said, rested partially on parents
and school administrators.
He urged citizens to "get after"
their school boards to improve
Commenting on a tendency to be
concerned solely with the practical
value of subjects, Prof. Grace noted
that questions such as "What can
you do with pol-itical science?" are
Both he and Prof. Angell said
courses in the social sciences have
OVEREMPHASIZE NATURAL SCIENCE:
ocial Sciences Still Important Says 'U' Professor