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November 17, 1957 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1957-11-17

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"They Keep Disintegrating"

Sixty-Eighth Year
. I- EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OMICHIGAN
Ven Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
DAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: DAVID TARR
Castles, Cannons, .Catapults
Alleory ofAmerica's Ruin

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To Thfe Editor
Rehash of SGC Elections . . .
To The Editor:
SHOULD LIKE to take issue with the editorial column by Richard
Taub in Friday's paper, entitled "Organized Support Helps Win SGC
Elections."
First of all, Mr. Taub nowheff defined what was meant by "organ-
ized support." Obviously, he didn't just mean support in the form of
votes.
Since the only breakdown by groups in the ensuing discussion was
in terms of residence groups, one might assume that this is the organ-

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ONCE UPON A TIME, not very long ago and
in a land not very far away, there were two
nassive castles.
They stood on opposing sides of a wide river,
5ne fortress flying the flag of the eagle and the
ether sporting the emblem of the bear. Every
Lay, some knights from the land of the bear
vould climb to their castle walls to glare or
'ell insults at the people living in the land of
he eagle. Occasionally, they would even blow
heir bugles and flex their bows.
At first, the recipients tried to turn the other
far to the noise that was directed at them, but
oon, they too began yelling at the other side.
Things were nt always like this in that land
iot very far away. Once, a short time before
he bear and the eagle were fri ns and they
yen had fought together to defeat the big
ilonde warriors wearing the emblem of the
volf, who had invaded the land of the bears.
-owever, after the knights of the wolf were
esoundingly defeated and their land was oc-
:upied by. the victorious allies, the friendship
egan fading.
The people in the land of the eagle were
rosperous and rather happy. The harvests
irought surpluses which they shared with other
astles whose fields were trampled during the
var, the mills were humming efficiently and
he shoemakers were very busy.
R UT THE LEADERS of those living under the
standard of the bear sneered at all this.
[hey knew their people were barefoot and the
#ops often failed, and many tried to escape
Lcross the river, but they basically had a much
fetter society, in which all, people shared
xqually, and even the women could work.
It wa'.really such a good system, they
bought, that they had already pursuaded
neighboring castles on their side of the river to
o things the same way, and now they were
rying to install the same system across the
And so, they shouted about the evils of the
eople in the land of the eagle and the good
omradeship of those living under the emblem
Af the bear. But also, they kept their knights
n armor and made sire their swords stayed
harp.
Across the river, the people in the land of the
agle thought their system was good ... after
k11, they had plenty of food and everybody wore
hoes. But they weren't too concerned about
preading their system to other castles. Let
hem decide for themselves, they said, taking
ff their armor and beating their swords into
ows.
Also, the people from the land of the bear
ouldn't really hurt them. A wide river sepa-
ated them and besides, the eagle people were
nuch more advanced and 'had much better
veapons.
For during the war with the people from the
and of the wolf, they had built many catapults.
With these, they could propel big stones long
listances, even across the river. Most im-
>ortant, their alchemists had discovered, during
he war, the secret of firewater. It was possible
o hurl clay jars of the liquid which would
xplode upon impact and kill more than just
me person with each stone.
Of course they knew they couldn't keep, the
ecret away from the land of the bear forever,
>ut there would still be enough time to stock-
>ie many clay jars and develop more efficient
tapults.
ALSO, HOW COULD A PEOPLE who didn't
even grow enough food or make enough
hoes be a threat? After all, their standard of
lving was much lower and therefore they
ouldn't be very smart.
So, the people in the land of the eagle kept
ewer knights in armor and placidly went about
he business of growing crops and making
hoes. One day, they heard the rumble of an
xplosion across the river and deduced that
he secret of fire water was no longer exclu-

sively theirs. Soon enough, the knights from
the land of the bears began shouting about
their fire water and their catapults.
Even when they heard that the people from
the land of the bear had also discovered the
secret of fire water, they took comfort when
King Like told his people that they too were
learning new things that would help keep the
edge of superiority over those across the river.
Under the direction of his head.knight, Sir
Charles E. Will-He-Put-His-Foot-in-the-
Mouth, the land's sorcerers were working to
develop something called a cannon. It would be
a fantastic new weapon, much better than
catapult because it could, when perfected shoot
faster, farther,"'and kill more people. Some day,
far in the future, sorcerers predicted, it would
be possible to fight a war merely by lighting a
fuse.
OF COURSE the sorcerers in the land of the
bears were also trying to develop the can-
non, but no one seemed too worried about them.
After all, they couldn't even make a good pair
of shoes. So the budget for cannon research
in the land of the eagles was kept small and
the work was done slowly.
Then, suddenly, the impossible happened!
The clear blue sky above the river was punctu-
ated by a white cloud of smoke visible all over
the land. The bears had fired a cannon high
into the sky.
Fearfully, the people in the castle of the
eagle milled around. What happened, what
was the meaning of this, they asked each one
of their alchemists and sorcerers. But even the
learned men disagreed. Some warned "If they'
can fire into the sky, they can fire across the
river at us."
"We're years behind them," others declared.
"Train more sorcerers; improve our schools,"
suggested a few.
"I told you so," .jeered those who didn't like
King Like.
"Give the sorcerers more money," suggested
a few.
"Investigate and see who's to blame," cried
the wise men in the long beards.
Even King Like seemed concerned. He
stopped saying everything is all right and
decided to talk to all his knights and people,
hoping to calm their fears.
Things aren't ,eally so bad, he said. The
cannons still have to be perfected and the
land of the eagle still has lots of catapults
and a big stock pile of firewater jars, the King
pointed out..
HOWEVER, HE ACKNOWLEDGED, it dd
seem time to spend more money on cannon
development and even step up the training
program for alcemists. He even had his new
chief knight, Sir Neil Macaronie, stiffen up
the research program and appoint a cannon
coordinator to make sure too many people
didn't work on too many ideas for cannon de-
sign.
The sky wasn't completely dark, the King
said, even after the people from the land of
the bear sent a second cloud of smoke into the
sky.
After all, it was still the age of the catapult,
and to convince the people, King Like had his
top catapult expert, Sir Curb Lemay parade
them around in front of the castle and even
fire some soft bales of hay to show the weapons
were still dangerous.
Sir Lemay told a group of scribes that "It is
my personal opinion that there will be a place
for the catapult for a long time to come. The
first generation of cannon will not be as
effective as catapults, and the land of the
eagle is interested in getting the best weapons
possible."
. . And he was right. For many years
thereafter, the catapult occupied a prominent
place in the museum that the people from the
land of the bear built upon the ruins of the
castle of the eagle.
-,MICHAEL KRAFT

ized support referred to. In that
Collins, serves to refute, not to
support, Mr. Taub's contention,
since Mr. Collins has lived in off-
campus housing with exactly four
mer. for the past two years.
However, I guess he didn't nmean
individual housing units by "or-
ganized support," since he said of
three of the defeated candidates
that they, "although possibly ac-
tive in their own fraternities, are
not on IFC."
Now, if he meant that the IHC
supported Goldman and Belin, the
IFC supported Getz, and Pan-
hellenic supported Miss Rainwater
and Miss Wurster, why didn't he
say so?
IN ANOTHER of his comments
on SGC representation. Mr. Taub's
mathematics are intriguing. He
says the Alpha Xi Delta's and
Sigma Chi's, with only .65 per cent
of the people on campus in their
houses, "control" 5 of the 18 votes
on SGC.
Accepting the implicit, though
dubious, assumptions that: 1) the
members of the two houses think
alike on any given issues, both
among themselves and with the
other house; and 2) the members
of the house in fact do "control"
the votes of the elected representa-
tives and ex-officios on the Coun-
cil, we are led to some interesting
comparisons.
Ideally, given the theory of
living unit control of SGC votes,
there should be 18 large living
units of 1277 members, each
having one vote on the Council.
something, short of that ideal re-
presentation wherein each student
controls exactly his share of the
power on SGC: one-one thousand
two hundred- and seventy-seventh
of a vote.
IF THERE ARE 150 Sigma Chis
and Alpha Xi Deltas combined,
and they "control" five votes, then
each member of one of those
houses controls one-thirtieth of
a vote, which Mr. Taub says
"throws any theory of representa-
tion into a cocked hat."
Only last year, Joe Collins and
Lew Engman lived together in a
house of four, meaning four people
controlled two votes, a situation-
which under this theory would be
15 times as deplorable.
I realize that analyzing SGC
election results is largely a guess-
ing game, and that there is room
for different interpretations. But
if one is to make his interpreta-

case, the first example listed, Joe
tions publicly (which is of dubious
value), then he must make defi-
nite, not implied, conclusions, and
back them up with. logical con-
sistency.
-Janet Neary '58
In a Stew . ..
To the Editor:
I HAVE SPENT the past couple
hours working up a stew, and I
now offer you a taste. The ingredi-
ents consist of the contents .of the
article in the latest Life regarding
the declining popularity and status
of college football players.
Whether or not the grid star has
lost his role of idol to the average
undergrad and coed is debatable.
My'thesis is that there is no justi-
fication for this decline.
One of the major accusations
was that the animalistic ball-
player is ostracized by the student
because of his inability to discuss
subjects of the more deeply intel-
lectual type.
Will "Joe Bookworm" please re-
member that "Mr. Touchdown"
devotes roughly three hours of his
day to activities directly concerned
with the practice session, and often
several more to skull sessions,
treatment of injuries, etc. At in-
stitutions where he is expected to
maintain a .respectable scholastic
standing, "Varsity Bill" will prob-
ably have to spend most of his
non-football hours keeping up with
his classmates in this direction.
Here the question arises-is the
man who devotes most of his time,
effort, and interest to athletic
activities any less well prepared to
take his place as a responsible citi-
zen in the non-campus world than
the science or literary enthusiast?
Is intellectualism necessarily the
key to success in world service?
First of all, it seems reasonable
to remind ourselves that . football
is every bit as much a mental
activity as it is physical. Can men-
tal attributes such as loyalty, per-
severance, courage, decisiveness,
foresight, give-and-take, coopera-
tion, mental and physical hygiene;
honesty, and self-confidence -be
developed better in a library, a
bar, a fraternity living room, or
around a bridge table than they
can be on the athletic field, which
to me is the ideal laboratory in
which to learn to live?
-John H. Nordlinger, Grad.

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WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
UnionySues for $1
By DREW PEARSON

THE MAIL ORDER house of
Sears, Roebuck, one of the big-
gest retail corporations in the
world, is in for a $10-million dam-
age suit. It's being brought by the
Retail Clerks International Asso-
ciation on the charge that Sears,
Roebuck used Nathan Shefferman,
gift-giving friend of Dave Beck
and Jimmy Hoffa, to block union
organization.
The Retail Clerks, who have
suspected certain big retail estab-
lishments were playing ball with
the Teamsters, now have the evi-
dence with which to go to court.
The Senate racket hearings caused
Wallace Tudor, Sears, Roebuck
vice-president, to admit that the
firm's practices in hiring Nathan
Shefferman were "inexcusable, un-
necessary and disgraceful."
In 1953, a National Labor Rela-
tions Board examineruruled that
Sears, Roebuck should bargain
collectively with the Retail Clerks.
This was ignored. So in addition to
the $10-million damage suit, James
Suffridge, head of the Clerks, will
move before the NLRB to force
Sears, Roebuck to do what was
recommended four years ago.
* * *
OSWALDO ARANHA once spent
a year in the saddle and sleeping
out on the pampas of southern
Brazil, leading a revolution. The
-revolution was successful, and he
and the late Getulio Vargas became
leaders of a new Brazilian govern-
ment which remained in office 20
years.
Aranha came to the United
States as ambassador, mingled
with congressmen, attended the
Presidential conventions, drove all
over the west, became a great
rooter for American-Brazilian
friendship, finally went back to
become Brazilian foreign minister.
Though retired from active poli-
tics, Aranha is back in New York
as head of the Brazilian delegation
to the United Nations Assembly.

He has been to the UN before, once
was elected president of the As-
sembly.
Still a great friend of the United
States, despite our current lack of
interest in Latin America, Aranha
believes that friendship carries ob-
ligations.
"If the United States doesn't
lead on the American continent,"
he says, "other nations will. Al-
ready, Venezuela has established
a fund to loan to other Latin
American nations. Hitherto, we
looked to the United States for
this kind of help."
Ten years ago, Aranha presided
over the UN Assembly when the
question of Palestine and Israel
werebdebated. This spring, Israel
will be 10 years old.
"The leading nations should
liake a flat statement that Israel
is here to stay, advises the Brazil-
ian statesman. "Too many Arab
nations believe to the contrary,;
and there will be no real peace
in the Near East until they treat
Israel as a permanent member of
the Near East family of nations."
* * *
WASHINGTON is watching as-
tute new Attorney General Rogers
to see whether he lifts the secrecy
lid clamped on the Justice Depart-
ment by his predecessor, Herbert
Brownell.
When he retired, Brownell had
not held a press conference for
two years. He ordered his subordi-
nates not to talk to reporters; also
refused to cooperate with congress-
men; and withheld files from Sen.
Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn.) in the
U. S. Steel case, Sen. Joe O'Ma-
honey (D-Wyo.) in the Middle
East oil investigation, and Con-
gressman Emanuel Celler (D-N.Y.)
in the American Telephone and
Telegraph case.
Most shocking was Brownell's
refusal to so much as define the
instruction the Justice Department
gave the FBI in the oil-pipeline

probe. This was requested by Con-
gressman James Roosevelt (D-
Calif.), whose committee later got
the information from subpoenaed
company correspondence.
A letter written by J. L. Burke,
president of Service Pipeline, own-
ed by Standard Oil of Indiana, re-
vealed that an FBI agent had
turned over the Justice Depart-
ment's full instructions to Burke
to pass on to his superiors.
MADDEST MAN in Europe over
the purge of Marshal Zhukov is
perhaps not Zhukov himself, but
his friend in Yugoslavia, Marshal
Tito.
The ruler of Yugoslavia is simply
sizzling. He says it's the second
time within a year that Khrush-
chev in the Kremlin has double-
crossed him in Belgrade.
The first time was when the
Russians arrested Hungarian Pre-
mier Nagy after he had taken
refuge in the Yugoslavian Embassy
in Budapest last year. Tito offered
Nagy asylum with the intention of
saving him, but found he was over-
ruled by the Kremlin. Nagy was
removed by superior Russian force.
The second double-cross came
when Zhukov, visiting in Belgrade,
persuaded Tito to recognize East
Germany. This was the last thing
Tito wanted to do. Hitherto he has
been considered the spiritual, leader
of the satellite countries. They
have looked to him for guidance in
winning independence from Mos-
cow. So, when he recognized East
Germany, he knocked the props
out from under his own leadership.
It was Marshal Zhukkov who
turned on the heat, persuaded Tito
to take his step. Then, shortly after
Zhukov returned to Moscow, he
was purged.
So Tito is furious. He doesn't
seem to learn that it doesn't pay
to do business with the Kremlin.
(copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)

DAILY OFFICIALBULLETIN

#I 'I

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 54
General Notices
President and Mrs. Hatcher will hold
open house for students at their' home
Wed., Nov. 20 from 4:00 to 6:00 p.m.
Lectures
The International Center presents a
series of free illustrated travel talks as
a community service. Part I in the
series is "Report: Africa." On Sun.,

INTEGRATION RESISTANCE SOLIDIFIES:
Reaction to Little Rock Felt in Deep South

Stevenson Appointment

Nov. 17 Henry L. Bretton, assistant pro-
fessor of political science, and S.G.O.
President J. Joseph Collins will present
"Emerging New Nations of West Afri-
ca; Ghana and Nigeria," showing color
films and slides. 7:30 p.m., Aud. B, An-
gell Hall.
Concerts
Student Recital: Ann Holtgren, senior
in the School of Music majorinj in
Music Education, will perform works by
Paul Cooper, Paul Dukas, Johann Wen-
zel Stich, and Gordon Jacob, at 8:30
p.m. Sun., Nov. 17, in Aud. A, Angell
Hall. Miss Holtgren studies French horn
with Clyde Carpenter, and during her
recital will be assisted by Linda Reek,
piano, Jane Flowers, violin, Elizabeth
Lichty, viola, and Arthur Follows, cello.
Academic Notices
The Extension Service' announces
that there are still a few openings in
the following class to be held in Ann
Arbor, beginnign Tues., Nov. 19:
Efficient Reading II, 7:00 p.m., 524 Uni-
versity Elementary School, 8 weeks,
$13.50. Rosemary Nagel, instructor.
Registration for this class may be
made in the Extension Service office at
1610 Washtenaw Avenue during Uni-
versity office hours.
Sociology 60 (Marriage): for students
kin all sections (including previous se-
mesters), optional question-and-an-
swer sessions with Professor Blood in
Room 429, Mason Hall, Tues., Nov. 19,
8:30 p.m. and Wed., Nov. 20, 4:00 p.m.
The latter session is designed primarily
for engaged and married students.
Political Science Roundtable Tues.,
Nov. 19, at'8:00 p.m. in the Rackham
Assembly Hall. Discussion by Professors
Robert Ward, Henry Bretton, and
George Grassmuck, with Prof. Roy
Pierce, moderator. All are from the Po-
litical Science Department. The topic
is "Urban-Rural; Patterns in the Poli-
tics of Japan, West Africa, and the
Arab States." Refreshments.
Doctoral Examination for Werner
Lowenthal, Pharmaceutical Chemistry;
thesis: "Formulations for Compression
Coated Tablets," Mon., Nov. 18, 2525
Chemistry Bldg., at 2:00 p.m. Chairman,
A. M. Mattocks.
Doctoral Examination for Gordon
Spencer Dean, Pharmaceutical Chem-
istry; thesis: "Antispasmodics: Substi-
tuted beta-Phenyl-gamma-Hydroxypro-
pylamines and Thiazole Analogs of
Meperidine," Tues., Nov. 19, 2525 Chem-
istry Bldg., at 2:00 p.m. Chairman, F. F.

THE RAISED EYEBROWS that accompanied
Adlai Stevenson's appointment to an ad-
visory post on the United States NATO delega-
tion are perfect proof of one of the fundamental
problems of the presidential, political party,
form of government-the enormous waste of
manpower.
It is significant that the appointment of an
election loser by the head of the opposing party
should cause such surprise, for the sharp line
between the Democratic and Republican parties
is one that is rarely crossed, no matter how
pressing the situation. Thus, when a candidate
loses an election, he can do nothing but sit '
down and wait for four years.
This should not be. When a man has reached
a position of influence high enough to be
nominated for president by a party, it must
be assumed that he has an absolute minimum
of one-third of the country behind him. He
must be well-informed, politically powerful and
at least fairly capable, and these are attributes
the government cannot afford to let remain

though he does not reach the top post. His
talents are not lost to the country.
In America, a presidential election loser does
not remain in his former position, and yet,
paradoxically, he does remain titular head of
his party. In such a situation, he 'owes allegi-
ance to none but his own party.
THIS IS ONE of the basic causes of that
odious thing called "playing politics." Of
course a man will "play politics" when he has
absolutely no responsibility to the existing
administration and no hand in current political
policies.
This is what has happened to Adlai Steven-
son. The post he accepted is a far less im-
portant, less influential one than the post
originally offered him by the President. The
original one he turned down.
He turned it down at the behest of the
Democratic party. He turned it down because
the Democrats did not wish to be connected
with any facet of administration policy, pre-

By RELMAN MORIN
Associated Press Staff Writer
ECHOES of Little Rock are
still thundering through the
Deep South today and authorities
everywhere see three major effects
on the anguished question of de-
segregating the schools. They are:
1) A definite hardening of the
determination of many Southern-
ers to resist the Supreme Court
order. People tell you they were
prepared, reluctantly, to accept in-
tegration before but now are ready
to battle to the bitter end to
avoid it. Tempers are edgy.
A judge in one city said, "I'm
really afraid people would be kill-
ed here ii they try to push integra-
tion at this time,"
*' * *
2) AS A RESULT, there is wide-
spread talk of a "cooling off"
period. Southerners believe -per-
haps wishfully-that Little Rock
will cause proponents of integra-
tion to postpone new petitions for

Today, the other points of view
are emerging. Men who were si-
lent before on the moral and so-
cial aspects of the problem are
finding the courage to speak out.
Along with this, there are rd-
ports of economic boycotts aimed
at the Negro, new state laws to
preserve segregation, -and much
discussion, pro and con, of the
desirability of deserting the Demo-
cratic party and forming a new
one.
*, * *
THE EVENTS that swirled
around a single high school in
Little Rock last September are
reflected across the South today
in these dissimilar forms-
In Decatur, Ga., a printed leaf-
let, unsigned, addresses itself to
all whites, including doctors and
housewives as well as business-
men. It says:
"If you continue to employ even
one Negro, you shall be labelled
a renegade white. The whites shall

With apparent confidence, Mrs.
Ruby Hurley, Southeastern region-
al director of the NAACP, says
today, "Segregation is dead."
"Maybe so," say the officers of
the Southern Regional Council, a
research group working to im-
prove race relations, "but it's go-
ing to take a long time to lie
down."
So, in many ways, the shadow of
Little Rock - especially the use
of federal troops to enforce inte-
gration there - lies heavily over
the Deep South. Southerners
quietly tell you that this is all too
reminiscent of the tragic days of
the Reconstruction.
THE PICTURE varies from
place to place.
For example, people tell you
there are parts of Georgia where
they will never - and they mean
just that -accept integration.
But in Atlanta, although it is

"The General Assembly is ab-
solutely adamant that there will
be no integration in Georgia. State
law permits us to close the schools.
They (the federal government)
know they can't make us levy a
tax to operate a school. There's
no necessity for sending troops
to a school where the doors are
closed."
2) Segregationist organizations
appear to have been given a big
lift by Little Rock. Their leaders,
in some cases, candidly admit that
membership had been dropping off
before.
3) Reports of economic boycot-
ting of Negroes appear to be true,
although hard to pin down.
4) MRS. HURLEY said she did
not know about the substance of
reports of a "cooling off" period
now, during which no further pe-
titions to integrate will be filed.
"It depends on the attitude of

*

I

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