IT'S UP TO 'U
See page 4
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
GMt'V *t: nc
. LXVIII, No. 41
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1957
Reds Launch New Moon
LONDON (R -Moscow radio announced today that
Russia's second earth satellite has been launched into
outer space with a dog aboard.
A brief Tass announcement gave no details.
In Tokyo, the Japan Broadcasting Co. quoted Mos-
cow radio as saying the satellite was of the same type
but eight times as heavy as that launched on Oct. 4 and
* broadcasts signals on the same frequency.
Syria In Danger'
Concentrations of Turkish Troops
Cited by Soviet Delegation in UN
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. OP)-Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei A.
Gromyko said yesterday Syria is still in danger from Turkish troop
concentrations on her border.
He also declared, in a statement issued by his UN delegation, that
"Syria would pot be alone in her struggle if she were attacked."
The statement broke the silence Gromyko had kept since Soviet
Communist leader Nikita S. Khrushchev Tuesday night went to a
Moscow Turkish Embassy party as a "gesture toward peace" and said,
"There will be no war."
Syrian Foreign Minister Salah Bitar told a news conference Friday
Khrushchev's remark did not put his mind at ease. He said Turkish
WASHINGTON () - The De-
fense Department is trying to head'
off new rivalry among the armed
forces; .this time in development.
of a missile to combat ballistic
The necessity of creating a de-
fense weapon which can counter
the ballistic missile is even more
critical than the perfection of the
offensive weapons themselves.
And it is vastly more difficult,
To gain control of a race be-
tween the Army and the Air Force
in the antimissile missile (AMM)
field before it gets out of hand,
Defense Department officials are
reported mulling over the possi-
bility of appointing a "czar" to
coordinate the projects.
The Army is launched on its
Zeus project, the Air Force on the
Actually, the two services are
working together, through a com-
-.mon contractor, on at least one
phase of the AMM program, al-
though each is pushing ahead
with its own general concept of
an antimissile weapon system.
There have been demands in
some quarters, including critics in
Congress, that the administration
name a czar for the diverse efforts
to create long' and intermediate
range ballistic missiles (IRBM).
NEW YORK ()-The two larg-
est railroads in the United States,
buffeted by economic storms, are
huddling on a possible merger.
The Pennsylvania and the New
York Central electrified the rail-
road industry Friday by announc-
ing they had initiated studies
pointing toward consolidating into
) Behind that blunt announce-
ment were several economic facts
which have plagued the two giant
rails with increasing intensity
since the end of World War II.
Air, barge and auto competition
Tight money has made it diffi-
cult for the roads to borrow to ac-
quire needed new equipment.
Further, 'the future is hazard-
ous. The nation is embarking on
a vast national highway program.
These developments affect East-
ern railroads more severely than
lines in other sections of the coun-
4troops on Syria's border.still en-
Bitar spoke a few hours after
the UN General Assembly laid
aside Syria's complaint that Tur-
kish forces were massed on the
frontier for imminent attack.
Gromyko, echoing Bitar's
thoughts, said, "The danger which
Syria faces has not yet been re-
"The Turkish troops concen-
trated near the border are not
withdrawn... The United Nations
should be on the alert."
He said the Soviet Union had
"stood up resolutely in the defense
of Syria" and support of her com-
He claimed the Assembly debate
had exposed United States instiga-
tion of Turkish "aggressive acts
against Syria," discredited the
"Dulles-Eisenhower doctrine" and
rallied the Arab countries behind
WASHINGTON (R)-Sen. Wil-
liam Fulbright (D-Ark.) said yes-
terday he fears the next session of
Congress may be "practically im-
mobilized" on pressing domestic
and foreign problems by renewed
controversy over civil rights.
Sen. Fulbright, a member of the
Foreign Relations Committee and
chairman of the Banking Com-
mittee, said in an interview he
looks for intrqduction of a series
of bills aimed at enforcing racial
integration in the schools and pub-
lic places throughout the South.
"I am afraid that if this course
is followed Congress is going to
be practicaly immobilized while we
have another battle over civil
rights," he said.
"We have some vastly more im-
portant things to do than to spend
our time wrangling over civil
rights, including catching up with
the Russians' Sputnik and their
"I would hate to think that such
importantchairmen as Sen. Rich-
ard Russel (D-Ga.) and Rep. Carl
Vinson (D-Ga.) would be forced
to divide their attention between
the nation's military needs and
the civil rights controversy.
Hawkeyes' Huge Line
Halts 'M' in Last Half
By JIM BARD
For two and one half hours yes-
terday Michigan and Iowa fought
it out on the gridiron but neither
could prove one the master of the
other as the game ended in a tie,
At least 30 million television
viewers and 90,000 cheering fans
saw Michigan smash Iowa for one
half and Iowa smash Michigan for
At half time the game seemed
to be in the control of the ap-.
parently superior Wolverines.
They had riddled the visitors with
passes after suffering a momen-
tary setback and were well ahead,
Iowa Controls Second Half
The whole scene reversed, how-
ever, after the bands gala be-
tween-halves extravaganza. Iowa
came roaring out of the locker-
room to run all over Michigan
with two touchdowns and a de-
fense that stopped the seemingly
staggered Wolverines cold.
Since neither team could put
two good halves together, it was
a standoff - nothing was really
For the Iowa players though,
the game was no doubt somewhat
of a moral victory. They were the
ones who came from behind, and
finally, after four long years they
can walk away from the game
knowing that they didn't lose to
Hawkeye Line Harasses 'M' Back
Early in the game, Iowa had
Michigan stymied with its eight
man line. It not only halted the
first two Michigan drives before
they got going, but it contributed
largely to the Hawkeyes' first
Iowa was rushing so effectively
that Jim Van Pelt had little time
to throw. On a third down situa-
tion Hawkeye tackle Alex Karras
hit Van Pelt while his arm was
cocked. As the quarterback was
falling, end Jim Gibbons knocked
the ball out of Van Pelt's hands
and fell on it on the Michigan
nine yard line.
With only nine yards to go, Iowa
marched to the games opening
score in four plays and a penalty
with fullback John Nocera taking
Pace Scores on Runback
In the second quarter, Michigan
was touched off on a three touch-
down scoring spree by a brilliant
See "IOWA" Page 2
BLOOMINGTON, Ind. (P-Chief
Justice Earl Warren said yesterday
the greatest problem today is that
of adapting our democratic insti-
tutions to precedent-shattering
changes of this age. .
Warren spoke at the dedication
of Indiana University's new law
"To a very large extent," he
said, "this adaptation falls upon
the legal institutions of our na-
tion, for it is there that the frame-
work of business and society
should be evaluated with the con-
stitutional safeguards of our gov-
REDEEMS HIMSELF-After dropping an. easy interception on the previous play, Michigan's fleet
left-halfback, Jim Pace (43), took in an Iowa punt on the Michigan 35 and sped down the sidelines,
dodging and swerving around potential tacklers to even the score at 7-7.
Michigan, Iowa Contest
Has Thrills, Frustration
By RICHARD TAUB
The Wolverines were beaten by Iowa yesterday.
Well . . . the scoreboard read 21-21, but for most of the 90
thousand fans, the Wolverines had lost.
"It's all so frustrating," a co-ed commented to her slightly
inebriated date. "It would have been better if we had lost."
The moods of the crowd in the second and third quarters were a
study in contrast. The second quarter wis a time of real excitement
for the home team rooters. Wild screams of excitement, back pounding,
as well as looks of sheer rhapsody could be seen and heard as Jim
Pace ran back a punt for a touch-i
Many a bewildered "Dad" visit-
ing To Open
ing the campus for a sororityt
fathers' day, found himself bat-
tered by his daughter and her
mi Presidiu m
Somebody grabbed an old hat
and it floated frisbee-like over
the end zone seats of the stadium.
Somebody with a trumpet alter-
nated bugle calls-"attack" and
A couple of opportunistic stu-
dents held a sign to the television
cameras which read "Hi Mom,
Then came the second half, and
Iowa started to roll. A kind of im-
patient, nervous silence hung over
the stadium. The cheerleaders
urged, cajoled, but the crowd had
People suddenly noticed some of
Iowa's monster linemen. Mac
Lewis, No. 55, weighed 290 pounds
and Dick Klein, No. 70, weighed
255. It roused itself once more
about half-way through the fourth
quarter as Michigan drove deep
into Hawkeye territory. Then Nos-
kin fumbled, and some of the
crowd actually began to leave.
Iowa stayed on the ground.
Forest Evashevski was not going
to risk trying to win this one, and
the crowd was indignant, as the
clock inevitably ran out.
It was not a very festive group
that went home after this contest.
Carl Sandburg, noted poet, will
keynote International Week at 8
p.m. Tuesday when he speaks in
Hill Auditorium on "The Family
International Week will continue
Sandburg's program will consist
of readings and songs based on the
theme of "The Family of Man,"
the book of photographic essays
for which he wrote the introduc-
tion and commentary.
At 4:30 p.m. Friday, Eleanor
Roosevelt will speak in Hill Audi-
torium on "Problems Facing the
United Nations" as part of the
week's special events, Arnove
Friday evening a World's Fair
will be presented in the Union.
Students in the nationality clubs
will decorate rooms on the second
and third floors with articles from
their native countries.
The week will be climaxed by the
Monte Carlo Ball to be held *from
9 p.m. to 12 p.m. Saturday In the
WASHINGTON ()-Sen. John
L. McClellan (D-Ark.) said yes-
terday the Senate -rackets investi-
gation has shown a need for
tougher laws to punish union bust-
ing tactics by employers and their
Sen. McClellan heads the spe-
cial Senate committee now deep in
an investigation of alleged anti-
union deals between Nathan W.
Shefferman of Chicago and a
variety of employers.
The senator told newsmen the
testimony has shown up antiunion
practices that "certainly are to
be condemned" but which, under
the Taft-Hartley labor law as it
now stands, involve no criminal
Mostly, the Taft-Hartley .law al-
lows the National Labor Relations
Board to order employers and their
agents to stop unfair labor prac-
tices, but provides no fines or jail
terms for the acts themselves.
McClellan said he would favor,
among other things, a ban on la-
bor contracts negotiated between
national or international officials
and companies without consulting
"A contract should not be ne-
gotiated for a union local without
the consent of the members of the
local," he said. "If it is not pro-
hibited, it should be."
Sen. McClellan said he will ask
the committee, after winding up
next week its hearings on alleged
management misdeeds, to consider
asking the Justice Department to
determine whether any witnesses
have committed purjury./
He said this is the committee's
general practice where there are
conflicts in testimony.
The committee plans to devote
tomorrow, when it resumes hear-
ings, to ,exploring operations by
Shefferman and his network of
agents in plants of some Flint,
Mich., -employers who Sen. Mc-
Clellan refused to name in ad-
Robert F. Kennedy, the commit-
tee counsel, told newsmen in Sen.
McClellan's presence that he has
subpoenaed eight or nine witnesses
and "I expect some of themiwill
tell the truth."
..+1 T T
WASHINGTON ()-The United
States said Friday night that the
Soviet ouster of Marshal Georgi
Zhukov, coming on top of the
shakeup last June, gives evidence
of "stresses' and strains that must
be present within the Soviet bloc."
The comment was made in a
State Department statement which
r ferred to Zhukov as "a distin-
guished military leader."
It also challenged the Soviet
Communist party line that it was
Zhukov who was responsible for
"adventurism" in Soviet foreign
Difficult to Reconcile
The statement said it was "diffi-
cult to reconcile" the accusation
of adventurism against Zhukov
with the fact that Soviet Com-
munist boss Nikita Khrushchev
recently wanted to send Zhukov to
Washington "with a mission of
high trust and confidence."
Khrushchev, in the view of
Washington officials, is riding the
crest of Soviet power after his
victory over Zhukov. But it may
be a costly triumph for him in the
United. States officials said pri-
vately it is impossible to see how a
man of Zhukov's prestige and in-
fluence could be thrown out of
authority, as announced officially
in a Moscow statement yesterday,
without arousing resentment and
Such a result would probably
mean a prolonged period of politi-
cal instability in the Soviet ruling
clique, and indeed that is what
some of the best informed officials
Khrushchev is formally in the
saddle now, as these experts un-
But he is there because in the
space of five months he has de-
posed several powerful men whom
he considered dangerous rivals for
They were dangerous because
they had friends and influence
either in the Communist party or
the militai'y forces and this fact
indicates the probable existence of
dissident elements which could
make trouble for Khrushchev and
those who support him in some
future political crisis.
State Department officials found
little in Saturday's formal Moscow
announcement of Zhukov's dis-
missal'to shed any real light on
what the actual issues' between
him and Khrushchev were. Nor
was there much indication of what
the effects of the senational shake-
up may be on Soviet domestic and
A total of $3,300 has been count-
ed in the Campus Chest drive so
The total amount collected from
last year's Campus Chest drive
Solicitations for the drive ended
Friday, although the funds from
many residence houses have not
The $3,300 includes funds count-
ed Fridya, about $350 from Friday
afternoon's bucket drive, and about
$1,000 from residence houses turn-
ed in yesterday morning.
Pnan]ni.,mn+,.ri i un 57
Post Also Vacated
By Ex-Hero's Exit
MOSCOW ()-The Communist
party has ejected Marshal Georgi
K. Zhukov from its Central Com-
mittee and ruling Presidium be-
cause, it charged last night, he
tried to eliminate party control
over the armed forces.
This demonstrated "insufficient
party spirit" and "rudely violated
the Leninist party principle for di-
rection of the armed forces.
"The Central Committee has es-
tablished that the cult of comrade
Zhukov's personality was culti-
vated in the Soviet army- with his
personal participation,"' a party
resolution made public last fight
"With the help of sycophants
and flatterers, he was praised to
the sky in lectures and reports,
in articles, films and pamphlets,
and his person and role in the
great patriotic war were over-
Thus was the popular World
War II thoroughly downgraded.
There was no hint as to what his
future would be.
He was dismissed as defense
minister a week ago yesterday and
last night's announcement said
only that the party secretariat had
been instructed to find him other
The party chieftain, Nikita
Khrushchev, said last Tuesday
that-job would fit the 60-year-old
marshal's training and experience.
The formal announcement said
the resolution condemning Zhukov
had been "adopted unanimously"
by members and candidate mem-
bers of the Central Committee.
The resolution said Zhukov's
conceit caused him to consider
himself "a single hero of all vic-
tories achieved by our people and
their armed forces under the lead-
ership. of the Communist party"
It followed up the charge that
he violated the Leninist principle
for party control of the armed
forces by saying:
"Because of this Zhukov did not
fulfill the trust placed in him by
the party. He turned out to be a
politically bankrupt representative
with a tendency to adventurism in
his. understanding and evaluation
of the most important problems of
foreign policy in the Soviet Union
as well as his direction of the
Ministry of Defense."
The communique said the party
Central Committee met late in
October and discussed the "im-
provement of party and political
work in the Soviet army and
Then it aided: "The plenary
meeting has excluded eorgi K.
Zhukov from membership of the
Presidium of the Central Commit-
tee and from the Central Commit-
tee of the CPSU-Communist party
of the Soviet Union."
Vote for His
MOSCOW (M-Pravda said yes-
terday ousted Defense Minister
Marshal Georgi Zhukov had ad-
mitted all the errors of his ways
and voted for his own expulsiorr
from his Communist party posts.
PERFORMS AT HALFTIME:
Gene Krupa Finds Marching Band 'Really Gone'
By PAUL BORMAN
Drummer Gene Krupa's surprise
visit to Michigan Stadium yester-
day was as exciting for him as it
was for the fans.
Krupa thrilled the 90,478 fans
as he accompanied the Michigan
Marching Band in "Sing, Sing,
Sing." This was the song which
brought the Chicago born drum-
mer fame and fortune in 1936
Krupa said, and it was evident
that he was enjoying it as much
as anyone in the stadium.
He stood up for the Michigan
kickoffs and cheered and smiled
on every Wolverine advance.
When asked his opinion of the
Michigan band, the jazz great,
who chews his gum as fast as he
moves his sticks, said, "Crazy
man, they're the best, they're
rea11v gone ."
mesmm ma asamaamaamaaam m o s- msan