See page 4
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
r ' i iri roni rrw w w
SLXVIIl, No. 40
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1957
Arabs Elect To Drop
Charges Against U.S.
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (A') -
The United Nations abruptly ended
its debate on the Turkish-Syrian,
crisis yesterday after Syria an-/
nounced it was ready to leave the
problem for the present without
Syria's decision was part of a'
formula, worked out behind the
scenes, to avoid a showdown in
the bitter two-week discussion. It
was generally hailed by delegates
as a satisfactory way out of' a
controversy which had sharply di-
vided the world organization.
The problem was left on the
agenda of the 82-nation Assembly,
but Syria said it would not press
its demands for an inquiry into
its complaint that the United
States was prodding Turkey to-
ward an attack on Syria.
A seven-nation group acted sim-
ilarly on its own counterprol3osal
to put Secretary General Dag.
Hammarskjold into the situation,
if needed, as a mediator.
At a news conference later,
Syrian Foreign Minister Salah
Bitar declared his mind was not
placed at rest by the statement of
Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet com-'
munist party boss, that there
would be no war.
Bitar said Syria was endangered
as long as Turkish troops concen-
trate near the Syrian - Turkish
'Not Cold War'
Bitar said the United States
mistakenly considered the Syrian-
Turkish dispute as. part of the
cold war. Asked about Soviet sup-
port of the S~yrian position, Bitar
said Syria dould not prevent any
state, "great or small," from voic-
ing its position on any issue..
He charged that the mediation
offer of King Saud had been ex-
ploited and that Saud has already
relayed to Turkey the demand of
Syria that Turkish troops be re-
GOING, GOING--Clair Birrd auctions merchandise, house services
and an old car at the Campus Chest sale. Joe Sherman, Campus
Board chairman, watches as students bid for the articles and
donate their bids to .the Campus Chest drive.
Car, Tickets Sold in Drive Auction;
Bucket Proceeds Still Incomplete
By JAMES BOW
A total of $1,955 was counted yesterday as the proceeds of this
week's Campus Chest drive were turned in.
Thursday's bucket drive showed collections of $750 and $250 was
collected in the bucket drive Friday morning. The remaining bucket
drive proceeds have yet to be counted.
Thirteen residence houses turned in $695 by yesterday. Joe
Shernan, '58, Campus Chest Board chairman announced that houses
may turn in funds from 8 a.m. to 12 noon today at the basement
window of the Student Activities Building.
Auction Nets $260
The remaiiing funds counted were $260 which came from the
Campus Chest auction yesterday on the diagonal. Clair Bird, '58, was
auctioneer, selling items which
varied from a silk scarf to an auto-
Two tickets for dinner at Uni-
}: ;versity President Harlan Hatcher's
home, two tickets for the May Fes-
tival, and blue Michigan sweat-
shirts were other items which
:, brought bids.
A Park Permits Sought
LONDON (A) - Reports from
Moscow last -night said Soviet
armed forces, are being purged of
powerful friends of ex-Defense
Minister Georgi K. Zhukov and
the marshal himself is likely to be
exiled to a remote military job.
Already, according to reports
reaching-Belgrade, he has been
expelled from all his positions of
power-from the top-level party
Presidium,- the party Central Com-
mittee and the Defense Ministry
When the Kremlin hierarchy
gets around to revealing Zhukov's
future and the reasons for his
humiliation, other uncensored re-
ports said, it will make him the
scapegoat for the Syrian-Turkish
brink-of-war scare, a crisis which
Soviet party boss Nikita Khrush-
chev himself stirred up.
Censorship Halts News
Tight Mosic ow censorship
stopped all but the vaguest hints
about developments in the Soviet
capital and the charges that are
likely to be used to explain the
hatchet job on Zhukov.
Reports about an army and navy
purge and about the probability
Zhukov would be sent to some re-
mote spot ranking with Outer
Mongolia came from Irving R. Le-
vine, NBC correspondent, who ar-
rived in Helsinki, the Finnish capi-"
tal, from Moscow yesterday.
He said the reports were circu-
lating. among Russians as well as
foreign diplomats when he left
Moscow a few hours before.
Sought To Aid Syria
"Khrushchev had warned of im-
pending war in the Middle East.
'His object was to fortify the in-
fant pro-Communist regime in Sy-
ria," Levine reported.
But the crisis went beyond what
was safe for Russia, he said, and
now by blaming Zhukov for it the
Soviet leadership can draw back
from its "brink-of-war policy in
the Middle East."
Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin,
who had been'reported slated for
the skids, the correspondent said,
"now seems to have saved his own
political ,hide by helping to skin
WASHINGTON (P) - AFL-CIO
President George Meany said yes-
terday labor corruption is more
extensive than he had realized but;
he pledged that the federation
will succeed in cleaning it up.
Meany said labor is willing to
accept reasonable corrective leg-
islation from Congress but will
rally as one man to fight off any
move "to fasten antiunion legisla-1
tion on us in the guise of elimin-
Organized labor, Meany said in
a speech to the AFL-CIO's Indus-
trial Union Department, doesn't
have too many friends in Con-
gress and very few real friends
on the Senate Rackets Investiga-
ing Committee headed by Sen.
John L. McClellan (D-Ark.)
The committee has developed a
series of labor scandal disclosures
in public hearings during the past
year. Sen. McClellan-only Thurs-
day praised Meany for courage ini
acting against corruption-tainted
Meany said in forming the
AFL-CIO over two years ago la-
bor's leaders realized a growing
corruption trend and knew it
would hurt organized labor as anj
instrument for getting more bene-
fits for workers.
Iowa Eleven in Crucial Contes
NEW YORK (R) - The New
York Ceitral and the Pennsyl-
vania railroads announced yes-
terday they are studying a merger
of the two roads into one system.
The two roads are the largest in
the country, based on annual
revenues, and have combined a
sets of five and one-half billion
Both the Pennsylvania and the
Central traverse heavily populated
and industrialized sections of the
East and Midwest, Both have ex-
perienced sharp declines in earn-
ings this year.
Jacob Symes, president of the
Pennsylvania, and Alfred Perl-
man, president of the New York
Central jointly announced the
A merger, if effected, would ap-
ply both to the physical properties
and the financial structure. It
would enable the roads to consoli-
date terminal facilities and elir
inate duplicate rail and yard fa-
cilities in some areas. a
"Economic and competitive con-
ditions confronting railroads, par-
ticularly in the East, have so
changed that a thorough inquiry
should be made into the wisdom
of consolidating, as against con-
tinuing competitive operations,"
the joint announcement said.
Preliminary Studies Held
Symes and Perlman said pre-
liminary studies on the merger
proposal have been held and they
have indicated that "substantial
benefits to all concerned may re-
sult from such a merger."
The proposal, which was not
announced until after 5 p.m. ap-
parently was a well-kept secret in
Wall Street, for neither stock
showed any appreciable move-
ment yesterday on the New York
Stock Exchange - which closes
at 3:30 p.m. New York Central
finished at $18.87, off 12 cents,
and Pennsylvania closed at $15,
off 12 cents.
In Washington both the Justice
Department and the Interstate
Commerce Commission declined
comment on the merger possibili-
ty. In proposed railroad mergers
the ICC investigates to determine
if, among other things, the propo-
sal would be in the public interest.
The Justice Department usual-
ly intervenes in order to follow the
MOSCOW (MP-Marshal Rodion
Malinovsky yesterday made his
first public appearance in his new
job as Soviet defense minister,
welcoming to Moscow Maj.-Gen.
Abdel Hakim Amer, Egyptian army
Malinovsky, who succeeded Mar-
shal Georgi Zhukov as defense
minister last weekend, greeted
Amer at Moscow airport and last
night was host at a dinner for him.
UNION SENATE :
Some UN diplomats felt that
Syria and the Soviet Union had
squeezed all the propaganda value
possible out of their charges, and
were content to let the matter
drop for now.
ATL ANTA (P)-The founder of
an organization to move Sputhern
Negroes into Northern and West-
ern all-white neighborhoods de-
nied yesterday that an option had
been taken on a Washington home
in Vice President Richard M. Nix-
° on's neighborhood.
Alpha. A. Fowler, a Georgia leg-
islator, said he did not believe
Nixon or his neighbors would sell
to his agency because of a restric-
tive covenant barring Negroes and
Fowler said the American Re-
-settlement Foundation Inc., does
have an option on a $75,000 house.
-However, he would not reveal
where the property is located, say-
ing that to do so might embarrass
"many fine Americans in the
North" who are assisting the foun-
As to the report that a privately
chartered subscription agency had
an option on a house in the Wes-
ley Heights area , of northwest
Washington where the Nixons live,
Fowler said: "Of course we would
be interested in considering prop-
erty in Nixon's neighborhood for
relocating Negroes and I am sure
Nixon would not object, for his
stand against segregation is too
Petitions bearing the signatures
of 2,010 persons have been sent to
the Council of Ministers of the
Hungarian government in an at-.
teempt to gain the release of novel-
ist Tibor Dery, now in prison.
Each of the signatures on the
petitions has been stamped "Peti-
tion-Freedom for Derv" to pre-.
By LANE VANDERSLICE
The Union Senate's planning
committee yesterday outlined a
plan for solving the procedural
difficulties of the Union Senate.
Unanimously approved by the
committee members, the plan
provides for a method of voting
on ideas brought up in the Sen-
ate and sets other procedures that
the committee felt necessary.
Commpittee members said that
approval will be sought at the
Nov. 14 meeting of the Senate.
The plan is a compromise
worked out by the committee from
ideas submitted at Thursday's
meeting of the Senate. The group
consists of the three senior offi-
cers of the Union and seven group
leaders elected ,at Thursday's
Meeting in the Union student
offices, the committee also de-
cided to continue with the agenda
of Thursday's meeting if the pro-
cedural question is settled in time
WASHINGTON (A) - Sen. Wil-
liam F. Knowland (R-Calif.) will
step out of the way of Vice Presi-
dent Richard M. Nixon in the
1960 Republican presidential pri-
maries outside of California, it
was reported authoritatively yes-
That does not necessarily mean
Sen. Knowland won't try for the
presidential nomination. Presi-
dential primaries do not deter-'
mine the choice of the national
convention, although they can in-
fluence that choice.
Friends say Sen. Knowland
hasn't made up his mind about
trying for the big prize. t
But Sen. Knowland's decision
not to enter primaries, if he win's
the governorship of California
next year, has been communicated
to close associates in !Washington.
It represents a reversal of the
tactics of the senator in 1956
when his name was entered in
several state contests before Pres-
ident Dwight D. Eisenhower an-
nounced he would run again.
.While associates emphasized
Sen. Knowland had charted his
course independently, without any
consultation with Nixon, the de-
cision gave the vice president a
fresh break in his obvious cam-
paign to win .the 1960 Republican
This break came on top of
cheering political news for Nixon
from California, where there were
undenied reports that GOP Gov.
Goodwin J. Knight would with-
draw from the race for re-election
78.4 Per Cent
The Ann Arbor United Fund
ended this week having collected
$250,945 according to unofficial
Daily figures towards their goal
This is 78.4 per cent of' their
The University Division of the
drive, headed by Prof. N. Edd Mil-
ler of the speech department, has
collected $55,681 or 73 per cent of
their $76,400 goal.
Funds from the drive go to 44
national and local agencies. 11
Ann Arbor charities receive their
sole support from this drive.
The drive, which finished its
second official year last Monday,
is under the direction of Avery
Downer, volunteer chairman.
The drive is broken down into
the city drive and the University
drive. The University Division is
composed of the general Univer-
sity drive, also under Prof. Miller,
-and the University Hospital drive
under Charles M. Allmand, hos-
pital personmel director.
The drive's goal is based on
budgets submitted by the local
agencies and on estimates of
what the comnunity can give to
the national charities..
The local agencies include such
organizations as the - YMCA and
YWCA, the Boy Scouts and the
Visiting Nurse Association.
W 7iLa J. ..AWnf
Highest bids for single items
were for a year-long parking per-
mit which went for $50 and an
old car, which sold for $35.
Fraternities, sororities, and resi-
dence halls bid for the services of
other houses. The services included
raking leaves, cleaning houses, and
Frederick House's offer to rake
leaves, build a bonfire, and give a
marshmallow roast was bought by
Chicago House for $40.
Extra $20 Given
Chicago House contributed an
additional $20 because University
President and Mrs. Hatcher were
coming to the house for dinner.
Delta Delta Delta sorority bought
Zeta Beta Tau's services for main-
tenance work. In turn, the sorority
had offered its services to clean a
Tau Kappa Epsilon sold its serv-
ices in giving a party and Beta
Theta Pi offered to do "general
The remaining funds to be
counted in the drive are from
residence houses which have not
yet turned in their money.
The funds could not be totalled
during the week because residence
houses were still soliciting and
holding their funds until the drive
at the Nov. 14 meeting.
Most discussion in the meeting
arose over the method 'to be used
in voting on ideas and recommen-
dations made in the seven discus-
sion groups. The committee even-
tually agreed on a proposal that
would enable each idea brought
up by a committee to be consid-
Immediate Passage Possible
The proposal would enable any
idea or recommendation to be
passed immediately that received
the votes of at least 75 per cent
of the members present.
Under - the committee's plan,
other recommendations could be
brought up later if desired.
The plan also provided for the
1) Union Senate meetings to be
held every two weeks unless
changed by a majority vote of .the
2) Agenda to be prepared in
enough time for discussion of it
in men's housesbefore the Senate
3) A modified version of Rob-
ert's Rules of Order to be used
when the senate is sitting as a
4) Additions to the agenda may
be made on the floor of the Sen-
ate by a simple majority of the
A copy of the complete commit-
tee recommendations will be sent
to the Senate representatives
sometime next week, according to
Fred Wilten, '58E, Union execu-
WASHINGTON () -President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
chose Nov. 13 and Oklahoma City
as the time and place for the first
of a series of confidence-boosting
speeches to the people.
The speech, beginning at 10:30
p.m. EST that Wednesday night
and running for half an hour, is
to be on "science and security."
The general nature of the whole
series was laid down by President
Eisenhower in a New York speech
Oct. 22. He took note then of
public concern over America's sci-
entific position, national defense,
economic strength and foreign
To Speak Several Times
"These," he said, "are some of
the subjects about which, during
the ensuing weeks, I shall seek
opportunities to talk with the
The choice of the first topic in-
dicated that President Eisenhower
intends to try from the start to
allay anxieties and criticisms that
have arisen over Russia's scientific
The Eisenhower administration
has come under sharp fire because
the Soviets were the first to launch
an earth satellite, with the ac-
companying implication of im-
portant gains in missile weapons.
--Ike 'No Race'
President Eisenhower has con-
tended there never was any race
to be first with a satellite, and
has expressed no great worry about
America's place in the missile de-
President Eisenhower plans to
fly to Oklahoma City around mid-
day Nov. 13 and return to Wash-
ington that night or the next day.
Cn an ta U m a
DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL DINNER:
President Hatcher Stresses 'U' Financial Support
Michigan is plagued with in-
juries. In addition to end Dave
Bowers, out for the season with a
shoulder injury, ends Gary Prahst
and Chuck Teuscher have leg in-
juries, fullback John Herrnstein
and halfback Bob Ptacek have
foot injuries and halfback Mike
Shatusky's back is still bothering-
Prahst, Aerrnstein and Sha-
tusky are ordinarily starters, .al-
though Prahst should be able to
open at left end.
Michigan's attack is expected to
depend largely on its passing-
tops in Big Ten play so far with a
.592 completion percentage-since
the Hawkeyes' line has proven
tough to break through. Iowa likes
to run-especially off the tackles
-and quarterback Randy Duncan
has completed 22 passes in Confer-
ence competition thus far.
See VAN PELT, Page 3
(PLEASANTON, Tex. (W)-The
first integration under a new Tex-
as law requiring a .local option
election got off to a peaceful start
yesterday when nine Negroes were
admitted to Pleasanton High
Cnnf A n Wlio-pm z te h
By RICHARD SALO .
University President Harlan
Hatcher and Ernest T. Stewart,
executive director of the American
Alumni Council last night urged
continued support for the Univer-
sity above and beyond that given
by the Legislature.
At the fourth annual Develop-
ment Conference dinner, President
Hatcher pointed out that it was
research which these accomplish-
The University must, according
to Pres. Hatcher, do its part in
"the critically important mission
of advancing rapidly for the sake
of education and national safety.
"The role of the Council now
and in the next ten years is the
understanding of this problem and
constant support in addition to
what the Legislature gives."
"there is no evidence of a limit
on the amount of philanthropic
funds which our colleges and uni-
versities will receive if they do an
effective job of stating their case,
if they work together in support
of the efforts of xll and if they
take advantage of today's favor-
able climate for philanthropic
Looking to the future he stated
that "within the next ten years
nhilanthronic sunort to all of