THE MCHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY. OCTOMA 29. I&M
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Kish Describes Polish Situation
By SUSAN HOLTZER
"In Poland; everything dates'
from last October's riots; that is
the great divide."
Prof. George Kish of the geog-
raphy department leaned back and
Spuffed on the snub-nosed Russian
cigarette as he tried to explain the
current situation in Poland.
...The cigarette was only one of
the souvenirs Prof. Kish brought
back from a five-week tour of
Poland and Russia this summer
under a travel grant from the
University. The most important
was a ;variety of thoughts and in-
formation on the entire Polish
F' Situation Called 'Uneasy'
"There is a definite tension," he
continued, "you can feel it more
than anything else." He character-
ized the present Polish situation
as "an uneasy armistice."
One of the main reasons for the
unrest in Poland, 'Prof. Kish ex-
ED STAR OVER WARSAW-The Palace of Science and Culture, plained, is the economic crisis,
un by the Communist Party, provides symbolic background for brought about by 12 years of Com-
.eet of buses leaving for tour of Polish capital. Russians still hold munist management. Now,- under
ountry in strong grip. Premier Wladyslaw Gomulka, they
are experimenting with some dem-
.:j; : : ocratic, capitalistic conditions, in-
cluding an attempt at a partial
free enterprise system.
Poland Might Return
I. However, Prof. Kish said that
such experiments might be com-
parable to Lenin's New Economic
Policy, or NEP, which was put into
effect immediately after the revo-
lution of 1917 in Russia. The NEP
was simply a means to put Russia
back on her feet after three years
of chaos, and was followed by the
first of the Kremlin's numerous
Poland, Prof. Kish said, might
well return to Communism also,
after a period of stabilization.
He explained that there are more
than just two sides to the dispute.
"There are not just pro- and anti-
Communists," he said. "There are
various branches who want vary-
Sing degree of governmental con-
Must Avoid Conflict
Gomulka has three very impor-
tant tasks, Prof. Kish continued.
OLAND BEFORE-Skyline of Warsaw emphasizes modern sky- "The first is keeping a safety valve
crapers, but foreground provides view of war-torn sections of the open," he said. "The Polish people
ity. "Old Warsaw" still stands basically unchanged by the yearse must be able to vhice their coin-
f riots, wars and bloodshed, paints about the government."
_ENAGE GIRLS POLLED:
Social-Purposes Guide Potential Coeds
This is one reason that there is
more freedom in Poland than in
any other Iron Curtain country.
"Next," Prof. Kish went on, "he
must do this while navigating an
extremely difficult course, without
bringing about open conflict with
the Soviet Union. And finally, he
must bring Poland back to some
semblance of prosperity."
Gomulka is apparently in a
strong position. "He is supported
by the Catholic Church of Poland,"
Prof. Kish said. "Need I say more?"
Czechs Historic Enemies
But that Poland is in a terribly
dangerous position, Prof. Kish il-
lustrated with a map of Eastern
Europe. "Poland is surrounded on
every side by Communist coun-
tries," he said. "Russia is on one
side, East Germany on another,
and Czechoslovakia on the third."
He explained that Poland and
Czechoslovakia are historic enemies
-the Czechs are currently jam-
ming broadcasts in Poland-and
that, since World War II, Poland
wants nothing to do with Ger-
"As a matter of fact," he said,
"the only country Poland can get
along with is Hungary, and vice
And that, of course, is what
Gomulka and the entire country is
afraid of - becoming "another
Hungary." They feel very strongly
about the Hungarian riots, he said.
(Use of this column for announce-
ments of meetings is available to of-
ficially recognized and registered stu-
dent organizations only.)
Student National Education Assn.,
meeting, Oct. 30, 7:30 p.m., UES Cafe-
Ballet Club, meeting, Oct. 29, Bar-
bour Gym Dance Studio. Advanced
class, 7:00 p.m., beginners, s:15 p.m.
Rifle Club, practice, Oct. 29, 6:30-
9:30 p.m., Rifle Range.
* * * .
Education School Council, meeting,
Oct. 29, 4:15 p.m., Rm. 3514 SAB.
* * *
Episcopal Student Foundation, break-
fast at Canterbury House following the
7:00 a.m. celebration of Holy Com-
munion at the church, Oct. 30, 218 N.
Somebody at the Capitol Re-
cording Co. has a Sense of hu-
Last week a University stu-
dent ordered an original cast
album of the Broadway musical,
"Damn Yankees," from a local
This week he returned to pick
up the album, but the red-faced
salesgirl admitted that the com-
pany had made a slight error.
Instead of "Damn Yankees,"
the album that had come in was
entitled "The Confederacy."
"Japan, for over 2,000 years,
was a very homogeneous nation;
it had felt no cultural or social
impact in all that time," Prof.
Hideo Kishimoto of Tokyo Uni-
versity, Japan, said yesterday.
He spoke on the factors influ-
encing Japanese religion.
The oceans around the country
were "walls of separation," Prof.
Kishimoto said. "These walls pre-
vented any great waves of migra-
Contact After War
"Only after the war did we have
another culture living with us and
ruling us," he remarked.
He noted that there were vari-
ous levels at which one could
compare two different cultures.
The first is noticing the most ob-
vious differences between the two
societies. The second level is no-
ticing the common elements
which underlay the differences.
At the third level, Prof. Kishi-
moto said, more subtle differences
are recognized, such as the choice
of color in clothes.
"Sometimes it seems that war
brides marry at the second stage
and divorce at the third stage,"
Recognize Common Problems
After living in a particular so-
ciety for a length of time, Prof.
Kishimoto remarked, the fourth
stage of comparison is reached-
recognizing the common human
problems which exist in any so-
Prof. Kishimoto went on to
compare the Japanese concept
with our concept of a deity. Where
the Western religions have a con-
cept of God as the creator, the
Japanese religion has no such
concept. Shinto religion has many
deities, who may be likened to ac-
tors, each playing just a little bet-
ter role than the other (human)
He felt that the Japanese man-
ner of approaching a situation in-
tuitively rather than analytically
has much influence on the re-
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... performs tonight
HILL AUDITORIUM NOV.14
Yehudi Menuhin, violinist, will
be featured in the third concert of
the Choral Union series at 8:30
p.m. tonight in Hill Auditorium.
Accompanied by Adolph Baller
on the piano, Menuhin will play
"Sonata in G, Opus 13" by Grieg,
"Partita in D minor" by Bach,
"Fantasie, Opus 159" by Schubeit,
"Dryades et Pan" from "Mythes,
Opus 30" by Szymanowski, and "I
Palpiti" by Paganini.
The violinist made his debut
with the San Francisco Symphony
Orchestra at eight years old and
was then recognized as a child
After making his first world
tour in 1935, he retired from the
concert stage for two years.
During World War II Menuhin
devoted his time to entertaining
troops in every theater of war,
making as many as 400 appear-
ances per year
Although Menuhin has been
known as the foremost interpreter
of the violin music of Bach, he
recently began recording violin
works of Bela Bartok.
During his career, Menuhin has
visited and revisited every con-
tinent. Many times he has been
the first. American artist to play
in a country.
This year he went Dbhind the
Iron Curtain for a second time,
playing in Poland and Hungary.
wx . .d.byNORMAN COR WIN.A Paul Gregoryheatre,r,..*i.ho .
TICKETS NOW ON SALE
Prices $2.50, $2.00, $1.00
Hill Auditorium Box Office 10 A.M.-5 P.M.
"These girls reveal very little
concern with courses in high
school, and less preoccupation with
achievement in their thoughts
about the future," she pointed out.
Explaining that the second, or
"feminine professional" group is
the largest of the three, Mrs. Dou-
van said it included half of the
total group. "Thirty-seven per cent
of the girls who plan to go to
college can be said to have no
specific academic motivation," she
"If motivation were the only
thing that mattered in college en-
trance," Mrs Douvan said, "col-
leges would be facing a 'cata-
clysm'." She noted that only 15
per cent of girls 11 to 18 years old
plan to finish their education with
University of Michigan Engineers:
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Nov.4 & 5,1957
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