ADVICE TO BOTH
NORTH AND SOUTH
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
(See page 2)
VOL. LXVHI, No.$ 4ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1957 FIVE CENTS-
Red War Scare
U.S. Ambassador Lodge Delivers
Indictment to General Assembly
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (A)-The United States yesterday ac-.
cused the Soviet Union of raising an "artificial war scare" in the Middle
East with the aim of turning the Arab nations into Soviet satellites.
United States Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge delivered a blister-
ing indictment of the Soviet Union before the 82-nation General
Assembly as support developed for a move to-have Secretary General
Dag Hammarskjold take a personal role in the Middle East crisis.
Five Nations Participate
At least five nations were working on such a proposal, to be
submitted in the event Syria continues to refuse mediation efforts
by King Saud of Saudi Arabia.
Sir , Leslie Munro of New Zealand, the assembly president, ad-
journed the sessign until Monday. He pleaded with the members to
By JAMES BOW
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
third in a series of four articles de-
scribing the charities which will re-
ceive funds from the Campus Drive
The Ann Arbor United Fund
and the National Scholarship
Service and Fund for Negro Stu-
dents will receiver eight and one-
~regard the weekend as an oppor-
tunity fpr employing quiet diplo-
macy, reducing tension and pro-
After the speech by Lodge and
appeals by other speakers for Syria
to accept mediation, the Syrian
delegation called a news confer-
ence where a spokesman said his
country does not "accept any medi-
ation which would take this com-
plaint out of the United Nations."
U.S. Won't be Halted
Lodge declared the United States
will not be halted by Soviet threats
from carrying out the purposes of
the Eisenhower Doctrine to aid
Middle East countries "the Soviet
Union seeks to destroy."
"Let there be no question about
our capacity to offer this support,"
he said. "We are strong, and our
allies are strong."
Lodge asserted the true aim of
the Soviet Union in charging that
the United States is prodding Tur-
key to attack Syria is to "pose
before the world as the savior of
He said the Kremlin wants to
"bully Turkey with threats of ex-
tinctioAi and frighten the rest of us
into doing nothing," and "blacken
the name of the United States"
and destroy its historic frieudship
with the Middle East.
Lodge called the Soviet Union a
chronic law-breaker, not only
seeking to be regarded as a good
citizen, but actually trying to sit in
the judge's seat and sentence the
whole law-abiding community to
"Here is the arsonist, trying his
best to start another fire, and de-
manding the right to lead the fire
Outside the Assembly hall there
were consultations over a move
to put Hammarskjold again in the
role of the number one mediator
for the Middle East.
OLD RIVALRY-Today will tell whether or not Michigan regains
the Little Brown Jug, traditional symbol of Michigan-Minnesota
On Comeback Path
By BRUCE BENNETT
Associate Sports Editor
Special to The Daily
MINNEAPOLIS-The age-old saying in the Big Ten, "Stagg fears
Purdue," has a couple of, modern counterparts today as Michigan
prepares to battle Minnesota here this afternoon.
All week both coaches Bennie Oosterbaan of Michigan and Murray
Warmath of -Minnesota have fussed and fretted over what might
happen when these two gridiron giants collide before a sellout throng
of 64,000 homecomers in the Gophers' Memoiial Stadium.
CAMPUS CHEST POSTER
. .. on Diagonal
third and five per cent respective-
ly from next week's Campus Chest
The Ann Arbor community
drive, which is collecting funds
this week, supports local chari-
ties and several national services.
Local recipients include the Fam-
ily Service Association, the Michi-
gan Children's Aid Society, the
Young Men's and Young Women's
Christian Associations, and the
Salvation Army. National clgari-
ties include the Leader Dogs for
the Blind, and cancer and heart
Because it is receiving funds
from Campus Chest, Ann Arbor
United Fund will not solicit in the
University residence halls.
t The National Scholarship Serv-
ice and Fund for Negro Students,
or "Nessfeness," is an organiza-
tion developed since the, second
world war and which has received
1 much publicity in the last few
In 1948 Nessfeness supported
one per cent of Negro students at-
tending college. Since 1948 the
organization has supported 4,000,
students attending 300 inter-
racial colleges. The Nessfeness
Southern Project has sponsored
520 students since 1955.
The money used by the organi-
zation is collected primarily from
college Canpus Chests through-
out the country.
By The Associated Press
WARSAW - Wladyslaw Go-
mulka in a major speech pub-
lished yesterday called for a mas'-
sive bloodless purge of the Polish
Out, he said, must go a whole
series of antiparty factions and
along with them crooks, rakes,
speculators, drunkards, brawlers,
and all those whose inactivity is a
"millstone around the party's
Gomulka, the party's first sec-
retary, demanded that the party
congress, planned for December
to elect a new central committee,
be postponed to await his clean-
NEW YORK - Russian Col.
Rudolf I. Abel was convicted yes-
terday of stealing American mili-
tary and atomic secrets for Mos-
cow. The maximum sentence is
The scrawny, 55-year-old mas-
ter spy is the first foreign nation-
al ever to stand trial for his life
on espionage charges in a civilian
American courtroom. He also is
the highest-ranking Soviet agent
ever brought to book in this coun-
MOSCOW-The Ukraine's Su-
preme Soviet this week erased the
disgraced names of Kaganovich
and Molotov from four city dis-
The new names will have no re-
lation to any human being past
or present. t
The kickoff will come at 1:3
The game will be televised ove
channel 2, WWJ, carrying th
.play-by-play in this area.
Both Oosterbaan and Warmat
are fully justified for being of th
frame of mind they are. Said th
Michigan coach as his team board
ed a plane at Willow Run yestei
day for the trip here, "If I kno,
anything about Minnesota team
they'll be anxious to reboun
"Any coach always worries abou
facing a good team that has take,
an unexpected beating."
Much at Stake
Much will be at stake for bot
teams today. Each has one loss i
Conference play and both will b
striving to keep alive hopes fo
the Big Ten championship any
Rose Bowl bid.
Minnesota will be defendin
the famed Little Brown Jug, whie
it carried away under a seconi
half touchdown barrage at An
Arbor last fall.
Both squads were ranked high i
the preseason polls and doubtles
will be out to save face befor
keyed up alumni who expect win
ners this fall. Minnesota hasn'
had a Big Ten champion in foot.
ball since Bernie Bierman's 194:
Last Crown in 1950
Michigan last won the crown i
With this as the setting, th
Wolverines arrive here this morn
ing after spending, the night a-
nearby Stillwater, Minn., 16 mile,
east of St. Paul.
For the second straight week
Michigan will play without the
See BOWL, page 3
PARIS (A')-Exasperated French
workers walked off their jobs yes-
terday to protest sky-rocketing liv-
ing costs and governmental shilly-
Losses to industry were estim-
ated in the millions of dollars as
factories closed and transport
ground to a halt all across France.
But basic utilities-gas, electric-
ity, water and telephone-contin-
ued to operate, thus blunting the
effect of the strikeon the lives of
With the life of the country
largely paralyzed, Socialist Guy
Mollet continued his efforts to
form a new Cabinet and end a
crisis which has left France with-
out a government for 26 days.
Whether he would succeed was
The strike redoubled the sense
of frustration that has gripped
Frenchmen since this latest dem-
onstration of governmental insta-
bility. This one has apparently
shocked them as none of the pre-
ceding 23 postwar C',inet crises
Sense of Frustration
In fact, most observers felt this
sense of frustration was largely
responsible for thestrikes, the
first major ones ever during a
Very few of the strikers have
formulated definite wage de-
mands and if they had they are
well aware there is no government
to deal with them. Consequently,
the most they can hope for is a.
public demonstration of their
The streets were piled with un-
collected garbage cans. Social se-
curity offices closed, leaving
many families strapped for cash.
The television network closed
down. The three state-owned ra-
dio networks played only records
and gave short news bulletins.
In New York
NEW YORK (I)-Albert Anas-
tasia, the cold-blooded execution-
er of the old Murder, Inc., mob,
was assassinated yesterday in a
barber's chair in a mid-town hotel.
"He was taking over the mob,"
said a ranking police offiial, who
asked that his name not be used.
This spokesman said two masked
gunmen who shot Anastasia and
then escaped-apparently by sub-
way-were professionals, hired to
thwart Anastasia's lust for greater
The source said Anastasia head-1
ed a younger element seeking to
snatch crime syndicate leadership
from the faltering grip of racke-1
teer Frank Costello, himself theI
target of an attempted assassina-1
tion last May 2.
The killers wasted neither wordsf
nor motions in dispatching Anas-
0 p.m. CST (2:30 Ann Arbor time).
,r a regional network with Detroit
w stays Aloft
LONDON (A') - Sputnik has
t lost its beep.
n Scientists tracking the Soviet
baby moon said it was still zipping
through outer space around the
world and right on course. But
n radio monitors said it no longer
n sends out its signals. Neither the
e beep nor the occasional whistle is
r heard now.
Apparently batteries powering
the radio transmission had gone
d "The Russians said the satel-
lite's batteries.would last for three
weeks to the day." said a scientist
at the radio observatory at Cam-
"The signals have lost intensity
over the last week and were a
hundred times weaker Thursday
Snight, which probably means that
1 the satellite will now be unob-
served unless it is done by radar.
"Fiom our measurements it is
n coming down by about three and
one-half kilometers - just over
e two miles-a day at its highest
- point or orbit, which is in the
t Southern Hemisphere.
s The satellite was due to pass
over London at 6:34 p.m. - 1:34
, p.m. EST. But scientists at two
e big listening posts here said they
just couldn't hear it.
'Eniwetok Atoll and ended with
success on Oct. 22. They were
guarded in their answers, until
data can be analyzed.
But LaVier, under prodding
questions, finally agreed there
were adequate reasons to believe
the Oct. 22 rocket passed theI
hoped-for 4,000 mile mark "by a
few hundred miles."
Then came the inevitable ques-
tion: If you can do this, can you
reach the moon with a research
rocket, say within a year?
Doesn't See Why Not
"Technologically, I don't see why
it couldn't be done," said LaVier
to the first part of the question.
As to whether it could be done
within a year, his answer was that
the Far Side scientists weren't
working on the moon project.
Since the Far Side project is
completed, is a second phase to
come, involving an even more far
That is not a 'decision for the
Far Side project people but for
higher authorities, like the Secre-
tary of the Air Force, LaVier re-
Russia Ready for Attempt
A reporter noted that Russia
apparently is getting ready for an
attempt to rocket to the moon. Has
the Air Force been told to stay
away from the moon?
"No," said the colonel.
Somebody recalled that scien-
tists have the theory that if a
speed of seven miles per second is
attained, an object could be push-
ed out beyond the gravitational
pull of the earth, and "escape"
from gravity. The speed of the
rocket in the Oct. 22 shot was esti-
mater at about five miles per sec-
Seven Miles Per Second
LaVier said it is possible to
achieve a seven-miles-per-second
speed. But' the balloon platform
vehicles used in Far Side were not
designed for that type of rocket
launching. He said he thought
some other design or system would
be' used for a higher speed rocket.
Would an object fired out verti-
cally to 4,000 miles come back to
Oh, yes, the colonel said, adding
that it probably burns up on re-
entering the earth's atmosphere.
The two colonels emphasized
that the Far Side rockets were in
no way intended to go into orbit,
like earth satellites.
An earth satellite stays aloft
for an indefinite time because its
speed of about 18,000 miles per
technical reports on
Roebuck & Co. oficial
graceful" activities w
taken in the past on b
company to head off
But "Sears has neve
any 'sweetheart' con
ments with any labor
trary t. the interests o
ployes," Vice Preside
he insisted the bigr
will never again tolera
sure and coercion, dis
intrigue and unfairl
tices" he said were u
an attempt to orga
Sears stores in 1953.
The organizing driv
failed, but Tudor said
000 Sears employes
parts of the country
union contract - abo
cent of the total pers
Tudor, who became
president in charge o
last year, blamed Nath
ferman's firm, Labo
Associates, Inc., andi
Sears personnel for the
CIO yesterday cracke
two more unions in th
cleanup it launchedS
pension order against
The AFL-CIO Exec
cil ordered the 160,
Bakery Workers and 4
ber United Textile Wo
to agree by Nov. 151
officials accused of cor
arrange conventions t
officers. If the unions d
they face automatic s
George Meany, AFL
dent and steersman c
cleanup drive, said bot
addition to the one a
million member Tea:
liable to be expelled a
CIO convention in De
less they agree to orde
The embattled Team
tive board will meetr
day in Washington. It
will map plans in the
AFL-CIO ouster ultim
federal court ruling th
MOON WITHIN REACH:
New Rocket So
Over 4,000 Mil
WASHINGTON (A)-Air Force scientists have put 4
feeler more than 4,000 miles into space and yesterday th
see no technological reason why they can't touch the mo
one orders it done.
Two Air Force colonels, who worked on Project Far
Pacific Ocean, told newsmen some of the dramatic storyc
four frustrations and one doubtful attempt, the scier
succeeded on their last try in sending a rocket up from
the farthest-out point reached by a man-made object.
Lacked Technical Data
C. LaVier and William H.
the series of shots which
Thre at s
rars 'Hints Flight
[es To Europe
out a rocket White House Release
iey said they Calls for NATO Talk
WASHINGTON () - President
Side in the Dwight D. Eisenhower gave . no-
of how, after tice yesterday he might fly to
ntists finally Europe to help rally free nations
a balloon to into a "genuine partnership"
needed to protect their peoples
better from Russia's threats.
still lacked s The White House disclosed this
Sept. 25 at prospect in a final communique
summing up President Eisenhow-
er's three days of talks with
Britain's Prime Minister Harold
us Macmillan on moves to meet Rus-
sia's stepped-up military-scienti-
p fic challenge.
SH1g The 1,500-word windup state-
ment calls for a meeting of "spe-
cial character" by representatives
It 0, of the fifteen North Atlantic
I Treaty nations in mid-December.
Arrangements for Defense
- A Sears "The arrangements which the
told Senate nations of the free world have
y some "in- made for collective defense and
y and dis- mutual help are based on the re-
vere under- ognition that the concept of na-
tional self-sufficiency is now out
ehalf of the of date," the Eisenhower-Macmil-
f union or- lan statement said.
"The countries of the free
r negotiated world are interdependent and
tract agree- only in genuine partnership, by
leader con- combining their resources and
f Sears em- sharing tasks in many fields, can
nt Wallace progress and safety be found. For
our part, we have agreed that our
the Senate two countries will henceforth act
Committee in accordance with this principle."
retail chain ' Presidential press s e c r e t a r y
te the "pres- James C. Hagerty and C. Peter
crimination, Hope, Macmillan's press aide, is-
labor prac- sued the joint communique which
ised against followed four private talks be-
nize Boston tween the leaders lasting nine
e in Boston Leaves For Ottawa
about 14, Prime Minister Macmillan then
in various left by plane for Ottawa. He said
are under he was "very satisfied" with Pres-
ut seven per ident Eisenhower's promise to
onnel. keep "close and fruitful collabor-
Sears vice ation" between American and
f personrel British atomic scientists.
P- W. Shef- To a barrage of reporters' ques-
r Relations tions, the White House said it
unidentified "would not rule out" the possibili-
e Boston ac- ty that President Eisenhower and
Prime Minister Macmillan would
- 1 both represent their governments
n ei at the forthcoming NATO Coun-
m cii cil session.
The Council normally meets in
send Paris, but there was also the pos-
sibility it could convene in Wash-
ons President E i se n how e r and
Prime Minister Macmillan said
-The AFL- they would seek to forge a British-
d down on A m e r i c a n partnership which
e corruption would serve "as an example which
with a sus- we believe can and should spread
the Team- among the nations of the free
°utive oun- The joint statement frankly
,000-member linked the need for this partner-
[4,000-mem- ship to Russian advances during
rkers unions the past few months in the mis-
to boot out siles and satellite fields. Without
'ruption and mentioning either of these devel
o elect new opments by name, it said:.
lon't comply, "We do not ignore the fact that
ouspension.m Soviet rulers can achieve forxi"i-
-CIO presi- dable material accomplishments
-o theplareby concentrating upon selected
Sdevelopments and scientific appli-
h unions, in cations, and by yoking their peo-
tnd one-half ple to this effort. Despotisms have
msters, are often been able to produce spec-
at the AFL- tacular monuments."
sters Unionivi CTt
d its execu-LivingCosts
presumably Hetgew Hih
face of the
atum and a WASHINGTON (V) -- The cost
at James R. of living inmned to a record high
EDUCATIONAL EXCHANGE SERVICE:
Foreign English Teachers Present Variety Show
HOT SPRINGS, Va. (R)-Secre-
tary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks
and his Business Advisory Council
yesterday forecast a decline of per-
haps one per cent in business ac-
tivity in early 1958, with a recovery
in the second half of the year.
By PHILIP MUNCK
English Teachers from 19 foreign countries presented a variety
show and displayed objects from their native lands last night as a
part of their program at the University and in the United States.
The 43 teachers are here under the Educational Exchange Service
of the State Department.
They will spend six months in the United States: three months at
the University and three months interning at schools throughout the
Learn American Culture
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