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October 19, 1957 - Image 4

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Moonglow

Sixty-Eighth Year
- EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
"When Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily exp ress the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

STRING ORCHESTRA:
University Ensemble
In Superb Per formance
T HE UNIVERSITY String Orchestra under the direction of Gilbert
Ross presented a concert of Italian music of the late 17th and early
18th century at Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre last night before a delighted
and enthusiastic audience.
The program consisted of five works by four composers representing
the ultimate in Italian Baroque instrumental music.
It was most refreshing to hear this clear and lucid music in -con-
trast to the immense and highly colored music of the 19th century
which so often dominates our concert programs. This is not by way of
criticism of the standard classics, but is praise for the opportunity

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TURDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1957

NIGHT EDITOR: DAVID TARR

Campus Chest: A New
Approach, A Second Try

CAMPUS CHEST, after an inauspicious be-
ginning last spring, may yet prove itself
this fall as an .effective fund-raising instru-
ment. .
The idea of a Campus Chest is essentially
a sound one - that the growing number of
"tag days" should be eliminated and combined
into one intensive fund drive, eliminating a
problem which ranked in nuisance value with
bicycles on the Diagonal.
A number of the previous drives' diffiulties
are being examined this fall, and many of last
spring's mistakes will not be repeated.
One problem last spring was that two of
the three possible contributing groups - the
faculty and the townspeople - were excluded
from the drive. This exclusion has not pre-
vented the Ann Arbor United Fund, which has
not allocated any of its collections to Campus
Chest, from asking a substantial contribu-
tion as its price for calling off a proposed stu-
dent drive. While the United Fund is clearly
a worthy cause, and while duplication of soli-
citations represents a departure from the pol-
icy of single, unified drives, it was United Fund
which first broke from this principle in ini-
tiating a student solicitation. Its officials should
understand that the only way Campus Chest
can compensate for the loss of revenue likely
to result from a United Fund campus solicita-
tion is by extending its solicitations to the
town.
CAMPUS CHEST need not apologize for soli-
citing the faculty and the State Street mer-
chants, who are clearly parts of the campus
community. And since the Chest does not have
the personnel even if it has the inclination to
repeat the United Fund's personal solicitation
canvas, the concern which is bringing the
question before the SGC Board in Review
seems hardly justified. Any solicitation beyond
the faculty and State Street would ideally be
only a stop-gap measure pending more effec-
tive cooperation between the two drives, per-
haps involving joint, but unified solicitation
of the merchants and faculty members, who
owe allegiance to both communities.
Another problem of the Campus Chest is
somewhat structural - that of rewai-ding a
job well done. However unfortunate or un-
necessary it may seem in a charity drive, both
individuals and organizations function better
with incentives of credit or reward. By giving
each living unit organization - Panhel, As-
sembly, IFC and IHC - the primary respon-

sibility for solicitation in its area, the Chest
may contribute some incentive, if only the
fear of looking bad if collections are low in
one area. But independent as it is of any close
organizational affiliatidns, the Chest still has
a problem of individual incentives, which
might only be solved through its incorporation
into another major campus organization.
A major shortcoming of the Chest was its
de-emphasis of bucket solicitation in favor of
door-to-door canvas. Unfortunately there were
not enough interested persons to carry off a
successful canvas, and the loss was not made
up through greater attention to the less time-
consuming method of buckets. Whatever the
reasons last spring, this fall's Chest would do
well not to repeat the error of neglecting what
remains a very effective means of fund-raising.
One of the Chest's biggest lackings last
spring, however, was the fact that few people
had a ver* clear idea of what they were sup-
porting with their contributions. The Fresh Air
Camp, World University Service and the Free
University of Berlin Scholarship were gener-
ally overlooked in all the excitement: Greater
attention in publicity drives to the charities, as
well as the expansion of the charitable base on
which the Chest is built to such groups as
the National Scholarship Service and Fund
for Negro Students and possibly even the Ann
Arbor United Fund, would do much to make
giving to Campus Chest more appealing to
more people. Support for the drive as a whole
might also be increased if contributors have
the option of giving to the united drive or to
,individual participating charities.
PROBABLY the greatest need of Campus
Chest, and something which was lacking
last spring even above the organizational
problems involved, is campus support. It's
probably not too early to suggest, with the
drive two weeks away, that unless Campus
Chest is successful this fall the campus may
well see a return to the system of having an
eager coed on every corner with a tag in her.
hand and a bucket under her arm nearly every
month of the school year. But more positively,
the three charities selected to participate so
far - WUS, FUB and Fresh Air Camp - are
all deserving and in need of support, and the
Chest's goal of a "dollar a person" is not so
high that a generous student body and faculty
cannot afford to meet it.
-PETER ECKSTEIN
Editor

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR :
Basic Conformity Necessary

Pay T.V. A Healthy Competitor

To The Editor:
CONFORMITY, PER SE, is not a
negative attribute. It is highly
necessary that all of us conform to
the basic laws and moral demands
of our society and that we respect
the obligations which we have as-
sumed to significant others in our
society. Society exists only so long
as conformity to role demands and
to moral demands is widespread .
Given the necessity for con-
formity at a basic level, why this
criticism of conformity and con-
formists? At bottom, this charge
rests on a philosophical disagree-
ment as to what are the "basic"
aspects of our society to which all
must conform.
* * *
IS THE "American Way of Life"
to be identified with certain ab-
stract principles like justice and
respect from human dignity, or is
it also embodied in certain con-
crete forms of social organization
which existed in their purest form
in the United States in the early
1900's and which are referred to by
the phrase "free enterprise"? Con-
servatives and liberals are notor-
iously apt to differ in the answers
they give to this question.
Notice that the above phrasing
of the problem views both sides to
the argument as conformists. The
liberals conform just as surely as
conservatives. The difference lies
in that to which each conforms.
Some liberals maintain con-
formity to abstract principles only
and retain a flexible and experi-
mental attitude toward the ques-
tion of which social forms will
provide the best soil for the nour-
ishment of these principles.
Other liberals clothe their prin-
ciples with specific and concrete
proposals as to how our present
society should be reorganized.

Conservatives are nearly always
men of a practical and non-ab-
stract mind. Imnpressed by the
reality of the present and the
- achievements of the past, their
energies are devoted to the pre-
servation of concrete forms of so-
cial organization which are pre-
sently in existence, or have been
in the immediate past. This is not
to say that they are without con-
victions as to principle.
* * *
HOWEVER, THESE convictions
are not about the aims or ends of
the social organization (preserva-
tion of human dignity) but about
the necessity for the preservation
of the concrete forms of the pre-
sent society which are taken as
ends in themselves.
The hue and cry against con-
formism must be recognized as
coming primarily from the men
who are liberals as defined above.
They are upset, not because men
conform, but because they conform
as conservatives.
Conformity is too easily given
to the present forms of socialior-
ganization and not easily enough
elicited by the abstract social prin-
ciples these forms are supposed to
serve.
This is not a new phenomenon.
We live in the concrete, non-ab-
stract world, and we too often
model our thinking after our liv-
ing. Certainly, there is nothing
more real than the present.
However, a decent knowledge of
recent history should persuade
almost anyone that we are living
in a time of rapid change in the
forms of s o c i a 1 organization
throughout the world, and, to a
limited degree, in our own country.
* *5 *
LIBERALS WILL continue to
push for both intellectual and
actual experimentation in new

ways of relating responsibilities,
authority, power and prestige to
the problems this country faces in
the present and the immediately
foreseeable future.
The old way of doing things is.
not necessarily good because it is
old, nor is a new way of doing
things good because it is new. An
intelligent choice demands a real-
istic consideration of several alter-
natives.
Conservatism, as defined above,
inhibits the application of ra-
tionality to guide the changes
which are continually occuring in
the organizational forms which
control our common life.
Therefore, I would label the
phenomenon which is being legiti-
mately criticized by theseattacks
on conformity as "conservatims"
or the "uncritical acceptance of
society as the best possible under
the circumstances."
-Ray Mills, Grad.
Fol-De-Rol . . .
To the Editor:
YOUR EDITORIAL of Oct. 15 re
Queen Elizabeth had me all
choked up. The writer babbled
happily about the "sanctity" at-
tached to royalty, the "revered"
monarchs, the "glory" of British
history, etc., and went on to make
an unfavorable comparison be-
tween Herbert Hoover and Harry
Truman and Queen Elizabeth.
Well, I will leave this starry-eyed
individual to his happy reflections.
Speaking as one is unserenely
touched by common everyday
cares, I am just as happy with my
interpretation that we Americans
weaned ourselves away from that
fol-de-rol some 150 years ago.
-R. Carrollo, '58L

to hear these less well known works.
was the amazing ensemble at-
tained by this group. This is espe-
cially astonishing when one con-
siders that the orchestra had only
three or four rehearsals in which
to prepare for this performance.
Ensemble work is usually the
product of long periods of working
together until every member of the
group has been integrated into a
single mind and purpose with no
ragged edges.
THE S TRIN G ORCHESTRA
created a homogeneous perform-
ance that was a constant pleasure
to the ear. Only in very rare mo-
ments did a few ragged passages
occur, and these were insignificant
in the overall effect.
Corelli's Concerto Grosso in D
major, Op. 6, No. 1, opened the
program and the Concerto in F
major, Opus 6, No. 6 of the same
composer was the closing number.
The concertino group featured in
both of these works was performed
by Elnore Crampton and Sheila
McKenzie, violins, and H a r r y
Dunscombe, cello.
Both concertos were given fine
performances with some very ex-
cellent duet work between the two
solo violins.
Pergolesi's charming Sonata in
G minoi which is designated for
a trio and orchestra seemed pri-
marily to be a work for solo violin
and orchestra (although there
were other solo parts).
The lovely arioso solo in the
slow movement was played with
warm and tender tone by Theo-
dore Johnson, violin. The first
movement of this work was full of
the humor which is so often asso-
ciated with this composer's de-
lightful, opera buffa, La Serva
Padrona.
* *' *
MICHAEL AVSHARIAN was the
featured violin soloist in Vivaldi's
Concerto in D major, from L'Estra
armonico, Op. 3, No. 9. Mr. Av-
sharian displayed an effortless
technique free from the excessive
body movements in which so many
violinists indulge. But far beyond
this one virtue was the lovely,
warm tone, the magnificent tech-
nique, and the fine feeling he
showed in this work.
Following the intermission the
Concerto Musicale of Torelli was
performed and the previously
mentioned Corelli work.
Much credit must go to Gilbert
Ross for the excellence of this
program. Although the. appeared
uncomfortable at times in the
mechanics of his conducting, it
was obvious that he knew what he
wanted and he and his ensemble
were musicians enough to produce
that.
As in other activities on campus,
illness crept into this group prior
to the performance which neces-
sitated s o m e substitutions and
switches. Robert Courte of the
Stanley Quartet and School of
Music faculty graciously added his
artistry in the viola section and
some of the other members switch-
ed parts to balance the group.
Considering t h i s performance
with only a few rehearsals, I
should indeed like to hear them
if they had a month to prepare.
-Robert Jobe

The biggest delight of the evening
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin Is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent In TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 28
General Notices
Board in Review, Student Government
Council: In accordance with regula-
tions established by the Board in Re-
view, a meeting has been requested by
one of its members to review action
taken by Student Government Coun-
ci at its meeting ofOctober 1, 195
with respect to the motions concern-.
ing a Campus Chest, particularly with
reference to: 1) faculty solicitation; 2)
designation of "campus area" and the
denial of the opportunity for an appeal
concerning the designation of boun-
daries for "campus area." Accordingly,
a meeting of the Board in Review has
been called for October 20 at 10:30
a.m., Confernce Room, Michigan Un-
ion. The calling of this meeting, there-
fore, operates as a stay-of-action until
such time as the Board in Review
makes its determination.
Lectures
Department of Journalism lecture at
3 p.m. Mon., Oct. 21 in the Rackham
Amphitheater, William Stoneman Chi-
cago Daily News foreign correspondent.
whose topic will be "Clarifying Complex
World News." The public is invited.
Concerts
Carillon Recital: 7:15 p.m. Sun., Oct.
20, by Sidney Giles, Assistant Univer-
sity Carillonneur. Jef Denyn's Prelude
in B flat; Kamiel Lefevere's Rondo,
Menuet No. 2, Theme with Variations,
"Alfred Bells;" G. F. Handel's March
(From Ode to St. Cecelia), Sarabande
Josef Hayden's Rondo, Serenata, and
The Heavens are Telling (from The
Creation).
Academic Notices
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts: The freshman five-
week progress reports will be due Wed.,
Oct. 23, in the Faculty Counselors Of-
fice for Freshmen and Sophomores.
1210 Angell Hall.
Interdepartmental Seminar on Ap-
plied Meteorology: Engineering. Mon.;
Oct. 21, 4 p.m. Room 307, West Engi-
neering Bldg. Walter S. Nordquist, Jr.
will speak on "Weathering of Exposed
Surfaces by Wind" - Chairman: Prof.
Leo L. Carrick.
Placement Notices
Personnel Interviews:
Representatives from the following
will be at the Engrg. School:
Mon. & Tues., Oct. 21 & 22
E.I. Du Pont, Wilmington, Dla. --
B.S. & M.S. in Ch.E., Civil, Constru.,
Elect., Ind.,. Instru. Mech., E. Mech.,
Metal., Nuclear, & E. Physics, for R-
search, Development, Design, Prod.,
Constru.,tand Sales.
Tues., Oct. 22
American Bosch Arma Corp., Garden
City, N.Y. - all levels in E.E. M.E., and
B.S. in E. Physics, for Research, Devel-
opment, and Design.
Internat'l. Tel. &. Tel-Fed.. Elect.
Corp., Chicago, Ill. - all levels in
Const., Elect., or Nuclear for Field
Service.
Motorola, Inc., Chicago, Ill. - all
levels in Elect, for Summer and Regu-
(Continued on Page 6)

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THE FEDERAL Communications Commission
recently announced it would soon consider
applications for a test of Toll Television. The
unsettling effect upon the sponsored networks
may be imagined. Backed by their dependent
advertising and manufacturing interests, they
are lobbying for the defense of their monopoly
in Congress and numerous congressmen, sensi-
tive to the influence of such interests on their
constituents, have responded sympathetically.
Supreme Court recognition of the F.C.C.'s
authority to regulate interstate air has made
the introduction of pay T.V. systems contingent
upon the commission's approval, and they have
thus far remained unconvinced of their benefit
to the public.
The F.C.C. has no control over wired systems
within a state, and an experiment with this
method is in progress in Bartlesville, Okla.
where first-run moviessare being piped directly
to home sets on a subscription plan of $9.50
monthly. But the tremendous expense of such
an operation on a large scale has been consider-
ed prohibitive.
The proponents of pay T.V. argue that great-
er advantage will be had by the public in the
form of current movies, top sporting events
(e.g. the Robinson-Basilio title bout which ran
on a closed channel to isolated exhibitors) and
a higher level of entertainment in the way of
operas, concerts, and plays which the adver-
tisers don't find profitable. They don't want to
encroach upon sponsored television's province
of quiz shows and horse opera, but to supple-
ment it with programs that would reach an-
other audience.
T.HE NETWORKS may be pardoned for view-
ing these crusaders for cultural uplift with
suspicion, and are probably correct in predict-
ing that they would soon find "popular" enter-
Editorial Staff
PETER ECKSTEIN, Editor
JAMES ELSMAN, JR. VERNON NAHRGANG
Editorial Director City Editor
DONNA HANSON................Personnel Director
TAMMY MORRISON,................Magazine Editor
EDWARD GERULDSEN ... Associate Editorial Director
WILLIAM HANEY.... ........Features Editor
ROSE PERLB!-RG ...... ..Activities Editor
CAROL PRINS ...........Associate Personnel Director
JAMES BAAD....................... Sports Editor
BRUCE BENNETT ........... .Associate Sports Editor
JOHN HILLYER ......... ..Associate Sports Editor
CHARLES CURTISS............Chief Photographer

tainment just as profitable as the advertisers
have. Worse, they would be charging people to
see the same goop they had been getting for
nothing.
But, accepting this dismal forecast, one fea-
ture of the toll plan recommends it. Sponsored
shows must look, not primarily, but solely to
the biggest gate. They are not going to match
"The $64,000 Question" or "Twenty-One" with
the Metropolitan Opera, but with the $65,000
Question or Twenty-Two. The person who
might pay a dollar to watch the Boston Sym-
phony doesn't use any more deodorant than the
one who might not pay a dime to watch I Love
Lucy. It isn't good business to spend the same
amount to reach a tenth as many consumers,
so to the advertisers, those who don't love Lucy
are just not paying customers.
They would be paying customers for the toll
producer, even if they contributed considerably
less revenue than the Lucy lovers. The store-
keeper's margin of profit on soap may be less
than on fertilizer, but he finds it worth the
trouble.
THE OBJECTION of sponsored television that
the greater revenue of pay T.V. would en-
able them to hire crooners that sing louder and
cowboys that shoot faster, thus wooing away
their audience, may be true but what of it?
There is a strong possibility that the public
is content to get nothing for nothing, and
might find it much more convenient to be
solicited to enjoy a bottle of the sponsor's beer
with the program than to stick a quarter in
the machine and sit there dry with the horses
kicking up all that dust. If they are willing to
pay for more R.P.M. (rounds per minute) than
they are getting for nothing, how can sponsored
T.V. claim that their own election would be a
disservice to them?
The networks also fear that pay T.V. would
give insufficient coverage to public service fea-
tures such as news and special events which
they characteristically regard as unprofitable.
If, as we doubt, their fears are well grounded,
and the public wouldn't support this sort of
program, resort might be had to the same
agency that has engendered so much solicitude
on their part. The government has made it
clear that continued recognition of their fran-
chise hinges on a token display of public spirit-
edness, and the same pressure could be applied
to the pay system.
The essence of the controversy would seem
the network's attempt to deny the right of
competition. Whether competition based on
financial gain is the most healthy sort for an
artistic medium remains another issue, but if
it iif: o n h -inr-hon. ,re h n

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i

AN EYE ON THE WHITE HOUSE:
Senator Know land Tackles Political Obstacle Course

(EDITOR'S NOTE: Bert R. Sugar,
a student in Law School, is a native
of Washington D.C. and a close fol-
lower of national politics. He toured
California this past summer, making
his own observations of the political
situation in that state.
This is the first article in a two-
part series on Senator William F.
Knowland.)
By BERT R. SUGAR
W ILLIAM FIFE KNOWLAND,
the California Senator with
one eye on the Governor's Man-
sion in Sacramento and the other
on the White House in Washing-
ton, made a brief stop in Ann
Arbor last Monday night on a
whirlwind speaking tour that
touches such spots remote from
the shores of California as Salis-
bury, Maryland, and Boston, Mas-
sachusetts,
These cities definitely lack po-
tential votes for the California
gubernatorial primary and elec-
tion, but will count just as heavily
in presidential elections as any
Californa hamlet.
Knowland, a man guided by
what he interprets as political
destiny, has mapped out a tactical
plan that may well lead him to
the top of the executive branch,
or leave his political career in ruins

What has prompted the jut-
jawed, resolute, firm-standing sen-
ator to embark upon a course of
summoning defiantly into contest
the incumbent governor on his
own terms-the terms being those
of the labor issue and the popu-
larity of Governor Goodwin
("Goodie") Knight?
Knowland recognizes the fact
that, dating back to the Civil War,
only one man, Warren G. Harding
in 1920, has been nominated for
the presidency on a najor party
ticket directly from the Senate.
Since 1920 Governors Cox, Smith,
Roosevelt, Landon, Dewey, and
Stevenson have all been nomi-
nated directly from their respec-
tive executive mansions, lending
support to the axiom in American
politics that nominations for the
executive position in the Federal
government usually go. to tne ex-
ecutive leaders of State govern-
ment.
There can be no doubt that the
man. who controls the 68 nominat-
ing votes to which California is
entitled at the 1960 Republican
National Convention will be in a
commanding position, politically
speaking.
* * *

political acquaintance of his father
in 1928 when both were camnaign-
ing for Hoover.
This friendship has been of a
rewarding nature for Knowland
many times. He succeeded Warren
as California's Republican Nation-
al Committeeman, at the latter's
request, and in 1945, then Gover-
nor of California Warren appoint-
ed Knowland to fill the unexpired
term of the late, great Senator
Hiram Johnson.
From that point in 1945, Know-
land has been the master of his
own future, shaping his political
course via various stands which he
has taken on the floor of the Sen-
ate. He has not only taken up is-
sues but has more than frequently
led the fight on important issues
and political policies, remairing
doggedly behind some, while disre-
garding the potential liabilities of
unpopular stands.
KNOWLAND IS STILL remem-
bered by political adversaries on
the West Coast as the "Senator
from Formosa" because of his af-
finity for the Nationalist Republic
of China and Chiang Kai-shek.
Knowland madea ceathino i-neencah

Mainly concerned with the neg-
lect of Asia by our State Depart-
ment, Knowland continually re-
ferred to Lenin's thesis that "the
road to Paris lies through Peking."
Of late, Knowland has been
assuming control of the old Taft
Loyalists and Republican iight-
wingers. He voted in favor of the
Bricker Amendment to dilute pres-
idential treaty-making powers, and
voted against the censure of one
Joseph R. McCarthy.
Always a close friend of Senator
Styles Bridges of New Hampshire,
Knowland announced his candi-
dacy for the Senate Majority Lead-
er when the 83rd Congress con-
vened in January of 1953. He ar-
ranged, however, to let Senator
Robert A. Taft of Ohio assume
control of the majority and ceded
the President Pro Tempore posi-
tion to Bridges, in return for lead-
ership of the powerful Republican
Policy Committee. Taft bequeathed
leadership to the California sena-
tor in June of 1953, when he
stated, "Nobody can push Bill
around."
NO ONE HAS YET pushed Bill
around, for he strides through is-
sesn wih a detrmined r .p__.

into the pages of American politi-
cal history, for it is a certainty
that the two men are rivals for the
elusive Republican presidential
nomination in 1960.
Nixon's long-time political rival,
"Goodie" Knight, present Gover-
nor of California, backed Chris-
tian Herter for the Republican
vice-presidency in 1956, but, under
the unit rule, cast his delegation's
vote for Nixon on the vice-presi-
dential roll call.
Richard Milhous has no great
desire to reward any such action
by Knight and cannot remain re-
ticent during the present power
*struggle in his Home state.
* * *5
HE UNDOUBTEDLY will come
to an ag-reement with Knowland
concerning the California primary
for governor, with the. possibility
that Knowland will give Nixon his
endorsement in 1960. This feasibly
could be carried to the conclusion
that Nixon would thereby back the
senator in 1964 should the former
lose the presidential election in
1960.
The question then is, "What has
Nixon to gain by such a compro-
mise?"
Bot tn A e aoni n..of+ -ha

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