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October 12, 1957 - Image 4

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I

fadrligalt Daily
Sixty-Eighth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"That Ain't My Style," Said Casey*.,.
And The Umpire Said, "Strike Two !"

Vhen Opinion* Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily exp ress the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

TURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1957

NIGHT EDITOR: MICHAEL KRAFT

3$J
L 6J1s{ -~f

To The Editor
Action and Reaction . .
To the Editor:
MR. ELSMAN'S thoughtful article "The Moon - A Tragedy" trenches
so much on my own vocation, history, and my own hobby, philo-
sophy, that I feel I must try to answer it.
His thesis is, briefly, that progress is impossible because "for every
reaction there is an equal and opposite reaction, even in the social
sciences," and that every scientific advance has brought as much evil
as good, if not more - "As man possesses more leisure, his lot be-
comes the more miserable and tragic."
Practically all the concrete counts in his indictment are to be
admitted, but they show only one side of the shield. The test of a sin-

ARSHAL TI
the West th
end a Yugoslav
ecent act alor
entence dealt t
resident of Y
howing clearly
ommunism and
The book, "T
Low a governing
lace of the ol
ountries. These
ecome far more
roups, since ti
nd political po
roup. His anal
,nd theory is;
ystem.
However, and
Western pointc
.ounces socialist
plea for "der
lete nationaliz
s the first step
rnment. Were
.e pretends to1

Tito Shows His Colors
With Djilas Sentence
TO has demonstrated again to the Russian system, he could have reaped a
at he is still a communist first harvest of Western friendship and, perhaps
only slightly-if at all. His most funds, by permitting Djilas to dissent openly.
ng this line is the increased
o Milovan Djilas, former vice- INSTEAb, TITO has increased the -already-
ugoslavia, for writing a book severe jail sentence which was imposed on
what is inevitably wrong with Djilas last year. This is the act of a Russian-
I socialism, as well. style communist, running a Stalinist country.
Che New Class," shows clearly This latest action should make clear to the
g bureaucracy has grown up in West, if it needs any clarification, that Tito
d ruling classes in Communist is, as aforesaid, a Communist of the old school.
e bureaucracies. Djilas proves, It is to be hoped that the State Deaprtment
vicious and brutal than former and the Administration refrain from throwing
hey possess complete economic good money after bad, and cut loose from Yugo-
wer concentrated in the same slavia. Enough goods and money have already
ysis of communism in practice been given to the Marshal, who has responded
a searing indictment of that with a statement in "Foreign Affairs" maga-
zipe: "We have never given anybody reason to
at least as important from the hope that we would join the Western bloc."
of view, Djilas in no place re- . To underscore the point, he has extended Djilas'
m, and concludes his book with sentence.
mocratic socialism" with com- It must now be finally clear, even to the
ation of industry in the West government, that Tito is not on our side,- and
toward a socialist world goy- will not be in the forseeable future. No more
Tito the national communist effort should be expended on him.
be, independent of Russia and -JOHN WEICHER
Survival in the Corridors

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WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Split Within GOP aidens
By DREW PEARSON

cere believer in retrogression is
whether he would be willing to
undo the alleged elements of
progress.
In spite of war, automobile ac-
cidents, luxury diets, etc. the av-
erage length of human life has
about doubled in a century. Would
it be well to return to pre-Pasteur
medical practise? Many people,
he truly says, misuse their leisure.
Would he then wish to restore the
fourteen-hour working day?
Racial relations are not always
satisfactory. Do we prefer the
chattel slavery of a hundred
years ago, or the more than two
hundred annual lynchings of six-
ty-five years ago?
Life is hardly worth living? If,
we really thought that way, we
should reward murderers and
punish life-savers.
I fear that many fashionable
pessimists are a good deal like
Rousseau, taking full advantage
of all the conveniences of civili-
zation while shaking their heads
at our "degeneration" from the
noble savage. Mr. Elsman has the
right to indite his sentiments with
a quill pen, as his great-grand-
father did, or even carve them on
rock, as his remote ancestors did,
but I would not be in the least
surprised if he used a typewriter.
The greatest critics of .the ma-
chine age - the Thoreaus, Rus-
kins, Tolstoys, Gandhis - used
machines (the printing press, the
railway, the. steamship) to scat-
ter their attacks abroad.
The truth of the matter is that
every social advance has, indeed,
an opposite reaction, but a reac-
tion which is not equal. Some-
times the reaction is greater than
the progressive movement, and
then we have decadence. Some-
times it is less, and then we have
genuine progress. For the United
States in the twentieth century I
think the net balance is on the
credit side.
Preston Slosson,
Professor of History
(Editor's Note--- r. Elsman replies
he would not wish to turn back the
clock. To say man has misused prog-
ress is not to ,wish a reversion, but
merely to blame man.
As to being a "fashionable modern.
pessimist," Mr. Elsman noted he
would speak only to the point that
man was not master of his fate,
without explaining why. Since Prof.
Slosson prompted the question, Mr.
Elsman's "optin istic" answer to
man's dilemma is an essentially re-
ligious one.
Mr. Slosson's last paragraph, how-
ever, defines the matter more pre-
cisely. Mr. Elsman agrees that man
makes progress in some areas, but
that a retrogressive step in one area
(atomic energy) can negate many
progressive steps elsewhere.)

Cheers . .
To the Editor:
IF THE University students would
make as much noise at the foot-
ball games as they do at the local
theatres on weekends, I am sure
we would have the loudest stadium
in the country.
I really feel sorry for the "cheer"
leaders as they are fighting a
hopeless cause. They might as well
sit down and enjoy the game.
Maybe the students feel they are
degrading themselves if they holler
for the, team, yet theirs will be
among the loudest voices criticiz-
ing the team and coach if a game
is lost.
--Roland E. Schneider, Grad.
Disneyland .
To the Editor:
IN ATTACKING my comment
against girl cheerleaders and all
other such nonsense, Mr. Norman
Miller accuses me of being not
"typical." I never looked at it
that way; I guess I ofght to apol-
ogize.
Actually, rather than -be forced
to wilt under Mr. Miller's devas-
tating charge, I now will declare
myself more typical than any-
body else and come out for male
cheerleaders and girl football
players.
Certainly, this would produce
some lusty support.
I'm not certain yet of how my
original attitude would have con-
tributed to making this place "the
Plymouth Rock of the Midwest,"
but perhaps Mr. Miller will be
pleased by my reversal of position
in support of the trend toward
"Disneyland."
--Gordon Black, Grad,
Betht of Luck .
To the Editor:
THAY! who ith the bright nerth-
on who decided on "Mythigan"
ath the theme of the 1957 Home-
coming? While we at the Univer-
thity may realith what ith meant,
it is going to sound awfully strange
without scme sort of explana A'in
to those out-state residents who
may hear of it (and I am sure they
will).
However, "nothing ventured,
nothing gained" I've heard. Tho,
betht of luck from:
-Kenn Hildebrand, '58

#I

"PHYSICAL SURVIVAL of the fittest" might
even have its application at the University.
Especially for LSA students who have to cross
the Mason hall corridor and lobby.
It can only take a strong individual to make
it through these areas and arrive at class on
time. For the small, puny student can only,
resign himself to late classes, and perhaps poor
grades, because of lecture time he missed.
The Mason Hall situation is bad. Function-
ally, the architecture is absurd. Four large
auditoriums open into a narrow passageway,
spewing forth tremendous mobs who really
cannot go anywhere.
UNFORTUNATELY, the building is there to
stay. Changes in design are certainly not in
the forseeable futtire. So the responsibility
for any kind of student comfort or convenience
lies with the students themselves.
They certainly have not made very many
efforts in this direction, although complaints
have been numerous by these same people.

In the first place, the auditoriums would
empty very much faster after class, if the next
class would wait for the students 'to get out,
before trying-to make its entrance.
As it stands now-yes it just stands-the
students leaving the auditoriums push against
the students trying to get in and nobody moves
at all.
THE REAL PROBLEM exists because of the
throngs of people who have discovered the
lobby and corridor are a good place to meet
friends and discuss the day's events. So every-
body does it. Nobody moves and the hall-
ways are densely packed, with those who wish
to get to class the losers.
It might. be wished that people could be a
little more considerate, a little less rude. Because
of the people who do stand about to chat, a
very great number of people are made incredibly
uncomfortable.
There must be other places to talk.
-RICHARD TAUB

.t

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:

WASHINGTON - Only a year
after President Eisenhowers
landslide victory, word has gone
out to Republican congressmen of
the GOP Congressional Campaign
Committee: "Vote your district
point of view and never mind
White House orders."
This means a widening rift in-
side the Republican Party and in-
creasing difficulty in passing any
Administration program.
As congressional campaign chief
Simpson is largely responsible for
electing a Republican Congress
next year. He has warned GOP
candidates that the ride on Ike's
coattails is over, that his political
popularity has dropped drastically.
"Sure, this may mean a party
split, but we're politicians. It is our
job to get elected," he has told
subordinates privately. "There
aren't any politicians in the White
House. We have tried it their way
and we are losing ground."
* *
HE POINTED OUT that three
Republican veterans-Congressmen
John Taber of New York, John
Vorys of Ohio, and Les Arends of
Illinois-are in political trouble at
home for supporting the Presi-
dent's foreign aid program. All
three will probably face primary
opposition from anti-Eisenhower
Republicans.
In an attempt to head off a
party split, GOP National Chair-
man Meade Alcorn has held sev-
eral secret conferences with Simp-
son. All this has accomplished is
prevent open Republican warfare.
"There is no divorce yet," Simp-
son remarked privately after a
recent huddle with Alcorn. "We
are living in separate bedrooms
from the Eisenhower Republicans

now. The divorce papers are drawn
up and ready to sign."
Note-In an off-the-cuff speech
to Republican women at Colorado
Springs last month, Simpson came
the closest to an open public break
with the Eisenhower wing.
"The only way to elect Republi-
cans," he told the ladies, "Is when
Republicans run as Republicans
and not as 'me-tooers'."
The Air Force may have beaten
Russia into space this summer with
the first man-made satellite --
though it was an accident. A nose
cone on a guided missile misfired
and could still be whizzing around
the Earth.
The bullet-shaped nose cone,
about 18 inches long and polished
smooth as glass, was catapulted
into space by the experimental
X-17 which the Air Force has been
using to blaze the way for the in-
tercontinental Atlas.
The Air Force has been shooting
the three-stage X-17 to the edges
of outer space. There the missile
normally noses downward, and the
third stage fires the cone down-
ward at terrific speed into the
Earth's atmosphere. Purpose of
the experiment is to duplicate the
conditions the Atlas's warhead will
encounter when it plunges into the
atmosphere.
IN THIS particular case, how-
ever, the nose cone was blasted
upward instead of downward. Air
Force scientists are convinced it
was traveling at sufficient speed
to launch it in an orbit around
the Earth. Of course, it wasn't
equipped with radio or instruments
that would make it possible to
track as in the case of the Soviet
Sputnik.
Meanwhile, Uncle Sam's official
satellite project "Vanguard" has

bogged down at Cape Canaveral,
Fla. The American "moon" has to
be boosted into the air with a
three-stage launching device of
which the second and third stages
have been successfully test-fired.
But the crucial first stage, which
must lift the other- two off the
ground, has been waiting a month
for its test flight.
General Electric built the cru-
cial first-stage engines. They were
accepted for delivery after under-
going several two and one-half
minute ground tests. The tests
were successful and no parts had
to be replaced. But this was only
on the ground.
When the rocket was loaded
with dummy second and third
stages, the Navy was not able to
get it off the ground. The excuse
is that a better fuel is needed.
Radiologists now warn that
thousands of people yearly are
needlessly injured by incorrect use
of X-Ray equipment.
Worst offenders are dentists ai'd
general practitioners who can buy
X-Ray machines and fluoroscopes
even though they lack special
training in their use. Patients can
absorb dangerous radioactivity,
threatening their ability to have
children and possibly even short-
ening their own lives or causing
cancer.
* * *
THE PROBLEM has always ex-
isted, but it has been dramatized
by public discussion of the dan-
ger from nuclear weapon "fall-
out." Fluoroscopes can be especi-
ally dangerous.
As a result, even trained radi-
ologists are today re-examining
their methods to reduce patients'
exposure.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)

I

Created Altruism

I

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News 4nalyst
ON #THE SAME DAY Russia launched her
space satellite there was, by coincidence, a
conference at Massachusetts Institute of Tech-
nology of people w];o hope to confine its use to
the peaceful search of knowledge.
They are trying to promote man's search for
goodness through axiology, the philosophical
science of values. They hope to establish meas-
urements of human values by standards com
parable to those used by the natural scientists
to present the world with the means of its own
destruction.
Robert G. Hartman, former professor of
philosophy at MIT and Ohio State, now State
Department exchange professor at the Na-
tional University of Mexico, calls it a "moral
science for the atomic age."
Philosophers have been talking about axiology
for about 70 years. Now they have been goaded
into a crash program by world developments.
This group hopes to establish a world-wide
chain -of institutes for its study, fashioned
somewhat after the Institute for Advanced
Study at Princeton.
THEIR FIRST public meeting, which drew
about 600 people, was held under the name
of the Research Society for Created Altruism,
which gives an idea of their objective.
It is difficult for a layman to understand
these "standards" which the philosophers hope
to establish, making their institutes a sort of
DONA ANSON.......Prsonnel Drector
EW AD REditorial Di
WILLIM PEER ECKSFeauNe Editor
OEdtra DER re to CtivEitieo dio
COA PRNS..... ..Assoiat Personnel Director
JIAM BADY . ....... .. Spoatrts Editor
BRUCE BENNETT ........... .Associate Sports Editor
JOHN H:ILLYER .,. .,.AscaeSports Editor
CHARLES CURTISS .. .. ,.. Chief Photographer
V _ _ _ Ci z ', I

bureau of standards for measuring human
concepts. i
Dr. Hartman gives an example: "Peace is
just a word. We want to make it into a concept,
and give that concept a meaning, and that
meaning value, so that man can have a stan-
dard 'by which to know he is approaching some-
thing that is worth while."
LIKE TRYING to help a man who wants
something to keep him dry, but'who has no
definitive concept of a raincoat.
By systematic analysis and the establishment
of such definitions, the philosophers hope to
bridge the gap between moral and material
knowledge which now plagues the world.
NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV is now harping again
on the old spheres of influence theme which
Stalin carried to Yalta.
It's in the expanded text of his interview with
James Reston, Washington bureau chief for
the New York Times.
It represents one of the conflicts in Soviet
policy as well as one of the most persistent
facets.
Everything will be all right, Khrushchev said,
if the United States will just recognize the
Soviet sphere as permanent.
HERE'S WHAT he said: "One thing only is
needed: To recognize what has historically
taken place, that is to recognize that the USSR
exists as a Socialist state, to recognize that
China exists as a Socialist state, to recognize the
existence of other Socialist states ... We for our
part proceed from the realistic conditions of
the existence of such capitalist countries as
the USA, Britain and others and the social
structures of these countries is the domestic
affair of their peoples."
Sounds reasonable, doesn't it? Except that
the boss of both Russian and International
Communism avoids saying anything about the
social structure of the Communist-ruled coun-
tries being the domestic affair of their peoples.
He also fails to rationalize, his statement
about the capitalist countries with the funda-
mental Communist line that they must be
conquered by Communism, with the use of
force to make it stick. It doesn't fit his own
oft-repeated statements about the eventual
peaceful victory of Communism, either.

LI DAILY OFFICIAL. BULLETIN'

,r

PERHAPS WITHIN TEN YEARS:
Trips into Space Coming Soon

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p~m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 22
General Notices
Late Permission: All women students
who attended the lecture at Hill Audi-
torium on Thurs., Oct. 10, had late per-
mission until 10:35 p.m.
College of Architecture and Design,
Main Floor Corridor: "The Graphic
Works' of Ben Shahn," exhibition cir-
culated by the American Institute of
Graphic Arts, shown under the aus-
pices of the Museum of Art; Oct. 11
through 31. Hours: Mon. through Fri.,
8 a.m. to 10 p.m.; Sat., 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.;
closed Sundays. The public is invited.
Homecoming tickets will be sold at
the Union and Diag, Sat., Oct. 12 from
10 to 12 p.m., Mon., through Fri., Oct.
14 to 18, tickets will be sold at the
Union, Engine Arch, and Diag from
9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Lectures
The Third of the Thomas Spencer

Jerome lectures will be given on Mon.,
Oct. 14 at 4:15 p.m. in Aud. B, Angell
Hall. Prof. Adcock will speak on "The
Authority of the Senate."
Academic Notices
Interdepartmental Seminar on Ap-
plied Meteorology: Engineering. Mon.,
Oct. 14, 4:00 p.m., Room 307, West En-
gineering Building. Glenn R. Justema
will speak on "Natural Ventilation of
Buildings." Chairman: Prof. A. B.
Epple.
Physiology 81 examination for non-
dental students will be held in Room
1514, First Floor, East Medical Build-
ing, Mon., Oct. 14 at 8:00 a.m.
Freshman Testing Program: Make-up
sessions for Freshmen who missed any
of the Aptitude Tests given during
Orientation will be held Tues., and
Wed. evenings, Oct. 15 and 16. Please
report on either night to 130 Business
Administration Building on Monroe
Street. Make-ups for the foreign lan-
guage placement test or the engineer-
ing English, mathematics and chemis-
try placement tests will not be given.
For further information call Ext. 2297.
Placement Notices
Personnel Requests:
..Kordite Co., Division of Textron Inc.,
Macedon, N.Y., has an opening for
(Continued on Page 5)

By ALTON BLAKESLEE
Associated Press Science Reporter
SOME BOY or girl now in school
could well become the first
earthling to set foot on the face
of the moon.
The girl, grown into a slim
young woman, could be the first
spaceship pilot, just because she
weighs less.
Space trips by humans are ap-
parently comipg. '
This is the quickening promise
of the space age, opened just six
days ago by Russia's Sputnik, or
baby moon.
Sputnik marks the first break
in the chain of gravity keeping
mankind bound to earth.
The success has expert scien-
tists-Russian and American alike
soberly predicting rocket flights
to the moon within a few to half a
dozen or 10 years or more.
JUST HOW realistic are these
predictions? What are the next
solid steps? Why worry about
space anyhow?
At any moment, the United
States Air Force will launch a

new facts from space about cos-
mic rays and earth magnetism.
This rocket will either burn up
from the friction in the earth's
atmosphere as it plunges back from
space, or it will fall harmlessly
into the Pacific Ocean. It is not
being aimed to become a satellite.,
But it and the baby moon flights
are essential first steps before man
can send rockets to or around the
moon, or ride aboard them him-
self.
First, men want cautiously to
explore the mysterious oceans of
space. What are the hazards, what
peculiar events go on out there?
Sending animals up in moons is
a next stage, says one Russian
scientist, to see how life in the
cosmos affects them.
Pointing to sketches already
drawn by United States and Ger-
man scientists, he foresees creation
of space platforms, circling the
earth much as Sputnik is doing.
These would be created by sending
up cargo rockets, timed to become
a train of closely bunched rockets.
Then, men in self-propelled
space suits, maneuvering in space

need bigger, more powerful rockets
to lift all the weight. They could
come.
Without humans aboard, a
rocket might be sent to the natural
moon very soon; even within a few
months, if enough effort were spent
on it, some United States rocket
men say.
It might land a radio transmitter
there, reporting some of the con-
ditions on the moon.
Scientists already speak of har-
nessing atomic energy to drive
manned rockets on long trips or
vacations into space. The Atomic
Energy Commission is building a
new nuclear rocket propulsion test
site near Las Vegas, Nev. Out of
this might come the reality of
atom-powered space ships.
HUMAN VOLUNTEERS, pro-
tected by space suits, are already
being subjected to conditions they
will meet in space, to see whether
the human body can tolerate them,
or be protected against them. Psy-
chological experiments try to dup-
licate the emotional strains of long
space voyages.
Even if human space travel
should never come about-if it

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