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October 11, 1957 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1957-10-11

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4r Atdligan Battyg
Sixty-Eighth Year

"Those Crazy Egghead Scientists
Hold 'Em Down They'd Want To Rev

"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily exp ress the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.


DAY, OCTOBER 11, 1957


Court Fits Law to Constitution
And to Changing Public Opinion

r 1 PP'iHf NSR

-If You Didn't
ach For The Mc
p -



i -
'Torero '-Barbarism
Beautifully Filmed
BLOOD AND GORE run rampant on the screen of the Campus Theater
this week in the production (more or less) of "Torero."
This is the life story of Luis Procuna, a Mexican bullfiighter. Pro-
cuna and his family portray themselves. The bulls also portray them-
selves. They do a much better job, but come out on the raw end of the
For one who enjoys the cruel and barbarous sport of bullfighting,
"Torero" would probably be a delightful picture. The emphasis is

T THE STROKE of noon last Monday the
Supreme Court of the United States began a
ew term. From the quiet, dignified surround-
igs of its Greek temple, the Court will m'ake
ecisions during the year that cannot help
gut invite criticism from different segments
f our populus.
Already the institution has angered conserva-
ves who believe it is trampling the Constitu-
.on and throwing America open to Communists.
Lnd so the South believes the justices have
aken away all the rights the states possess,
iving them to the central government. And
o will be the essence of the criticism this year.
But the Court has experienced periodical
orms of criticism in its 167 years and it has
icely survived. This term the Court must,
ontend with additional legal cases on racial
itegration and Communist activities.
T IS HOPED the majority of the Court will
continnb the trend of recent years and par-
.cularly of last summer. It has shown an in-
reasing respect; for individual rights and per-
onal freedoms as opposed to broadening use
f authority.
But it would be wise for both critics and
upporters of the Court to reflect on just what

it is they condemn or venerate-namely, one-
third of our national government. A third that
is, supposedly, equal in power to the Executive
and Legislative.
It is true, we think that its power exceeds the
others' by the simple strength of being able to
interpretĀ°the Constitution. Nevertheless, this
should not permit it to be any less subject to
criticism than the other two governmental
THE COURT is not infallible. Occasionally it
will reverse itself, such as it did in the school
segregation decision of 1954. And its political
and social views change with its membership
composition and the times in which it functions.
But when the court does err or greatly vio-
lates the wishes of the public, there must be
critics and-more important-the passing of
time, to set these mistakes right. It was well
put by Justice Cardozo in 1921:
"I sometimes think that we worry ourselves
overmuch about the enduring consequences of
our errors. They may work a little confusion
for a time. In the end they will be modified or
" corrected or their teachings ignored. The future
takes care of such things."



, .-



ewJ9n7 Tpt- hs . tG .5.POT' C.


Dramatic Arts Revival

U.S. Losing Top Scientists

THE *FINAL CURTAIN that came down on
the Drafiatic Art Center's production of
Euripides' "Medea" lapt spring marked the
untimely death of a cultural experience-a
death Ann Arbor should mourn,
DAC was an experiment. It produced the
more philosophical works of great dramatists,
works that deserve to be done but seldom are.
It thought that in a culture-conscious com-
munity like Ann Arbor, people would welcome
the chance to see a professional job of Ibsen,
Shaw or Strindberg. It tried new and revolu-
tionary things with staging, scenery, lighting.
It introduced a new audience-actor intimacy
with the city's only arena theatre. Here viewers
surround players, with the stage a platform in
the middle of the room.
For a while its backers thought that their
experiment's seeds had taken root. After the
usual first-year struggle for recognition, DAC
enjoyed a fairly fruitful second season. But
optimism was short-lived. Last year saw the
beginning of a slump and from there on it was
down hill all the way.
When DAC breathed its last, its passing went
relatively unnoticed.
WHEN A SCIENTIFIC experiment fails, we
try to analyze its content, find out what
ingredient or ingredients were wrong, where
the initial slip-up occurred. Often we can pin
it down to one or two errors. In the case of
DAC this is virtually impossible.
DAC's critics are quick to point out 'the
theatre group was setting the stage for its own

suicide. They say that death was caused by
1) production of plays above the group's poten-
tial; and 2) choice of material whose appeal
was not guaranteed.
Granted that both accusations have some ele-
ment of truth, the fault of failure should not
lie within DAC alone. It reflects even more on
the people of this community.
Understandably the commercial play-stand-
ard sex-comedy that aimis primarily at enter-
tainment-has a high appeal. Many people
attend theatre just to relax and forget the prob-
lems of the day. This explains why the Ann
Arbor Civic Theatre, which features such an
"entertainment bill" was selling standing-
room-only when DAC struggled to fill its ground
BUT IT WOULD seem theatre can and should
serve another purpose: It should stimulate,
challenge and make you think. In this com-
munity, where intellectual pursuit is continually
stressed, it is to our shame, not credit, that the
opportunity was neglected.
What is needed now is interest-the interest
from profesosrs in the University who are con-_
cerned with dramatics, from those who can
procure the necessary financial backing, from
those who can give a fledgling group adequate
backing, and most important, from a potential
audience, theater-goers who want another DAC
and whose attendance at its plays would prove
this desire.
. Activities Editor

WASHINGTON - One of the
least talked about, but very
real reasons why the United States
is lagging behind Russia in scien-
tific development, according to top
scientists, is the witch-hunting
tactics of United States govern-
ment agencies. Scientists have
been investigated, hounded, and
discouraged from working for the
Most notable case was that of
Dr. Robert Oppenheimer, in charge
of the government's atomic pro-
ject at Los Alamos, N. M., who did
such a notable job of speeding
production ofithe Atomic Bomb.
He was publicly investigated on
the order of Chairman Lewis
Strauss of the AEC and his gov-
ernment security clearance re-
moved. Oppenheimer had been en-
trusted with the most vital secrets
of the war, yet after the war, he
was considered a security risk.
His inventive brain is now lost
to the government.
* * *
WHILE THIS is a loss, a much
greater loss was the effect on
other less-known scientists. An un-
told number have either got out of
government projects or shied away
from working for the government.
It happens that scientists tend
to be inquisitive free thinkers.
They have challenging minds. If
hey hadn't, they probably wouldn't
be able to develop such revolution-
ary projects as the A-Bomb, H-

Bomb, and earth satellites. And
they don't relish the prospect of
having their ideas scrutinized by
Admiral Strauss, Senator McCar-
arthy, or Vice-President Nixon
when the latter was master-mind-
ing the House Committee on Un-
American Activities.
The public has little conception
of the lengths to which witgh-
hunting has been carried.
When Dr. Harold Urey of the
University of Chicago, one of the
original builders of the A-Bomb,
was traveling through Europe last
year, he found himself trailed by
State Department agents. Finally.
he demanded a showdown, called
State Department officials into his
office and wanted to know why
they were hounding him. They
Dr. Urey did the research on
heavy water, on uranium 235, and
discovered the hydrogen atom of
atomic weight 2. He is one of the
most eminent physicists in the
world. He had contributed greatly
to the defense of his country dur-
ing the war. And if he was trailed
by State Department agents,- you
can get some idea of what may
happen to younger, less-known
* * *
HERE IS the roll-call of younger
scientists, some of whom made
mistakes, but all of whom were
hounded out of government with

repercussion which discouraged
other scientists:
Frank Oppenheimer, brother of
Robert, who worked on the A-
Bomb project at the University of
California, was investigated by the
House Un-American Activities
Committee, and lost his govern-
ment clearance. Oppenheimer ad-
mitted he made mistakes in his
political associations. A brilliant
scientist, he is now unable to get
a scientific job and is working on
a scientific job and is working on
Bernard Peters, a refugee from
Hitler and a naturalized citizen,
worked on the atomic project dur-
ing the war, was investigated for
his political associations, lost his
government clearance and is now
teaching at the Tata Research In-
stitute in Bombay, India .
David Bohm of the University of
California is one of the leading
authorities on the behavior of
thermonuclear gases. This is of
vital importance right now. After
a congressional investigation, he
lost his security clearance, and is
now teaching in Israel.
Some of these scientists were in-
discreet. Some unwise. Some were
naturalized citizens. Some were
possible security risks. But whether
they were right or wrong, the
government policy of witch-hunt-
ing has discouraged innumerable
other scientists from working for
the government.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)

on the ring and the sport itself.
The story is secondary.
Procuna does only a fair job as
the bullfighter who suffers many
injuries and defeats at the horns
of the bulls, but finally comes out
on top of the heap.
The viewer might well come to
believe that his life was much
more interesting the first time he
lived it. His wife and children
move through the film saying
nothing, but do supply a little of
the appropriate emotion as the
case demands.
* * *
THE MOST interesting and ar-
resting part of the picture could
well lie simply in the study of the
style and grace of the different
bullfighters. The wrist and body
action with the cape is a sight to
be appreciated. What comes after
is the blood of either the bull or
the man. There seems to be a plen-
tiful supply of both. ,
The camera work is excellent.
The crowd shots and the prancing
footwork of both toreador and bull
are magnificently caught by the
camera's roving eye and thrown on
the screen in a seemingly casual
but very artistic manner.
In particular, the crowd scenes
can well serve to make one realize
just why a man, who could choose
so many ways of making a living,
turns to the art of the ring for
his quite lucrative livelihood.
* * *
THE ARDENT approval afforded
by the crowds to the toredor who
does his cruel job well could draw
many a lesser man to risk his life
and pit his craftiness against a
huge, wily animal.
For those who consider bull-
fighting a worthwhile art; for
those who like blood and gore and
have a strong stomach; or for
those who would simply like to see
a well-filmed picture chronicling a
toreador's life with the emphasis
on ring shots, I would heartly
recommend this picture.
"Torero" is not for the lesser
souls who like a good story, prefer
a palatable fare, and are disturbed
by cruelty, barbarism, or blood.
-Le-Anne Toy
to the
From Princeton . .
To the Editor:
LUCKIL, a copy of John Weich-
er'seditorial concerning the
Halton controversy reached the
Princeton campus.
It is amazing that Mr. Weicher
wrote on a 'bject that he seems
to be fully uninformed about. De-
fending - ral tendencies is one
thing, conde"iming them on un-
substantiated "rounds is another.
It is true that ather Hugh Hal-
ton is persona non grata here
at Princeotn. In a statement which
you very liberally quoted, President
Goheen also made it quite clear
that such - situation as a "Prince-
ton" often arises in affairs of state.
A member of a foreign embassy
is declared persona non grata when
he has committeed a treasonable
action or has caused discredit to
! 3 up - ' "f and those con-
nected with his legation. Nonethe-
less thr ^"' 11 reconnized
and alowed the f""" diplomatic
privileges extended to the other
* * *
- ~" case at Princeton.
The Aquinas Foundation still has
fl - - _-sity r -- without
th. Reve"nd Father Halton.
Father Halton has spoken against
"excessive liberalism" here at
Princeton, but has himself been
excessively liberal in being totally
unable to prove any of his claims.

-For three years these claims, or
accusations against Princeton Uni-
versity were ignored by the admin-
In those three years, he has suc-
ceeded in splitting the Roman
Catholic students on the campus
to such a degree that many have
lost their direct interest in their
Aquinas Foundation.
Only after President Goheen
had asked the Bishop of Trenton
to relieve Father Halton and had
been refused, did he act.
* * *
GOHEEN himself must suffer
acute p e r s o n a1 embarrassment
aside from the nationwide notor-
iety it has brought to the school's
doorsteps. His children and his
wife are all devout Roman Catho-
lics and he holds a deep respect for
the teaching of that church.
In a university such as Prince-
ton, where traditional liberalism
and democraby have always freely
nr. ailr~4 s.,,..c...cal har ..sh


T HURSDAY e v e n i n g tenor
Richard Miller, ably assisted
by pianist Charles Fisher, pre-
sented one of the most taxing,
most musical and most tastefully
arranged programs to be heard
on this campus in recent years.
In the seven years since Mr.
Miller was last associated with the
University, he has established
sional standing in Europe, and
himself as an artist of profes-
by this concert, also in America.
MR. MILLER is a very versa-
tile singer despite the fact that
for several years he was the "Ital-
ian" tenor for the Zurich opera.
He switches easily from the ora-
torical style of Hayden to the bel
canto of Bellini to the Lieder style
of Pfitzner and Wolf.
InH his opening number from
Haydn's "The Seasons" he dem-
onstrated that his voice is not
only rich but flexible. In the three
Bellini pieces he proved to be ex-
tremely at home in the very deli-
cate melodic line of the typical
Italian art song, performing them
simply, but with an engaging lilt.
As his tour de force of the
evening, Mr. Miller sang "Quando
le sere al placido" from one of
Verdi's lesser known operas,
"Luisa Miller" (no relation). This
is an extremely difficult aria
rarely performed to perfection
even by the most adept tenors,
and while it was an extremely
brave attempt, one could have
wished for a less ambitious choice,
THE SECOND half of the pro-
gram consisted of Vivaldi, Wolf,
and a miscellany of English songs,
includingsone by that eminent
English composer Rachmaninoff.
Although Antonio Vivaldi is best
known for his small orchestral
pieces, he wrote some beautiful
vocal music that displays some of
the same moving chromaticisms
and melodic lines. These Mr. Mil-
ler performer very competently.
In the five songs by Hugo Wolf,
the recital reached its interpretive
and musical peak. The German
Lieder is the most demanding of
all vocal music to perform, for in
the course of two or three pages
a singer and his accompanist
must create a mood, intensify it
and bring it to its natural close.
This form is the most intense
condensation of expression and
must be very cautiously handled.
Otherwise it degenerates into
mere lushness.
In these pieces Mr. Miller and
Mr. Fisher were as one interpret-
er, as was superbly demonstrated
in "Ein Standchen." Throughout
the concert Mr. Fisher performed
with great finesse,,but in the Wolf
he demonstrated that he was ev-
very bit as professional as the
man whom he was accompanying.
-Allegra Branson
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michiganfor which the
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices forSunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
General Notices

Blue Cross Group Hospitalization,
Medical and Surgical Service Programs
for staff members will be open from
Oct. 7 through Oct. 18, 1957, for new
applications and changes in contracts
now in effect. Staff members who wish
to include surgical and medical serv-
ices should make such changes in the
Personnel Office, Room 1020, Admin-
istration Building. New applications
and changes will be effective Dec. 5,
withthe first payment deduction on
Nov. 30. After Oct. 18, no new applica-
tions or changes can be accepted until
April, 1958.
The Office of Religious Affairs will
hold its Coffee Hour jointly this week
with the Protestant Foundation for
International Students. This event for
all students will be Fri, 4:15 p.m., Lane
Hall, downstairs assembly hall.
College of Architecture and Design,
Main Floor Corridor: "The Graphic
Works of Ben Shahn," exhibition cir-
culated by the American Institute of






Priming the Pumping

Associated Press News Analyst
PLANS FOR PUMPING economic aid into the
Middle East and Africa are mushrooming
all over the lot.
For years, of course, the United States and
Russia have been busy trying to convince these
underdeveloped countries that there is more
butter on one side of the bread than on the
First this developed an effort in the area to
play both ends against the middle. Now it has
produced just what the Russians hoped it
would, a division among the countries them-
selves creating instability, and a leaning by a
minority toward Moscow.
additional effort by the United States and,
while well received in some spots, has been
shunned in others as containing imperialistic
Despite the division thus created in Arab
attitudes, the United States and Britain con-
tinue to cling to the idea that their major
efforts to help underdeveloped countries must
be kept under their own control.
Editorial Staff
Editorial Director City Editor
DONNA HANSON .......... Personnel Director
TAMMY~ MORRISON................ Magazine Editor
EDWARD GERULDSEN . .Associate Editorial Director
WILLIAM HANEY......Features Editor
ROSE PERLBERG..................Activities Editor
CAROL PRINS .....,.....Associate Personnel Director
JAMES BAAD........................ Sports Editor
BRUCE BENNETT ............Associate Sports Editor
JOHN HILLYER .............Associate Sports Editor
CHARLES CURTISS.............. Chief Photographer
,-'. ,

France, however, has called on her colleagues
in the European Economic Community for a
jointeffort in Africa, particularly in North
Africa and the Sahara region, since she no
longer is very active in the area usually termed
Middle Eastern.
FRANCE IS ALSO supporting a movement
for a greater effort on the part of the
United Nations, and made it a part of her
major policy presentment before the General
Assembly this week.
This came only one day after the Public
Affairs Institute, a nonprofit research organiza-
tion, suggested in Washington that the United
States help set up a billion-dollar development
agency to counter Societ activity in the Middle
East alone.
This suggestion is for cooperation between
the United States, the oil-rich countries such
as Iraq, Iran and Saudi Arabia, and the other
oil-developing countries such as Britain, France
and Holland, to help the whole area lift itself
by both loans and bootstraps.
The institute says such a program should be
conducted on a no-strings basis, since Russia,
until her hooks are fixed, makes a great show
of objective aid.
THE REPORT SAYS the Eisenhower Doctrine
is not reaching down to the people, and
that "Russia's capture of the region is being
accomplished now without firing a shot."
Great stress is placed in this survey on
development of natural resources, such as
irrigation systems easily possible along some
of the larger rivers, to take care of increasing
In these developments, Israel would have to
be included, and there is the. rub. The Arabs
will not participate in anything which benefits
Israel or which tends to accept her permanence
pending a settlement of the Palestine refugee
and boundary problems. Until some progress is
made in these fields stability in the area will

A Ride on the Merry-Go-Round

Daily Staff Writer
'MICKEY MOUSE,' which means
excess interest in trivia and
detail, used to be the big Student
Government Council by-word. This
year the word is "josh," which
means the same thing, only with
excessive verbiage added.
Wednesday night's Council meet-
ing was little more than a great
deal of josh over Mickey Mouse.
The meeting took about five hours
and at least three of those hours
were spent debating and redebat-
ing almost trivial -points. The meet-
ing was, in a word, poor, and not
the kind of event that could gener-
ate much campus respect for the
The first issue to take a great
deal of the Council's attention was
the calendaring of Hillelzapoppin,
the Hillel skit show, which involves
most of the Jewish affiliated groups
and an independent group. Hillel
scheduled its show for March 29
at Ann Arbor High School. How-
ever, the high school had to can-
cel because of its own show, and
Hillel was without a date for the
THE CALENDAR committee had
come up with two alternate dates,
Dec. 14, which is the same weekend
as MUSKET and the same day as
quad dances, and March 15, which
conflicted with sorority rush.
Then the merry-go-round began.
Don Young told the Council four
times that the Union had $10,000
2 - +- A ~-.L . 2 TTCQT lrr .- A ..h. -

dates. These were discussed at
After almost an hour of this,
the alternate dates were referred
back to the Calendar Committee,
a move which should have been
made a half hour earlier.
The next debate topic was SGC
elections conduct. Scott Chrysler
moved that the Council make plans
to move voting booths into the
nearest building if it rained, but
with the voting booths closed dur-
ing the lunch hour in the quads.
Last year, Chrysler said, "kids
practically voted as they punched
their meal tickets" and a great
many more voted in the quads
than would have had it not rained.
This biased the vote in favor of
independents, he claimed.
** *
gan again. If more people vote, it
will be good, somebody said. We
can place the booths a long way
from the lines somebody said. "But
students still mill around," was
the answer. And on and on it went'
with some claiming that closing
the booths in the quads would bias
the election in favor of. affiliates.
Finally, Joe Collins amended
Chrysler's motion to say that a1
booths be closed during lunch
hour. This might have put a brake
on the discussion, except that
people then couldn't understand
whether the motion meant the
election booths were to be closed
every lunch hour or just rainy
ones This tooks ome time to

would it be the Council members
who were elected but not up for
re-elections, or would it be the
Then, if the Councl decided to
make up the questions, all of the
above must be worked out again.
This took more than an hour. The
Council finally approved a motion
which set up space for three ques-
tions and space for the candidate
to say anything he wants, with
The Dialy submitting five ques-
tions to be approved by a five-man
committee made up of the execu-
tive committee members not up
for re-election, the elections direc-
tor and Councl members.
The Council meeting was high-
lighted by snipes at various other
member's personalities and infer-
ential attacks claimed at the Ex-
ecutive Committee, which is elect-
ed by the Council.
* * *
WELL, THIS is Student Govern-
ment Council at its worst. It should
be noted here that this type of
behavior characterizes not every
member of the Council and no
member of the Council all the
time. It's just that on some days
things get bogged down.
The merry-go-round does not
take off every week; often meet-
ings are efficient and the Council
accomplishes worthwhile tasks
Below is a copy of part of the
test Panhellenic Association gave
to sorority presidents yesterday, at
a Panhel delegates meeting:
1), m17 a is lip fn. msh-rch



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