"What Are You Going To Do About It, Chum?"
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r FEW students know of the opportunity to hear outstanding
performances of excellent music by School of Music faculty mem-
bers and advanced students. All too often we are prone to scoff at these
"free" recitals as being worth just what they cost-nothing. This is
most unfortunate because it is so far from the truth.
Many of these School of Music recitalists are of professional cali-
ber and give performances equal and often superior to those we pay
to hear in Hill Auditorium. Add to this the fact that the music per-
formed on these programs is usually of more interest and far less
hackneyed than we have in the professional concerts. Such was cer-
Y, OCTOBER 9, 1957
NIGHT EDITOR: JIM BOW
Franee Now Standing
At the Crossroads of Ideology
THE CRISIS in the French Cabinet, which
came about last week when the government
Df Premier Bourges-Maunoury fell in a confi-
lence vote over a proposed settlement of the
Algerian question, has still not been resolved.
The present attempt of former Premier Mol-
.et to form a cabinet has, so far, met with little
mthusiasm and seems doomed before it can
For this and other reasons, many observers
eel this crisis may be the most serious France
has faced since the end of World War II. They
point out, quite correctly, that the people of
France are becoming more and more fed up
with weak coalition governments which are
orced to compromise so much on most is-
ues that whatever proposals they eventually
settle on usually are too weak or ineffective to
leal successfully with the problem at hand.
A typical example is the reform plan which
was recently proposed for Algeria by the fallen
government. This plan, which could have
brought a possible halt to a revolt annually
costing France a billion dollars, would have
plit Algeria into six autonomous districts.
ALTHOUGH the plan fell far short of the
demands on either side, there was much
popular sentiment for passage among many
Frenchmen who were tired of the ruinous in-
flation and the heavy tax burdens which have
grown out of attempts to quell the Algerian
Unfortunately, the moderate leftist and cen-
er groups which had long favored some con-
cessions to Algeria did not have enough voting
strength to put the plan over, and the govern-
This was almost to be expected, for a major-
ity in the National Assembly must come from
just two thirds of the delegates, because the
over 200 Communists, Poujadists, and Gaul-
lists nearly always vote against any construc-
tive measure proposed by the cabinet.
The end result of all this is that 23 govern-
ments have been formed and fallen since the
inception of the 4th French Republic in 1946.
MANY PEOPLE now feel the present crisis
will be the last straw, and that the French
citizen is finally ready to do something about
it, although no one is sure just what.
Some suggest that the constitution will be
changed to model closely that of the United
States. This move, incidentally, has been ad-
vocated for a long time by Charles DeGaulle
who has been out of the political limelight
since the end of the provisional government
Others say France is not yet ready for this
move or for any. such drastic step quite yet.
This seems more likely. .
The situation as it exists today is certainly
most serious, but it has not yet reached the
stage where chaos is present and all govern-
ment is impossible.
When, and if, this day comes, France will
be at the crossroads tottering between demo-
cracy, anarchy, fascism and communism.
Let us hope that day will never dawn and
that it is not here.
4) t9 f ?PS t ' '
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
New Library System Explained
The Moon"-A Tragedy
M Y FRIENDS who are English majors and I
have often gone about it and about as to
whether reading English literature is a very
useful allocation of time. They vouch for the
"great truths" which Sophocles, Dickens, Dos-
toevskiDrieser, O'Neill and such have tried to
"express"-the tragedy of life, man's inade-
quacy before fate's plan.
As a social scientist, I, in semi-seriousness,
argue that life as I see it 24 hours a day and as
I read about it in the newspapers is tragedy
enough. It is more real and contemporary than
the legendary works of the Greeks and Shake-
speare, more real, alone, than O'Neill's or
Miller's fictional fabrications of the life drama.
For me, life itself 'is a play, a long novel acted
by strutting, fretting, living and real beings,
acting a tragedy which Brooks Atkinson de-
scribes like this: "The theory of tragedy is
that man is not the master of his soul. The
great decisions are made by forces beyond his
control--by the gods, the fates or the con-
sciousness of the universe. 'The judgments of
the Lord are true and righteous altogether.'"
Without necessarily agreeing with Atkinson
about why man is not master of his fate and
soul, I would like to speak only on the point
that he is not, that all his progress brings an
adjacent retrogression-as if, for every action
there is an equal and opposite reaction, even
in the social sciences.
T HIS TRAGEDY of the real human drama
played its most recent scene, of late, when
the Russians launched the first earth satellite
in man's journey to the stars. But, before this
event, the progress-retrogression tragedy had
been acted in so many other places.
As man becomes more educated, his sinister
use of knowledge becomes more disastrous. Be-
coming educated, his greatest wisdom is the
frustration of knowing how much he doesn't
know. As he probes into the physical world, his
discoveries don't exalt him and make him feel
the greater and more ingenious for it, but he
learns he's a speck upon a sphere rotating in
space, which revolves around a star, which is
a speck of a galaxy, which is merely one galaxy
ad infinitum. As he learns more of himself,
he finds himself to be a descendent from the
ape and a bundle of psychological desires.
As man uses his knowledge to make new
things, these things turn upon him. The work-
ing power of the uranium atom, potentially a
boon to agriculture, industry and transporta-
tion, at Hiroshima and Nagasaki snuffs 200,000
PETER ECKSTEIN, Editor
JAMES ELSMAN, JR. VERNON NAHRGANG
Editorial Director City Editor
DONNA HANSON...............Personnel Director
TAMMY" MORRISON ... . ........Magazine Editor
EDWARD GERULDSEN ...Associate Editorial sDirector
WILLIAM HANEY.................Features Editor
ROSE PERLBERG................Activities Editor
CAROL PRINS..........Associate Personnel Director
JAMES BAAD ........................ Sports Editor
BRUCE BENNETT ............Associate Sports Editor
JOHN HILLYER ...............Associate Sports Editor
CHARLES CURTISS.............Chief Photographer
JAMES ELSMAN JR. I
lives. The plane, train and auto, speedy con-
veyors of man from place to place, also snatch
his life in accidental piles of twisted, smoking
steel. And TV sets, those great pastimes, are
just as great idlers of the active mind.
As man lauds his new freedom, he's trapped
in chains less obvious. Most men are free to
choose their jobs, but really what freedom does
the Organization Man have or the employe
of a socialist board of directors. The passing
of colonialism has freed many from the fetters
of foreigners, turning them to the fetters of
fanatic nationalism which tolerates little devia-
tition. As came to the fore in Little Rock, politi-
cal power in coming to exist in fewer men in
fewer places-necessary though, for a force
wanting segregation had to be opposed by an
AS MAN POSSESSES more leisure, his lot be-
comes the more miserable and tragic. The
unprecedented opulence of this country has
been accompanied by soaring rates of alcohol-
ism, dope addiction and the tranquilizer habit.
Cigarettes, foremost of our luxuries, have prob-
ably encouraged the lethal disease, cancer.
While basking in our luxury, we have sent an
increasing number of people to mental institu-
tions-a happy, satisfied lot, We are. Because
food is bountiful, men gorge themselves, their
obesity causing heart attacks, their candied
menus causing cavities. When man has& more
free time to spend with his family and loved
ones, he gives them less time-the TV, club
and himself more; the family of Western
society crumbles; divorce rates edge up in the
long run; sexual morality is diving down. At
times when men have been best provided for-
at least in the United States most still believe
God is to be thanked-the churches and syna-
gouges grow taller, more dazzling, but the serv-
ices colder and less significant.
And so man acted his endless tragedy last
Friday. Then, the Russians sent the first man-
made moon 560 miles up to circle the earth.
Man began to step feebly on his way to the
moon, even to the stars.
Scientifically, man stands to learn more
about the configuration of the world he lives
on, the air around it, the weather that affects
it, and -most significantly - will come the
groundwork of space travel.
THE TRAGEDY OF IT all is from the military
and political perspectives. Here man retro-
gresses as he progresses. Are the Soviets ahead
in the arms race? Can they bomb us from the
moon in time? Does this prove anything about
the efficacy of the socialist system and its
educational program? These are the questions
which preoccupy the tragic characters of the
world stage at a time when man has just
New Books at the Library
Dexter, Charles, The Street of Kings; N.Y.,
Eiseley, Loran, The Immense Journey; N.Y.,
Random House, 1957.
Farwell, Byron, The Man Who Presumed:
a biography of Henry M. Stanley; N.Y., Holt,
The Facts .. .
To the Editor:
SHOULD like to correct sever-
al misconceptions and one er-
ror of fact regarding the Univer-
sity Library reported in Richard
Taub's account in The Daily, Fri-
day, October 4, of the proceedings
of the Student Government Coun-
cil meeting on the preceding
Apparently it was reported to
the Council that "about 22,000
books are now lost or stolen from
the generdi library each year."
This is an exaggeration. We esti-
mate that annually about 400-500
books are removed from the Gen-
eral Library collections without
being charged out and are not re-
turned: Even this number of
books lost is distressing, however.
Despite the fact that book losses
make serious difficulties for both
students and librarians, all stu-
dents will be given free access to
the Undergraduate Library col-.
AS A deterrent to the absent-
minded and forgetful who might
remove books from the building
without charging them out and
to the misguided very few mem-
bers of our academic community
who might wish to build private
libraries at the expense of their
fellows, controls will be instituted
simildr to those used in almost
every large university or public
Everyone leaving the 'wilding
will be required to show the books
he is carrying to attendants sta-
tioned at the exits. Similar
"checkout" stations will be in-
stalled also in the General Library
building. We hope eventually to
extend free access to the stacks
in that building to a larger per-
centage of the student body.
Such exit controls cannot be
completely efficacious. To a very
considerable extent we shall al-
ways depend upon the intelli-
gence and conscience of all mem-
bers of the student body to en-
force the regulations governing
book loans and reserve books in
I am confident that the exten-
sion of student library privileges
offered by the new Undergradu-
ate Library will reduce, not in-
crease, the abuse of those privi-
According to the article in The
Daily, it was reported that there
would be "proctors walking about
the study halls (of the Under-
graduate Library) to answer ques-
tions." This elicited the criticism
that if the proctors are there sole-
ly to answer questions, this type
of program will be high schoolish,
noisy and wasteful. "If, however,
the proctors are there to maintain
order and watch for people who
might be interested in stealing
books . . , open stacks then be-
come little more than a shabby
public relations facade . . . We
don't need any more hypocrisy."
* * *
I SHOULD like to assure the
Student Government Council and
all students who have read the
account of their recent discussion,
of the following:
1) There will be no "proctors"
in the "study halls." There will be
clerks at the charging desks on
each floor and a staff of reference
librarians on the first floor who
will attempt to assist all students
who request aid in learning to use
the catalog, indexes, bibliogra-
phies and other reference ma-
terials and, generally, in learning
how to identify and find the
books and periodicals they need
for their work.
There will be stack attendants,
also, moving about unobtrusively
to replace books on the shelves
and to make sure that the books
are arranged in proper order.
Their assignment is not supervi-
sory and the acoustics in the new
library should make their work
2) There will be no "study
halls" in the usual sense. Each of
the large reading areas is divided
into numerous smaller areas by
the book cases and by screens to
afford a sense of semi-privacy
and reduce the distraction of hav-
ing many people walk by.
3) The entire purpose of ,the
new building is to improve li-
brary service to undergraduates
and give the library a more im-
portant share in the educational
process. It has been planned and
designed to make the use of books
and journals as efficient, conven-
ient, and pleasant as possible.
If we have failed to provide this
campus with the most inviting
undergraduate library facility in
the United States it will be as a
result of human error, and not
-Frederick H. Wagman
Director, University Library
tainly the case when Frances Greer
of Music performed in Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre last night.
MISS GREER, a former mem-
ber of the Metropolitan Opera, a
well-known recitalist, and a won-
derful personality, sang a program
of less well-known, but splendid
songs to her responsive audience.
Appearing in a striking, close-
fitting black gown with a large
fuchsia bow setting it off, Miss
Greer opened her program with
two English songs. Mozart's aria
"Al desio" from Le Nozze di Fig-
aro (although not included in per-
formance of the opera) was well
sung with good spirit. A slight
tremolo was notable at times in
this aria, but seemed to disappear
A group of three Debussy songs
entitled "Trois chansons de Bili-
tis" opened the second portion of
the program, and here Miss Greer
began to cast the magic spell that
binds the artist and her audience
together in perfect sympathy. Few
singers anywhere today can sing
with such wholehearted feeling
and yet not lose the musical value
of the works. Miss Greer delves
into the depths of every song she
sings and brings out all the
nuance possible in her interpreta-
tions. Some people may feel that
she is affected, but in my opinion
her obvious sincerity rules out all
The delicate atmosphere so oft-
en associated with Debussy's mu-
sic was superbly created by this
artist and her magnificent ac-
companist, Eugene Bossart.
The French section continued
with a splendidly sung, carefree
song by Poulenc. Other songs by
Hahn and Gaubert closed this
* * *
FOLLOWING the intermission,
Miss Greer sang five songs in
English, including the dramatic,
recitative-like "I Am Like a Rem-
nant of a Cloud of Autumn" by
Carpented. Niles' lovely arrange-
ment of "Go 'Way From My Win-
dow" was given an almost popular
interpretation which was carried
out well. Personally, I did not care
for this approach to the song, but
credit must go to the artist for
the excellent realization of her
The program closed with five
popular Argentine songs by Gin-
astera. The mournful, sad feeling
which permeates the first two
songs was eloquently brought out
by Miss Greer. The closing song
of the group was given a spirited
and enthusiastic performance by
both the singer and the pianist.
* * *
MISS GREER was greeted by
tremendous applause and was pre-
sented with several bouquets, aft-
er which she sang two encores.
No review of this recital would
be complete without applauding
the splendid support the singer
received from Eugene Bossart,
also of the School of Music fac-
ulty, at the piano. No artist could
ask for more than he gave.
of the voice faculty of the School
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Dailyaassumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1957
VOL.,LXVU, NO. 19
Senior Men planning graduate study
(next year or after military service)
toward a college teaching career, vitally
interested in a religious faith, and not
more than 30 years old, are invited to
apply for a Danforth Graduate Fellow-
ship for use at any American univer-
sity. Renewable until Ph.D. completed,
and may be held concurrently with
Rhodes, Wodrow Wilson, etc., to take
effect when latter expires. $1400 per
year plus tuition and dependency al-
Meeting in Room 3-Y of Michigan
Union, Thurs., Oct. 10 at 4:10 p.m. If
unable to attend, see Prof. Robert
Blood, 5622 Haven Hall (Danforth
Foundation Lison Officer at this
A Short Course in elementary pro-
gramming for the IBM Type 650 Com-
puter and an introduction of the IT
Compiler will be given Oct. 14-25, Mon.,
Wed., Fri. 3-5 p.m., Room 2037, Angell
Hall. Please contact Mrs. Brando, Ext.
2168 if you plan to attend.
Agenda, Student Government Council,
October 9, 1957.
Minutes of the meeting of October
Officers' Reports: President: In-
creased Enrollment Committee, Cam-
pus Chest Allocations, Union Board of
Directors, Exec. Vice Pres.: Pep rally
conduct, Lecture committee, student
representatives, Student Travel Con-
Admin, Vice President.
Treasurer - Finance report, budget.
Committee reports: National and In-
ternational: NSA Tours, Bob Arnove,
Connie Hill, NSA Congress report.
Student 'Activities Committee: Resi-
dence Halls financing, Activities' Cal-
endar, Activities for consideration
Elections Committee: Booth place-
ment, Phil Zook, Residence Halls Rules.
Office Manager, report Audrey Cook.
Public Relations: post election con-
Education and Social Welf*.-
Special Committee reports: Daily
supplement, Honor System Referen-
dun, Student Book Exchange.
Old and new business.
Members and constituents time.
Next Meeting: October 16, 1957
All Lecture course Tickets on sale to-
day. Single admissions to all the num-
bers on the U of M Lecture Course go
on sale today at 10 a.m. in Hill Audi-
torium box office. Season Tickets are
still available with students being of-
fered a special rate of $3.50 for the
complete course, second balcony, un-
reserved. George Jessel, termed "Toast-
master general of the U.S." will open
the series tomorrow night, 8:30 p.m.
Carillon Recital: 7:15 p.m. Thurs.,
Oct. 10, by sidney Giles, Assistant Uni-
versity Carillonneur, the third in a
series of fall recitals. Compositions for
the carillon by W. Lawrence Curry,
Kamiel Lefevere and Georges Clement;
arrangements for carillon by Peter Be-
noit, J. S. Bach, Leo Dilibes, and Franz
Faculty Recital: Frances Greer, so-
prano, will be heard at 8:30 p.m. Tues.,
Oct. 8, in Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.
in the first facultyrrecital of the cur-
rent academic year. She will be ac-
companied by Eugene Bossart, pianist.
Compositions by Boyce, Leveridge and
Mozart, Debussy, Poulenc, Hahn and
Gaubert; a group of English songs, and
Cinco Canciones Populares Argentinas
by Ginastera. The general public will
be admitted without charge.
Law School Admission Test: Appli-
cation blanks for the Law School Ad-
mission Tests are now available at 122
Rackham Building. Application blanks
for the Nov. 9, 1957 administration
must be received in Princeton, New
Jersey not later than Oct. 26, 1957,
Medical College Admission Test: Ap-
plication blanks for the Oct. 29, 1957
administration of the Medical College
Admission Test are now available at
122 Rackham Building. Application
blanks are due in Princeton, N.J. not
later than Oct. 15, 1957.
Engineers: Campus interviewing and
job placement will be discussed by
Prof. John G. Young, assistant to the
dean of engineering, at a meeting open
to all engineering students. Wed, and
Thurs., Oct. 9 and 10 at 4:00 p.m. in
Room 311. West Engineering Building.
German Make-up Examinations, Sat.,
Oct. 12, from 10 to 12 a.m. in Room 3
Tappan Hall. Please register with the
departmental secretary, 108 Tappan
Hall, by Friday noon, Oct. 11.
Engineering Freshman Assembly Wed.,
Oct. 9 at 2 p.m. and 4 p.m. in the Ar-
chitecture Auditorium. Bring the two
sheets on the slide rule.
STRANGER IN THE SKY:
The Soviet Satellite-How It Got There
By ALTON BLAKESLEE
Associated Press Science Reporter
A STRANGE new moon stamped
"made in Russia" is racing
around the world over the heads
of startled, puzzled people.
The Russians calmly say they'll
give this baby moon a brother very
soon. They hint of bigger surprises
to come. They even talk of landing
on the real moon in fairly brief
years to come.
Questions flood forth in a tor-
rent. What does it all mean? How
can a moon be hung in the sky?
Why? Does is spell good or evil?
For one thing, it means mankind,
has entered the space age of his
destiny. Something created by hu-
man hands has started exploring
mysteries and secrets of space. It's
the first step toward human travel
* * *
RUSSIANS-delighted and tri-
umphant-have won an unofficial
race to do it first. A leading Soviet
scientist frankly calls it a test
moon. It may be relatively simple.
But unquestionably it represents
an enormous prestige and propa-
ganda victory of the Soviet Union.
Secretly, saying very little, the
Soviets slammed ahead, and some
reasons for their win are becoming
To many Americans, at least,
Exploring space is a prime goal.
And artificial moons, packed with
instruments to act as man's eyes,
ears, and hands and skin, can
really tell us what space is like,
what lies out there.
About two years ago, Russia and
the United States each said she
would tackle baby moon programs.
There's nothing mysterious in
how you do it.
You sling-shot the moon up,
high enough, fast enough, in the
right direction or angle.
Powerful rockets, firing and then
dropping off in stages to boost the
speed, are the sling. The moon is
cradled in the nose.
The rocket first rises straight up.
Then its flight is controlled so it
curves, and flies parallel to the
earth at a pre-selected altitude.
A 4 e
NOW THE FINAL rocket fires,
shoving the moon forward, then
letting it go.
The tremendous speed keeps the
moon going, with no more "gas"
needed. The speed is critical.
Shoot the moon forward at only
10,000 miles an hour, and gravity
hauls it back to earth, as with a
Shoot it 18,000 mph, and the
moon gets in balance with gravity.
Gravity tries to pull it back, but
only succeeds in making it curve
around the earth. That's exactly
The fantastically thin amount of
air finally slows the moon down-
after days, weeks, or years-and it
spirals down into the thick atmos-
phere to burn up and disappear
like a shooting star.
Successfully hanging a moon in
the sky is, of course, exquisitely
difficult, Everything must work
From the outset, the United
States openly reported all its de-
veloping plans, for the benefit of
all other IGY nations.
Russia said very little officially.
Until the stunning news last Fri-
day that a moon weighing 184
pounds -, nine times the U.S.
weight-was right then speeding
around the earth at 560-mile
height every hpur and a half. It's
a ball 23 inches wide.
* * *
HOW DID they do it? Why no
"We do not brag about plans in
advance. We wait until the experi-
ment is successful," said Soviet
Until Russia discloses her story,
there are only the guesses and
viewpoints of U.S. and other ex-
perts. Listing some:
Russia undoubtedly has an ex-
cellent corps of scientists.
From the start, she wedded her
moon effort to her military rocket
Her success means she has ex-
cellent rocketry and guidance
Some observers think she waited
until her moon was up before giv-
ing any inkling of the attempt. A
failure would be embarrassing,
though certainly explainable due
to difficult pioneering.
Russia reports the very first
The moon is broadcasting radio
signals. These are being used to
determine the exact orbit. With
that known, scientists can tell you
where and when to look at dusk or
dawn to see this first space ex-
plorer. You'll probably need binoc-
One Soviet expert says it con-
tains only batteries and the radio
voice to track it. But another says
that it is also counting the cosmic
dust or meteorites it whams into
in space. It could be radioing that
knowledge back in a code.
ACCURATE observations of the
flight path can tell much about the
thinness of air in space, something
about the shape of the earth, and
how to improve the launching or
behavior of future moons.
Whether Russia will report all
this moon learns is somewhat un-
clear. A Soviet spokesman says it