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September 27, 1957 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1957-09-27

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Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom



See rage4


No. 9



eporter Finds School Calm:




y Reverses




)setting' Order
>ops Falsely Told To Prepare
Riot Duty and Civil Disorder
NGTON (A') - Amid confusion in the Pentagon, Secretary
y Wilbur Bruckcer last night countermanded an order to
in the South to train for riot duty and get ready to speed
civil disorder.
der, issued by some unnamed high sources in the Penta-
nt out Wednesday and was prompted by the Little Rock
tion riots which caused President Dwight D. Eisenhower
high school integration there with the bayonets of para-
tie existence of the order was revealed yesterday, high dffi-'
.sly felt it would lead to a belief that the Army was ex-
pecting widespread violence in the


Dag Gains.
Top Post
Once More
Dag Hammarskjold, Swedish prac-
titioner of "quiet diplomacy" was
named yesterday to a second five-
year term as secretary general of
the United Nations.
'The bachelor diplomat won the
unanimous recommendation of the
11-nation Security Council yester-
day morning and the 80-0 approval
of the 82-nation General Assembly
in the afternoon.
Israel was absent because of the
Rosh Hashonah holiday,.but sent
word it endorsed his re-election..
One ballot' was invalid.
Hammarskjold's reappointment
proved he. had kept, the friendship
of nations large and small, Com-
munist and nion-Communist,
through conlnued cold, war, the
windup of the Korean conflict and
last fall's Middle Eastern and
Hungarian hostilities.
It also reflected his success in
getting 15 United States airmen
out of Chinese~Communist prisons
in 1955 and in reaching agreement
witli Egypt for the , N to send in
an Emergency Force and clearing
the Suez Canal after the British-
French and Israeli invasions in
There were no other candidates
for his job. His new term starts
next April 10.


Entry to Class
Student Paas

oon Hits
Y, Base

Take Elsman
From School


After worried huddles. with oth-
er officials, Brucker issued this
statement last night:
"I learned today of a precau-
tionary' training directive sent
yesterday to certain regular Army
units directing an increased em-
phasis on training for riot duty
under Field-Manual 19-15 and for
organization and training for air,
and motor movement.
"The issuance of this order was
suggested by the recent emergen-
cy employment of units of the
101st Airborne Division in Little
Rock, Ark,
"Realizing that this order
might be subject to misinterpreta-
tion, J have directed that it be
revoked immediately."

wa (')-Treacher-
'aye unexpectedly
sleeping American
a yesterday.
Le winds smashed
>uses, overturned
;hing vessels and
Jnited States ser-

(EDITOR'S NOTE-: The following
is the personal account of Jim Els-
man's experience as the only news-
paperman to get inside the newly-
integrated Central High School.)
Daily Editorial Director
Special to The Daily
I was in my seat at 8:45 for my
first class at Little Rock Central
High School.
Ironically, this, was a history
class. But while thesestudents
were studying history, they were
also making it. Two seats to my
left sat Jefferson Thomas, one of-
the Brave Nine. When I told him
I was an imposter - a reporter
from the North-he smiled -like
any adolescent when someone is
putting something over on the
He answered two questions with
a good-willed pattness; well.
coached by the NAACP.
"Have any trouble today?"
"No sir."
"Expect any trouble any more?"
"I don't expect any."
Sold Picture
Jefferson then bored into his
textbook and I proceeded to snap
his picture with a borrowed $15
camera. (Time-Life later bought
this shot--sight unseen-after bid-
ding a top price of $200 on condi-
tion that they mail The Daily a
print immediately.)
A click of my shutter set the
class buzzing over my presence, a
situation which caught the teach-
er's attention when she walked
into class. This time I answered
two questions:
"Do I have a new student to-
day?" (Looking at me.)
"No Ma'am."
"Do you belong here?"
"No ma'am."
Whereupon followed a beckon
and a reminiscence -filled trip to
the principal's office. The woman
asked four soldiers-there were
between 50 and 80 in the school's
corridors-to guard the integrated
class during her absence. We chat-
ted, and she told me she had once
worked in Ann Arbor for Survey-
Research Qenter.

For Union Election

the pep rally "had the effect
of turning what barbaric feel-
ings exist away from the Ne-
groes and toward the Istrou-
ma High "Indians."
Attendance Higher

WASHINGTON (AX) - The Senate Rackets Committee yesterday
excused James R. Hoffa from testifying before it until he has won or.
lost his battle for the presidency of the giant Teamsters Union.
Chairman Sen. John L. McClellan (D-Ark.) said the committee
also has decided to delay the questioning of Benjamin Franklin Col-
lins, indicted with Hoffa Wednesday on perjury charges brought:
by a federal grand jury in New York.
But Sen. McClellan said the committee has no intention of halt-
ing its investigation of Hoffa, already accused by witnesses of'mis-
using union funds and powers.
It had been planned to call Hoffa on Saturday, but George Fitz-
gerald, his lawyer, pleaded for a delay until after the Teamsters'
election in Miami Beach, Fla., 1

.".". we want peace .f. .to keep the peace
Senate Excuses Hoffa

Called for
By YFaubu

Soldiers Replai
Student Monito
Cheerleaders Dart from Room
To Room Arousing School Spi
Special to The Daily
LITTLE ROCK, Ark. - Football and dances-noti
or even integration - were in the-minds of the' stud(
Little Rock's Centrarl High School yesterday.,
More than 50 soldiers guard its halls in place of thi
student monitors, a grim reminder of what has gone
and what may come. But the atmosphere isn't military
of the soldiers are under 21 years of age, and they :
exchange smiles, small talk and laughter with the only
ly-younger students.
Throughout homeroom period the school's cheer
were darting from room to room, rousing the spirits of
preparation for today's football game. Although it m
have been planned that way,Q

government re-
wans dead, 17
11 missing, 417
and 855 dam-

Lose Homes
her sources said up to 2,200
awans lost their homes.
ie unidentified American Ma-
hit by flying debris, was in
cal condition at Ryukus Army
3ital with a skull fracture.
,n other Americans were hos-
ized for uts and bruises. An-
r 24 were treated and released.
ye, only a tropical storm with
ile winds most of Wednesday,
been expected to pass well off
Okinawa coast.
Becomes Typhoon I
t about midnight it suddenly
oned into a major typhoon,
ed sharply and raged up the
ile length of this strategic
ed States base, 400 miles off
ted China coast.
struck at . about 3 a.m., and
,ll clear was not sounded until


Top Arabs Fear Syria,
s Future Tinder BoX
DAMASCUS, Syria () - A new Arab summit conference was re-
ported In the making yesterday as King Saud of Saudi Arabia took
up the role of middleman in an effort to prevent a blowup over leftist
A dramatic sample of Saud's intervention as peacemaker was
the arrival here yesterdayby Premier Ali Jawdat of Iraq, a member of
the anti-Communist Baghdad Pact.
The cousin kings of Hashemite Iraq and Jordan have been feud-
ing with Syria and- Egypt over policies which seemed to be opening
"the gates to Soviet penetration of
the Middle East, and have had a
Eisenhowef' generations-old feud with the
Saudi Arabians as well.
Takes C rsBut the Hashemite-Saudi quar-
rel appeared patched up last
spring when Saud openly sup-
In Atom ie Sub ported Jordan's -King Hussein in
ridding his kingdom of its leftist
NEWPORT, R. I. (JP)-President pro-Egyptian government.
Dwight D. Eisenhower took' an A strong anti-Communist, Saud
underseals cruise at a depth of 60 has cooperated with President
feet in the atomic submarine Sea- Dwight D. Eisenhower's policy in
wolf yesterday, the Middle East, but is reported
President Eisenhower made his- deeply disturbed 'at the split in
tory in being the first president to Arab ranks over Syria's leftward
ride a nuclear-powered sub. trend.
He was not the first president, If convinced that Syria's accep-
however, to dive in a submarine. tance of Soviet arms and eco-
President Theodore Roosevelt nomic aid still leaves her capable
made the first trip down, on Aug. of warding off threats of Soviet
25, 1909, and President Harry S. domination, it appeared he would
Truman. later made a similar voy- try to smooth over that quarrel as
age. well.

next week.
The 44-year-old Hoffa is the
front-runner for the presidency
but some of his opponents claim'
he has beenlosing ground because
of the Senate hearing and the
criminal charges made against
him recently.
Hoffa, retiring President Dave
Beck and other members of the
Teamsters' hierarchy have been
ordered to show cause infederal
court here today why the union's
election should not be delayed.
A group of rank-and-file mem-
bers from the New York area al-
leged the election has been rigged
in Hoffa's favor.
$7 Weekly
WASHINGTON () - James R.
Wadlington, of Detroit, said yes-
terday he averages about 7 dollars
weekly pay from a car wash oper-
ated on a non-union basis by
Ziggy Snyder, a Teamsters Union
organizer employed by James R.
After Wadlington gave t h i s
testimony to the Senate rackets
committee Chairman Sen. John
L. McClellan (D-Ark.) remarked:
"I can't understand people go-
ing around and. picketing other
folks' places paying that kind of

Gyirard :Says.
He Bid Not
MAEBASHI, Japan (AP)-GI de-
fendant William 8. Girard denied
yesterday he had: shouted "get
out" at Japanese shell pickers the
day he is accused of killing a
woman at the Somagahara firing
. His denial surprised his own,
chief counsel and complicated his
defense in the eyes of listeners at
his Japanese trial on manslaugh-'
ter charges.
Itsuro Hayashi, his chief lawyer,
had been preparing to make a
point of the testimony of a prose-
cution witness, Hidetsugu Onozeki,
another scrap collector, that Gir-
ard shouted "get out" or "get out
of here" before' firing his rifle
grenade launcher and killing Mrs.
Naka Sakai on Jan. 30.
Hayashi said this indicated Gir-
ard's state of mind at the time of
the shooting and that he was act-
ing under orders.
',Maj. Stanley Levin, the Ottawa,
Ill., soldier's Army adviser, said,
however, that "Girard told the
truth as he knows it."
The court heard only one of six
scheduled prosecution witnesses,
and Girard yesterday then sched-
uled the next session of the on-
again, off-again trial for Oct. 3.


$ome Stay Hone

'he Okinawa Star reported the
and was caught completely off
ard. Planes at Kedena and Naha
bases were picked up and hurl-
'eXas A&M 1
y Asian Flu
DALLAS, Tex. UP) - The super-
endent of the Texas A&M Col-
e hospital said yesterday the
-outbreak among Aggie stu-
ats has been diagnosed as Asi-
Of the approximately 1,600
>es treated since last. week, the
jority were Asian flu cases,"
dI Dr. C. R. Lyons.
-e said 1,200 cases of flu among
dents are being treated.
)r. Lyons said the State Board
Health at Austin diagnosed
cimens sent there as Asian flu.
Mhe flu outbreak continued to
ead over Texas. One school in
uston was closed yesterday.
afore than 1,000 of Baylor Uni-
sity's 5,000 students at Waco
e ill with an average of 200
orting on sick call daily at the
f " - + r r. oar

Attendance was somewhat
higher yesterday than the day be-
fore. About 1400 students came to
school, as against the 2000 who
normally converse in the halls
lined with dance posters and ath-
letic trophies and sit politely in
the crowdec classrooms.
But the nonchalance of the stu-
dents in Central High, which
makes them seem remarkably like
those in Western State High in
Kalamazoo, may oe deceptive.
The school's prettiest girl may
devote several minutes to helping
a shy Negro boy in the back of the
room with his schedule. The white
students may act quite natural as
they sit all around him in the
small room. And they may seem
to reflect on their faces and in
their answers to questions that
they are answering history's call
to be something greater than their


Irate Words
After irate words from the prin-
cipal, I was escorted casually out-
side by a soldier, to be dressed
down by anofficer. Not willing' to
let me go, he harangued me about
how I had endangered the lives of
all involved and had further jeop-
ardized press privileges-the privi-
lege of standing outside the school.
My entrance to the school began
in Ann Arbor Tuesday when my
editor and I discussed such a move.
After being repulsed at one en-'
trance by a soldier for not having
an identifying library card, I
moved on to a corner drugstore
where I made arrangements with
a hookey-playing girl-Katherine
Thornton - to borrow her card.

But the students now staying
home are apt to be the potential
trouble-makers. If the troops
were to leave the inside of the
school, given the present student
body, there might not be trouble.
But if the troops were to leave
and the trouble-makers were to
return, what then?
There is some apprehension
mixed in with the excitement over
tonight's big game, to be played
on a field which for several days
has been off-limits to the stu-
dents of Central and home to the
soldiers stationed in Little Rock.
If the football crowd doesn't
maintain segregation, the pattern
in Little Rock *or decades, can
incidents in the stands or whole-
sale rioting be prevented?
Big Dance
And anticipation of the upcom-
ing dance is a mixture of the en-
thusiasm of youth with forebod-
ings more normally found among
those many years removed from
high school. If the new Negro
students attend the dance - even
if accompanied by Negro dates -
will predictions of "trouble" cir-
culated yesterday come true?
These are the questions which
keep reporters in Little Rock,
waiting outside the brown brick
building called Central High
School and ready to barrage with
Questions anyone who comes out
with word from the inside.

Orval Faubus, in sorrowful
surprisingly conciliatory to
last night urged a prudent c
ness in a state Capital now o
pled by fLederal troops.
"We are now an occupied t
tory," Faubus said in a natior
televised and broadcast ABC
" ... There can be no ques
of the suprema'y of the Ui
States Army, when used age
a defenseless state."
Maintain Peace
Faubus continued:
"It always becomes quiet u
military rule ... The federal
ernment has made a grave
.grievous error, in the federali
of 'the Arkansas National Gi
and the use of federal troops
"This constitutes a serious
ger. The impetuous or though
act of a white student could
suit in his penetration by a
"Therefore, we must cunt
our peaceful pursuits of life,
ing good citizens as the c
whelming majority of our pe
have always been .. . To the
ple of my state I now ask a
for calmness and a law abi
approach to all our problems.
Gov. Faubus' first detailed
ply to President Dwight D. Ei
hower's historic dispatch of tr
to enforce school integra
came less than six. hours a
nine Negro students finished
uneventful second day with w
students in strike-beset L
Rock Central High School.
In Newport, R.I., during the
President Dwight D. Eisenhc
arranged a Washington con
ence for Tuesday with a conm
tee of five Southern governors
Seeking Withdrawal
They are seeking the withdr
al of federal "troops from I
They had requested a con.
ence in a message Wednesday
The chief executive in a t
gram to Florida''s Gov. Leroy
lins, chairman of the Souti,
Governors Conference, said
would be pleased "to discuss p:
lems of school integration."
This apparently went beyor
limited discussion of the L
Rock situation, to which the c
ference restricted its commit
Free Discussion
Gov. Collins 8aid, however, t
as individual governors the c
mittee, of which he is a mem
"will be free to discuss any pI
of the integration problems.
Besides Gav. Collins, the p
mittee includes Govs. Lu
Hodges, North Carolina; TY

wages in their own places of busi-
ness. If that isn't exploitation of
labor by people who profess to
help labor I don't know what it is."


' 1 - _.. . ... ... . ..


A t

Health Service Exhausts Supply of Flu Vaccine

An estimated 700 doses of pre-
ventative Asian Influenza vaccine
were administered yesterday to
University students, according to
Dr. Morley Beckett, Health Serv-
ice director.
"Although dental students were
given priority," Beckett said, "any
students that came for a shot were
not turned- away." Innoculations
were begun at 8 a.m. and the
supply was exhausted ' by 2 p.m.,
said Beckett.

Beckett, patients would have to be
taken care of in their residence
halls, sorority or fraternity houses
and doctors would call on them
there. Patients who develop com-
plications would be sent to the
Patients at home could be taken
care of by their families," he said.
'The great majority of cases don't
need much medical care. It's
mainly a matter of rest, fluids and
aspirin for the fever and aches."
"But," he added, "we haven't
reached that see wt nd mmavh

can Asian Flu be correctly diag-
Beckett reports that this labora-
tory diagnosis requires many tests
and takes several days. Of labora-
tory diagnoses already in the pro-
cess "only one Asian Flu" possi-
bility has been located. He added
that no complications have de-

veloped from those patients con-
fined in the infirmary.
And, he added, cases as yet re-
ported have not been in such high
proportion to what an epidemic of
the Asian Flu would reach if it did
We are not overly excited be-
cause the current complaint lasts

only two to three days," reported
Beckett. There have been several
cases in the infirmary, but they
are out in a short time.
Beckett said that the University
-has been much better off than
other schools as far as vaccine
supply goes. Most of 'the schools
have had no supply to amount to
Since the beginning of the se-
mester 4,337 shots have been
given with the breakdown in order
of priority as follows: food service

its Speech
special to The Daily
former governor of Arkansas and

Influenza Attacks Spread Rapidly

l WASHINGTON (W) - Asian flu
it hnt.. rnnn 9r in ,+T-n nna _

be spreading from west to east, the
Hei~ alt Prvie.. nnkQmsm rm.d



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