R LABOR LEADERS
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
PARTLY CLOUDY, COOLER
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1957
esidents Now Hold Key to Peaceful
elution; Students' Act Uncertain
'LE ROCK, Ark. (M-With National Guard troops no longer
ing Central High School and all legal barriers cleared away,
ens of Little Rock held the key yesterday to whether the
ould be integrated peacefully.
nine Negro pupils who were turned away by troops when they
enter the 2,000-pupil white school Sept. 4 have not decided
again tomorrow. Friday most said in an interview that they
ow up after the troops left.
)n't know and I don't think the others have decided," said
i NAACP, No News
L. C. Bates, head of the Arkansas branch of the National
the Advancement of Colored People, said she had no infor-
Little Rock School Board met to discuss the racial situation,
. Virgil Blossom said afterward that all adults would be
aasked to keep out of the building
E ROCK, Ark. WP)--Mayor
Wilson Mann said last
t city police would, deal
th any troublemakers at
High School tomorrow
-and would not prevent
in-but he declined to
ific details of his plans.
ssuing a statement at a'
ference. here, Mann was
tly whether the police
on hand to prevent inte-
f Negro students try to
olicy is one that will per-
aliance with the law in-
bstructing it," the mayor
No Aid, Either
if police would help a
udent enter the 2,000-
ite school, Mann said:
>t running an escort serv-
Progress reports will be handed
to newsmen later that morning if
the Negroes enter, Blossom said.
Gov. Orval Faubus, who pulled;
out National Guard troops sur-
rouiding the school after an in-'
junction against him was issued
in United . States District Court'
Friday, left yesterday afternoon
for the Southern Governors' Con-
ference at Sea Island, Ga.
' Faubus, whose 'mobilization of
the National Guard touched off
the crisis nearly three weeks ago,
said his attorneys walked out of
the federal court hearing Friday
to "prevent the governor from
waiving his constitutional and
The governor said he would have
"enjoyed" attending the court ses-
sion, but that he had been advised
To Appeal Injunction
Kay Matthews, one of Faubus'
attorneys, said-the injuction ruling
would be appealed on grounds the
federal court lacked jurisdiction.'
Attorneys in Little Rock ex-
pressed the--belief that Faubus'
four attorneys may be liable, tech-
nically, for a citation of contempt
of court by United -States Dist.
Judge Ronald Davies for having
left the hearing.
"I don't think Davies will cite
them,"., lawyer 'said, "but in all
probability, he could.">
After blasting the decision by
Judge Davies, the governor said
in a televised address Friday,
"Now is the time for the utmost
precaution, forebearance and tol-
prance on the part of all citizens,
both Negro and white,- else the.
disorder and violence, which has
so far been prevented, will oc-
DAMASCUS (M-'-President Shu-
kri Kuwatly Yesterday accused
United States Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles of distorting
Syria's position in the Middle East
political conflict and of attempting
to impose American will on the
But the tone of the 64-year-old
Kuwatly, known as a political
moderate, seemed mild in compari-
son with the angry outburst
aroused immediately after Dulles'
United Nations address Thursday.
Kuwatly insisted Syria is build-
ing armed forces sufficient only
for her legitimate self-defense,
and denied by implication this
country is on the road to domina-
tion by conimunism. ,
As he spoke, two Soviet warships
steamed into the Syrian port of
Latakia on a courtesy visit. Syrian
naval units gave the cruiser;
Zhdanov and the destroyer Svo-
bodny a 21-gun salute. They were
the first v'essels of the Red fleet
ever to visit Syria.
IEiiwatly accused the West of
attempting to deny Syria and
Arabs the right to arms for self
defense "against the treacherous
Israeli enemy" while concentra-
ting on giving that enemy all
means to carry out an aggressive
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. () -
Syrian Foreign Minister Salah
Bitar reached New York yesterday
to address the United Nations Gen-
He denied Secretary of State
John Foster Dullers' notion that
Soviet arms In_ Syria threaten
Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei
Gromyko meanwhile, in a memo-
randum published by the UN,
charged the Western powers with
attempts to "impose their will on
the people of several countries in
Africa and the Near East by mili-
He did so in asking formally
that the Assembly put on its
agenda an item on peaceful co-
existence and urge governments
to follow that principle.
In a general policy speech
Thursday, Dulles told *he, 82-na
tion UN Assembly, Turkey "faces
growing military ,danger from the
major buildup of Soviet arms in
Syria." He reserved the United
States' right to introduce "con-
crete proposals" on the Middle
Force Officer to
1 4 Deaths
By The Associated Press
The United States Public Health
Service said yesterday that Asian
flu has caused 14 deaths in this
The 14 deaths have occurred
since July 1, and include deaths
In California and Louisiana. United
States public health service offici-
als did not give a complete break-
down on the fatalities.
The health service said it does
not yet consider the Asian flu
outbreak a serious epidemic.
The latest outbreak of Asian
flu was confirmed in eastern Mich-
igah. A state health official there
said it is reasonable to assume that
the disease will spread across the
Dr. F. S. Leeder, director of
disease control for the Michigan
Health Department, said laboratory
tests of 12 to 16 specimens con-
firmed the presence of the illness
in the Saginaw area.
Most of the cases are in the 12-
to 16 age group.
Toronto, Canada, reported what
may have been that city's first
death from Asian flu. Dr. Morton
P. Schulman, assistant coroner,
said a post-mortem 'examination
of Reginald Charles Curtis, 57,
showed he died of pneumonia. The
doctor said the complication could
have started with flu.
The United States Public Health
Service estimated there' have been
100,000 cases in the country to
The service said increasing ab-
senteeism in schools indicates
spread of Asian flu in Oregon,
Colorado, Mississippi, and Texas.
"Reports of influenza in several
areas of Mississippi, Texas, Utah,
Oklahoma and Tennessee also sug-
gest an increasing incidence," the
agency's report added.
The New York State Health De-
partment has confirmed 146 cases
upstate. There have been 12 cases
in New York City since Aug. 7.
Weight in Gold
AHMEDARAD, India () - The
million br so Harayan sect Hindus
will weigh their leader, Swami
Akhand Anadi, in gold on his 50th
At about 150 pounds, he will
bring something like 600,000 ru-
pees-$129,220- in gold bars.
With that wealth he is expected
to found a college for Sanskrit
SENATE, COURTS, AFL-CIO:
Hoffa Still Runs DespiteEnemies.
tion of that
: he would
WASHINGTON (P) - James R.
Hoffa yesterday headed into a
stretch drive for the presidency of
the teamsters union with a Senate
committee, the courts and the
AFL-CIO baying at his heels.
It still was considered possible
the 44 year old Midwest teamsters
boss might bow out as a candidate
for the $50,000-a-year union presi-
dency, although Hoffa said he
is confident of election despite
mounting misconduct charges
"I still think I'll win," Hoffa
said in Florida.
During the week ahead, Hoff a
faces new congressional hearings
into his labor career, two court
appearances, and a possible new
blast from AFL-CIO leaders.
All this is scheduled before the
opening of the teamsters conven-
tion at Miami Beach, Fla., on
Sept. 30. The convention is ex-
pected to elect union officers Oct.
3 or 4.'
Dave Beck, the giant truck
union's current president, is retir-
ing. Like Hoffa, Beck has been
deeply involved in charges of mis-
using union furds and powers.
' Court Action
In one of the pending court
actions, a kroup of teamsters
members is seeking to block elec-
Of Salt. Mine
DETROIT )i-Six salt miners
spent s fear-filled cramped five
hours Friday night trapped in an
elevator on which a lift cable
broke 200 feet underground.
A* plunge. to the bottom of the
1,250-foot shaft was stopped by a
pair of spring operated safety
All six were uninjured, but
shaken and taken to a hospital
for a physical checkup.
The mine, in Detroit, is operated
by the International Salt Co., Inc.
A 250-foot cable weighing one
and one-half tons fell on the ele-
vator cage, and it was feared its
weight might be too much for the
The cable first was removed,
then the men were removed one
at a time. An escape hatch had
to be enlarged with an acetylene
torch for one pudgy miner. .
The tube-like elevator has two
compartments, about, three feet
Two men were en route home
from overtime work; four on the
way up to get Asian flu shots.
"All of us thought a little about
prayers," said Arnold Bullock, 38,
"and we thank the Lord the safety
device worked. All of us were a
little leery down there."
at the coming convention.
contend Hoffa and Beck
rigged the proceedings to
sure of Hoffa's election as
'We're expecting oraer tomor-
w," Mann said.
35 Police in Area
He did -not spell out his plans
keep order but it was learned
thoritatively that the police de-
rtment schedule calls for at
st 35 policemen to be in the
ntral High area.
t was also reported that police
,ategy ili controlling a 'possible
wd of white segregationists
ght be to keep onlookers con-
ritly on the move-a step never
: n by armed National Guards-
n who surrounded the school.
til Friday night.
'The eyes of the nation and the
rld will be on Little Rock to-
rrow," the mayor's statement
d. "We will be cast in a dif-
eent light than during the past
days. Military force will be at
The statement said, "Local law
forcement officers will be 'on
nd to deal firmly with any indi-
ual or groups who might try to
le asided Little Rock residents:
cooperation and urged minis-
s of ail faiths to pray Sunday
r our respect for the dignity of
the mayor said, in answer to
guest on, that he had heard of
organized attempt to create
uble at the school tomorrow.
ksked if it were possible that
Mayor would ask for help if
essary from state police, Mann
di: "That could be possible."
turtain To Lift
n iTeah ouse
knn Arbor Civic Theatre will
n its 1957-58 season with John
rick's Drama Critics Circle
ard-winning "Teahouse of the
rust Moon" at & p.m. Oct. 3, 4
I 5 in Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
lob Logan will play the part of
:ini, with Conrad Matheal in
role of Captain Fisby. Colonel
'dy will be portrayed by Bill
A Hatful of Rain," by Michael
Gazzo, will be the second pro-
tion of the Civic Theatre, on
F 1A n. , 1 .. .--A 0 T 411n.U-
.. . who will succeed him?
Tomorrow Hoffa is due in New
York for arraignment on a federal
wiretapping conspiracy indict-
ment. He is charged with wiring
his Detroit union headquarters to
check up on Teamsters subordi-
On Tuesday, new public hear-
ings into Hoffa's affairs will start'
here before the Senate Rackets
Inyestigating Committee. On that
same day in New York, the AFL-
CIO Executive Council is expected
to give a final verdict on the feder-
.ation's corruption charges against
Hoffa and some of his Teamsters
The rank-and-file move to block
Teamsters elections for the present
.in 'Little Rocki
NEWPORT, R. I. (IP)--President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
expressed confidence "any violence
by extremists" will be vigorously
opposed by law-abiding people in
court ordered integration at the
Little Rock, Ark., Central High
At his vacation headquarters
the President issued two state-
ments-one in the morning and
another in the afternoon--stress-
ing ,his conviction that integration
can, take place without disorder.
The statements came within 24
hours after Gov. Orval Faubus or-
dered withdrawal of Arkansas
National Guard troops from, the
school building where they had
barred Negro children since Sep-
Is expected to come to a head at a
U.S. District Court hearing here
The group of rebellious mem-
bers is seeking a preliminary in-
junction to delay the elections on
grounds more than 80 per cent of
delegates to the union's coming
convention were illegally hand-
picked by Hoffa and his support-
ers. The suit seeks court appoint-
ment of a referee to decide when
new delegates have been chosen by.
Hoffa has three announced ri-
vals for the Teamsters presidency
--Thomas J. Haggerty, Chicago;
Rep. John' F. Shelley (D-Calif.),
and Thomas L. Hickey, New York.
Hoffa lost the support of two
New York 'City locals Saturday.
They backed Hickey, who is an in-
ternational vice president of the
teamsters and secretary treasurer
of Local 807 in New York.
BANGKOK, Thailand (R-Thai-.
land's temporary Parliament yes-
terday named wealthy aristocrat
Pote Sarasin to be premier until
new national elections are held'
three months from now.
Pote, former Thai ambassador
to the United States, succeeds P.'
Pibulsonggram, who was booted;
out in a military takeover last
Pote's selection was promptly
confirmed by King Phumiphon
Pote will have to resign his new
post as secretary general of the
anti-Communist Southeast Asia
Pote served as ambassador to
Washington five years. Before that
he had been Thailand's represen-
tative, in the UN General Assem-;
Educated- in U.S. and English
schools, Pote is considered to lean
toward Western policies. As a busi-
nessman "and lawyer he has an.
experienced, quick and perceptive#
In 'New Yo
Left Note on Law
Of Russian Emba
SHREVEPORT, La. (A)-Al
Force captain - bombardier
bungled badly in a spy att
was sentenced to life impr
ment for attempting to sell a
bomb secrets to 4ussia for $2'
The bizarre caseof Capt. Gi
H. French, 36-year-old fath
three, came to light yesterday
after the results of a secret .
martial were announced by Se
Air Force headquarters.
The details, supplied by'
Pntagon, included a note drc
o the lawn of the Soviet em]
in Washington, interception
note by alert United States a
and French's entrapment in a
York hotel rendezvous.
Attemepted in April
French, of Mount Vernon, I
made his unsuccessful spy att
while on leave last April, thi
'Force said. He was convicted
day of trying to sell the Rus
documents and diagfams on
craft handling of atomic bomi
The documents showed coi
rrents of the bomb and assoc
equipment, officials said, ant
formation related to the bc
actual etonation and expi
The conviction was under A
134 of the Uniform Code of:
tary Justice, basic law for
armed services. The article
bids attempts to communicat
formation relating'to the nat:
defense of this country to a
The announcement, first t
issued on .the case by the
Force, said French, a B36 1
bardier, was not a Communist
had no Communist backgroun
French merely decided upo
secret selling job as a "lone w~
the announcement said.
In addition to the life senti
the general court martial
ordered a dishonorable discl
and forfeiture of all pay
The court martial begar
Barksdale AFB Sept. 17 and
conducted in secret because 0;
classified nature of the eviden
Thebsentence is subject t
view by the Second Air I
commander, a board of review
the judge advocate general o
Air Fore, It also can be app
to the military court of appea
After an honorabe disl
from the Air Force in 1945, Fr
'sold insurance in Mount Ve
a year before reentering the :
During World War I, (
French served with the Eight
Force in Europe, winning the
tinguished Flying Cross, the
Medal with five oak leaf clu
and the .European theater ri
with five battle stars.
r outs Opel
AtAmherst, App roved
Theta Xi national fraternity during its summer convention upheld
a decision by its Grand Lodge to suspend the fraternity's chapter at
T*be Amherst group had pledged a Negro member last year.
The Grand Lodge, the interim governing board of the fraternity,
took the action several days before the convention met in August.
The Lodge gave two reasons for its action: that the fraternity
environment at Anherst was not conducive to strong chapters, and
that the, local there had not been living upto fraternity ritual.
Art Epker, '58BAjI., president of the Theta Xi chapter here, who
voted against the suspension on behalf of his group, said the conven-
tion voted against re-instatement not "because they were concerned
with the actual pledging of the Negro but the way they went about it."
He said the Amherst chapter had agreed in October 1956 to
a Grand Lodge request that they postpone plans to pledge a Negro
until the convention this year.
However, Pete Parker, '58, presi-
dent of Amherst Theta Xi, said FEW DRY DAYS COMI
this was not the case. He said
members of his chapter had ,been"
discussing the problem with the R ainfall Con
Grand Lodge since the summer of
'56, but. no conclusions had been
reached. By SOL PLAFKIN
"We were told we probably The traditional back-to-school
would be suspended," he said, not rainfall in the Ann Arbor area will
necessarily because of the feelings probably continue and even in-
of the men in the Lodge, but be- crease during the next two or three
cause of the problems it might weeks, the United States Weather
cause in the National fraternity. Bureau station at Willow Run pre-,
They wanted to postpone the- re- dicts.
sponsibillty until the convention. Students: hopeful for some relieff
cues as Greeting to University Students
OSLO, Norway P)--A cheerful,
sport-loving soldier-prince ascend-
ed the throne of Norway yesterday.
The new-King Olav V has train-
ed for the job through all his 54
He took over automatically as
constitutional monarch on the
death yesterday of his father,
Haakcon VII. By law, there will be.
Haakon succumbed to a circula-
tory ailment. His death at 85 ended
a reign of 52 years. He was the
world's oldest ruling monarch and
had been Norway's only king since
the nation dissolved its union with
Swedeir in 1905.
ROTTERDAM (A)-A German
four-masted bark with a crew of
about 90 reported last night she
was sinking 600 miles southwest
of the Azores after losing her sails'
in a storm whipped up b3 Hur-
He also said that while on paper
it looked as though the under-
g:'aduates only had a slight edge
in control of the convention,'only
about 25% of the Alumni chapters
were represented, so the vote,
which was not close, was an under-
Parker explained that disloyalty
to the fraternity ritual, one of the
from the . intermittent downpour
which has plagued them since the
first oay of classes, should not be
misled by the next few predicted
comparatively dry days, weather
The 30-day-outlook from yester-
day until Oct. 21 foretells that
precipitatior, is expected to exceed
normal in the eastern third of the
as "below normal" temperatures
are expected during the coming
Maximum "normal" tempera-
ture a' the beginning of this period
is 72 degrees and 63 dgerees at the
Minimum "normal" temperature
for the same period is 52 degrees
at the beginning and 41 degrees
at the end.
Near-freezing t e m p e r a t u r e
should be expected after the mid-
dle of October if temperatures do
go below the "normal minirhum."
Also included in the "below
normal" temperature area are the
r~ace f a th fe +an flnt + Ya Ira
"Do you' consider yourself
If si, you'll find yourself in I
company by trying out for C
Generatipn, the campus ir
arts magazine, is holding its
out meeting tomorrow at 7:30
in the Generation office of
Student Publications Building,
No experience in writing
magazine work is necessary.
that is required is an interes
txtitiflrst.' r" nttil rI n