BOARD OF GOVERNORS
See Page 4
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
vARTLY CLOUDY, COLD
VOL. LXVIIIL No.98 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1958 FIVE CENTS
In Aid Funds
Says Defense Costs,
' Taxes Would Increase
WASHINGTON (A') -President
Dwight D. Eisenhower said yester-
day higher taxes, big draft calls
and a "massive increase" in de-
fense spending would result if
Congress sharply reduces his re-
quefst for $3,942,100,000 in new
foreign aid funds.
He drew this grim picture in a
special message formally request-
ing "vigorous continuation" of the
government's global aid program
for an 11th straight year.
The money figure was not new,
having been disclosed in his budget
Clearly anticipating a hot con-
gressional fight, President Eisen-
hower sought by unprecedented
blunt language to jolt foes into
considering what he called the
The message was released at the
White House and also at President
Eisenhower's Georgia vacation
The sum requested was about a
billion dollars more than an eco-
nomy-minded Congress provided
last year but 500 million dollars
less than the administration
sought in 1957. Nearly 50 billion
dollars in foreign aid money has
been sent overseas since 1948.
President Eisenhower contended
this new program, for the year be-
ginning July 1, represents "the
Scritical margin of assistance"
needed to assure American and
free world security against Red
At the Capitol, House Speaker
Sam Rayburn (D-Tex.) called the
message a strong one. Rep. Ray-
burn also credited foreign aid with
"saving a lot of our friends from
Sen. Lyndon Johnson of Texas,
the Senate Democratic leader,
commented: "The mutual security
program has become a major part
of the foreign policy of the United
States. With that thought in mind,
the President's message will re-
wire careful and thorough study."
House Grouprw Nxn
Into TV Prob e
WASHINGTON QP)- House in-
vestigators yesterday turned up a
letter describing Vice-President
Richard Nixon as the "right man"
to approach in behalf of a Miami
The letter said a Nixon aide
would "present it" to the vice-
president. There was, however, no
testimony as to whether the mat-
ter ever actually reached Nixon.
The vice-president refused to com-
ment on what the witnesses did
Other testimony before a special
House committee investigating
government regulatory agencies
was that Sen. Estes Kefauver (D-
Tenn.) had "incidental conversa-
tions" with three members of the
Federal Communications Commis-
A. Frank Katzentine testified
that Sen. Kefauver told him he
also had talked with Commissioner
Richard A. Mack, a key figure in
the investigation of the FCC.
Katzentine is a Miami attorney
and radio station operator who
sought to obtain TV Channel 10
in Miami. An FCC examiner ruled
in his favor, but the commission
voted 4-2 to assign the channel to
an air line's subsidiary.
The House subcommittee cur-1
rently is looking for evidence of
pressure being brought on behalf
of various applications for the
The letter in which Nixon's
name figures was written by Dow-
ney Rice, a Washington attorney.
Dated Oct. 13, 1955, it was ad-
dressed to Daniel P. Sullivan of
the Greater Miami.
IHC To Meet
in SAil Todav
Petitioning Will Begin Tomorrow;
Holland Named to Vacant Position
By JOHN WEICHER
Student Government Council last night approved a campaign
calendar for the Spring Election March 25 and 26.
Elections Director Roger Mahey, '61, presented the calendar by
which petitioning opens tomorrow and closes March 4. Active cam-
paigning, as tentatively established, will begin March 12.
Seven seats will be filled in the election. Three incumbents, Execu-
tive Vice-President Ron Shorr, '58, Jean Scruggs, '58, and Nelson
In City, Area
The Ann Arbor-Ypsilanti area
is "approaching the point" where
it could be labeled a distress labor
area and thereby eligible for fed-
eral aid, Earl W. Potter, manager
of the Ann Arbor branch of the
Michigan Employment S'curity
Commission said yesterday.
Potter disclosed that between
5,000 and 5,500 persons in the
area-7.3 per cent of the 68,400
man labor force-are jobless.
Bernard W. Shaw, Ypsilanti
brand h MESC manager, said he is
certain Ypsilanti unemployment
exceeds 7.3 per cent. He said he
believes when a community's labor
force is more than six per cent
unemployed it can be considered
for priority in the issuance of fed-
Figures in Report
The percentage figure quoted by
Shaw is in an MESC report, "La-
bor Force and Employment Esti-
mates," which was compiled by
the Commission's research and
statistics division for the Ann
The report, dated January 15,
listed unemployment in the two-
city area at 5,000.
Potter believes, however, that
the number of jobless has grown
to "at least 5,500."
A jump of 3.6 per cent between
nov. 15 and Jan. 15 was noted in
the report. Numerically, the num-
ber of; jobless jumped from 2,500
to 5,00$ during the period.
Not included in the report were
the 1,800 workers who were laid
off for one week from Ford Motor
Company's Ypsilanti plant. Start-
ing next week other area workers
are expected to be affected when
Ford shuts down its Livonia trans-
mission plan, the Plymouth branch
of the MESC said.
Ann Arbor is not as "badly hit"
as Ypsilanti, Potter said. He ex-
plained that diversification of pro-
ducts manufactured in local plants
have held the number of jobless
The Daily tryout meeting will be
held at 7:15 p.m. today in the Stu-
dent Publications Bldg.
Students interested in working
on the editorial staff of The Daily
are welcomed and encouraged to
attend this meeting, according to
Donna Hanson, '58. Personnel
' Sherburne, '59, have decided not
to seek reelection.
One of the seven positions to be
decided was filled until the elec-
tion last night when SOC chose
Carol Holland, '60, to fill the seat
resigned by Linda Rainwater, '60,
at the begining of the semester.
Dan Belin, '59, told the Council
the rushing study committee has
sent out questionnaires to 500
freshmen women asking their
opinions on various aspects of
rushing, including preferences for
fall or spring rush.
All except 60 have been an-
swered and returnedehe said. A
second questionnaire will be sent
to the same girls when rushing
ends, after which the answers will
Bob Whealey, Grad., told SGC
the South East Asia Delegation
has so far been unable to interest
foundations in financing the dele-
gation. He is financial director of
the delegation. /
He told the Council the delega-
tion wanted to solicit alumni,
corporations, and other possible
donors, but did not know how
much time the applicants for the
delegation would be willing to
spend to solicit funds. He said he
would report back on this next
Disapprove of Gates
Administrative Vice - President
Maynard Goldman, '59, told the
Council the Lecture Committee
had expressed disapproval of
bringing John Gates, former Daily
Worker editor, to speak at campus.
However, the committee indicated
it would allow Gates to speak, he
SGC also reopened members'
time to constituents and the press.
Last December the Council had
formally abolished the period, dur-'
ing which members may express
themselves on any topic. However,
it was retained as an informal dis-
cussion after the meeting.
Total sales of this year's Student
Book Exchange amounted to
$5,618, according to Phil Zook, '60,
The book exchange was con-
siderably better this year, despite
a few problems, Zook commented.
The total profit will be tabulated
after a count is made of the num-
ber of books left over and the
number of books lost or stolen.
One of the biggest problems this
year was the failure of students
to bring books in during the exam
Many contributed books during
the registration period and con-
sequently caused a great deal of
confusion as well as a fluctuating
supply of books.
Another difficulty encountered
was the temporary use of the SBX
rooms by the Summer Employ-
State Rep. Charles A. Boyer (R-
Manistee) last night suggested
that eventually the board govern-
ing state colleges and universities
in Michigan could be combined.
He pointed out that six different
groups now govern these institu-
tions. No other state has so large
a number, he said.
The chairman of a joint legis-
lative committee to study higher
education noted that 90 per cent
of the college-age youth living in
Washtenaw County are currently
going to college. This figure is
more than double that of any
other county in the state.
Rep. Boyer said this indicates
many persons are moving into the
county and establishing residence
for the purpose of going to college.
Student recruiting and extension
courses were other areas in which
coordination rather than compe-
tition among state colleges and
universities would be beneficial,
Rep. Boyer said.
He told a Student Government
Council meeting his committee
had discovered one institution in
which available classroom space
is only being used to 35 per cent
(University Vice-President Wil-
liam Stirton told The Daily that
the University was not the insti-
tution in question.)
He also said federal aid would
be unnecessary and superfluous in
providing more schools
INDIANAPOLIS (R) - Ameri-
ca's secondary school principals
yesterday tentatively approved a
bold, new plan designed to pull
junior and senior high schools
into the space age by their boot-
On the final day of their an-
nual convention the educators
agreed on the need for more stress
on the teaching of mathematics
and science in grades seven
through 12. There was minor dis-
agreement on just how this
should be done.
A special 18-man committee of
the National Assn. of Secondary
School Principals put the blue-
print before the convention Mon-
day. After three days of point-by-
point debate the educators agreed
they liked it-with reservations.
.The program set forth these
Both science and math should
be required in the seventh, eighth
and ninth grades. "Capable" stu-
dents should be required to take
both subjects in grades 10, 11 and
Exceptionally talented students
should condense this six-year pro-
gram into five years, leaving their
12th year free for advanced col-
lege-level courses in both fields.
Students of "limited ability"
should have at least one year of
science and math during their
last three years of high school.
Many of the principals said the
program should be "strongly rec-
ommended," instead of "re-
WASHINGTON ()-The United
States suddenly stiffened its atti-
tude toward an East-West summit
conference yesterday, ruling out a
meeting on terms dictated by Mos-
The move was undertaken de-
liberately to put the brakes on
what the State Department con-
sidered almost a runaway drive
for an East-West meeting at any
Authorities noted that the
United States clarification of posi-
tion was paralleled by a statement
to the House of Commons in Lon-
don by Prime Minister Macmillan.
The British leader said he would
sit down at a conference table
with the Russians only if there
were prospects of success.
In Washington, summit confer-
ence policy was discussed by
Deputy Undersecretary of State
Robert Murphy, top diplomat ad-
viser to Secretary of State John
He said that under present cir-
cumstances a summit meeting may
or may not happen because it is
not yet clear 'whether United
States conditions will be met by
the Soviet Union.
When asked whether a top-level
session might be held under the
sponsorship of the United Nations,
Murphy said the United States has
had no "fixation about how a
meeting should occur because
we've not known whether such a
meeting would occur."
By ANN EICHLER
After nine years of providing an
opportunity for University students
to display their talents, the annual
Gulantics variety show has been
Prof. Phillip Duey of the music
school, founder of Gulantics said,
"I am fearful that the lack of
interest shown Gulantics by the
public is a strong reason for its
discontinuance. The many radio
and television shows have satiated
the public with this kind of enter-
Prof. Duey added that in the
past two years the effort and time
put into the presentation of Gul-
antics far outweighed the financial,
"In fact," he commented, "the
show has barely managed to break
even in the past two years."
Representatives from the Union,
League and Glee Club, the three
groups sponsoring Gulantics, met
last fall and decided to discontinue
the show. Prof. Duey said the
show would be continued at "such
a time as adequate student inter-
est is shown."
The initial performances of the
show were successful. However,
attendance improved and popu-
larity and financial success reached
their peak in the early 1950's.
Profits from these shows were put
into the Glee Club scholarship
fund for awards given annually by
Gulantics was begun in 1949 as
a result of the .opinion of Prof.
Duey that many University stu-
dents had talent which, if given a
means of expression, could be en-
joyed by many.
He found that members of the
Union and League were of the
same sentiment and, accordingly,
the three organizations combined
their efforts to present an all-
campus talent show.
SPEAKS TO YD's:
Sexton Criticizes Ike
On Economc Policy
... more purchasing power
WASHINGTON (A') - The Fed-
eral Reserve Board lowered the re-
serve requirements of member
banks by one-half of one per cent
yesterday, thereby creating a
theoretical increase of three bil-
lion dollars in lending capacity.
It was a credit-easing, anti-de-
flationary move aimed at fight-
ing the recession.
A spokesman said the action
will release about 500 million dol-
lars from reserves which the 6,400
member banks are required to hold
against demand deposits. It will
become effective Feb. 27 in two
banking categories and March 1
in a third.
Bankers figure that for every
dollar released from reserve they
will gain six dollars in lending
capacity. There is no guarantee,
however, that all of this theoreti-
cal three billion will be taken by
As the new order on reserve re-
quirements went out, William Mc-
Chesney Martin Jr., board chair-
man, was advising congress to give
the national economy a chance to
recover without major tax cuts or
a massive public works program.
If needed adjustments are
promptly made, the current' re-
cession may be moderate and
short-lived," Martin told the Sen-
ate Banking Committee.
A Treasury spokesman said Sec-
retary of the Treasury Robert An-
derson regards the lowering, of
bank reserves as "further evidence
of proper flexibilit§ in federal re-
serve operations, and in the best
interests of the economy."
United Auto Workers Education
Director Brendan Sexton ldst night
sharply criticised the Eisenhower
Administration's economic policy
during what he called a "very
serious economic situation."
Sexton told a meeting of Young
Democrats that what this country
needs most is "an injection of in-
creased consumer purchasing
"The classical way to fight a
depression was to lower wages,"
he explained. "This was supposed
to enable producers to lower prices,
and result in increased consumer
activity. Of course, it really lower-
ed purchasing power."
"Actually," he explained, "the
basic reason for an unbalanced
economy is the failure to give
workers the kind of income which
will enable them to buy back
Equating President Dwight D.
Eisenhower's measures with those
of ex-President Herbert Hoover's
"Buy Now" slogan during the
Great Depression, Sexton said
these tactics will be no more ef-
fective today than they were in
Sexton said that while profits
of large corporations enjoyed a
tremendous increase, the prof its
of small companies'actually de-
clined under President Eisenhower.
He called this largely the result
of the current "tight - money"
One method of increasing con-
sumer activity, he suggested, is
the proposal by Sen. Patrick Mac-
Namara (D-Mich.) to increase in-
come tax dependency allowances.
To Quit Post;
Frank A. C. Davis, Third Ward
Republican councilman said yes-
terday he will submit his resigna-
tion from his council post to the
council tonight. .
A forthcoming job change, that
will take Davis to Philadelphia as
director of medical information at
the University of Pennsylvania, is
the cause of the resignation.
James F. Brinkerhoff, general
manufacturing manager, is the
most likely candidate to succeed
Davis on the council and as a
candidate in the April 7 election
in which Davis was to have run
At a meeting Monday night of
the City Republican Committee,
its senior advisory committee and
the eight Republican members of
the council, Brinkerhoff was
named to fill out Davis' term.
Davis is now health sciences
editor of the University relations
staff and is in charge of public
relations at the University Medical
Center. He has worked for the
University since early 1956, and
been an Ann Arbor resident for
LONDON W) - Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan proposed yes-
terday a series of East-West sum-
mit conferences if a first one pro-
duced any modest success.
He insisted that all meetings
be well-prepared in advance.
The British leader warned the
West against throwing itself at
the mercy of the Soviets by aban-
doning nuclear weapons. He said
Western abandonment of nuclear
weapons would double, treble or
even quadruple the military value
of the Soviet Union's vast store of
Opening a two-day foreign af-
fairs debate in the House of Com-
mons, Macmillan spoke out in
earnest for advance preparations
for talks between Western and So-
Banging on the table before him,
he told a cheering house: "I want
a summit conference, but I want
it to be successful."
"Perhaps if we had any modest
success at the first meeting, fur-
ther meetings might follow with
similar preparation," he said.
Disarmament in the widest
sense, he said, might be a profit-
able subject at any top-level meet-
ing. But he said even the proposal
for joint East-West abandonment
of nuclear weapons must be ap-
Reds Make Proposal
Such disarmament, he added,
must bring a corresponding edu-
tion in the total military power
of each side.
As he spoke, the Soviet Union
proposed taking its nuclear and
rocket weapons out of central Eu-
rope if the United States, Britain
and France agreed to remove
The Soviet statement, reesed,;"
at a news conference in Moscow by
the Soviet Foreign Ministry, said
an agreement between the three
Western allies and the Soviet
Union could lead to an interna-
tional ban on nuclear weapons.
KHARTOUM, Sudan (1)-A set-
tlement was reported yesterday in
Sudan's border dispute with Egypt
after a five-hour meeting in Cairo
between President Nasser and Su-
dafiese Foreign Minister Mohamed
Details of the reported settle-
ment were not known. But dis-
patches from Cairo earlier report-
ed that Nasser and Mahgoub met
in a friendly atmosphere and that
Nasser was working for a com-
The Egyptian press and offi-
cials in Cairo also sought all day
to tone down the dispute over
land which has been administered
by the Sudanese for more than
half a century.
The area comprises 6,000 square
miles north of the 22nd parallel
The biggest part forms a triangle
with a point at the 22nd parallel
and spanning out 150 miles to the
WASHINGTON (P-A bill to
strip ,the Supreme Court of au-
thority to review certain types of.
subversive cases was roundly de-
GARG BY ANY OTHER NAME:
Yellow Journalism on Sale Today
That strange phenomenon -
some call it nemesis - of campus
life rears its ugly head again to-
Gargoyle hits the newstands
this morning with its annual
satire on The Daily. While its cir-
culation manager sleeps, blissfully
unaware that he forgot to find
someone - anyone - to sell
under the Engine Arch, various
and sundry characters will be
pocketing shiny new quarters for
copies of this local exponent of
world News Roundup
By The Associated Press
NEW ORLEANS - The United States Fifth Circuit Court of
Appeals outlawed segregation on city buses and street cars in New
The action affirmed a decision by United States District Judge J.
Skelly Wright, who previously granted an injunction stopping city
officials and New Orleans Public Service, Inc. officials from enforc-
ing segregation laws.
* * *
MARTIN, France - Sir Winston Churchill has pneurfonia and
pleurisy, his doctors said last night.
But he smoked two cigars yesterday and was described as com-
fortable and in good spirits.
LANSING - Majority Senate Republicans yesterday fired Russell