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"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily ex press the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mus t be noted in all reprints.
THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1958 NIGHT EDITOR: BARTON HUTHWAITE
State Department Fumbles
While Indonesia Burns
RECENT OVATIONS by Communist China to vention in Indonesia would be extremely hard
supply "volunteers" to the government in to find at the present time. However, a total
Indonesia have combined with the United hands-off policy smacks of the disinterest
States' "hands off" policy to reduce the already which has resulted in the lost prestige suffered
fading American prestige in Asia. by the United States during recent months.
The ever increasing Aconomic and military voiding a strong statementurging parties to
lower of this member of the Soviet bloc wa attempt a conciliation, Dulles stated that the
further proven by their statement of probable United States sympathized with the Indonesian
military aid to the controlling group. Part of government, hoped they would be able to solve
what is termed "the cnrmbling American for- their problem quickly and vowed that the
eign policy in Asia" was further illustrated at United States would keep fngers out of this
Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' press pie.
conference Tuesday when he stretched the History and necessity, in this case, seems to
Arierican policy of abstinence to include the point a partial return to the guardian type
Indonesian crisis, policy which the United States abandoned 25
years ago. With United States interests con-
While American interest pots boil over in nected in some way to all world conflicts, Indo-
Latin America and the Middle East, the State hesia emerges as an area where this country
Department watches Chinese Reds push toward should actively seek to bring about conciliation
domination in Asia. The rationale behind between the disputants.
Dulles' absence of any statement or threat of
action was revealed when he termed the entire THE CIVIL WAR could easily enlarge and add
situation a "civil war "
to the. already crowded list of areas where
the United States should have taken initial
WHILE both parties involved in the fighting steps but chose to wait and watch. Dulles might
represent strongly nationalistic groups, an well remember the old adage about an ounce
extension of Red Chinese domination is a pos- of prevention.
sibility which State Department officials should Since pounds of cure are now measured in
seriously consider. At the present time the atomic power, the small ounces of prestige
action can be rightly termed a civil war, but the saving prevention used by the State Depart-
possibility of an increase in involved factions, ment would be a small price to pay for being
could broaden the entire scope of the fighting, interested in peace. ryg
Justification of direct United States inter- -CHARLES KOZOLL
Alumni Apathy and Importance
IN THE PAST there have been cries that this way, the alumni will feel they really can
students are full of apathy toward the Uni- contribute to their alma mater by doing the
versity activities. At the recent Student-Fac- University other than merely a monetary serv-
ulty-Administration Conference it was brought ice. This might also help to alleviate any apathy
out that University alumni retain similar feel- on the part of the alumni.
ings of apathy toward the University. A major
problem seems to be the lack of alumni contact IT WAS BROUGHT OUT at the confereice
with the'University. that the University Alumni Association has a
A Student Governors program has been in oper- tendency of ignoring graduates until about ten
ation for approximately one year in attempts or fifteen years after graduation, giving them
to remedy the situation. time to establish themselves in the community.
Student Governors 'are students in the Uni- Only then are they contacted by alumni groups.
versity who act as liaisons between the local Although the policy may be a good one in that
alumni group in their home town and the the graduates should get settled before being
University. Their job is to help inform the approached for contributions, it is harmful
alumni about campus affairs and to carry back since the graduate may grow completely away
to the University any ideas the alumni may from the University concerns. Consequently,
have concerning campus problems or programs when he is asked to join an alumni group, the
such as'the Phoenix Project. time lapse has been so great that he probably
The main weakness in this program is that has gained other interests for more immediate
it does not go far enough. Expansion of the than those of the University.
program is necessary so that eventually, almost Through the Student Governors and interest
all alumni groups in the country will actively in the new graduates, alumni groups might
engage in the Student Governors program. gain added impetus and spirit. They should
Student Goyernors also have the opportunity realize the value of their services to the Univer-
of meeting with incoming freshmen and giving sity in connections with new students and the
them a glimpse' of University life before they alumni would receive a justified feeling of their
arrive on campus. Included is the introduction importance.
of these new students to the alumni group. In -BRUCE COLE
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
The Secretary's Burdens
By WALTER LIPPMANN
"You Know, I Think People Are Worrying Less
About The Recession"
INTEPRETNG TE NE S'
4i. 8 tr - r o1.4 aoS r a
INTERPRETING THE NEWS :
U.S. Problems Provoke Self-A nalysis
AT HILL AUDITORIUM:
AS MUCH AS BRAHMS is heard in concerts, and on records, one'
never tires of the "German Requiem." In the literature of 19th
century choral music it is a monument.
The University of Michigan Choir, soprano Irene Kunst, baritone
Jerry Lawrence, accompianist Nelita True, and conductor Maynard
Klein gave an inspiring and exceptionally lyric performance of the
"German Requiem" on Wednesday night.
Even in the face of the arguments for performing works in the
English language for English speaking audiences, I do not think that
work is too well known to worry about understanding the words. See-
the "German Requiem" is a successful example. In the first place the
ondly, and most important, the weight of the beautifully balanced
phrases is often badly distorted, and on occasion notes must be added
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
INSTEAD of yielding to a first
reaction of "to hell with them,"
the United States is adopting an
attitude of self-analysis following
recent demonstrations against her
in foreign countries.
Individual statements and let-
ters to the editors indicate a con-
siderable public feeling of weari-
ness in the long effort to convince
the world's peoples that, despite
the complexities of trying to be
friends with everyone, the nation's
intentions are good.
Congress has reacted differently.
The administration foreign aid
bill went through the House with
far less difficulty than had been
anticipated. The Senate is now
moving to restore such cuts as
* * *
THE SENATE Foreign Relations
Committee has announced an in-
quiry, first into relations with
Latin America, with the ultimate
aim of finding means to improve
That can only mean two things.
More money, and acceptance of
-the foreign aid and reciprocal
trade programs as permanent
parts of policy rather than as
tide-overs from one emergency to
The atmosphere in Latin Ameri-
ca is partly attributable to eco-
nomic policy which for several
years has put the Orient and Eu-
rope ahead of the home folks..
There is trade trouble with
Japan and always the imbalance
There is a definite Communist
policy to promote these troubles,
and to take advantage of them
with public demonstrations.
Anti-American reactions in Al-
geria, Lebanon, Formosa and else-
where have been attributable to
other causes-frequently, to United
States association with colonial
or formerly colonial powers.
Downright failure to consider
local customs and probable local
reaction is another cause. This
represents personnel failure and
inadequate staffing in both the
diplimatic and military services,
and unconcern by American free
* * *
THE RECESSION, at a time
when the Soviet Communists are
making a great show of technical
and business progress, also is hav-
ing an import'ant impact on
At the same time, it creates
doubt at home about foreign aid
programs during economic trouble
There ishalso some feeling that
peoples who fail to understand
the American way are just too
dumb for hope.
Britain's Manchester Guardian
touched on it editorially:
"Americans like to be loved-
and this is one of their engaging
qualities. To face the absence of
love with equanimity may be one
of the requirements of greatness."
Near East . . .
The situation in Lebanon today
is close kin but not exactly parallel
to the one in Jordan when the
Eisenhower doctrine was promul-
In the Jordan case the govern-
ment had put down an attempted
coup by much the same forces
which are at work in Lebanon
There was fear that Syria might
have Soviet arms and backing for
On the surface, at least, the
Soviet Union was far noisier than
she has been in the Lebanon case.
Against that background, the
United States proclaimed, through
an administration-sponsored con-
gressional resolution, her intention
to protect Middle Eastern coun-
tries against attack by interna-
tional communism. Intervention
was to be by invitation.
IN LEBANON the threat of
direct and open attack has not
developed. Lebanon does charge
infiltration by armed intervention-
ists from Syria, but the charges
The United Arab Republic -
Syria and Egypt-has conducted
intensive agitation, however, and
its subversive operations in Leb-I
anon are obvious.
Secretary Dulles says that since
the resolution stated the impor-
tance of the independence of the
countries to the security of the
United States, the President is em-
powered to act in such situations.
He emphasized that the United
States is not anxious to put forces
into the area.
If the Lebanese government asks
for intervention, the debate will
revolve around whether Dulles
properly evaluates the intent of
The Dulles statement will pro-
duce a legalistic argument in the
United States. Its effect in the
Middle East will be entirely prac-
to the music in order to acom-
modate the extra words necessary
to make correct English. In a lesser
work these things might pass un-
noticed; in the "German Requiem"
they are significant.
THE USE of a piano instead of
an orchestra is not entirely suc-
cessful. The sustaining power nec-
essary for balance with the chorus
is lost, though this might be cor-
rected by using two pianos. The
long intense orchestral pedal notes
which are particularly important
in the second and third sections
were successful only because the
pianist's page turner added the
Except for a very weak tenor
section (I mention this without
complaint-it seems to be an un-
solvable problem) the chorus was
superb. Intonation was accurate,
and both the sbnority aN clarity
of moving parts left nothing to be
desired. Miss Kunst had a tend-
ency to sing abbit sharp on sus-
taih'ed notes above the staff. Mr.
Lawrence has a wonderful voice.
THE SPRING ISSUE of "Gen-
eration is characterized by pro-
fessional polish, a quality which
ought to be applauded in the
young, if there weren't something
prematurely old about it. The
makeup is superb, the layout lavish,
the experiments in art, photogra-
phy, poetry and music are gener-
ally competent. Occasionally there
is a bungled line of poetry, a naive
thought, a misspelled word or a
disconnected paragraph; but aside
from these signs of youthful
clumsiness, the handling of ac-
cepted forms is quite successful.
One longs for a little brashness
of a serious order: for an attack,
say, on President Eisenhower or
President Hatcher, on Sigmund
Freud or Ernest Hemingway, on
Schoenberg or Picasso. Fortunately
there are three or-four items which
meet that requirement, and at the
expense of other, less assertive
contributions, I would like to point
them out to potential readers.
THE FIRST is a parody on Wil-
liam Faulkner, called "The Saxon
Beauty and the Three Black
Bears," by Martha Bennett Stiles.
The Saxon Beauty is Goldilocks,
renamed Goldy Snocks after the
Snopes clan in Faulkner; the bears
are modeledrafter the title-figure
in "The Bear," and the satire is
largely directed against that story,
which certainly deserves it. Faulk-
ner's style, at its best, offers a
fresh, compelling view of Southern
realities; at its worst, it seems as
pretentious as the attenuated lan-
guage of the later Henry James,
and "The Bear" often shows it at
its worst. Mrs. Stiles has caught
all the major pretensions: the
transmogrification of the bear into
a Southern gentleman; the inflated
buildup of the Forest; and the
weighting of trivial acts with
heavy moral baggage. Her parody
is a welcome spoof on Faulkner's
rhetoric in its weakest form.
* * *
THE SECOND item is a defense,
by Gordon Mumma, of the banned
version of "Lady Chatterley's
Lover." According to Mr. Mumma,
the censored version misrepresents
the author, D. H. Lawrence, by
robbing his book of its lyric and
symbolic qualities, weakening his
characterizations, and profaning
his treatment of a serious sexual
theme. The argument is backed by
relevant quotations from the un-
censored text, and seems convinc-
ing 'on aesthetic grounds. The
question of censorship, per se, is
left untouched, but it is enough to
defend this novel -- a brashly
serious book even today - with a
healthy respect for its significance.
In his belief in sexual communion
as the marriage sacrament, Law-
rence provides a refreshing con-
trast to our current sexual mores
and our manner of expressing
them. To catch the difference,
consider another work in this is-
sue, David Newman's "Thelma,"
on the hypocrisy of a suburban
housewife who divorces her un-
faithful husband, then takes a
lover. The tale is finely wrought,
but almost any issue of "The New
Yorker" reveals the same tired
awareness of our marital failures.'
Some of Peter Zimels' noetic
By The Associated Press
SPRING has brought the sunny
Mediterranean island of Cyprus
a fresh flowering of terror and
Terrorist attacks are once more
in full swing after a winter's truce
between EOKA, the Greek Cypriot
underground demanding union
with Greece, and the British rulers
of the Crown colony.
Earlier this month British Gov.
Sir Hugh Foot reimposed the man-
datory death penalty for carrying
or discharging firearms. The de-
cree followed a new wave of anti-
British violence climaxed by the
slaying of two British servicemen.
A multi-national conflict under-
lies Cyprus' bloody ordeal. Some
500,000 people inhabit the island,
smaller than the state of Connec-
ticut. Four-fifths are Greek-speak-,
ing and most of these want Enosis
-union with Greece.
Turkish speaking Cypriots, num-
bering about 100,000, fear oppres-
sion and the loss of their national
identity if the island becomes
Greek. They want partition of Cy-
prus between Greece and Turkey
should the British pull out.
All of this has sorely tried the
Western alliance in this part of
the world, turned NATO partners
Greece and Turkey into virtual
enemies, strained British-Turkish
* * *
FRUSTRATION and bitterness
increase daily in the island as
British negotiations with the
Greek and Turkish governments
seem to bring the Cyprus issue no
closer to solution.
When EOKA started its anti-
British campaign in April, 1955
it rekindled the dimmed national
passions of Greek Cypriots who
have lived under foreign domina-
tion for the last 500 years.
Today it seems all-consuming.
The EOKA dead have been en-
shrined as national heroes and it
appears futile to- pretend that the
organization represents nothing
more than a small band of terror-
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
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before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administraton Building,
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1958
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 172
Automobile Regulations: The Un-
versity automobile regulations will be
lifted with the completion of classes
on Wednesday, May 28, 1958. Office of
the Dean of Men.
Late Permission: Women students
who attended the Drama Season play
on Mon..May 19, had late permission
until 12:05 a.m.
Announcements are available to those
students wh ordered them at the St.
Ac. Bldg. lower level, May 20 to 22 from
1:30 to 4:30 p.m.
A meeting of the Senior Class Presi-
dents will be held in Rm. 302 W. Eng.
Bldg., Thurs., May 22, at 7:00 p.m. for
the purpose of discussing the schedule
and plans for Commencement.
Because of an error in assembling the
material for the Honors Convocation
program, the name of Bernard William
Wehring was omitted. The Honors Con-
vocation Committee sincerely regrets
this error and offers its apology to Mr.
There will be an International Cen-
ter Tea, sponsored by the International
Center and the International Students
Association this Thurs., May 22 from
4:30 to 6:00 p.m. in the International
Faculty Members and University Em-
ployees: The Board in Control of Inter-
c~ollegiate Athletics of the University
of Michigan extends to the Faculty and
to full-time University employees the
privilege of purchasing Athletic Cards.
Those Eligible to purchase: 1. Univer-
sity Faculty and Administrative Offi-
cers. 2. Faculty members who have re-
tired, but still retain faculty privileges.
3. Employees on the University payroll
who have appointments or contracts on
a full-time yearly basis: or. if on an
AFTER HIS AGREEABLE experience at the
NATO meeting 'in Copenhagen about two
weeks ago-agreeable because everyone present
seemed to agree with him-Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles has had a most disagreeable
week. There is trouble in Indonesia, in Lebanon,
in Algeria and France, and in Latin America.
In all of them.there is a challenge to the exist-
ing position and policy of this country. And in
all of them the responsibility for deciding what
to do next is centered upon Dulles himself.
This should, I believe, raise inour minds the
question of whether the conduct of our foreign
policy has not become concentratetl to a dan-
gerous degree, whether responsibility is not
concentrated to an unworkable degree in the
mind and conscience of one man. I think it has
become too concentrated, and that the price
we pay for it is-that in large areas of the world,
as in the Latin American republics to the south
of us and in Canada to the north of us, the
issues and our interests and their interests are
neglected. In other areas which are immediately
vital, as in the Middle East and in continental
Europe, our appreciation of events is out of
date and our policies are vulnerable to the kind
of surprise which the French crisis and the
advent of Gen. de Gaulle would surely bring.
IT IS NECESSARY to look candidly at our
situation. For the crucial difficulty in our
dealing with the multitude of problems is that
Dulles has more problems to decide than any
one man can possibly attend to and know about
Dulles himself is a marvel of endurance and
of intellectual vitality. But he c6nducts his
office in a way which is plainly, as events are
showing, beyond human power. As President
Eisenhower's energy and interest have declined,
Dulles has received from the President the
greater part of the Presidential powers in for-
eign affairs, the nowers which under our system.
At the same time Dulles is curiously separated
from the State Department and the Foreign
Service. He has been to an extraordinary degree
his own ambassador. Is it any wonder that he
cannot attend to everything at once, that what
he does not attend to is neglected? Is it any
wonder that with such an abnormal concentra-
tion of responsibility in one man, our policies,
which need fresh analysis and reflection-are,
as in Latin America for example, so complacent
and so insensitive?
ONE HESITATES to sugggest what might be
done to better this situation. Experience
shows that such suggestions are usually re-
sented.. Only President Eisenhower. and Mr.
Dulles can do anything about anything' and
they are set in their ways.
But it can be said, I think, that in the
American system things do not work well if
in the conduct of foreign affairs the President
abdicates most of his authority and lets it fall
to his Secretary of State. There are many
reasons why this does not work. One of them,
the most important perhaps, is that the con-
duct of foreign relations requires not only nego-
tiation abroad but the political leadership of
Congress at home. Half the underlying griev-
ances of South America, for example, are due
to act of omission and commission by the Con-
gress. President Eisenhower cannot fulfill the
duties of his office by letting Dulles try to per-
form them. President Eisenhower needs some-
how to have the means of doing his own work,
perhaps by calling into the White House his
own advisor in foreign affairs.
This is not meant as a way to supersede
Dulles but as a way of relieving him of an im-
possible burden. It is not at all a reflection on
his ability, which is high, unless it be a reflec-
tion to say of any. man that his powers have
limits, and that he cannot do everything.
rench Showdown Inevitable
By DREW PEARSON
PARIS - Outside the American
embassy parked under the
chestnut trees just off the Place
de la Concorde is a huge black po-
lice van. It parks there every
night. It's dark inside the van, but
every so often someone will light
a cigarette and you can see rows
of faces. They are faces of gen-
darmes sitting all night guarding
the American embassy . . . Along-
side the embassy is the Hotel Cril-
Ion where lived Woodrow Wilson
when he tried to hammer out a
peace treaty which would prevent
further devastation of France. Up
along the Champs Elysees thous-
ands of American doughboys
marched when they first landed in
France in 1917 and again when
they liberated France in 1944.
Much of French history, from La-
fayette on, is intertwined with
American friendship . . Yet the
dark police van, full of gendarmes,
sits all night outside the embassy
of the nation which twice sent
its troops to the aid of France
and in 1947 spent billions for the
reconstruction of France.
* * *
HOW FAR can those gendarmes
be trusted? They have been tough
and courageous so far. When the
Juin wrote an article for the Re-
vue de Deux Mondes blasting the
European defense community.
The French Cabinet had official-
ly approved the EDC and its plan
for a common army for western
Europe. Nevertheless, Marshal
Juin publicly opposed it ... About
the same time another military
man in Japan, Gen. Douglas Mac-
Arthur, differed publicly with the
Far Eastern policies of another
civilian leader, Harry Truman.
MacArthur was called home and
fired . . . Premier Plevin called
Marshal Juin to his office, but did
not fire him. Ever since, Premier
Plevin and all French premiers
have had increased trouble with
the French military. But each
time the civilian leaders have
evaded the issue. They have not
done what Truman did - forced
SHORTLY after- the Marshal
Juin incident, the French military
kidnapped the Sultan of Morocco,
Aug. 15, 1953, and took him to
Madagascar. The government in
Paris let them get away with it.
The Sultan is now King of Mor-
occo, and the incident did not
particularly endear him to the
Youssef, killing about 100 villag-
ers. The government in Paris had
not been consulted. The French
military acted on its own. Again
the government in Paris not only
bowed, but even covered up for the
military . . . With this record of
vacillation, a showdown between
the French army and the French
government was inevitable.
* * *
THE PIGEONS are fatter in
Paris than anywhere in the world.
And the children are rosier. Out-
wardly Paris is unchanged - old
men looking crotchety, young
couples looking lovesick, traffic
cops looking bored, barges chug-
ging up and dowi the Seine,
American tourists sitting in the
Cafe de la Paix trying to look
French; museums, wide avenues,
beautiful buildings, all the out-
ward evidences of a great civili-
zation, a peopie still virile, still
vigorous, and more than ever pas-
sionate in defending their free-
doms . . . Why then the political
turmoil, the uncertainty, the dan-
ger of dictatorship? . . . Is it poli-
tical apathy? Is it the fact that
France lost the flower of her
manhood in two terrible wars?