See Page 4
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
. LXVIII, No. 171
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 21, 1958
STRAC Said Prepared To Fight
Limited Wars Anywhere .in World
FT. BRAGG, N.C. (P)-The Army yesterday took the secrecy
ps off the existence of STRAC-the tough, fiighting force it has
sed and ready to fight limited brush wars anywhere in the world.
The Navy and the Air Force must furnish the 'transportation.
Were Poised To Aid Nixon
STRAC, the Army revealed, furnished the 500 Army troops which
e air-lifted to the Caribbean last week when Vice-President
hard Nixon was beset'by'rioters in Venezuela. But that was a minor
Iter compared to what STRAC is capable of doing with its more
WASHINGTON (P) - Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles served
notice yesterday the United States
might act to help Lebanon put
down anti-government rioters de-
spite Soviet threats against out-
Dulles said there are "a number
of areas .of possible action" but
said he does not anticipate that
American troops will be needed.
The secretary, speaking at a
news conference, accused the
United Arab Republic of inter-
vening to help anti-government
forces, perhaps in cooperation
with Communist lements. .
lie refused to spell out what
new moves might be taken but
made clear the Eisenhwer admin-
istration would not be frightened
out of doing what it believed right
because of Soviet warnings.
"We are not deterred anywhere
in the world from doing what we
think is right and our duty by
any Soviet threats," Dulles said.
This was his answer to a So-
viet government accusation Sun-
d ay that the United States was
preparing to land Marines on the
The Soviet statement warned of
what it called "serious conse-
quences" to mid-East peace of the
United States sought to interfere
to help President Camille Cha-
Dulles, in replying to Moscow's
blast, did not mention Aiherican
warships and reinforced Marine
detachments operating in the
Nor did he call attention to the
fleet of Air Force Globemaster
. transports flown to Germany for
use in evacuating Americans from
riot-torn Lebanon if needed.
Fails To Aid
BEIRUT, Lebanon MP)-A medi-
ator's efforts to work out a com-
promise between opposition leaders
and Lebanon's pro-Western gov-
ernment collapsed yesterday.
Former Premier Saeb Salam, the
top opposition leader in Beirut,
denied he had agreed to any nego-
"We are standing firm on our
demands," he declared.
f The opposition has warned that
the bloody turmoil which has
shaken Lebanon for 11 days will
r continue until President Camille
Chamoun resigns. About 200 per-
sons have been killed.
Raymond Edde, a prominent
political leader, stepped in as a
mediator to seek a compromise.
He nt with Salam, Tripoli oppo-
sition chief Raschid Karami and'
others opposed to the government.
Gen. Faud Chehab, the army
chief of staff, also sat in.
The compromise plan reportedly
proposed by Edde called for for-
mation of a neutral government
headed by Gen. Chehab-
Chamoun would serve until the
end of his six-year term Sept. 23,
but the constitution would not be
amended to allow him to succeed
Opposition leaders, fearing Cha-
moun will seek another term, have
demanded his immediate resigna-
athan 125,000 men organized into
four divisions, Maj. Gen. Robert F.
Sink, its commander, said.
Prompted by Korea
He said that STRAC, which has
been in existence for several years,
was orga'ized partly as a result of
the nation's experience in Korea.
It is interded to get . highly
trained units to the scene of
trouble in a hurry and "stop the.
little mess before it gets to be a
great big mess."~
The existence of STRAC and the
units that compose it were an-
pounced simultaneously in Wash-
ii..nton and at a news briefing here.
Relies on Others
Gen. Sink, a tough paratrooper
from Lexington, N.C., had one
major complaint: STRAC must
call on the Air Force or the Navy
fer transportation when it has to
"These divisions are a bunch of
hitchhikers," he said. "If we don't
In.ve the means of getting trans-
portation from the Air Force or
the Navy we stay at home."
Although the Defense Depart-
ment presumably would furnish
the planes and ships if and when
they were needed. Sink said that
a joint commander would consider
this lack of transportation at his
command a fault of the system.
The residence hall Board of
Governors yesterday promised to
release on Friday the report by
its committee studying roommate
The Board heard the report at
its regular meeting yesterday, but
decided to delay its publication
until it could be submitted to the,
Inter-House Council and Assem-
bly for consideration at their
meeting Thursday night.
In other major action, the
Board rescinded its previous di-
rective calling for Frederick
House, South Quadrangle, to be
converted to a graduate house
next fall. Instead, it voted to make
Frederick House an all-transfer
student house, and to reserve
Prescott House, East Quadrangle,
for the exclusive use of graduates.
Previously the Board had sug-
gested that Prescott House be
filled with both graduates and
transfer students. It was decided,
however, that it would be wisest
not to mix these two groups.
It was pointed out that the ma-
jority of transfer students are
JAKARTA (M)-Goverment land,
sea and air forces have unleashed
their long awaited offensive in
east Indonesia, striking on two
islands 200 miles apart.
The government announced yes-
terday the capture of Gorontalo,
in the heart of the rebellious North
Celebes, and seizure of a rebel-held
airfield on Morotai Island.
An army spokesman, Lt. Col.
Rudy Pirngadie, said loyal units
stormed ashore last Wednesday on
beaches near Gorontalo, a town
of 25,000 population 125 miles
southeast of Mendao, the rebel
capital. He did not say when the
town was taken.
Airborne troops leaped before
dawn Tuesday on Morotai, a 32-
mile-long island of 6,000 inhabi-
tants which was Gen. Douglas
MacArthur's advance headquar-
ters in the World War II drive
that recaptured the Philippines.
Marines and helmeted troops
from the government-held South
Celebes then waded ashore from
A communique said a rebel B26
bomber was shot down during the
fighting and plunged into the sea.
TO Be Given
The annual Jules and Avery
Hopwood Awards will be present-
ed at 4:15 p.m. 'tomorrow at the
sixth annual Michigan Writer's
Conference to be held tomorrow
and Friday in the Rackham
Sponsored by the Eglish de-
partment the Conference repre-
sents an attempt to allow writers
to take advantage of the practical
advice and counseling of editors,
literary agents and writers, and
submit manuscripts to them for
The Hopwood lecture will be
given by Prof. John Ciardi of Rut-
gers University at the presenta-
tion of awards in Rackham Audi-
torium. Prof. Ciardi, a noted poet,
editor and translator, was the
winner of a Hopwood Award in
The Conference will begin to-
morrow with discussion workshops
in the fields of fiction, non-fic-
tion, and poetry. Speakers for the
discussions will be Prof. Robert F.
Haugh, Prof. John F. Muehl, and
Prof. Donald A. Hall, all mem-
bers of the English department.
Fred Charm, '59BAd, is "im-
proving" although still in critical
condition in Pontiac General Hos-
Doctors said Charm, who re-
ceived a broken neck in a swim-
ming accident Sunday, had re-
gained slight feeling in his chest
and arms. He is able'to raise his
hands, but cannot lower them.
The accident occurred at a par-
ty held by Steve Bloom, '60, and
his younger brother Michael at
their parents' cottage.
Test Attack To Hit
Four Block Area
Ann Arbor's civil defense direc-
tor, Col. Gerald G. Miller, yester-
day described today's test alert as
"only a first step."
He said that "in time I would
like to see every city in Washtenaw
County taking part in a test like
The four city blocks bounded by
Washington St., Ashley St., Ann
St. and Fourth Ave. will be thej
site of the test's main activity and
people there will take cover from
a'hypothetical bombing raid today
sometime between 8 a.m. and
The exact time of the alert will
not be known until minutes before
the mythical attack. The warning,
signaled by sirens on fire stations,
the University's power plant and
the King-Seeley Corporation, will
mean the bombers are only five
Miller said he considers Ann
Arbor to be in danger of nuclear
bombings because of its proximity,
to primary targets in Detroit and
at Willow Run Airport.
"The bombing error of a plane
flying at 50,000 feet could easily
put Ann Arbor in the danger area,"
Tests of this kind he said, are
long overdue. "Civil Defense is al-
ready behind the times and I be-
lieve that in our time we'll see
World War III!'
The test will include testing of
communications facilities, Miller
WASHINGTON (iPf) - The
taxpayers' tab for the 150th
anniversary celebration next
year of Abraham Lincoln's birth
hassoared from the originally
authorized $10,000 to $740,000.
Sen. John Sherman Cooper
(R-Ky.) said the $600,000 re-
ported earlier Tuesday as the
governmept's proposed bill in- '
cludes only special projects.
Another $140,000 will be
needed to take care of the
Cooper, commission chair-
man, and the commission's vice
chairman, Rep. F. Jay Nimtz
(R-Ind.), defended the pro-.
posed spending at a joint news
conference. What's more, they
predicted no difficulty in get-
ting congressional approval.
"This is only a one-year pro-
position," Cooper said. "It will
be 50 years before we get an-
other such celebration."
Symphony Band To Play
DIAG CONCERT-The Diagonal will be the scene of the University Symphony Band's second annual
concert at 7:15 p.m. tomorrow. Directed,, by Prof. William D. Revelli of the music school, the band
a fnv k i lassiiralcomuositions ands el etinsfrom Broadway plays.
will present michigan songs, 01 USC musc, cc U1Vb"ubz
Pictured is a scene from last year's outdoor concert.
Ike Asks Country's Support
To Throw Off Recession
NEW YORK (1P) - President Dwight D. Eisenhower called on the
nation last night to rally all its forces to promote an early business
He said the recession appears to be slowing down.
Warns Against 'Spirals'
The President also cautioned against disastrous wage-price spi-
rals. He appealed to both business and labor union leaders to guard
against "another dismal sequence'
of ever-rising costs and prices."
And he said that if such hikes Gre
are not based on increased pro- g r e
wil reindthose leaders of it "in P i n w*r
ways that are clear and painful."
He said: "And in the process To Evaluations
the whole economy will suffer."
To Decideon Taxes "Students are asked to be sin-
The President added that "cer- cere in filling out the question-
tain decisions will shortly be taken naires distributed to them for use
in the field of taxation," after in compiling the course evalua-
consultation with congressional tion booklet," Ron Gregg, '59,
leaders, with respect to the econ- chairman of the course evaluation
omic slump. book committee said yesterday.
James C. Hagerty, White House The questionnaires, which must
press secretary, said in response be returned to the Student Activi-
to a question that the decisions ties Building by Friday, contain
of which Eisenhower spoke could specific questions which are de-
be either for or against tax reduc- signed to aid students in making
tion. a course evaluation, according to
Broadcast Across Country Gregg.
In an address prepared for de- Questions such as "were the
livery at the economic mobiliza- lectures valuable to your under-
tion conference of the American standing of the course," "how was
Management Association, the the lectuier's delivery, organiza-
President again called on private tion" and "did your recitation
business to assume a major share man tend to dominate discussion"
of the job of restoring full pros- are asked. .
perity in the United States. Students are not limited to
President Eisenhower spoke to these specific questions, however.
about 2,000 American business Gregg pointed out the necessity
leaders attending the mobiliza- for students to put down the
tion conference in a New York grade they received in each course
hotel. His speech also was broad- which they evaluates as this is
cast coast-to-coast on television necessary to the accuracy of the
and radio. tabulation .
to . cacv W Vaar as V aaa aia vw.s xr wp r" +o '
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-A majority of
the men and women in' military
uniform will get pay raises next
month under legislation signed
yesterday by President Dwight D.
* * *
WASHINGTON -Two congres-
sional investigations of air safety
were set swiftly in motion yester-
day as a result of the air collision
over the Potomac Valley.
Twelve persons died in the crash
of an Air National Guard jet and a
Capital Airlines plane.
Sen. Mike Monroney (D-Okla.)
told the Senate: "This points up
again with tragic clarity the ur-
gency of a single control of our
air space, with both military and
civilian planes under one direc-
MOSCOW - The Soviet Union
announced today a meeting of
Warsaw Pact government chiefs
will be held in Moscow Saturday.
The brief announcement in the
government newspaper Izvestia did
not disclose the purpose of the
It said an economic conference
of the world's Communist powers
opened yesterday, but gave no de-
tails on that meeting either.
Izvestia said the countries par-
ticipating in the conference now in
session were members of the Coun-
cil of Mutual Economic Assistance.
It said those that will meet Satur-
day belong to the Political Consul-
tative Committee of the Warsaw
gan University will offer the mas-
ter of arts degree in chemistry
starting next September. Presi-
dent Paul V. Sangren said the
new program will offer advanced
work in analytical, physical, or-
ganic, inorganic and bio-chem-.
* . *
BALTIMORE - Mayor Thomas
D'Alesandro swept to victory- over
paving contractor George P. Ma-
honey and five others last night in
Maryland's bitterly contested pri-
mary for United States Senate.
"TIMP will not be sold today,"
Gargoyle Managing Editor Jean
.Willoughby, '59, announced late
yesterday to a special press con-
Miss Willoughby refused to dis-
cuss the reasons for the change in
PARIS () - Premier Pierre
Pflimlin bolstered his hand at the
helm of France last night with a
ringing parliamentary triumph
over the challenging but numeri-
cally thin forces of Gen. Charles
The National' Assembly voted
Pflimlin special emergency pow-
ers to fight the Algerian National-.
But paradoxically Algeria re-
mained in the firm grip of mili-
tary-colonialist forces, opposed to
the Pflimlin government.
Salan Power Continued
And the military commander at
Algiers, dictator over the whole
great French North African re-
gion, got a new endorsement of
faith from Pflimlin,
Thus the French on the Fiuro-
pean side of the Mediterranean
were firmly under civil and quasi-
military control of the Paris gov-
The French across thesea in:
North Africa were in rebellion
against Paris and in the midst of
the 3 -year-old Algerian Nation-
alist rebellion - also against Paris
Wins by Landslide
The Assembly vote was 475 to
100. It was the Premier's best
showing yet in a busy and turbu-
lent six days in office.
Together with the special state
of emergency powers he wields in
France, it left Pflimln in a
stronger position than any other
Virtually all the right-of-center
for Pflimlin. The Communists did,
too although he has said he
spurns their support.
Opposed by Rightists
Only the Gaullists the extreme-
right Poujadists and a handful of
others opposed him.
In a statement just before the
vote Pflimlin made clear he would
leave the application of the spe-
cial powers in the hands of Gen.
Raoul Salan, commander in chief
in Algeria, at least for the time
SGC To Hear
J-Hop Chairman Murray Pe-
well, '60, will repot back to Stu-
dent Government Council tonight
with a revised budget recommen-
dation for the dance, he said.
But Feiwell indicated he still
favors holding the dance at the
I-M Building, and will present
figures to show why the League is,
an impractical site.,
Scott Chrysler, '59BAd., one of
the members who last week op-
posed most strongly use of the
I-M Building, said yesterday he
has done further research on the
capacity of the League and will
present this information tonight.
May Alter Tradition
The decision, according to SGC
Executive Vice-President'Dan Be-
lin, '59, will affect "the tradition
of J-Hop as king of all dances"
The Council will also consider
paying part of the cost of the
Panhellenic - Assembly deferred
rushing study, according to Belin.
He explained that the high ex-
penses had arisen when profes-
sionals at Survey Research Insti-
tute had helped draw up the ques-
tionnaires and interpret the re-
Citsm Valuae to GC
BA4TTLES AGAINST SNAILS:
Professor Scratches for Swimmer's Itch Cause
A battle is being waged at the University against snails carrying
parasites which cause "swimmers' itch."
Prof. Henry van der Schalie of the zoology department, curator
of mollusks at the University Museum, is in charge of the research
being conducted on the snails under a grant from the United States
Public Health Service.
The swimmer's itch problem is being attacked from two angles:
biological research on the mollusk vectors, the group of snails carrying
the parasites, and extermination of the snails.
Extermination is being handled by a crew from the Michigan
Department of Health. This crew woi'ks with Prof. van der Schalie to
find the best methods of eradication of the snails from Michigan's
John Burch and Harold Walters of the zoology department are
assisting Prof. van der Schalie on the snail research. Burch is applying
a technique for plotting amino acids within the snail to determine
which species are involved as carriers of the itch.
The technique, known as paper chromatography, has been used
in other fields and has been briefly used in animal classification, ac-