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May 15, 1958 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1958-05-15

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I

"Find Any Fingerprints On It ?"

Sixty-Eighth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
hen Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3 241
Editorials printed in The' Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This ius t be noted in all reprints.
RSDAY, MAY 15, 1958 NIGHT EDITOR: BARTON HUTHWAITE
Board of Governors Ignores
Possible System Improvements

I REFUSING to authorize the use of Prescott
House in East Quadrangle for a year's trial
an all-freshman house, the Residence Halls
ard of Governors displayed an attitude tinged
;h over-conservatism.
From the unexplainable abstention of two
ard members to outright expressions of mis-
st of sociologists and psychologists, the
ard exhibited a weakness that is a liability
a group in its position.
t'he Michigan House Plan Committee, which
I recommended that the all-freshman unit
tried, strongly requested the establishment
a faculty .advisory council for the house.
gumhents put forth the staffing of such a
incil would run into a great deal of difficulty
:ause of faculty reluctance to accept such a
;t.
'WAS contended that the present system of
assigning a Faculty Associate to each resi-
ice hall house was not very successful and
it a council of such advisors would be no
re so. Further contentions held that it would
unreasonable to expect the faculty to give
re of their time for such a system.
lowever, it was pointed out by supporters of
e proposal that the present faculty associate
n does not provide specific assignments for
e associate and consequently provides less of
;timulus for him than the counseling duties
would perform under the committee's plan.
hat's more, it was assumed that the faculty
mbers participating in the proposed plan
uld be relieved of some of their academic
bles.
It must be granted, however, that this was
>bably the most valid argument presented in
;osition to the proposal. But what was per-
ps the worst case for rejection was a surpris-
ly strong feeling that the faculty council
uld attract primarily sociolo'gists and psy-
>logists who would turn the resident fresh-
n into "guinea pigs."
VEN IF social science experiments were con-
ducted within the proposed freshman house,
is difficult to see what harm they would do.
rhaps they would result in beneficial dis-
reries which could be used to develop the
n more effectively. However, the Board
>uld have had little fear in matters getting

out of hand, for the plan required Vice-Presi-
dent Lewis, who is Board chairman, along with
Vice-President Marvin L. Niehuss, to appoint
the council. Furthermore, ultimate authority
over the experiment would have rested in the
Board itself.
Other opposing arguments assert that a
freshman house would create too much of a
disciplinary problem and also lack tradition
and continuity. The crux of this argument
seemed to center around the idea that upper-
classmen in a house offer a stabilizing influence.
Doubt exists, however, as to whether upper-
classmen discourage or actually contribute to
disciplinary problems in many instances. In
some cases, older men who "know the ropes"
may encourage freshmen into such affairs as
panty raids and food riots, as has been demon-
strated in the past.
FURTHERMORE, the fact that there is a 50
per cent turnover among residence hall
freshmen each year may be in part,attributable
to a certain tension that develops.between the
freshmen and the sometimes disdainful upper-
classmen. Many of these older men in the resi-
dence halls, having accustomed themselves to a
fixed pattern, actually seem to resent the in-
trusion of the less mature freshmen. The separ-
ation of these two groups during the first year
may well be a solution to these existing prob-
liems. It was further pointed out that 90 per
cent of Winchell House, West Quadrangle, was
made up of freshmen during this past year.
45 FOR presefving continuity, the vast fresh-
man turnover in a system which is pre-
dominantly made up of freshmen would seem
to indicate that this is not a strong point of
the current system. If upperclass houses were
provided for those men who had decided to stay
within the residence halls, they would un-
doubtedly provide a rpuch more continuous and
stable foundation for the system than exists at
present.
The residence hall system is admittedly far
from perfect. It seems the Board of Governors
might have used a broader outlook in dealing
with what was, after all, only an experiment
but which might have led to some much-needed
improvements.
--WILLIAM RANSOM

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INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Communist Climate in Venezuela

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst .
C REATION of a climate in Latin
America for Communist ex-
pansion has gone farther than
most people had realized.
President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower addressed himself to one of
the salient facts of the cold war
when he qualified his blame for
the Nixon disturbances with a re-
minder that the Reds always seek
to exploit unrest.
There can be little doubt that
the Communists instigated the
demonstrations along the vice-
president's route. The slogans and
the action are both too familiar.
* * *
THERE would be danger, how-
ever, in attributing all the trouble
to an unrepresentative minority.
In retrospect, observers in Venezu-
ela are finding an underlying back-
ground of resentment against for-
eign practices and foreign ,per-
sonnel employed in developing the
country's resources.

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Nixon Attacks Reveal
Popular Resentment

'

No doubt the development of
Venezuela has been mutually
profitable to the country and the
developers. There is great doubt
whether Venezuelans feel the
profit is as mutual as it should be.
Until recently the United States
condoned, did business with and
after a fashion supported a gov-
ernment which, to put the very
best possible light on it, considered
civil liberties subordinate to its
conception of the general welfare.
THE JIMINEZ dictatorship was
better than many governments
with which the United'States has
done business. The resources were
needed both by Venezuela and the
free world. Expediency carried the
day.
The President says -the United
States has placed no quota on
Vznezuelan oil, which is officially
tiue. But the oil companies have
cut down their take, and people
seldom make hairline distinctions
where the effect is the same.

This type of problem occurs fre-
quently, regardless of good will
when the United States free enter-
prise system attempt to do busi-
ness with underdeveloped coun-
tries.
THE BRITISH are extending
sympathy to the United States in
the Latin-American as well as the
Algerian and Lebanese troubles.
But they can't help reminding of
the criticism they used to get
when they too, as they felt, were
trying to extend modernization
and civilization.
, The United States is relatively
new at the business of trying to
reconcile altruism with business
and politics abroad.
She is trying to regulate the
world's economic weather as a
factor in .a political war which
carries a threat of all-out war.
History helps but little, because no
other nation ever had so many
involvements.

Protest .. .
To the Editor:
UNFORTUNATELY for both
North and South Americans,
the friendly visit by Vice-Presi-
dent Richard Nixon has aroused
demonstrations of unfriendly ex-
pressions.
What is actually happening in
Latin America is an outgrowth of
resentment against American
economic and political policies.
The problem does not simply in-
volve a handful of agitators from
our left-wing factions, or from
"communist hands" as Secretary
of State Dulles believes. No, it
deals with a popular protest or
reaction against North American
policies In the economic field be-
cause their only interests are in
obtaining from our countries raw
materials and the best crops in
food products, ignoring complete-
ly the Latin American traditions
and cultural life. On the political
scene, because the people have
matured sufficiently to realize
that the worst dictators that we
have had (and that we still have
in some Latin American coun
tries,) have been backed by arms
sent by the United States making
impossible all attempts at revolu-
tion against the tyrant, as in
Cuba.
There is a constant social out-
cry, as discontent which is subtly
revealed in our literary works of
the last decade and this week fi-
nally found forceful expression in
the stones thrown at Nixon.
What must be done to solve
these problems, now when they
are found in the initial stage? It
is necessary to improve cultural
relations in all their different
manifestations; state department
people ought to be sent who not
only know the language of the
country (which is the very least
we can ask!) but also men of suf-
ficient culture so they can enter
into contact with these nations,
and learn their intimate problems
without feeling themselves re-
stricted by a superiority complex
which annihilates the best in-
tentions;
Our people, and the future gen-
erations of our sonig will feel in-
finitely grateful, if, in place of
ships entering our ports loaded
with all types of instruments of
war with the result of very often
strengthening the o p p r e s s i v e
hand of a terrible dictator, they
were loaded with tractors and in-
dustrial machinery that would be
used to develop the agriculture
and industry of our lands. Then
there would not be such a poli-
tical unrest, because the masses
would be occupied with agricul-
tural or industrial work, and
would not be interested in the
revolutions which often have a
personal economic significance for
only a minority.
If this were so, it would not be
many years before we would ob-
serve tremendous changes in our
diplomatic relations.
We are hoping that the attitude
of the United States will change
in Latin America, that its outlook
will not concentrate on the ships
Aoaded with oil or coffee from our
coasts, but on a feeling of soli-
darity with their younger brothers
in the Americas.
-Publio Gonzalez-Rodas
AAUP . ,
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The article re-
ferred to was incorrectly attributed
to The Nation.)
To the Editor:
SHOULD like to answer some
comments reprinted from the
National Review in Tuesday's Daily
under the heading "Suspicion."
"The AAUP, far from being
what it pretends to be, is merely
an association of 10,000 university
professors." The Association's

membership is currently about
40,000. The University of Michigan
chapter has 385 members, includ-
ing 21 chairmen of departments, 3
deans (as associate members), and
the professor (an authority on
Benjamin Franklin, by the way)
who has just received the Univer-
sity's highest recognition for
scholarly achievement.
The .Association's purpose is
pretty much what the National Re-
view says it ought to be but is not:
"a national organization of pro-
fessional scholars that, proceeding
from a carefully considered posi-
tion concerning an ordered aca-
demic freedom, would invoke sanc-
tions against genuinely offensive
institutions"-, plus a general aim
to protect the free competition of
ideas and the status and dignity
of the profession, and a belief that
universities are communities of
scholars responsibly teaching, and
guiding academic policies.
I am not sure what the National
Review means by "ordered free-
dom," but it sounds depressingly
similar to "Russian democracy."
I think "genuine offenses" might
be a more accurate reading, too.
The "National Review" goes on:
"It was captured, many vears a

lege presidents representing the
Association of American Colleges,
and three professors, representing
the AAUP. The initial invitation
came from the AAC, which ap-
proved the statement in January,
1958.
This and previous statements of
principles as well as the Associa-
tion's records are open for inspec-
tio+ I think the Associations
forty-four year history has shown,
contrary to what the National Re-
view says, that practices censured
by the AAUP have indeed been e
ipso unjust and contrary to the
ideas of freedom and of protecting
the individual from encroachments
by the, majority on which this
country was founded, ideas which
even in academic circles where
fairness and rationality and free-
dom of conscience should count-
we perpetually tend to forget.
--Sheridan Baker
Professor of English
DAIFLY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no editor-
ial responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building.
before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. riday.
THURSDAY, MAY 15, 1958
VOL. LXVHI, NO. 162
General Notices
There will be an International Center
Tea, sponsored by the International
Center and the International Students
Association this Thurs., May 15 from
4:30 to 6:00 p.m. at the Interntiona
Center.
Disciplinary action in cases of stu-
dent misconduct: At meetings held on
March 5, 6, 13, 18, 20, 26, 27, April 1,
17, 22, May 1, 6, and 8th, cases involv-
ing 110 students and 1 fraternity were
heard by the Joint Judiciary Council.
In all cases the action was approved by
the Sub-Committee on Discipline.
1. Violation of the University driv-
ing regulations:
(fa) Failure to register automobile -
one student fined $35.00, 2 students
fined $35.00, with $30.00 suspended;
2 students fined $35.00 with $20.00
suspended; 1 student fined $30.00 with
$20.00 suspended; 5 students fined
$25.00 with $15.00 suspended; 1 student
fined $25.00 with $10.00 suspended; 1
student fined $25.00 all of which was
suspended; 1 student fined $20.00 with
$10.00 suspended; 1 student fined$15.00;
2 students fined $15.00 with $10.00 sus-
pended; 5 students fined $10.00; 1 stu-
dent fined $10.00, all of which was sus-
pended; 2 students given a written
warning.
(b) Failure to register automobile
and attempt to falsify - 2 students
fined $35.00 .with $20.00 suspended; 1
student fined $30.00 and 1 student fined
$20.00.
(c) Driving without authorization--
I student fined $45.00 with $20.00 sus-
pended: 1, student fined $40.00; 1 stu-
dent fined $40.00 with $15.00 suspend-
ed; 1 student fined $40.00 witi $20.00
suspended; 3 students fined $35.00; 1
student fined $30.00; 1 student fined
$30.00,, with $20.00 suspended; 1 stu-
dent fined $25.00; 1 student fined.
$25.00 with $10.00 suspended; 1stu-
dent fined $25.00 with $15.00 suspend-
ed; 2 students fined $20.00 with $10.00
suspended; 3 students fined $15.00; 2
students fined $10.00; 1 student given
a written warning.
(d) Driving without authorization
and attempting to falsify - 1 student
fined $50:00 and I student fined $20.00.
(e) Unauthorized borrowing of an
automobile - 1 student fined $20.00
with $10.00 suspended; 1 student fined
$15.00 with $10.00 suspended; 1 student
fined $5.00.
(f) Unauthorized lending of an auto-
mobile - 1 student fined $20.00 with
$10.00 suspended; 1 student fined $10.00
with $5.00 suspended; 1 student fined
$5.00
(g) Misuse of special business per-
mit- 2 students fined $25.00 with
$10.00 suspended; 1 student fined $25.00
with $10.00 suspended; 1 student fined
$20.00 and 1 student issued a written
warning.
(h) Misuse of special commuting per-
mit - 1 student fined $15.00; I student
fined $5.00.all of which was suspended
and 1 student issued a written warn-
ing.

(1) Misuse of special storage permit-
1 student issued a written warning.
(,) Unauthorized use of an unregis-
tered automobile - 1 student fined
$5.00._
(k) Unauthorized use of an unregis-
tered automobile and misrepresenta-
tion of facts - 1 student fined $50.00
with $20.00 suspended.
(1) Conduct unbecoming a student
in the use of an automobile - 1 stu-
dent fined $35.00.
(m) Driving without authorization
and later failing to register automo-
bile - 1 student fined $50.00 with $15.00
suspended.
(n) Failure to display decal - 1 stu-
dent fined $5.00.
2. Conduct unbecoming students in
that, state laws and city ordinances
relating to the purchase, sale and use
of intoxicants were violated:
(a) Found guilty, in Municipal Court
of driving after drinking and simple
larceny. 1 student fined $15.00 with
$10.00 suspended.
(b) Found guilty, in Municipal Court,
of being drunk and disorderly. 1 stu-
dent fined $30.00.
(c) Participated in a group gather-
ing at which intoxicants were served
and at which minors were present.
Six students fined $25.00 each and of-
ficers of group asked to resign and will
not be eligible for re-election.
(d) Attempted to purchase intoxi-
cants with borrowed identification and
falsified information. 1 student fined
$30.00 with $10.00 suspended.
(e) Drinking, in violation of state
law, in student quarters and unlaw-
fully driving away an automobile. 1
student issued a written severe repri-
mand and warned that any future vio-

I

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fit

4

Ile Blunders in Latin America

V

PRESIDENT Dwight D. Eisenhower took an-
other step in erasing all traces of American
diplomacy as he hastily dispatched two units
of paratroopers and two other units of Marines
to Caribbean bases to "protect" Vice-President
Richard Nixon in Caracas, Venezuela. This was
just another of the many blunders in dealing
with foreign nations which has served to
practically eliminate diplomacy from our vo-
cabulary and replace it with the term "foreign
affairs."
Public announcement of the troop movement
was the first blow to diplomacy. For it told
American people and the rest of the world
that we considered the Venezuelan government
.incapable of giving adequate protection to Mr.
Nixon. Moreover, Mr. Eisenhower's mood was
described as "aroused," implying international
distrust on the highest level.
Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, acting
for the President, then proceeded to inform
the Venezuelan counsel in Washington that
our government was to be informed immedi-
ately of "any lack of will or capacity" to protect
Nixon and his party. Dulles blundered here,
when, according to informed sources, he failed
to inform the Venezuelan government through
diplomatic channels of the movement of troops
at the same time that he issued his first note

of protest. to the Venezuelan government.
Although the Venezuelan 'government did
eventually receive a note concerning the troop
movement, there was no sign of diplomatic
cooperation or consultation.
If President Eisenhower's intention was to
scare the Venezuelan government or the rioters
in the country, perhaps he achieved success. It
is questionable that, anyone will ever know.
However, any notion of efficiency of troops two
or three hours from the site of trouble seems
a bit far-fetched.
IF PRESIDENT Eisenhower,truly believed that
Nixon was in immediate danger or it was
imminent, the thousand troops many miles
distant really would be quite ineffective in any
short-run emergency.
The real effect of the troops' movement seems
only to provide 'more material for accusations
by the South Americans of Yankee Imperialism
and interference with Latin American affairs.
No one doubts the need for protecting the
Vice-President. Spiriting him out of the coun-
try-in a big hurry-might have been a far
better solution to the problem. And in the
long run, it certainly would have been a more
diplomatic one.'
-DOUGLAS VIELMETTI

A.;

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Moon Progress; More Bombs
By DREW PEARSON

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Pressure vs. Relaxation
By WALTER LIPPMANN

(EDITOR'S NOTE: Drew Pearson is
now reporting on what progress Mos-
cow may have made among our NATO
allies. While he is abroad the Wash-
ington end of the column is written
by his associate, Jack Anderson.)
WASHINGTON - Soviet Dic-
tator Nikita Khrushchev is
driving his scientists to launch a
man in space and to shoot a rock-
et to the moon as propaganda
stunts to convince the world that
Russia is still ahead in the great
space race.
This is the conclusion of our
technological spies whose elec-
tronic devices have long outdated
the cloak-and-dagger technique
for finding out what's going on
behind the Iron Curtain.
Their modern methods have
produced technological evidence
(1) that Russia has already failed
in two attempts to hurl a man
into space in the nose cone of a
giant missile; and (2) that as re-
cently as the third week of last
month the Soviets also failed to
launch a moon rocket.
They successfully fired two
more intercontinental missiles,
however, during the past few
weeks. These soared over Siberia
from the Caspian Sea to the
Kamchatka Peninsula. Our high-
powered radar tracked the streak-
ing nose cones which re-entered
the earth's atmosphere without
burning up, then either smacked
into the peninsula or plunged into
the Bering Sea less than 1,500
miles from Alaska.
** *
.OUR technical experts expect
Russia to try again soon to wow
the world with something more
spectacular than a simple Sput-
nik. They believe Khrushchev
would like to shoot a man into
orbit, then bring him back alive

which our scientists hope to pho-
tograph.
The Air Force also hopes to
boomerang the moon in Septem-
ber and October with more com-
plex satellites. The October shot
may even carry a television cam-
era if present plans work out.
Meanwhile, special observation
stations will be built in Hawaii
and England for the moon shots.
The year 1958 may go down in
history as another 1492.
* * *
THE SENATE may be forced to
declassify secret testimony to
settle the feud between Sen. Clint
Anderson (D-N.M.), and Atomic
Energy Chairman Lewis Strauss
over whether we are stockpiling
"dirty" H-bombs while we talk
about "clean" ones.
Anderson charged that hun-
dreds of nuclear bombs have ac-
tually beenumade "dirtier" at the
Pentagon's request. Strauss stout-
ly denied, however, that any
bombs have been modified "for
the purpose" of increasing radio-
active fall-out.
Anderson's charge is based
upon secret testimony before the
Joint Congressional Atomic
Watchdog Committee from Her-
bert York, former director of the
Livermore, Calif., Radiation Lab-
oratory and now chief scientist
for the Pentagon's new space
agency.
Without violating security, this
column can report that York's
testimony would support both
sides of the controversy. What he
reported behind closed doors was
that the Air Force had requested
heavier H-bombs which would
detonate on the ground. These
would stir up radioactive dirt
which probably would be mnore

pure that he will permit foreign
observers to operate the actual
instruments which register the
fall-out from this summer's test.
To demonstrate his "clean"
bomb, Strauss plans to set off a
hydrogen explosion of five mega-
tons (equivalent to 5,000,000 tons
of TNT). It takes the intense heat
of a smaller atomic explosion to
trigger a larger hydrogen explo-
sion. The trigger bomb spreads the
radioactive particles which
Strauss' scientists have now re-
duced to five or six per cent of the
total fall-out.
* .* *
ALL THIS will be explained in
a pamphlet which Strauss is now
preparing for the foreign observ-
ers. What the pamphlet won't
mention, however, is that the hy-
drogen explosion may charge the
surrounding elements with radio-
activity which will be just as dan-
gerous as the particles from the
trigger bomb.
The neutrons released by the
hydrogen, explosion will probably
activate other elements and cause
induced radioactivity. The re-
sulting fallout may be just as con-
taihinated as that spread by dirty
bombs. It all depends upon where
the bomb is exploded and what
elements are activated.
Thus Strauss' ballyhoo about a
clean bomb may backfire unless
he tells the full truth about it be-
fore he shows it off to foreign ex-
perts.
After investigating a report in
this column that the late Senator
Welker's relatives were practic-
ing nepotism in his department
Secretary of the Interior Fred
Seaton reports back that the col-
umn must -have mixed up some
family trees.
Seaton says that Edward Wooz-
1_ hnqc f +1 Th.ae andMa ionna + n

4.

THE LATEST Soviet note, which arrived on
Sunday, seems to show that Mr. Khrushchev
has not missed the point of the NATO com-
munique, which was published on Wednesday.
It is that, for the time being at least, there is
no compelling demand on either side for a
meeting at the summit but that on both sides
there is a compelling interest not to let negoti-
ations be broken off. In order that negotiations
may continue, Mr. Khrushchev has agreed to
the original Eisenhower proposal, which was
adopted at the NATO meeting in Copenhagen,
calling for expert studies of the means to
"detect nuclear explosions."
If past experience is a guide to the future,
this concession by the Soviet Union will once
again pose the question which haunts our West-
ern diplomacy. This is whether to raise the
ante, and to press for more concessions, or to
play for a little and limited argeement. There
are powerful arguments both for and against
ann ++1little nn livmy+a .a a.mnt_+ n ond in the

that the Communist order in Russia and in
China will change its fundamental internation-
al character only if it is encircled and sub-
jected to a mounting pressure of military power
and economic non-intercourse. There are, on
the other hand, those who believe that the
policy of encirclement and near-boycott, while
impotent against the authority of the central
governments, is a great support to them in
regimenting their peoples.
When these two points of view are argued,
the believers in the policy of pressure ar
likely to say that the other school is gullible
and pacifist. Those who believe in a policy of
relaxation are likely to say, or at least to sus-
pect, that the others regard war as inevitable,
and preventive war as conceivable. Both are
extremist views, and the real question is, it
seems to me, whether on the assumption that
a balance of power is maintained, which is the
wiser political policy? Is it to exert the maxi-
mum pressure, maintaining high tension in the

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