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May 14, 1958 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1958-05-14

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"Never Laid A Glove On Me. By The Way, Where Am I?"

51w A an &th
Sixty-Eighth Year
S- ~EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
Vhen Opinions. Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. " ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

"" *Y

Farm Prices Jump
Despite Recession

I

.1

)AY, MAY 14, 1958

NIGHT EDITOR: JOAN KAATZ

SGC ObligedTo Re-Activate.
Phi Sigma Sigma Sorority

Rus r

By OVID A. MARTIN
Associated Press Farm Reporter
WASHINGTON-Secretary of Agriculture Benson appears to have the
upper hand right now in his recurrent battle with critical farm
belt congressmen.
A 5.5 per cent jump in the level of farm prices during March and
April-in the midst of an economic recession-has put the Eisenhower
administration farm chief in his stronger position.
It put a silencer on the usually voluble farm bloc. For weeks now its
members have held quiet on oft-repeated demands that Benson either
resign or be fired.-
The big question here is: How long will Benson's favorable position
last? The query is being put by many political leaders who have their
eyes on the November elections for members of Congress. Democrats
have been counting on an unpopular Benson helping them win many

k~

)HI SIGMA SIGMA will present its charter
to the Student Government Council at to-
ight's meeting.. . a charter which SOC should
eel an obligation to accept.
Phi Sigma Sigma may have picked a poor
me to make its bid for re-activation as a
ocial sorority at the University. Nevertheless,
midst the talk of discriminatory practices in
ff-campus housing, charges of dormitory seg-
egation and repercussions of the Sigma Kappa
sue, this "predominantly Jewish" sorority has
een colonizing.t
The need for another "predominantly Jewish"
orority has been apparent for a long time.
owever, the stark realization did not seem to
ake effect until this past year, when the Jewish
Irls who rushed outnumbered the places avail-
ble in "predominantly Jewish" sororities by a
atio of four to one.
Consequently, the fatalities during "rush"
ere enormous. Fatalities which needn't have
een, which shouldn't have been, which would
ot have been if 1) there were more "predomi-
antly Jewish" sororities on campus, 2) there
'ere more sororities disposed to taking in
ewish girls, 3) there -were more Jewish girls
iclined to Join other than "predominantly
ewish" sororities.
Phi Sigma Sigma seeks to .alleviate the situa-
.on. If given the chance, it well may.
;PECIFICALLY, although it will not prove a
cure-all, it can make it posible for more

Jewish girls to become affiliated in the years
ahead. Not only will it provide a short-run
relief, but far more important is the long-
range effect.
Idealistically, it is desirable that sororities
bypass any religious differences in selecting
their membership. It may seem odd to think
that by instituting another "predominantly
Jewish" sorority, this ideal can come closer to
being achieved.
However, the reasoning behind the "predomi-
nantly Jewish" sororities being more than "pre-
dominantly" Jewish, is the undeniable obliga-
tion they feel to take in Jewish girls.
BELIEVING, and rightly so, that in denying
a Jewish girl a place in their sorority, they
may be denying her a place in any sorority,
the "predominantly Jewish" sororities act ac-
cordingly. '
It follows that as another sorority which will
take in Jewish girls is established on campus,
and perhaps another and another, the obliga-
tion any of them will feel to bid a girl on any
kind of a religious basis will decrease.
Integration may result . . . Integration of
non-Jewish girls into "predominantly Jewish"
sororities and Jewish girls into all sororities.
This will be gradual, as all integration is
and has been. SGC has the power to provide
the impetus by permitting Phi Sigma Sigma
to re-activate.
-JUDY DONER

t3?t957 .{r Ae G~ Ps ga- a~,

t "'

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Italian Elections Affect U.S.
By DREW PEARSON

Education for Integration

rHE RECENT "black eye" given the Univer-
sity by the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People is poor public
relations material but it.should. lead to a re-
affirmation, in practice, of policies which most
students have accepted for some time.
There is always a cultural lag in as dynamic
a society as the University community. It is
unfortunate however that it is necessary for
an organization such asthe NAACP to have to
publicly chastize the University for its lack of
liberal and progressive action on this vital
social problem.
PRACTICALITY is a primary consideration
before implementing a social reform of
this type or in rearranging procedures. The
discontinuance of residence hall application
pictures and all of the other objections to the
present system voiced by the NAACP can be
circumvented by those individuals administering
the policy, if they so choose.-What is really'
necessary is an educational program that would
eliminate the lag that exists between most of
the students and the actual application of anti-
discriminatory policy.
Most students feel that it is considerably
more important to have a roommate who is
compatible in areas such as time of retiring,

smoking habits, study with or without a radio
or record player, and neatness than it is to
have an individual of the same race or religion.
Among the most valuable personal experi-.
ences available to students in residence halls
is the opportunity to talk with members of
other groups . . . whether they be racial, reli-
gious, or philosophic.
EXPOSURE to the views of the other groups
has the "beneficial effect of removing much
of the stereotypes and prejudices which could
continue to influence attitude if experience did
not disprove them.
Of course the program of selection described
above is not without drawbacks. The most obvi-
ous is the individual who simply will not, under
any circumstances, accept a member of another
race or religion as a roommate. Any attempt to
force compliance upon these incorrigibles only
results in a 'reinforcement of their prejudices
and accomplishes nothing.
Fortunately these narrow-minded individuals
are .a minority and if our society continues to
progress as it should, they will become an even
smaller minority and perhaps an extinct phy-
lum of humanity that can be studied only via
their fossils.
-RALPH LANGER

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is Drew
Pearson's second dispatch from Rome
in his coverage of the forthcoming
Italian election.)
J1OME - The average citizen of
Salina, Kansas or Sioux Falls,
South Dakota would have a hard
time figuring out why the nation-
al election in Italy was of any
great importance to him. Yet it is.
The way Italy votes ten days
from now may well affect the fu-
ture of the great American army
base we've established at Leghorn,
one of the biggest in the world,
big enough to supply all the
armies of the Free World east of
France. Or it may well effect our
base at Verona where we have one
combat division. And it may ef-
fect our atomic air base at Foggia
and our NATO base at Naples
where the Sixth Fleet has an im-
portant operation. But, even more
important, American prestige is
involved in the Italian elections,
for this is a country into which
we poured a great amount of aid,
where we won many friends, and
which has been just about our
best friend in Western Europe.
* * * '
IT DOESN'T take a heavy com-
munist vote to change this. Even a
big vote by the Nenni Left-Wing
Socialists who favor neutralism
could change it; or a heavy vote
by the Monarchists and Fascists.
Some of these are about as de-
pendable as Mussolini.
The most colorful Monarchist
candidate is Achile Lauro, Ex-
Mayor of Naples, now touring

Italy in two Pullman cars. The
Caravan gives away shoes and
macaroni to voters. Lauro can af-
ford these give-aways. He made
millions as a Ship Operator for
Mussolini, left the city treasury
bankrupt, and now pretends to be
a great friend of the United
States. "The Democratic Chris-
tians," he tells his crowds, "have
followed a wavering foreign policy
toward the United States, which
spells ingratitude toward the
country which helped us recover
from war."
In direct contrast to Monarchist
Candidate Lauro is Giuseppe Sar-
agat, leader of the Social Demo-
cratic party and a staunch friend
of the Unitcd States. Though not
now a member of the Democratic
Christian government, it has been
Saragat's consistent support in
The Chamber which has kept the
Government in power. I caught
Saragat at his apartment in Rome
between two hectic campaign
trips and asked him, among other
things, how the United States is
now rated with the Italian People.
* * *
THE American Myth is gone,"
he replied. "We thought of Amer-
ica as a myth, a country which
could do anything, whose power
could not be challenged. Russia's
Sputnik exploded that myth. We
still regard America as a very
great and respected country, but
the American Myth is no more.
"Another thing that has hurt
the United States has been
speeches by George Kenna, your

Ex-Ambassador to Russia, urging
the acceptance of a -missile-free
zone in Europe," continued Sara-
gat. "This came just as your
friends over here were urging the
opposite."
I told Saragat that Dean Ache-
son, Democratic Secretary of
State who originally appointed
Kennan, had strongly differed
with him in a private meeting
with Democratic senators.
"He should make the statement
publicly," said the Italian leader,
who has suffered politically be-
cause of his staunch support of
the United States. My own ob-
servations confirmed what Sara-
gat sad about Italian disappoint-
ment over Sputnik.
* * *
THE AVERAGE Italian has had
undying faith in the invincibility.
of the United States, and when
the first Russian Sputnik ap-
peared he scoffed that the United
States would soon launch some-
thing bigger and better. But as
each day passed and no American
moon appeared in the sky he was
crushed. This was the most cata-
strophic defeat the United States
suffered since .the American Pa-
cific Fleet was sent to the bottom
of Pearl Harbor in 1941. The
amazing feature is that when Sec-
retary Dulles and the White
House were warned by American
scientists of this possibility they
replied that if Russia launched a
satellite first it would make no
difference to world opinion.
(Copyright 1958 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

Republican seats. Some Republi-
cans said they considered the sec-
retary to be a party liability.
* * *
STATISTICAL reports indicate
that agriculture as a whole is far-
ing better, relatively speaking,
than many urban areas. Farm
prices in mid-April were at the
highest level since the Eisenhower
administration took office in Janu-
ary 1955. They are 10 per cent
above a year earlier and 20 per
cent above the low point of the
administration-December 1955.
Department economists predict
farm income this year will be up
from 5 to 10 per cent sbove last
year. But much of this increase
will reflect larger government pay-
ments to farmers.
The present farm situation has
led congressional farm leaders to.
lay aside, for the time being at
least, the idea of trying to override
President Eisenhower's veto of a
bill that would have frozen farm
price supports at last year's levels.
These leaders realize that it
would not be good political strategy
to try to force farm supports high-
er at a time when agricultural
prices are rising and consumers
are complaining about high food
costs.
* * *
THE PRESENT situation is re-
flected also in the fact that the
House Agricultural Committee
treated Benson with unaccustomed
courtesy when he appeared before
it last week. This committee usu-
ally handles him roughly.
But Benson's critics say the
present farm situation ishbeing
made to appear brighter than it
really is. They point out that a
major factor in recent price ad-
vances was a sharp increase in
prices of fruits and vegetables
caused by freezes in the South.
They say that summer's abundance,
will change all this.
Cattle and hogs also have lent
great strength to farm prices.
Farmers have been sending fewer
cattle to market. They are in the
process of rebuilding herds which
had been reduced under previous
drought and low price conditions.
But marketings of better quality
cattle are expected to increase
rather sharply in the late spring
and summer. This could be fol-
lowed by a sizable decline in prices.
The recession itself would be-
come a strong farm market factor
if it deepens and persists.
Anyway, Benson's critics in Con-
gress will keep an eye on the farm
price situation. Any downturn
could be expected to end their
silence and to renew their thrusts.
Production of hogs is expanding
from last year's rather low level.
This increase will be felt in mar-
kets during the fall and eaily win-
ter.
But cotton and few grain prices
are improving. The latter may turn
down again at harvest time, how-
ever. Dairy prices will average low-
er than last year because of Ben-
son's reduced supports

LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
Condemnation
To the Editor:
I MUST confess that I cannot
resist reading each and every
music review printed in The Daily
and have found them to range
from very good to very bad. Up to
the present moment, however,
have managed to retain an essen#.
tially tolerant attitude since ]
felt, and still feel, that a review
is an expression of personal opin-
ion based on a rather broad back-
ground of experience and know-
ledge.
However, in the case of Mr.
Kessel's latest effort, (the review
of the concerto concert put on by
the School of Music on Friday
evening, May 9, I find that I must
call attention to a decided lack of
judgement and proper taste on the
part of the reviewer. Having been
unable to attend the concert nmy-
self, I will not attack Mr. Kessel's
personal opinions of the music
performed or of the performance
itself. I merely wish to deplore the
openly condescending attitude that
permeates almost every sentence
in 'the article. Having established
some sort of precedence through
quoting a remark attributed to
Mischa Elman, (completely out of
context, at that), Mr. Kessel pro-
ceeds to analyze the efforts of a
group of the finest students in the
School of Music as the efforts of
an "essentially amateur group."
I refer Mr. Kessel to page 169 of
Cecil Smith's book, "Worlds of
Music," wherein Mr. Smith analy-
zes the musical atmosphere of Ann
Arbor. He writes:
" Ihe least interesting kind of
program is that sponsored by the
University of Michigan in Ann Ar-
bor, which imitates the big-city
managers by presenting a year.
long list of stellar attractions . .
A schedule so ambitious commer-
cially and so completely devoted
to the official good products tends
to stifle and submerge more mod-
est but no less valuable campus
efforts. Nobody thinks of the Uni-
versity of Michigan as a place
where the focal interests of music
are furthered primarily through
the efforts of the students and the
faculty."
I am certain that Mr. Kessel's
article, and others like it, go a
long way towards fostering the at-
titude that Mr. Smith so thorough-
ly and so justifiably condemns.
-James Soluri, Grad.
Action * "
To the Editor:
I WISH to congratulate James
Lewis on his support of an edu-
cational program to help solve the
problem of discrimination which
International and Negro students
encounter in their search for ade-
quate off-campus housing. How-
ever, I do not feel that this is
enough. Until the University.Ad-
ministration feels an active con-
cern for all the students. nothing
will happen. James Lewis said that
the University does not have the
facilities to enforce any anti-dis-
criminatory action. Surely this is
an instance in which the Admin-
istration could validly delegate
part of its authority to the SGC
Human Relations Board which has
an interest in this area. The time
to act is now, for as the University
grows in size, the need for off-
campus housing becomes more
acute.
It is to be hoped that James
Lewis and the Administration will
become convinced of the need for
positive action.
-Torre Bissell, '60

4

".

l

9

1.'

7.

U.S. Needs Trade Weapon

THE ONCE-FAMOUS "Trade not Aid" slogan
seems to have faded into obscurity. Reces-
sion-conscious Congressmen are presently wag-
ing a relentless battle to curb the effectiveness
of the reciprocal trade bill now under scrutiny
by the House Ways and Means Committee.
Attempts to water down the trade bill are
gaining headway as a worried United States
faces the possibility of a continuing recession.
Meanwhile, the mutual security authorization
bill, after being trimmed some 10 per cent below
the Administration's original request, may
escape further heavy cuts in House debate.
Calling for $2,958,000,000 in foreign aid, the
bill would probably give aid tQ- "neutral" and
"uncommitted" natons that also receive some
help from the Communist bloc. Opposition
against the bill centers mainly on aiding coun-
tries now being helped by the Soviet but the
chances for its passage are good when compared
with the reciprocal trade bill.
NOGOVERNMENT official will disagree with
the need for a definite foreign policy pro-
gram, but the argument concerns whether as-
sistance to foreign countries should come in
the form of aid or trade. In light of the present
economic recession, an increase in the amount
Editorial Staff
PETER ECKSTEIN, Editor
JAMES ELSMAN, JR VERNON NAHRGANG
Editorial Dirzctor City Editor
DONNA HANSON................Personnel Director
CAROL PRINS.................... Magazine Editor
EDWARD GERLDSEN .. Associate Editorial Director
WILLIAM HANEY...................Features Editor
ROSE PERLBERG ....................Activities Editor
JAMES BAAD......................... Sports Editor
BRUCE BENNETT............ Associate Sports Editor
JOHN HILLYER ..............Associate Sports Editor
DIANE FRASER ............ Assoc. Activities Editor
THOMAS BLUES........... Assoc. Personnel Director
BRUCE BAILEY ................ Chief Photographer

of foreign goods in this country at first glance
looks foolish. The easier path would be increas-
ing loans to the uncommitted nations of the
world in order to*promote the American demo-
cratic philosophy.
But all too often, the returns on such grants,
in terms of propaganda value, are slight. The
Communists have realized this and are slowly
changing their former foreign policies. Using
trade as a tool, the Soviet could gain control
of many, if not all, of the world's uncommitted
nations. Apparently, Director of the Central
Intelligence Agency Alien W. Dulles' warning of
increased Russian trade efforts two weeks ago
has failed to reach/ the ears of Congressmen
discouraging an increase in foreign trade. Wary
of foreign goods competing against American
products in this country, they point to the
recession as defense for their no-trade argu-
ments.
THE SOVIETS have found another means to
gain their ends of world conquest-a tool
which will not wipe half the civilized world off
the face of the earth. They are quickly putting
it to use while the United, States feverishly
attempts to maintain the USSR-US military
power balance. By trading vital commodities
with underdeveloped countries, the Soviet could
eventually control the economies of the coun-
tries. That is, if the United States does not
institute a workable trade bill to counteract the
Russian's plan.
But Russia's challenge will go unheeded-
if Congress fails to pass the proposed reciprocal
trade bill in its original form. "Half-try" efforts
do not produce victories-especially in an eco-
nomic war. Intelligent long-range planning
seems to be fading from the American political
scene and being replaced by short-sighted
stupidity.
-BARTON HUTHWAITE
New Books at the Library

THE CULTURE BIT:
Kelsey Archaeological Museum: A 'Going Concern'

By DAVID NEWMAN
W E GOT to wondering about
the Kelsey Museum. There it
stands, opposite Angell Hall,
housed in the weirdest looking
building on campus since the de-
mise of the Romance Languages
shack. We got to wondering if
anybody ever visited it and what
was in it and like that.
We took a quick poll amongst
friends: one had been in there
three years ago on a rainy after-
noon, one had gone there to do
research on a freshman term pa-
per, five had never dropped by,
three had never heard of it.
So, it was with a sort of cru-
sading spirit that we walked de-
fiantly down State Street and
into the Kelsey Museum of Ar-
chaeology yesterday. Three pass-
ers-by, munching Good Humors,
looked on in amazement. We al-
most expected to hear a brass
band strike up a welcome as we
stepped across the threshold.
* * *
INSTEAD we found ourselves
in a slightly dim, quiet place. We
saw three students winding
around the maze of halls and felt
disappointed. We wanted to plant
the flag first.
Well, the word is: visit the Kel-
sey Museum. It happens to be a

man whose boundless energy for
archeology communicates to the
listener in a second, bade us have
a seat. Now converted to a fan,
we asked him if'there is an at-
tendance problem at Kelsey Mu-
seum. We were glad to learn that
the answer is no.
"This is primarily for research,"
he told us. "We have a great many
students and scholars visiting all
the time, and many out-of-town
groups."
We told him the results of our
poll. "That's perfectly natural,"
he said, benignly. "I was here for
seven years and never went to
Clements Library. I was a night's
ride from Jerusalem and never
went. That,"he added, "I've al-
ways regretted."
* * *
THE HISTORY of the museum
goes back to the 1890's Peterson
explained, although it was not
dubbed Kelsey until 1952. Back
in those 90's, Prof. Kelsey of the
Latin department got things roll-
ing. "Through him our first anti-
quities from Rome came here with
the purchase of the Canon De-
Criscio collection, from Pozzuoli,
Italy. We got several hundred
fragments of original building
materials from ancient Roman
buildings and several hundred
Greek and Latin inscripitions.

gings. This museum is the result
of those expeditions." Further
digging was done in Selucia on
the Tigris. The University collec-
tion is now so large that only one-
fiftieth of the material is on dis-
play in Kelsey. "The University,"
said the director with understand-
able pride, "has now become the
greatest center in the United
States by far for papyri docu-
ments, and one of the greatest in
the world. We are the only place
outside of Egypt where you can
find the written and unwritten

records of a Roman town in
Egypt."
The museum occasionally lends
out exhibits. Baltimore is current-
ly showing some of its Greek pot-
tery and the Detroit Institute of
Art and the Muskegon Art Insti-
tute have benefited in the past.
The Kelsey Museum is a going
concern, we found, and one that
should be the object of more
campus attention. If you've got
a few hours some day, go in and
dig the diggings.

I-

4

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN

\ 4

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no editor-
.ial responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building,
before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 14, 1958
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 161

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