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The Voice Of The Turtle

Sixty-Eighth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This msus t.be noted in all reprints.

IDAY, MAY 2, 1958

NIGHT EDITOR: JOAN KAATZ

IKe's Hesitation at Brink of .Action
Leaves U.S. Economy Floundering

THE FORECAST for the "leveling out" of the
recession has shifted from its last January
prediction of "Late March" to a new guess of
"late summer or early fall."
But as employment across the country re-
mains below normal and the cost of living
continues to rise, the Administration, still hesi-
tates to do anything concrete to reverse the
trend. President Dwight D. Eisenhower has
signed some recession-correcting measures but
has expressed "misgivings" about most of them.
With the approval of the $1,800,000,000 fed-
eral construction increase bill, Ike sent an ac-
companying statement in which he said the
bill could ".. , create unfortunate precedents."
But the recession is too dangerous to be
treated with fear of possible "precedents." Per-
haps a few precedents of action in situations of
this sort would be a good thing.
Senate majority leader Lyndon Johnson sum-
med up the attitude of many Republicans re-
cently when he said, .. . there are those who
think we ought to just tell it (the recession) to
go away."$
The highway bill was passed by Congress with
Democratic support and votes. The Democrats
have told President Eisenhower they will press
ahead his admonition not to ". . . pass anti-
recession legislation too hastily."
Another bill, a $1,850,000,000 housing meas-
ure, was pushed through recently by Democrats,
the first in the series of bills planned they
hope will combat the recession through legis-
lation.
THE ADMINISTRATION hasn't been wholly
Inactive, however. The Federal Reserve
Board dropped reserve requirements for both
New York and Chicago banks by a total of one
per cent in two half-percent drops. It cut other
large-city reserves by one-half per cent. This.
made a theoretical $450,000 available for bank
loans and investments. But this was offset, at
least partially, by the steady outflow of gold
from the United States to Britain . . . nearly
$600,000,000 in the past two months. Each
dollar of gold of gold outflow removes one
dolar from the reserves of private banks.
The Administration must face up to the prob-
lem at hand. It is already too late to stop the
recession with words. No amount of reassurance

will convince the American people that there is
"nothing to worry about." They know that
employment is down and that the cost of living
still goes up.
The banks of the United States contain all-
time-high savings. The psychological problem
set up will require concrete measures to reverse
this trend and put those savings into circula-
tion.
As further evidence of the national concern,
the recently released Rockefeller report offers
a six-point program for ending the decline
and creating a standard of living previously
unattained anywhere. The 17 businessmen,
economists, and educators who prepared the
report should be respected by the White House
in the form of at least some kind of immediate
reaction. The problem cannot be ignored any
longer.
THE STATEMENT by D. Tennant Bryan, now
president of the American Publishers Asso-
ciation, that a temporary tax cut is not bene-
ficial to the unemployed is not as perceptive as
it might be. It is true that unemployed indi-
viduals do not pay taxes on wages they do not
earn, but the cut still would encourage invest-
ment and expansion, which requires putting
savings into circulation and thus helps create
jobs. Confidence in rising employment relieves
the pressure to save and the resulting chain
reaction would go far in re-establishing pros-
perity.
Possibly the Democrats have been more active
because they are the "outs" and the Republi-
cans are the "ins," insofar as the presidency is
concerned. The "'outs" are always anxious to
take the spotlight and be the ,'saviours," much
to the chagrin of the "ins." But regardless of
political considerations, leadership is demanded
now.
The President mast do something to combat
the recession besides simply reassuring every-
one that everything will work out in the end.
Perhaps someone should explain to him the
economic fact of life that the economy can be
manipulated to a more or less degree. Stimula-
tion of commerce can be accomplished by the
government and he must take action now before
the economy deteriorates too far.
-RALPH LANGER

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SGC IN REVIEW:
Action on Elections Clumsy, Helpful

MAY FESTIVAL:
Unexciting Program
Be insCurrent Season
THE SIXTY-FIFTH May Festival began last evening, with the Phila-
delphia Orchestra expending its considerable talents on a collection
of mostly second rate music.
Although Schuman's "Credendum," was commissioned by the
United States Government for UNESCO, this is probably not an accu-
rate reflection of national musical tastes. This is a technically difficult
work: first movement is an extensive brass fanfare, second movement a
pretty, but amorphous affair, which may have been inspired by the UN.
The Finale is quasi-melodic, with a collection of percussion effects keep-
ing the boys in the back row busy.
This is noticeably a derived work, with fragments of Schuman's
teacher Roy Harris, along with Barber, Copland, and even Bloch peeking
around the corners.
" s
LILY PONS returned to Ann Arbor, charming as ever, but lacking
the remarkable voice of past years, to sing a program of songs. The
first three were essentially trivial: two from Mozart in French, and one
of those impossible soprano-flute duets.
After intermission came an aria from Stravinsky's "Le Rossignol,"
an extremely effective piece of orchestration. This, together with Rach-
maninoff's " Vocalise" is far better suited to Miss Pons vocal capabilities;
she still has a good upper-middle register, even though her low notes
(especially in "Vocalise") are often unclear, and high notes are occa-
sionally shrill.
Miss Pons is perhaps best known for her singing of the "Bell Song"
from Lakme, and she retains much of the style of her earlier presenta-
tions. To an ear long familiar with her recordings of the "Bell Song,"
there is still a great deal to admire here.
Franck's ubiquitous Symphony in D minor seemed somehow longer
and drearier than ever, even though Dr. Ormandy gave it an admirable
performance. The superb string and brass tone of the orchestra wert
never more evident. But even Pierre Monteux cannot bring new life tc
the old D minor after the fifteenth hearing.
An encore, Kent Kennen's "Night Soliloquy" presented the orchestra
virtuoso, William Kincaid, in a strangely effective bit of dialog for solo
flute and orchestra.
IT SEEMS again that the principal failing of the May Festival is
the programming. The emphasis is strongly shifted to the soloists, the
performers, the names of the artists, and the musical content suffers
accordingly. In the past, May Festival programs have featured some of
the most significant music of current and past periods. It was difficult
to get excited about the music of the program last evening, aside from
the opportunity to hear this new work by Schuman.
- David Kessel
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN.

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4

Hungarian Debt Remains Unpaid

By THOMAS TURNER
Daily Staff Writer
STUDENT Government Council's
action Wednesday night, in re-
vising its administration of elec-
tions, seemed to typify student
legislation: well-conceived but ill-
executed. In this case, however, it
seems likely the 'results will be
beneficial.
Specifically, Jo Hardee's Election
Evaluation Committee presented a
series of recommendations on
changing the elections setup. As
these were presented, it turned out
that one after another depended
on a succeeding motion. Several
tablings were needed,
And President Maynard Gold-
man was caught in the vicious
circle of parliamentary procedure
to the point of offering two apolo-
gies to council members.
Miss Hardee's first motion asked
elimination of the 350 signatures
now required on petitions for
candidates. She listed two pur-
poses behind the requirement:
testing a candidate's sincerity and
exposing a candidate to the elec-
torate. She pointed out the "Ted
Bomb" affair and the fact resi-
dence hall rules prohibit door to
door solicitation as facts belying
these purposes.
* *
DEBATE on the measure con-
tinued some time, Council mem-
bers disagreeing as to whether
petitioning would increase or de-
crease SGC's prestige, whether or
not petitioning deterred insincere
candidates, whether collecting sig-
natures did or did not take a great

deal of time, whether or not the
questions petitioners are asked
have any value. Then acting Daily
Editor Richard Taub moved to
table the signatures motion, recog-
nizing that the debate was center-
ing on the value of an alternate
course of action. The motion was
tabled.
Miss Hardee's next motion called
for a compulsory candidate orien-
tation program. It was swiftly ap-
proved.
The third motion dealt with
making Elections Director a one-
year post with the status of stand-
ing committee chairman. Scott
Chrysler pointed out wryly the
Director might be "real disgusted"
the second time. Burt Getz replied
that one-year tenure and higher
status would make the position
more desirable. The motion carried.
* * *
GOLDMAN saw a similar tabling
coming up if a seating procedure
motion were presented before a
motion proposing a Credentials
and Rules Committee. Miss Har-
dee moved to establish such a
committee, consisting of three
Council members not up for re-
election as members. Taub moved
to amend, putting all elected mem-
bers not running for re-election on
the committee and removing the
ex-officios to keep the size down.
He explained that appointing three
members might cause "embarrass-
ment and friction" since although
the members appointed to the
credentials group couldn't be up
for election 'yet those appointing
them could.
The Council then passed the

Credentials and Rules Committee
motion and went on to consider
the powers such a group would
have.
The first provision, that the
committee be able to establish per-
manent election rules, was turned
down. The second, that the group
be empowered to delegate author-
ity, would, said Goldman, approxi-
mate present conditions. It too
passed with little debate.
THE THIRD provision concerned
would give the committee "author-
ity to recommend to Student Gov-
ernment Council that it disqualify
a candidate who has committed
an act against the election rules."
Chrysler'stattempted amendment
to substitute Joinit Judic as the
body receiving the recommenda-
tion was ruled out of order. Sub-
sequent votes gave the rules com-
mittee the right to determine eli-
gibility of candidates beyond
grade-point and to establish its
own rules of procedure.
The council then turned to vote
on the rules committee motion as
a whole and Goldman discovered
that in voting on each part "ad
seriatum" they had passed it all.
The seating procedure motion
passed and the motion to strike
the petition requirement failed.
Then the Council went on to con-
sider the Campaigning Committee
Report, which contained no rec-
ommendations. A great deal of
time had been spent, but as one
Council member pointed out, SGC
has taken added responsibility for
handling its own affairs.

A BOUT EIGHTEEN months ago, the citizens
of Hungary gave the Western world a lesson
in courage-a lesson which that world promptly
forgot. But, as penance, for forgetting, the West
effusively, almost over-generously, gave aid to
those persons who were able to leave Hungary
after their bid for freedom was ended.
In the United States, President Dwight D.
Eisenhower called for generous public support
of a Red Cross drive to aid Hungarians on
November 29, 1956. On December 15, the Presi-
dent donated four million dollars from his
emergency fund for refugee relief. Vice-Presi-
dent Richard M. Nixon made a tour of the
Hungarian relief camps in Austria.
Nor was the University lacking in generosity.
On November 28, 1956, the Faculty Senate urged
faculty members to contribute to the relief
fund. Three weeks later, the University offered
two tuition grants to refugee students; Two
Protestant churches, a landlady, and the
four large student housing groups were con-
tributing to support such students. Just after
that Christmas vacation, the University ap-
proved four English Language Institute grants
and eight scholarships for the fall semester.
Hillel and the Newman Club offered help.
Before first semester final examinations, the
University offered 24 ELI grants.
But a year is a long time, and memories are
short. The United Nations report on Hungary
has been consigned to outer darkness as the
West considers a Summit meeting.with attend-

ant civilities toward the men of blood who deci-
mated Hungary. It's been over a year now; it's
all water under the bridge. Let's negotiate a
little to ease tensions, and never mind the
troops in Budapest.
AT THE UNIVERSITY, memories are short
too. For on April 23, 1958, a Hungarian refu-
gee at the University said he has been told he
would be given no more tuition money-the
Hungarian fund is empty.
Now the University certainly cannot go on
forever supporting the Hungarians it admitted
last year. Besides, the University budget has
just been cut to a level far less than it hoped,
or expected. But it is fair to question whether
the University, like the rest of world, no longer
has a contribution to make to men who knew
how to fight for the truth and for freedom.'
THE SITUATION recalls that when Czecho-
slovakia fell to the Communists in 1948: the
refugees from Gottwald were wined and dined
royally for a year; by 1950 they were forgotten,
and lucky to have jobs, let alone charity.
Immediately after Hungary, a Czech student
predicted rather cynically that the West's gen-
erosity would last about a year, and then the
whole affair would be forgotten, and the refu-
gees so magnificently treated on arrival would
be so many more international students, with
no special message to the world. It is discour-
agining to see how right he is turning out to be.
-JOHN WEICHER

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
FRIDAY, MAY 2, 1958
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 151
General Notices
Students who expect to receive edu-
catio nand training 'allowance under
Public Law 550 (Korea G.I. Bill) or
Public Law 634 (Orphans' Bill) must
fill in Monthly Certification for the
Veterans Administration in the Office
of veterans' Affairs, 555 Admin. Bldg.,
between 8:30 a.m. apd 3:30 p.m. by
Tues., May 6.
Inter-faith Awards for meritorious
work in promoting a better under-
standing among different religious
faiths will be presented at 4:00 p.m.,
Fri., May 2, at the Lane Hall Library.
All students are invited to attend.
Women's Hours: women students
will have 1:30 a.m. permission on Sat.
night, May 3.
Summary, minutes of Student Gov-
ernment Council, April 30, 1958 .... ..
Approved minutes of previous meet-
ing.
Approved appointments as follows:
M-Handbook Committee: Bert Getz,
Mort Wise.
Michigan Region NSA Executive Com-
mittee: Sue Rockne, Larry Solomon.
Finance Committee: Mort Wise, Scott

4

BATISTA VICTORY UNCERTAIN:
Cuban Rebel Leader Castro Determined To Wmin

Chrysler, John Gerber, Fred Merrill,
Jo Hardee.
Forum: Barry Shapiro,-Lois Wurster,
Dick Taub.
Standing Committees: Student Acti-
vities Committee, Phil Zook, Chairman;
Fred Merrill, Associate Chairman; Pub-
lic Relations, Ronald Bassey, Chair.
man; David Kessel, Associate Chair-
man; Education and Student Welfare,
Ron Gregg, Chairman; Lois Wurster,
Associate Chairman; National and In-
ternational, Carol Holland, Chairman;
Roger Seasonwein, Associate Chairman.
Received reports on Cinema Guild,
Campaigning Committee.
Granted recognition : School of Nurs-
ing Choir - Michigan Flyers, Inc.; This
action was taken with cognizance of
the special circumstances providing for
temporary holding of office by a fac-
ulty nember when no student quali-
fies, and for extending the vote to Uni.
verslty faculty or staff members.
Approved: May 10, Arab Club pro-
gram, Lane Hall.
Took the following action on recoin.
men dations from the Election Evalua-
tion Committee:
Defeated a motion calling for elim-
ination of 350 signatures as a re-
quirement for candidacy for Stu-
dent Government Council.
Approved a longer period of com-
pulsory candidate orientation.
Established the position of Election
Director as a one-year position en-
joying the status of the chairman of
the four standing committees.
Established a Credentials and Rules
Committee whose actions shall be
subject to SGC approval to be com-
posed of elected Council members
who are not standing for election.
The duties to include 1) responsi-
bility for enforcement of election
rules, 2) to recommend to SGC that
it disqualify a candidate who has
committed an act against the elec-
tion rules 3) determine eligibility of
candidates beyond the requirement
of academic eligibility 4) certify the
election of SGC candidates.
Established a procedure for seating
newly elected Council members.
Approved motions 1) that Student
Government Council recommend that
the definition of student quarters in
the University regulation concerning
possession of alcoholic beverages be
changed to exclude private rooms,
apartments and homes of students 21
years and over.n2) that SGC direct this
recommendation to the Joint Judiciary
Council and express its desire to have
a representative present when JJS dis-
cusses possible modifications of this
rule with University Administrative Of-
ficials.
Defeated a motion calling for the es-
tablishment of a committee to compile
Cinema Guild policies to date and pre-
sent this data to SGC together with
any recommendations c o n c e r n i n g
changes in Guild policy which it may
deem necessary.
Lectures
Psychiatry and Religion" will be the
topic of discussion presented by Dr.
Waldo Bird, Assoc. Prof. of Psychiatry,
at 4:30 p.m., Fri., May 2, at the Coffee
Hour of the Office of Religious Affairs,
Lane Hall.
Sixty-eighth Annual Northern Ora-
torical League contest will be held at
8:00 p.m. Fri., May 2, Aud. A, Angell
Hall. Louis Susman, '59, will represent
the Univ. of Mich. Other speakers will
be from the State Univ. of Iowa, Univ.
of Minn. Northwestern Univ., Western
Reserve Univ. and Univ. of W.isc. Open
to the public with no admission charge.
Student-Faculty Debate: "Can Social
Work Escape Middle-Class values?"
Faculty: Professors Freud and Meyer;
Students: Chris Jacobson and Joe Hef-
fernan. Mon., May 5, at 7:30 p.m., Rm.
4065, Frieze Bldg. Sponsored by the
student.-faculty committee, school of

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INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Americans in Asia

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
ALL THE UNDERDEVELOPED countries are
familiar with the soldiers of fortune who go
around fighting in revolutions, whether through
altruism or to pick up a fast buck. Sooner or
later they begin to embarrass their native
countries, which have little or no control over
them.
Now, because an unproved charge has been
made that Americans are aiding the Indonesian
rebels, President Dwight D. Eisenhower feels
constrained to reassure the Jakarta central
government of this country's neutrality.
THIS REASSURANCE goes, however, to a
government of which the United States is
not at all sure.
Indeed, the charge itself seems to have been

THE JAKARTA government realizes, however,
that acceptance of Communist aid can only
increase the Western belief that it leans toward
the Reds in the cold war. Not only has President
Sukarno accepted arms aid, but he has been
playing footsie with the local Communists for
a long time.
This might be accepted in the West, as the
Sukarno forces would like to have it accepted,
as a local political maneuver. It is designed,
they say, to bridge an unstable period. This
period was produced by the revolt against Dutch
economic interests before they could be replaced
by Indonesian economic interests.
FOR MORE than a year, however, since Presi-
dent Sukarno's visit to the United States,
the Soviet Union and Red China, he has taken
the line that he must follow the course of the

(EDITOR'S NOTE: The writer of
the following article, along with
Daily Editorial Director James Els-
man, Jr., spent nearly a week in Cuba
during Spring vacation.)
By BARTON HUTHWAITE
Daily Staff Writer
MEAGER REPORTS from for-
eign correspondents covering
strife-torn Cuba foretold an early
end to rebel leader Fidel Castro's
"movimiento del 26 de julio."
The bearded, 31-year-old insur-
gent was given only several weeks
before he and his approximately
1,000 "freedom fighters" would be
either killed or captured.
Recent dispatches from Santi-
ago de Cuba, the rebel hotspot,
and now-quiet Havana supported
their glum predictions.
Castro's "total war" of two
weeks ago fizzled miserably.
FRANTIC pleas broadcast over
Havana's largest television station
for a general strike failed to per-
suade workers to leave their jobs.
Planted bombs failed to explode,
smuggled arms shipmenst failed
to arrive on time - or not at all
- and insurgent fighters dis-
played only weak resistance to
Cuban President Fulgencio Ba-
tista's organized soldiers.
But in spite of his miserable
showing, Castro continues to fight

to his aid. Castro's cause is the
cause of the thousands of students
awakened to the gross injustices
of the Batista regime, who have
fought for him.
Castro's followers number con-
siderably more than the motley
band of soldiers fighting at his
side. His support comes mainly
from the middle-class of the Cu-
ban socio-economic society.
Batista finds support in the
lower-class Cubans. The peddler
on the street, the peasant farmer
and the soldier blindly follow the
dictator Batista and for good rea-
son.

The beloved "presidente" gives
the peddler business by bringing
thousands of American tourists to
the island to spend their money
on hand-made trinkets. The peas-
ant, largely oblivious to the poli-
tical ideologies sweeping across
the country, has no interest ex-
cept in the current sugar prices
and the comfort of his thatched
hut.
- * * *
THIS LEAVES the last and
strongest of Batista's followers--
the soldier. The Cuban soldier is
not at all like his American coun-
terpart. Uneducated and indiffer-
ent, he blindly joins his idol's
ranks for $35 a month and the
priviledges that come with being
in uniform.
He is indoctrinated with the at-
titude that the revolutionaries are
evil; and pose a threat to the lov-
ing attention they and other loyal
followers receive from Batista. He
is told Batista and only Batista is
right.
A sign on a captain's desk in
Santiago de Cuba's Cuartel Mon-
cada fortressemphasizestheir
loyalty. It declares, "Yesterday
you were with Batista; Today you
are with Batista and Tomorrow
you WILL be with Batista.
Castro cannot hope to sway the

cy and Fidel Castro will come
when the uneducated masses
awaken to the gross injustices of
their present dictator.
But Fidel Castro is not a man
to give up the military battle so
easily. In every major city, he has
contacts and sympathizers await-
ing the word to strike major gov-
ernment positions.
* * C
MONETARY contributions con-
tinue to pour in from all parts of
the island and the United States.
The money is handed from one
sympathizer to the next until it
eventually reaches Castro's pur-
chasing sources in the United
States.
One Cuban University student,
her identity anonymous, described
the process this way. "I would col-
lect money from ten of my
friends," she said. "It would then
be passed to a contact ... I didn't
even know his name. He would
hand it along the line until it
reached New York."
Once for nationalization of
Cuba's U.S.-owned power and
telephone companies, Castro now
advocates amplified social securi-
ty, along with speeded-up indus-
trialization, to fight the chronic
joblessness.
The handful of communists
within his ranks have little or no

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