See Page 4
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXVIII No.,150
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MAY 1,1958
Passed by SGC
Recommendation To Be Forwarded
To Joint Judiciary for Discussion
By THOMAS TURNER
Student Government Council voted last night to recommend that
drinking be permitted in the private rooms, apartments and homes
i of students 21 years and older.
The Council voted to give the recommendation to Joint Judic
I land to ask to have representative sitting in on talks between the Ju-
diciary and the administration on changes in, drinking rules.
The drinking regulation was contained in a committee report
-# presented by David Kessel, Grad., which suggested two channels for
presenting the recommendation to
Russel Ta k1
By PHILIP MUNCK
Prof. Verner W. Crane, of the
history department discussed,
Benjamin Franklin's "plan for
America" at the annual Henry
Russel Lecture yesterday,
Prof. Oleg Orabar of the fine
arts department was named the
1958-59 Henry Russel lecturer at
the same lecture.
The Henry Russel Lecture'
award is the University's highest
Alternate Way Defeated
The alternate way of presenting
the recommendation, talking to
the Paculty Committee on Stu-
deit Conduct, was defeated when
the former was passed, Council
President Maynard Goldman, '59,,
In other action, the Council es-
tablished a Credentials and Rules
Committee with the authority to
recommend to SGC that it dis-
qualify Council candidates who
violate election rules. Normally,
power to disqualify candidates
has rested with Judiciary Council,
SGC. President Maynard Gold-
man said, and the motion would
not take effect until the Joint Ju-
dic constitutionsis changed.
Orientation Program Formed
Hearing tle report of the Elec-
tion Evaluation Cmmittee, the
Council set up a compulsory orien-
tation program for candidates and
gave the post of Elections Direc-
tor one-year tenure and status
eqial to SGC's four standing com-
The Credentials and Rules Com-
mittee, newly set up, is to be com-
posed of all Council members n1ot
running .for re-election. It is em-
powered to direct responsibility
for enforcement of election rules,
delegating this power to the Elec-
tions Committee and branches
thereof if so desired.
This Credentials and Rules
Committee can recommend to
SGC that a candidate be disquali-
fied and can determine eligibility
of candidates beyond the Univer-
sity rule that candidates cannot be
on, academic probation.
The group was likewise empow-
ered to-certify the election of can-
didates and to draw up its own
rules of procedure.
A motion giving the Credentials
and Rules Coimittee power to
establish election rules was de-
the requirement of 350 signatures.
WASHINGTON (A) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
called for a national defense poli-
cy of "safety with solvency"
through enactment of his Defense
Department reorganization plan.
The President made a surprise
appearance, at the final dinner of
the annual meeting of the United
States Chamber of Commerce to
tell the 3,000 businessmen their
support for his program was a
"tremendous service to the coun-
The only thing we know about
wars is that they always occur in
a way that is not expected," the
Eisenhower told the chamber,
which earlier in the day had vot-
ed unanimously for a resolution
backing his reorganization pro-
"I want to see America's de-
fensive shield as strong as a single.
American heart and mind can
make it, so that we need not have
in our minds a single fear of
whatever may befall.
"That is not to be obtained by
piling up weapons, by piling up
fortresses and walls, or by piling
up missiles. -
"It is attained by a free econo-
my which . . . is the cornerstone
of our military security. When we
speak of our defensive strength,
we are talking also about the
strength of the economy.
Petitions for this year's Student
Activities Scholarships are now
available in the scholarship divi-
sion of the Office of Student Af-
fairs in the Student Activities
Students having at least a 2.5
point academic average and
whose financial need may pre-
vent their future participation in
activities are eligible for the
The awards will be made on the
basis of need and the contribution
of the student to activities, ac-
cording to Conkey. Petitions are
due at 5 p.m. Wednesday in the
O ' *?
Report at U'
(Editor's Note: The following is the
complete text of the University Cal-
endar study Committee's preliminary
The University Calendar Study
Committee, when it was estab-
lished in January, was asked:
1) to study calendar trends, in
Michigan and throughout the
academic activity has priority,
2) to devise a calendar in which
3) to examine seriously the pos-
sibility of devising a calendar
which makes effective use of the
physical facilities of the Univer-
sity throughout the calendar year.
As a result of its activity in
the pursuance of these objectives,
the Committee has arrived at cer-
Lain tentative opinions and rec-
ommendations. - Before preparing
the final report, the Committee
wishes to present these to the
It is requested, If certain indi-
viduals or groups feel that these
tentative recommendations are
not the proper ones, they will ex-
press their convictions to the
Committee in oral or written form
so that all points of view will be
considered in the formulation of
the decisions which will appear in
the final report.
It is the opinion of the Commit-
tee that the adoption of any such
diate future would be premature
plan at Michigan for the imme-
since necessary modifications in
various activities covered by our
present calendar must first be
The Committee does .recom-
mend that successive adjustments
should be made during the first
part of the next decade so that
tfe University may be in a posi-
tion to operate on a full year ba-
sis, if the situation demands it, by
1964. It is our opinion too that
these changes, recommended be-
low will result in an improved cal-
endar during the intervening
The Committee recommends
that the University continue to
operate on a two semester system
prior to the time of full year op-
eration. Though the quarter sys-
tem has certain advantages and
there are advocates of it on this
campus, it is the opinion of this
committee that, if it is necessary
to operate on a full year basis,
some variation of a so-called tri-
mester system (three terms of 16
weeks of work exclusive of orien-
tation and registration) is pre-
ferred by the Committee and by
the majority of the faculty to the
See COMMITTEE, page 2
... arrives for May Festival
O pens Today
Lily Pons and the Philadelphia
Orchestra will open Ann Arbor's
Sixty-fifth Annual May Festival
at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill Aud.
The Orchestra, conducted by
Eugene Ormandy, will begin the
evening's program with "Creden-
dum" ("Article of Faith"), in three
The orchestral work, the first to
be commissioned by the Federal
Government, was composed by
William Schuman in 1955 for the
United States National Commis-
sion of UNESCO.
Miss Pons will sing "Quelle joie!
Quel bonheur!" and "Aver de la
tendresse" from Wolfgang Mo-
zart's "L'Enlevement au Serail,"
and also "Lo! Here the Gentle
Lark" composed by Sir Henry
Miss Pons, the leading colora-
tura soprano of the great opera
houses of the world, has filled lead
roles in such operas as "Lucia di
Lammermoor," ,"La Traviata,"
"Mignon," "Rigoletto" and "The
Barber of Seville."
The,Philadelphia Orchestra has
appeared at the May Festival in
Ann Arbor, playing all six con-
certs in the series, since 1936.
Bill Dove, '59BusAd, of Phi
Delta Theta was elected president
and chairman of the board of the
Fraternity Buyers Association at
a meeting of the Steward's Coun-
cil last night.
Jon Hall, '59, of Alpha Sigma
Phi was elected secretary of the
group, while Gary -DeLoff, '60E,
Dave Metzner, '60, Stan Rosen-
tuist ,'59BusAd, and Harold Ros-
enson, '60, were elected to the
board of directors.
Propose Senate Bill
To Limit High Court
WASHINGTON (RP)-A bill to curb the power of the Supreme
Court and undo the effects of some of its decisions in subversion cases
was approved 10-5 by the Senate Judiciary Committee Wednesday.
Sen. T. C. Hennings Jr. (D-Mo.) called the bill "an unvarnished
attempt to intimidate the nine Supreme Court justices." He said he
would fight it every step of the way on the Senate floor.
But Sen. Olin D. Johnston (D-S.C.) praised the committee's vote
as a genuine victory for states rights."
It would strip the Supreme Court of its authority to review cases
involving state regulations governing the admission of lawyers to
practice in state courts. Sen. Everett Dirksen (R-Ill.) said there was
general agreement on the three "
other sections of the bill "because t a m t y e i
they are amendatory to existing *J .I~~
law." SJ Elects
One section would restore the
power of states to pass and en-"
force their own laws against sub- Committees
version or sedition. The Supreme
Court has held that states have Appointments to eight commit-
no right to prosecute people for Appointmentseto eih Somden-
subersontees were made by y the Student
Another section would toughen Government Council at yesterday's
Anoter ecton wuldtouhenmeeting. -
up the Smith Act to overcome a Members of the following special
Supreme Court decision that per-cMmbes o eeoingecial
sons cannot be prosecuted for ad- committees were appointed for
vocating the forcible overthrow of one-year terms.
thegovrnmnt nles te avo- Chairman of the forum com-
the governmen unes teavo mittee Is Union President Barry
cacy is linked to some positive, ac- mttei no rsdn ar
tion. The change would make Shapiro, '59. Other appointees to
advocacy itself a felony. this committee .are Daily Editor
The third section would deny Richard Taub, '59, and Lois Wur-
any federal court authority to re- ster, I
view the pertinency of questions Appointed to the regional execu-
asked in congressional investiga- tive committee of the National
tions of subversive activity. This Student Association were Sue
would strengthen the power of Rockne, '60, and Larry Solomon,
Congress to punish witnesses held m61.
to be n conempt.New..members of the M-Hand-
to be in contempt, book committee are Bert Getz,
'59BAd, and Mort Wise, '59, SGC
S S cLentists Treasurer.
Anninfments to tho frne
PROF. VERNER CRANE
1957-58 Russel lecturer
recognition of research and aca-
demic excellence in a faculty
Eiren though the climate of
English opinion, the constitution-
al setting and the attitudes of the,
American revolution have passed,
Prof. Crane said in the annual
lecture, the "Franklinian prin-
ciples" have been preserved into
During his earlier days, Prof.
Crane said, Franklin was com-
mitted to "a conception of Amer-
ica as an expanding society of
farmers and destiny, which in-
spired his Anglo-American im-
perialism" and his later "conver-
sion to a mature doctrine of em-
pire, in 1766, and eventually to In-
At first, he continued, Frank-
lin sought to heal differences be-,
tween the colonies and the moth-
er country and to see America as
an equal member- in the British
"Throughout the Revolution to
its culmination in 1787; Franklin
remained in some sense an im-
perialist," he added. His confident
democratic nationalism was ob-
viously an evolution from his ear-
liest social ideas and from his per-
sistent commitment to intercolo-
From Alumni - -
Michigan State University grad-
uates have been asked to reduce
part of the one-million-dollar
budget cut voted by the Legisla-
ture for 1958-59 through personal
President John A. Hannah, a
1923 graduate, has written a
"Dear Fellow Alumnus" letter
"annealing to alumni everywhere
FUTURE LOOKS GOOD:f
Discussion of' Tax Cut
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Secretary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks told.
the United States Chamber of Commerce convention yesterday the
administration is continually discussing the question of a tax cut but
has reached no decision.
On the general question of what is happening now, he and Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower sounded much alike.
"Long range, the future looks good," Weeks said. "I believe
the economy is leveling out and we will see a pickup by late summer
Profs. Leo Goldberg and Robert'
R. McMath, both of the astrono-
my department, have, been elected
to membership in the National
Academy of Sciences and Prof.
Thomas Francis, Jr., of the medi-
cal school was named to become
a member of the governing coun-
cil of the organization.
Election to the group of scien-
tists who have made "outstand-
ing original contributions to the
natural sciences" was awarded to
thirty new m e m b e r s from
throughout the United States.
The honor is regarded as one
of the highest honors an Ameri-
can scientist can attain..
Prof. Francis, evaluator of the
Salk polio vaccine, has been a
member of the council since 1948
and will begin his three-year
term in July.
Prof. McMath is director of the
McMath-Hulbert Observatory near
Pontiac. Prof. Goldberg is chair-
man, of the Astronomy Depart-I
ment and director of the Univer-
or early fall."
President Eisenhower told his
Well, now, we are on the highroad
is very continued and emphatic"
evidence that the decline is flat-
Meanwhile, a University econo-
mist told the Senate-House Joint
Economic Committee's Subcom-
mittee on Fiscal Policy that Con-
gress should reduce taxes quickly,
giving Personal income tax cuts
Prof. Richard Musgrave of the
economics department noted "if
tax rats are cut promptly now,
and the general economic decline
is stopped, it may well be that
some renewed increase in rates
will be in order before the end of
fiscal year 1959."
Another University economist.
told a United States Senate Sub-
committee yesterday the current
recession is not due to decline in
consumer desires and needs for
Testifying before the subcom-
mittee on Antitrust and Monopoly
of the Senate Judiciary Commit-
tee, Prof. Katona observed that
"nothing happened in 1957 which
would have stimulated people's
ppiU~l~ltau Le a e11un
committee were Inter-Fraternity
Council President Jon Gerber, '59,4
Scott Chrysler, '59BAd, Fred Mer-
rill, '59, - and SGC Administrative
Vice-President Jo Hardee, '60.
Appointments to the following
standing committees were made1
for one year terms.
Chairman of the public yelations
committee is Ronald Bassey, '61.3
Associate chairman of the com-
mittee is David Kessel, Grad.
Carol Holland, '60, was picked asI
chairman of the national and1
international committee. Roger
Seasonwein, '61, was appointed co-
Selected for the chairmanship of
the student activities committee
was Phil Zook, '60. Merrill was ap-
pointed to the associate chairman-1
ship of the committee.
By The Associated Press
CHAMPAIGN, Ill.-The Univer-
sity of Illinois took stern discipli-
nary action Wednesday against 41
students and five university houses
as an aftermath to a campus water
fight that got out of hand.
Five students were dismissed im-
Fourteen others will be dropped
at the close of the present term.
Dismissals against another 14 were
voted and suspended.
Three campus houses were placed
on social probation and two others
Fred N. Turner, student dean,
said the actions were a result of
an April 17 campus spree which in
its final stages involved about 4,000
Some minor property damage
* . *
charged Wednesday that United
States soldiers of fortune are flying
bombing missions in a stepped up
rebel air war in eastern Indonesia.
The charge came from Premier
Djuanda as the rebel radio on
North Celebes claimed that rebel
planes bombed and sunk a Soviet-
supplied ship carrying troops
across the Straits of Makassar to
Other Changes Asked
By LANE VANDERSLICE
The University Calendar Study ,
Committee proposed yesterday the
possible adoption of a three semes-
ter system, one week examination
periods and an advance regstra-
tion program, among other changes
in the present University calendar.
The tentative report by the com-
mittee was released yesterday to
enable interested students and
faculty to express their views to
the committee, according to Uni-
versity Relations Field Services
Supervisor and Committee Secre-
tary James Shortt.
Student and faculty comments
will be incorporated into the final
recommendations to University
President Harlan Hatcher for re-
vision of the present calendar.
No Changes Next Year .
No changes will come during the
1958-59 school year as the calen-
dar has already been set for that
year, Shortt said.
Adoption of a three-semester
system was pushed into the future
because. of "necessary modifica-
tions" to the present calendar. The
report recommended adjustments
be made in the next few years so
The 1958-59 calendar appears
- today on page 2.
the three-semester system could be
adopted by 1964 if enrollment con-
ditions warrant it.
The committee said a one-week
examination period should be
"strongly considered" for adoption
in the present two-semester sys-
tem. It would be necessary under
a three-semester system, the com-
Includes Advance Registration
The advance registration pro-
gram would take place in a period
before the final exams of the.
Other committee recommenda-
1) Possible adoption of the noon
hour and more extensive use of
Saturday mornings for class time.
2) Adoption of an advance ori-
entation program "as soon as pos-
sible." Under this proposal, most
entering students would spend two
days at the University during the
summer and would register at that
3) "Full consideration" for pre-
Christmas and early summer em-
ployment. A committee study
showed that 65 per cent of Univer-
sity students work to finance their
4) Adjustment of the present
"lame duck" session of classes
after Christmas vacation.
5) Uniform semester lengths of
15 weeks, excluding examination
and vacation periods. Under recent
calendars, semester lengths have
varied from 141/2 to 15 weeks in
6)Elimination of "dead days"
7) An earlier commencement
Contains Two-Step Adjustment
The committee said adjustment
toward a three-semester system
might be accomplished in two
steps. The first step, for the aca-
demic years 1960-61 and 1961-62,
would include an advance registra-
tion system, a longer pre-Christ-
mas vacation, a shorter interval of
time between semesters, and a
longer post-Christmas session.
If these steps were accomplish1ed
in 1962-63 and 1963-64, the fall
semester would be started about
Labor Day so a full semester could
be completed by Christmas.
news conference, "You can't say
to an advance.' I do believe there
GOV. WILLIAMS SAYS:
Foreign Students Present 'Challenge'
By SELMA SAWAYA
The presence of great numbers of foreign students in the United
States provides both an opportunity and a challenge for the student
advisors in colleges and universities, Governor G. Mennen Williams
said in an address to the National Association of Foreign Student
Advisors last night.
The opportunity is the presence of "thousands of young men and
women in the United States who will soon assume positions of great.
influence in the conduct of their countries' political, economic and.
social development," Gov. Williams said.
Opportunity to Acquire Understanding
"The challenge is to provide these future leaders with an oppor-
tunity to acquire for themselves an understanding, and appreciation of
the values, institutions and practices of the American people," he
"Our great opportunity ... is to develop a full-blown program of
'grass roots' diplomacy. It is of vital importance that foreign students
meet American families informally in a home environment," Gov.
Colleges and universities should assume the initiative in developing