- T EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1958 NIGHT EDITOR: JAMES BOW
"Ev'rybody, Now -In The Good Old Summit Time,
In The Good Old Summit Time -"
To The Edior
Frames of Reference . . .
To the Editor:
UNFORTUNATELY, Don Conlan (Letters, Feb. 8) speaks for many.
According to a recent survey, the prevailing campus attitude at
best is, "I think I'll go change the world this June if Dad will give
me the station wagon."
But even the rugged, individualistic, American "quasicapitalist"
may find at least a practical interest in brotherhood and mutual
understanding if one morning the new union of Syria and Egypt decides
to shut off a few oil lines.
How would Mr. Conlan feel if his protests and pleas were answered
In Disarmament Talks
WHAT WITH THE MAZE of conflicting views area in which the other is, ahead, each side
on disarmament being offered by Dulles, attempts to prevent an agreement which would
Stassen, and the Soviets, and with Adlai check its progress in the area in which it is
Stevenson proposing a world conference of behind. This may or may not be rational: it
respected men to formulate other views, any seems to be predicated on the assumption that
further suggestions may seem superfluous. But one can overcome the other's lead, be it in
the American and Russian proposals are taking satellites or hydrogen bombs, or nullify it if
some sort of form and may contain within only both sides stop testing. It assumes there
them the seeds of a limited agreement. is no advantage in "freezing" one's own lead in
Stassen unofficially and the Soviets officially the area in which one has gained pre-eminence.
both appear to favor separating the issue of
hydrogen testing from the question of general And both positions assume some ability to
disarmament, Stassen because he is anxious inspect, undoubtedly from some distance, the
for any sort of agreement, the Russians because experiments of the other, which is possibly
they realize the propaganda value of test sus- not justified for the testing of small nuclear
pension among the uncommitted peoples. The weapons and undoubtedly not justified for the
consrucionof space platforms or other mill-
United States seems to fear test suspension will construction of spacvaluablermserrsptherdevic-s
allow the Soviets to overcome our slim lead in tarily valuable outer space devices.
hydrogen weapons../ But there still might be advantages - for
Secretary Dulles in his press club speech, propaganda, for economy, and even for peace-
wh e sticking to an insistence on a link between in agreements to check space and nuclear test-
the issue of nuclear weapons and general dis- ing, especially if both sides approached such
armament, advocated a separate agreement on agreements with equal amounts of skepticism
control of outer space, in which the Russians and credulity. And the current impasse may
have a lead. But the Russian reply has been to be the only optimistic note on the whole dis-
link space control with the issue of general armament front, since the ideal time-if not
disarmament. the only time-for an effective agreement on
After so many years of futile negotiations and anything is when both sides have approximately
exchanges of letters, there is no question but equal amounts to gain and to lose, or, more
what there is no better way for either side to accurately, when they think they do. The
kill any idea than to insist that it only come as Russian de facto rejection of control of outer
a part of a general agreement. Modern tech- space and the American de facto rejection of
nology has provided small enough weapons of a ban on nuclear tests may eventually become
complete destruction and effective enough the basis of a "tit-for-tat" bargain linking bans
means of underground production and storage on nuclear tests and space weapons with each
to make any system of inspection-the key to other, and not with the whole hopeless question
a "foolproof agreement"-unthinkable. of total disarmament.
rpiUS WHILE EACH SIDE wants an agree- -PETER ECKSTEIN
ment to check weapons development in the Editor
Governor l Wilias opia
Refugees Revolt Again
By DREW PEARSON
FITTING THE BILL but missing the boat,
Gov. G. Mennen Williams' Sputnik Age
budget confirms previously softly voiced fears.
The course being followed is political and
practical expediency; the- hand needed to
steer the program lacks sufficiently sincere,
As the Governor said in his special message
on education delivered to this session of the
Legislature, the failure of our schools to keep
pace with Soviet achievements is "not so much
a measure of our own inadequacies but of our-
selves as a people." 'In the .more or less demo-
cratic society we live in, the actions of the
various levels of government are ultimately
based upon the feelings of the people.
At the risk of over-generalization, a some-
what pragmatic people tend to take a practical
view towards government. This attitude finds
expression when special interest groups support
measures that will directly benefit them in a
practical fashion. e.g., farm areas electing
representatives who will vote for agricultural
subsidies. An even more painful example is the
consistent rejection of school bonding programs
by voters throughout the state.
Supporting an activity for its practical merit
or neglecting it for lack of "need," seems a
common tendency. Tangibles having immediate
application are valued; intangibles without
practical, obvious uses can be ignored. As a
former Secretary of Defense said, "We don't
care why the grass is green,"
A DIRECT REFLECTION of the practical
attitude appears visible in\ the chips that fell
when the Governor hacked the University's
operating request from 37.3 million dollars to
31.5' million dollars. A clear revelation is the
inclusion of almost purely scientific buildings
in his plans for the bonding of new, University
After all, as one legislator said last spring
when another futile attempt was made to
replace the archaic relic on Maynard St. with
a new Music School Building, "Who needs
Perhaps when the Democratic governor and
the Republican Legislature cannot harmonize
for the best interests of the people in the
state, the residents of Lansing do.
Admittedly, the governor and the state of
Michigan are in a difficult position. The state
cannot collect enough money, under its present
tax structure, to meet its growing needs and
PETER ECKSTEIN, Editor
JAMES ELSMAN, JR. VERNON NAHRGANG
Editorial Director City Editor
DONNA HANSON ................ Personnel Director
CAROL PRINS ..... ..Magazine Editor
EDWARD GERULDSEN .. Associate Editorial Director
WILLIAM HANEY ..................Features Editor
ROSE PERLBERG..................Activities Editor
DIANE FRASER..............Assoc. Activities Editor
THOMAS BLUES . ......Assoc. Personnel Director
JAMES BAAD .. .... ............._. Sports Editor
BRUCE BENNETT ............ Associate Sports Editor
JOHN HILLYER ............ Associate Sports Editor
BRUCE BAILEY ................ Chief Photographer
the governor cannot command enough votes
in the Republican-dominated Legislature to
support his proposals for solution to the fiscal
To be sure, he has not been lacking of solu-
tions. His intangibles tax and bonding pro-
posals represented at least temporary meth-
ods of easing another perennial crisis. Even
more important, he seems honestly aware of
the needs of education in the state.
UNFORTUNATELY, in tailoring his program
and budget to what he thinks 4he Legisla-
ture will accept, he shows a greater awareness
of political expediency.
From the first announcement of his financial
plans at the beginning of the year, to the
proposal of financing only Sputnik-oriented
construction projects at the University, he re-
veals an effort to fit his plans to the bill he
thinks the Legislature might be willing to
All this is undeniably practical, but it misses
the boat of leadership. A governor aware of the
state's long term needs, appreciative of the
need for intangible liberal arts concepts that
may not be immediately practical, but provide
the deep base for any knowledge, and sensitive
to shifts in public attitude that can be scared
too far in one direction, should not only outline
his beliefs in a 16-page report to legislators. He
should support, explain and fight for the needs.
It is unfortunate that Gov. Williams, the only
five-term governor in the state's history, seems
content to follow a path of political practic-
ability and do little more than reflect the
people's and Legislator's attitudes.
Following attitudes rather than leading them
may help retain popularity, but it does not
reveal statesmanship. Whether the governor
is willing to perhaps sacrifice the first for the
second may be a question upon which depends
the ultimate success of Michigan's educational
Where Do Collegians
Turn for Ideas?
AFTER THE APPEARANCE of Norman
Thomas on campus Friday night, one must
conclude that this institution has more justifi-
cation for calling itself a University-a market
place for all honest ideas.
As one sat in Rackham, observing a couple
hundred students reading copies of "The Young
Socialist" (distributed-unbeknownst to Thom-
as-by another sect of American socialists, ap-
parently to the left of Thomas) while they
waited for the lecture to begin, one could
hardly contain a chuckle and a thought, "If
only the Regents, the Detroit papers, the legis-
lators and the taxpayers could see us now."
But had our watch-dogs been at Rackham, they
could have seen that Socialism or Communism
has nothing to offer today's college generation;
we did read "The Young Socialist," but then
we criticized its ideas, laughed at them and
threw the paper away. What we want today is
peace and freedom and state socialism only
ON TOP OF the Venezuelan re-
vote against a dictator, it's
learned that a group of Hungarian
refugees revolted against another
dictator - Generalissimo Raphael
Trujillo of the Dominican Repub-
Last year, Trujillo made a dra-
matic gesture to Hungarian refu-
gees by offering to settle them in
the Dominican Republic. Between
six and seven hundred acceptedr
his invitation, but were given al-r
most nothing to do and a mos-
quito-infested area near the
Haitian border to be idle in.
Finally they rebelled, and 10 of
them were thrown in jail. The
balance then stormed the jail and
released their leaders. The Domin-
ican Army then attacked.
However, the Hungarians, using
sticks and stones, the same wea-
pons they used against Russian
tanks in Budapest, counterat-
tacked. And the Dominican Army,
put in the embarrassing position
of firing against unarmed refu-
After the fracas, about half the
Hungarians decided they pre-
ferred the dictatorship of Khrush-
chev back in Hungary to the dic-
tatorship of Trujillo in the Carib-
bean.rThey went back to Hungary.
AN UNTOLD story of how two
congressmen, supposed to protect
little business, threw their weight
for big business is revealed in the
secret files of the House Small
Strangely enough, the hatchet-
work was performed by congress-
men from predominantly li"tle-
business districts, Republican
Craig Hosmer of California and
Democrat Abe Multer of New
York. These two, aided by Repub-
lican William McCulloch of Ohio,'
used every trick in the book to
stymie the committee's question-
ing of Ralph Ablon, president of
Luria Brothers, colossus of the
Their efforts were so effective
that Chairman Wright Patman of
Texas angrily demanded of Hos-
mer: "Do you want to hear the
testimony or not?"
Though the committee files
were loaded with evidence that
small competitors were being
driven to the wall by Luria's con-
trol of scrap steel, Hosmer and
Multer insisted that the commit-
tee probe was out of order because
the Federal Trade Commission al-
ready was investigating Luria on
Hosmer even tried to argue that
the Supreme Court was against
congressional investigations, a
"I think Mr. Hosmer is right,"
chimed in Multer. "I am against
conducting investigations solely
for the purpose of exposure, or
solely for the purpose of making
a record that will make somebody
look good or bad."
THIS LEFT the committee
slightly aghast, since the main
purpose of congressional investi-
gations is to make exposures.
When Democrat James Roosevelt
of California recovered from the
shock, he shot back:
"We not only have a right, we
have an obligation to go into this
matter, because it could be years
and years before the FTC comes
to any conclusion."
Finally, after Hosmer and,Mult-
er had snafued the hearing for
most of one morning by interrupt-
ing testimony, objecting to docu-
ments offered by Committee
Counsel Everette Maclntyre, and
otherwise filibustering on behalf
of Luria, Chairman Patman ex-
"Please, please let the counsel
ask the questions he is trying to
ask. Are we going to take the at-
titude that because the FTC has
these same documents, we are
not going to permit them to be in-
Suppose it is necessary for us
to bring in such documents? Let's
put everything in the confidential
record and then determine later
on what part will be made public,
Republican Walter Riehlman of
New York also was irked by the
obstructing tactics of Hosmer and
Multer. He finally threw up his
hands ,and exclaimed: "I don't
think we are getting anywhere. So
far I haven't gotten a thing. I
don't even know where we are."
Undismayed, Hosmer shot back:
"If we are going to fight the battle
of the FTC and a number of oth-
er things, we are going to be here
forever. My only point is that if
there is no adverse effect on small
business, this inquiry is unneces-
Luria President Ralph Ablon,
who was supposed to be the wit-
ness, hardly opened his mouth, so
effectively did Hosmer and Multer
yakety-yak the proceedings. After
about two hours, chairman Pat-
man finally gave up. He told Ab-
Ion to return the next day. His
testimony then will be reported in
a subsequent column.
* * *
INSIDE REASON why ambas-
sador Joln Allison was abruptly
called home from Indonesia was
because he had the courage to dis-
agree with Secretary of State
For weeks, Allison had been
bombarding the State Department
with cables urging the United
States to support the Indonesians
in their bitter row with the Dutch.
He advised Dulles that our cur-
rent policy of strict neutrality
is getting us nowhere-it not only
infuriates the Indonesians but al-
so the Dutch. We might as well
stand up and be counted on one
side or the other, Allison warned.
The Communists, he advised,
are taking advantage of our neu-
trality and making tremendous
inroads. Dulles flatly refused to
change his policy,.however, and fi-
nally got so irked at Allison he was
yanked home, allegedly for con-
sultation, but actually to be trans-
ferred to another job.
(Copyright 1958 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
by a glib, "The thing wrong with
don't now, and never will under-
stand our frame of reference"?
Actually, foreign students share
much of Mr. Conlan's frame of
reference. They too are interested
in material wealth and progress,
but, in addition, are unable to
ignore the fact that the world's
abundance is hardly distributed
along lines of either need or merit,
and the practical and ethical im-
plications of that fact.
As a believer in republicanism
and political compromise, I find
Mr. Conlan's views on the futility
of political discussion and the
black and whiteness of political'
issues as not only absuid, but the
kind of views which are inductive
of totalitarianism, whether bour-
geosie or so-called "communistic,"
I WONDER how soon Mr. Con-
lan might disc6ver that there are
such things as vested student in-
terests-and values'and rights to
international discussion of such-
if someone came along and in-
formed him that henceforth every-
one from Michigan would be de-
nied a right to an education be-
cause he was from Michigan, or
that conferences between students
and businessmen from other areas
on how to make this a better world
for business had been found fool-
ish and were now prohibited.
If he protested, on the other
hand, would Mr. Conlan be satis-
fied with a reply something like:
"Your giddy notions of kinship
between business and students
went out with silent Cal Coolidge
and the 10-hour day?"
* * *
BUT WHAT if Mr. Conlan is
lucky, and his ,horseblinders and
"straight road" lead him swiftly
and surely to the Cadillac at the
end of the rainbow instead of an
old city dump?
What if, after a brief "training"
(not education) that brings to his
view an egghead named Schweit-
zer, a completely meaningless poem
called "The Road Not Taken"
(Frost), and a foreign student in
the third row, all he has gained is
an "A" in the course and a good
starting salary? Isn't that all he
And in answer, the words of one
whom Mr. Conlan would call an
insane cross-bearer come to my
mind. It was a humble Middle
Easterner, a foreigner with a
strange frame of reference, who,
in echoing a strong theme in hu-
man thought, asked, "What shall
it profit a man if he gain the
whole world and lose his own
* * *
THIS WRITER isn't known for
his religious orthodoxy, but he
does commend that question to
himself, Mr. Conlan, and the stu-
dent community in general. It is
we, after all, who must make an-
swer to Mr. Conlan's unwitting but
As Dr. Louis B. Wright, director
of the Shakespeare Folger Library,
recently remarked, "We invented
the term 'egghead' as a term of
contempt for any intellectual
whose conversation exceeded the
scope of the sports pages. We
adopted the bonehead as our beau
"And now we feel injured be-
cause nations who have taken our
money will not also embrace our
'culture.' We have not proved our-
selves very bright, and we shall
have a hard struggle to survive.
"There is some doubt whether
we deserve to survive"
-Ward Chapman, '60L
foreigners is that they never have,
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no editori-
al responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPE WRITfEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
Ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1958
VOL. LXVIII, No. 89
School of Public Health Assembly aid
Delta Omega Leture by m Paul Rus-
sell, scheduled for Feb. 11, have been
cancelled because of illness to the
Dr. Hyman Kublin, Professor of His-
tory, Brooklyn College, will speak on
"The Japanese Socialist Party-Present
Policies and Strength," Wed., Feb. 12,
1953, at 4:15 p.m., in the East Confer-
ence Room, Rackham Building. The
public lecture is under the sponsorship
of the Center for Japanese Studies and
the Political Science Department. The
public is invited.
Robert Mitchell, of Mitchell Models
Studio, St Joseph, Mich., will present
an illustrated lecture on "Architectural
Presentation through Scale Models."
Mo., Feb. 10 ,at 2:00 p.m. in Architec-
ture Auditorium. Sponsored by the
Department of Architecture, College of
Architecture and Design.
Prof. Luis Pericot Garcia, Professor of
Prehistory at the University of Barce-
Iona will give an illustrated lecture en-
titled "Paleolithic Painting in Spain"
on Tues., Feb. 11, in Auditorium A of
Angell Hall, at 4:15 p.m. The lecture is
sponsored jointly by the Department of
Anthropology and the Department of
University Lecture, sponsored by the
English Department. Mr. Robert Graves,
British poet, novelist, and critic, will
read, and comment on, poetry on Wed.,
Feb. 12, at 4:10 p.m. in Rackham Le-
ture Hal. All interested. persons are
invited to attend,
Sigma Xi presents Dr. Walter J. Nun-
gester, Chairman, Dept. of Bacteriology
speaking on "Tumor Immunology."
Wed., Feb. 12 a 8:00 p.m. in Rackham
Amphitheatre. efreshments will be
served. Public Invited.
U.S. SenatorstHubert Humphrey and
Thruston Morton will be presented-
Mon., Feb. 10 at 8:30 p.m. in Hill Audi-
torium as the fifth number on the Lec-
ture Course. "Do We Have A Sound
Foreign Policy" will be the subject
which they will discuss expressing di-
vergent opinions of their parties. Tick-
ets will be on sale Mon., Feb. 10, 10 am.
-8:30 p.m. in the Auditorium box office.
Burton Holmes Travelogue Ticktso n
Sale. Tickets for the series of fiv news
travelogues will be placed on sale Mon.
Feb. 10, 10 a.m. in Hill Auditorium box
office. Presented by the University Ora-
torical Association on five Thursday-
evenings at 8:30 p.m. the schedule is as
follows: Feb. 20 "Paris and the Rivi-
era"; Feb. 27, "Hawaii"; Mar. 6 "Great
Northwest"; Mar. 13 "Ireland"; Mar.
20, "Alaska." All motion pictures are in
natural color and will be narrated by
Robert Mallett and Thayer Soule.
The Baroque Trio, Nelson Hauenstein,
flute; Florian Mueller, oboe; and Mari-
lyn Mason, harpsichord, will perform
the second Ann Arbor program of the
current academic year at 8:30 p.m.
Tues., Feb. 11 in the Rackham Lecture
Hall. The concert will include Trio
Sonata in C by Johann Chrstoph Pe-
pusch; Sonata in D for Oboe and Harp-
sichord by Thomas Vincent; Trio Son-
ata in A minor by K.P.E. Bach; Sonata
in C for Flute and Harpsichord by J. S.
Bach; Sonata da ciesa a tre by Tom-
maso Albinoni. The general public will
be admitted without charge.
Organ Recital 4:15 p.m. Sun., Feb. 9,
in Hill Auditorium, by David Craighead,
Head of Organ Department, Eastman
School of Music, University of Roches-
ter. Sponsored by the School of Music,
the recital will be open to the general
public without charge. It will include
works by 'Bach, Buxtehude, Mozart;
Robert Russell Bennett, Stanley, Sower-
by and Maurice Durufle
SpecialPreviews-open to the public-
"The Unchained Goddess." The Story
of weather, color, 57 minutes (Fourth
in the Bell Telephone System Science
Series films). Mon., Feb. 10, 4:00 p.m.
Shorling Auditorium School of Educa-
tion. Tues., Feb. 11, 4:00, p.m., 4051 Ad-
ministration Building. Audio - visual
History 39 will meet henceforth i
2203 Angell Hall.
The Extension Service announces the
following classes to be held in Ann Ar-
bor beginning Tues., Feb. 11:
EFFICIENT READING I 7:00 p.m. 524
University Elementary School. 8 weeks.
$13.50. Teaching Assistant Rosemarie E.
ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND
PROCESSES LABORATORY COURSN
7:00 p.m. (Mechanical Engineering 2, 1
hour of undergraduate credit). 3313 East
Engineering Building. 16 weeks. $45.00.
Kenneth C. Ludema, Instructor.
GOVERNMENTS AND POLITICS OF
AFRICA 7:30 p.m. (Political Science
W160, 2 hours of undergraduate credit).
117 Business Administration. 16 weeks.
$2t.00 Asst. Prof. Henry L. Bretton, In-
DV Vf'IT VT IV1V V nP AnT[ TTTq AW "1'P7-1
LOOKING FOR AN ANSWER:
'Social Engineer' Dreams of World Harmony
By THOMAS HAYDEN
Daily staff Writer
EDWARD BRETZLAFF was in-
dividualism driving a Ford.
But I didn't realize that or care
much at first.
To me, a freezing hitchhiker,
he was only a lift to the next
junction. I hopped in eagerly when
he pulled his creaking conveyance
to a halt at the roadside.
As he guided the vehicle back
into traffic, .I studied my bene-
I saw an old pair of brown shoes,
white sweat socks, worn brown
slacks, and a plain blue jacket.
Perched on top of this was a
heaO '"aped vaguely like an egg:
a chin and mouth coupled with a
large forehead. His grey eyes were
startlingly clear. Covering his sil-
vering hair was a most peculiar
me what field I planned to major
He beamed broadly. "Good boy!
That's my field."
He took his hands from the
wheel and rummaged through his
jacket pockets. "Where's my card,
I wonder," he mumbled.
Not finding his "card," he again
grasped the wheel and resumed
our conversation vigorously.
"I'm kicking around a few poli-
tical ideas. . . . sort of a third-
party thing, you know."
"Oh," I replied cautiously.
"Yeah," he went pn. "We want
to do away with the political party
system as it now stands and re-
place it with a nationwide nomi-
nation and election of a Presi-
"Look in my glove compartment
for one of m gards, will you?"
And awaits our spirit, too;
For the cause that lacks assistance,
For the wrongs that need
For the future in the distance,
Also the good that we can do.
And now, My Friends, How
It was signed:
"Who's he?" I inquired.
The straw had become a scepter.
- Bretzlaff then outlined several
of his philosophies:
* * *
1) THE REPUBLICAN party
has collapsed. They won't regain
any power for years. "It's because
of that Military Man. We don't
like the military."
2) America is near the status
of a secondary power. Our, eco-
the Russians won't go along, "we
should do it unilaterally."
6) "Our aim is to live in har-
mony, in peace, with all nations."
I asked him about the present
status of the Social Engineers. He
related that they had held a re-
cent meeting at an Oxford hotel.
Only "15 or 20" attended. "We're
trying to drum up interest," Bretz-
"We want it to become a na-
tional movement by 1960." He said
Bretzlaff admitted that the term
"Social Engineer" was not original
with him. "I got it from Will
Durant a long time ago. Then I
went into farming and forgot it
WE WERE nearing my departure
point. It was too soon to leave. I
waintedto sk a thousa~nd aues-