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April 19, 1958 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1958-04-19

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M1 1d13at &ziLg
Sixty-Eighth Year
uth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
itorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the ifdividual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mus t be noted in all reprints.

Political Clubs Debate Disarmament Policy

University Drinking
Rules Hypocritical

CE THERE IS REALLY no reason why
niversity students should not be subject
e same laws as other citizens of Michigan,
is encouraging to see SGC taking action on
Irinking regulations Wednesday night.
ie regulations, which now forbid the use
luor in any student quarters, discriminate
nst 21-year-old students, who are denied
right held by other persons in the state
:ink in the confines of their own homes.
e this is not the most basic of human free-
s, it is a right that need not be denied
ge students simply on that basis.
r is it, in practice. As David Kessel said
ig SGC's discussion, "If you're quiet about
Ding in private, you can get away with it."
University, as a practical matter, is un-
to police the private rooms and apartments
I students over 21, and mhakes no attempt.
)nsequence, only people who get obnoxious
ieir neighbors "get caught."
is is as it should be, but with this practice
is no value in having the. regulation on
ooks. Why proclaim to the world that stu-
can't drink in their private quarters when
>int of fact they can? The regulation is
critical; by not enforcing it, the University
acitly admitted this to be the case.

more than this. The deans, the Joint Judi-
ciary Council, and other groups are apparently
considering ways and means of revising the
rule. This is good, but the groups have not yet
gotten together, though they have been trying
since Thanksgiving, which is not so good.
'For this reason, SGC might have been better
advised to approve Kessel's first motion, calling
for a change in the rules directly, rather than
to set up a committee which will report in two
weeks.either that it wants to change the rules
as suggested in the original motion, or that it
was unable to get anywhere. In the latter case,
two weeks wili have been lost with nothing
What the committee should accomplish, in
addition to reporting recommendations, includes
coordinating the efforts of the other groups
working on the regulation. If this can be done,
the committee will have been worthwhile.
If not, SGC should simply go ahead and ask
the faculty Committee on Student Conduct to
change the regulation. There has been too long
a delay already.

The Union's Best Laid Plan

. 0..

for the last time. The Union Board of Direc-
s Tuesday voted affirmatively on the senior
cer's motion to disbandsand discontinue the
Why did the Senate fail? It was established

devote the necessary time to bi-weekly meetings
when they !require the gathering of many opin-
ions and then formulating them into some form
of conclusions. The task is further de-glamor-
ized when the final result is merely a recom-
mendation, and not a definite action,

to furnish a sounding board of opinion to A suggestion has been advanced for the
Student Government Council and to the Union. continuance of the Senate on an "ad hoc"
It was supposed to come up with new ideas on basis. In other words, senators. could be called
campus affairs for presentation to the bodies together whenever a topic of sufficient interest
involved, and was supposed-to give male student and importance presented itself.
opinion a. place to be heard. The Senate did This is impractical and would work even
none of these effectively, less effectively than the present procedure. No
Most questions considered by the Senate had one can be expected to wait around for months
already been .considered and/or decided by at a time for a topic to come up before attend-
SGC. None)of the Senate opinions were effective ing a meeting.
in shaping legislation in any way, to the best The best way to obtain student opinion on
of our knowledge, significant topics is to hold student forums on
However, lest the picture seem completely these events whenever they arise. We suggest
dark, it should be.pointed out that the Senate that the Union establish a committee or trans-
sent suggestions to the Wolverine Club concern- form the now-defunct senate administration
ing football spirit, and recommended to the into a group that would arrange public forums
Homecoming committee several areas which of current interest. This was done during Union
could be improved. The voice of the male por- week on the campus drinking problem and was.
tion of campus, as the Senate Was supposed to extremely successful.
be, failed to materialize. The senators gave The selection of topics for this would be very
what amounted to their own views. Although , important. SGC held forums in the past on
the original concept of the Senate embodied athletic subsidization, calendaring and Sigma
the idea that the senators would gather the Kappa. Only the Sigma Kappa meeting was
opinions of their housing, units and present successful. Qbviously this is because of the
them to the Senate for consideration, in actu- people who would be interested. Sigma Kappa
ality this information-gathering was not done. affects, in a more immediate way, a great many
As a result the meetings were not truly repre- more people than either of the other two.
sentative. The above system would serve the University
The procedure of the Senate cannot be . in two ways. One, interested students would be
blamed. The meetings were well conducted and the ones who would participate and attendance
the process of dividing into individual discus- would be no problem.
sion groups and then reporting back to the In addition, the forums would give SGC or
group as a whole was efficient, whatever the administrative group involved, an
idea of significant student sentiment-inter-
NEITHER CAN THE SENATORS be held re- ested student sentiment.
sponsible for the failure. It is difficult to ,-RALPH LANGER
The U.S. and its First Ally

(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following
article and that oppositehare the first
in a series of three debates, between
spokesmen for the YD's and YR's, on
current political controesies.)
Republicans . . .
THE PRESENT negotiations for
a summit conference represent
an attempt on the part of 'the
United States and Russia to solve
our dilemma of armament versus
disarmament in the search for
peace. These negotiations are being
conducted by a Republican ad-
ministration, which is ultimately
responsible for results. This article
will attempt to point out some of
the basic assumptions under which
Republicans operate while nego-
tiating, for a conference such as
this and what the Republican Ad-
ministration is trying to achieve.
We cannot hope to explain all that
has gone on to date, but by ex-
amining some of the basic assump-
tions, we may be better able to
see why certain things have hap-
pened, and what will continue to
Probably the most basic assump-
tion of this administration is that
one cannot deal with the Russians
on their terms without conceding
IN THIS context, it will be seen
that a summit conference will not
occur unless there is some inherent
advantage to the Soviet Union or
unless we can force them into it.
At the present time, it seems that
the reason the Russians want a
summit conference is for purely
personal benefit; we aren't forc-
ing them into it in any way.
Then the inquiry must turn to
why the Russians want a summit
Russia's obvious intent is to use
the summit as a propaganda
weapon, as they did at Geneva. It
would be a conference to issue
glowing proclamations and empty
irhomises, which will in reality do
nothing to change the present
state of affairs.
A summit conference should be
designed to solve something or to
arrive at some mutually beneficial
agreements. In the view of the
present administration, this will
not occur. There is' no- doubt that
our President and those under him
have a deep desire to achieve a.
secure peace.
Yet, the question must be asked,
will a summit conference achieve
this peace? If not, and if the last
summit conference was any ex-
ample, it will'not,.then we must
ask ourselves whether it is a worth-
while or valuable venture. The
Administration is straining every
effort to see that another disaster,
like the one which took place be-
fore World War II does not occur.
: ,
LET US TAKE a close look at
one example of Republican stra-
tegy in this realm. The Russians
have now proposed to carry thru
a unilateral test ban. There are
those in the opposition who would
say that we should have done it
first. They accuse us of failure,
and credit the Russians with an-
other propaganda victory.
Notice, however, the Russians
did not propose this course until it
was directly beneficial to them.
If the report of the alleged fall-
out miscalculation within the
Soviet Union is true, it merely
means that the Reds have again
made a move purely for thier own
benefit. We are already committed
to a series of tests this summer to
develop a clean H-bomb. The Rus-
-sians have already completed their
series. Thus, we seem at a serious
* W *
BUT IF the fallout accident had
not occurred, we might never have
seen the day the Reds would uni-
laterally propose halting their
tests. The Republicans are at-
tempting to make a bilateral test

ban an integral part of a summit
meeting, if there is one. They tried
to do this, and might have suc-
ceeded except for the untimely
accident within the Soviet Union.
The attempt to give meaning to
the conference, at least as far as
the test ban goes, has now failed;
it is doubtful if this is the fault of
anyone in Washington.
The question then becomes,
where do we go from here? The
YR's of Michigan would like to.
suggest one possible course. That
is to finish up the present series of
projected tests in the Pacific, then
accept the Russian offer to stop
tests without going to the summit.
* +*
RECALLING that the purpose
of these tests is to make cleaner
bombs, we might take a truly bold
step and offer the Russians all the
information we have on how to
make clean bombs. We would then
be in a position of greater security
ourselves, since if bombs were ever
used on this country they would at
least be clean.
Furthermore, by this course of
action we would prevent the Rus-
sians from continuing their own
tests on a claim that we had con-
tinued ours.
Whatever happens in the next
few months, we may rest assured

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"We Defend Your Honor, Madame"


People-to-People Frends hip

1. .

WASHINGTON - Events which
five years ago would have
been considered unbelievable oc-
curred in Moscow and New York
this week. They illustrated the
new look in American-Russian re-
In New York, a jam-packed
crowd filled the Metropolitan Op-
era House as 1;500 waited in the
street outside to cheer the Moise-
yev Ballet. ;Russian youngsters
romped over the stage in wild,
beautiful native dances, got cur-
tain call after curtain call. The
Soviet flag hung beside the Stars
and Stripes. Tickets sold for $15
apiece, yet were unobtainable. The
opera house is sold out for a solid
three weeks.
** *
cow, a young Texan received roar-
ing plaudits from a Russian
crowd. Thousands stormedsthe
concert hall to hear Van Cliburn,
son of an oil company official,
play his way into the hearts of the
Russian people and come off with
top honors in the International
Tchaikovsky Piano Contest.
Simultaneously, in Washington,
John Foster Dulles charged that
Russia had "debauched" and
"prostituted" diplomatic machin-
ery for propaganda purposes. His
bitter words, which referred to the
Bulganin-Khhrushchev notes de-
manding a summit conference,
sent our official relations with
Russia to a new low just as our
upofficial relations with Russia on
the concert and dance stage
reached a new high.
Mr. Dulles may be so close 'to.
his own old-fashioned type of
diplomacy that he may not realize
the new modern diplomacy of
people-to-people f r i e n d s h i p is
winning victories in preventing
War. For the crowds that cheered

Van Cliburn of Kilgore, Tex., or
saw him on television, or heard
him praised in the Russian press,
would not easilydanswer a call to
fight the United States.
Ed Foley, former Undersecretary
of the Treasury, who put across
the big $100-plate dinner for Tru-
man, wrote a letter to Adlai Stev-
enson thinking him for playing
second fiddle by speaking +in the
lower room of the .Seaton Park.
Hotel while Truman spoke in the
main ballroom.
"You saved my scalp," wrote
Stevenson, who has more humor
than he has hair, wrote back: "I
saved your scalp. Then how about
giving me a piece of it. I need it
more than you."
Northerners usually associate
Mississippi with cotton, colored
people, the late rootin'-tootin'
Senator Bilbo and cigar-chewing
Sen. Jim Eastland. What north-
erners don't know is that Missis-
sippi has developed one of the
outstanding governors of the
South - J. P. Coleman, now stag-
ing a vigorous battle to prevent
the white citizens councils from
becoming o f f i c i a 1 propaganda
agents of Mississippi cities and
* *, *
has been discussing plans to raise
around $200,000, then turn it over
to the white citizens councils for
propaganda to combat integra-
tion. This would make the white
citizens councils an official arm
of the State of Mississippi.
Governor Coleman, battling the
legislature against the measure,
warned: "We are repeating step
by step the same performance
that destroyed us once before."
He pointed out that the job of
running the State of Mississippi

must be in the hands of officials
elected by the people and sub-
ject to their recall, not private
groups unanswerable to the people
and not required to account to
the government for money spent.
What Coleman fears is that the
white citizens councils will first
become official propaganda agen-
cies of the state, then be given
law-enforcement power, so that
sttae government is put in. the
hands %of a few, unelected" by the
The Governor has lost the first
round. The lower Mississippi
Legislature has passed the white
citizens council bill and the Sen-
ate has voted it out of committee
for full debate early next week.
House economists watch the time
when unemployment insurance,
money runs out with a worried
feeling in the pit of their stom-
achs . . . The veteran who has
bought a house on a meager down
payment can coast along for two
months before there's foreclosure
on his mortgage. The worker who
has bought an automobile is usu-
ally getting credit extension from
his auto dealer. But the time lim-
it can't be extended forever, and
when the foreclosures begin to
pile up on veterans' mortgages and
on automobile installments, plus
refrigerator, TV sets, stoves, etc.,
bought on the installment plan-
then is when the economic advis-
ers expect trouble.
Most large manufacturers have
ample reserves; can always carry
losses back two years and carry
forward five years. The bigger re-
tailers can usually beat down the
manufacturer with 'price cuts and.
discounts. The small manufactur-
er is caught in a price squeeze.
(Copyright 1958 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

Democrats .
HE ONE SINGLE'important is-
sue that is facing the United
States and the world today is the
issue of peace and disarmament,
with the alternative of nuclear
destruction of the human race.
We face a three-fold problem in
this area:' 1) the poisoning of the
atmosphere by radiation from
tests, 2 the danger of nations
other than the big three obtaining
or developing nuclear weapons and
that some irresponsible national
leader may use such weapons in a
minor dispute which could ulti-
mately and easily destroy man-
kind and 3) the difficulty of find-
ing the quickest and most effective
means to disarmament and peace
which will prevent either or both
of the first two from occurring.
THERE HAS been extensive evi-
dence brought to the Joint Atomic
Energy Committee of Congress
which indicates the serious dan-
gers that are facing the nation
because of radioactive fallout from
nuclear bomb tests. Among. the
testimony given were many state-
ments which sharply contradicted
the AEC and the Administration.
Many other scientists from many
parts of the world have also made
statements to the effect that if
bomb tests do not 'stop soon we
will be sentencing thousands of
children in each succeeding gen-
eration to mental or 0hysical de-
but more important is the fact
that no nation or group of nations
can safely or justifiably rely on
terror of super-weapons as a legi-
timate means of defense.
There is this to consider too:
no country can exist solely out of
hate and fear, of another. This
nation or any nation can only
survive through the devotion to
the ideals of the nation. For the
past several years our foreign
policy has existed only out of re-
action to what the.Russians have
done. It is time we broke through.
this cycle of fear with a positive
program for peace.
A first concrete step Iin this
direction would be the cessation of
our nuclear test series scheduled
for this month. The "talk softly
and carry a big stick," philosophy
cannot work in a world which is
as tightly knit and drawn together
as this one is.
THE AEC has consistently main
tained that bomb tests are neces-
sary and desirable, Dr. Teller has
stated that we have nothing to
fear from radioactive fallout from
these tests. If this is so, I would
like to know why the governmet
is planning to spend billions of
dollars to develop "clean" bombs.
If either of theside involved
in the world's many highly volatile
areas were to obtain nucleaweap-
ons, then the danger of-total war
would be greatly increased to a
point of certainty.yVhile there are
still only three powers which have
nuclear and thermonuclear weap-
ons, there is still the hope for an
agreement, but when this number
increases we will have lost our
chance for a universal ban.
The leaders of this nation are.
faced with the challenge of a sum-
mit conference as a means to
peace. However, on all sides we
also hear many voices being raised
about the dangers of such a con
ference. Regardless of the dangers
involved, 'most people are aware of
the need for both sides to sit down
and talk; to try and resolve our
differences if possible.
THE RUSSIANS have said that
it is necessary to hold a summit
meeting, but that it is not nees-
sary or desirable for the main
groundwork to be settled by a pre-
liminary foreign ministers' con-
ference. On the other hand, the
United States has said that such

a preliminary conference is im-
perative for an effective summit
meeting. To this I would assent.
We have also said that certain
other issues, such as the German
question, must be settled before we
can begin to talk about peace.
By presenting such a package
deal to the USSR, we are ruining
our chances for peace. We are ask-
ing for a re-militarized Germany
on our side..
It would seem consistent .to me
that if the Administration is sin-
cere in its desire for disarmament,
it would try instead to neutralize
Germany, as Austria has been. If
this is done, the Russins have of-
fered to demilitarize several of' the
Eastern European nations.
* *' *
A NEUTRALIZED Europe would
allow those nations to turn their
attentions and energies to, eco-
nomic problems, which are one of
the major reasons that Commun-
ism has made such headway in
Europe. The Kennan proposals for
a demilitarized Europe are worth
far more attention than the Eisen-
hower Administration has given
Another area where the Admin-
istration must retrace its steps is
with Communist China. To deny
the existence of a major portion
of the world's population, even if



the fall of the Gaillard government seem to
have decided to blame the United States for
their inability to put down the rebellion in
Algeria. Their argument is as follows. The
rebellion in Algeria would have been crushed
by this time but for the fact that the guerrilla
bands are supplied and supported, are aided
and abetted, across the long frontier with
Tunisia. Instead of aligning itself firmly with
France in demanding that Tunisia close the
frontier and abandon the rebellion, the United
States has remained friendly with Tunisia,
thus enabling Tunisia to refuse to yield to
1srance. In the- eyes of these politicians, this
makes us conspirators against the vital inter-
ests of France.
In the second stage of intoxication, these
politicians believe that our failure to support
them unreservedly is due to a very sinister
purpose. It is nothing less than that we desire
to oust France from North Afriqa, and from the
oil and the minerals of the Sahara, in order to
establish an American empire in Africa. This
is, of course, the Communist line. But that
would not matter much, were it not the line
also also taken by the extreme Right.
The answer to the second charge is that with
all our human frailties, we are not that stupid.
We know, though the intoxicated politicians
do not yet know it, that the French North
African empire, far from being a desirable

is no settlement. In our view, M. Soustelle and
his Rightist friends are preparing a disaster
in 'which we shall be, though we do not want
to be, involved.
IF THEY COME TO POWER, they will not be
able to close the Tunisian frontier by any
pressure that can be put upon the Tunisian
government. The fact of the matter is that the
Tunisian government is not strong enough,
does not have the troops and does not have
the political solidarity, to close the frontier.
M. Soustelle and his friends can close that
frontier only by reconquering Tunisia, and if
they do that, they will set fire to the whole of
North Africa.
If this happens, it is anyone's guess as to
what would be the repercussions inside France.
But no one can reasonably suppose that the
French nation will like a wide extension of this
horrid, cruel, and interminable war.
The French who have asked us to give them
our unqualified support in the Algerian war
are asking the impossible. The war has gone
on for many years. There is no end to that war
in sight. It is a war, we have come to realize,
which cannot be brought to an end by military
means, and the attempt to reach a military
decision is more likely to spread the war to
Tunisia and to Morocco than to end it in
Algeria. We cannot allow ourselves to be en-
tangled in such folly.
Wa~ hmin, ,h r,,nr.,,,, hp th art,.snc

Diplomat AlyKhan Wins Respect

Aly Khan was named Paki-
stan's chief delegate to the United
Nations, eyebrows arched around
the world.
What, inquired many a diplomat
and ordinary citizen alike, are his
qualifications? His love of fast
horses? Fast cars? Beautiful wom-
en? Parties?
But after a few weeks in his new
post, the consensus on the East
River is that he is a hard-working,
serious-minded ambassador whose
earnestness, industry and intelli-
gence are impressive.
* *
HE HAS LARGELY withdrawn
from the glitter of the interna-
tional set, spends long hours at his

"What do you think of the UN's
"It is the only future. There is
no fiture outside it."
A typical day for Aly Khan
might include a couple of morning
conferences; a session with Agha
Shahi, a minister from the Wash-
ington Embassy who had been
serving as acting UN representa-
tive since the resignation in De-
cember of Ghulam Ahmed; lunch
with U.S. Delegate Henry Cabot
Lodge; a three-hour session on a
committee studying the French-
Algerian-Tunisian problem; din-
ner; then back to his office, loaded
with documents to work until 9:30
or so.
* a
ALY KHAN is single now, but he
has been married twice His first

One of them, Ambassador Djalal
Abdoh of Iran, who has watched
him at committee meetings, said:
"He showed forbearance, wisdom
and courage, which is a great deal
for a beginner. I was impressed
equally by his approach of moder--
ation and conciliation."
Another diplomat puts it this
way: "He seems very earnest about
his job. He seems to be extremely
good at grasping things. His eval-
uation of things that he has seen,
of the conferences he has attend-
ed, has been extremely perceptive,
acute and intelligent."
* * *
ALY'S FATHER was Imam, or
spiritual leader, of the Ismaili
sect of the Shiah branch of Islam,
estimated variously to number
from three to 20 million believers


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