See Page 4
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
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VOL. LXVIII, No. 140 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 19, 1958 FIVE CENTS
War Nearly Ended'
Capital Threatened on Three Sides;
Spokesman Admits Loss of Padang
JAKARTA, Indonesia (RP)-Government forces drove yesterday
toward Bukittinggi, capital and last stronghold of the tottering rebel
regime on Sumatra, a military spokesman said.
"It will all be over soon," he predicted.
He refused to say how far the troops had advanced on Bukittinggi.
The town lies 58 miles by twisting mountain road and 40 miles by air
north of Padang, the,,rebel port the government said its forces seized
Rebel Decision Awaited
Rebel Premier Sjafruddin Prawiranegara and his government of
young Indonesian colonels apparently must soon make the hard deci-
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Murray From
son, Associated Press correspondent,
was at Padang when Indonesian gov-
erriment troops invaded Thursday.
He and three other foreign corre-
spondents were held prisoner by Ja-
karta troops for four hours. They
then were released and went to Buk-
ittinggi, through rebel lines. Here
is his first eyewitness account of the
By MURRAY FROMSON
Associated Press Staff Writer
BUKITrINGGI, Sumatra-- In-
donesian Marines and paratroop
ers Thursday kicked off the long-
awaited invasion of West Sumatra
By nightfall the rebel city ofPa.
dang had fallen. . .
Few rebel soldiers were in sight
as Marines waded in from the sea
to Padang's beaches while para-
chute troops dropped into the
nearby hills at dawn. There was
little rebel fire.
The Indonesian army landed
from the offshore .flotilla on
beaches eight miles north of Pa.
dang later in the morning.
Army Joins Marines
The army Joined the 300-man
Marine spearhead and quickly
seized control of the road leading
north from Padang to Bukittinggi
the rebel Capital.
They held the highway from Pa-
dang's outskirts to a point 18 miles
north of the city. That put them
about 40 miles by road south of
The rebels blew up the Padang
airport north of the city to keep
central government planes from
Invasion Began Wednesday
The invasion actually was kick-
ed off Wednesday night when a
small landing party of Marines hit
the beach four miles from Padang.
At dawn, the Jakarta air force
swooped down and blazed away
-at rebel guns, which revealed their
positions by concentrating their
fire on the approaching aircraft
rather than on the exposed para-
troopers and landing Marines.
Three other correspondents and
I were picked up by Jakarta troops
and held for four hours. Then we
were ;released by the forces com-
mander, Col;d Ahmed Jani, who
got his command training at the
United States Army Staff School
at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan.
He told us we were free to go
anywhere we wished. We rode back
in, a "jeep to rebel territory. Rebel
communications were so bad the
correspondents were asked repeat-
edly what the situation was around
Rebel leaders expressed shock
and bewilderment that the defend-
ers did not put up a better fight
for ,the Indian ocean port.
WASHINGTON (P)-The United
States has pinpointed the location
of two additional bases from which
intercontinental ballistic missiles
-ICBM--can be launched by the
end of next year.
'Offutt Air Force Base near
Omaha, Neb., and Fairchild Air
* Force Base, near Spokane, Wash..
*sion of whether to stand and fight
or flee to the jungles.
Other government columns op-
erating for weeks in eastern and
northern Sumatra are moving on
the rebel capital along all the
other roads from north, east and
"The rebel forces are outnum-
bered by ours considerably, almost
eight to two," the military spokes-
"I don't think it will take much
longer now to finish the affair."
From somewhere in Sumatra a
rebel radio was heard in Singapore
broadcasting a rebel Defense Min-
istry statement saying: "Let's fight
to the end: God is with us."
Rebel reports reaching Singa-
pore asserted there still was some
street fighting in Padang up to
noon yesterday and that rebel
forces still held positions five
miles south of the port.
But a delayed dispatch from
Bukittinggi said a Sumatran mili-
tary spokesman there had an-
nounced the loss of Padang. The
spokesman said it was occupied at
6:30 p.m. Thursday by two Ja-
Ab'ut 6,000 men hit Red Beach,
61/2 miles north of Padang, soon
after dawn Thursday, and 11 hours
later reported capturing the half-
emptied city of 150,000. Resistance
was said to have been light to
U.S. To Run in Red
WASHINGTON (RP) - Secretary
of the Treasury Robert Anderson,
standing firm' against any quick
tax cut, said yesterday the federal
deficit will"be well over three bil-
lion dollars when the present fis-
cal year ends June 30.
This compares with President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's estimate
of 400 million in January, before
the pinch of .the recession was felt.
On other sectons of the econom-
1) The. House Ways and Means
Committee approved a 11%-billion-
dollar unemployment relief pro-
gram, to be financed wholly by the
federal government. Critics pro-
tested that it would be a dole.
2) The President's Council of
Economic Advisers reported the
gross -national product--the value
of all goods and services produced
in the country - dropped by $8,-
600,000,000 during the first quar-
ter of 1958, when figured on an
annual rate basis.
Looks for Progress
3) Anderson told the American
Society of Newspaper Editors, "~We
are not headed for a depression,
but for new horizons of progress."
4) The New York stock market
perked up, apparently encouraged
by the government's latest moves
to make money easier to borrow.
In his address, Anderson pre-
dicted a deficit approaching four
billion dollars next fiscal year even
if federal revenues remain at a.
high level, something he said was
not likely to happen. President;
Eisenhower in January estimated.
a 500-million-dollar surplus next,
Opposes Tax Cut
GROMYKO MAKES CHARGES:
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON -- The United
States denied yesterday Russian
charges that the American H-
bombers conduct "provocative
flights" towards the USSR.
At a Moscow news conference
Soviet Foireign Minister Andrei
Gromyko accused the United
States of courting atomic war by
sending planes with nuclear
bombs across the Arctic toward
The Soviet delegation to the
United Nations then lodged a for-
U.S. Welcomes Showdown
The United States announced it
would welcome a showdown de-
bate in the United Nations.
The United States statement,
issued by the State Department,
did not dispute that the bombers
have flown in the direction of
Russia. But it said the, training
exercises, designed to protect the
free world from being over-
whielmed by a surprise attack, can
by no stretch of the imagination
be considered provocative.
A Soviet charge that the United
States Strategic Air Command
might start a war by getting trig-
ger-happy on a false alert was de-
nounced as false. SAC's proce-
dures are foolproof, the United
States said, and itcould attack
only on express orders from the
Gromyko charged, "the people
of all countries are coming to
realize that certain groups in the
United States are doing really ev-
erything to keep the world on the
brink of war and that this brink,
as shown by their actions, may
be overstepped in a matter of
War Can Result
"The world is finding itself in
a position where atomic war can
result from the smallest error of
WASHINGTON OP)-Poet Ezra
Pound soon will leave the mental
hospital which has been his prison
for 12 years.
A treason indictment accusing
Pound, 72, of betraying this coun-
try with pro-Axis, anti-American
radio broadcasts from Italy during
World War II was dismissed yes-
terday in United States District
With the indictment out of the
way, only a few details remain
before Pound can leave St. Eliza-
beth's Hospital, where he has been
confined since he was adjudged
mentally incompetent in 1946.
Pound Not Competent
Chief Judge Bolitha J. Lmaws
dismissed the indictment on the
ground that Pound is not and
never will be mentally competent
to stand trial. At the same time
it was held that he would not ber
dangerous to himself or others if
The bearded Pound was brought
to the hearing by a hospital at-
tendant. He sat among the specta-
tors and listened with bowed head,
Asked if he wanted to return to
Italy he replied with a vigorous:
Attorney Thurman Arnold, re-
presenting the Pounds, told Judge
Laws that the' hospital superin-
tendent, Dr. Winfred Overholser,
had filed a sworn statement say-'
ing the poet now is mentally in-
competent and that there is nd
likelihood he ever will be able to
Prof. Donald A. Hall of the
English department said he feels
Pound's release was "a bit .ate.
It should have happened at least
five years ago," he said.
"Pound is obviously no menace
to anyone," Prof. Hall said, "and
his poetry is great."
an American technician, lack of
attention, miscalculation, or mis-
conclusion of an American of-
The Soviet propaganda blast.
tied in with Big Four prepara-
tions in Moscow for a summit
conference, apparently, caught the
United States partly by surprise.
If so, it reacted quickly and put
out a 500-word statement in clear,
brittle language reflecting a new
awareness of cold war.propaganda:
"It is categorically denied that
the United States Air Force is con-
ducting provocative flights over
the polar 'regions or in the. vicini-
ty of the USSR."
Gromyko said the' Soviet gov-
ernment knew of flights by Amer-
ican bombers with nuclear wea-
pons across the Arctic toward the
Soviet frontiers and that this con-,
stituted a "too dangerous game."
He said such exercises are 4un-
heard of in tim'e of peace, and thex
USSR government regards them
as a dangerous provocation."
A miniature "explosion" at the
League early last night resulted in
smoke, acid fumes and some mild
excitement, but very little else,
according to League Business
Manager Sally Steketee.
Miss Steketee said all that was
found were a firecracker and the
remains of a bottle of acid. She
said the firecracker, which went
off near the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre, was planted in the League
as a prank.
There was no fire or other dam-I
U.S. Denies Bombers Sent to USSR
when it convenes at 10 a.m.
The House rejected by 13 votes
a conference committee report
that the Senate's version of the
higher education bill be accepted.
The recommendation squeaked by
the Senate earlier in the day by
the bare minimum of 18 votes re-
quired for approval.
Senators in March approved an
appropriation bill allotting the
University $30 million for opera-
tions next year.
Last week the House raised this
figure to $30,929,000.
Both Senate sand House bills
now go back to conference com-
mittee for another compromise
If both houses do not accept
the .second recommendation of
the committee, the bill will die.
and the Legislature will have to
start over on higher education ap-
A member of the conference
committee, Rep. Harry J. Phillips
(R-St. Clair) told critics of the
committee's report on the House
floor. "We did all we could. Ev-
S See LEGISLATORS, page, 2
By DAVID TARR
Alternate plans to bring n
year's University operations w
in the limits of a drastic
slashed budget are being preps
by administration officials.
"We. are ready to turn qu
ly to different programs depe
ing on the size of the Legisla
appropriation," President Har'
Hatcher told the Board of Rege
He said aA! units of the U
versity are studying their ope
tions to see where cutbacks
Conferees To Seei
Group Meets Today After Rejecti
Of Slashing 'U' Funds to $30 Milli
By PHILIP MUNCK
F Special to The Daily
LANSING - The House yesterday again thwarted
tempts to limit the University's 1958-59 operating bui
to $30 million and sent the entire higher education bill b
to a conference committee.
The committee will meetitoday to make a second atte
at ironing out differences between the House and Senate
sions of the bill. It is expected a new recommendation
be ready for the Legislature,_ r_
MADISON, WIS. (A-Fifty-five
University of Wisconsin men,
snatched from a crowd of more
than 2,000 students who stormed
through Madison's fraternity row
section for seven hours before they
were dispersed by tear gas Thurs-
day night, escaped court punish-
But they still faced university
Disorderly conduct charges
against the 55 young men were
dismissed. But LeRoy Luberg, who
as dean of- students pleaded in
vain over a police loudspeaker for
the mob to disband without police
action, said immediate suspension
would be recommended for riot
The outbreak was the second in
as many nights for the Wisconsin,
The previous night, a water fight
got out of hand in te same area
as hydrants were opened.,
The Treasury chief reiterated
his opposition to an abrupt tax
slash. The tax situation is receiv-
ing daily consideration from gov-
ernment officials, he said, but
"Modification of taxes in an
economy as complex as ours . .
must be based on a very ca'eful
review of what in fact can be ac-
complished - and not on the
theory that a single dramatic ac-
tion will automatically be all that
is required to assure business re-
WASHINGTON (P) - Striking
technicians of the Columbia
Broadcasting System voted by a
7-4 margin yesterday to end their
12-day strike against the big radio
and television network in eight
The International Brotherhood
of Electrical Workers announced
the end of the walkout. The union
said the agreement provides for a
$185.50 weekly top wage effective
back to Feb. 1, and another raise
to $190 weekly effective Aug. 1,
The contract, running for three
years to Feb. 1, 1961, provides a
6.4 per cent raise now, and another
2.4 per, cent hike next year, the
union said. The prior top rate for
three-year technicians was $175.
Company executives did techni-
cal work during the strike.
CASE CLUB SPEAKER :
Wzanski Cites ]factors
In Success, as Lawyer,
By SELMA SAWAYA
"Despite evidence that group effort is responsible for success in
the present-day business world, what we should emphasize to a greater
extent is the importance of individuality."
Judge Charles E. Wyzanski, Jr., of the United :States District
Court, district of Massachusetts, said last night, in an address to the
Case Club, that independence of the individual is not easy, particulary
since many think they are entering "a world which rewards con-
-The University is faced with
the possibility of a $30 million op-
erating budget. The figure could
go as high as $30,929,000, a sum
equal to this year's allotment, de-
pending on legislative action to-
day. A $37 million operating bud-
get was requested.
Hatcher told the April Regents
meeting he did not believe the
University had ever, or ever would,
downgrade the quality of its oper-
ations because of limited re-
Priority will be given to facul-
ty salary increases next year,
Vice-president and Dean of Fac-
ulties Marvin L. Niehuss told a
press conference following the
"Some merit and across the
board increases must be given,"
Fewer Instructors Employed
But at the- same time he said
with the $30 million appropriation
there will still be from 175 to 200
fewer instructors employed by the
University next year.
Niehuss conceded the University
is holding off with new appoint-
ments to the staff until it is sure.
of its appropriation. The Regents
yesterday approved only one ap-
The officials re-emphasized
earlier statements that enroll-
ment will have to be curtailed but
were not clear on what level any
cutbacks would come.
Hatcher said, however, "We
would like to see the freshman
class about the size it is now."
A class of 3000 is anticipated, of-
ficials say. He noted there are
areas on the graduate level where
needed additional faculty and im-
proved facilities will probably not
Benjamin, Gruel Win, Campbell Award
By JOAN KAATZ
Blair Benjamin, '59L, and Grant
J. Gruel, '58L, counsel for the
respondent, won the Henry M.
Campbell cash award in the final
debate of the Case Club competi-
The hypothetical case, drawn
up by Prof. Paul Kauper of the
law school, was argued at a mock
session of the Supreme Court. As-
sociate Justice William J. Brennan
Jr. of the Supreme Court presided
over the hearing after listening to
three similar cases in Washington
Judge Presentation Quality
The decision of the judges was
based primarily on the quality of
presentation of the case rather
than the facts argued.
possible connection with the Com-
munist Party, and the case was
then taken to the Passport Appeals
Delto testified at both hearings
he had never advocated violent
overthrow of the United States
Government but he did believe in
the superiority of the Communist
system over capitalistic democracy.
He also refused to sign a non-
Communist affidavit. He said he
was not influenced by any group
attempting violent overthrow of
the government and that his poli-
tical beliefs were entirely his own,
He invoked- the fifth amend-
ment, protecting self-incrimina-
tion, without explanation when
asked about affiliations with the
Delto refused comment when the
Appeals Board questioned his
writings commending Soviet for-
eign policy and criticizing Ameri-
can foreign policy..
Finally, the Appeals Board pre-
sented a State Department affi-
davit written by a secret informer
whom the department refused to
identify, saying that Delto had
had some relations with William
Birsky, who in 1956 became a spy
for the Soviet Union. Delto said
he had never known Birsky.
Passport Again Denied
The passport was again denied
because of possible Communist af-
Counsel for petitioner Delto
'formity, and those who restrain
individuality and conform to the
expectations of their elders.
Three qualities which lie at the
root of independence in the man,
and the lawyer as well, are "pa-
tient courage, reserved strength,
and double vision," Judge Wyzan-
He defined "patient courage"
not as the courage to stand up to
a dominant majority but "the
courage to stand in the face of
fear and dread and to carry on
with one's responsibilities."
Citing the case of former Chief
Justice of the Supreme Court
Charles Evans Hughes, Judge
Wyzanski pointed out that "one
should be prepared to .encounter
fear." When 'Hughes was first ap-
pointed Associate Justice, he al-
most resigned his position from
the fear that he was inadequate
for the job.
Judge Wyzanski said he felt one
could not be an outstanding lawyer
t, orn membei.r of nn 'IVV4 ?Vmi 'u T"; f
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