Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
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ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 16, 1958
Riesman Suggests New 'U' College
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"Enterprise" on the part of the
faculty is more important than
the form of the program of the
college in question, he continued,
but enterprise is often stifled by
"A college doesn't stay experi-
mental long," Prof. Riesman said,
"just as a sect becomes a church."
Faculty members participating
in a unified program such as that
at Chicago where all social sci-
ences are combined must be or-
ganized as a staff, he said, with
"young men coming in" as col-
leagues rather than teaching fel-
Thus, according to Prof. Ries-
man, a large university such as
ours must hope the enthusiasm
generated by a comparatively small
program such as the one once used
at Wisconsin will spread beyond
the program to the university as a
PARIS (/P)-The government of
Premier Felix Gaillard fell last
night, brought down by a National
Assembly attack on his Tunisian
policies and their American-Brit-
The Assembly, echoing with
cries of anti-American sentiment,
rejected 321-255 Gaillard's call for
acceptance of a United States-
British plan for settling the
French-Tunisian dispute. Gaillard
Announcing his action to re-
porters, Gailla'rd said: "In the
present circumstances it is in the
country's interests that the crisis
which opened be closed as rapidly
Though the vote was not on a
formal motion of confidence, Pres-
ident Rne ty did not try $a
persuade Gaillard to hold fast and
ride out the defeat.. The margin
apparently had been tod gietW' or
Coty accepted the resignation.
He asked Gaillard, however, to
stay on as caretaker - the usual
procedure in such cases-until a
new government can be formed.
The issue defeating Gaillard was
a technical one. It involved his bid
to shelve five .motions from the
extreme leftand right which criti-
cized his policy. Gaillard had de-
clared he would consider the re-
sult an implied issue of confidence.
The government defeat came
after a stormy day of debate in
which both houses of Parliament
rang to an outburst of anti-Amer-
Gaillard had called Parliament
into special session in an attempt
to win backing for his acceptance
of the British-American good of-
fices mission aimed at restoring
He said the terms were accept-
able and added there was really
no alternative except to send
French troops back into the former
protectorate of Tunisia, already
protesting French garrisons still
Gaillard had proposed leaving
the question' of control of the
Tunisian Algerian frontier for
handling outside the good offices
But he said others were waste-
ful and some were included against
advice based on "careful study
and considered judgments of the
professional services and other
executive agencies concerned." 1
Republicans, meanwhile, return-
ed to the attack on another big
measure-the bill by Sen. William
Fulbright (D-Ark.) to lend up to a
billion dollars at cheap rates to
states and municipalities to finance
all sorts of local public works,
Sen. Knowland said the Repub-
licans would try to cut the bill's
total in half. It has been -halved
once before, from two billion to.
one million dollars, in the Senate
The bill proposed future con-
struction of 150 navigation, beach
erosion, flood control and power
projects all across the country. On
April 2 the Senate voted 52-11 to
accept a compromise version draft-
ed by a Senate-House committee.
As for the bill to speed up high-
.way construction, Sen. Knowland
said President Eisenhower has
been wooried because he didn't
like its proposed division of state
and federal financing.
The bill provides the federal-
government would put up $2 to
every $1 by the states for work in
the coming year on primary, sec-
ondary and urban federal-aid
No one was greatly surprised
when President Eisenhower ve-
toed the water bill. He had turned
down a similar measure and for
similar stated reasons in 1956.
"The Residence Hall Board of
Governors is doing an excellent
job in the area of residence hall
discrimination," Vice-President for
Student Affairs James A. Lewis
told fellow members of Ann Ar-
bor's Human Relations Commis-
sion last night at their monthly
He further pointed out that a
hearing before the Board for three
interested student groups was
It was also revealed at the meet-
ing that members of the University
Survey Research Center staff will
be acting as consultants for the
Commission's "Human Relations
In Action -- 1958" research pro-
How To Vote
The University chpter of the
American Association of Univer-
sity Professors met last night to
instruct its delegates how to vote
on a recent AAUP report at its
However, the group decided not
to divulge what its instructions
The convention will meet April
25-26. It will consider it its regular
order of business whether or not to
impose censure on the University
See related story, page 2
for its handling of the summary
suspensions of three University
facunty members and the subse-
quent dismissal of two of them
in the spring of 1954.
-The report says that Prof. Mark
Nickerson then of the pharmacol-
ogy department, Prof. Clement
Markert then of the zoology de-
partment and H. Chandler Davis,
then of the mathematics depart-
ment were treated in a manner
"inconsistent with the principles
of academic freedom and tenure."
All three men had refused to
testify before the House Un-Amer-
ican Activities 'Committee.
The AAUP had released a 60-
page report on the case before
vacation. The local chapter met
last night to consider what parts
of the report it would accept and
which it would reject.
WASHINGTON P) - Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles
charged Russia yesterday with
prostituting diplomacy for propa-
ganda purposes and thereby en-
dangering international peace.
At a news conference, he.called
on Moscow to halt its outpouring
of public letters and diplomatic
notes if it genuinely wants to ease
tensions with the West.
The United States has always
felt, Dulles said, that exchanges
between heads of government
"were designed, generally on a
highly confidential basis, sincerely
to achieve some practical result."
Dulles defended the Eisenhower
administration against criticism
it has failed to meet the Kremlin's
successful propaganda campaign,
He conceded that Soviet propa-
ganda "initially is having a kind
of field day" in newly independent
countries but he questioned wheth-
er the United States should seek
to match the Russians in this field.
A more effective way must be
found to deal with Soviet propa-
ganda, he said, and eventually the
.answed will be developed.
C ptol Problem Report ed
By The Associated Press
Washington's labor pains continued to grow yesterday as bills,
court decisions and testimony, added to the tangle of union problems.
Dividing 2-1, the United States Court of Appeals ruled the Senate
investigations subcommittee exceeded its powers in investigating mis-
use of union funds.
The decision wiped out the contempt of Congress convictions of
two officials of the Teamsters Union, Frank Brewster and Nugent
LaPoma, both of Seattle.
Not Current Committee
The decision did not involve the powers of a special Senate com-
mittee now investigating misdeeds of labor and management. That
committee was created in January,
'fifth, Michigan. surged ahead to
take a lead sufficient for ultimate
victory. Ron ' Jernigan, who re-
lieved starting hurler John Herrn-
stein in the third, led off the inn-
ing with a single.
He advanced when catcher Gene
Snider was safe on an error, and
then both scored on successive
safeties by Ernie Myers and Bob
Kucher, shortstop and second-
The death blow was dealt the
following stanza when Snider belt-
ed a bases-loaded triple down the
right field line. Scoring on the
smash were leftfielder Jim Dickey
and Jernigan, who both got on via
walks, and Dave Brown, hard-
hitting second baseman,,who hit a
Herrnstein, making his first start
on the mound since throwing a
no-hitter on the southern trip
more than a week ago, had no
chance for a repeat performance
when the second man in the bat-
ting order, Len Grabowski, nicked
him for a single.
The junior lefty was yanked by
Coach- Ray Fisher because of a
sore shoulder, after pitching the
next inning. It was nothing serious,
and he finished the game in cen-
See MICHIGAN, page 3
1957, after jurisdiction of the sub-
committee had been challenged by
Brewster and others.
Meanwhile, a bill to police labor
unions and punish wrongdoing by
their leaders was introduced in the
Senate Tuesday by Sen. John L.
The bill would give the secretary
of labor broad new powers to in-
vestigate and clean up union af-
fairs. It would punish as felonies
bribery and extortion in connec-
tion with union activities, as well
as falsification of union books and
Other provisions would strip un-
ions of their federal tax exemp-
tions if they 'violated the proposed
new code, and deny them any
standing before the National Labor
At a Senate inquiry yesterday,
three truck drivers said they were
brutally beaten for opposing Ray
Cohen when he took over Phila-
delphia Local 107 of the Team-,
sters Union in 1954.
The hearing also produced evi-
dence of forged endorsements on
union checks issued by Cohen and
the local's president, William
Grace, and evidence that financial
records had been "kited" to give
someone a $4,003.75 profit..
Cohen is a right-hand man of
president of the Teamsters. Wit-
nesses testified that as secretary-
treasurer of Local 107, Cohen runs
the show in Philadelphia.
Vincent A. Minisci told the Sen-
ate Rackets Committee ,that be-
cause of his opposition to Cohen
strong-arm men worked him over
on two occasions. Finally they
drove him out of the state in fear
of his life, he said.
A study of Student Government
Council candidates' election ex-
penses is now in progress, Elec-
tions Director Roger Mahey, '61,
said last night.
Mahey is checking the expense
statements of the winning can-
didates, he said, by comparing the.
records of local printers who pre-
pared posters ,with the candi-
He expects to complete the
study within a week, and then
may examine the statements of
the other candidates, he said.
A motion urging that students
more than 21 years old be allowed
to drink in private apartments or
rooms will be considered by Stu-
dent Government Council at 7:30
p.m. today in the Council room
of the Student Activities Bldg.
The .motion calls for a recom-
mendation to. the faculty Com-
mittee on Student Conduct that
"student quarters" be defined to
exclude private residences, which
now are included in the University
regulation prohibiting "the use or
presence of intoxicating beverages
in student quarters."
The rule shall then apply only
to University student housing (i.e.,
dormitories, fraternities, sororities,
league houses, and co-operative
houses) ," the motion states.
The Council wll also hear a
report from Scott Chrysler, '59BAd,
on the old University Calendar
Committee, of which Chrysler was
a student member.
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON -' Rocket ex-
pert Wernher von Braun said yes-
terday the United States could
send a man 150 miles into space
one year from the word go on
such a project.
The Russians, he said, already
have the capability of shooting a
man 200 miles into space. Von
Braun said he is convinced if this
country doesn't get *a man into
space soon the Russians will do it
As for who will shoot a rocket
to the moon first, Von Braun said
Russia may well try before the
United States. He said it will be
many months before this country
is ready for an attempt.
* * *
WASHINGTON - The Air Force
Association pledged yesterday full
support for all-out military unifi-
cation but challenged-major pro-.
visions of President Dwight D.
Eisenhower's program to achieve
The association numbers many
active Air Force officers in its
The statement especially criti-
cized President Eisenhower's pro-
posal to centralize greater ad-
ministrative authority in the
office of the secretary of defense
and his assistants.
. . t
PHILADELPHIA - No single
cure for cancer is possible, for
there is no- single cause of the
disease, a University of Wisconsin
scientist asserted last night.
Dr. Van R. Potter said a bio-
chemical approach suggests the
virus theory of cancer does not ex-
plain all aspects of cancer forma-
It means, too, he continued,
that the treatment of cancer with
chemical drugs will be difficult.
F- m -
About 700 Students
Take Part in Action
Nearly '100 male students, in-
toxicated with what one women's
house director called "spring fe-
ver", stormed the Hill early this
There was no injury or property
damage, and no residence halls
The demonstration began near
South Quadrangle, picked up a
reported 100 students at East
Quadrangle, and made a grand
tour of the women's Residence
Halls, picking up panties as they
In rapid succession the student
hit Stockwell, Mosher-Jordan,
Alice Lloyd, and Couzens, then
headed back to campus epcorted
by one police car and numerous
members of the administration.
Starts at South
It started at South Quad with
firecrackers thrown from Quad;
windows onto the roof of Beta
Theta P fraternity.
The crowd, nearly 500 strong,
lined both sides. of Madison and
overflowed into the street.
Toilet tissue confetti and buckets
of water poured from the roof of
South Quad further incited the
The cry "to the Hill" triggered
the march. They moved to the
Diag, then veered to East Quad-
rangle "to get more guys."
Greeted by Girls
The crowd was greeted by sp.
proximately 50 Stockwell gir
'lining -the roof, in addition to
countless others behind flickering
and darkened windows.
The first panties fell from the
windows of Mosher-Jordan. Alice
Lloyd was next as the men, their
faces covered with handkrchiefs
and ripped shirts, received more
The raiders converged on Co-
zens, while the girls inside scurried
upstairs for safety. Several raiders
displayed trophies of women's
Administrators, seasoned ; by
previous raids, were cool and
calm. Vice-President in Charge
of Student Affairs James A. Lew-
is calmly followed the crowd from
East Quadrangle to the Hill.
His action was typical of other
administrators who seemed con-
tent tQ allow the crowd to wear
Dean of Women Deborah Bacorn
standi* alone in front of Alice
Lloyd termed the action "exqui-
site in timing." "The State Legis-
lature meets Thursday," she ad-
Started with Shouts V ..
The demonstration began with
the hollering between South Quad
and the Beta Theta P1 fraternity
house between 12:30 a.m. and :
a.m. It was unusual in its late
Harold Swoverland, Investiga-
tor for the Office of Student Af-
fairs, declared that he went past
South Quad at 11:45 pm. "and
everything was quiet."
Everything was quiet again at
WASHINGTON ()-Scientist J
Robert Oppenheimer said yester-
day it is impossible to work out a
disarmament agreement which
won't be made obsolete by ne'
Oppenheimer, who directed the
government laboratory which de-
veloped the first atomic bomb, sai
disarmament is not the utopiar
idea it once was.
He said difficulties still stand in
the way of an effective agreement
HAVANA ()-Rebels fled deep
into the mountains around Guan-
tanamo yesterday after shooting
up three towns near the United
States naval base there.
Other hit-and-run raids kept
troops and police'busy in three of
Cuba's six provinces.
About 500 guerrillas are roaming
the Guantanamo area in eastern
Cuba. Thirty rebels were reported
killed in clashes with, troops when
they raided the towns, of Ciama-
nera, Lima and Jamaica near'
Shooting Dies Out
Sporadic shooting in the streets
of Guantanamo, an Oriente prov-
ince city of 130,000 residents, died
out. No casualties were reported.
Rebels fired at vehicles and
trains elsewhere in Oriente. Com-
munications between the provin-
cial capital of Santiago and most
of Oriente still were out.
Rebels Burn Tobacco
In Pinar del Rio, western Cuba,
rebels burned six tobacco ware-
houses. Army reinforcements were
sent to La Coloma in Pinar del Rio
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BOOSTS INNER SPACE:
Kelly Punctures Outer
By BROOKE TOMPKINS
"Inner space" is much more important to the world these days
than outer space," cartoonist Walt Kelly said yesterday.
"What happens when we are so desperate to achieve outer space
that we forget inner space?" the creator of "Pogo" asked his Rackham
Lecture. Hall audience. The legendary Abominable Snowman of the
Himalayas, which cartoonists have made into a symbol of the
cold war, typifies the current world situation, he said.
Snowman Represents Ignorance
The Snowman exists at the Summit and represents ignorance,
from which, Kelly added, comes either fear or "a quick laugh at the
other's expense." "Our Western friends are amused with our preoccu-
pation with the Abominable Snowman, and would like to see us solve
such problems as Little Rock instead," he said.
Kelly recently returned from a trip around the world, which he
made "just ahead of Sputnik, with a difference in altitude.""
The world needs more true humor, he reflected, and Sputnik
..-. 4ui A' .n T'hlc i a inrA in the