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March 30, 1958 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1958-03-30

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"Quiet! We're Thinking Up A New Reason"

R. A~ 0 Iwr A irl4w n tt all
Sixty-EighthYear
cl - DITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
"When Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIOIS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mius t be noted in all reprints.
UNDAY, MARCH 30, 1958 NIGHT EDITOR: LANE VANDER SLICE

For the Kids: Adequate
Facilities, Better Teaching

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ILTo The Edio
Clarification
To the Editor:
THERE APPEARED in The Daily on Saturday, March 29, 1958, an
article headlined, "Defeated Candidate Urges New Election." Being
that defeated candidate, I feel that this article needs some clarification.
What was written in the article was correct to an extent, but I be-
lieve that there has been a misrepresentation of certain statements in
my original letter addressed to Joint Judic (this letter was not submitted
at all. In fact, a new letter has been drafted.
a)I did not urge that there be a new election; I only suggested that
Joint Judic look into the possibility of another election. After discussing

JUT OF 29,000 eligible probably about 8,500
will care enough.
There will be a rather important election in
he Ann Arbor School District tomorrow.
iligible voters will have the opportunity to
rote on one of the few great issues of our times
hat can be affected by action at a local level-
lementary, junior high and senior high school
ducation. That the inferiority of American
lower" education to Russia's is an issue is
lowly getting across to the public. Life Maga-
Ine is making a major effort in this respect,
nd even the conservative newsplay of the New
York Times has given lead stories to debate on
he issue.
Voters will decide on two separate proposals.
)ne, a $3,750,000 bonding proposal to build and
quip a 1,000-pupil junior high school and 27
additional elementary classrooms, represents
in effort to keep pace-but not ahead of pace--
vith the tide of rising school enrollments. The
>roblem is this. Since the tqtal enrollment in
he District grows over 800 pupils a year, td
naintain a maximum of 30 pupils per classroom
iecessitates the building of at least 27 new
lassrooms per year.

THE SECOND PROPOSAL, which asks for a
2112-mill increase for five years in the Dis-
trict's operational millage, is at least as cru-
cially needed as the first. This would provide for
needed additional teachers, slight salary in-
creases for teachers, and curricula improve-
ment. The statements of the Board of Educa-
tion speak best on the need for the proposals
passage: It will permit a "return to a seven
period day at the junior high school level,
thereby providing for an increase in required
and elective science, and . . . allow capable
students to carry more courses;" it will allow
Ann Arbor to compete financially for teachers
with schools in the metropolitan area, Ann
Arbor's beginning salaries now being the lowest
in the area.
Both proposals will add only $24 a year to
the tax bill of the average property owner.
It appears clear to us that if local voters
are to~meet the crisis in their own school dis-
trict, a crisis which is a part of the recognized
and often explained crisis in American educa-
tion, then they must get to'the polls and ap-
prove both proposals tomorrow.
It's for the kids, and then some.
-JAMES ELSMAN JR.
Editorial Director

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WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:

THIS WEEK ON CAMPUS:
Elections Suggestions

Congressmen Try Giveaway
By DREW PEARSON

THE BIGOEST NEWS this week was the all-
campus elections and the frauds connected
with several of them, following on the heels of
a remarkably unenlightened and unenlighten-
ing Student Government Council campaign.
The whole thing is probably best characterized
as "stuff and 'nonsense."
The SGC campaign might have been im-
proved had the candidates been subjected to
greater orientation to the Council. Past efforts
at orientation have floundered on the inability
of the elections committee either to find com-
petent teachers for orientation sessions or to
induce all candidates to appear. The most
effective way of dealing with this situation
might be to give each candidate several weeks
" in which to digest a given packet of informa-
tion about the campus and the Council and
then test them on its contents. The results
could then be published in The Daily, with
class level and SGC experience noted so that
incumbent candidates would not be given an
undue edge. While this would not eliminate
the Charlie McCarthy (or Mortimer Snerd)
approach of some candidates, nor other forms
of irresponsibility, it would at least insure some
greater acquaintance with the basic facts and
Issues than was evident in this campaign.-
* * *
E LECTION FRAUD may be harder to deal
with, but a number of steps can be taken.
First, better records of ballot assignments can
be kept and then guarded more carefully than
was done this year. All poll workers can be
assigned to specific ballot boxes rather than
allowed to select their own. Elections commit-
tee members, SGC members and others can
patrol the balloting more carefully, checking
to see that no advice is being given to voters
other than that signs and other means of elec-
tioneering must be kept away from the boxes.
In extreme cases, poll workers can be asked, to
post a bond of $5 or so, to be forfeited in case
of abuses, although this mighttend to dis-
courage badly peeded poll workers. It might be
grossly unfair to penalize the candidates them-
selves, beyond disqualifying ballots, since much
of the fraud can (and apparently in many
cases did) go on without theirknowledge.
The spurt of dishonesty, which appeared to
be new to this election (at least in degree), is
difficult to explain. It may come from a
heightened sense of the importance of SGC,
which makes it all the more important to get
favored candidates elected, or it may come
from a lessened respect for the Council, which
makes it seem less unethical, because it is less
important, to stuff for favorite sons. The latter
explanation seems to be the more likely one,
since what stuffing has been charged has been
much more candidate-oriented than issue-
oriented, and since the accusations, at least,
have seldom gone beyond the confines of
individual houses which had candidates in the
running.f
Editorial Staff
PETER ECKSTEIN, Editor
JAMES ,ELSMAN, JR. VERNON NAHRGANG
Editorial Director City Editor
DONNA HANSON........ Personnel Director
CAROL PRINS.................Magazine Editor
EDWARD GERULDSEN .. Associate Editorial Director
WILLIAM HANEY...............Features Editor
ROSE PERLBERG ................ Activities Editor
JAMES BAAD .................. Sports Editor
BRUCE BENNETT........ Associate Sports Editor
JOHN HILLYER ............Associate Sports Editor
'DIANE FRASER . ............... Assoc. Activities Editor
THOMAS BLUES ......... Assoc. Personnel Director
BRUCE BAILEY ................ Chief Photographer
Rsnea.. Cin{

ONE OF THE REAL IRONIES of the cam-
paign was the defeat of Ron Gregg, who has
been the biggest booster of the honor system
for literary college examinations. If a single
candidate was elected to SGC dishonestly, then
Gregg, who came in ninth, was pushed out
through fraudulent means in an election which
all too often relied on an honor system of sorts.
The incident points up one of the basic diffi-
culties of an honors system; that it increases
the chances for dishonest people to gain at the
expense of the honest.
*"-*
This week saw progress toward the establish-
ment of two more Greek houses on campus, Tau
Epsilon Phi and Phi Sigma Sigma. Assuming
the two houses can meet the requirements of
University regulations, they would be welcome
additions to the campus.
The past few years have been an unfortunate
trend among most Greek units toward nu-
merical expansion as enrollments and rushees
rose. If the trend continues the fraternities and
sororities may become as large, or nearly so, as
the residence hall houses and lose one of their
major appeals (and contributions) to students
-their compact size. If the Greek system is to
serve as a means of escaping the bewilderment
of a huge campus,..as suggested last week by
Illinois' Dean of Men Turner, it must not
become a system of large, equally bewildering
houses.
* * *
THIS WEEK SAW a calm on the residence
hall integration front, but the issue is still
with us. One point of dispute at the last Board
of Governors' meeting threatens to grow as the
meetings get more and more into the substance
of the staff report on present practices-the
admission of spectators. At the last meeting the
chairman of the SGC Human Relations Board
was denied admittance, since present board
policy calls for only a representative of The
Daily to be present, but given the widespread
interest in this subject and the fact that no
individual names (which might cause personal
embarrassment) need be used, it would seem
in the best interests of widespread understand-
ing of the Board's policies in this area that the
meetings be opened, at least to representatives
of interested groups. The residence hall per-
sonell frequently charge that they greatly mis-
understood, and this would be the best way in
which they could get their viewpoint across to
a greater number of persons.
-PETER ECKSTEIN
Editor
Library Reeks
With Practicality
THE PLANNER of the Romance Languages
Building, one Colonel Jenny, who also was
the first University professor of architecture,
died a good number of years ago and perhaps
he was fortunate. For if the Colonel were alive
today, he would be facing a double torture. He
would 1) have to watch the slow, mechanical
demolition of his own creation, and 2) if he
ever got a glimpse of the most recent addition
to campus topography, the Undergraduate Li-
brary, he might quite likely have torn his eyes
out.
It is hard to conceive two buildings so dif-
ferent. The stubby, distinguished Romance
Languages Building with its wooden stairs, had
a curious, yet austere personality. The Under-
graduate Library, on the other hand, is an
undistinguished pile of glass and bricks.
Many would defend the Library, saying that
it is both the best type of architecture possible,
considering such things as space limitations,

WASHINGTON- An interesting
private giveaway has been
quietly slipped into the legislative
hopper by Sen. Irving M. Ives (R-
N.Y.), Sen. H. Alexander Smith
(R-N.J.), and Congressman Rob-
ert W. Kean (R-N.J.).
Though carefully written to
throw inquisitive reporters off the
track, the two bills would toss a
cool $1,511,450 in taxpayers' funds
to two New Jersey sisters, Mrs.
Mary Elizabeth Kemmerer and
Mrs. Anne Bumstead.
Their attorney, Coleman Burke
of the New York firm of Burke
and Burke, was highly upset when
queried over the telephone by this
column about the private bills.
"I'd just as soon not have any
publicity about it," Burke declared,
pointing out that he didn't want
the apple cart kicked over just
when he had succeeded in getting
tht legislation introduced.
IT'S NOT explained in the text
of the bills, but Mrs. Kemmerer
and Mrs. Bumstead are claiming
the money from the Treasury as
additional payment for 4,725
shares of stock in General Dye-
stuff Corporation, seized by Alien
Property Custodian Leo Crowley
in 1942 as enemy property.
The stock had been bought by
their late father, Ernest K. Hal-
bach, just one month before the
outbreak of World War II. He paid
a mere $210,000 and the justice
department claimed he was simply
a front for the former owner, the
German cartel of I. G. Farben.
General Dyestuff was the sales

agent for General Aniline and
Film Corporation, which in turn
was the I. G. Farben holding com-
pany for its interests in the U.S.
What really adds shock-value to
the $1,511,450 payment now pro-
posed by lawmakers Ives, Smith
and Kean is the fact that Halbach
accepted an out-of-court settle-
ment of $557,550 from the U.S. in
payment for his vested stock in
1945. Moreover, after General Dye-
stuff was seized, Halbach, as a
native American, was allowed to
continue as a top executive run-
ning the firm under U.S. supervi-
sion. Between 1942 and 1950, when
he retired, he got an-additional
$558,000 in salary and bonuses. He
also was granted a special pension
of $18,000 a year at the time of
his retirement, though in 1953 this
was canceled, when General Dye-
stuff's board of directors learned
Halbach had persuaded some of its
employees to join him in organiz-
ing a rival company.
* * *
CARIBBEAN Carrousel - Some
congressmen want to know whether
Dictator Trujillo of the Dominican
Republic is using American aid
money to finance a home for de-
throned dictators. Trujillo is now
host of Peron of Argentina, Jim-
enez of Venezuela, and Kebreau of
Haiti.
The Dominican dictator is re-
ported most interested in the least
known of the trio, Brig. Gen. An-
tonio Kebreau, who was kicked
out of neighboring Haiti recently
by President Francois Duvalier.
Trujillo is reported amenable to

financing a Kebreau-led revolt
against the Democratic Haitian
government.
President Duvalier is concerned
over the bad publicitay Haiti's
hired influence peddlers have re-
ceived in this country. The list
includes John Roosevelt, Republi-
can son of the late President
Franklin D. Roosevelt; Charles
Willis, formerhEisenhower aide,
who married the daughter of tire
king Harvey Firestone; Doug
Whitlock, who helped arrange
President Eisenhower's inaugural
celebration for the Republican
National Committee; Wesley
Roberts, ex-Republican National
Chairman who was booted out
after an expose of his lobbying
activities in Kansas; Baron Con-
stantine Stackelberg, a Washing-*
ton socialite; Max Hamilton and
Pete Summers, who left David,
Charnay's public relations firm to
team up with John Roosevelt.
,e * *
THEY WANGLED juicy contracts
from Haiti's Acting Finance Min-
ister, Andre Theard, who com-
mitted a quarter of a million dol-
lars to pull strings for Haiti in
Washington. Actually, the Haitian'
Embassy's scholarly Minister
Counselor Samuel Devieux has
done more good for his govern-
ment in Washington than' all the
paid influence peddlers combined.
He has been quietly buttonholing
key congressmen and explaining
how Haiti could become a bulwark
against the communist and fascist
alignments that have been plagu-
ing Latin America.
(Copyright 1958 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

this possibility with members of
the Council, I saw immediately the
impracticality of my suggestion
and decided to strike this from my
letter to Joint Judie.
b) I said that if Joint Judic
should decide to take action, they
must question the validity of the
election of every candidate. Unless
some action is taken, I feel that
the elected peoplehave justhas
much right to a seat on the Coun-
cil as the ex-officio members.
c) I did not cite an investigation
as an alternate to a new election,
but rather I cited the possibility
of a new election as an alternate
to an investigation.
If there were to be a new elec-
tion because of a protest of mine,
I know that I would withdraw my
candidacy. But, because of the im-
practicality of another election, I
plan to withdraw my suggestion to
that effect.
I submit herewith a copy of the
letter which I am sending to Joint
Judic:
* * *
"IT IS MY feeling that during
the Student Government Council
Election held March 25 and 26,
1958, there existed an excessive
amount of accusations and evi-
dence of fraudulence.
1) There were a number of poll-
ing booths which were left com-
pletely unmanned before closing
time. These booths were left with
ballots remaining on the tables.
2) During the "Count Night"
procedure there appeared a num-
ber of ballots which showed evi-
dence of being "stuffed."
3) One polling booth (No. 11)
was manned predominantly by stu-
dents who- were closely connected
with a nllmber of the candidates.
These are some of the more
concrete incidents which are per-
tinent to this election. I believe
that were the entire election in-
vestigated, many more incidents
would be brought to light. If Joint
Judic should decide to take action,
it must question the validity of
the election of every candidate.
I suggest that Joint Judie in-
spect the ballots of all candidates
and that it look into the possibili-
ty of disqualifying any candidate
who is in violation."
-Stephen K. Bailie, '60
School Vote ..,
To the Editor:
MEMBERS of the university
community should be in-
formed about the millage election
in Ann Arbor this Monday, March
31, 7 a.m.-8 p.m. Local voters are
being asked to approve an average
increase of $24 in property taxes
to (1) maintain a ratio of thirty
students to a teacher in the class-
rooms!(2) to provide additional
rooms to allow for this ratio;
(3) to raise teachers' salaries
slightly to place them on a com-
petitive basis with neighboring
communities; and (4) to augment
the teaching staff in a few special
areas.
In view of general economic
conditions this year and the defeat
of a more ambitious millage pro-
posal last year, the School Board

has requested almost a minimum
program. In no fashion will it pro-
vide for "frills" or, on the other
hand, the dynamic and imagina-
tive educational program that is
needed.
All registered electors in this
community may vote for the oper-
ational millage, which will pro-
vide the additional teachers and
raise salaries. University members
with children in or about to enter
the Ann Arbor school system
should act on this matter because
it will vitally effect their educa-
tion. Other individuals who are
not personally interested but who
realize the importance of educa-
tion to the nation may wish to as-
sume the responsibility of citizen-
ship and vote.
Perhaps everyone should be
warned that the passage of the
millage resolution might provoke
landlords (but not the University)
to raise rents slightly. Despite this,
many of us are willing to make the
necessary sacrifice for such a sig-
nificant cause. Unfortunately, bus-
iness leaders and others in the
area are so opposed to this needed
tax increase that at the present
writing it appears doomed.
Only If the university commun-
ity-the faculty, the administra-
tion, and the student body-joins
with groups of interested parents
in voting favorably is there any
opportunity of reversing last
year's defeat.
-Michael . Adelstein, Grad.
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is a
Official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 pm. Friday
SUNDAY, MARCH 30, 195"
VOL. LXVIII, NO 131
General Notices
Al' students who expect education
and training allowance under Public
Law 550 (Korea G.I. Bill) or Public Law
634 (Orphans' Bill) must get Instruc-
tors' signatures at last class meetings
in March on Dean's Monthly Certifica-
tion form and turn the completed form
In to Dean's office by 5:00 p.m. Thurs.,
April 3.
Summary, action taken by Student
Government council at its meeting of
March 28, 1958.
Approved minutes of previous meet-
ing. amended.
Accepted the following report from
Count Director Maynard Goldman:
"The following people were elected to
Student Government Council in ca-
pus elections March 25', 26, 1958: to one
year terms-Scott G. Chrysler, David
Kessel, Jo Hardee, Mort Wise, Fred
Merrill, Roger Seasonwei; to 3z~ year
terms, Susanne Rockne, Lois Wurster.
However, due to the fact there is some
doubt as to the validity of some of
the ballots cast, ballots will be kept
under lock and key until such time as
the Joint Judiciary Council may look
-at them."
By concensus approved the writing of
a letter to Congressman Fred Schwengel
in support of H.R. 9414, a bill to,
amend the Internal Revenue Code of
1954 to provide an income tax deduc-
tion for certain expenses of attending
colleges and universities.
Approved motion providing that Stu-
dent Government Council direct the
Education and Student Welfare 'Com-
mittee to gather all examinations which
are released from the various depart-
ments in the Literary College and
compile them for use in an examina-
tion file.
It was reported that the Executive
Committee had granted temporary ap-
proval to the revised constitution of
Women's League, that the request for
final approval will come to the Coun-
cil at the meeting of April 2.
Granted permission to Armenian
Student Association to reactivate as
a student organization.
Approved NAACP program on April
17, subject to Lecture Committee sp -

proval of speaker. -
Defeated a motion providing that
Student Government Council send a
resolution to the Ann Arbor City
Council recommending that they con-
sider legal action prohibiting discrimi-
nation according to race, religion, or
national origin in Ann Arbor housing.
Approved motion directing the Elec-
tion Evaluation Committee to investi-
gate practices of the recent SGC elec-
tion procedure and of all subsidiary
counts, including placement and super-
vision of ballot boxes and their per-
sonnel, and to report on the investi-
gation, including possible recommen-
dations for changes at the meeting of
April 30.
President and Mrs. Hatcher will hold
open house for students at their home
Wed., April 2, from 4:00 to 6:00 p.m.
June graduates may now order their
caps and gowns at Moe's Sport Shop
on North University.
American Society for Public Admini-
stration: Social Seminar. "Budget Prob-

4.

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CONSIDER NEW LEVIES:
Legislators Examine State Tax Structure,

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(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following is
the second of two articles discuss-
ing Michigan financial situation and
it's relation to the University.)
By MICHAEL KRAFT
Daily Staff Writer
TrE University's annual battle
of the budget for more money
from the Legislature is only a
phase of the lawmakers' larger
war with a tax structure that can-
not yield revenue fast enough for
the state's growing demands.
Revenue experts predict the
state's deficit could amount to as
much as 45 million dollars under
the present financial setup.
With this threat before them,
and the fears of industry leaving
the state echoing behind every
plant's departure to "more favor-
able business climates," legislators
show no hesitation to chop budget
requests to fit the state's income.
This year, the Senate Appropria-
tions Committee pared more than
seven million dollars from the
University's operating request and
proposed an allocation of a flat
30 million dollars.
Continued action of this type
has led University President Har-
lan Hatcher to despairingly call
the tax structure "topsy turvey."
* * *
MEMBERS of the Legislature,
particularly Rep. Rollo G. Conlin,
chairman of the House Taxation

floor to "have it available on an
emergency basis."
The research director for the
Tax Study Committee, Prof. Har-
vey Brazer of the economics de-
partment, described the tax struc-
ture as "not very elastic, at least
in an upward direction" in pro-
viding revenues for the state's
increasing needs for higher edu-
cation, schools, hospitals, and
other services.
He said this is because the
structure rests on sources of in-
come that change "very slowly."
The largest single source of reve-
nue in Michigan is the three per
cent sales tax and this is based in
large part on such durable goods
as automobiles, sales of which
have not expanded too much, Prof.
Brazer pointed out.
* * *
FOR THE last two years, sales
tax receipts have been approxi-
mately 309 mpillion ,dollars. This
year they will again fall short of
original predictions and should
reach about 310 million dollars,
State Treasurer Sanford Brown
estimates.
Other state taxes have also pro-
vided little additional funds, in-
cluding the cigarette, beer and
liquor taxes, which are based on
a fairly constant consumption,
Prof. Brazer said.
He pointed out that in the

licence taxes which go directly to
the highway fund.
. The sales tax for example, is
split into three sections, with two-
thirds going to the school fund,
one-sixth returned to city, town-
ship and village governments, while
the estimated 52 million dollars
remaining finds its way to the
state's General Fund.
Bolstered by business activities,
corporation franchise taxes and
liquor profits, all of which are
based on "very slowly, growing"
sources of revenue, the General
Fund may reach about 266 mil-
lion dollars.
Not even all this, however, can
be doled out by the Legislature,
for the state must pay debt serv-
ices and match Federal grants for
public welfare, thus losing con-
trol over another 50 to 75 million
dollars, Prof. Brazer estimated.
* * *
FOCUSING on the taxes desig-
nated for specific purposes, he said
"the less earmarking and more
flexible the tax program is, the
better it is. There is no coincidence
between the amount of money re-
ceived from a tax and the needs
of the function it supports."
He looked warily at the hopes
sometimes expressed by University
officials that a special tax might
be used to support higher educa-
tion. "We of the University should

try to squeeze more revenue from
it, or adopt major new taxes and
revamp the structure drastically.
Changes might come through add-
ing new taxes to supplement or
replace older ones.
He declined to predict the study
committee's recommendations
while the reports are still being-;
compiled by the research teams,
which include nine faculty mem-
bers from the University, four
from Michigan State University,
four from the University of Detroit
and three from Wayne State Uni-
versity.
Prof. Brazer said, however, that
the personal and corporate income
,taxes are the only ones that the
states does not use, but which will
permit major revamping and more
revenue at the same time. Or, ex-
panding the sales tax to include
services such as haircuts and auto
repairs would bring the state an-
other 30 million dollars.
* * *
THE REPORT on the contro-
versial corporation profits tax will
be made public tomorrow at the
committee's hearings in Grand
Rapids. The personal income tax
report issued Jan. 28 called it
"more than any other single tax,
capable of distributing tax pay-
ments among individuals in, pro-
portion to their relative capacities
to contribute to the public fisc.

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