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March 07, 1958 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1958-03-07

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See Page 4


Sixty-Seven Years 'of Editorial Freedom












J.S. Explorer II Not in Orbit;
locket Tube Fails To Ignite

U.S. Challenges Red Proposa

Explorer II, the most advanced
United States Moon, \probably
burned to dust, in a plunge toward
earth, scientists decided yesterday.
itdefinitely did n ot _go into
T5 hey said a 40-inch rocket that
srS supysed to boost the satellite
togravity-defying speed failed to
igte and Explorer II behaved
ie any other surface-to-surface
Radios Working
poScientists ruled out any other
k pssib3ility such as a failure-of the
satellite's radios.
They said it was not known, why
Sthe automatic ignition system in
the last stage had failed after all
of the first three stages functioned
perfectly. It would be very difficult
to ever find the reason, they added.
Explorer II, six inches in diam-
eter and more than 6%' feet long,
probably plummete& ' into 'the
earth's atnoscphere some 1,900
miles from Cape Canaveral where
it was launched at 1:28 p.m. EST
Fuel Unburned
It carried with it the 40 pounds
of still unburned solid fuel in the
last-stage rocket.
Its own high speed and the fric-
tion of the earth's atmosphere
produced enormous heat and the
metal satellite died a fiery and
sudden death.
The statement, coming 24 hours
i after the four-stage satellite car-
iv Ri--ghts
LANSING ('M - Impassioned
oratory yesterday marked defea
of a move to force a :House vote
;.on a bill to put new teeth into
Michigan's civil rights law.
Rep, Louis C. Cramton; who at
82 Is the oldest member of the
lower chamber, bucked his Repub-
lican colleagues, in a fight remi-
,.iscent of his successful efforts
three years ago to push through
a bill setting up the Fair Employ-
ment Practices Commission.
This time he failed.
Lawmakers shouted and argued
for half an hour before Republi-
cans voted down a proposal to pull
the bill from the House State Af-
fairs Committee, which shelved
it last week.
Its author, speaker George M.
Van Peursem (R-Zeeland), led
q the move to kill it for good. He
said he did it in respect for the
committee system under which all
4-bills are first considered before
being rejected or reported to the
House floor for a vote of the full
members hip.
Later,' three Republicans who
sided with Cramton and the 46
voting Democrats on the issue,
returned to the GOP fold to turn
, down a similar move to relieve
the committee of further consid-
eration of Gov. G. Mennen W-
" ams' civil rights bill.
.Both measures would have
broadened powers of the Fair Em-
ployment Practices Commission
to include discrimination in pub-
lic housing, restaurants, hotels
and schools.
Williams' version also included
F'HA and Veterans Administration
housing and would have banned
discrimination by real estate
agents as well.
8y The Associated Press

KANSAS CITY - Secretary
James Mitchell of the Labor De-
partment said yesterday he be-
lieves published reports that un-
employment reached 5%/4 million
persons in February are too high.
He told a press conference he
believes it would not be much
above five million and that figure
-would be, the unemployment peak
in the current recession.
* * *
WASH1.NGTON-Dep. Secretary
of. Defense Donald Quarles says
the United States will not try to
beat the Russians to the air with
a nuclear-powered plane.

rying Jupiter-C rocket was
launched, Was made jointly by
Maj. Gen. John B. Medaris, Army
missile chief; William H. Picker-
ing, Jet Propulsion Laboratory
director, and J. E. Froehlich, satel-
lite director for JPL.
Cautious Report
Earlier, scientists at JPL, a divi-
sion of the California Institute of
Technology at Pasadena, Calif.,
had released a more cautious
statement. It concluded there was

"a great probability" that the
satellite did not orbit.
The later joint Army-JPL state-
ment said in part:
"Wednesday's firing of the sec-
ond Jupiter-C satellite vehicle did
not place the IGY-International
Geophysical Year-satellite in or-
bit. All available data collected at
the time of firing has been given
a complete preliminary examina-
tion and all other possibilities have
been ruled out."

Committee Still Gathers,
Information for Report
University President Harlan Hatcher's Calendar Study Committee
is still in the process of amassing information on Calendar programs,
according to secretary of the committee James D. Shortt of the Uni-
versity' Relations Office.
The committee hopes to have a report ready on general calendar-
ing principles shortly after spring vacation, Shortt said.
The report would be placed before the students and the faculty
to get reactions, Shortt continued. It would be educational both for
the University community and for the committee, as it learns how
people react to the ideas, Shortt said.
Two Interviews a Week
Right now the committee is still holding two interviews a week
with faculty and administration members, and compiling informa-
tion gathered from requests to 1,300 schools and colleges concerning
their calendar programs.
It is also looking into the requirements of various accrediting
agencies to see what they demand in amount of time spent for dif-
ferent courses.
After the statement of general calendaring principles are placed
before the Campus community, Shortt said, and it has had time to
react, the committee will begin to set-up a workable calendar program.
Better Facilities Utilization
One long-range goal -of the group is greater utilization of current
University facilities. One approach to this might be through an
academic program for the entire year.
A faculty committee at Michigan State University has recently
recommended approval of a full quarter system which would enable
students to take a full load during the summer and then receive a four
year degree in three years.

IHC Asks

Cowed Living
Study -Group
A motion passed last night by
Inter-House Council recommended
that a committee be esatblished by
Vice-President for Student Affairs
James A. Lewis to investigate the
continuance of co - educational
housing on the main campus.'
The motion cited the "apparent
success and student support of
present co-educational housing"
and the "administration's accept-
ance of the concept of co-educa-
tional housing on the North Cam-
It recommended that the com-
mittee include one representative
each from the Dean of Men's of-
fice, the Dean of Women's office,
Assembly Association and the
Inter-House Council.h
Designate Chairman
A representative from the ad-;
ministration, "preferably familiar
with the physical facilities of the
Residence' Halls," would serve as
The motion passed at the pre-
ceding IHC Presidium that the
residence halls have "open-open
houses" every Sunday afternoon
was referred to the executive com-
mittee of the Residence Halls.
This group will either act on the
matter itself or refer it to the
Board of Governors of Residence
Halls for action.
Discuss Color TV
The question of color television
sets in the individual houses or in
the quadrangles was also discussed.
The presidents said that the
initial cost and the repair of the
sets were two main drawbacks to
the idea.
The Business Office of the
Residence Halls bears part. of the
cost of the repairs of the black-
and-white sets. The cost of re-
pairs on color sets is likely to be
considerably more.
Missing Door
Back in Place
The front door was stolen early

Lab or Laws
To Increase,
Legislation in the field of labor-
management relations is likely to
increase, Prof. Edwin E. Witte of
Michigan State University said
Prof. Witte, opening the Uni-_
versity's -two-day Industrial Re-
lations Conference, said passage
of restrictive measures aimed at
labor unions is ,quite possible, but
added that strong attempts to
counteract these measures must
be expected.'
In the event unions cpnsider
new labor laws .:unf air, he ex-
plained, "look for a determined
effort to get It repealed, or more
smartly, a. strong campaign to
place further restrictions on in-
dustry and management.
Prof. Witte also applied this
cycle to the realm of government
intervention in industrial rela-
tions. "So long as the parties seek
to align governmiejnt on their side,
government , intervention will
grow," he. said. "Advantages
gined by one side invite efforts
by the other to offset them by
new restrictions."
Government intervention itself
Prof. Witte approved in most

... takes fifth
Tq -S
'M wim
Special to The Daily
IOWA CITY-The dogged de-
termination of Carl Woolley and
Pete Fries last night in the 1500-
meter freestyle enabled Michigan
to tie Michigan State as the 48th
Big Ten Championships opened
before a near-capacity crowd at
the Iowa pool.
The two teams are tied for first
place with seven points, followed
by Indiana with four, Illinois with
three, and Iowa with one. Points
are, awarded on a 7-5-4-3-2-1 basis
for the first six places.
State Star Wins
Michigan State's Bill Steuart
churned the 65 lengths 48'%" in
18:40.5 to win the 1500-meters, but
Woolley stayed within reach of
the Spartan swimmer for the en-
tire distance, to take an all-im-
portant second place with a time
of 18:50.
Fries swam the fastest time of
his career, 19:16.1, and finished
fifth, thus guaranteeing a tie for
Third place went to John Parks
of Indiana and fourth place to
Illinois' Lorin Whittaker. The race
between Parks and Whittaker was
the most exciting of the evening
as the two swimmers finished in
a virtual dead heat.
First Heat Slow
The "1500" was run in two trial
heats with place winners awarded
on a time basis. The winner of the
first heat, Richard Kennady of
Indiana had a slower time than
did Iowa's Earl Ellis, who finished
sixth in the second heat.
Michigan Coach Gus Stager was
See WOOLLEY, page 7
threatens Spit
With Nasser
TUNIS -) - President Habib
Bourguiba yesterday threatened to
break off relations with Egypt be-
cause a plot allegedly was master-
minded in Cairo to kill him.
He asserted his independence of
easter Arab leadership, and de-
clared his own plan to unite the
western Arabs of Tunisia, Algeria
and Morocco was making progress.

Sptelal to The Daily
GRAND RAPIDS-Plans are go-
ing ahead-behind closed doors-
for the University's expansion into
this city.
President Harlan Hatcher told
an alumni meeting here yesterday
the University "will continue to
work closely with the Grand Rap-
ids Board of Education and other
interested groups"' to meet the
educational needs of the Western
Michigan area.
However, he added "it would be
premature . . . to announce any
specific program.. . at this time."
The University's interest in the
Grand Rapids area was revealed
last May when the Board of
Regents authorized President
Hatcher to begin steps toward
purchasing Calvin College and
establishing a medical school
Last week Michigan State Uni-
versity took a major step toward
establishment of a four - year
branch college near the city.
The State Board of Agriculture,
MSU governing body, approved the
future use of the 100-acre Graham
Experiment Station, just west of
Grand Rapids, as a site.
No Senator
In FCC Probe
WASHINGTON P)-Speaker of
the House Sam Rayburn (D-Tex.)
turned thumbs down yesterday on
asking senators to appear before
a House subcommittee looking in-
to Federal Communications Com-
Rayburn gave his views to news-
men a few hours before Thurman
A. Whiteside, a key figure in the
inquiry, was to deliver to a fed-
eral grand jury the records of his
financial dealings with forced-out
FCC Commissioner Richard A.
Rayburn firmly backed the
stand taken by Rep. Harris (D-
Ark.), chairman of the House sub-
committee on Legislative Over-
sight, that a House group has no
business inviting senators to testi-
"We're not going to ask them
to come over here and if I were
the senators I wouldn't come
voluntarily," Rep. Rayburn said.
"If a Senate committee asked me1
to go over there I would tell them
to go dig potatoes deep."
d Rep. C. Wolverton (R-N.J.), a
subcommittee member, has sug-
gested that Sens. Estes Kefauver
(D'Tenn.), S. L. Holland (D-Fla.)
and George Smathers (D-Fla.) be
invited to answer charges they
conspired - unsuccessfully -
against the award of a Miami TV
license to a National Airlines sub-

IFC Starts Scholarship;
Fines Two Fraternities
Two fraternity houses were fined and a scholarship fund was
established last night by the Executive Committee of the Interfra-
ternity Council.
Phi Delta Theta was fined $50 with $25 suspended for holding a
dinner during the first week of rushing this spring.
IFC regulations prohibit this and allow a maximum penalty of a
$500 fine and denial of rushing privileges to be assessed.
The fine was small, Mal Cumming, '58, IFC executive vice presi-
dent, explained, because the fraternity admitted the dinner and
pleaded ignorance of the regula---
tion. The committee also fined
Sigma Nu for initiating a man'
who was carrying less .than 11
credit hours in the University. The J
fine was $25 with $10,suspended.B
IFC regulations required a man
to be carrying at least 11 hours at
the time of his initiation.
Reported Violation On Discounts
Again Cumming explainers the
fine was light because it was not
an intentional violation by the WASHINGTON M P)-The Fed-
house and because they reported eral Reserve Board approved new
the violation themselves. credit-easing reductions in dis-
Sigma Nu president James countrates yesterday, while moves
Champion, '59, said, "We made multiplied in Congress to combat
every effort to determine the exact the current business recession.
ruling before initiating the man." The board gave its approval to
The committee also recommend- a reduction in the discount rates
ed the adoption of a scholarship of the New York, Philadelphia and
fund plan by the Fraternity Presi- Chicago Federal Reserve banks
dents Assembly. from two and three-fourths -to two
Need Basis and one-fourth per cent.
The scholarship, paying the re- The discount rate is the interest
ceiver $100, would be administered charge that member banks pay to
on the basis of need, scholastic borrow from the Federal Reserve
achievement and extracurricular system. A board spokesman saiI
activities. It would emphasize need. the reduction was approved "to
The committee also tabled a make credit conditions still more
petition from Tau Epsilon Phi's favorable to recovery."
national fraternity to reactivate A cut in the Federal Reserve
its chapter at the University.Y rate has a tendency to reduce
Speaking for the fraternity, Sid- intrest rates generally. This was
ney Suntag, TEP national execu- the second cut in the discount rate
tive secretarr said the statistics this year and the third since
showed not only room for another November when the recession be-
Jewish fraternity on campus but a came apparent.
"genuine need for one." The reduction will be effective
'Support Expected in New York, Philadelphia and
He said, the national fraternity Chicago today. Others of the 12
was prepared to spend "a con- Federal Reserve districts may be
siderable sum of money" in re- expected to duplicate the reduc-
establishing the house on campus. .tion shortly.
The motion to table the petition
came from William Cross, assist-L
ant dean of men for fraternities, Ex S d e
who said he wanted time to con-
sider the petition and discuss it To Partici ate
with presidents of the seven Jewishi
fraternities now on campus. F
At the last Executive Committee In or rtr
meeting these presidents werer
unanimously against letting an- Three former University stu-
other Jewish fraternity house come dents will serve as guides at the
to the University. Brussels World's Fair April 17
through October 19.
Betty Lou Anderson, '59 Eleanor
Cu an RebelBeebe, '55, and Eugene Gray, '59E,
were selected from more than 120
Battle Troops finalists from all over the state,
B au e Tr ops Vice President for Student Affairs
James A. Lewis announced yes-
HAVANA (P) -Rebels battled terday.
army troops for four hours yes-. Lewis also announced that
terday in Oriente Province and Nancy K. Greenhoe, Grad., was
were reported operating a second chosen as an alternate.
front in central Cuba. Requirements for positions as
The action came as President guides are fluency in French and
Fulgencio Batista gave a new, 22 one other language, good char-
member Cabinet the job of restor- acter, pleasing personality, and
ing order for the general election American citizenship cleared

a .

ts Decisive Conferenc
Ad by Ministers' Meetin

Claim Soviewt
Too Limited
Bulganin Writes U.S.
Menshikov Urges
Friendship Treaty
States challenged Russia yeste
day to demonstrate 4t wants'
decision-making summit confe
ence instead of a "spectacle."
It called on the Soviets to c
this by agreeing to an adequa
foreign ministers' meeting to pa
the way for the session of t
In a bluntly worded note, t0
State Department rejected a Sovi
proposal that an April foreig
ministers meeting be "'strict:
limited" to drafting an agend
and deciding the time and place
the parley.
;Made Public
The American turndown w
fade public near the end of a d
of fast-moving diplomatic manet
vering which included:
1) A new letter by Soviet Pr
mier Bulganin backing up ti
Kremlin's demand for a heads-o:
government conference "in ti
nearest future."
2) A formal address by Mikha
Menshikov, new Soviet ambass
dor, calling a summit meeting "t
most important step today" ft
easing dangerous tensions.
Menshileov also urged a Sovie
American friendship ,treaty, mo
cultural exchanges and eiminatic
of "artificial barriers and discrim
nation" which limit trade oit
3) Publication by the State e
partment of Russia's Feb. 28 di
lomatic note whicfi proposed eitki
a 29-nation foreign ministers me
a 29-nation foreign ministe:
meeting or an il-country confe:
ence 'to day the groundwork fA
the later summit parley.
This suggested an 11-po
agenda including "conclusion of
German peace treaty" but turn
down any talk of German unifica
tion and conditions in Red-rulE
East Europe.
The new United States' no
called for the Kremlin to ala
"substantive preparatory wo
before a summit meeting, eith
by foreign ministers or via dipl4
matic channels.
It said Russi's conditions for
presummit conference "fall sho3
of what would be required" if
summit conference is to reduce n
ternational tensions.n
The note posed this questionf
Soviet leaders to answer: "Whi
is the purpose "for which a sin
mit meeting would be held? Is t1t
purpose merely to stage 'a sp
tacle?. Or is the purpose to ,ta
meaningful decisions?"
union Senate
Vote Favors
Amite btons
A straw vote at the Union ei
ate meeting last night reveal
that only one member of the
present 'favored conitinuance.+
the senate in its present form.
The meeting, which was cale
to evaluate the senate and fu
nish Union senior officers wi
opinions on the senate's val,
failed to have a quorum of the
members and operated from
committee of the whole.

Discussion ranged from Pro
cedural difficulties of the senai
to student apathy. one suggestic
for revamping the senate was
give it a vote on Student Goverr
ment Council in order to give ti
members a feeling of havli
"powre to accomplish somethir
The .senate was formed by t1
Union to furnish a vehicle ,f
.'.' -n4,av lip ni'n + jtan +ut(


June 1.


Sputnik Focuses Attention on Colleges,

Launching of Sputnik I focused attention on America's higher edu-
cation institutions and has produced the fear that too many students
are dropping out of college.
Figures compiled by the United States Office of Education, which
tend to support this belief, indicate that fewer than 40 per cent of
college students graduate from institutions where they originally en-
A special study of the University trend conducted by Edward G.
Groesbeck, Director of Registration and Records, shows, however,
that 65 per cent of the freshmen
entering in 1958-59 have graduat- per cent of students who graduate
ed from the University. after originally attending other
"I don't know of another pub- state supported schools, he re-
lic institution in the country with marked.
a better record," Groesbeck said. Groesbeck pointed out that the
M .w._ 'w - A T....... ... .A ..,-. i. a -,

cial and social problems of stu-
* The main reasons for male col-
lege student dropouts across the
nation, the Office of Education
report shows, is due to perform-
ance of military obligations, per-
sonal financial problems, and lack
of interest in studies.
At the University, the most fre-
quent cause forcing students to
quit, Groesbeck said, centers
around financial problems.,
Critics have hit this country's
school system on grounds that it
fails to accommodate intellectual-
ly gifted students.

LIrop Outs
that "they point to the failure of
colleges to provide opportunities
for satisfactory academic and per-
sonal adjustment."
Speaking of the four out of ten
students who don't finish college,
Lawrence G. Derthick, education
commissioner, said, this is a "dis-
tressing waste of talent."
Stock Running Low
He contended the stock of 18
year olds in our present popula-
tion is runnin gat a low ebb and
that these are the potential lead-
ers 20 to 25 years from now.
Although dropouts -describe "the
physical facilities of colleges as
arf a +nrv 4,a ..an.nrf Laid +., a

through the bae eprmni
All three were required to drop
their studies at the University this
semester and next in order to take
part in the trip.
Their major responsibility will
be guiding visitors through the
American exhibit, an eight hour, a
day job conducted in four hour
The Fair Commission is paying
salaries of $1 0 per month, and
room and board and expenses to
and from Brussels will be paid by

Hess To Give
Piano. Concert


Dame Myra Hess, British pian-
ist, will present the ninth concert
in the Choral Union Series at 8:30
p.m. tomorrow in Hill Auditorium.
She will begin her concert with

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