"What's The Latest On Getting In From Outer Space?"
ELg Li ir gatBatiy
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
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hen Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
CHORAL UNION SERIES
SUNDAY EVENING the University Musical Society presented the
Chicago Symphony Orchestra under the direction of Fritz Reiner.
This, the eighth concert of the Choral Union series, consisted of music
from four periods: Classic, Romantic, Impressionistic and Mooern.
These selections provided a challenge which resulted in a convincing
and thorough performance.
The program commenced with the overture to, the comic
opera Beatrice and Benedict by Hector Berlioz. Fritz Reiner pre-
sented a refined reading of this richly orchestrated score. Demon-
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This us t be noted in all reprints.
UESDAY, MARC# 4,1958 NIGHT EDITOR: JOHN WEICHER
The New Deal's
LL AT ONCE it appeared as though the
Democratic Party, which, had thwarted the
orces of radicalism under Cleveland and had
hanneled those forces constructively under
Vilson, had been engulfed by the oddest assort-
nent of the politically unwashed since the
ackwoodsmen who stormed Jackson's inau-
ural ball. They were high-minded social work-,
rs, unemployed politicians, chalk-covered pro-
essors, bright young lawyers, but many of them
alked like Populists, Greenbackers, Socialists,
Bonus marchers, and in a "hundred days" both
hey and their enemies were convinced they
iad remade the nation. It was feverish; it was
nakeshift; it was contradictory; it was "plan-
aing" without a plan, and some said it was in-
ane, but somehow the nation which had re-
erved what little capacity for humor it had
>een able to retain for the shy, stocky man
with the starched collar around his neck, who
ept insisting until no one but he believed it,
hat all that the country needed was a restora-
ion of basic confidence, somehow that nation
ook heart when the spry, cocky man with the
teel brace around his legs assured them that
heir only real fear was "fear itself."
It was frankly an experiment, or rather a
housand experiments, made at a time when
onsistent, well-considered plans were unavail-
ble and when imaginative, but most of all
requent experimentation-sometimes cautious,
ometimes reckless-were all that would satisfy
he. national yearning for action. The New Deal
was a blending of many philosophies and eco-
iomlc theories-that competition was the life-
blood of American calbitalism, that "excessive"
ompetition was wasteful of badly needed re-
ources, that tariffs represented a subsidy to
me segment of the economy to the detriment
)f the whole,.that farm price supports repre-
sented a subsidy to one segment to the benefit
)f the whole, that monopolists and "economic
oyalists" had a stranglehold on the economy,
hat labor unions must be given power to equal
bhat of the capitalists, that government should
et an example of wise economic management
Ind' elimination of waste, that unbalanced
mdgets were essential to the health of a de-
ri ssed economy.
:But the activity, the energy, the chaos-how-
iver undirected or misdirected some of it may'
have been--served to inspire a nation in which
the most characteristic activity had long ago
left the factories and entered the soup kitchens.
THE GREATEST IRONY of the era was that
those who stood to gain most in prosperity,
those who had lost most in the Great Depres-
sion because they had the most to lose, were
those who posed most vehemently the best-
conceived means of restoring prosperity-the
unbalanced budget. The New Deal was ruth-
lessly partisan in its ultimate anti-big business,
pro-labor philosophy and in many of its legisla-
tive measures. But its key feature, the attempt
to restore a high level of economic activity,
albeit in the name of full employment of labor,
were national in their effects, for the prosperity
which was the goal of so many attempts to
bolster demand was to be a general prosperity
-not a gain to labor or the unemployed at the
expense of capital;-just as the Depression had
been a general one. The New Deal was a
genuine and successful effort to save capitalism
at a time when a million American voters re-
jected it, and only through a shocking rigidity
of mind did the princes of capitalism fight it
with all the bitterness at their command.
THAT THE Eisenhower Administration has
seen fit to expand and nurture many New
Deal projects, to anticipate the use of those
most controversial of anti-depression weapons,
public'works and an unbalanced budget; that a
national magazine, after castigating the Demo-
crats during the 1952 election campaign, de-
voted considerable space.in a post-election issue
to describing- hpw "depression-proof" the eco-
nomy had become due , to the uncredited
changes of the previous twenty years; that New
Republicanism differs less from New Dealism
than from Old Republicanism; this is the
greatest irony of the aftermath.
Twenty-five years later this wave of social
revolution, the New Deal, has in fact become
"old hat," and the generation which has yet
to face its "rendevous with destiny"can only
be impressed with the, extent to which even
the bitterest of those princes of capitalism and
their spokesmen and heirs now embrace, albeit
backhandedly, as basic features of American
capitalism, so many of the basic reforms and
means to recovery initiated by "that man" and
his dedicated band of cynics and idealists.
6)i95'$ 'ri4G a.Axtt~6r~t~OAiposr 4-,.
THE CULTURE BIT:
Hanging Time at the Union
By DAVID NEWMAN
strating a high degree of fines
a reserved (almost overly so)
The Symphony No. 36, K. 425,
by Mozart is an able representa-
tive of the Classic period. The
music of this period presents a
formidable challenge to any en-
semble. Clarity is a necessity. It
received that type of reading. The
group played with impeccable dy-
namics and balance.
The second and final move-
ments fared especially well with
delicate phrasing. Dynamics were
restrained with loud passages
never becoming overbearing. The
tempo of the first movement and
the minuet seemed slightly on the
. The Spanish Rhapsody by
Maurice Ravel ended the first sec-
tion. Orchestrated similarly to the
Berlioz, this suite received a col-
orful and at times exciting per-
formance. This and the Prokofieff
contained numerous callenging
solo passages which were played
in a manner ably demonstrating
the superior quality of this group.
Much' of the strength of this
music lies in its rich orchestration.
The craftsmanship is superior,
but here, as in other works by
this composer, we find a lack of
satisfying melodic material. Also,
one wonders why the loud pas-
sages in this selection were played
in such a different manner than
similar ones in the opening work,
THE SYMPHONY No. 5 by
Serge .Prokofieff is a daring,
thought-provoking work. It begins
with a rather slow, unpretentious
movement. The second movement
is dominated by martial-sounding
melodies. Here we find the biting
sarcasm which is Prokofieff's
trademark. Much of the material
probably would seem trite in the
hands of other composers but
here it is fresh and satisfying.
The third movement returns to
the mood of the first movement,
moves to a.tragic climax and then
a sudden calm. The finale moves
forward briskly, with a reserved
air of optimism, to a surprising
climax of dissonance. Fritz Reiner
conducted this composition, a
worthy representative of a rather
enigmatic composer, in an accur-
ate and stimulating manner.
The Chicago Symphony Or-
chestra is a highly polished en-
semble capable of truly fine work.
Precision was a by-word of this
performance hampered only by
the question of dynamics in the
opening number and tempo in the
R USSIA'S Nikita Khrushchev
offered the world a tranquiliz-
er last week-and a new warning.
"All we want is peace," Khrush-
chev claimed while marking the
Red Army's 40th anniversary, but
he again declared Soviet forces
are being supplied with "the most
terrifying weapons of all times ...
such weapons as have never ex-
On the same day; the Soviets
set off their 27th nuclear blast.
Undergraduate Reading Habit
the orchestra responded with
THE CONFERENCE held last week on "the
undergraduate reading habit" pointed out
a disturbing fact that students don't read
enough. Some statistics were cited in sup-
port, and, -although they might have been a
little less confusing, they showed the under-
grads did very little "free reading."
The phrase is perhaps a misnomer, but es-
sentially "free reading" means that students
read what they want to, without the com-
pulsion of, class assignments. The professors,
liberarians and others interested all agreed stu-
dents didn't do enough free reading.
One survey showed that approximately 94
per cent of the reading college students do is
connected with classwork. This means the av-
erage student spends no more than an hour a
week reading books of his own choice.
Of the people who submitted papers to the
conference, several-notably including Prof.
Robert Angell of the sociology department-
several were familiar with the University.
Some of the suggestions for improving the
undergrad's reading habit that came out of
the conference were: more extensive honors
courses, improvement of honor student status,
increased association with faculty, better fac-
ulty, more suggestion of books in class, in-
creased book buying, and-at least for the so-
cial scionces-increased emphasis on fiction,
and better writing of non-fiction.
ALL OF THESE IDEAS are sound, we think,
and could be applied with more or less suc-
cess at the University. We would, however, like
to quarrel with the validity of the 'statistics.
As nearly as we could gather, any statistics on
bookreading were based on books withdrawn
from the college library. This assumes that a
negligible amount of "free reading" books are
bought at campus bookstores, an assumption
we will grant. But what we are not willing to
grant is that there Is an intellectual hiatus
from the time students leave campus in June
until they return in the fall.
It is in the summer, we think, that the ma-
jority of students who do any reading, and
who are ever going to do any reading, read.
PETER ECKSTEIN, Editor
This is in spite of the fact that reading dur-
ing summer vacation is a "busman's holi-
day" and, for good reasons, summer is the
generally accepted season for light reading.
Howeverr we would be willing to bet that
light summer reading for many students in-
cluded "The Republic," "The Brothers Kara-
mazov," and much important recent writing.
But when conscientious students come back to
school and are run through the statistical
wringer they emerge as students who don't
Why don't they? We would say three things:
students don't have enough time because of
challenging courses, extra-curricular activi-
ties, and over-emphasis on grades.
Obviously, nothing should be done about
challenging courses, the main' reason for a
school's existance. Extra-curricular activities,
although their value in relation to time spent
is debatable, are here to stay at the Univer-
sity. The emphasis on grades is a big, although
unnoticed factor 'in explaining the absence
of "free reading." Any student, especially the
most conscientious, will often spend extra hours
on his courses learning minute details "cold"
because of the emphasis on grades. Without
this emphasis, he very easily might spend more
of his time reading in other books-"free read-
ring" in the best sense of the word.
IF IT IS UNREALISTIC to assume that the
more conscientious student has or is likely
to have any free time, and we think it is un-
realistic, then we think the best answer to the
problem of "free reading" is to provide a Uni-
versity course that embodies the ideas of "free
Briefly, such a course would have students
selecting their own books, discussing them with
faculty members and, reporting on all the
Anyone obnoxious enough to say that making
"free reading" part of the curriculum would
not make it flee any more hasn't realized that
free reading only means that the student
chooses his own books not that they read them
in a University course. To the person who feels
that the concept of "free reading" does not
have enough merit to warrant inclusion in
the University curriculum, we would point out,
by analogy, that it is better to know one al-
gebra formula than a hundred answers. To
the person/who can see that "free reading" in
some form is a necessary and vital part of
education which the American educational sys-
tem has shunted to the side, we would point
out some additional features of this plan.
* -4+ -. ,_ _- vi..ln r+a no c- . -A.I
IT ALL BEGAN in a very busi-
nesslike way. Genial Stu Frank,
Union House- Committee Chair-
man and coordinator of their
Union Art Contest, invited us over
to the Union Conference Room to
watch the art exhibit being hung.
So we went,' eager to learn the
subtle nuances of hanging pic-
We arrived at three, and fought
our way through last-minute con-
testants blocking the hallway.
There are at least 70 works of
art entered this year, and every
piece is put op display in th 3rd
Floor Conference Room. Frank
greeted us. "We're not ready to
hang them yet," he said. "We've
got to wait for Ray Cato. He's a
guy from Arch. School who is su-
pervising the hanging. Should be
here any minute."
* * *
WHILE WAITING, Frank and
his assistant, Noel Lippman, gave
us a few details on the show. It
will be up until March 7, includes
work in four categories: oil,
water-color and pastel, sculpture
and ceramics, and drawings. Win-
ners will receive prizes. Contes-
tant's names are not revealed un-
til after judging. And like that.
"When are you going to hang
them?" we asked, noting that it
was now three-thirty.
"Soon as Cato gets here," said
Lippman. "He should be here any
While waiting, Frank told us
that the Union may sponsor a
Creative Arts week next year;. a
week which will include a famous
speaker, student drama, music,
art, films, modern dance and
such. "It sounds great," we said.
"When will Cato get here?"
"Soon," said Frank, and he
went off to herd a group of Union
tryouts. He directed them to begin
carting the art into the exhibit
room. Sweating under large can-
vases -and heavy sculpture, they
began their trek. "Next year, we
ought. to have a size limit!"
moaned one, struggling with a
We looked at our watch. It was
four o'clock. "The show was very
successful last year," someone be-
gan telling us. "Actually, the fac-
ulty and townspeople seemed
more interested than the students,
though." We bandied this" idea
around for another -ten minutes.
We sat down by a phone and
called a few people, chatted about
the weather till four-thirty.
By this time, waiting for Cato
was taking on all the aspects of
waiting for Godot.
* * *
WITH ONLY THE curses of the
laboring tryouts to disturb us,
we fe 1 asleep until a quarter to
five.,/ Suddenly we were awak-
ened. "Cato's here!" soiebody
screamed. It was an unforgettable
Cato -was, indeed, on the scene.
A sophomore in A & D, he gave
us his views on hanging an art
show. We rubbed the sleep from
our eyes and took notes. "The
show should be a beautiful compo-
sition as a whole, not just a mass
of paintings. You need an all-over
pleasing design," he explained.
"If you do it wrong, it's like
taking a handful of silverware
and tossing it in the drawer, rath-
er than putting the knife where
the knives belong and the fork
where the forks belong. But of
course," he shrugged, "we have
limited space here."
Chuckling at the large turnout
of entries, Frank, Lippman and
Cato led the way into the exhibit
room. Piles of paintings were
stacked on chairs. A maze of peg
boards stood in the center of the
room. Van Gogh reproductions
graced the walls.
"Take down the Van Goghs,"
said someone. "They'll win the
"No, I'll put my name on 'em,"
"You going to hang the paint-
ings?" we asked.
"I'll tell you one problem," Cato
offered. "One problem is deciding
which is top and which is bottom
on some of these pictures."
A tryout dashed into the room
with a paper bag. "I've got the
hooks!" he cried happily.
Hooks! It looked like we were
going to hang the paintings. It
was now five-thirty.
t* * *
"Let's hang the oils," said Lipp-
"Yeah, hang the oils," agreed a
"Okay, let's leave the oils till
last," said Frank.
At six o'clock, as we left for
dinner, the first drawing was be-
ing hooked to the board. It was a
very good drawing. A lot of the
pictures were very good. We in-
tend to go back and look at them
during the exhibit. They will no
doubt be hanging by then.
(Copyright 1958 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room '3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday,.
TUESDAY, MARCH 4, 1955
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 108
President and Mrs. Hatcher will hold
open house for students at their home,
Wed., March 5, from 4:00 to 6:00 p.m.
Science Research Club,'March meet-
ing will be held in the Rackham Am.
phitheatre at'7:30 p.m. on Tues., March
4. Program: "Problems of Reef Fish
Biology," John Bardch, Fisheries and
"Elementary Particles," Donald Gaser
Physics. Dues for 1957-58 accepted aft-
er 7:10 p.m.
Scholarships, College of Literature
Science, and the Arts:
Applications for scholarships for the
academic year 1958-59 are now available
in Room 1220 Angel Hall. All applica-
tions must be returned to that office
by March 14, 1958. Applicants must
have had at least one semester of resi-
dence in this College.
Readings by Members of the English
Department. Asst. Prof. Alexander W.
Allison will read "Poets on Woman-
kind" on Wed., March 5, at 4:10 pm.
in Aud. A, Angell Hall. All interested
Films: Walt Disney's "Beaver valley"
and "Seal Island," Wed., March 5, 7:13
p.m., East Quad dining room No. 4,
South Entrance. Public invited.
Stanley Quartet, Gilbert Ross, first
violin, Gustave Rosseels, second violin,
Robert Courte, viola, and Oliver Edel,
cello, will perform the first program
in the Spring Series at 8:30 p.m. Tues.,
lkarch 4, in Rackham Lecture Hall.
The program will include Haydn's
Quartet in E flat Major, Op. 33, No. 2,
Webern's Five Movements for String
Quartet, Op. 5, and Brahms "Quartet
in B flat Major, Op. 67. General pub-
lic will be admitted without charg.
University Choir Concert, 8:30 Wed-
nesday, March 12, in 'Hill Auditorium,
instead of Friday, March 14, as incor-
rectly listed on student recital of Janu-
Chamber Music Program Postponed.
The program of chamber music pre-
viously announced for Wednesday,
March 5, in Auditorium A, Angell Hall,
has been postponed until Wednesday.
The Philosophy 31b (Mr. Copi's lec-
ture) make-up examination will be
given on Wed., March 5 at 1:00 p.m.
in Room 2208'Angell Hall.
Instrumentation Engineering Seminar
will be held on Tues., March 4 at 4:00
p.m. in room 1508 E. Engineering Bldg.
Professor Donald T. -Greenwood will
speak on "The Solution of Partial Dif-
ferential Equations by Passive Net-
work Analog Computers."
German Make-up Examinations will
be held Saturday, March 8, from 10 to
12 a.m. in Room 1076 Frieze Building.
Please register with the departmental
secretary by Friday noon, March 7.
Doctoral Examination for Peter G.
Nordlie, Social Psychology; thesis: "A
Longitudinal Study of Interpersonal
Attraction in a Natural Group Setting,"
Wednesday, March5, 6625 Haven Hall,
at 2:00 p.m. Chairman, T. M. Newcomb.
Representatives from the following
will be at the Bureau of Appointments:
Thurs., March 6
Argus Cameras, Division of Sylvania
-lectric Products, Inc., Ann Arbor,
Mich., Men with BA or MA in liberal
arts or anyne interested in industrial
State YMCA's of Michigan, Lansing,
Mich., Men with BA or MA in sociology,
psychology, physical education, counsel-
ing and guidance, philosophy and so-
cial work for work for business secre-
tary. Women with degrees in sociology,
psychology, physical.education, coun-
seling and guidance, philosophy, or so-
cial work for youth program work,
adult program, health and physical ed-
ucation program, armed services and
also as business secretaries, public re-
lations directors, membership secre-
taries, and metropolitan associate ei-
New York Life Insurance Co., Dear-
born, Mich. Men with degrees in lib-
eral arts or business administration for
salesrand sales management.
Bureau of the Budgei, Washington,
D.C., Men with any degree in public
administration, conservation, econom-
ics or social sciences for analytical staff
work. Men with BBA or MBA for ac-
counting, financial management, fis-
cal economics, or cost analysis and an-
alytical staff work. Men with LLB or 2
years of law for analytical staft work.
The Kroger Company, Detroit,' Mich.
Men with BA or MA in liberal arts,
BBA or MBA or LLB for marketing,
general business, accounting and ware-
th - - aanti.,.s. ...,....4..i.n , erfl.'t,*
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Movie Ban Protested, Censorship Defended,
A Distinction. .
To the Editor:
REALIZE that this "letter to
the Editor" is not aimed at criti-
cism of on-campus activities or
institutions, but I felt that The
Michigan Daily would be the
proper medium in which to get my
comments across to the majority
of people who are to be affected
by the ban of "Time for Desire."
The big taboo seems to be that
the sex involved in the theme of
homosexuality is too frank for
and consequently too disturbing to
the audience. Criteria is ". . . how
much flesh is visible," rather than
". . how contributive to the
theme is this overt nakedness." No
mention is made of the story
which is very natural in its treat-
ment of a' topic seldom discussed
by public entertainment devices.
Sex is not played up in an
abnormal manner, for the entire
situation is treated on the broader
perspective of the emotional re-
sponses of the two sisters, the
reasons for their attachment, the
attitudes of the family and com-
munity, and a rather good char-
acter study of two or three other
individuals in the story. Humor,
too, is given its niche in this
hardly worthwhile even on the
lowest scale of degeneration and
which tend to draw the gap be-
tween "just plain sex" and "sex
entertainment" closer together un-
til, as far as values are concerned,
one is the other!
-Jerry Zahler, '60
To the Editor:
TIME OF DESIRE" is a less
valuable movie than "The Last
Bridge." Nevertheless, I am in
agreement with the Swedes who
do not bowdlerize their sex. Middle-
class moralists, however, always
confuse nudity with sex, the two
being synonymous according to an
antiquated morality which, for the
sake of God, country and the
purity of children's minds, con-
demns trivial, harmless pleasures
while condoning the enormous
build-up of armaments for a sui-
The American bowdlerization of
sex often has curious results, as
can be seen in some of the chas-
tity-belt-regulations of this Uni-
versity: girls are prevented from
wearing their Bermuda shorts to
classes; petting in the halls of
Stockwell has been irohibited;
of the Roman Empire? Too many
American seem to think that those
pleasures which are forbidden are
the most enjoyable.
-Eugene S. Rapi, '58
To the Editor:
A FEW RADICALS have always
attacked censorship. While the
recent editorial in The Daily was
not a strong attack, it bears
watching and comment. The de-
rogatory mention of "self-ap-
pointed 'guardians of the public
morality' ... dictate . . "shows an
immature understanding of the
America is a complex society.
Its facets are multitudinous. This
is common knowledge on the
scientific side of our culture and
leads logically enough to speciali-
zation of and in the various fields.
- However, there are a few, cen-
sorship radicals included, who do
not follow the adaptation of this
rational system into the social side
of our culture. This side is as
complicated as the scientific. There
are fields, complex themselves, of
religion, philosophy, anthropology,
psychology, etc. So, our civilization
has specialists in whom its col-
thing, he might not recognize sub-
It is true that the specialists,
the censors here, cannot know
everyone personally, but still the
knowledge they possess overcom-
pensates for this.
Therefore, the solution is simple:
delegate the problem of choice
(decision) *to the specialists. Any
dissenters of this (censorship radi-
cals) are clearly detering Progress
merely for principle.
Don't you worry, we will take
care of you.
-Omar DeWitt, '59
Suggestion . .
To the Editor:
T HIS LETTER has been prompt-
ed by the uniformly excellent
concert executed here last Sunday
night by the distinguished orches-
tra of Chicago under its com-
mander, Dr. Fritz Reiner.
If one compares programs, it
may be learned that the Detroit
Symphony Orchestra has appeared
in Ann Arbor 43 times previous to
their fiasco of last month, while
the Chicago Symphony only 19
times (exclusive of May Festivals)
prior to Sunday's triumph.
It is my sincere hope that this
JAMES ELSMAN, AR.