Tew Deal Ofered'Forgotten Ma
By MICHAEL KRAFT Pre New-Deal attitudes were emphasized by Prof. Harold Wilensky people for some sort of salvation. The de
~ ""of the sociology department. In the newly published book "Industrial mind" and the New Deal was a product
nation and 25 years ago today, Franklin d. Roosevelt began Society and Social Welfare" which he co-authored with Prof. Charles The result, Prof. Levinson said, is t
ni slogan into a legislative program. N. Lebeaux of Wayne State University's School of Social Work, he effect has been on underlying philoso
his inaugural address on the afternoon of March 4, 1933, declares "most Americans have long seen child labor and the inse- provisions. Yet "A good deal of New D
t Roosevelt declared "We must act quickly." A few hours curities of unemployment and old age as evils. mentally well thought outphilosophy
d' mmoned Democratic congressional leaders to determine a "But the historic policy of American governments In all major nhat "something ought to be done."
an extra session of the new Congress. depressions before 1929 was laissez faire. Only later, did it develop into a lib
'as a time when the nation, after nearly three years of depres- No Pnli a of t 'earrt T' - --- New Deal 'esspfR
pression produced a
hat the New Deal's
phies rather than :
eal was not so muw
s much as it was
eral philosophy, he
sion, hoped to loosen pinched belts. In Ann Arbor, the local barbers
cut the price of haircuts to 35 cents 'after students threatened to do
their own trimming. The Regents had just granted a 60-day mOra-
torium for students unable to meet notes coveting their tuition costs.
Faculty Were Undergrads
-Many of the faculty members were undergraduates, others were
in the initial stages of their teaching careers. Reflecting upon the
New Deal a quarter century after its birth, they emphasize its effects
on today's economic and poitical philosophy.
"The New Deal gave a tremendous impetus to the whole concept
of a welfare state, and a feeling that government should accept the
obligation of trying to eliminate some of the worst features of a
capitalistic society," Prof. Joseph Kallenbach of the political science
Government Now Responsible in Economics
The government as conceived now has a responsibilty to maintain
the economic welfare of the society, he observed.
".. no industrialized country today has adopted or is likely to
adopt a deliberate policy of neglecting its indigent aged on the grounds
that they have failed to save during their productive years and do
not now contribute to production. Yet as recently as 25 years ago,
these were the major arguments of the groups opposing social insur-
ance in America."
the Depression generation had an experience it will never forget
and even though subsequent unemployment, such as appears during
this recession, may not be as great as during the '30's, they will
respond politically, Prof. Wilensky added.
"Today, both political parties basically accept the New Deal
plilosophies although they may differ on specific aspects," Prof. Harold
Levinson of the economics department observed.
Government Answers Salvation Plea
Prof. Daniel McHargue of the political science department called
the New Deal the national government's answer to demands of the
BEGINNING OF AN ERA-President-Elect Franklin D. Roosevelt
and retiring President Herbert Hoover ride down Pennsylvania
Avenue in Washington on their way to President Roosevelt's in-
auguration, which also Inaugurated a new day in American history.
See Page 4
- Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom (
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 4, 1958 FIVE CENTS
Accuses Kohler Agent of 'Rotten'
Attempts Against Senate Committee
WASHINGTON () - Chairman John L. McClellan (D-Ark.) of
the Senate Rackets Committee accused an agent of the Kohler Com-
pany yesterday of a."pretty low and pretty rotten" attempt to smear.
His ire was directed at George C. Gallati, a ,publicity agent for
the Kohler firm, who acknowldged he had hired a cameraman to
photograph any member of the committee or its staff seen talking
to a lawyer for the United Auto Workers,
"In my book it's pretty low and pretty rotten," Sen. McClellan
exclaimed .He also called the arrangement "pretty smelly" and a
By The Associated Press
QUARTERS, Central Sumatra -
Rebel Premier Sjafruddin Prawi-
ranegara said yesterday his regime
will ask the United States for arms
if the Jakarta government seeks
weapons from Russia for san inva-;
sion of this rebel territory.
He said .he doubted the forces
of President Sukarno were capable
of a successful attack without out-
a * * *a
PANMUNJOM, Korea-A meet-
ing of Allied and Communist rep-
resentatives ended in deadlock
Monday night on the question of
returning 34 occupants' of a plane
held in Red North Korea.
The UN Command charged the
Communists with holding the oc-
cupants, including two American
pilots and two Germans as hos-
tages for political purposes.
VATICAN CITY-Pope Pius XII
Monday canceled the March 12
anniversary celebration of his cor-
A communique said he acted be-
cause of "the present condition of
bitterness, sadness, and outrage,"
over the conviction of a bishop in
an Italian court.
The action was without prece-
dent in Vatican history. It dem-
onstrated dramatically the Pope's
and the Roman Catholic Church's
concern over the conviction for
defamation Saturday by a flor-
ence court of the bishop of Prato.
CINCINNATI - Alex White,
president of a Buffalo, N.Y., local
of the Bakery and Confectionery
Y1~ Workers International Union an-
nounced Monday that he will be a
candidate , opposing, James G.
Cross' bid for re-election to the
.D'S To Hear
New Deal Talk,
Prof. Stephen W. Rousseas of
the economics department will
address the Young Democrats Club
move designed to try to "get some-
thing to smear members of this
The senators are investigating
violence and vandalism in the
four-year-old strike of the UAW
against the Kohler Company, a
plumbing fixtures firm in Kohler,
Soom after the hearing was re-
sumed after a weekend recess Gal-
lati was sworn in 4s a witness and
asked aboutthe picture arrange-
He conceded he had arranged
with a wire service -bureau man-
ager here to have a photographer
assigned to take pictures for the
Rauh Pictures Sought
Robert F. Kennedy, committee
counsel, asked Gallati whether it
was his "sole purpose" to get pic-
tures of any committee member or
staff aide seen talking with Jo-
seph L. Rauh, .Jr.,. counsel for the
UAW at the proceedings.
"I asked him if he would,'yes
sir," Gallati said after parrying
some initial questions and con-
sulting with Lyman P. Conger, the
company's chief counsel.
Kennedy first had called pho-
tographer Frank Cancellare to the
witness chair and asked himn
whether anyone had made ar-
rangements with him to make
pictures in the hearing room.
Cancellare said he was hired "to
make pictures of Mr. Rauh-any-
thing I could."
He said he didn't recall any in-
structions to take pictures of
Rauh talking to any pommittee
members at hearings this week. "I
wasn't here last week," he added.
After more than two weeks of
silence on the subject, the Michi-
gan State News devoted its lead
story and an editorial to a story
in The Daily that MSU Dean of
Students Thomas King had tried
to censor the News.
The Daily also said King
threatened to punish a student,
after his letter appeared in the
paper criticizing the Dean.
In an editorial signed by Mel
Reiter, State News Editor, (a de-
parture frome normal practice) the
News said, ". . . as long as King
is permitted to call in students as
he pleases and threaten them with
libel and suspension, we are .all
dead victims of an educational
hypocrisy worse than treason."
"Dean King's finer contribution
to MSU will eventually be forgot-
ten," the editorial said earlier,
"for no man can be honored aft-
er imposing the threat to any of,
Dean of Men Walter B. Rea told
the News that he thought it un-
fortunate that The Daily inter-
vened, but, he continued, "I un-
derstand the interest of our stu-
dent publication in matters of
press freedom, regardless of where
such matters arise.
"It would be of interest to any
of our conference. dailies. If a
paper is to represent student
opinion, it cannot be restricted,"
Dean Rea said.
Petitions for Student Govern-
ment Council elections must be
turned in by 6 p.m. today, accord-
ing to Elections Director Roger
Petitions must contain 350 sig-
natures, and a picture of the can-
didate must be attached.
The number of candidates
dropped to 21 yesterday with the
withdrawal of Richard Abrams,
'60, and Alan Ades, '60.
Clears Up Charges
The City Council last night
heard an independent engineering,
report term the city's 1957 Bitumi-
nous Surfacing Program "well
planned and executed."
The independent survey, con-
ducted by W. G. Lanterman, a'
local professional engineer, was
initiated in response to charges
made at the last regular' Council
meeting that an over-assessment
was made in materials actually
The report disclosed that the
total amount of street surface
paved required 7,742% tons of
paving materials as compared to
7,873 tons which were actually
paid for, a discrepapcy of only
1% per cent.
According to City Administrator
Guy Larcom, "the report confirms
the accuracy of the City's records
. . . (and) shows that the. con-
tractor delivered a surfacing job'
that was in accord with the City
specifications and was not exces-
sive by engineering standards, and
that therefore there was no ex-
Commenting on the quality of
the surfacing, Lanterman's report
states "the pavement consists of a
good, dense, well-compacted as-
phaltic concrete which is properly
blended and proportioned."
The report did note, however, a
technical inconsistency in the city
specifications and some localized
Mack Resigns Boar d
'U' LECTURE COURSE:
Douglas Hits Ike's Schizophrenia
By LANE VANDERSLICE he said, in response to question
Senator Paul Douglas (D - Illat the last program of this 'ye
last night called the government's lecture series.
position on the current recession Sen. Douglas saw little rea
"economic schizophrenia." . for optimism in, the next
"They know things are wrong, x months. "It's safe to say five r
but won't admit it," the former lion or so are completely out
economics professor said. "The . " 'work," he said. "We, have c
present recession is much more 70% to 75% of our economic ca
serious than optimists in the ad-, city in use."
ministration would have us be- "The administration's pu
lieve." s :;:.:..:"pworkslan 'should be carried
He outlined a two point plan butn itself is not enough, S
for fighting the recession-asking Douglas said. One difficulty
improvement of unemployment in- public works plans, he commeni
surance and taxcuts totaling $3.5 4 .*is many plans would improve ar
billion, where there are. many senat+
Would Reduce by $50 but not many unemployed.
His plan would reduce the tax - Discusses Other Topics
on the first $1,000 of income from zSen. Douglas eovered a
20% to 15%, providing approxi- range of other topics both du
mately 60 million wage earners SEN. PAUL H. DOUGLAS and after the program. Am
with $50 more to spend annually. ohr edsusd'ertr
This "across the board" tax cut * ** offers tax cut plan others he discussed Secretary
Agripulture Ezra Taft Benson:
would have a favorable psychologi- las. The proposed excise tax cut fine family man;",Russian intel
cal effect, according to Sen. Doug- wonld nroidan nritinnua1 5 ;, ...n.n.4 .,ap+4nn 4".'nr.a
The Political Issues Club will
hold a special discussion at 8 p.m.
today in the Multi-Purpose Room
of the Undergraduate Library, ac-
cording to Edward McClennen, '59,
Deborah Bacon, dean of women,
and John M. Hale, senior resident
director of men's residence halls,
will speak on the topic "University
McClennen said the program is
being sponsored to help improve
communication between students
and the administration on inte-
NAZI SIGN STAMPED ON POSTERS: an
Swastika Seen on Romance Language Building h
7 ..., rtvt #4 v$~ ~wt
v*vt~tit y 4 4 ~ 4 t ~~~
-:..J& L}':.:Cr:?>"nk: 1esi:;;;?;:;;elli tniswsdan =:;::=r%:eJ : :tn :::=::;c;:
By BARTON HUTHWAITE
A "Swastika," Adolph Hitler's Nazi Party symbol, was discovered
painted on the east hall of the nearly demolished Romance Language
Building yesterday morning.
Several Hillel Foundation posters were reportedly stamped -with
the Nazi World War II emblem.
At the same time, posters announcing an address entitled "The
Secret Directives Behind The British-French-Israeli Invasion of
Egypt" were posted on bulletin boards on University residence halls
Swastikas Appeared Before
During the Israeli invasion -of Egypt, three similar "swastika"
emblems were painted on the walls of the Hillel Foundation. The