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Truth Will Prevail"
CHORAL UNION SERIES
AMONG THE LARGE NUMBER of childen's choirs blossoming
around the world, the Obernkirchen group is rapidly rising to the
top in popularity. This group returned to Ann Arbor last night to
perform in Hill Auditorium after a two year absence.
The choir is directed by Edith Moeller, who has been their leader
from the beginning a few years ago. Her conducting'is forthright and
simple, extracting from her youthful charges the response desired.
It is necessary to establish from what view one wishes tomregard
this kind of musical group. Are they to be considered as primarily a
musical ensemble or as entertainment? I prefer to take a middle view.
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1958 NIGHT EDITOR: JOHN WEICHER
The West's Policy
And the Indonesian Rebels
THE BOMBS which were dropped Friday on and assets-they have already done so on Su-
Parnu, a small town on the island of Suma- matra--and they would bring an end to much
tra, could very well signify the end of the of the unhealthy Communist influence in Indo-
Indonesian Republic as a united state. nesia's present government.
The attack, which was part of Premier
The ttak, hic waspar ofPreier OT ONLY THIS, but it also appears that the
Djuanda's policy to crush the provisional gov- ONL THISnmutita s ht yhe
ernment, was launched on a town in the rebel provisional government has not only more
stronghold of Sumatra and could easily provoke widespread support than the central govern-
hot civil war, if it has not already done so.ment, but it seems to stand a better chance of
winning any military action. There have al-
If civil war has actually broken out, the ready been a number of defections to the rebels
Communists,, who hope to break the republic by high officers in the Indonesian Army.
up and take it by force if they are unable to A
capture it internally, could very easily come And, should war come the central government
out on top, especially if neither side can get on Java would have difficulty getting food for
decisive control of the entire republic. The either its civilians or its army because most of
Communists would have an advantage in such Indonesia's food comes from the outer islands,
a set-up because they would probably be the most of which have rebel sympathies.
only unified group left with members on every The West can help most by recognizing the
island., new government's valid claim to Indonesia's
For this reason, the United States who has foreign assets and by blocking any attempt by
a very important stake in the Far East as does the central government to draw upon them.
the rest of the free world should try to prevent It would of course be unwise to recognize the
such a situation from coming about. Indonesia provisional government unless a full fledged
is a particularly strategic republic both for its war breaks out in which the rebels show they
natural resources of oil and rubber and also for are the true government of the Indonesian
its strategic location in relation to pro-Western people. But we should be prepared for the
nations in the Far East should a general mili- eventuality should it arise.trrcirdkeprceh
tary action take place here.eetaiysoudi rs-
There is still hope that the' Indonesian peo- Of course a peaceful settlement is the one
Tereiastilhatredoviop enteidonresin, which all sides, except the Communists, are
ple's basic hatred of violence will prevail, but still hoping for. Any reunification without
this hope is now only a very faint glimmering bloodshed would very probably be advantageous.
in a sea of dark preparations for war. Both to the West as it would of necessity include the
sides are arming, and what could have been the ouster of Sukarno and the adoption of the rebel
first blow has already been struck, leaders' long-needed reforms.
Now if civil war has begun, and it appears Whatever happens, the West, particularly
that it has, the best course for the United States the United States must be prepared to help
and the West would be to support the rebel the anti-communists, for should Indonesia fall
regime as actively as possible. into the Soviet-Red Chinese sphere of influence
Why? Well for one thing the provisional gov- the defense of remaining pro-western lands in
ernment has promised -to call a halt to the the Far East would become precarious if not
Communist-inspired, anti-foreign agitation and untenable.
attempted nationalization of foreign industries -JOHN AXE
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
; y; The Disability Puzzle
By WALTER LIPPMANN
.. .- .
. , .r
.. 'gP" j' . \MI
-r S i f z .t. rs .fSrCa
Ike's Public Relations
By DREW PEARSON
Their chief appeal is the fact that
they are so young and so charm-
ing. Add to that the fact that they
sing nicely, and you have an eve-
ning that is guaranteed to be a
great pleasure to all but the hard-
est of heart.
This is not a perfect ensemble
of the highly polished, overly
trained Vienna type. One fre-
quently hears bad entrances and
some poor intonation. But it is
these little imperfections that add
much of the child-like appeal.
THE CHOIR obtains its dynamic
variety within a somewhat narrow
range, but they do achieve a good
deal of variety within this range.
I am very happy to see this ap-
proach used, for it does not cause
strain upon these very youthful
voices and aids in the retention of
I found the group a trifle less
spontaneous than they were two
years ago, but I suppose that the
years of experience that thqy have
been gathering should take away
a little of this element.
They have attained a good deal
of professional shine, perhaps a
little too much at times. I would
hate to see this group take on a
quality of slickness, but they are
not far from it once in awhile.
* * * .
THE FIRST HALF of the pro-
gram was devoted to several short
songs from many different periods
of music. "America the Beautiful"
opened the program and was sung
in vey fine trnglish. Songs of
Schubert, Brahms, and Tchaikow-
The choir showed good balance
in all these selections. The older
boys sang the bass line in an un-
obtrusive manner, but lent body
to the tone, which is often lack-
ing from other children's choirs.
'A change in mood from the gen-
erally somber color of the first
songs was affected by Lemlin's
"Der Kuckuck" (The Cuckoo).
Other songs in this "clever" cate-
gory followed, including the old
stand-by "Echo-Lied" (Echo Song)
of Di Lasso.
* * *
TWO BARTOK songs were given
fine performances and were fol-
lowed by a group of miscellaneous
songs. According to the program,
the group performed Burleigh's
arrangement of "Deep River," but
I did not recognize it.
This song was given a perform-
ance which did nothing to strike
the mood of tender sorrow and
longing which the words conveyed.
The tonal level was too high and
an impertinent soprano obbligato
was thrown in to dispel the mood
Following the intermission, the
group performed a musical version
of the story of "Snow White and
the Seven Dwarfs." While the per-
formance was very pleasant and
entertaining, it was not enough to
make up for the' musical setting
itself; too much, too dull.
The group closed its encores
with its theme song, "The Happy
Wanderer." Discreet actompani-
ment was provided at the piano by
EISENHOWER himself has, as we know,
asked Congress to clear up the uncertain-
ties of the Constitution on the question of a
disabled President. There is, moreover, an
Administration bill drafted in the Department
of Justice which was introduced in the House
of Representatives last spring. There is, there-
fore, nothing indelicate about discussing the,
problem, which should be done with the kind of
matter-of-factness tliat a sensible man adopts
when he makes his will.
Yet, while some progress seems to have been
made, Congress continues to be hesitant to act,
rather like a man who, knowing that he ought
to make a will, puts off going to see his lawyer.
There are several reasons why Congress puts
off action. They are all, so it seems to me,
aspects of one general reason. This is a search
for a "solution" -of the problem which will suit
everybody now and in all conceivable contin-
gencies in the future.1
No such solution will ever be found, and it
is useless to look for the kind of solution which
will cover everything that a writer of mystery
stories might imagine, as, for example, a secret
criminal conspiracy to oust a President and
to usurp the office. In dealing with this prob-
lem, as with any other of the structural ques-
tions of the Constitution, we must assume that
the great officers of the state are honorable
and honest men, most particularly in the high-
est matters. If we do not make this assumption,
we find outselves in a hopeless complication of
suspicions, trying to find some way where
everybody concerned in the decision is able to
check and balance everyone else.
A T THE LEVEL of common sense in practical
affairs, the problem falls into two parts
which can be and, I think, should be dealt
The first part has to do with a case where,.
in the words of Representative Keating who
PETER ECKSTEIN, Editor
JAMES ELSMAN, JR. VERNON NAHRGANG
Editorial Director City Editor
DONNA HANSON ...........;.....Personnel Director
CAROL PRINS .................... Magazine Editor
EDWARD ERULDSEN .. Associate Editorial Director
WILLIAM HANEY . ........Features Editor
ROSE PEELBERG , ...............Activities Editor
JAMES IBAAD ........................Sports Editor
.BRUCE BENNETT ............ Associate Sports Editor
JOHN HILLYER ... ...Associate Sports Editor
DIANE FRASER t............. Assoc. Activities Editor
THOMAS BLUES A..........Assoc. Personnel Director
BRUCE BAILEY ...................Chief Photographer
is a leader in the field, there is "a temporary
disability declared by the President himself."
The second part, which Mr. Keating calls the
"real problem," arises "when a disabled Presi-
dent either refuses to admit his disability or is
physically unable to do so." )
Taking the two cases separately, we find that
the first case is easy to deal with and the
second is rather puzzling. When the President
himself declares that he is for the time being
disabled, which is the first case, there is gen-
eral, though not unanimous, agreement that
it is the intent of the Constitution that the
Vice-President should act as President until
the President himself declares that his dis-
ability has ended. There are some lawyers who
think that to clarify this proposition a Consti-
tutional amendment is necessary, or at least
desirable. But there is high legal authority for
thinking that in this case Congress itself has
the power to declare what the Constitution
Now it would be prudent and sensible, in
my view, for Congress to act promptly on the
first part of the problem. It is not entirely
inconceivable that if Congress had clarified this
point, the President, when he was stricken last
autumn, might have devolved his powers tem-
porarily to the Vice-President. This might well
have been the wisest thing to do both as to the
effectiveness of his office and in the interests of
his own health.
1 Be that as it may, since agreement is possible
on this part of the problem, Congress should
act even though there is not as yet agreement
on the second and much more puzzling part of
IT IS SOMETHING of a puzzle to decide what
should be done in case a disabled President
is enfeebled, is unconscious, or worse still is
irrational. The problem is who in the govern-
ment is to raise the question of the President's
disability, and who is to decide finally whether
he is disabled.
My own view is that the initiative in raising
the question should be in the executive branch,
in the Cabinet and in the White House itself.
On the other hand, the final power to decide
the question should be in the Congress.
In other words, if the President is disabled
and unable to make his own decision, the fact
of his disability will have to be made known
by the members of his own official family,
presumably, I should say, by the Secretary of
State. Under modern conditions of publicity,
it would" be quite impossible to conceal the
President's disability-as was done in the cases
of Garfield and Wilson.
When the question of the President's dis-
ability has been raised, the Vice-President
should go to Congress, or if necessary, call it
into special session. He should communicate
the facts of the President's condition and
W ASHINGTON - Newsmen
covering the President were a
bit rough with Jim Hagerty over
Ike's 3,000-mile detour to take
Mamie and two friends to Eliza-
beth Arden's slimming resort in
Arizona. But you can't entirely
blame Jim. The astute and agile
White House Press Secretary has
been having one of the roughest
times of his five years in office.
Reason is that his boss has been
more crotchety of late and much
less concerned about public opin-
ion. For a long time, Gen. Eisen-
hower was more hep to public re-
lations than any recent President,
and completely agreeable to Hag-
erty's suggestions. But lately he.
hasn't been worrying too much
about what the public thinks.
* * *
HAGERTY was fully aware of
the bad public reaction to taking
Mamie and sister-in-law with
Mrs. Ellis Slater on a slimming
detour for which commercial air-
lines charge $1,200. But he had
nothing to say about it.
He knew of course that Mrs.
Gordon Moore, the President's
sister-in-law, was right in the
public eye as a result of Col.
Moore's name being involved in
the Congressional investigation of
Channel 10 in Miami. Col. Moore
has also been mentioned in con-
nection with the CAB award of
a route to his old firm, Trans-
Caribbean Air Lines, and in con-
nection with deals with Domini-
can Dictator Trujillo.
Mrs. Ellis Slater is also not the
most politic guest to take on a
free trip, because her husband,
former head of Frankfurt Dis-
tilleries, a Seagram's subsidiary,
is given credit for helping influ-
ence the oil leasing of the Lacas-
sine Wildlife Refuge in Louisiana.
* * *
THIS LEASE was given by the
Eisenhower Administration to
Slater's s u b si d i a r y company,
Frankfurt Oil Co., and set a new
precedent for oil leasing on gov-
ernment wildlife preserves. Prior
to this, Democrats Harold Ickes
and Oscar Chapman, as Secre-
taries of the Interior, hadszealous-
ly refused to permit oil companies
to lease game refuges.
Republican subordinates in the
Interior Department also vigor-
ously opposed opening up the La-
cassine preserve to Slater's oil
company but they were overruled
from on top .
Ellis Slater contributed $2,500
to Eisenhower's reelection cam-
paign last year and has been one
of his closest bridge-playing part-
ners. He was with him most of
the time at Thomasville, and is
a member of the exclusive group
which built the Augusta golf
quarters for the President at no
expense to him.
Irs. Elizabeth Arden, who is
giving Mamie and friends the
nonpaying guest treatment at her
A r i z on a slimming-resort, also
contributed $2,500 to Ike in 1956.
* * *
THE REASON why forthright
Senator Margaret Chase Smith of
Maine quietly resigned from the
GOP Senate Campaign Commit-
tee over the $100,000 from that
Texas Joe Martin dinner was very
simple. She remembered how
Texas money had reached all the
way up to Maine and bank-rolled
an opponent to run against her
in the Republican primary in
He was Robert' L. Jones, who
received contributions from Texas
oilionaires i n c 1 u d i n g Douglas
Marshal, son-in-law of Roy Cul-
len. AnotherCullen son-in-law,
Corbin Robertson, was a spone-
sor of the dinner for Joe Martin,
also a sponsor for a similar din-
ner given to Democrat Lyndon
Mrs. Smith also knew that Vic
Johnson ,who' really runs the
GOP Senate Campaign Commit-
tee for the reelection of senators,
is hand-in-glove with Texas oil-
ionaires and was suspected of fi-
nancing Apposition to her.
* * *
THAT'S WHY Mrs. Smith not
only resigned from the committee
but remarked privately to friends:
"Those rich Texans not only
want to keep their money through
oil depletion allowances and make
the rest of us pay extra taxes, but
they also send their money all
over the country to defeat sena-
tors who don't agree with them.
They want to make the Senate of
the United States a rubber-stamp
(Copyright 1958 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which the
Michigan Daily assumes no editori-
al responsibility.,Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN Corm to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daly due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 195
VOL. AXVIM, NO. 103
Linguistics Club meeting., Wed., Feb.'
26 at 8 p.m. in Rackham Assembly
Hall. Speaker: Prof. John C. Street,
Michigan State University, "The Re-
construction of Proto-Mongolian."
Honor Residents, General Informa-
tion meeting, Wed., Feb., 26, 3:00-5:00
p.m. Michigan League, Hussey Room.
Graduate Students expecting to re-
ceive the master's degree in June, 193,
must file a diploma application with
the Recorder of the Graduate School
by Fri., Feb. 28. A student will not be
recommended for a degree unless he
has filed formal application in the of-
fice of the Graduate School.
Martha Cook Building is receiving ap-
plications for September 1958. Fresh
men and Sophomore women may apply.
Please telephone NO 2-3225 weekdays
between 8:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. for
appointment. All applications are due
March 10, 1958.
Regents' Meeting: Fri., March 21.
Communications for consideration at
this meeting must be in the Pres-
dent's hands not later than March 12.
Agenda, Student Government Council,
February 26, 1958, Council Room, 7:30
Minutes of previous meeting.
Officer reports: President - Letters,
Increased Enrollment Committee; Exe.
Vice Pres. -.'Evaluation Committees,
Membership restriction Committee, J-
Hop - Motion; Admin. Vice Pres. Lec-
ture Committee, Forum; Treasurer.
South East Asia.
Standing Committees, Education and
Student Welfare; National and Inter-
national - Exchange programs, ITSIS;
Public Relations; Student Activities,
Interim action: Feb. 25, 26: India Stu-
dent Association, documentary movies
on India in celebration of Ii4dian Re-
public Day, Rackham Amph. Feb. 26,
International Students Association,
balloon debate, League; Feb. 2, Inter-
national Students Association, film,
Moscow Youth Festival, Ach. Aud.
Administrative Wing, mass meeting.
Zweit Lecture. "Stochastic Problems
In Mathematics and Physics," Mark
Kac, Prof. of Mathematics, Cornell Uni-
versity, 4:00 p.m. today. Room 3011 An-
Gregory Pincus, M. S., SeD., Tufts
Medical College, Boston, Mass., and.
Worcester Foundation for Experimental
Biology, Worcester, Mass., will give an
illustrated lecture on "The Biological
Effects of Progestational Hormones."
4:15 p.m., Feb. 27, Rackham Amphir
theatre. Presented by the Department
o Anatomy and the Medical School
Public is invited.
Political Science Graduate Roundtable
meeting on Thurs., Feb. 27, at 8:00 p.m.
in the Rackham Assembly Hall. The
speaker will be Professor Benjamin E.
Lippincott of the University of Minne-
sota. His topic will be "Democracy's
Operations Research Seminar: Russell
L. Ackoff, Professor of Engineering Ad-
ministration and Director, Operations
Research Group, Case Institute of
Technology, will lecture on "Applica
tion of, OR to the Control of Complex
Systems" on Wednesday, Feb. 26, 1958.
Coffee hour will be held in room 243
West Engineering at 3:30 and Seminar
at 4:00 in room -229 West Engineer-
ing. All faculty members are welcome.
Analysis Seminar. Mr. William Cald-
well will speak on "The Radius of Con-
vexity of Polynomials." Meeting is in
room 3010 Angell Hall, Thurs., Feb. 27
a t 3:00 p.m.
402 Interdisciplinary Seminar on the
Application of Mathematics to Social
Science will not meet Thurs., Feb. 27.
Doctoral Examination for Ralph Ray-
mond Goodman, Physics; Thesis: "An
Investigation of the Cyclotron Reson-
ance Theory in Germanium and Sili-
con," Thurs., Feb. 27, 2038 Randall
Laboratory, at 1:30 p.m. Acting Chair-
man, G. E. Uhlenbeck.
Thurs., Feb. 27 and Fri., Feb. 28 at the
Bureau of Appointments.
The First National Bank of Chicago,
Chicago, I1. Location of Work, Chica-
go, Ill. Men with BA or MA in Econom-
ics, BBA or MBA for Accounting, Fi-
nance, and Investments. ALL phases of
Commercial Banking and Trust includ-
ing' Foreign Banking, Bond and Credit.
LETTERS TO THE EIDITOR:
Larson Politik' Label Draws Objection
'Scholar in Action' ..
To the Editor:
J AMES Elsman's partisan treat-
ment of Mr. Larson's address
Monday night is an example of
the irresponsible criticism which
is frequently associated with the
opposition party in the U.S. two
party system.* ,
When a public servant comes
before an academic community
with a carefully planned address
which has a very precise focus-
namely, the economic aspect of an
American ideology-the scholarly
quality of his work is to be ad-
mired and not associated with
It is just this tendency to look
for partisan implications in every
written or spoken word of a pub-
lic figure, finding implications even
when they aren't there, which de-
grades discussion of political issues
into personality squabbles.
It is easy to talk of the blunders
covered by Dulles' catch phrases
"brink of war" and "massive re-
taliation" or by his statements in
relation to Goa and Aswan Dam.
But, if Mr. Elsman is so convinced
that dynamic and open U.S. sup-
port of Tunisia is the solution to
the tensions in the Middle East
which are complicated by nation-
alism and anti-Westernism T refer
However, U.S. policy regarding
Tunisia was not the focus of Mr.
Larson's address. He requested his
audience to analyze carefully the
ideological position of the U.S., to
analyze that of the Communists
and then to proceed in an enlight-
ened fashion when dealing with
Mr. Larson did not come to Hill
Auditorium to make political capi-
tal for the Administration. As
stated by President Hatcher, he
came as a "scholar in action."
-Nancy Gardner, Grad.
Reminder . .
To the Editor:
SO MUCH hag been said about
the embarrassment and real
danger stemming from U.S. earth-
satellite delay, I'd like to point to
a satellite matter that remains on
the black side of the West's propa
ganda ledger, but which we seem
to be forgetting. I mean the brave
effort of the Hungarian people, led
by Budapest students, to throw off
the mockery of government im-
posed upon them since 1949 by the
March 6 will be exactly the
500th day since the Hungarian re-
volt of October 23. 1956. Had the
risk passing by new appeals to
The cold war is not, after all, a
two-power struggle. It consists of
the Western powers led 'by the
U.S., opposite the Soviet Union
and its satellites. It is a united
Communist world that we must
prevent and defeat, and any
"cracks in the Kremlin wall"
should be encouraged and sup-
Five days after October 23 we
hadn't forgotten the thousands of
slain and slashed; five weeks after,
we still remembered that 196,000
had been forced to uproot from
their homeland and seek asyluim
in free lands; even 50 days after,
we felt the tragedy of the handful
who had dared fight despots, and
who were crushed by 200,000 Soviet
troops, 2,500 tanks and cars and
1,000 other vehicles.
The cruelty was so great the
UN censured Russia's action in the
strongest language possible, and
even Khrushchev admitted last
April "the Hungarian situation
was a rather sharp affair, like
Hungarian paprika . .."
On the 500th day after, I am
not saying the U.S. should rashly
intervene in new satellite prob-
lems. Most strongly I urge that we
no No n+rxPm+ HrnLma.v1WA
the Kremlin about their "Hun-
garian paprika," and their forced
rule of other satellite countries.
Let's stand ready to thrust that
"sharp" problem of satellite dom-
ination down that crowing throat
By the way, I'm a native-born
American, and while I feel awfully
nude after shouting in public like
this, I hope I have said as closely
as possible what the much braver
Hungarians would have said for
-Jerry Borden, '60L
To the Editor:
IN REPLYING to the letter by
a Young Democrat, the presi-
dent of the Young GOP-Grumpy
Old Party-remArked in the Feb-
ruary 20 issue of The Daily, that
they do not want to debate the
Young Democrats on such issues
as the present economic recession
or foreign policy.
I presume that the reason be-
yond this plea is that our friends
just have not dreamt up the right
slogan as yet to deal effectively
with these vital issues. What ever
happened to Modern Republican-
ism's "Peace and Prosperity"?