See Page 4
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
:43 a t tly
VIII, No. 103
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1958
Lawyer Cannot Explain $75,000
Deposited in Bank Two Years Ago
WASHINGTON (41)-A House committee chairman said yesterday
eral Communications Commissioner Richard A. Mack and others
>lved in a Florida TV license case appear to have violated the law
laid themselves open'to criminal penalties.
Rep. Oren Harris (D-Ark.) made this charge during testimony
:VIiami lawyer Thurman A. Whiteside, who said among other things,
couldn't account for $75,000 deposited in one of his bank accounts'
This was Whiteside's second day before the special House subcom-
tee which was set up to study the operations of federal regulatory
ncies. It has been looking of late into influences exerted on members
he Federal Communications Commission.
Commissioner Given Share in Firm
Whiteside, a lifelong friend of Mack's, has testified previously that
gave the commissioner a one-sixth share in a Miami insurance firm
which does business with the suc-
cessful applicant for a hotly con-
tested TV station license.
Harris said the Federal Com-
munications Act of 1954 bars
commission members from having
outside business interests or from
owning stock in firms which serve
petitioners before the FCC.
Asked by reporters whether he
thought Mack violated the law,
Harris said Mack's interest in the
insurance firm is a violation of the
By LEWIS COBURN
ans for surveys -of housing
employment -- regarding
lability to members of minori-
oups - were discussed at yes-
ay's kick-off meeting for Ann
ir's Human Relations Year..
of. Albert Wheeler of- the,
ical School, a member of the
Human Relations Commis-
)F. ALBERT WHEELER
... discusses survey
Worked Outside Channels
Similarly, Harris said Whiteside
seemingly violated the law by
working outside of legally pre-
scribed channels to help a Na-
tional Airlines subsidiary get
Miami's Channel 10 license.
In loud, emphatic tones, Harris
said the penalty for violating .the
law is $10,000 fine or a year in
Whiteside refused to concede
there had been any law violation.
Couldn't Recall Details
He said, too, he couldn't remem-
ber at the moment any details
about a $75,000 payment into one
of his 20 or so bank accounts in
Whiteside said he would tell the
subcommittee about the deposit
after checking with his Miami
office. He said that whatever the
deposit was, it had nothing't do
with the Channel 10 case or the
committee's inquiry into the FCC.
Whiteside has said he did. all he
could on a voluntary, no-fee basis
to get the license for Public Serv-
ice Television Inc., a subsidiary of
He said he talked to Mack on
National's behalf but denied ex-
erting any pressure or exacting
any pledge from the commissioner.:
SGC To Meet
A motion that Student Govern-
ment Council assume the deficit
of this year's JTHop will be pre-
sented to SGC at 7:30 p.m. in the
Council room of the Student Ac-
tivities Bldg. ,
The motion, to be presented by
the Finance Committee, also asks
the J-Hop Central Committee to
submit plans and a budget to the
Council during the spring semes-
ter before each J-Hop.
No commitments may be given
by the dance committee until SGC
has approved these plans, under
the motion. The deficit from this
year would be made up over the
next few years from Homecoming,
Cinema Guild, and future J-Hop
profits, according to SGC Treasur-
er Scott Chrysler, '59BAd., Fi-
nance Committee chairman.
WASHINGTON (AW - The gov-
ernment announced Yesterday
that food prices reached a record
high last month, sending over-all
living costs to a new peak.
The increase was the biggest in
Officials said moreover they
foresaw no relief for housewives
from soaring costs over the'next
They held out hope that heavy
price cuts being felt in raw ma-
terial markets-for rubber, metals,
hides, wool, petroleum and lumber
and so on - may trickle to the
consumer level in the form of low-
er prices by summer or fall, and
also that food may decline some-
Peak Hits 122.3 Per Cent
The new living cost peak was
measured at 122.3 per cent of the
1947-49 average of the consumer
price index. This was an increase
of six-tenths of one per cent from
December to January. It was the
largest monthly rise since July
The figures drew a quick reac-
tion from James B. Carey, an
AFL-CIO vice president. '
"We in the union ihovement
have criticized prices arbitrarily
set by big business. And the ad-
ministration and its business al-
lies have sneered," he said in a
"But how else can you explain
rising prices in a period of slid-
Ewan Claue, Labor Depart-
ment statistics chief who an-
nounced the new living cost data,
had replied to. the same question
for newsmen earlier.
He said the new rise was due
mainly to a jump in food prices
and said food demand hasn't les-
Petitioning will open tomorrow
for class officers, Union directors-
at-large, and campus boards-in-
control, according to Roger Mahey
'61, elections director for Student
Three seats on the Board-in-
Control of Student Publications
are open for one-year terms. Peti-
tioners must be enrolled in the
University and produce signatures
of 100 eligible voters.
Board in Control of Intercol-
legiate Athletics has one position
open to male sophomore students.
No signatures are needed, but the
regular petition form must be
Positions for Union directors re-
quire 200 signatures. In addition
to four director-at-large positions,
there are positions open for a
director representing Law School
students and one director repre-
senting students in both medical
and dental schools.
Forms will be available for peti-
tioning for senior class officers of
the literary college, engineering
college and the education school.
Six additional petitions for SGC
positions were taken out yester-
day, according to Mahey. This in-
cludes two incumbents, Scott G.
Chrysler, '59BAd, and Lois Wur-
ster, '60; and Bruce Hoffman, '59,
Ted Bomb, '59, Richard Abrams,
'60, and Fred Merrill, '59.
By ROBERT SNYDER
Two University students are
among the first people selected to
represent the United States in a
history-making student exchange
with the Soviet Union.
DeWitt C. Baldwin, coordinator
of religious affairs and interna-1
tional director of the Lisle Fellow-
ship, Inc., an organization which
he founded in 1936 and one of the
sponsors of the exchange program,
said those selected are Donald T.
French, Grad., and Maynard Gold-
.~ graduate student in the Slavic
language department, French is
well-versed in Russian history and
speaks Russian fluently. Goldman
is also acquainted with Russian
language and history and is cur-
rently Administrative Vice-Presi-
dent of SGC.
Baldwin is also a member of the
Council on Student Travel, organ-
izers of the 39-day trip through
the Soviet Union. He has there-
sponsiblilty of choosing 10 stu-
dents, which is Lisle's quota.
To date, six of the 10 have been
chosen, four of whom have rea-
sonable command of the language.
The remaining four will be chosen
by March 21. In all likelihood, at
least one more University student
will be chosen, Baldwin said.
The program, which has been
in the planning stage foi three'
years, finally materialized two
months ago when the Soviet
Union, prompted.by relaxationof
the United State's immigration.
rules, agreed to allow reciprocal.
exchanges of students.
Participants in the program
must have the following qualifica-
tions: at least two years of college,
emotional maturity, group experi-
ence, campus and/or community
responsibilities, and knowledge of
Not. To Retire;*
,To Run Agrain
RICHMOND, Va. OP) - Sen.
Harry Flood Byrd (D-Va.), re-
versed yesterday an announced
decision to retire.
Sen. Byrd, chairman of the Sen-
ate FinancedCoimittee and a
long-time advocate of fiscal con-
servatism, said he would seek a
fifth term. He announced his de-
cision in a message to the Gener-
al Assembly of Virginia.
It quoted a statement of con-
sent from Mrs. Byrd whose illness
was given as the reason in his
retirement statement Feb. 12.
The message was greeted with
applause in the assembly which
had asked him to reconsider re-.
tirement. Gov. J. Lindsay Almond
hastened to offer unqualified sup-
INTRIGUE-The assassination of a Swedish king will provide these members of the speech depart-
ment and School of Music with plenty of intrigue tonight. To be presented at the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre, Giuseppe Verdi's opera, "Masked Ball," will run through Saturday, with performances be-
ginning at 8 p.m. The production is under the direction of Prof. Josef Blatt of the School of Music
and Prof. Hugh Z. Norton of the speech department.
Foreign Aid Prograi
The intrigue involved in assas-
sinating a king will provide the
plot of the speech department-
School of Music production of
Giuseppe Verdi's opera, "Masked
Ball," which opens tonight at the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.-
The production will run through
Saturday, with performances be-
ginn ing at 8 p.m. Prof. Hugh Z.
Norto i of the speech department
will direct, while Prof. Josef Blatt
.of the School of Music is musical
When "Masked Ball" was sched-
uled for its premiere performance
in 1858, an attempted assassina-
tion of Napoleon III by a group
of Italian conspirators necessitated
the changing of the setting of the
The locale was shifted to Puri-
tan New England, and the con-
spirators, in the original libretto
Swedish noblemen trying to exe-
cute king Gustav III, became
Negroes trying to kill the royal
In later performances the set-
ting was changed to Italy. The
current production has set the
story in its original locale, the
court of the king of Sweden in
ISA Calls Off
The International Student Asso-
ciations "balloon debate" has been
postponed from this evening, ac-
cording to Debates and Discussion.
Chairman Beverly Pooley, Grad.
The debate, in which the rela-
tive rights to survival of Machia-
velli, Scrooge, Leonardo do Vinci,
Cyrano de Bergerac, Elvis Presley,
John Foster Dulles, Laika and
others were to be debated, will be
rescheduled, Pooley continued.
Study Committee Hears
Auto Tax Suggestion
By MICHAEL KUAFT
The possibility of subjecting automobiles to the general property
tax was brought before the citizen's advisory committee on taxation
which met here yesterday.
The group heard a staff research report stating "property taxes
still contribute substantially to construction and maintenance of local
streets and roads, thus making it logical to require motor vehicles to
contribute to the property tax."
In Detroit, the general manager of the Automobile Club of Michi-
gan expressed opposition to the report, saying "we are sure Michigan's
lawmakers and local governments .
'No Margin for Er
Left by Situation
WASHINGTON () -- Pres
Dwight D. Eisenhower, appi
for nationwide support of hi:
eign aid program, described i
night as "not a maneuver ca
out by a dictator" but an ex
sion of goodwill and con
President Eisenhower clin
a day-long conference orgy
by the administration in beh
the $3,900,000,000 aid progro
The President said thati
present conditions the urgen
both mutual security and
procal trade agreements le
tion "leaves no margin for e
Speaks on Radio
In an address prepared
coast-to-coast broadcast on
President Eisenhower a
"They are iron imperatives
curity and the building of
The President spoke at a
ner meeting attended by nai
leaders from all walks of life
resenting Democratic, Repul
and independent thinking.
President Eisenhower safe
position to the aid prograr
based on, slogans, preju
penny-wise economy and
all, an outright refusal to to
the world of 1958 as it reall
"Nothing for Peace"
"What the ostrich-like
nents of mutual 'security see
be saying," he added, "is 'bi
for armament, but .not one
for peace!' "
The foreign aid rally beg
the morning. At a luncheon
ing former President Tr
called on the Eisenhower ac
istration to come forward
some new ideas to combat Ri
And Adlai E. Stevenson,
bid for the presidency or
Democratic ticket in 1952
1956, challenged Russia to jo
United States in a pooled eff
provide economic aid to und
Sion, emphasized that "on the spot
evidence" gained from such sur-
veys would be more impressive to
local residents than published re-
sults of surveys conducted else-
. -' Noting that another valuable
survey could determine "neigh-
borhood reactions and opinions"
for areas into which Negroes have
recently moved, Prof. Wheeler
said reactions of employers of Ne-
groes should also be investigated.
Subdivisions Not Open
He pointed out that Negroes
have not been allowed to pur-
chase homes in the new subdivi-
sions which are located on the
outskirts of Ann Arbor..
Prof. Wheeler also discussed
the possible formation of com-
mittees to speed integration of
Negroes and other minority groups
into wards and precincts where
they cannot now obtain housing.
Noting that the Commission
plans to approach the University
for use of television broadcasting
facilities, Prof. Wheeler added
that other possible areas of acti-
vity included work with service
clubs and church social action
He called the work of Human
Relations Year "two-pronged",
4 resulting in "self-education" of
participating individuals and in
accomplishment of specific goals.
The Rev. Henry Lewis, chair-
man of the commission, told audi-
ence members7 the Commission
"has no axe to grind."
He noted that "we look upon
human beings as human beings"
and that the purpose of Human
Relations Year is to "put that
ideal a little bit more into prac-
Dr. Lewis said the Commission
hoped local groups would commit
themselves to work on Human Re-
lations Year projects. He noted
the Commission plans to climax
would not want to impose another
tax on our leading industry, par-
ticularly when auto production
and sales are already lagging seri-
The citizen's advisory commit-
tee's research coordinator, Prof.
Harvey E. Brazer of the economics
department, said the club's re-
action was expected.
He emphasized that the report
was not a recommendation but one
of eight studies already prepared
for the Citizen's committee which
will present final recommenda-
tions and conclusions to the Legis-
lature's tax structure study com-
mittee during the summer.
The,report made public ye ter-
day also. discussed changes in the
administration of state tax laws,
suggesting that tax collectors be
paid salaries instead of out of fees
and appointment rather than elec-
tion of treasurers.
It is difficult to press for tax.
collection and "this is not a job
for an elected official," Prof. Bra-
Earlier this year, Rep. Rollo G.
Conlin (R-Tipton) head of the
House Tax committee said he..
would not propose any new taxes
until the final reports, being pre-
pared by the three state univer-
sities, were completed, even though
it would be too late for the present
By PHILIP MUNCK
Students yesterday had varied
reactions to the comment of Dean
of Men Walter B. Rea that a
Union taproom, selling beer to
students of legal age, might not be
a bad idea. ,
"I think it woul be a darn good
idea," H. FredericlBiork, '58,.said.
"However it could pose a problem
to students under age. It would
tend to segregate those over 21
years old from those under 21
Larisca Wytwycky, '58, opposed
the idea because "We come to the
University to study, not to drink."
"I think it's an excellent idea,"
Le-Anne Toy, '59, said. "There's
quite a bit of drinking anyhow and
it seems ridiculous not to have it
here (at the Union).",
She did not think drunkenness
would be much of a problem. "So-
cial pressure would keep -most
from overstepping their limits,"
Jack Batdorff, '59, called it a
"fabulous idea, but there are many
questions on how itwould be run."
Applications for the Al
Student Leader Scholarship
probably be available withi
next several weeks, accordi
Prof. James M. Davis, cha
of the committee on foreign
Under this program, a U
sity student spends a ye
Britain doing graduate level
and a British gf'aduate si
spends a year on this camp
Currently Lew Engman,
studying at the University of
don under the program, an
chael Head, Grad., is recip
As the, scholarship wass
in past years, maintenanc
fees are paid for students
dents participating must pay
own transportation costs, hoe
Prof. Davis termed the prc
a success in this, its first y
Money for the program,
$2,000, was last year pr
through the Development C
Used i Atta
RIESMAN COMMENTS ON COLLEGE ATTITUDE:
'Students Alienate Themselves from Curriculum'
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the sec-
ond in a series of two articles received
through the Big Ten News Service.)
By ULDIS ROZE
Experiences at schools and col-
leges play a major role in making'
"organization men" of students,
University of Chicago social scien-
tist David Riesman said recently.
"Pupils at school restrict their
output, and decide how much to
produce for the management," he
said. The attitude of students to-
ward their curriculum is one of
slim ,on, sjnee t1'mvu pnera11u hbe-
illusions about it. But one of their
greatest illusions is the belief that
they can in no way affect their
academic environment, declared
They don't realize, for example,
that faculties are not the mono-
lithic, tight organisms they seem
to be, but are rather groups that
are often in precarious balance.
This balance could be easily af-
fected by a determined student
"This is not to imply that- I
want professors to run their
Maroon he commented, "Thank
goodness for Gadfly."
"Why is it that students, who
are so precocious about each other,
about sex, or about their leisure
activities, show none of this pre-
cocity in relation to their curricu-
lum?" the sociologist queried.,*
Students have a false impression
of what will be profitable to them-
selves. They sabotage the educa-
tional process by becoming con-
cerned with credits and grades,
and not with the fundamentals of
"By retaining their misconcep-
tions, students lose their freedom
and preserve a myth that is to last
throughout the rest of their lives.
They settle for fringe benefits and
"Pluralistic ignorance' is the
term used by social scientists to
describe a situation in which
people don't get together to dis-
cgqver that each person has been
similarly misinformed about the
rest. Thus, an agent as McCarthy-
ism or the Broyles bill (Illinois
loyalty oath law) might create an
atmosphere in. which a liberal
lesson, since people no longer have
the same inner misconceptions."
"The fight for freedom is easier
where it is suppressed by force.
But here it is suppressed by ami-
ability and good will.
"Men don't feel they should
make a fuss. Their rebellion is
muted: they withdraw from their
work, and ultimately from them-
"As Hungary shows, there are
some uncontrollable environments.
Students realize this, but they
overgeneralize this truth, and thus
'Would Be Realistic$
Another student, Gus Coutsour-
akin, 158E, remarked that it would
"tend to reduce a certain amount
of apathy towards University rules'
on drinking. It would be a realistic
step towards a more sensible ap-
proach to the drinking problem."
George Quinnel, Grad., called
the idea bad because it "would
place too much responsibility on
the Union and is not a function of
Placing a taproom in the Union
would involve revising an Ann
Arbor ordinance saying that alco-
hol cannot be served by the glass
east of Division Street.
WASHINGTON (A') -
Undersecretary of State
Dillon said yesterday the
used some American mil:
equipment in their atta