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February 17, 1957 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1957-02-17

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.3

ran E
"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

"What IS 'Modern,' Anyhow?"

i1 r mi4gan Bagit
Sixty-Seventh Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: DALE McGHEE

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CHAMBER MUSIC:
Quartet Excels
In Romantic Music
THE QUARTETTO ITALIANO performed 'last night in Rackhamu
Auditorium quartets of Mozart (K. 465), Valentino Bucchi (No. 1),
and Debussy (Op. 10).
One of the most remarkable aspects of the playing of the visiting
Italians is their conception of ensemble string tone. Each composer is
rendered with an almost unique color. A light bow and a minimum of
vibrato produces an almost viol-like timbre fitting for early violin music

#'

Efficiency and Equity
In Military Service

TWO PROGRAMS to effect more equitable
and efficient use of American manpower for
military service were proposed recently.
The first, calling for six months basic train-
ing for National Guardsmen not previously in
active service, touched off a small explosion in
Washington. Although Secretary of Defense
Wilson may have been somewhat tactless in
terming enlistment in the Guard during the
Korean war as draft dodging and a "sort of
scandal," his charges hold a good deal of truth.
The Guard did harbor a sizeable number of
men who joined purely" to avoid the draft and
active military service.
While this is an unfortunate reflection on the
Guardsmen who have served the nation well,
it nevertheless is a situation needing remedy,
however late. The six months training pro-
gram will eliminate some of the draft dodging
and properly equip for military service a group
of men who are now at best only partially
trained.
THE SECOND proposal, made by Selective
Service Director Hershey, calls for military
training for 3,700,000 fathers and 4-F's, to be
called up in the event of a general mobilization.
This plan would remove some of the inequi-
ties and inefficiency of present manpower uti-
lization. While physical incapacity is good rea-
son for being excused from military service, the
circumstances of private life, with certain ex-
ceptions, are not.
Physically fit fathers have the same obliga-
tion to serve as their unparented contempo-
4

raries. It is patently unfair for the man who is
not a father either through choice or circum-
stance to have to spend two years of his life
doing something involuntarily while the father
slides by without doing his share.
As for those currently classified 4-F, many
men, incapacitated to the extent that they can-
not perform combat duty, can still be profitably
employed in the defense system. The modern
military establishment, with its heavy logistic
and administrative burden, needs trained men
to function in these areas, freeing the physi-
cally fit for more strenuous tasks and combat.
Fathers and many 4-F's can certainly be ex-
pected to fill these jobs.
AMERICA'S MILITARY might rests largely
in her technological and industrial strength.
But men are still needed and must be trained
for military missions. They must also be used
efficiently in the technological and industrial
elements of defense. Should the fight for survi-
val with the Communist world break into open
war, America will find herself seriously out-
numbered..
To win or even achieve a stalemate, more
than a technological advantage, slim as it now
is, will be necessary. All available manpower
will have to be organized in the most effective
manner possible.
Preparations for the eventuality of all-out
war, because of the speed with which it will
come, should begin now.4
-RICHARD HALLORAN
Editorial Director

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RACKHAM EXHIBITION:
Contemporary Art Tell Represented

Galens and an Incomplete' Drive

IN ITS RECENT withdrawal from the spring
Campus Chest drive, Galens Honorary Medi-
cal Society claimed the Society was "entirely
in accordance with the unification of fund
drives if they are complete."
This statement reiterates the basic purpose of
Campus Chest-complete combining of individ-
ual fund drives into a single effort.
Ironically, Galens' withdrawal from the
spring drive seems unjustified in light of its
own statement. By its non-participation,
Galens itself has made the Campus Chest drive
"incomplete."
T HE SOCIETY gave as additional reasons for
its withdrawal a "full schedule" in the
spring and fulfillment of its own needs for
the current year during its December city-wide
fund-raising drive.
Since its plans for a December fund drive
were set before all the problems of Campus

Chest were solved, Galens is probably justified
in its withdrawal from Campus Chest this year.
If Galens"withdrawal is based on the reasons
given and it is sincerely considering a change
in its policies in order to participate in Campus
Chest next year, this year's withdrawal is based
on sound consideration.
IF IT IS merely trying to, cover up doubts in
the outcome of the University's first all-
charity drive, or still maintains a sour-grapes
attitude over Student Government Council's
refusal to allow a separate on-campus drive in
December, its insincerity will be evident in the
action it takes next year.
We hope that Galens effects the necessary
internal policy changes in its traditional spirit
of service to the University in order that next
year's Campus Chest drive is the "complete"
one it would like to see.
-JAMES BOW

CONTEMPORARY art, in its di-
versified and indiviualized
approaches to medium and style,
is well represented in the faculty
art show in the Rackham galleries.
The exhibition, to be at Rack-
ham through Monday, illustrates
the modern emphasis on abstrac-
tion and the way in which differ-
ent artists abstracting simple sub-
jects can emerge with completely
different style, technique, pattern,
and color. The subject of all this
modern art is its composition; yet
each artist creates on canvas his
own individuality.
Albert Weber's control of me-
dium and his technique are not
surpassed in this show, nor indeed
are they surpassed very often. His
style is'in the manner of Cezanne
--that is, he is a formalist; his
compositions are fairly tight (per-
haps they are too well-organized
and not free enough, i.e. the dark
line outlining his Moby Dick) ; he
paints transparent layers of oils
atop each other.
Weber hasn't as much to say
about his subjects as Cezanne does.
Yet his style is fine. The chiaros-
curo, the tension of shadows
moving in and out, the balance of
masses, the subtle handling of
color and the blending of portions
of The Cliff are sensitive and ar-
tistic.
Weber's best work is that with
the last referential content. He is
not so successful- when he paints
flatly in The Spanish Village,
which has nice pattern but lacks
the interesting surface tension
present in most of Weber's paint-
ing. Nor is he as successful in his
completely decorative Matisse-like
The Striped Dress, although, as in
most of his work, he daringly and
u n a s h a m e d 1 y utilizes brilliant
color.

AS A DECORATIVE artist Leon-
ard Zamiska, too, often daringly
combines colors. (i.e. orange with
pink is a favorite of his). His color
sense is not as keen as Weber's,
however. Some of his paintings
could sell as travel posters (i.e.
Icon); others look like story-book
illustrations (i.e. Joseph with his
multi-colored robe).
Zamiska creates an interesting
contrast by applying paint in flat
opaque sections occasionally and
in other portions of the same
paintings, he utilizes tiny semi-
transparent lines of broken color
that are almost impressionistic.
His main fault lies in his muddy-
ing of some of the paintings by
overdoing the broken color.
* * *
FOR A COMPLETE CHANGE,
one can enter the next room of
the exhibition, where the works
of Tavelli and Mullen are. If the
viewer is unacquainted win mod-
ern art, his first impression might
be that the paintings are products
of a kindergarten drawing lesson.
Otherwise, he might imagine
that Jackson Pollack had left some
paintings here. The subject of
these paintings is the beauty of
the paint (or chalk or ink) when
almost accidentally applied.
There is no form to be conveyed,
so color and brushstroke and the
potentiality of conjuring up an
emotionalyresponse are the only
bases for value judgement.
Albert Mullen's oils are exciting,
because of his vivid and expressive
use of color. His Garden No. 3 in
vibrant full strokes of green and
sweeping rich blues with touches
of many other colors does look
garden-like from a distance.
And his Autumn in its golden
glory almost smells of burning
leaves. Mullen is not so successful
in his ink drawings; his artistic

flair lies more in his full, free, un-
embarrassed flaunting of color.
* * *
IN HIS ATTEMPT to achieve a
sponteneity and freedom of line,
Louis Tavelli attains nothing else.
His colors are taken from the tube
and are neither blended nor ar-
tistically selected.
Ink was not invented to be
smeared in combination with lines
of chalk, as Tavelli does in his
Pastels,
J. E. L. Eldridge primarily ex-
hibits paintings of the same type:
large, swirly, fluent, vaporous
forms, which appear as though the
paint had been sprayed. He has a
feeling for form and harmony, but
the technique is what interests the
viewer.
Several paintings (i.e. Insectile
Lilt) look like finger-paintings;
ink or paint was probably wiped
off in broad sweeping motions.
Eldridge experimented with some
sprayed collage, like Honey Tube
Time to a Tickle.
He generally uses only a few
colors, mostly red, silver, black,
and yellow-not interesting and
vivid shades.
* * *
ALSO exhibited are some sculp-
tures of Jim Miller: ceramic Mod-
igliani-type heads, a few graceful
and fresh figures like the Dancer
with the pony tail.
Some of the metal sculpture is
mechanical-looking as are his fig-
ure drawings; they are a cross be-
tween robots and Charles Adams
cartoon characters with their ribs
exposed.
Whether the viewers like this{
show or not, this is modern art.
This is the work of representative
members of the faculty of the
College of Architecture and De-
sign.
Linda Goodman

(witness the Vitali and Neri on
Friday evening). Mozart is more
glistening; and Prokoflev and Buc-
chi stood apart like morning and
night.
The feeling for ensemble is fab-
ulous. In the Mozart, the instru-
ments are equalized in 'a weaving
of individual lines; but in the
Bucchi, the players constitute one
homogenous sonority. Introspec-
tion into the character of the
works is devoted and knows no
oversight; and the interpretations
become superbly balanced, memor-
able.
* * *
THE QUARTET of Valentino
Bucchi is too personal to try to
create or belong to any "school."
A sequence of textural fragments,
counter-posed, lovingly reiterated,
becomes the technique of composi-
tion. What seems to be kt first
glance incoherent rambling be-
comes through its insistence the
very principle of coherence.
One could parallel the work of
Bucchi with the quartet of the
American composer John Cage,
except that the latter is obviously
more experimental. Indeed, Cage
concludes with "an evocation of
street tunes," and the main theme
of the "Epilogo" of the Bucchi
is something of a carnival march,
almost in season.
* * *
THE ITALIANS did the best
they could with the Debussy, yet
the famed Impressionist was slug-
gish and refused to follow. Only
the second movement was tender
and fleeting; and it sounded
Spanish and was well plucked.
The third movement was a mono-
logue, dialogue and structure of
over-sweet perfume; and the first
movement picked at withered
petals, piled up like match-boxes.
The quartet was not even a very
successful applause-provoker, and
that through no fault of the per-
formers.
* * *
ALTHOUGH WE have gotten
barely past a whole year of Mozart
celebrations and performances of
all sorts, the new offering of his
work is still to be accepted with
gratitude. For one, his output
seems to be never ceasing; and for
another, he was no mean dabbler.
The Mozart quartet heard last
night is one of the greatest compo-
sitions ever put on paper. Its
tonal wanderings and libertine
shiftiness are akin to Shakespeare;
its dances are the essence of move-
ment captured in a symphonic
image. It was angelically played,
music pure like a virgin yet with-
out the parade of stuffy merits of
the latter; music tuneful, leaping
with energy, alive.
-Avo Somer
LETTERS
to the
EDITOR -
Time Says So...
To the Editor:
IN REFERENCE to the letter of
John A. Roberts, '60, Feb. 13,
which reads Giant is "the best
production of Hollywood this
year."
Well, if Time says so... .
-.-Hilda Engle, '57

SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1957
VOL. LXVII, NO. 94
Lectures
Barbara Ward, British economist,
author and lecturer, wil Ispeak at
Hill auditorium -Tues., Feb. 19 at 8130
p.m., the sixth in a series on the Ora-
torical Association. Her subject: "The
Untiy of the Free World". Tickets on
sale tomorrow and Tues at the Audi.
torium box office.
University Lecture. Dr. Charles F.
Hockett, professor of linguistics Obr-
nell University, will speak on "Human
Language and Animal communication"
Mon., Feb. 18, 4:00 p.m., Aud. C, An-
gel Hall. Sponsored by the Dept. of
Anthropology; open to the public.
Academic Notices
Philosophy 34 final make-up Wed.,
Feb. 20, 2:00-5:00 p.m., Room 2208, An-
gel IHall.
Botany I Fall Semester Make-up F-
nal examination Tues., evening, Feb.
26, 7:00-10:00 p.m. in Room 2033, Nat-
ural Science Building.
1957-58 Scholarships for Engineers.
Applications are now being accepted
for 1957-58 scholarships in Engineering.
Blanks are available in the Office of
the Secretary, 263 West Engineering
Building. Closing date for making ap-
plication Is March 1, 1957. See bulletin
board notices for further details.
The Extension Service announces the
following class to be held in Ann Arbor
beginning Wed., Feb. 20:
The Romantic Viewpoint in the Arts.
7:30 p.m. Auditorium B, Angell Hall.
This lecture course will explore both
the work of individual artists and cer-
tain cultural movements reflected in
the arts. Lectures and panels. Ten
weeks. $15.00. Lecturers, Prof. Marvin
Felhelm, Prof. H. Wiley Hitchcock,
Prof. Marvin J. Eisenberg, and Prof.
Leonard K. Eaton.
Registration for this class may be
made in Room 4501 of the Administra-
tion Building on South State Street
during University office hours and in
Room 164 of the School of Business Ad-
ministration, Corner of Monroe and
Tappan, from 6:30 to 9:30 p.m. Mon.
through Wed., Feb. 18, 19 and 20.
Seminar on the Foundations of the
Theory of Probability. Organization
meeting will be held on Monday, Feb-
ruary 18 at 3:00 p.m. in Room 2016
AngellHall. Speaker: A. H. Copeland.
Mathematics Colloquium: Tuesday.
February 19 at 4:10 p.m. in Room 3011
Angell Hall. Prof. Oscar Wesler will
speak on "Topology, Group Theory
and Statistics." Tea and coffee will be
served at 3:45 in Room 3212 Angell Hall.
Beginning with Tues., Feb. 19 the
following schools will have representa-
tives at the Bureau of Appointments
to Interview teachers for the 1957-58
school year.
Tues., Feb. 19
St. Clair Shores, Michigan - Elemen-
tary; Special Education (Deaf, Visit-
Ing Teacher, Orthopedic).
Walled Lake, Michigan-Elementary.
Fontana, California - Elementary;
Junior High Arithmetic; English/S;
Counselor; 'Senior High Girls Physical
Education; Language/Art.
Thurs., Feb. 21
Flint, Michigan - All Elementary
Special Education (Mentally Retarded);
Art; Elementary and Secondary Vocal
& Instrumental Music; Science; Ele-
mentary & Secondary Girls Physical
Education; Elementary & Secondary
Boys Physical Education; Math; Home
Economics; Industrial Arts; Speech Cor-
rection; Auto Mechanics.
Battle Creek, Michigan - All Ele-
mentary; Special Education; Speech
Correction; English; Social Studies
Math; General Science; Home Econom-
ics; Girls Counselor; Special Reading
(for secondary.)
Fri., Feb. 22
Flint, Michigan - See Above.
Los Angeles, California - Al Ele-
mentary; Industrial Arts; Math; Sci-
ence; English; Social Studies; Business
Education; Home Economics Girls Phy-
sical Education.
For additional information and ap-
pointments contact the Bureau of Ap-
pointments 3528 Administration Build-
ing, NO 3-1511, Ext. 489.
Organization f
Noices
Use of this column is restricted to
OFFICIALLY REGISTERED student or-
ganizations. Registration forms are
available in the Office of Student Af-
fairs, 1020 Administration Building.
Registration for the current semester
should be completed not later than

March 2.
Graduate Outing Club, Tobogganing
and Supper, Feb. 17, 2 p.m., Rackham.
* s s
University of Michigan Folk Danc-
ers, a program of basic dances, new
members welcome, Feb. 18, 7:30-10:00
p.m., Lane Hall.
* s s
Undergraduate Math Club, meeting,
Feb. 19, 7:30 p.m., 3201 A.H.
* *
Contemporary Literature Club, meet-
ing Feb. 18, 7:30 p.m., Union room 3A,
* k**
B'Nai B'rith Hillel Foundation, Sup-
per Club, Feb. 17, Hillel
* * *
The Congregational and Disciples
Student Guild, World Day of Prayer

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN

'4

1Ā¢

I

0

A 'College' Becomes a 'University'

E

ONLY GOVERNOR G. Mennen William's
signature is needed to give Michigan its
fourth university-at least in name-and it is
highly unlikely he will refuse it.
A bill to change the name of Western Michi-
gan College to Western Michigan University
has passed both houses of the State Legislature
and now waits the Governor's approval.
It is interesting to note there has been little,
if any, of the noisy objections that surrounded
the recent similar change in the title of Michi-
gan State-a much larger institution. Objec-
tions to the Western change may have been
present, but they were not given the volume
of coverage which State's critics received.
The apparent general agreement that West-
ern has reached the status of a university-
whatever that is-appears to have been justi-
fled.
WHILE THE NAME or title of a higher edu-
cational institution in this country signifies
virtually nothing, we believe that the change,
in this case, does indicate progress of the
school. The terms "college" and "university"
are constantly being abused in America, making
a consistent distinction between the two some-
what vague.
Editorial Staff
RICHARD bNYDER. Editor
RICHARD *HALLORAN A LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOLDSTEIN .............Personnel Director
ERNEST THEODOSSIN .. .......Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK ... Associate Editorial Director
MAR'Y ANN THOMAS............... Features Editor
DAVID GREY. ......... .Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER........... Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN REILPERN ........Associate Sports Editor
VIRGINIA ROBERTSON...... .. . Women's Editor
JANE FOWLER ............Associate women's Editor
ARLINE LEWITS.............Women's Feature Editor
JIOHN HIRTZEL.........Chief Photographer
Business Staff
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager .
MILTON GOLDSTEIN Associate Business Manager
WILLIAM 0USCH..............Advertising Manager
CHARLES WILSON . . . .... inance Manager

Despite this, educators have made some pro-
gress in separating the two: "college" tending to
mean a higher educational institution where
courses lead to a bachelor of arts degree;
"university" tending to indicate a group of
colleges or departments where work can lead
to a master's or doctor's degree as well as a,
bachelors.
Universities, If Michigan is an example, also
devote considerable effort to research and
"widening of human knowledge."
QO MUCH FOR definitions. What about West-
. ern? Compared to this University, Michigan
State and Wayne, it is hardly impressive-at.
least in size. Western's enrollment will exceed
6.000 this semester, with over 500 of them
graduates. It has always been primarily a
teachers' school, now offering a master's degree
with specialization in education. But it offers
bachelor's degrees in arts, science, music and
business administration from its five different
schools.
The change can actually do little more than
increase the prestige of Western because the
value of any school really depends on its his-
tory, objectives and methods.
But the change from Western Michigan Col-
lege to Western Michigan University-for which
we extend congratulations-does seem war-
ranted; and it does show that schools do not
necessarily have to be big to be universities.
--DAVID TARR
New Books at the Library
Azuela, Mariano-Two Novels of Mexico: the
Flies, the Bosses. Berkeley, University of Cali-
fornia press, 1956.
Browne, Douglas G.-The Rise of Scotland
Yard, a History. N.Y., Putnam's, 1956.
Cannon, Poppy-A Gentle Knight. N.Y.,
Rinehart, 1956.
Capote, Truman -- The Muses are Heard.
N.Y., Random House, 1956.
Fisher, Vardis - A Goat for Azazel. Denver,
Alan Swallow, 1957.
Gernsheim, Helmut and Alison-L.J.M. Da-
guerre. Cleveland and N.Y., The World publ.
co., 1956.

4

4

TALKING ON TELEVISION:
And In This Corner, Weighing 190.. .

#1

By LARRY EINHORN
Daily Television Writer
A FEW MONTHS back I was
thinking out loud rather face-
tiously, as I often do, about the
plight of the television quiz pro-
grams. At that time it seemed as
though they had become quite out
of hand, with talk of shows that
would give up to one million dol-
lars away to victorious contestants.
It was then that the thought oc-
curred that eventually the quiz
show would take over television,
and the only goal one could seek
would be how many quiz programs
he could conquer.
Contestants would jump from
one quiz program to another,
challenging other winners, and the
whole thing would wind up in sort
of a World Series of quiz programs.
Don't look now, sports fans, but
someone who has the authority
to start such an evolution has
started to set this plan in opera-
tion, mainly the producers of the
two biggest quiz programs on tele-
vision.
* * *
THERE SEEMS to be one Char-
les Van Doren, who besides being
a very smart young man also has
the charm and appeal of the best

specializing in everything. He won
$64,000 on a quiz show which gives
away that much money, and is
currently on its sister show, "The
$64,000 Challenge."
At present he is challenging any-
one in the United States on any
subject, and even the best mathe-
maticians would have a difficult
time figuring out how much he
has won, because he has so many
matches going at once.
He is challenging a few college
professors who are answering ques-
tions in their own field, which
seems ridiculous in that the pop-
ular appeal of the quiz programs
thus far has been based on the
average person answering ques-
tions in a field which he has
studied only as a pastime.
And so the situation begins to
unfold. Two weeks ago, on "Chal-
lenge," Mr. Nagler publicly chal-
lenged Van Doren to appear on
"Challenge" and that Nagler
would allow Van Doren to- chal-
lenge him on any subject on the
board.
Van Doren accepted the chal-
lenge and invited Nagler to appear
on his program and challenge him.
The next Sunday Nagler stated

of a race to see who can win the
most money.
Curiously enough, the present
leader in that race is neither Nag-
ler nor Van Doren, but Leonard
Ross, who has thus far won $164,-
000 by successfully winning the
summit on both "The Big Sur-
prise" and "The $64,000 Chal-
lenge." He was the first person to
cross the network lines by appear-
ing on major quiz programs on
both NBC and CBS.
But this was a little different
story, since both of these programs
are owned by the same producers,
which made it a routine transi-
tion. But then, he is only an ex-
pert on the stock market and thus
could not "challenge anyone in the
United States on any subject."
* - * *
THERE ARE a few interesting
aspects involved if this challenge
of all challenges between Nagler
and Van Doren ever comes about.
It is evident that eventually (al-
though the producers would prob-
ably like to see it go on forever)
one of them would defeat the
other.
Then he would be riding the
champion's role on both programs
at once. If you want to carry it

the same group which owns the
two $64,000 programs.
Barry was fired in the middle
of the season by ihis group and
had some bitter words to say to
the press at the time about the
way in which he was treated while
in their employ, and the way in
which he found out about his
firing (reading about it in the
papers). Now why would Barry
consent to letting Van Doren ap-
pear on a program which is spon-
sored by this same group?
This brings up the question as
to whether Barry has any control
over Van Doren's appearances on
other quiz programs while he is
appearing on "Twenty-One." It
wouldn't seem that contestants
have to sign exclusive contracts
with quiz programs.
* * *
ANYWAY, the whole thing is
just a bunch of good publicity for
both programs. If they really
wanted to work out a match be-
tween the two contestants it would
be very easy to arrangĀ° for a meet-
ing between the producers of the
two programs and arrive at a de-
cision as to the time, money and
place of battle.
They wouldn't have to go

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