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February 13, 1957 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1957-02-13

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See Page4



:4Ia ity

Latest Deadline in the State




US. Denounces Russian Plan for Mid-Eas
White House Soviets Ask I

't Crisis

Labels Bid
Senate Body Rejects
Attempts to Cut Aid
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The U n i t e d
States swiftly turned down yester-
day Russia's terms for cooperat-
; ing with the West to end Middle
sn tensions.
fusal followed hard on the
a decision by a joint Sen-
committee not to cut President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's Middle
East resolution in half and side
track his 200-million-dollar for-
eign aid program for the area.
The White House denounced the
six-point Soviet proposal as a
transparent bid to wreck Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower's plan
to guard the region against Coi-
munist aggressioh.
Try To Discredit
- Speaking a few hours after the
Russian proposal 'was made pub-
lic, sPresidential press secretary
James C. Hagerty said:
"Obviously this is a Russian
move to try to discredit or stop
the Eisenhower plan for the Mid-
dle East."
Hagerty's comnient, issued at
the President's vacation headquar-
ters at Thomasville, Ga., summed
up the cold reception to the So-
viet proposal which was evident at
the State Department.
Top officials after a quick study
'labeled it a Soviet "propaganda
hodgepodge" aimed at persuading
Arab ,countries that Moscow can
be counted on as their only real
friend in the area.
Not Be Fooled
These officials forecast that
Arab governments would not be
fooled by Moscow's efort to wrap
into ja new package such repeated-
ly rejected demands as disman-
tling of Western bases in the area,
' withdrawal of Allied forces and a
scrapping of all defense alliances.
The senate committee's action
was an important victory for the
administration and pointed to
eventual passage of the resolution
in a form acceptable to President
The Foreign Relations and
Armed Services committees, meet-
ing in a joint closed session, was
reported to have voted 17-11
fainst limiting the resolution to
le section authorizing the Presi-
nt to employ United States
med forces in the Middle East
necessary to stem Communist
nitial congressional reaction to
fection of the Soviet bid clearly
- ected the administration's view
ough Senator John Sparkman
I\la) said he "wouldn't like to
t the proposal turned down
Dismisses Offer l
Sen. Sparkman dismissed, how-
er, Russia's offer to cooperate in
East-West economic aid pro-
Gram in the Middle East by say-
"I don't believe we have reached
the point of progress in our rela-
tions with Russia where we can
accept a proposal to cooperate with
'them in an economic program in
any area of the world.
President Eisenhower's Middle
East policy resolution is now before
the Senate Foreign Relations and
Armed Services committees, hav-
ing been approved earlier by the
House. It would give the President
advance approval to use United
States military forces against any
open Communist aggression in the
And, in its present form, it
would authorize an emergency mil-
itary-economic aid program for

the Middle East, ranging up to 200
million dollars this fiscal year.
An attempt to cut the aid fea-
tures out of the resolution was de-
feated at yesterday's session of the
committees. This -ecision, reported
to have been taken on a 17-11 vote,
was a major victory for the ad-
Fraternity Rush
Meeting Tonight
Head football coach Benny Oos-
terbaan will speak at a mass rush-

-Daily-Irvin Henrikson
MOTION DRAFTERS-South Quad councilmen William "Gus"
Ginter, Jesse Meyers, and Tom Joles put their heads together as
they hurry to draft an "acceptable" motion on the recent expul-
sion of three quadrangle residents.
Quad Council Asks Facts
On Unexplained Expulsions
A resolution requesting an explanation of the University's re-
cent expulsion of three men from South Quadrangle was passed
unanimously by the Quad Council last night.
Until the explanation is received, the resolution said, "we can-
not condone such action."
Asked to Leave
The three students, David Gumenick, '59, Jeffery Mandel, '59,
and Roger Gottfried, '59, were asked to leave the quad, after two of
their names had appeared in a Detroit newspaper article concerning
last December's "food riot."
The resolution was Passed after Mark Noffsinger, resident direc-
Ctor of South Quad, had appeared

Plana Gains
Britain and Canada yesterday en-
dorsed the new United States
compromise proposal designed to
get Israel's forces out of Egypt
and-the Gaza Strip.
Most United Nations diplomats
appeared to welcome the sudden
American initiative, but cautiously
withheld comment . pending a
statement from Israel. Israeli rep-
resentatives here awaited word
from Jerusalem.
The new turn of events delayed
a new round of debate in the Gen-
eral Assembly. Delegates now ex-
pect no meeting until late in the
Egpt, whose foreign minister,
Mahmoud Fawzi, was filled in on
the United States plan, was re-
ported "not unhappy" over the
The proposals as worked out by
Secretary of State John Foster
Dulles in consultation with Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower, State
Department officials and repre-
sentatives of some friendly coun-
tries, calls for the United States
to give public support to the prin-
ciple of free shipping in the Gulf
of Aqaba.
Garg Meeting
A Gargoyle tryout meeting will
be held at 7:30 p.m. in the Student
Publications Building for those
interested in work on the edit,
art or business staffs.
Gargoyle is the all-campus hu-
mor magazine.

before the council to discuss the
Noffsinger said they took place
for "multiple considerations," but
refused to "delineate other con-
siderations" than their calls to'
the newspapers, because "I would
never defame a boys' character."
At the start of the meeting he
told the body that the men had
been poor citizens of the quad
before Dec. 3, and he did not think
they would have been approved
for re-entrance next September
even in the absence of the food
High ,Point
After Noffsinger had answered
questions for almost half of the
three hour meeting, a high point
of -tension was reached when the
three expelled men walked into
the room following a quick tele-
phone call from a quad resident.
When one of the men said he
knew of no reason for his expul-
sion other than his connection
with the newspaper,-he requested
Noffsinger "to explain all the rea-
sons. Go ahead, I want everything
to come out - the whole thing
cleared up right now."
Noffsinger answered, "I will not
stoop so low as to defame the
boy's character. A mighty poor
Resident Director I'd be if I did."
Not His Alone
He made it clear that expulsion
was not his decision alone. Vice-
President for Student Affairs
James A. Lewis, Dean of Men
Walter B. Rea, and the three quad
resident directors were all respon-
sible for the unanimous decision.
The students claimed they had
no clear knowledge of why they
were asked to leave.
No student judiciary body was
involved in the decision. South
Quad Judic has never had juris-
diction over students caught
drinking in the arboretum Noff-
singer analogized

6-Point Plan
For Region
MOSCOW (MP-The Soviet Unio
proposed yesterday a co-operative
Big Four effort to guarantee peac
in the explosive Middle East.
It would include agreement or
an economic development pro-
gram, ending of arms shipment
and junking of Western bases in
the area.
Outlining a six-point Middle
East proposal to the Supreme So-
viet (parliament), Foreign Minis-
ter Dmitr Shepilov said the Rus-
sians are ready "to examine every
initiative which would ease rela-
tions between the Soviet Union
and the big three Western powers.
'Stubborn Opposition'
"But while our peaceful ,foreign
policy is meeting with stubborn
Iopposition from the ruling circles
of certain capitalist states, wewill
continue to develop our glorious
armed forces and hold our rifles
in our hands," Shepilov said.
Then, to loud applause from the
1,300 deputies, he added: "And not
only our rifles."
Shepilov said the Soviet propos-
als had been sent to the United
States, British and French am-
The program he outlined was
viewed by Western diplomats here
as the Kremlin's answer to Presi-
dent Dwight D Eisenhower's doc-
trine for stabilizing the Middle
Conciliatory and Unyielding
Seeming conciliatory on some
points and unyielding on others,
Shepilov outlined these six points
to the Middle East:
1. Maintenance of peace in the
Near and Middle East through
settling disputed questions exclu-
sively by peaceful means, by ne-
2. Noninterference in the inter-
nal affairs of the Near and Middle
East; respect for sovereignty and
3. Renunciation of any attempts
to include these countries in mili-
tary blocs with the participation
of the great powers.
4. Liquidation of foreign bases
and withdrawal of foreign troops.
5. Mutual renunciation of the
supply of arms.
6. Cooperation toward economic
development without making any
political, military or other condi-
tions whatsoever "incompatable
with the dignity and sovereignty
of these countries."
U.S. Labeled
'A ggressor'
The Soviet Union last night ac-
cused the United States of aggres-
sive actions around the world and
called for a General Assembly de-
bate on the situation.
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Vass ilyn Kuznetsov made the
charges in a letter to PrinceWan
Waithayakon, president of the
United Nations General Assembly.
He asked for action by the As-
sembly without delay.
Kuznetsov charged that the
United States has committed ag-
gressive actions by building mili-
tary bases in western Europe, Tur-
key, Iran, Japan and Okinawa,
capable of using atomic weapons.
He charged also that American
bases in England, France, Britain,
West Germany, Italy, Turkey and
Iran constitute a threat to peace.
Kuznetsov complained that the
United States budget contained
unprecedented expenses for war
He said money was being ap-
propriated to build new bases in

Brazil, a jet plane base in Pakis-
tan, and Air Force bases in Taiwan
and West Germany.
Kuznetsov did not present a
resolution. The procedure will be
for the Assembly Steering Com-
mittee to decide whether to rec-
ommend consideration of this new
item. The committee will meet to-
It will be up to the Assembly,
now attempting to wind up the
eleventh regular session, to decide
finally whether it wants to take on
the new complaint.
Student Arrested





World News
By The Associated Press
Aid Cut Hinted .. .
TOKYO - Benjamin Fairless
said yesterday "if any country
wants comunism, my answer to
that is to let them have commu-
The chairman of President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's Citizens
Committee on Foreign Aid hinted
at a news conference the com-
mittee's March 1 report may rec-
ommend a cut in American as-
sistance to uncommitted Asian
nations, the neutrals in East-
West affairs.
"Undoubtedly," he said, "Europe
would have gone Communistic"
except for America's postwar
Marshall Plan support.
Oil Inquiry ...
WASHINGTON (A) - Spokes-
men for independent oil produc-
ers contended yesterday that in-
dustry costs have outrun income
and the recent oil price boost
was justified regardless of what
happened in the Middle East.
Justified or not, Senate investi-
gators were told that the higher
prices will raise the fuel bill of
the armed services by 85 million
dollars a year, hike costs of muni-
cipal power plants by nearly 30
millions, and put some of these
plants out of business,
* * * *
DAR Reply Ā«-.
dent of the Daughters of the Am-
erican Revolution said yesterday
the DAR "believes that a little
boy of Mexican origin is as en-
titled to carry an American flag
as any other citizen."
* * *
Dock StrikeĀ«..
NEW YORK (?P)-The Interna-
tional Longshoremen's Assn. last
night ordered an Atlantic Coast
strike of 45,000 dockers from
Maine to Virginia.
Scores of ships were caught in
the tieup.
However, the negotiations con-
tinued with the union reported
very close to an agreement with
Male Students
Outnumber V
Coeds By2-1
Coeds may be consoled by the
University's latest men-to-women
ratio released yesterday by Ed-
ward G. Grosebeck, director of the
Office of Registration and Records.
There are 2.11 men students for
each female residence credit stu-
dent. in Ann Arbor, the second
semester enrollment breakdown
figures reveal. This represents an
increase of .01 from the former
Compared with registration for
Spring 1956, ten schools increased
in size and five decreased, result-
ing in a total residence credit
increase of 5.9 per cent, or 1,133.
The graduate school led the
perennial upward trend with an
increase of 433 over its former
figure of 3,908. The Ann Arbor
graduate branch noted a rise of
248 to 3,101, while out-state cen-
ters jumped from 1,055 to 1,240.
Engineering students accounted
for the second largest ascent. En-
gineering school enrollment rose
274 from a February, 1956 total

of 2,439 to the present 2,713 level.
The most significant drop was

Faculty Approves
Honors Council
Literary college faculty approval of organizing college activities
on behalf of the superior student was announced yesterday by Dean
Charles E. Odegaard.
At a meeting Monday the faculty approved a committee proposal
to establish an Honors Council. The aim of the Council is to increase
educational opportunities by recruiting superior students, establish-
ing special sections in large lecture courses, and developing more
interdepartment honors programs and tutorial arrangements. Read-
ing courses, junior honors programs and special courses will also be
increased under the new plan.
Prof. E. Lowell Kelly of the psychology department, chairman
of the committee_ said Drobable,' -


Ul Ulu UV111411 aiiGG, ZU'Lu ',wnhal
effects of the new program would
One or More
1) "Permitting at least half the
students in literary college to take
one or more honors sections some-
time during his four years at col-
lege, depending on his capabilities;
2) "Enabling the superior stu-
dent to take honors courses in
more than one department;
3) "An improved intellectual
climate because of stimulation
of more student interest and in-
creased faculty participation. The
result of this would be an in-
creased emphasis on the value of
superior achievement."
The Council will seek and re-
cruit superior students, including
those still in high school, who
would be given special counselling
for promotion and utilization of
intellectual interests and abilities.
Stimulus for Opportunity
Made up of faculty members of
each department, the Honors
Council will act as a stimulus for
initiating and developing educa-
tional opportunities.
It will be responsible for bring-
ing students with superior train-
ing and ability to the attention
of the literary college. Early de-
tection of superior students may
be handled through competitive
examinations to insure the col-
lege that highly qualified students
will be recognized.
A special group of advisors
working with the Council will de-
sign educational programs suited
to the individual's ability by care-
fully studying his interests, capa-
bilities and previous educational
The group called it important
to have as counselors faculty men
fully acquainted with opportuni-
ties available in the University.
Develop Policies
The proposed group will develop
policies and review administra-
tive practives. The committee re-
commended the Council be given
the authority to waive rules con-
cerning course loads and gradua-
tion requirements under appropri-
ate circumstances.
A five-man executive committee
under a director appointed by the
Dean and Executive Committee
of the literary college will have
administrative responsibility.

Reds Reject
Moscow Tie'
..NEW YORK (P)-The American
Communist party yesterday de-
clared its independence of Mos-
It voted overwhelmingly in the
final session of a four-day conven-
tion to do its own interpreting of
Marxist-Leninist principles.
Such action-following a Com-
munist course along independent
and national lines-is commonly
called "Titoism," although the
American Communists did not use
that term.
Max Weiss, the party's national
education director, described the
move as "an explicit declaration
of the independent and 'equal
status of our party in relation to
the world Communist movement."
He said this ended a tradition
"by which we tacitly assumed that
the interpretation of Marxism-
Leninism made by the Communist
party of the Soviet Union was
ipso facto valid and all we had to
do was creatively apply their in-
terpretations to our -conditions."
Weiss introduced the resolution.
It said American Communists
would interpret and apply Marx-
ist-Leninist principles "in accord-
ance with the requirements of the
American class struggle and demo-
cratic traditions."
It stressed that American Com-
munists rejected as obsolete and
incorrect old Red theories of the
inevitability of war and revolu-
tion. __
Katona to Talk
A Budapest-born University pro-
fessor who accompanied Vice-
President Richard M. Nixon on his
recent trip to Austria will speak
today on the meaning of the Hun-
garian revolution.
Prof. George Katona of the eco-
nomics and psychology depart-
ments will appear as second
speaker in the "Town Talks" series
at 8 p.m. in Ann Arbor High
School's West Cafeteria.

Five plans of possible action
against Sigma Kappa sorority will
comprise the report to Student
Government Council from its
Sigma Kappa committee.
No one plan is recommended by
the committee. All five will be
presented for SGC's considera-
tion at its meeting at 7:30 p.m.
today in the Union.
Prior to the presentation of the
report, SGC will elect a new presi-
dent to replace President Bill
Adams, Grad., whose announced
resignation will take effect with
the election. Joe Collins, '58, is
the only announced candidate for
the presidency.
New Chairman
Immediately following the elec-
tion the new president would be-
come chairman of the meeting.
The five plans of action, as de-
scribed by the committee chair-
man, Union President, Roy Lave,
'57E, are:
1) SGC would allow Sigma Kap-
pa until Sept. 1958 to resolve the
violation Recognition would then
be withdrawn unless the sorority
"takes action to remove or alter
the racial discriminatalon in their
membership policy."
2) In addition, the local Alpha
Mu chapter would not be per-
mitted, after Sept. 1957, to take
the regular steps of perpetuating
its membership, i.e., rushing,
pledging, initiating.
Until September 1957
3) SGC would allow Sigma Kap-
pa until Sept. 1957 to resolve the
violation. Recognition would then
be withdrawn. The local chapter
would immediately be denied the
right to perpetuate its member-
ship, including activation of pres-
ent pledges.
4) Immediate withdrawal of
recognition of the local chapter.
5) SGC would allow Sigma Kap-
pa until June 1957 to resolve the
violation. Recognition would then
be withdrawn. The local chapter
would be immediately deniedthe
right to perpetuate its member-
Lave explained each of the
plans "has a distinct advantage
in the consideration," and that
these would be explained at to-
day's meeting.
Lave said the committee de-
cided to present several plans in-
stead of a single r'ecommendation
because of disagreement among
committee members.
Sigma Kappa local President
Pat Miller, '58Ed, appeared before
the committee yesterday to stats
the sorority's position.
"We as Alpha Mu's do not feel
guilty," Miss Miller said, "and do
not wish to place a penalty upon
ourselves, but wish to leave the
decision up to SGC, believing that
they will treat us fairly and
To Implement
Dec. 5 Decision
Student Government Council's
action tonight-will be a 'follow-up
on its Dec. 5 decision that Sigma,.
Kappa did not meet the recogni-
tion requirements of the Univer-
The issue was raised last fall,
after the National Council of Sig-
ma Kappa had, during the su-'
me , suspended the charter of Its


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