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"When Opinions Am rein
Truth wull Prevau-"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
THURSDAY, MAY 16, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS BLUES
Big Business Too 'Big'
To Finance Higher Education
ICE-PRESIDENT Richard Nixon's recent
proposal to allow private concerns to help
pay for part of the cost of running our edu-
cational system by making contributions paid
to colleges deductible for income tax purposes
shows very little foresight on his part. Mr.
Nixon doesn't seem to realize the effect such
a plan would have upon the schools.
If the state governments continued their
present policy of steadily reducing aid to col-
leges, educational systems throughout the coun-
try would eventually become dependent upon
big business for their major source of revenue.
This situation could possibly lead to domination
and later control of the school by private con-
Big business could, if they desired to, dictate
or strongly influence where the money was to
be allocated and what curriculums were to be
offered. If the schools did not agree with their
desires, contributions could be stopped. Schools
would be forced to comply with their wishes.
Education is the responsibility of every
United States citizen. This responsibility has
been sadly neglected during the past months.
When colleges have to depend on such unstable
and unreliable sources of revenue as private
contribution, a serious reevaluation of what
kind of education we want for the future lead-
ers must be taken.
THROUGHOUT the country, cries of "Big
business is too big" are heard. These same
individuals are the ones that shout "Federal
aid to education is impossible." Congress is
unwilling to allocate money to schools, yet they
are quick to turn over the responsibility of edu-
cation to other sources.
Education is the responsibility of each indi-
vidual state. Neither federal aid nor private
contributions is the answer to the educational
problem our country is now faced with. The
responsibility rests with the governments of
every state, and thus each state's citizens. For
the good of our country, this responsibility must
not be neglected as it has been in the past. '
"It's Time To Get Into My Roomier-Than-Ever Car And
Get The Kids At The More-Crowded-Than-Ever School".
S f L
ROil Companies Strike It Rich
By DREW PEARSON
IN NEW YORK:
Billy Graham Sounds
Power ful Call to God
By The Associated Press
A TALL, AMIABLE man from the hill country strode into the midst
of the world's greatest city this week to sound a power-packed call
Billy Graham, a roving preacher who has stirred the multitudes
with his message in hamlets and cities around the globe, is opening his
drive to rouse the giant of them all.
"New York," he said, "is our Jerusalem."
For three months now, Graham has been in semiseclusion at his
mountainside home near Montreat, N.C., plowing his garden, shear-
ing sheep, planting grass - and studying and praying for his keenest
"It is the greatest opportunity and responsibility I've ever had,"
he said in a telephone interview.
ALL THROUGH the period of Graham's personal preparation, and
for two years before, a powerful array of religious forces has been gath-
Central Government Too Big
PRESIDENT EISENHOWER chose to defend
his budget almost solely on the grounds of
military necessity in his: speech Tuesday night.
From a political standpoint this was a good
idea since more than half of the proposed
expenditures are earmarked for the military.
At the same time, however, he neglected to
mention that three years ago the United States
spent two billion dollars more on defense thane
Is proposed for this year, while the budget Was
substantially lower. The increase is not coming
from the need to "wage peace and prevent
It is coming from the domestic expenditures;
14 new state aid programs are scheduled for
this year, making a total of 67. This is too_.
many. The states are not so poverty-stricken
as to require 67 separate kinds of federal aid.
HEECONOMY of federal aid to states is
highly debatable. All federal money comes
from the people of the states in the first place,
in the form of taxes on personal and corpora-
tion incomes. The , government simply serves
as a middleman between each state and its
citizens, and takes the middleman's cut. If each
of these 67 aid programs is iecessary, it would
be just as easy, and cheaper, to let the states
tax the people directly for them. This is one
way to reduce the budget without impairment
of national defense.
The President also took occasion to mention
the necessity of payment of debt interest. He.
did not mention that this debt which must be
paid, as he says, now equals the sum of the
assessed value of all property in the United
States. In other words, the country is mortgaged
to the hilt. It is time to start reducing the
We are now living in an era of unprecedented
prosperity, yet we are unable to reduce the
national debt. This is frightening. If the debt
cannot be cut now, how will it ever be cut
SENATOR HARRY BYRD, of Virginia has
offered his annual budget reduction, pro-
posing a cut of six billion dollars. Other mem-
bers of Congress have spoken of three billion
dollars being lopped off. Perhaps this money
can be used to, make a dent in the debt. Then
there are those 67 state aid programs; some of
them should be expendable.
The problem, which President Eisenhower
overlooked Tuesday, is a question of debt pay-,
ment and reduction ot non-essential domestic
expenses, not military costs. The, President
plans another speech, and he should. He must
still explain the domestic portion of his budget,
and tell the people why the country is unable
to reduce its national debt in the midst of
Charity Contributions Too Small
THE STOCKHOLDERS reports
of big corporations usually
make dull reading. But the reports
of the major oil companies this
Spring make fascinating reading.
They show that the Suez Canal
fiasco may have put the skids un-
der Britain as an empire, but it
made beautiful music in the cash
registers of the big American oil
companies. They reaped millions
from Britain's tragedy at Suez.
The oil companies had been
asked by the Eisenhower Admin-
istration to supply oil to Western
Europe, formed a semi-official
committee to do so, asked the
right to avoid compliance with
the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.
Then they immediately an-
nounced a stiff increase in the
price of oil.
Humble Oil, a subsidiary of
Standard of New Jersey, led the
way with an increase of 35 to 40
cents a barrel. These two compa-
nies are controlled by the Rocke-
feller family which contributed
$152,604 to Eisenhower in the '56
campaign. The family of Chris
Herter, new Undersecretary of
State, inherited its millions from
Standard of New Jersey, while
the Dulles law firm in New York
-Sullivan and Cromwell - rep-
resents Standard of New Jersey.
* * *
AS A RESULT of the increase,
Standard of New Jersey raked in
the whopping total of $237,000,000
in net profits during the brief first
three months of this year-16 per
cent higher than the same period
Biggest profit bonanza from
Suez went to Gulf Oil - 30 per
cent during the first three months
of 1957 over the same period last
year. Gulf gets all its oil from the
Gulf of Persia, is closely affiliated
with Union Oil of California of
which Undersecretary Herbert
Hoover Jr., was executive vice-
president. The Mellon family,
which controls Gulf, contributed
$100,150 to the Ike campaign last
The Texas Company's profits
shot up 23.5 per cent during the
first three months of 1957 and
Board Chairman Augustus Long
frankly stated in his report to
stockholders that the big spurt
was due to Suez. Texas is a. part
owner of the Arabian American
Standard Oil of Ohio jumped
its profits 20 per cent during the
first three months, despite the
fact that its volume increased only
three per cent. Clyde T. Foster,
president of Sohio, admitted that
the Suez crisis was responsible.
Socony-Mobile and Standard of
California, both part owners of
* the Arabian American Oil Co.,
each jumped its profits 13 per
cent, while Sinclair increased.
eight per cent despite the fact
that sales increased only 1.8 per
* * * -
PRESIDENT Eisenhower has
refused to film a special message
f or the annual Fourth of July
celebration at Philadelphia's In-
dependence Hall, birthplace of
Answering for the President,
White House aide Frederic Fox
wrote to William Goldman, chair-
man of the celebration commit-
tee: "I must report that this mes-
sage will - like the declaration of
1776 - be carried on paper, not
on film." Ike, he said, would send
a written message only.
This burned up the celebration
committee which appealed to
United States Information Direc-
tor Arthur Larson, pointing out
that a filmed message would dra-
matize our Independence Day
around the world.
"I am sure," wrote City Repre-
sentative Abe Rosen, "that this
filmed commentary by the Presi-
dent would be something that ev-
ery movie house and television
network in the country would use
on July 4th."
Larson wrote back that the
White House's refusal was final.
THE PASSING of Sen. Joe Mc-
Carthy will be followed by the de-
parture from Washington of his,
counterpart in the House of Rep-
Harold Velde (R-Ill.)
Velde, who once created rival
headlines as chairman of the
House Committee on Un-Ameri-
can Activities, has been hanging
around Washington since he with-
drew from Congress, trying to
wangle a job from the Adminis-
tration. His latest bid was for the
chief counsel's job at the Federal
Housing Administration. He even
tried to drum up clients for a
private law practice, but couldn't
raise enough business to make it
Now the forlorn ex-headline
hunter is about to pack his bags
and leave the scene of his former
triumphs. He is even using his
free postal privileges as an ex-
congressman to sell his home.
EX-CONGRESSMEN are en-
titled to free postage for six
months after they leave office to.
clean up their official business.
This privilege is not supposed to
be used, of course, for personal
mail. Yet Velde is sending out
circulars postage free to prospec-
tive home buyers, offering his
house for sale.
It might be called direct mail
advertising at the taxpayers' ex-
pense. Velde's circular offers:
"Excellent opportunity to pur-
chase lovely one-story red-brick
rambler, first class condition, from
original owner. House a little over
two years old, in perfect location
for members of Congress or Capi-
tol Hill employees, as well as An-
drews Air Base and Bolling Field
personnel . . . owner willing to
paint walls in colors desired by
purchaser. Immediate occupancy
can be arranged. Call former Con-
gressman Harold H. Velde .
to arrange appointment to see
home and discuss details and pur-
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)
ering here and elsewhere 'to lend
backing to the crusade.
It began last night in the 20,-
000-seat arena of Madison Square
Garden, and will continue nightly
for at least six .weeks, and per-
haps for months beyond that.
In confronting New York City,
this busiest crossroads of mixed
races, beliefs and influences, Gra-
ham said he does so with trepida-
tions at his own "inadequacies and
lack of ability"' but with "complete
dependence on God."
"It is our hope," he said, "that
the crusade will revive the church-
es with new energies, that it will
bring the secret disciples out of
their hiding places, making them
like a mighty army, thinking and
In brief, he said, he hopes to
make the metropolitan millions
* * *
IF WIDESPREAD organization,
advance activity, prayer and Gra
ham's past performances are any
index, the campaign seems des-
tined to command a lot of atten-
tion and involve a lot of people.
But what the solid results will
be, Graham said, "we will have
to wait and see."
"If there is a spiritual awaken-
ing in New York it will make an
impact on the entire nation," he
said. "But any awakening in this
mighty city will be of necessity by
and of the holy spirit of God."
An imposing amount of human
effor is going into the undertak-
More than 1,500 of New York
City's Protestant churches have
pitched in to supply 4,000 singers
(1,500 nightly), 2,500 ushers (500
a night) and 4,000 counselors,
trained over a nine-week period.
Religiously, New York presents
a special challenge to the Protes-
The city is only 25 per cent
Protestant. It's about 45 per cent
Roman Catholic, 25 per cent Jew-
ish and 5 per cent Eastern Ortho-
dox. Of this total in religious
background, only about 42 per
cent are active in any church
SEVERAL Catholic spokesmen,
in mingled criticism and praise of
Graham, have emphasized that
their church disapproves members
attending such Protestant-type
services but concede many of
them probably will attend any-
Jewish leaders have expressed
no objection to members attend-
ing the services, although Rabbi
William F. Rosenblum of Temple
Israel says he doubts any "ap-
preciable number" of Jews will
be swayed to Christian doctrine.
Dr. Hampton Adams of Park
Avenue Christian Church said he
thought the Graham crusade may
cause many New Yorkers who
dropped church connections when
they moved to the city from their
home towns to return to the field.
Graham himself, who has often
faced hostile reactions in opening
campaigns only to end up by win-
ning eulogies from his critics, said
he knows New York City is not
"going to be easy."
"But I believe a great spiritual
battle is going to be fought in New
York City," he said. "Christianity
is always a conflict and a warfare.
The attack may come from the%
most unexpected source."
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Roomi
3519 Administration Building, be-
fore 2 p.m. the da preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily dlue at 2:00 p.m. Friday,
THURSDAY ,MAY 16, 1957
VOL. LXVII, NO. 161
Attention all Seniors: Order your
caps and gowns for June graduation at
Moe's Sport Shop on North University
as soon as possible.
Faculty, college of Engineering: There
will be a meeting of the Faculty of
this college on Friday, May 17. 1957,
4:15 p.m., Auditorium A, Angell HaLl
..Education School Council tea on May
16, 3-5 p.m., Education School lounge.
All invited who are interested in the
School of Education or in becoming
certified to teach.
Carillon Recital by Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, .7:15 p.m.
Thurs,. May I&, continuing his series
of spring programs: The Modern Re-
naissance of Carillon Music in the
Netherlands. Arrangements for Key-
board carillon by J. A. H. Wagenaai'
II and L. 't Hart; modern Duth car-
illon compositions before Word War
IT, and Dutch carillon compositions
since World War I. Copies of the en-
tire series are available in the School
of Music office.
Concert Cancelled: The concert by
the Michigan Singers, Maynard'Klein,
conductor, previously announced for
Thursday evening, May 16. in Hill Audi-
torium, has been cancelled.
Student Recital William Eifrig, or-
ganist, will perform compositions by
Couperin, Bach, Roger-Ducasse, and
vierne at 8:30 Friday, May 17 in Hill
Auditorium. Mr. Efrig is a student of
Robert Noehren, and is presenting this
recital in lieu of a thesis for the de-
gree of Master of Music (Music Litera-
ture). The concert is open to the pub-
Laboratory Playbill of three one-act
plays will be presented by the Depart-
ment of Speech at 8 P.M. Friday and
Saturday, May 17 and 18, in Barbour
Gymnasium: "The Rising of the Moon,"
"Pantaloon" & "The Flower of Yeddo."
Botany 1 Makeup Examination will be
given on Thurs., May 16 at 7:30 p~m.
in Room 2033, Natural Science.
Interdepartmental Seminar on Ap-
plied Meteorology: Engineering. Thurs.,
May 16, 4 p.m., 307 West Engineering
Bldg. James A. Ruffner will speak on
"The Effect of Climate in Relation to
the Modern Use of Glass in Building
Construction" - Chairman: Prof.
Floyd N. Calhoon.
402 Interdisciplinary Seminar on the
Application of Mathematics to Social
Science, Room 3401 Mason Hall, Thurs.,
May 16, 3:15-4:45 p.m., S. S. Stevens,
"Psychophysics and the Theory of
Scales," (Harvard University)
-Profs. Freedman, Landecker, Sharp,
and Wishneff of the Sociology Depart-
ment invite all interested undergradu-
ates to the final coffee hour of the year
in the Sociology Lounge, 5611 Haven
Hall, Thurs., May 16 between 4:00 and
Applied Mathematics Seminar,
Thurs., May 16 at 4:00 p.m. in Roon
246, West Engineering Building. Prof.
Paul Naghdi will speak on the "Elastic-
Plastic Wedge." Refreshments at 3:30
p.m. in Room 274, West Engineering,
Seminar in Mathematical Statistics:
Thurs., May 16, 4-6 p.m. in Room 3201,
Angell Hall. Richard Legault will dis-
cuss three papers of Wilk and Kemp-
themne off the analysis of factorial ex-
periments in a completely randomized
design. Coffee at 5:00.
Political Science Graduate Round-
table Thurs., May 16, at 8:00 p.m. in
the Rackham Amphitheater. Prof. Tay-
lor Cole of the Department of Political
Science at Duke University will speak
on"esearch Problems Concerningthe
British Commonwealth." Refreshments.
Lecture and Demonstration: "A new
Theory of the Vibration of the Human
Vocal Cords," Dr. Svend Smith, Direc-
tor Experimental Phonetics Laboratory,
Copenhagen, Denmark. Aud. C., Angell
Hall, Thurs., May 16, 4:10 p.m.
Psychology Colloquium: "The Psycho-
physical Law Rediscovered." Dr. S.
Smith Stevens, Harvard University
Psychology Department. 4:15 p.m. Fri.,
May 17, Aud. B, Angell Hall.
Anatomy Seminar. R. L. Hunter and
Mrs. Sara Kovacsi "A Demonstration of
Esterases Separated Eletrophoretically
in Starch Gel and a Discussion of this
Method to Tissue Analysis." East Medi-
cal 2501 at 4 p.m., Fri, May 17.
D o cn t or l K E x a m i n a t. i o n r T I P"Ca . % N -A d
THIE CAMPUS CHEST Drive was a failure.
Clearly contributions of $2,500 by 22,000
students, or about 11 cents a student toward
three worthwhile charities is little more than a
Yet, the fault lies not in any inherent inac-
curacy of the Campus Chest concept, but rather
in the unique lack of co-operation the organi-
zation received from other campus organiza-
tions and students in general.
HE RESIDENCE HALLS started the ball
rolling by not permitting solicitations in the
individual houses. Reasoning for this is difficult
to locate. What makes the whole thing even
worse is that Campus Chest was created for
the convenience of the men in the residence
halls, as well as everybody else on campus so
that people would have to contribute to charity
once rather than three times a year.
The affiliated groups were the next to con-
tribute to failure. When they were responsible
for the Fresh Air Camp drive last year, one of
the three charities concerned, Panhel and IFC
managed to get enough people to man 22
buckets around campus. But now that this
Campus Chest charity was no longer their
specific responsibility, they had trouble getting
enough people to man six buckets.
OU*** * t
RICHARD SNYDER,. Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOLDS'TEIN................. Personnel Director
ERNEST THEODOSSIN............Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK ........ Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS ............Features Editor
DAVID GREY..................... Sports Editor
RICHARr' CRAMER. ,,, Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN ........ Associate Sports Editor
JANE FOWLER and
ARLINE LEWIS................ Women's Co-Editors
JOHN HIRTZEL.................Chief Photographer
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN ... Associate Business Manager
In fact, it took an unusually adroit person
to find any buckets in which to contribute no
matter how much desire he had.
CERTAINLY, credit should go to women's
judiciary and the groups who participated in
the first day auction. Without the sale of late
pers and the other attractions at the auction,
one would shudder to think of what the totals.
for the drive might have been.
But ultimate responsibility for the failure
of the drive lies with all the students on cam-
pus. Most just couldn't bring themselves to
part with even twenty-five cents for charity.
There's no need going into the relative im-
portance of each charity. Certainly this has
been done already.
The point is that in line with the general
apathy on compus, not enough students cared.
Next year the drive may be held in October.
This is the time of year when students, theo-
retically, have more money in their pockets.
Let's hope they can bring themselves to part
with some of it.
Students Walk Out
On 'an Opportunity
MANY STUDENTS walked out on an excellent
opportunity to better their education yes-
Faculty evaluation questionnaires were dis-
tributed yesterday and Tuesday in all literary
Students were asked to express their opinions
on the value of courses, the effectiveness of
instruction and the incentive for critical think-
IT WAS DISHEARTENING to note how few
people took advantage of this chance to give
constructive criticism. In one recitation when
the professor left, half of the class of sixty
walked out. The majority of the remaining
thirty evaluated for five minutes, and a few
stayed until ten of the hour.
ABUNDANCE, SIZES IMPRESSIVE:
Hungarian Refugee Awed at U.S. 'Wonderland'
EDITOR'S NOTE: Last month, three
hours after their arrival in the United
States, Associated Press correspond-
ent Endre Marton and his wife, Ilona,
received a special George Polk jour-
nalism Award for their heroism in
covering last fall's Hungarian revolt.
Before the uprising, both spent many
months in Hungarian Communist
prisons on charges of espionage. Mrs.
Marton was asked to compare life
behind the Iron Curtainrwith life in
America. This is her story.
By ILONA NYILAS-MARTON
ON April 3, 1956, I left the prison
of the Hungarian secret police.
I was set free on parole. Exactly
one year later I landed in the
United States. I was a parolee
again. Quite a difference, though.
It would be easy to fill a book
with the impresions of a woman
and mother coming from behind
the Iron Curtain. I just list them,
five times wider than those at
home. The steak you order in a
simple restaurant could feed a
family in Hungary and it is out-
rageous how much people leave
on their plates. I'm sure the but-
ter New Yorkers leave carelessly
on their plates every day could
easily supply the 1,800,000 inhabi-
tants of Budapest.
This easy-going luxury is cer-
tainly something the average
Hungarian refugee will need time
to understand. Take one thing:
paper. The laundry sends two
shirts of my husband nicely
packed in lots of silk paper and a
cardboard box, all unheard-of
luxuries in my country.
*- * *
THEN, in the United States,
there are all those wonderful little
girls are; mine are not different.
They kept on nagging me, they
wanted to have new dresses. I was
weak and gave in. We went to a
department store, but when per-
haps the hundredth dress was
shown to us, we became real
frightened by this profusion and
left in a hurry, postponing the
vital decision: which to choose.
It is needless to say how tech-
nique in everyday life impresses
the refugee. For instance, the TV
in the hotel room that - besides
its merits and demerits - proved
to be an excellent ersatz baby sit-
I LIKE THE way elderly people
apparently enjoy their life in this
country. Nowhere else did I see
so many old men and women par-
distributed by a friendly soldier
among refugees at an airport and,
last but not least, how the church
makes use of advertisements. I
was flabbergasted indeed when I
saw the first time an ad in a bus,
saying "Build a stronger and rich-
er life: worship together every
week . . ." Yes, why not God?
Give Him a chance, too .x.
Having experienced for so many
years "Communism in action,"
now I bump into "Democracy in
action" every minute. What im-
pressed me most was perhaps my
visit in a small city, dominated by
a distinguished college..
* * *
THE FIRST night we dined in
a hotel with some professors and
students, among them a pretty
'and bright girl. Can you imagine