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May 16, 1957 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1957-05-16

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BIG BUSINESS AND
HIGHER EDUCATION
See Page 4

Y

Latest Deadline in the State

:4!Iaii4]

CLOUDY, COOLER

VOL. LXVII, No. 163 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MAY 16, 1957

SIX PAGES

'U' Appropriation Legislation
Moves Toward Floor Fight

By MICHAEL KRAFT
LANSING -Recommended ap-
* propriations for higher education
moved toward a House vote amidst
indications of a floor fight.
Revisions made by the House'
Ways and Means Committee in the
Universities' operating budgets
drew sharp criticism from Michi-

House, the MSU, governing body
gan State University yesterday.
The $414,993 raise in the MSU
operating budget, bringing it to a
total of $26,133,193, was called
"unbelievably unfair and unjust"
by the State Board of Agriculture.
In a letter to each member of the

-Daily-David Arnold
NEW WORLD SOCIAL ORDER-Prof. Syed Ali Ashraf of Pakis-..
tan describes a new concept of world government under Islam.
After citing the failures of Democracy in dealing with the prob-
lems of the individual he outlined the Moslem solution, a univer-
sal Islam social order.
Pakistani Professor Sees
Vagueness 111 Democracy
By DONALD KURTZ
Prof. Syed Ali Ashraf, chairman of the English department at
Karachi -University, Pakistan, said last night that the great problem
of democracy today lies in its vagueness of notion.
Speaking in the east conference room of Rackham, Prof. Ashraf
said that democracy sought the goal of freedom. "Yet, a freedom
leading to what?" he queried.
The speech, entitled Democracy and Islam, was sponsored by the
Near East Club given under the State Department's Leader Exchange
Program.
In contrasting the political philosophies of Islam and democracy,
Prof. Ashraf saw nineteenth century Europe as the stage for dethron-
ing of the Christian ideals of

declared that MSU was not given
"comparative treatment with the
University of Michigan."
Recommends Increase
The House Ways and Means
Committee recommended an in-
crease of $1,184,686 for the Uni-
versity, raising the operating bud-
get from $29,761,000 to $30,315,686.
Additional funds for Flint Senior
College and various research pro-
jects boosted the total University
increase to $1,234,586, according to
Robert N. Cross, University Ad-
ministrative Assistant.
University President Harlan
Hatcher said he was "gratified"
with the Committee's action.,
"The increase added by the com-
mittee, if passed by the House and
Senate, will be of substantial help
in maintaining effective operation
of the University. It will require
economy.
"However, when supplemented
with a substantial fee increase the
proposed appropriation will permit
operations without serious impair-
ment of educational programs,"
President Hatcher said.
MSU Tuition Increase
Tuition increases for MSU were
approved yesterday by the State
Board of Agriculture. Fees for
Michigan residents were raised
from $204 to $225 a year while out
state tuition was hiked from $429
to $555.
The next meeting of the Regents,
who regulate University tuition
fees, will be Saturday, May 25.
Also under attack by MSU was
the increase in state appropriation
per student. The original appro-
priation formula, approved by the
Senate, would grant the University
$225 per student more than given
to MSU. Changes by the House
committee would increase the dif-
ference to $304 per student, the
letter said.
"While we are genuinely pleased
that our sister University at Ann
Arbor has had its budget sharply
and appropriately increased, we
are at a loss to understand why
MSU should not be accorded com-
parable treatment.
Additional Request
MSU Treasurer Philip May said
an additional1$1,700,000 would be
requested from the Legislature.
He said MSU would also "work
hard" to have the House pass a
amendment allowing the Universi-
ties to pledge up to 40 per cent of
student fees to finance new con-
struction,
The provision, vetoed by the
Senate Appropriations Committee
and passed by the Senate in an
amendment from the floor, was
killed by the House Ways and
Means Committee.
Committee chairman Arnell
Engstrom (R-Traverse City), call-
ed the plan "unfair to other insti-
tutions. Presidents of smaller state
supported colleges had criticized
the plan, saying fees from their
student enrollment would be in-
sufficient to finance any construc-
tion.
Rep. Engstrom said "Michigan is
a strong enough state that we
should be able to finance construc-
tion with our own money and we
will do so when we get a breathing
spell."
House debate on the requested
amendment and appropriation in-
creases may take place sometime
this week, legislators said. Timing
will depend on how soon they clear
their calendar of other bills.

SGC Hears
Chest Drive
Summary
By RICHARD TAUB
Campus Chest Board had col-
lected about $2,610 as of yester-
day, Harlan Givelber, '57, Board
chairman, told Student Govern-
ment Council last night.
He felt the "total would almost
probably be well over $3,000 and
might even reach $4,000."
Basic reasons for the possible
increase, he said, was that late
pers for May 18th would still be
on sale at the Student Activities
Building today and tomorrow, and
Sthere was still a good deal of
money to come from the frater-
nity system.
Fraternity Contributions Lag
So far, Givelber explained, "only
seven fraternities have taken the
time to turn in their contribu-
tions." He reasoned if each of the
remaining houses contributed $10,
an additional $350 of revenue
could be gained.
Twenty sororities, Givelber re-
ported, contributed about $300.
Givelber, in what was actually
a preliminary report, recom-
mended the Campus Chest pro-
gram be continued next year.
However, he hoped it would be
scheduled in October.
Late in the spring, he said, "stu-
dents are much more careful of
their last dollar."
Other recommendations in-
cluded a smaller campus chest
board, (16 representatives of or-
ganizations now are on the board)
greater co-operation b e t w e e n
those groups working on the drive
and more publicity about the in-
volved charities.
Better Organized Drive
He also suggested a better or-
ganized bucket drive and well-
planned auction for the kick-off.
Personnel could only be gained to
man six buckets on' campus this
year, he said.
Rob Trost, '57, Inter-fraternity
Council president, thought the
"approach to the fraternity sys-
tem was extremely poor." He felt
the Board should have channeled
its efforts through IFC.
He also noted 3FCuand Panhel
had files on past bucket drives,
and would be glad to open them
to the boardh
Givelber answered that no IFC
representative had sat with the
board since March. He again said
that theBoard was so. large that
communications had been poor.
Marilyn Houck, '58Ph, Panhel-
lenic Association president said
Panhel had been informed that
the Board had only wanted
enough people to man six buckets.
SGC Expects
Company Bids
On Health Plan
Bids will probably be heard from
insurance companies for a volun-
tary health insurance plan at the
University, Scott Chrysler, '59,
chairman of Student Government
Council Health Insurance Com-
mittee, told the council last night.
Premiums for the insurance
would probably "run between $10
and $15," he said, "probably closer
to $15." The committee will hear
bids for both a whole year program
and a nine month plan. The latter,
Chrysler declared, would "probably
cost about three dollars less."

Plans !considered would cover
hospitalization due to accident,
sickness benefits and medical at-
tention.
At the same meeting Jan Neary,
'57, executive vice-president, an-
nounced the committee to study
the International Center would
include Concil members Ron Gregg,
'60, Jean Scruggs, '58, Drake
Duane, '58, and Brenda Ackerman,
of the National and International
Affairs Committee.
Maynard Goldman, '59, with-
drew his motion to study inter-
collegiate athletics, because there
were several specific recommen-
dations he wished to make at the
next meeting, and he thought it
was too late in the year for a
committee to get started.
Pete Eckstein, '58, newly-named
Daily editor, introduced a motion
to establish "a committee to take
steps looking forward . . . to a
forum for the discussion of educa-
tional problems and controversial

French

emier

oet

Al Renfrew
Chosen New
Ice Mentor
Al Renfrew, hockey coach at-the
University of North Dakota, was
named last night as Michigan ice
mentor, by the Board in Control
of Intercollegiate Athletics.
He succeeds Vic Heyliger who
vacated the post after the 1956-57
season to enter the restaurant
business in Colorado Springs,
Colo.
Reached at his home in Grand
Forks, N.D. last night, Renfrew
told The Daily that he was
"thrilled" about the appointment
and that "it will certainly be nice
to get back to Ann Arbor."
Renfrew, who graduated from
Michigan in 1949, added, "I have
a big pair of shoes to fill."
Renfrew coached at North Da-
kota last year. He previously tu-
tored the sport at Michigan Tech
from 1951 to.1956.
The Board in Control will rec-
ommend Renfrew to the Board of
Regents for final approval. The
Regents are scheduled to meet
early next month. The appoint-
ment will not be official until the
recommendation is approved.
Ike Lashes
Defense Aid
Budget Cuts
WASHINGTON (RP)-President
Dwight D. Eisenhower challenged
congressional budget-cutters yes-
terday to show him how they can
slash his defense program without
trifling with the nation's safety.
The President also defended
anew his $71,800,000,000 budget by
telling a news conference that
government in 1957 must "study
carefully the needs of the people
today, not of 1860."
President Eisenhower's c o m-
ments came on the heels of a
radio-TV address Tuesday night in
which he said the "stupendous"
sums now being spent cannot be
cut substantially so long as the
free world remains threatened by
communism.
Under newsmen's questioning he
hit hard on the same theme yester-
day--while brushing aside sug-
gestions from some members of
his own Republican party in Con-
gress that he has moved to the left
politically since his election in
1952.
"If anything," Eisenhower said,
"I think I have become more con-
servative."
He went on to say he has a basic
determination to preserve the
value of the dollar and to resist
"trifling with our financial integ-
rity."
A House Military Affairs sub-
committee is reported thinking in
terms of a two and one-half bil-
lion dollar slash in his defense pro-
posals.

BUDGET FIGHT:
Senate Ignores Appeal;
SlashesIke's Program
WASHINGTON (P)-The Senate brushed aside President Dwight
D. Eisenhower's appeal for support of his budget yesterday and passed
a State and Justice departments money bill slashed $102,564,000 under
his request.
It stripped the United States Information Agency's budget request
of $144 million dollars down to $90,200,000. It also recommended ,USIA
be put back in the State Department, and that the agency end any
overseas activities competing with private American agencies.
Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, the Democratic leader, domi-
nated the debate, which followed the President's nationwide radio-TV
speech Tuesday night urging ac-
tion against big cuts, which he
sa id m ig h t e n d a n g e r se c u rity . Intondwthr
this connection, President Eisen- B riai T st
hower mentioned the importance
of overseas information programs. B i bight
Only one Democrat, Sen. Do D 1
Neuberger, of Oregon, voted
against the USIA cut, which was e Pacific
approved on a 61-15 roll call.
The Republicans were sharply
divided. Fourteen voted with the L
President against the cut. Twenty- LONDON (P)-Britain exploded
three voted for it-including. Sen- its first hydrogen bomb high over
ate Republican Leader William the Pacific Ocean yesterday.
Knowland of California and Sen. The blast began a series of tests
Edward Dirksen of Illinois, assist- establishing this nation as the
ant GOP leader.- world's- third nuclear power.
The big fight was over the USIA A terse announcement by the
appropriation. After that was de- Ministry of Supply said merely it
cided, the appropriation bill was Mnstry f S plsid merely it
passed 77-0. was "the first explosion of a nu-
The bill now must go back to the clear dev'e in the present series."
House for consideration of the But an authoritative source said{
Senate changes. The differences the device tested was a hydrogen
probably will have to be worked bomb.
out in a Senate-House conference It 'was fired at a high altitude
committeen after being dropped from a four-
The Senate adopted an amend- engined Valient jet bomber in the
ment, recommended by its Appro- area of British-owned Christmas
priations Committee, giving USIA Island, 1,400 miles south of Hono-
$90,200,000 to operate the Voice lulu. The precise location was not
of America and other overseas in- divulged.
formation programs in the- fiscal An Air Ministry spokesman said'
year starting July 1 the white-painted Valiant-one of
This was $15,900,000 less than four flown from Britain to the test
the House allocated earlier, and area-was manned by five crew-'
$53,800,000 less than the President men. The bomb aimer was 36-
had requested. year-old Flight Lt. Alan Wash-
The amendment was part of a brook, holder of the Distinguished
$563,085,293 money bill to finance Flying Cross.
the State and Justice departments The official announcement gave
and USIA. no details of the type of weapon

'U' Lecture
Program Set
For Sumnmer

Threatens Resignation
Over Suez CanalDispute

"Asian Cultures and the Modern
American" will be the topic for
the University's summer 1957 pub-
lic lecture program.
Exhibits and films are also pre-
sented during the series, which ac-
companies a workshop in Asian
studies offered during the summer
session.
Oliver Caldwell, United States'
assistant commissioner for inter-
national education, opens-the pro-
gram June 26. The keynote address
will outline "Asian Culture and the
Modern American: a Pattern for
Survival."
An Indonesian Dance group, ac-
companied by a Gamalan orches-
tra is next, on July 1. G. L. Mehta,
Indian ambassador to the United
States follows on July 9.
Edwin Reischauer, director of
the Harvard - Yenching institute
will discuss "Japan: A Society in
Transition," July 11.
July 16, Ambassador U Win from
Burma will expalin "Cultural As-
pects of Burmese Life."
"Art as Visual Equivalent of
Religious Thought: with Special
Reference to India" has been sche-
duled for examination July 17 by
Stella Kramrisch, head of the Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania's South
Asia Regional Studies Program.
Robert Aura Smith of the New
York Times will speak July 23 on
"The Political Crisis in the Philip-
pines." He will be followed on July
24 by Ambassador Mohammed Ali
of Pakistan whose subject is "Con-
stitution Making in South Asian
Nations: with Special Reference to
Pakistan."
Scholarships
Given by SGC
Three scholarships of $150 each
were presented last night by Bar-
bara McGrath, '57, Chairman of

morality and "replacement with
the scientific concept of man un-
der new multiple ideals."
With the failure of an integrated
moral law democracy itself crumb-
led, he said. Man sought to become
a superman, and in the struggle
lost his values. This, he said led
to delinquency and the educational
problem, "the great danger facing
democracy."
"Islam accepts two basic con-
cepts of balance; between spirit
and matter and the individual
and society," he said. These con-
trast to the democratic: goals.
"The individual in society is free
in Islam as in democracy, free to
choose between good and evil.;
free to shape his own fate." Yet
the great difference, Prof. Ashraf
exclaimed, is that the goal of man
in Islam is to seek perfection. To
to this he must be immersed in a
social order, and learn to get out
of it and get ahead.
While democratic states are
guided by political concepts ex-
pressed in constitutions the Mos-
lem is governed by God and, his
first duty is to Him.
In further describing Islam goals
of government, Prof. Ashraf out-
lined universal social order. This
order would not recognize national
differences; only those of culture
and race.

Says France
Deserted by
U.S., Britain
Seeks Agreement
On Canal Passage
PARIS (') -- Premier Guy Mal-
let said yesterday he felt France
had been deserted by the. United
States and Britain on the Suez
issue.
He attempted to resign after 16
months in office, a post-war rec-
ord in France.
Persuaded by President Rene
Coty to stay in office, the Premier
and the Cabinet then decided' in a
stormy session to ask the United
Nations Security Council as soon
as possible to order Egypt to ob-
serve the six principles it approved
last October for safeguarding free
passage to all nations through the
Suez Canal.
Mollet indicated he felt he
should resign because his leader-
ship had isolated France on a vital
issue.
In a statement to newsmen, the
Premier indicated he felt most
keenly the decision by Britain-
France's partner in the ill-starred
Suez invasion last fall - to bow
to Egyptian President Gamal Ab-
dul Nasser's terms for operation
,of the canal.
The British government has au-
thorized British-flag ships to use
the canal again, paying. tolls in
sterling to Egypt and without pro-
test. France alone has stuck to
her boycott of the waterway.
Bitterly, Mallet said in his
statement that the decision by the
others to accept Nasser's condi-
tions without any minimum guar-
antee on the right of passage or
commitment by Egypt on the di-
vision of tolls was "a flagrant con-
tradiction" of the six principles of
last October.
He said these principles had
been specifically upheldby United
States Secretary of State John
Foster Dulles and British officials.
Mollet implied Britain and the
United States were backing down
on their word. Mllet's dramatic
gesture came as Israel proposed
to send,:a "test ship" to the Suez
Canal to seek passage through the
waterway.
An Israeli spokesman in Jeru-
salem has announced that such a
test is being prepared and that
Israel and France were coordin-
ating plans on such a policy.
Druids Tap
From the Stonehenge circle
Aided by the witches cauldron
Mystic plans were brewed in dark-
ness.
Many twigs were examined
Many rocks were overturned
Subjected to heat from blazing
torches
Observed by men of knowledge
and magic
Those decayed, were burned and
destroyed.
Finally from the murky grove
From the Cave where Fingal per-
ished
The Order of the Mighty Oak
emerged
Causing the earth to shake and
shiver
Causing nations and peoples to
cower
All to bend the twig and sapling
And to capture the sturdy ay-
wends :

Barron, Bouncing Bodoni Burning
Bush B e n n e t t, Bull-Bucking
Buckthorn Byers, Conclave-Coor-
dinating Catalpa Cumming, Des-
perate-Driving Dragon Tree Dick-
ey, Eloquent Editorializing Eng-
lish Elm Elsman. Frame-Fractur-

Five Petition
For Council
Five people have petitioned for
the vacant position on Student
Government Council, according to
Judy Martin, '59, council member.
Petitioning will extend until
Friday for the position which will
be vacated by Janet Winklehaus,
'57, because of graduation in June.
John Wrona, '57, the other
senior on the council, is not sure
yet whether he will remain. He
might return to school next year,
he says.
Petitions are also open for the
Counseling Study Committee. This
committee has been investigating
the counseling services of the Uni-
versity.
Petitions will also open today for
the Student Activities Building
committee.

exploded, but government officials
announced previously the explo-
sions would be "in the megaton-
one millions tons of TNT-range"
and would be high air bursts with-
out heavy fall-out.
Britain' began its series of nu-
clear tests in the face of a sus-
tained protest campaign by the
Japanese government. Also pres-
suring Prime Minister Harold
Macmillan's government were the
British Labor party, scientific or-
ganizations, and other societies
and individuals in dozens of coun-
tries.
But Macmillan repeatedly re-
jected protests that the tests would
endanger the future health of
mankind. He said the explosions
would in no way harm peoples of
the Pacific lands.4
An area extending 900 miles
north and south of Christmas Is-
land - midway between Sydney
and San Francisco-was declared
a danger area for shipping from
March 1 until Aug. 1.

world News Roundup
By The Associated Press
LONDON-Three of the United States' stoutest allies-West
Germany, Norway and Canada accepted conditionally yesterday the
idea of international inspection of military forces in their territories
as part of a disarmament plan.
The United States has been reported probing for an inspection
plan that would meet part way the Soviet proposals of April 30 calling
for air inspection over huge areas of Siberia.
BROOKHAVEN, N.Y.-A chemical explosion yesterday injured
four persons at the Brookhaven National Laboratory-one of the
nation's principal atomic research centers.
One of the injured was reported in serious condition. Six other
persons were exposed to corrosive acid vapors during rescue operations
and required medical attention.
* * * *
WASHINGTON-A story of how Dave Beck and a pal tried to
take the Teamsters Union for $71,500 in a real estate deal---and then

MAYOR ELDERSVELD:
Calls Victory Start of New Era

By JOHN AXE
Ann Arbor's Mayor, Prof. Sam-
uel Eldersveld of the political sci-
ence department called strategy,
issues and organization the key
to his successful campaign and
election on April 1,
Speaking before Young Demo-
crats from the University and
from Eastern Michigan College
last night at the Union he re-
flected that the election marked
the beginning of a new era in Ann
Arbor politics.

worth it." He added, "just look at
the returns, my large majorities in
the traditional GOP strongholds
more than prove the great value
of the party workers who got out
and did the leg work." The mayor
revealed that while his workers
tried to convert Republican-vot-
ers, they concerned themselves
primarily with "getting the voters
we knew were Democrats out to
the polls on election day."
The mayor also noted, "There
ha ,n'I . n 4-4 PXf..

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