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May 15, 1957 - Image 6

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Michigan Daily, 1957-05-15

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*WEmNESDf.AY, MAY 5,-195

7 ;

South Proceeding Slowly with Desegregation


Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
On May 17, 1954, the United
States Supreme Court handed
down its historic decision ordering
the states to end racial discrimina-
tion in the nation's public schools
with "alldeliberate speed."
Now, three years later, the em-
phasis falls heavily on the word
"deliberate" - meaning "slow in
action . .. unhurried"-with little
evidence of "speed" in most of the
critical areas.
A surveilshows the Deep South
is still fighting doggedly to main-
tain segregation as part of what
Dixie spokesmen call the tradi-
tional "Southern way of life."
Sidestep Measures
-Almost without exception,
Southern legislatures have passed
measures such as Alabama's and
Efect Told
"Down to the present century
society had constantly influenced
medicine, but medicine had no
great reaction on society," Prof.
Richard H. Shryock, of Johns
Hopkins University said yester-
"But modern medicine in the
20th century has a tremendous
influence on society -in bringing
down death rates and extending
the average life expectancy," he
Speaking on "The Interrelation
of Medical and Social History in
in the United States," he said,
"there is some evidence that the
desire to escape from diseases
(e.g. tuberculosis) encouraged
some domestic migration to states
such As Florida and, Minnesota
during the mid-nineteenth cen-
Dr. Shryock, director of the In-l
stittfte of Medical History at
Johns Hopkins, also said that cur-
rent moves for compulsory health
insurance revive 18th century
ideas "which were present in theI
FrenchRevolution and led to the
formation of the Marine Hospi-
tal Insurance Service in this1
country' about 1800."
'As medicine matured and re-E
vived its utility," he said, there
arose more dengand for care.
"However, as\ the people's de-
mands increased, the less they1
could afford to pay -- due to
mounting medical costs. This,
perhaps, accounts for current. in-
terest in compulsory insurance,"1
he finished.I

Virginia's "pupil assignment" laws
designed to sidestep school de-
segregation in open defiance of the
Supreme Court decree.
Several states, notably Georgia,
Mississippi, North Carolina and
South Carolina, have threatened
to abolish schools if the situation
becomes "intolerable."
In one form or another, this has
been the pattern throughout the
South.as sporadic outbursts of mob
violence have generally subsided
and Southern lawmakers have
erected formidable legal obstacles
to defeat the high court's mandate
by peaceful defense rather than by
frontal assault.
Progress on Fringe
By contrast, there has been con-
siderable progress toward desegre-
gation in the so-called "border
states" on the fringe of the South.
And it is here that some authori-
ties see the beginning of a long-
range trend which they believe will
eventually spread to the Deep
As viewed by these experts, the
desegregation process will be like
throwing stones into a lake, with
the first splashes developing in
the border states and the ripples
gradually reaching out farther and
farther into the heart of Dixie
Latest figures show there are
now 674 school districts in South-
ern or border sttaes where deseg-r
See page three for story on the
Reverend Martin Luther King.{
regation is either under way or
completed, leaving about 3,000I
districts still segregated.
Improvements Recently
At first glance, the figures ap-
pear to indicate marked progress
in the last three years, with more
than one-sixth of the 3,674 dis-
tricts reported striving, with var-
ied degrees of intensity, to obeyt
the high tribunal's mandate. But
the other five-sixths unquestion-
ably represent a much tougher nutt
to crack.
Here, in brief, is a rundown onX
key states in the controversy, with
indications as to the degree of pro-
gress toward desegregation in eachg
and the state's offical attitude: t
Alabama-No progress; pro-seg-(

I un
~ or- FrriSmePrgrs
4 °*!
Segregation jintegrationt
I ~ Coniderable Progress
APesetrs Di ded [Nitrte iiComplete Integratiorn
(p fi t .

'U' Students,
Win Grants
Two University students were
awarded study grants by the Ford
Foundation today.
James Crowley, Grad., ,and
Hugh Patrick, *Grad., will both
spend one year in Japan training
in foreign area studies and inter-
national relations.
Crowley, who is taking gradu-
ate work in history, will use his
fellowship to study modern Jap-
anese history.
Patrick will concentrate on
Japanese economy and language
In addition, the University was
selected for graduate study by an-
other recipient of a Foundation
An undergraduate student in
political science at Smith Col-
lege, Drusilla Chartran, of Wash-
ington, D.C., will study for one
year on Near Eastern studies and
Arabic language training.
The fellowships are part of the
Ford Foundation program to fur-
ther international understanding
by increasing the number of Am-
ericans trained professionally in
foreign affairs. Applications for
1958-59 fellowships will be taken
until Nov. 1, 1957.
(Continued from Page 4)
structor (such as, for example, clarity
of presentation) not covered in pre-
vious questions, which you consider to
be especially good or poor, and offer
any suggestions which you have for
the improvement of the course.
Meeting of all Freshmen and Sopho-
mores planning to concentrate in Phy-
sical Therapy, or interested in know-
ing more about Physical Therapy, on
Thurs., May 16 at 7:15 p.m., Room 1603,
first floor, Main Building of Univer-
sity Hospital. Movie followed by dis-
cussion and some demonstrations in
the Physical Therapy Clinic. Anyone
interested will be welcome.
Student Recital, John Quincy Adam-
son, pianist, will ,perform compositions
by Bach, Mozart, Debussy, and Proko-
fieff, at 8:30 p.m. Wed., May 15 in Aud.
A, Angell Hall. Adamson is a pupil of
Joseph Brinkman. This recital, in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Bachelor of Music, is open
to the public.
Concert Cancelled: The concert by
the Michigan Singers, Maynard Klein,
conductor, previously announced for

Thursday evening, May 16, in Hill Audi-
torium, has been cancelled.
Carillon Recital by Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, 7:15 p.m.
Thurs. May 16, continuing his series
of spring programs: The Modern Re-
naissance of Carillon Music in the
Netherlands. Arrangements for Key-
board carillon by J. A. H. Wagenaar
II and L. 't Hart; modern Dutch car-
illon compositions before world War
II, and Dutch carillon compositions
since World War II. Copies of the en-
tire series are available in the School
of Music office.
Academic Notices
Botany 1 Makeup Examination will be
given on Thurs., May 16 at 7:30 p.m.
in Room 2033, Natural Science.
Botanical Seminar. James Hardin,
Department of Botany, will speak on
"A Monographic Study of the Ameri-
can Buckeyes" Wed., May 15, 4:15 p.m.
1139 Natural Science. Refreshments at
4:00 p.m.
Interdepartmental Seminar onAp-
plied Meteorology: Engineering. Thurs.,
May 16, 4 p.m., 307 West Engineering
Bldg. James A. Ruffner will speak on
"The Effect of Climate in Relation to
the Modern Use of G'lass in Building
Construction" - Chairman: Prof.
Floyd N. Calhoon.
402 Interdisciplinary Seminar on the
Application of Mathematics to Social
Science, Room 3401 Mason Hall, Thurs.,
May 16, 3:15-4:45 p.m., S. S. Stevens,
"Psychophysics and the Theory of
Scales," (Harvard University)
Profs. Freedman, Landecker, Sharp,
and Wishneff of the Sociology Depart-
ment invite all interested undergradu-
ates to the final coffee hour of the year
in the Sociology Lounge, 5611 Haven
Hall, Thurs., May 16 between 4:00 and
5:00 p.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar,.
Thurs., May 16 at 4:00 p.m. in Room
246, West Engineering Building. Prof.
Paul Naghdi will speak on the "Elastic-
Plastic Wedge." Refreshments at 3:30
p.m. in Room 274, West Engineering.
Seminar in Mathematical Statistics:
Thurs., May 16, 4-6 p.m. in Room 3201,
Angell Hall. Richard Legault will dis-
cuss three papers of Wilk and Kemp-
thorne on the analysis of factorial ex-
periments in a completely randomized
design. Coffee at 5:00.
Political Science Graduate Round-
table Thurs., May 16, at 8:00 p.m. in
the Rackham Amphitheater. Prof. Tay-
lor Cole of the Department of Political
Science at Duke University will speak
on "Research Problems. Concerning the
British Commonwealth." Refreshments.
Doctoral Examination for Frank
Brown Livingstone, Anthropology; the-
sis: "The Explanation of the Distri-
bution of the Sickle Cell Gene in West
Africa with.Particular Reference to Li-+
beria", Wed., May 15, 301 Special Pro-
jects Building, at 1:00 p.m. Chairman,
F. P. Thienie.
Doctoral Examination for David Ran-
dall Luce, Philosophy; thesis: "Causal'
Relations Between Mind and Body: A
New Formulation of the Mind-Body
Problem", Wed., May 15, East Council
Room, Rackham Building, at 2:00 p.m.
Chairman, Paul Henle.
Doctoral Examination for Gayle Her-
bert Nelson, Anatomy; thesis: "The1
Thoracic Duct and Its Necessary Ve-7
nous Communications", Wed., May 15,
3502 East Medical Building, at 3:00 p.m.
Chairman, R. T. Woodburne.4

Doctoral Examination for Earl Albert
Ebach, Chemical Engineering; thesis:
"The Mixing of Liquids Flowing
Through Beds of Packed Solids," wed.,
May 15, 2040 E. Engineering, at 3:00 p.m.
Chairman: R. R. White,
Doctoral Examination for Leslie Rob-
ert Beach, Education; thesis: "The Re-
lationship Between Sociability, Satis-
faction, and Academic Achievement in
various Types of Learning Situations",
Thursday. May 16, 1600 University Eie-
mentary School, at 2:00 p.m. Chairman,
W. A. Ketcham.
Doctoral Examination for Martin
Burgess Green, English Language and
Literature; thesis: "The Reputation of
D. H. Lawrence in America", Thurs.,
May 16, West Council Room. Rackham
Building, at 3:30 p.m. Chairman, J. L.
Doctoral Examination for Henry Pe-
ter Ippel, History; thesis: "Jeffery,
Lord Amherst, British Commander-In-
Chief, 1778 to 1782", Thurs., May 16,
3609 Haven Hall, at 2:00 p.m. Chair-
man, W. B. Willcox.
Doctoral Examination for E. Orville
Johnson, Speech; thesis: "Oliver P.
Morton: A Study of his Career as a
Public Speaker and of his Speaking on
Slavery, Civil War, and Reconstruction
Issues", Thurs., May 16, East Council
Room, Rackham Building, at 2:00 p.m.
Chairman, W. M. sattler.
Doctoral Examination for John An-
thony Wallwork, Zoology; thesis: "The
Acarina of a Hemlock-Yellow Birch
Forest Floor", Thurs., May 16, 4048 Nat-
'ural Science Building, at 9:00 a.m.
Chairman, S. A. Graham.
Placement Notices
Personnel Requests:
Hosker Electrochemical Co., Mon-
tague, Mich., has an opening for a
Chemical Engineer for the Process
Study Group.
Spaulding Fibre Co., Inc., Lansing,
Michigan, needs a Sales Engineer for
Industrial Plastics.
Y.W.C.A., Ft. Wayne, Ind., is looking
for a Teen-Age Program Director and
an Assistant Physical Education Direc-
McKesson and Robbins, Inc., Bridge-
port, Conn., has an opening for a
Pharmacologist in the Research Labs.
Container Corp. of America, Chicago,
Ill., needs an Industrial Engr. to work
as Staff Assistant to the Mgr. of In-
dustrial Engrg.
Maryland State Insurance Dept., Bal-
timore; Md., has an opening for an Ac-
tuarial Assistant.
For further information contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin.
Bldg., ext. 3371.
Summer Placement:
There will be a Summer Placement
Meeting today at the Union from 9-
4:45 in Room 3-G.
Two Real Silk representatives, Roy
Jenkins of Detroit and Paul Schrader
of Kalamazoo will Interview men and
women students for jobs during the
summer. They will be at Room 30 of
the Michigan Union from 9-4:45 on
Wed., May 15.
Mrs. Gross of the Ann Arbor YWCA
will interview from 1-4:45 for general
counselors. 4
A representative from Hilltop Camp,
Walloon Lake, Mich., will interview.
Mr. E. W. Deason of Bay Court Camp
needs 3 college boys for general cabin
Chesapeake & Ohio Railway Co., Sag-
inaw, Div., needs a Civil E. to work as
Rodman during the summer.
Dunlap & Co., Inc., Columbus, Ind.,
needs a sophomofe in Architecture for
summer work.



751 whites and Negroes are attend-
ing integrated schools out of the
state's total school enrollment of
District of Columbia-Complete
integration. White student enroll-
ment dropped by 4,011 between
October 1955 and October 1956,
while Negro enrollment jumped
4,846. Steady white exodus to sub-
urbs may account for part of drop
in white enrollment. Negroes ac-
count for 68 per cent of district's
total school enrollment. .
Nothing Done in Florida
Florida-No progress; moderate
to strong pro-segregation.
Georgia-No progress; strongly
Kentucky -- Considerable pro-
gress; pro-integration. Public has
generally accepted desegregation,
but outbreaks of mob action in
Clay and Sturgis brought out Na-
tional Guard. Louisville has de-,

action. Four of nine private col-
leges accept Negroes.
Maryland - Considerable pro-
gress; strongly pro - integration.
Thirteen of the state's 23 school
districts plus Baltimore city have
desegregated in practice but not
all schools are mixed. Negro teach-
ers average $4,358 a year salary,
white teachers $3,912. More than
one-fourth of students are Negroes.
Mississippi-No p r ogr e s s;
strongly pro - segregation. Total
white students 275,722, Negroes
Missouri Favors Mixing
Missouri-Considerable progress;
pro-integration. About 59,000 of
the state's 67,000 Negro students
are in "integrated situations." Only
four high schools remain segre-
gated. All 15 state-supported col-
leges now admit Negroes. Some
Negro teachers are teaching mixed
and predominantly white classes.
North Carolina-No progress ex-
cept at college level; pro-segrega-
tion. Three units of consolidated
University of North Carolina have
Negro students under 1955 court
Oklahoma - Considerable pro-
gress; generally pro - integration.
Of the state's 261 school districts
having Negroes, 195 have begun to
desegregate, but in 12 of these dis-
tricts no Negroes have moved into
all-white schools. All 18 state-sup-
ported colleges accept Negroes.

South Carolina - No progress;
strongly pro-segregation.
Tennessee-Slight progress; of-
ficial attitude is neutral. About 8,-
870 whites and 261 Negroes are in
"integrated situations" out of total
of 627,781 whites and 128,165 Negro
students. Clinton high school,
scene of racial violence, is only de-
segregated school in the state.
Nashville has announced plans to
Texas-Some progress; official
attitude is divided. Out of the
state's 1,802 school districts, 104
have begun to desegregate. About
525,000 of the state's 1,691,790
white students and 25,000 of its
248,660 Negro sutdents are in
"integrated situations." Of 46 for-
merly all-white colleges, 19 now
accept Negroes.
Virginia-No progress at primary
and secondary school levels; off i-
cial attitude is "massive resistance"
against desegeregation.
W e s t Virginia - Considerable
progress; pro-integration. Nineteen
of the state's 55 school districts are
completely desegregated; others
partially desegregated. Only three
districts remain segregated.


Little Rock to Desegregate segregated its schools. Weaverton
Arkansas - Small but growing and Henderson schools were boy-

progress; mild to strong pro-seg-
regation. Out of total public school
enrollment of 420,000, about 1,900
whites and 34 Negroes are in "inte-'
grated situations." Little Rock. is!
scheduled to desegregate this year.
Negroes are enrolled at all state
Delaware - Considerable pro-
gress; pro-integration at state
level, generally leaning toward seg-
regation at local level. About 22,-

cotted in protest against desegre-
Parochial Schools Integrating
Louisiana-No progress at ele-
mentary or secondary levels of
p u b 1 i c schools, but parochial
(Catholic) schools have announced
they will desegregate gradually.
Official state attitude is strongly
pro-segregation. Four of seven
state-supported colleges have ac-
cepted Negroes as a result of court

summe work





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