e lorligatt Bal
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"When Opinions Are Pres
Truth Will Prevail.
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
TUESDAY, MAY 14, 1§57
NIGHT EDITOR: RICHARD TAUB
Tests Student Maturity
FINAL EXAMS are lurking on the next page
of the calendar, but much more significant
tests are being held this week. The literary
college is measuring the maturity of its stu-
When the odious term "student evaluation
of the faculty" first came into use, several
professorial blood pressures soared at the
slightest suggestion of criticism from runny-
nosed undergraduates. But this week, 22 years
from the first suggestion of such a survey, the
faculty is almost unanimously appreciative of
the program's benefits.
The "student evaluation surveys" are not
designed to let off student steam. If they were,
the simple question "What's your gripe?" would
suffice as a questionnaire. Instead,. they repre-
sent an exceptional opportunity to improve the
effectiveness of University instruction and to
examine closely the intellectual experience af-
forded by each course.
MEMBERS of the faculty realize this, since
only their consistently active support has
made the survey possible and only their confi-
dence in the replies make it meaningful. They
have carefully noted the places at which
opinions maybe a little superficial, such as dur-
ing discussion of the complex business of origi-
nal course development, but have produced a
more impressive rationale in favor of student
Most of the danger that such a survey might
flop lies on the student side of the lectern.
Apathy and a low estimation of one's own
judgement most seriously threaten the quality
of the program.
However, most of the suggestions and criti-
cism written this week will be heeded, certainly
all of them will be read. Student impressions of
course objectives might shock quite a few of
the faculty, who may have intended just the
opposite, but even these bad guesses will bring
a more conscious attempt at clarity, or perhaps
a boost in standards.
Students will never know just what the re-
sults of their evaluations are. But they may be
sure, judging from the support of the faculty,
that their sincere, carefully-written opinions
are read and respected.
"Boy, Do You Look Silly"
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fA; v :'r
WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND: Veur rtlfo il .icel f
By DREW PEARSON
'Lady in the Dark'
A Big Disappointment
THE BIG QUESTION last night was why "Lady in the Dark" was
picked in the first place. Its creators are illustrious-Kurt Weill, Ira
Gershwin, and Moss Hart-but the Drama Season opener proved to be
a major disappointment.
"Lady in the Dark" was once considered an innovation in the field
of musical comedy, but today it appears dated and a little dull. Basically,
it's a case history with music, and case histories are never terribly enter-
taining no matter how prettied up they get.
Cut away the production numbers and the script becomes a pretty
adequate TV play. Last night it was long and cluttered, with some nice
performances and a few -nice bits. The production is weak in many
ways, but to be fair, a major share of the blame must be placed on the
The story concerns Liza Elliot, smart editor of a chic fashion
magazine. On the surface Liza is the ideal career girl, right down to
Teamster's December Meeting
THE AMERICAN Federation of Labor-Con-
gress of Industrial Organization's crusade
against corruption in union leadership is meet-
ing its greatest test in Dave Beck's International
Brotherhood of Teamsters.
The federation's Executive Council, supported
by the ethical practices committee has given
three similar international unions 90 days to rid
themselves of undesirable elements or be ex-
The fives man ethical practices committee is
conducting hearings on the Teamster's case at
AFL-CIO headquarters in Washington. Mean-
while Teamster president Beck is facing the
Senate Rackets Committee's charges of "the
use of the power of the union to further his
own financial interests."
There is no doubt that the AFL-CIO would
immediately evict Beck and his compatriots
for their abominable actions which the Senate
Rackets Committee has brought to the atten-
tion of the nation. However, neither the execu-
tive council, the ethical practices committee,
nor the supreme national convention of the
federation has the power to remove these men
ALL THAT THEY can do, they have. Beck
has been suspended as a vice-president of
the AFL-CIO and lost his membership in its
executive council. The national convention is
to take up charges against him May 20. It is
certain the executive council will recommend
The fate of Beck and his associates would
then lie in the hands of the Teamsters them-
selves; to be decided at their national con-
vention next December. If the 1,400,000-man
union stays with their leaders they face pos-
sible eviction when the AFL-CIO meets in
The present case against Beck lies in the
hands of the federation's ethical practices
committee. Its strength in the struggle against
union corruption is derived from the ethical
practices code which the AFL-CIO adopted 17
This code does more than inveigh: it serves
as a moral yardstick for international unions
to judge themselves by. The code contains ex-
plicit prohibitions against all manner of cor-
ruption. Non-conformance to it may lead to
expulsion from the federation. Assuredly, Beck
and the Teamster's will offer the code its most
severe test to date.
THE TEAMSTERS can afford to be little
concerned with these happenings. At present
they have a strangle hold on the AFL-CIO. The
federation derives 10 per cent of its total per
capita income from this source. It wouldj
become extinct if the Teamsters were pre-dis-
posed to cut off supplies to large industries,
thereby crippling that union.
Moreover, the.merger of the CIO and AFL
gave the federation no absolute authority. The
Teamsters virtually have the power of veto
over the council by their economic and financial
It is apparent that the ethical practices
committee will find union leadership in need of
a cleansing, and recommend to the executive
council it make a case for expulsion by the
AFL-CIO national convention, May 20.
We hope the pressures brought to bear by
public opinion and disgruntled Teamster work-
ers will initiate a great catharsis; that the twin
blows struck by the Senate and the AFL-CIO
will fill the Teamster's meeting next December
with the sounds of upheaval and rebellion.
A NEW TRIAL has quietly been
ordered for the man who was
kicked out of the Army because he
advocated a stronger air corps --
Gen. Billy Mitchell.
General 'Mitchell has now been
dead 21 years and it has been over
three decades since a sensational
court-martial found him guilty of
insubordination for demanding
more air power as the best de-
fense of the United States.
However, the Air Force Correc-
tions Board this month will take
the almost unprecedented step of
retrying his case.
The move was ordered after
Mitchell's son requested the Air
Force to reverse the verdict and
clear his father's name..
In the Air Force, Mitchell is
considered its number one hero
and founder. He warned that fu-
ture wars would be won in the air,
and showed how airplanes could
sink battleships, which in his day
was unheard cif: It became all too
true, however, at Pearl Harbor.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur was a
member of the famous court
which found Mitchell guilty on
Dec. 18, 1925.
* * *
PRESIDENT Eisenhower has to
win two battles when he faces the
nation on TV tonight.
Number one is the obvious
battle of the budget.
Number two is the battle which
GOP leaders understand much
better than Ike - for control of
the Republican Party.
If Ike loses his round with Con-
gress over foreign aid and the
licans take over. They know this.
budget, then the "regular Repub-
and that's one reason they are
fighting so hard and why they
don't want him to fight hard.
It's also why the palace guard
is trying to get Ike to fight hard.
They know, and have been telling
the President that, if he loses this
round, "Modern Republicanism"
is dead. He can kiss good-bye any
idea of remaking the Republican
Party in his own image.
The White House staff began
telling newsmen and congressmen
even while the President was in
Augusta that he was going to
battle for the budget. They may
well have done so before fully con-
sulting the President, for at that
time he was still being very palsy
with the man who first pulled the
rug out from under his budget,
SENATOR Barry Goldwater of
Arizona, most vociferous of the
"Regular R e publicans," tele-
phoned the White House the oth-
"I like Ike," he protested, "But
don't let him go on television. The
people are not for him on the bud-
get. The reaction will break his
He talked about 1958 when "we"
are going to get control. He
pointed to the fact that most of
the Republican senators up for
re-election in '1958 are conserva-
tives. Only two or three Modern
Republicans are up for re-election.
"And," he said, looking further
ahead,. "we're going to capture
control with Knowland in 1960."
He referred to the backing
which Regular Republicans are
organizing for Sen. Bill Know-
land for President in 1960.
When Republican leaders called
on Ike for their regular huddle
last week, they cautioned him not
to attack the sincerity of Congress
when he appeared-on TV. They
urged a temperate talk. They
didn't use these exact words, but
what they really wanted was that
Ike make no appeal such as
Roosevelt so effectively made over
the heads of Congress to force
Congress to pass his program.
OBVIOUSLY, they were think-
of the party battle, not the Presi-
dent, when they gave this advice.
For the only way Ike can win is
to call on the voters to retaliate
against congressmen who put dol-
lars ahead of the nation's welfare.
Sherman Adams, who knows
what the score is, has been giving
just the opposite advice of GOP
leaders. But he's had a hard time
keeping Ike in line. Ike is not one
who likes to tangle with Con-
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
her affair with the publisher. But
really she is far from a happy
woman and big neuroses lurk in
her tormented mind.
She begins to lose her grip and
gets carried away as the sub-con-
scious breaks into the clear light
of day. So, naturally, she, goes to
On the couch, Liza describes her
dreams and they are the darndest
things you've ever seen. Every one
is a big musical extravaganza, hor-
ribly traumatic (for heroine and
audience alike), grossly symbolic,
and generally inane.
* * *
But dreams are always disjoint-
ed, and any artistic atteempt to
accuratelyportray them must in-
evitably seem disjointed, too. The
effect on the watcher is that of
sitting in on somebody's night-
mare. This is not exactly enter-
To add to it all, every dream
number is followed by the poor
psychoanalyst who explains the
meaning in technical jargon. Since
the dreams are so glaringly obvious
that a Psych. 31 student could un-
derstand them, this business is
tedious to say the least.
The production itself has both
good and bad points. Amongst the
latter are a chorus that mangles
the words and notes of some good
tunes, an orchestra that sounds
like it was recruited from the
Gaiety Burlesque Show in Detroit
and apparently wants nothing to
do with the whatever the chorus is
singing, and a heavy pace that
drags the proceedings for all of the
first act and part of the second.
* * *
THE NICE POINTS are notable:
the sets are bright and charming,
pointing up the opposite charac-
teristics of the book; Carol Bruce
striving to make Liza a little more
interesting than she really was and
really brought the needed flash of
joy into the show with her "Saga
of Jenny" number.
That tune, by the way, was part
of the only dream sequence that
came across simply because it
didn't take itself so seriously as
the others. The real hero of the
night, though, was Scott McKay,
who invested a stock role with
individuality, warmth and charm.
It was a nice idea for the Festi-
val to do a musical, but things
might have worked outbbetter if
the show had been less self-con-
scious about its hallowed subject.
THE Michigan Men's Glee Club
demonstrated Saturday evening
that it is far more than just a
tradition in fine choral music.
The group's diction was remark-
ably clear and accurate through-
out. Especially outstanding was
the variety of dynamic levels and
the control of pitch, with nearly
perfect balance between the vari-
ous sections and the soloists.
An atmosphere of easiness con-
veyed by the types of music sung,
the frequent interjections of hu-
mor, and the vitality of the group
as a whole, from its brisk entry at
the beginning to its final exit, was
effectively combined with excellent
OF SPECIAL interest was the
premiere of a new Michigan song,
a hymn which will be the third
part of a trilogy entitled "Voices
of Michigan." The trilogy is being
written by Fred Haughton and
Dean Earl V. Moore of the music
school for the 100th anniversary of
the Glee Club in 1959.
Technical skill, balance between
sections and good discipline were
strikingly demonstrated in the
opening numbers. particularly in
Handel's "Then Round About the
Starry Throne." Tenor soloist Dan
Pressley was warmly applauded
for his rendition of the "Flower
Song" from Carmen and "This is
my Beloved" from Kismet. The
entrance of the entire club during
"When I Was a Lad" from H.M.S.
Pinafore brought many laughs and
a hearty response from the audi-
ce.* * *
THE NOVELAIRES were superb
in Hoist's "The Heart Worships"
and Mel Torme's "Country Fair."
AT THE STATE
ONCE AGAIN the western scene
is brightened by the inimit-
able presence of the invincible
Alan Ladd. Once again, criminals
are driven like cattle out of the
free frontier. Once again the ter-
rible justice of the Kansas plain
is meted out. The boy scout in a
cowboy suit, the saviour with a six-
shooter, the Robin Hood of the
grassy range returns once again
to the silver screen, a big man in
a Big Land.
Only the minds of love sick cow-
girls could dream up this Al-
American boy; only the brains of
money-hungry studios could create
this blasphemy of a story; and, un-
fortunately. only the intellects of
untrained chimpanzees can suc-
ceed in being amused by a com-
bination of the two. If the movie
is awful, the acting is worse.
* * *
IN THIS PARTICULAR produc-
tion, Mr. Ladd's untarnished pseu-
donym is 'Rebel' Morgan, a name
vaguely connected to a previous
Civil War campaign, and one ap-
parently disliked by everyone con-
cerned. Cheated by a smiling vil-
lain on some cattle sales, poor
Morgan is ousted from his friendly
fraternity of horse - m o u n t e d
herdsmen, and forced to trot off
alone into a damp and dreary
world wherein no peace exists.
This film contains within its
shallow depths the only case in
history where the cowboy is re-
jected because he didn't kill a man,
The black - eyed swindler stays
alive, for Ladd has a tender heart
and, fortunately for the rest of the
story, he continues to pursue his
short life of active evil for another
hour and a half.
LADD BEGINS his, exploits by
rescuing a drunken bum from a
lynching and turning him into a
solid, stolid citizen and architect.
He and his new-found partner de-
cide to build a town in the middle
of an empty plain, where the rail-
road can roll and the antelope
play, and where the two of them
can dictate the selling price of
their own market cattle,
The nasty crook creates the
usual difficulties in Utopian plan,
but Alan, despite the death of the
teetotaling sot, manages to destroy
the evil gentleman and saves the
embryo city from destruction.
In the process, he manages to
lose all sense of taste and falls
in love with some posturing female
named Virginia Mayo. She, the
sister of his business associate,
reciprocates his affection and de-
serts her kindly but inactive fiance
for little Ladd. As is usual in this
sort of thing, only the brave de-
serve the fair.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the' Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3519 Administration Building, be-
fore 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
TUESDAY, MAY 14, 1957
VOL. LXVII, NO. 159
Phi Delta Kappa Omega Chapter will
hold its annual spring initiation ban-
quet and election of officers at 6:00
p.m., Tuesday, May 14, Room 3B, Michi-
gan Union. Speaker will be John H.
Halloran, visiting Lecturer in Educa.
tion from the University of Sheffield,
on "An Englishman Looks at Americau
Education." $2.50 per plate. For reser-
vation, telephone Arthur E. Lean, Ext.
Attention LSA Students: A poll of
Student Opinion of Courses and Teach-
ing will be conducted through ques-
tionnaires to be distributed to students
in the College of Literature, Science
and the As on Tues. and Wed., May
14 and 15. In order that students and
faculty may read the questionnaire be-
forehand, the questions are listed be-
1. What is your judgment as to the
value of this course in your education?
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
THE CULTURE BIT:
By DAVID NEWMAN
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
DESPITE the emphasis on friendliness,
Prime Minister Macmillan's conferences
with Chancellor Aaenauer in Bonn have pro-
duced something less than success. .
The communique issued after their discus-
sions fails to clarify the extent of the strain,
but it is considerable.
West Germany, along with other members
of Western European Union, which comprises
the European unit under NATO, is still con-
vinced that Britain will tear the foundations
out of Western defense if she pursues her
plan to reduce her forces.
Britain's continental allies are now solidly
against her on the point.
THE WEU assembly, an advisory body, called
Wednesday for re-submission of the plan
RICHARD SNYDER,. Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
(AIL GOLDSTEIN .................. Personnel Director
ERNEST THEODOSSIN ............ Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK........ Associate Editorial Director
MARY AXN THOMAS............. Features Editor
DAVID GREY ........... . ....... Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER ........ Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN ........ Associate Sports Editor
JANE FOWLER and
ARLINE LEWIS ................ Women's Co-Editors
-JOHN HIRTZEL -.Chief Photographer
to NATO before it is carried any farther.
The argument is that nuclear defenses upon
which Britain proposes to rely may deter nu-
clear but not conventional war. And it is
conventional defense which is at stake.
Behind the scenes, as mentioned here before,
is an economic contest between the allies for
foreign trade, with its - requirement for in-
vestment in industrial expansion rather than
BRITAIN realizes that her action creates a
tendency for the continental powers to do
even less on defense than they have been do-
In addition to this, a powerful political is-
sue in Germany; the Germans are not satisfied
with the prospect of a mere token defense in
case of war, despite their own reluctance
The crux of the situation seenls to be -wheth-
er tactical nuclear weapons are actually in suf-
ficient supply to replace conventional British
firepower as rapidly as it is removed. There
are strong doubts about it.
Ne0 Books at Library
Bass, Robert D. - The Green Dragoon; NY,
de Bernardy, Francoise-Son of Talleyrand;
NY, Putnam's, 1957.
Douglas, A. Vibert - The Life of Arthur
Stanley Eddington; DTY, T. Nelson. 1957.
Drucker, Peter F. - America's Next Twenty
Years; NY, Harper's, 1957.
Ford, Alice, ed. - The Bird Biographies of
John James Audubon; NY, Macmillan, 1957.
W HETHER we dig it or not, the
cultural phenomenon known
as "rock 'n' roll" is the biggest
thing in the country. The cat with
the sideburns and the volcanic
abdomen is making more money
than we'll ever see.
Four grown men chanting,
"Dooby-do-wah," send audiences
into ecstacy. A fat man who man-
ages to make all lyrics come out,
"Mph ... glub ... crmg . . . ugh,"
leads the country in record sales.
(With those lyrics, maybe it's bet-
ter that way.)
The future leaders of the na-
tion cry, "Go, man, go!" to the
four winds, and more kids know
the words to "Houn' Dog" than
the Gettysburg Address. Under-
standably, many of us are "all
But what about the college stu-
dent, the Michigan one in parti-
cular? Standing above the lowly
masses, secure in his ivory tower,
he leads us to believe he sneers
at the pleasures of the people.
Give him Bartok or give him Bru-
beck ...all the rest is dross. But,
we ask slyly, is it really so? Is the
collegiate cat any more sophisti-
cated than the high school cat?
* * *
PERHAPS he scorns rock tn roll
publicly and then rushes back to
his room, locks the door, and rev-
but the truth was out. "Well,"
said he, "we have an all rock 'n
roll ;show on Saturday afternoons
from one to two. And , . . well, it's
an all-request show." Ah-ha!
I left Lippert and slipped into
my black motorcycle jacket,
greased my sideburns, and headed
for Ann Arbor radio station
WPAG. The man who has his fin-
ger on the local rock 'n roll pulse
is one Richard Mayers, a disk
jockey at WPAG who runs an all
show six days a week.
A senior in the Speech Depart-
ment, Mayers is a jazz buff off
mike, but on the air he maintains
a strict policy of shake, rattle,
and roll. How does he feel about
the stuff? "I'd give it five more
years to fade out, just like the big
bands did," said Mayers, a lanky
collegiate-looking chap. The
phone rang and he paused to take
a dedication from Sue and Fran to
all the boys at Ann Arbor High.
MAYERS makes no pretense of
appealing to the college set, but
he has a few theories with some
startling evidence to support
them. "When the high school kids
go on to college," he mused,
"they'll probably drop their rock
'n' roll and become super-sophisti-
cated. It's. thought of as an ado-
soon became clear to Mayers that
he was talking to a wise-guy, and
a condescending wise-guy at that.
"I told him if he was trying to
be funny he wasn't doing too
well," Mayers continued, "aid I
got a little angry. Well, it turned
out the guy was just trying to save
face because he really wanted to
hear a record. He'd been listening
all afternoon. He apologized pro-
fusely, and it turned out he really
loved the stuff but was ashamed
to admit it."
BUT THE real blow to colle-
giate sophistication came during
Mayers' contest of a few weeks
past. The gimmick was to vote for
your favorite - Pat Boone or El-
vis. "Put down another vote for
the bobby-soxer's dreamboat El-
vis (Golden Calf) Presley," gushed
one miss from teen-town.
"Elvis has such a dynamic per-
sonality and face that he make
me feel good all over," 'another
hot-rod queen confessed, aban-
doning grammar for passion.
But what to my wondering eyes
did appear but a fat envelope in
the pile containing a long list. I
quote it gleefully: "Dear Mr. May-
ers, we of Couzens Hall dormitory
would like to request that you
play one half hour of Pat Boone
records on Monday. Don't cheat!"