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May 11, 1957 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1957-05-11

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I

The Prodigal Father

I

Sixty-Seventh Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

Then Opinions Are Free
Trutb Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

ATURDAY, MAY 11, 1957

NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS BLUES

Danger of the Grass Roots -
Being a Late Starter

-
1 _

AT THE MICHIGAN:
'Strange One' Has
Tremendous Power
7HERE IS SO MUCH power, excitement and brilliance in "The
Strange One" that it seems odd to call it an unsatisfying film. It
is superbly directed and acted, with all the impact-of a pile-driver. But
the very excellence of the film and the depth of its people lead one
to wish for something more - clarity.
"The Strange One" is based on a novel and a play by Cadler Will-
ingham titled "End As a Man," and it almost seems mandatory to read

'

PRESIDENT EISENHOWER, after balking
an economy-minded Congress for many
months, has taken the issue of his budget
to the people. His decision to test his popular-
ity with the American public,who reelected him
with an overwhelming majority only six
months ago, against a Congress bent on spend-
ing cuts is one of the sheerest necessity.
His program so enthusiastically endorsed by
the voters is bogged down and in danger of
being economized into impotency. Federal aid-
to-education and foreign aid are prime tar-
gets for the aroused Congressmen, and are two
areas which the President feels are vital to our
aational security.
Instead of trying further to swing Congress
to his line of thinking, he is now appealing
ais case to the American public via television.
'he two nationally televised speeches the
President has planned for coming weeks will
try to correct what the White House has
ermed "misinformation" about the $72 billion
>udget now being acted on by the legislators.
HE PRESIDENT'S defense will be directed
toward salvaging as much of the foreign
aid appropriation as possible, one of the few
areas of the budget where substantial cuts can
>e made, as was demonstrated in his recent
peech before the leaders of the League of
Women Voters.
In trying to win popular support for a bud-
et which Democrats have opposed as firmly
as the conservative members of his own party,

the President is probably weakening his own
position. While Congressmen point to local
sentiment favoring spending cuts, they will
not look favorably on the President's attempt
to bypass them in trying to change this' senti-
ment. A hostile Congress is not one from which
to expect legislative favors.
Eisenhower's new approach to the problem
of the budget may be his last change to insure
enactment of his program, but the direct ap-
peal to the people has come too late. Public
opinion does not change overnight, and the
congressmen's reaction to the opinions of his
constituents is not always prompt or represen-
tative.
IN ADDITION the legislature has already
dawdled overly-long on budget matters this
session, and additional consideration of the
requests already acted upon, most. of which
have been cut, will meet little congressional
favor. The major portion of legislation to be
considered this session, including the highly
controversial civil rights bill, is awaiting con-
sideration. The congressman's natural desire
for six months at home to mend political fences
is also working against the President's appeal.
The President's scheme is his last chance to
save the legislative program which a few
months ago met with the approval of the Am-
erican public, but his late start in the grass-
roots campaign has reduced its effectiveness to
only a token value.
-ROBERT JUNKER

U

i

!. 4
' V rifJyy,
"'
_ l
bra
}

I

4-:AEHIRN GsTO TERR-rG RO :
WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:

1 enson Has Tree Troubles
By DREW PEARSON

TODAY AND TOMORROW:

THE PRESIDENT has bee
derstand why, after his
in November, he has run in
position in Congress. His1n
to think, was a national r
people which ought to be o
the Republicans in Congre
sponsible Democrats as w
there is virtually no conne
popular vote for Presidentl
vember and what the Congre
for now.
The Republicans in Congr
like Mr. Knowland and Mr
opposed to the President on
cal issues of the budget and
The Eisenhower Republican
Case puts it, are those wt
President Eisenhower and re
doubts in his favor. They arE
The Democrats, who gave t
effective support after the:
Congress in 1954, are now
sition preparing for the C
tions of 1958. In Congress t
politicians. who manage th
acting on the assumption th
not punish them if they opl
and will not reward them if
Thus, despite his great1
the President has no party b
finds himself unable to trans
into the hard cash of practi

Ike -he Straddler
By WALTER LIPPMANNI
n at a loss to un- of fact, his political power is declining, not
enormous victory increasing, and he faces more trouble to drum
to such heavy op- up support now than he did in his first term.
najority, he seems 'The decline of his power is no doubt con-
mandate from the nected with the fact that he can never run
beyed not only by again. But why is it that he has not been able
yss but by the re- to translate his' great personal popularity into
el. Yet, in fact, effective political power? Franklin Roosevelt
ction between the became the undisputed leader of the Demo-
Eisenhower in No- cratic Party in his first term. Why not Presi-
ss is willing to vote dent Eisenhower?
There are, so it seems to me, two main rea-
ess are led by men sons.
Bridges who are
many of the criti- THE FIRST is that he had never understood,
of foreign policy. or at least has never been willing to believe
s, as Sen. Francis in, the measures by which practical politicians
ho greatly admire translate popularity into power. He has wanted,
solve most of their to remake the Republican Party in the fifties
e a small minority, as Roosevelt remade the Democratic Party in
he President such the middle thirties. But he has never been will-
y won control of ing to break the eggs that are needed for the
a partisan oppo- omelet. He .has hoped that the Republicans
ongressional elec- who did not share his views would have a
oday the practical change of heart, that his own sincerity and
e two parties are geniality would win them over. He has never
hat the voters will been willing to do what practical political lead-
pose the President ers have to do, which is to fill the posts of
they support him. command with men who share their views, to
personal majority, defend and to reward their supporters, and to
)ehind him. and he put out or put down their opponents.

EZRA TAFT BENSON has run
into trouble on his somersault
on tree-growing. First he killed
all government nurseries; now he
is urging more money for nurseries.
The trouble comes primarily from
his fellow Republicans.
Shortly after he became Secre-
tary of Agriculture, Ezra junked
all Department of Agriculture
nurseries. He claimed it was not
the job of the government to grow
trees, and he turned the nurseries
over to the states-even if the
states didn't want them.
At Winona, Minn., Benson gave
a thriving U.S. nursery to the
state of Minnesota. The state pro-
ceeded.to remove all trucks, tools,
tractors, the overhead irrigation
system and some of the choice
nursery stock. Then Minnesota
abandoned the site.t
The site is now owned by the
Winona Sand and Gravel Co.,
which purchased the once-thriv-
ing U.S. government nursery for
the bargain price of $3,000. The
price included a Butler building
valued at $12,000, plus all irriga-
tion equipment that could not be
moved, including a pump, motor,
etc., plus other minor buildings.
'*
IN BRIEF, the nursery which
once grew thousands of 'trees is
now a gravel pit.
But three years later, when
Secretary Benson started his soil
bank plan, he suddenly discovered
he would need trees.
So, because it's too late to start
U.S. nurseries and because he
doesn't want to reverse himself
that much, Benson is now pumping
$6,000,000 of federal funds into
state nurseries whether the states
want the money or not.
Benson is giving the $6,000,000
in direct grants to the states,
without any matching funds, a
policy directly contrary to the
Eisenhower policy of making the

states put up matching money for
federal aid.
The House Appropriations Sub-
committee, discovering what Ben-
son was doing, objected. They
found that the grants were made
by the Secretary of Agriculture
himself.
"Why did you oppose such sub-
sidies in 1955," asked Congressman
Budge of Idaho, "Yet now you
have them in the budget?"
Congressman Jenson of Iowa
also objected. He doubted whether
the Agriculture Department had
legal authority to subsidize state
nurseries to sell trees at below cost
to farmers.
The plan for United States funds
for state nurseries is going ahead
anyway, with the expectation that
farmers will plant 5,000,000 acres
in trees under the soil bank plan.
Actually farmers have signed con-
tracts to plant only 7 per cent of
that number in 1956-57. Since
1940, farmers have planted only
10,000,000 acres of trees, and their
rate of planting prior to the soil
bank had reached about 1,000,000
acres per year.
So they will have to do a lot of
planting to hit 5,000,000 acres per
year any time in the near future.
* * *
ELEVEN U.S. mayors who op-
pose a new natural gas bill have
been getting the silent run-
around from Rep.'Oren Harris
(D-Ark.), chairman of the House
Commerce Committee, which is
now hearing testimony on the 1957
natural gas bill.
The new version of the bill, en-
dorsed by President Eisenhower at
a recent press conference, is basi-
cally the same as the Harris ,Bill
the President vetoed a year ago.
Southwestern natural gas pro-
ducers, who seek greater freedom
in raising prices, had their day in
court this week before the Harris

committee. Next week, opponents
of the bill are slated to appear.
However, Harris has been reluc-
tant to schedule the "U.S. Mayors
Committee op Natural Gas Legis-
lation," which wields the weighti-
est influence against the Harris
Bill. Headed by New York City's
Mayor Robert Wagner, it speaks
for 12,000,000 gas consumers, most
of whom don't want their monthly
gas payments raised.
Chairman Harris has delayed
granting the mayors a specific
time to testify next week, simply
saying he's too busy to consider
the matter.
" * *
ON MAY 2 Mayor Richard Dil-
worth of Philadelphia wrote to
request a chance for the mayors
to testify. He was told to submit
a list of their names and replied
on May 3.
"When all requests have been
received," wrote Dilworth, "We
believe the total will be some 15
to 20, and their statements will not
exceed 15 minutes each.
"I am sure you realize, how-
ever, that no list can be provided
to you with any finality, as it is not
possible for us to arrange the trips
of these gentlemen from all over
the country, burdened as they are
with heavy municipal duties, un-
less the days on which they may
appear are made known to them in
advance.. .
"The views of these mayors,
representing as they do millions of
gas customers, should be of great
interest to your committee, and I
am confident we will receive your
full cooperation in arranging a
suitable schedule for their appear-
ance." 1
Unfortunately, Mayor Dilworth's
confidence was not justified. Har-
ris continued to stall, explaining
that his week's hearings have
taken all his time.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

the novel after having seen the
movie. There are questions, moti-
vations, elements which need to
be explained in order to round out
the picture.
Were "The Strange One" a
gangster movie, say, pitched on a
lower level and handled with less
subtlety, this reviewer would call
it an exceptional melodrama and
leave it at that. But there is com-
plexity of character, mood ani
story; every scene indicates a,
deeper purpose than straight
melodrama.
t * *
THE PLOT concerns one Jocko
De Paris, n sadistic cadet in a
southern military school, who
terrorizes and rules the lives "of
his fellow cadets. He is a bully,
a shrewd conniver, an. "operator"
and a psychopath, who plays God
in his little world. ,
DeParis' manages to frame a
fellow student - simply for the
enjoyment of it, as far as we can
tell - and have him expelled for
drunkenness. That is the initial
incident, done in a gripping scene
of bizarre terror yet quietly under-
played.
From then on, it's Jocko grow-
ing in power until at last every-
thing blows up in a final sequence
that will leave you shaken.
Throughout, the tension builds
and builds until one is ready to
Jump out of the seat, but it is
masterfully held beneath the sur-
face.,
The picture is invested with fas-
cinating characters, from Jocko
himself to his simple roommate.
Note also the moronic football
player, the idealistic freshman,
the pitiful, creepy hypocrite and
the crawly effeminate who idolizes
Jocko. Not one of them is a stock
character and eachis drawn with
care.
AND YET, we do not complete-
ly understand. Jocko must be giv-
en psychological credence, if not
plot credence, in order for his acts
to be understood. Why is he this
way? Why does he do these
things?
The perceptive eye will catch
hints in the film which are made
clearer in the novel. There is an
undercurrent of homosexuality in
Jocko that shows itself subtly in
the way he attempts to fix-up a
woman-frightened cadet, in the
way he uses his own woman, in
the way he treats his fellow ca-
dets.
The adoring cadet who follows
him around pinpoints this. But is
it enough to motivate everything?
I think not. At one point, a
character says of Jocko that he
hates everybody. Homosexuality
and sadism don't tell the whole
story, but what might is missing.
Broadway actor Ben Gazzara
turns in a deeply chilling and per-
ceptive performance as Jocko, one
of the best performances in years.
Pat Hingle, as his roommate, and
Mark Richman and George Pep-
pard as the freshmen are equally
memorable. Director Jack.Garfien
has used a documentary and a
neo-realistic technique to great
advantage.
The crazy world of the military
college gives verisimilitude to the
odd balls, and it is well displayed.
You may be confused when you
come out of the "Strange One",
but you will not forget it for a
long, long time.
-David Newman

LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
Injustice .,.
To the Editor:
A GROSS injustice is being done
the students of Ann Arbor by
the "protective" arm of the local
law. Not only is our police force
apathetic and neglectful, but they
eagerly seek detours from their
duties.
Recently, my bicycle was stolen.
Later, I found it parked outside
the School of Business Adminis-
tration. I sought the aid , of the
police department to investigate
the offender at the next change of
classes. They couldn't be bothered
with such a trivial matter, but if
I wished to apprehend the violator
myself, they would consider look-
ing into it.
When I questioned the stranger
who tried to make off with the
bicycle, he refused to give his
name, but gladly turned it over to
me and left in a hurry. This is
only one of hundreds of the same
type of crime which goes unpun-
ished and passed over with little
concern by City Hall year after
year.
Some time ago, I was issued a.
bicycle parking violation ticket.
The Ann Arbor officers are always
willing to enforce these laws if
they happen to be in the right
place, at the right time, and in the
proper mood.
But call on them to go out of
their way to aid in apprehending
an offender of a much more seri-
ous law, and they are either other-
wise occupied, or are not "sure
whether it's an offense or not."
How about getting the police
force active and inducing them to
provide some protection for the
student by strict enforcement of
such serious violations as theft.
Under present conditions, the law
requiring every bicyclist to pur-
chase an operator's license for a
fee of 50c insures them' of no pro-
tection whatsoever, but merely
serves as a convenient source of
revenue.
-Malcolm K. MacDonaId '59
Slave Trade?
To the Editor:
ON THE front page of the May
7th issue of The Daily, under
the caption, "Special Auction,"' was
published a picture that is sadly
reminiscent of the unholy slave-
trade days - two girls standing
alone and a man crying for the
highest bidder to buy their serv-
ices.
For whatever noble cause the
Campus Chest Drive may be run
and in whatever 'humour' people
may be expected to take it, the
whole thing has an uncouth and
unpleasant touch an hurts the
aesthetic feelings of a sensitive
and academic campus as the Uni-
versity. It gives the feeling that
services of girls can be purchased
at a public auction for money.
Neither is the sale of 'late per-
missions' in good taste. The mo-
ment something is expected in re-
turn, true Charity loses all her
charms and becomes a mere busi-
ness.
That a general University regu-
lation should be relaxed indiscrim-
inately in the name of this busi-
ness is in itself a logical anomaly
and not too heartening.
-Thomas S. David, '57E
DAILY
IOFFICIAL

BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Roonm
3519 Administration .Building, be-
fore 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00, p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, MAY 11, 1957
VOL. LXVII, NO. 157
Phi Delta Kappa Omega Chapter will
hold its annual spring initiation ban-
quet and election of officers at 6:00
p.m., Tuesday, May 14, Room 3B, Michi-
gan Union. Speaker will be John H.
Halloran, Visiting Lecturer in Educa-
tion from the University of Sheffield,
on "An Englishman Looksat American
Education." $2.50 per plate. For reser-
vations, telephone Arthur E. Lean,
Ext. 3354.
American Chemical Soc., U-M Section
Mon., May 13, 6 p.m. in Michigan Union
Speaker: Prof. Fritz G. Arndt, of Ham-
burg, Germany, on "Contributions to
and the Problems of Auromaticity."
Please notify Charles L. Rulfs before
Monday if you plan to attend.

I

late his popularity
cal political power.

IN THE FAMOUS broadcast of Feb. 29, 1956,
when, after his recovery from his heart at-
tack, he explained his decision to run for a
second term, the President was already con-
cerned with this problem. He knew he had
not succeeded, as he had hoped to, in rallying
the Republicans behind him. "The work," he
said, "that I set out four years ago to do has
not yet reached the state of development and
fruition that I then hoped could be accom-
plished within the period of a single term in
this office." What was this uncompleted work?
It was the conversion of the Republican Party
to what it has since become the fashion to call
"modern Republicanism" -- to a "program,"
as he put it in his broadcast, that "adapts gov-
ernmental methods to changing industrial,
economic, and social conditions."
He thought that he had not brought about
this adaptation because four years were not
a long enough time, and that he could bring
it about in his second term. But as a matter
Fiforial Staff
RICHARD SNYDER. Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOLDSTEIN.............Personnel Director
ERNEST THEODOSSIN Magazine Editor
JANET REARICK .. Associate Editorial Director
MARY ANN THOMAS .......Features Editor
DAVID GREY . .......... Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN REILPERN.........Associate Sports Editor
JANE FOWLER and
ARLINE LEWIS .............. Wpmen's Co-Editors
JOHN H£IRTZEL ................ Chief Photographer
lbusiness Staff
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
RfILTON GOLDSTEIN . Associate Business Manager
WILLIAM PUSCH............. Advertising Manage
CHTART-ES WILSON ....... iancena rnager

He has thought of himself as accomplishing
his hopes for the Republican Party by stand-
ing above that party. From that eminence he
would by the radiation of his popularity change
the course of American political history. This
image of the presidency has in fact done much
to increase his personal popularity. He has
kept aloof from the controversies which arouse
opposition and cause unpopularity.
But; though it has increased his popularity,
it has diminished his influence. For men do not
follow leaders who do not lead, and they do
not care to be shot at while their commanders
are appeasing their foes.
THE SECOND big reason why he has ndt
succeeded in becoming the leader of a re-
generated party is that, quite sincerely and
genuinely, he has incompatible objectives. He
would like to be a "modern Republican" in pro-
moting welfare measures and, an internation-
alist in foreign policy. But he would also like
to be somewhere between Secretary Humphrey
and Sen. Byrd when it comes to paying for
modern Republicanism. On the one hand he
would like, as he said in his acceptance speech
to the San Francisco convention, to make the
Republicans "the party of the future" and to
meet the "new kinds of challenge to Federal
and local governments: water supply, high-
ways, health, housing, power development and
peaceful uses of atomic energy. With two-
thirds of us living in big cities, questions of
urban organization and redevelopment must
be given high priority. Highest of all, perhaps,
will be the priority of first class education to
meet the demands of our swiftly growing
school age population."
But while meeting these big challenges, he
would like at the same time to reduce rather
than expand the functions of the Federal Gov-
ernment and to avoid somehow the rise in
Federal expenditures which is unavoidable if
the challenges are to be met.
This incompatibility within his own philo-
sophy has come to a head in the present bud-
get. As presented, the budget reflects a cautious

TUNE OF THE HICKORY STICK:
Corporal Punishment in Schools Still with Us

1-1

A

By The Associated Press
" OR BLOTTING copy book, two
lashes.
"For giving each other ill names,
three lashes.
"For boys and girls playing to-
gether, four lashes."
Probably not even the most
yearnful of those who yearn for
"the good old days" in American
education would want to revive
this quaint set of rules that was in
effect in a North Carolina school
100 years ago.
But there are those who wonder
whether in these days of juvenile
delinquency headlines the schools
may not have gone too far in re-
laxing the threat-and practice-
of corporal punishment-CP, as
the professional educators refer
to it.
* * *
CERTAINLY both threat and
practice have been relaxed in the
century since seven lashes, the
North Carolina school's maximum
penalty, were prescribed "for do-
ing any mischief."
CP began to wane in American
scoonls with the swen nof aapt

in. punishing one. To hand out a
licking, they feel, is to admit they
have failed in their job - which
they see as not only to teach but
to make school so interesting that
discipline is no real problem.
"Increasingly during recent
years we have become more demo-
cratic in our approach to disci-
pline," William M. Ulstad, Rapid
City, S.D., told a national princi-
pals' conference recently.
"Authoritarian techniques do not
provide desired outcomes in the
process of teaching and learning
acceptable behavior."
* * *
DOES THIS MEAN that the
tune of the hickory stick no longer
echoes down the corridors of
America's schools?
Not so you could notice it, says
L. E. Vredevoe, professor of edu-
cation at the University of Cali-
fornia at Los Angeles.
Vredevoe told the principals'
conference he had visited 758 sec-
ondary schools - about a third
of those in the nation - since the
war.
"ThP rihhar ncP C .PP31 _rPae

They are used to it and expect it."
"We follow a policy of 'Pray
but keep your powder dry' We've
used the honor system 8 or 10
years, and we do everything we
can to prevent trouble with a stu-
dent, but when it comes, we use an
iron hand.
"I use the paddle myself at least
every week-gave a boy 20 licks
just last week-and I hear it is
being used in the assistant princi-
pal's office every day. But I want
to emphasize that we use the
paddle only after all other meth-
ods fail."
* * *
THE BOY who got the 20 licks?
"He'd been asking for it," he said,
"and he seemed to appreciate it."
Three-fourths of the school su-
perintendents sampled in a poll by
The Nation's Schools magazine
last year gave the green light to
CP as a last resort. Only about
two-thirds of these superinten-
dents reported that their school
boards approved of it, however.
An Ohio superintendent and one
from New York state presented
+~ha tun Avmit -a . a e +a --

solves nothing other than indi-
cating that one person feels he has
superior wisdom and judgment
sufficient to violate the personal
rights of another. It is contrary-to
our way of life."
At least one New York state
teacher, Paul Baldini of Colum-
bus School, Mount Vernon, would
disagree.
Baldini, arrested on charges of,
assaulting a boy student, acknow-
ledged that he had slapped the lad
-- bloodied his nose, even - but
contended he had a right to smack
him to bring him into line.
* * *
CITY JUDGE John P. Griffith
agreed.
Griffith based his decision last
January not only on New York
state law but on Holy Writ. The
law, he said, places the teacher
in the same position as a parent.
As for the Bible, the judge cited
Proverbs 22:15 as well as other
passages:
"Foolishness is bound up in the
heart of a child, but the rod of
correction shall drive it from him."
What do teachers think about
rP 9

.p

I
A

i.

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