"Did I Hear Somebody Knock a Few Months Ago?"
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TUESDAY, MAY 7, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: RICHARD TAUB
Rise Stevens Sings
Mahler Song Cycle
THE LAST CONCERT of the May Festival offered a reading of
Mahler's song cycle, Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen, by Rise
Stevens. This work, while not one of Mahler's major works, is still
easily approachable, due both to its compact brevity and simple
The qualities of Mahler's works which makes them significant and
enjoyable is all present in distillation here. The virtues of this particular
work are its beauty of melodies which are unaffectedly direct and
romantic; the logic and unity in each of the movements and the work
as a whole, with no extraneous matter; and the great economy of its
orchestration, ingeniously rich, yet uncannily transparent with every
detail doing exactly what it is there to do.
The mood of the work is melancholy and low-keyed. In pacing and
in realizing the orchestral details, the work of the orchestra and Mr.
Ormandy were exemplary.
The same, unfortunately, cannot be said for Miss Steven's contri-
bution, but what she did or did not do, did not seriously mar the result.
A MERRY GAME of "hop-scotch" is being
played on Capitol Hill over President Eisen-
hower's school aid program. The unfortunate
victims of this ordinarily pleasant sport are
the nation's children.
At a times when our economy demands a
tremendous increase in the reservoir of techni-
cal talent, Senators and Representatives seem
intent on avoiding responsibility for the provi-
sion of adequate school facilities.
Lyndon Johnson, Senate Democratic leader,
has included school aid among four bills he
said the Senate will not take up unless, or until,
the House of Representatives acts on them.
And over in the House, Democratic Repre-
sentative Graham A. Barden, chairman of the
Education and Labor Committee says he has
been delaying action on Federal school aid
until the House Rules Committee has cleared
the civil rights bill for floor action.
Chances Congress will approve the Presi-
dent's school aid program, which calls for a
four-year $2,000,000,000 classroom construction
plan, became dimmer when it is realized Eisen-
hower's own Senate leader, William Knowland,
is unalterably opposed to it.
SENATOR KNOWLAND fears Federal aid to
education will mean an increase in Federal
controls. Admittedly, a few more bureaucratic
r'oles will be created, but that is small reason
for denying 2,300,000 children who, according
to Secretary Folsom, are being denied proper
The Senator's alternative is to rely more
on local sources for revenue, supposedly to
retain more personal control of our institutions.
On a practical level, this does not always
work out. Only last month, voters in Detroit
overwhelmingly defeated a proposal for a 3-mill
tax increase on assessed property valuation,
after a last-minute, high-pressure campaign
by local business and industrial groups. And so,
thousands of pupils in one of the country's
richest cities will either continue going to
school on half-days or full-days in overcrowded,
Federal action, in addition to continued ac-
tivity on the local levels, is essential to the
unquestionably necessary expansion of our edu-
cational institutions. We should mature past
the defensive self-centeredness of the days of
the 13 Colonies and appreciate the expanding
role of national government.
IT IS unfortunate our own University presi-
dent, Harlan Hatcher, has also objected to
the "further intrusion of the Federal govern-
ment" in education.
He hopes to "keep the schools in their right-
ful and traditional place in the local communi-
ties" by asking the Federal government to sur-
render back to the states "some of the sources
of taxation to be used directly for the support
In a period of world crisis, when the people
of the nation should be developing an increased
feeling of national self-interest, a suggestion of
decentralization appears unconstructive.
RELIANCE on the intelligence of the "local
community" with its necessary provincialism
is a limiting factor in education as well as we
admit it would be in the conducting of foreign
policy. "Local community" America almost paid
a fatal price in the 1930's when "isolationism"
predominated and gave most Americans the
illusion that they need not be concerned with
any event beyond the county line.
Federal aid to education, besides its immedi-
ate benefits to the children of our nation,
can also prove to be a constructive factor in
making these disparate -"states" of ours more
"United." It can be an important step in our
increasing acknowledgement of the necessity
for social responsibility on all levels of human
Since her work was the principle
business of the evening, it may be
worth discussing Miss Steven's art
of singing in detail.
WHATEVER THE CASE may
have been fifteen years ago, Miss
Steven's voice is no longer sump-
tuous, nor is it intrinsically pleas-
ing to listen to. But intelligent use
of voice and good phrasing can go
a long way to make up for other
shortcomings. Miss Steven's mu-
sicianship, last night, was care-
less; and the vocal result showed
the years of misuse and forcing.
In the middle and the bottom
registers, her voice has a marked
tremulo, especially when singing
at full voice. This tended to dis-
appear when she sang softly. But
sincea she likes to sing loudly, or
swell her voice up gradually to a
fortissimo (n'any people are im-
pressed at this feat), moments of
cwar voice were rare. Her trills
To add to this, Miss Steven's
diction was poor. In the Mahler
cycle and in the Carmen encore,
she tended to vocalize, rather than
proceed with her bad enunciation.
Sometimes this was a relief.
THE PHRASING of the French
numbers, especially the aria from
Mignon, was surprisingly inept.
The audience reaction was un-
derstandably cool; and a half-
hearted applause after the disap-
pointing encore from Carmen,
allowed Miss Stevens to retire.
The orchestra's sound in Harris'
Symphony No. 3 was bright and
blazing. The musical matter it
clothed was negligible. The read-
ing of Debussy's "Afternoon of a
Faun"' was all that one would
want it to be: subtle in coloration,
with warm woodwinds and mellow
Ravel's La Valse was played en-
thusiastically, but, alas, revealed
the shabby and tricky musical
stuff that it is.
The traditional encore for the
last night concert, the Victor's
March, closed the Festival.
The Tragedy of Joe McCarthy
By DREW PEARSON
New English Curriculum
"I'M IN MECHANICAL engineering. What's
"Good field. I'm in English."
Possibly no field of concentration has been
so maligned as the study of English. Of course,
if you're going to teach, that's something else
again. But a plain old English major? How's
that going to help us in the Cold War?
Even an English major at the University,
where the department is one of the finest in
the country, meets with this sort of opposi-
Next year, the English department is insti-
tuting a new program of studies which will
probably help justify its existence, if it needs
any justification. But more than that, the re-
visions will provide an integrated program,
exposing the English major to many necessary
areas which he has so far, if he wants to
juggle a little, been able to avoid.
THE DEPARTMENT may come under fire for
its rigorous requirements - one semester of
Shakespeare; one of American literature; one
of composition (or history and structure of the
English language); at least one survey course
covering either beginnings to 1780 or 1780 to
the present; and two Major Authors courses
falling outside the scope of the survey.
But the requirements in specific courses are
something everybody - English concentrate
or not -should be exposed to: the greatest
English playwright; the short but important
literature to which our country has fallen heir;
and composition. The latter, even with the
machinations of English 1 and 2 (23 and 24)
completed, is unbelievably important. Ameri-
can educators have long been screaming about
college students' inability to write.
The survey courses will probably, because
of the amount of material to cover, be some-
what hectic and superficial. But they will have
the virtue of exposing the student to many
facets of English literature. Further, more in-
tensive study of particular interests will be
up to the individual student. On the other
hand, the Major Authors courses will supple-
ment the survey by gaining in depth what
they lack in scope.
THE SURVEYS, furthermore, will help make
the Honors Program a more intensive and
exclusive thing than it has so far been. Many
semi-good students have been attracted to it
before, not necessarily because they were in-
terested in or even capable of attaining honors,
but because they wanted an integrated, chron-
ological program of studies. This has led to a
comparatively crowded honors section contain-
ing some mediocre students - which should
never happen in an honors program. The sur-
vey courses will weed out a few of these.
Although he may be steeped in literary
knowledge, the English major will probably
never be generally thought of as useful, as is
the engineer. But in revamping and reorganiz-
ing the department, and offering many chal-
lenging new courses, the English faculty is
helping to prove that the study of language
and literature isn't merely a disorganized his-
torical hodgepodge, but something vitally im-
portant to the understanding of our past and
JOE McCARTHY telephoned me
some days before he died. He
and I had not conversed since I
found myself looking into his face,
arms pinned to side, in the men's
cloakroom of the Sulgrave Club.
We were separated by the Vice-
President of the United States.
Seven years had passed. Sud-
denly I picked up the telephone to
hear a cheery voice as if nothing
had ever happened.
"Drew," said the voice, "This
is Joe McCarthy. Are you sitting
"Yes," I replied, also as if noth-
ing had ever happened.
"I wanted to make sure you were
sitting down, because if you were
standing up you would faint,"
continued Joe. "I've just put your
column in the Congressional Re-
"I haven't always agreed with
your column," he said, "but in this
case I'm sure it's completely ac-
curate, and I wanted to tell you in
advance what I'd done so you
The column pertained to the
doublecross given Israel regarding
her withdrawal from the Gaza
Strip and the Gulf of Aqaba. Just
a short time before, Joe had led
a Senate fight to keep a filmed
TV report of mine on Israel from
being shown in the Senate caucus
room. That was how perverse he
I suppose no one newspaperman
suffered more economically than I
did from Joe McCarthy. But I felt
sorry for Joe in these latter years.
He had been so famous once. He
was so lonely lately. He used to
walk through the halls of Congress,
a sheaf of handouts under his
arm, offering them to newspaper-
men, offering to pose before the
TV cameras. But his press hand-
outs hit the wastepaper baskets
and his face didn't appear on TV
Once the cameramen had lined
up outside his office clamoring for
"one more shot." Press associa-
tions dogged his footsteps, worked
in shifts, never let him walk down
a corridor alone.
But now he walked alone.
That was what killed Joe.
Fame is a cruel thing. It can.
lift you up to the mountain tops.
It can forget you at the bottom.
It can exhilarate you with seeing
your name in headlines. It can
leave you crushed and wondering
why you are all alone.
In Joe's case he was forgotten
by the alleged friends who saw
the political importance of pinning
the communist label on a Demo-
It was not Father Edmund
Walsh who was really responsible
for taking Joe up on the mountain
top. True, he first planted the idea
in Joe's mind, first told him that
the man who focused on Com-
munists in the State Department
would gecome a national hero. My
attorney, Bill Roberts, was present
when Father Walsh and Joe first
But the subsequent, absurd idea
that there were "205 card-carrying
Communists known to the Secre-
tary of State" . would have re-
mained an absurd idea if certain
politicians and certain publishers
hadn't seen this as a heaven-sent
chance to pin the communist label
on Dean Acheson, thus pull down
20 years of Democratic rule.
Suppose he finds only one Com-
munist in the State Department,"
said Bob Taft, who never lifted a
finger to stop Joe's witch-hunting.
Joe never did find that one Com-
munist in the State Department.
He found some in other walks of
life. But the one alleged Com-
munist in the State Department,
Val Lorwin, indicted for denying
he was a Communist, was excused
by none other than Attorney Gen-
eral Brownell with an apology
from the court.
Joe could have enjoyed fame
much longer if he had not made
the mistake of turning on the
man he helped put in the White
House. When he did that, he lost
newspaper support. The big pub-
lishers who once gave him head-
lines suddenly gave their hero no
more headlines. He was attacking
Ike, Ike's army, Ike's foreign pol-
icy. Ike and Dulles, he said, were
soft on Communism.
So Joe got the silent treatment,
and that was what really killed
The exhilarating stimulus of the
crowds, of the headlines, of the
Kleig lights ruined Joe's effective-
ness in his earlier days. The ex-
hilarating stimulus of alcohol
ruined his effectiveness in recent
These last three weeks, he had
been on a literal whisky diet He
bad been on it before and gone
to the hospital-three times in
ine months. Once he had kicked
a hospital corpsman, and had
been kept "in restraints," had
sometimes been out of his mind.
Perhaps he was haunted by the
Annie Lee Mosses, the Val Lorwins,
the John Services, and John Car-
ter Vincents. Perhaps he saw them
as he lay on his hospital bed
crying out in the night. -
They would have been justified
if they had come to haunt him. I
know something of the ridicule,
the abuse, the anonymous letters,
the scathing phone calls, the fall-
ing away of sponsors that can
come when a senator takes the
privileged floor of the United
States Senate to call you a Com-
But I for one am sorry Joe
died when he did. Toward the end
he had begun to revert to the Mc-
Carthy he was when he first came
to Washington. Toward the end he
also wrote me a letter retracting
that I was ever pro-Communist.
Toward the end, he had started to
vote once again for little business,
for the farmer, for little people.
He had begun to champion little
Israel. He was about to adopt
Most important of all, he had
begun to make peace with his
I'm afraid Joe wanted to die.
He would not have stuck to his
diet of whiskey had he wanted to
live. Had he lived, had he for-
gotten the heady wine of head-
lines, had he been content to be
just another senator, he might
have undone the harm he did and
became a senator who truly de-
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
THE SECOND CONCERTO of Johannes Brahms demands great
strength of purpose, and Gina Bachauer gave it all that and more-
clarity, sweetness, fire, bravura. She exhibited beautiful control when
required, an almost masculine insight into bachelor Brahms' score, and
a studied patience at the foibles of Thor Johnson and the tired Phila-
delphia, Sunday afternoon.
This latter organization, lacking a third of its string players (being
crowded out by the Choral Union) played competently but often boringly
through the four usually exciting
movements of the Concerto. Only
the bold, lush solo cello (Elsie Hil-
ger) and Miss Bachauer's piano
mastery stood out in the otherwise
FOR THOSE lovers of English
choral music-this writer included
-the Choral Union, aided by
Martha Lipton, contralto, and
Donald Gramm, baritone, per-
formed Vaughan Williams', "Five
Portraits." Mr. Gramm was merely
Martha Lipton sang with tipsy
humor in the first song, and with
tender compassion in the sad,
sweet, "Lament for Philip Spar-
row." Her voice was clear and
compelling as she contrasted the
mock requiem of Latin against the
English of the women's choir. This
was the best of the work.,
The chorus, in a brave reading
of a difficult score, gave an effect
of sheer tonal splendor, with all
the broad sweep of the English
choral tradition, and in spots
bounced along in high style. How-
ever, for the most part the text
was unintelligible; the men's chor-
us was often drowned out by the
orchestra, and the total effect was
at times disappointing.
I STRESS the text because usu-
ally the text determines the spirit
of the music. But when it is only
a mumbled aggregate of sound,j
then the response of the listener
is thereby limited. Of course, the
chorus' troubles were not abetted
by being almost ignored by Thor
John Krell opened the concert
with Vivaldi's "Concerto for Pic-
colo." Instead of the expected
curiosity piece, Mr. Krell ably
performed to advantage within the
limited capabilities of his minute
instrument. The piccolo ability to
sing lyric was demonstrated in
the slow Larghetto, while the
agility we usually associate with it
was evident in the glistening leaps
and runs of the first and third
movements. And for a change, we
could hear the harpsichord con-
The Daily official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3519 Administration Building, be-
fore 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
TUESDAY, MAY 7, 1957
VOL. LXVII, NO. 153
Daily Official Bulletin notices should
be brought to Room 3519, Administra-
tion Building, instead of Room 3553.
Late Permission: All women students
who attended the concert at Hill Audi-
torium on Thurs., May 2, had late per-
mission until 11:25 p.m.
Science Research Club, May meeting
in the Rackham Amphitheatre at 7:30
p.m. on Tues., May 7. Program: "Fish-
eries Management," Paul H. Esch-
meyer - U. S. Fish and Wildlife; "Ex-
periments on the Neural Basis of Pat-
tern Vision, Robert W. Doty" - Physi-
ology. Election of officers. Dues for-
1956-57 accepted after 7:10 p.m.
Attention all Seniors: Order your
caps and gowns for June graduation at
Moe's Sport Shop on North University
as soon as possible.
Correction to the Weekly Calendar:
The lecture sponsored by the Center
for Japanese Studies and the Depart-
ment of Far Eastern Languages and
Literatures will be held on Wed., May 8
instead of Tues., May 7 as announced
in the Weekly Calendar. Prof. Howard
L. Boorman, School of International
Affairs, Columbia University, will speak
on "China Under Communism and Its
Alliance with Russia" at 3:10 p.m. In
Aud. C, Angell Hall.
University Lecture, auspices of the
Department of Romance Languages. Al-
fred Ewert, Taylorian Professor of Ro-
mance Languages, University of Ox-
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
JOHN M. HIGHTOWER
By The Associated Press
UNITED STATES officials believe Saudi
UArabia will Join Egypt and Syria soon in
creating a new show of Arab unity despite their
recent political conflict over Jordan's fate.
This prospect was advanced in Washington
today as one reason why the United States
has not directly blamed Egyptian President
Nasser for his role in the Jordanian crisis.
United States policy and propaganda ap-
parently are designed to take into account the
desires and purposes of King Saud of Saudi
Arabia and King Hussein of Jordan. American
officials say they do not believe real unity
can be restored among the four but if Saud
and Hussein want to play Arab politics that
way the United States evidently will not inter-
F URTHERMORE, officials do not want to get
this country's policy in a position where the
.n . 4* if.01
two Arab rulers would cut the ground from
under it. That would happen if the kings
showed outward friendship for Nasser and
Syrian President Shukri al K~uwatly when
Washington was blaming the Arab presidents
for much of the trouble.
Officials also feel that any outright United
States attack on Nasser tends to strengthen
his internal position in Egypt. With the control
of the Suez Canal now completely in his hands,
Nasser is in position to make trouble for the
West if he wants to.
So far the United States has put the blame
for the crisis in Jordan on "international com-
munism" under the control of the Soviet Union.
Its aims in doing this seems to be to say to the
Arabs that Russia was responsible for an
effort to reduce Jordan to virtual satellite
status while the United States by supporting.
Hussein was in part responsible, along with
King Saud, in helping that, country preserve
W HAT THE American government has not
tried to explain is the manner in which
THE CULTURE BIT:
An Inquiry into Campus Culture
By DAVID NEWMAN
SO MAYBE I'd better explain
the raison d'etre for this col-
Explanation: Every incoming
freshman to this institution has
heard words to this effect, "You'll
love it at Michigan. There are so
many cultural activities."
Maybe you didn't hear it quite
that way but you heard it. It's a
big selling point. Concerts, lec-
tures, plays, publications ...
something for every taste And it
is true, although some of us don't
do much about it. This campus
practically drips with culture.
But there are problems. It's not
all beer and skittles as Homer
once said. Generally the difficulties
ing in all the students? We'll at-
tempt to look into it.
Now, for the purpose of this
column, culture has a limited
meaning. According to anthropol-
ogists, if an African tribe stones
granmothers once a year that's
part of their culture. But the cul-
ture dealt with here is of things
aesthetic (I promise never to use
that word again).
Personally, I don't care what
you do with your grandmother. To
clarify it further, by campus cul-
ture I mean activities dealing with
what are known as the Lively Arts.
Now there are some people who
held the Arb to be thi center of
the Lively Arts, but these people
nro ...-.uZ.4..-..4....... . arhrt .'. snnv
People," soon to play at the State.
In short, there is something for
everybody in Ann Arbor. Many
people, many groups, many func-
tions and many events make up
the cultural scene in Ann Arbor,
and what this column purports to
do is talk about them..
In future weeks, we will have
such things as inside looks at re-
hearsals and performers, talks
(not' interviews, but talks) with
leading lights, notes and comment
on what's coming up, little illumi-
nating bits about movies and plays
and concerts and whatever ... the
kind of gems you will treasure and
clip for your wallet if your are
out of your mind.
There are things to beware of:
I may occasionally lapse into
te insult anybody on purpose; not
to fall asleep at my typewriter.
Notice these are all negative pled-
ges-this is because Norman Vin-
cent Peale loses me completely.
There will be a sort of calendar
of coming events that might be of
some interest. There are many
worthwhile activities going on that
the majority of the campus doesn't
even know about, i.e. the oftimes
excellent student recitals. If you
have any item of interest, such
as: you are holding an Armenian
folk-sing . . . your girl friend is
going to give bongo drum lessons
.. . you are holding an open dis-
cussion on Proust ... you are kill-
ing your English professor.
mail them in to this column. If
they are for real (unlike the above