014r Mirfligalt Bally
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"Confidentially, Which Of Us Do You Think Is Ahead?"
"When Opinion, Are Free
Truth WWl Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SUNDAY, MAY 5, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: ALLAN STILLWAGON
CUniversity ecture ommittee
In the Post-McCarthy Era: Two Views
This creative spirit can flourish only in an atmosphere of freedom and high respon-
sibility. Our own times, like those of -many previous periods, are warped with tensions.
Some of little courage or faith from time to time lose their vision, their perspective or
their balance. It is the mark of a free and educated man that he preserve his poise in the
midst of confusion and his confidence in an era of crisis and doubt. The people are still
to be trusted, truth is stronger than error, and reason and knowledge are still the only sure
and effective weapons against evil and ignorance. As Jefferson wisely said ".Error of opin-
Series High Point
YESTERDAY evening's May Festival concert featured Robert Merrill,
distinguished baritone of the Metropolitan Opera and the Philadel-
phia Orchestra under Eugene Ormandy.
Thus far, this program represents the high point of the 1957 May
Festival. The orchestra performed with enthusiasm and finesse. Robert
Merrill ably demonstrated his prowess as one of America's finest artists.
The program began with the majestic Overture to Die Meister-
singer von Nurnberg. This medley of selections from the popular opera
presented the entire brass section with its first real challenge of the
current series. Their most capable performance was reminiscent of an
earlier concert by the Boston Symphony.
The orchestra continued with the Symphony No. 88 by Haydn.
John de Lancie, oboe soloist, was especially effective in the lovely, slow
movement. The minuet which followed was gracefully and carefully
ion may be tolerated where reason is left to
Unheard Voices .,.
N MARCH 6, 1957, Student Government
Council passed recommendations relative
to the Lecture Committee, asking these be
studied by the Regents and the Committee.
At present, the Committee and Vice Presi-
dent for Student Affairs James A. Lewis are
studying SGC's suggestions upon the direc-
tive of the Regents. Some time soon, the rec-
ommendations will be returned to the Regents
with substantive and administrative sugges-
We compliment SGC for its concern in this
area, although the recommendations, as sub-
mitted, contain one crippling weakness. We
wish, however, more segments of the Uni-
versity would express, or be asked to express,
their ideason outside speaker policy at the
We trust University President Harlan Hatch-
er still holds the people, and may we assume
this includes students, "are still to be trusted",
that "truth is stronger than error" and that
"reason and knowledge are still the only sure
and effective weapons against evil and ignor-
ance." We hope this position, as expressed so
well in his Inaugural Address, will be relayed
to those now studying SGC's proposals and to
the Regents. The primarily negative function
of the Lecture Committee seems inconsistent
with the environment our President would fa-
vor on this campus.
W E TRUST, also, the Faculty Senate will be
consulted to express themselves on a sub-
ject which is certainly their concern. Last week
in New York, the American Association of Uni-
versity Professors affirmed "its own belief that
it is educationally desirable that students be
confronted with diverse opinions of all kinds."
The motion went on to recommend, "Any
person, who is presented by a recognized stu-'
dent or faculty organization, should be allowed
to speak on a college or university campus."
Under this directive, the faculty on this cam-
pus should take some initiative, and others
could profitably consult them, relative to
changes in speaker policy.
Prof. John Kohl of the Senate said yester-
day his group is doing "nothing at all" con-
cerning the Lecture Committee. He commented
that neither Mr. Lewis nor the Committee
have yet asked for advice from the Senate Ad-
visory group. He said it has been common
procedure in the past to refer such matters
to the Faculty for advice. Lastly, he said the
Faculty would "be glad to discuss" changes
concerning the Lecture Committee.
T HE SGC recommendations, although direc-
tionally correct, are not in perfect form and
seem neither to be consistent with President
Hatcher's expressions on freedom of speech,
or with the stand of the American Association
of University Professors. For example, policy
recommendation No. 3 recommends the "proof
as to the educational value of the invited
speaker should rest primarily with the spon-
soring organization and it should discuss any
questionable speaker in conference with the
Lecture Committee." No progress was made
with this suggestion; SGC merely spun its
tires, maintaining the present situation.
We trust the President will take an overt
interest in an area which has interested him
in the past. We trust the Faculty Senate will
show interest, by invitation or initiative, in
an area which they should deem vital. We know
those now studying SGC's proposals will seek
counsel from all who desire to give it.
-JAMES ELSMAN, JR.
--University President Harlan Hatcher
Inaugural Address, November 27, 1951
Dissenting Voices . . .
NOT TOO many years ago, when the late Sen-
ator McCarthy was in his heyday, and when
the nation's universities and colleges were prey
to stifling investigation, the campuses of the
nation became somewhat quieter than they had
ever been. Students looked more carefully at
their impulses to express opinions and join or-
ganizations, because of questions on job appli-
cations and folders in security files.
At this and at other schools the "poise in the
midst of confusion," the "confidence in an era
of crisis and doubt," were often sadly lacking.
The voice of the students,rand the voiceswhich
the students heard, often whispered, and some-
times failed to speak at all,
But the age of whispering has outlasted the
age of McCarthy, and fear seems less the cause
than numbness-an unwillingness to be aroused
and failure to be stimulated.
AS THE American Association of University
Professors said last week, "It is educationally
desirable that students be confronted with di-
verse opinions of all kinds," and "any person
who is presented by a recognized student or
faculty organizaiton should be allowed to speak
on a college or university campus."
But one is always disturbed by the fact that,
despite all the fuss, there has been no speaker
proposed for the University campus who was
controversial enough for the rather-conserva-
tive lecture committee to even get excited, let
alone exercise its veto power. While the right
to hear is an important one, and efforts to pro-
tect it are commendable, it is disappointing
that it has been exercised so little in recent
FEAR OF Lecture Committee action may have
been one cause of unwillingness to invite
controversial speakers to the campus, but lack
of motivation and fear of stigmatizing a pre-
carious organization, may be others. And the
reluctance to question often goes far beyond
realms where the lecture committee might ob-
ject to controversy
As a result, assumptions go unquestioned and
minds go unstimulated. A religious emphasis
week is held, with little or no questioning of the
reasons for religion or the desirability of its
emphasis. A policy of tremendous growth of the
University is pursued, with the campus itself
almost devoid of open discussion and question-
ing of educational aims and methods. Over a
million dollars is spent on a student activities
building, while the expanding role of extra-cur-
ricular activity goes unquestioned. The physical
and social sciences leap ahead in their explora-
tion of our world, while little is said about the
kind of world their advances will create. The
evils of anti-democratic end anti-capitalistic
forces are assumed in almost every political dis-
cussion, while few of the participants have
heard or even seen an advocate of anything but
capitalism and democracy.
Political theorists assume the existence of
natural law, psychologists ignore the possibili-
ty of extra-sensory perception, scientists every-
where assume that all phenomena are caused,
and little is heard outside the classroom to
question the assumptions made in it. The dis-
senting voice on the campus is rarely heard.
SGC, after laboring so long in the area of
liberalizing restrictions, might now attempt to
use some of its large financial resources and its
unique ability to present discussion from a neu-
tral position, without endorsement, to provide
a forum on which the seldom-heard, the chal-
lenging, the dissenting voice might.return to the
t 1 ^
executed. Mr. Ormandy's realiza-
tion of this-score was most artistic.
ROBERT MERRILL began with
an Aria from L'Africaine and con-
tinued with the "Farewell and
Death of Roderigo," from Don
Carlo. Mr. Merrill's voice leaves
little to be desired. It is one of
great depth and richness.
The Adagio for Strings by Sam-
uel Barber was performed with
sincerity and intensity.
Mr. Merrill then sang "Den vieni
alla finestra," from Don Giovanni,
"Nemico della patria" from An-
drea Chenier and the well known
"Eri tu" from Un Ballo in Mas-
chera. Throughout all these selec-
tions the orchestra and soloist
maintained a satisfactory balance.
The orchestra concluded the
program with Russian Easter
Overture' by Rimsky-Korsakov.
This richly orchestrated composi-
tion presented many solo oppor-
tunities to members of the orcp-
* * *
OF SPECIAL merit were the
performances of Jacob Krachmal-
nick, concertmaster, W. M. Kin-
caid, flutist, and Henry Smith,
The, soloist's showmanship is in
the best tradition of an artist of
his stature. Through his facial ex-
pressions and motions he won the
acclaim of the audience. It can
certainly be said that Robert Mer-
rill held the audience in the palm
of his hand.
6)195 -n( g rS o ~c.# O .
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Would Found New Grade School
Walrus' Enthralls Us
In Third Concert
THREE HUNDRED children all very intently sang "The sun was
shining on the sea, shining with all his might , . ." and gave a
packed house a pleasant surprise in the third concert of the May Festi-
val yesterday afternoon.
Obviously well trained, these 12-year-old and younger musicians
comprising the Festival Youth Chorus responded in perfect unison to
Geneva Nelson's able conducting in a gratifying performance of Fletch-
McCarthy . .
To the Editor:
R ICHARD HALLORAN'S editor-
ial on the day after Senator
McCarthy's death seems to have
aroused righteous indignation from
some readers and empty hypocriti-
cal mouthings from others. In
this particular case I find it hard
to distinguish between indigna-
tion and hypocrisy.
Just how long must a man be
dead before it is "decent" and
"proper" to. criticize him? Hitler,
Stalin, and numerous other histor-
ical figures werealso our "fellow-
human beings" and they too are
dead. Yet journalists and histor-
ians feel no need to be charitable
to them to the extent of writing
only polite half-truths about them.
Is this because they have been in
their graves a longer time? Is there
a "decent interval" for silence con-
cerning political figures, as there
is for widows who wish to re-
To some readers, Mr. Halloran's
editorial seemed quite objective
and to the point. I doubt that his-
tory books a century from now will
be able to improve much on the
ideas or wording of it.
To The Editor:
WISH TO JOIN with other in-
terested parents in starting a
school for my children, for ages
six to fourteen years of age. My
aims are these:
To preserve and nourish the in-
dividual uniqueness of each child.
To preserve and nourish creati-
vity and spontaneity in the child.
To develop self-discipline.
To develop individual and group
responsibility through joint enter-
prise in real life situations.
To develop the basic skills.
To develop an understanding of
all aspects of life and the world,
spiritual and emotional as well as
intellectual and physical, so that
they learn to live by both heart and
To provide a structural group in
which the individual has a signifi-
cant role and proceeds at his own
To grow as parents and teachers
in greater wisdom and perception
of children's needs and natures.
These aims can only be achieved,
I feel, by:
Complete respect for individual
Deep value for sheer personal be-
ing - completely independent of
Creative, artistic activity in all
phases of learning rather than
just memorization without living
Careful, sensitive guidance of ac-
tivities that are vital and interest-
ing to the child.
A keen sensitivity to each child's
individual needs and pattern of
growth and learning-not forcing
him to submit to an arbitrary pro-
gram just because it fits the "aver-
Recognition in both curriculum
and attitude that human life is
spiritual and emotional as well as
intellectual and material.
To the Editor:
IWOULD LIKE to take issue with
Mr. Weicher's editorial, ("Reu-
ther Lays Smokescreen in Lecture
Here Tuesday"), in which the au-
thor claims that Mr. Reuther is
trying to hide "shady dealings" in
connection with the Kohler boy-
cott where Reuther has "attempted
to literally break a company."
May I graciously point out some
of the facts which Mr. Weicher
failed to mention. It is true, as the
editorial claims, that the UAW is
trying to break the Kohler Com-
pany. However, it is also true that
the Kohler Company was trying
to break unions long before the
UAW launched its boycott cam-
paign. In a 1934 strike by Kohler
workers, the company's "service-
men" fired into a picket line kill-
ing two men and wounding several
men, women and children. The
strike was broken.
On May 2, 1955, Lyman Conger,
Chairman of the Kohler Co. Man-
agement Committee, said, "Frank-
ly we would not grieve to see Local
833 broken in this struggle." When
the present strike started, Kohler
hired strikebreakers and reopened
the plant. Local 833 was denied the
most precious right of labor in a
democracy-the right to close down
a plant during a strike. Faced with
this situation, the union had no
choice save to bring pressure upon
,the Kohler Co. through a boycott.
Mr. Reuther has never tried to
hide the actions of the UAW in
this case. When the Senator from
Wisconsin brought charges against
Reuther a few weeks ago, Mr. Reu-
ther demanded a bill of particulars
and also requested an opportunity
to defend the good name of his un-
ion before the Senate Committee.
Mr. Reuther has nothing to hide.
He has led an honest, open, and
forthright boycott c a m p ai g n
against the Kohler Company.
-Joe Sanger, '58
New Burden .,.
To the Editor:
A TR having struggled long
enough to scrape up the neces-
sary funds to attend the Univer-
sity, we find innumerable addi-
tional burdens being piled upon
our already overloaded backs, but
none as unfair to the lower income
bracket as this latest blow - the
sale of late pers.
The kissing ban was bad enough,
but when one has to start paying
for girls by the hour after 12:30,
this is going too far. We hope that
this does not set a precedent for
the future, thereby eventually lim-
iting after-hours activity to the
At this rate, we also fear that
before long the scalpers in front
of the Union will be selling black
market late pers. We feel sure
that the Bureau of Internal Reve-
nue would not allow us to write off
this additional expense to the high
cost of living.
-Ralph Stone, '59
-Gene Sauti, '59
er's "The Walrus and the Car-
The Chorus,,whose members are
selected from schools all over
Michigan, sang always with a
whispered-like smoothness that
even outdid the accompanying
violins of the Philadelphia Orches-
FLETCHER'S WORK, described
as a cantata for children, is full
of delightful romantic melodies,
one of which suggests the famous
tenor-baritone duet from Act IV
of Puccini's "La Boheme."
The work is a highly picturesque
setting of Carroll's nonsense poem,
with fairly stiff musical require-
ments inmposed on the chorus.
One could see from the expres-
sions of these youthful performers
that they were doing their best
to bring out every nuance in the
music. And they did.
No less heartening were three
violin works played by Joseph
Szigeti and the Philadelphia Orch-
estra under assistant conductor
William R. Smith. In the Tartini
"Concerto in D Minor" Mr. Szi-
geti stressed the melodic and the
lyric. The concerto contains devil-
ish gymnastics, which, however,
seemed to pose no problem for Mr.
Szigeti. His bowing was clean, his
IN THE SECOND movement he
drew from his violin that pro-
longed, full tone characteristic of
Italian baroque literature. The
first and third movement cadenzas
were so difficult that they would
have frightened away all but the
Mit. Szigeti faced similar techni-
cal intricacies in Corelli's "La
Folia," 23 variations for violin
and orchestra. The variation for
unaccompanied violin - really an
elongated cadenza - proved the
most outstanding violin playing of
the afternoon. This variation re-
quires the soloist to prolong a
pedal tone over which he plays the
theme, decorated with some trills.
Mr. Szigeti handled it masterfully.
Bartok's "Portrait No. 1, Opus
No. 5," a rarely heard work, has
been on Mr. Szigeti's reportoire for
at least 20 years. His interpreta-
tion must be by this time well
nigh definitiver-so it sounded.
.* * *
THE WORK OPENS with a solo
violin theme in thirds, which is
carried through the first and sec-
ond violins, woodwinds, and thence
to the full orchestra. Mr. Szigeti
played it lyrically, romantically.
Opening the concert, the orch-
estra played Rossini's overture to
"La Scala di Seta." The interpre-
tation was energetic and straight-
Not so with Mendelssohn's "Ital-
ian" Symphony No. 4, which closed
the program. Conductor Smith
laboredwith the fast moving coun-
terpoint of the first movement, and
the tempo gradually bogged down.
It was a slow ending to a pleas-
antly surprising concert.
-Arthur S. Bechhoefer
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan forwhich the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3519 Administration BuildIing, be-
fore 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices forpSunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SUNDAY, MAY 5, 1957
VOL. LXVII, NO. 152
Daily Official Bulletin notices should
be brought to Room 3519, Administra-
tion Building, instead of Room 3553.
Undergraduate Honors Convocation.
The annual Convocation recognizing
undergraduate honor students will be
held at 11 a.m. Fri., May 10, in Hill
Auditorium. Dr. Robert F. Goheen,
President-elect of Princeton University,
will speak on "The Not So Serene,
Temples of Learning."
Honor students will be excused from
attending their 10:00 classes. All classes,
with the exception of clinics and grad-
uate seminars, will be dismissed at 10:45
for the Convocation. However, seniors
may be excused from clinics and semi-
Academic costume will be worn by
faculty members, who will robe back-
stage and proceed to their seats on the
stage. Honor students will not wear
caps and gowns, Main floor seats will
be reserved for them and for members
of their families, and will be held until
10:45. Doors of the Auditorium will open
at 10:30. The public is invited.
Counter Sale of Drama Season Tickets
opens Monday, 10 a.m. in the Mendels-
sohn Theatre box office. Opening May
13, the Season offers five plays in five
weeks, Mon. through Sat, evenings with
matinees Thurs. and Sat. Tickets for
inudividuals hnws ,n nsa lM av 10.
TALKING ON TELEVISION:
NBC's New Tonight' Show- Why is it Existing?
Campus Chest Drive
W ITH THE opening of Campus Chest drive
tomorrow, the University community joins
many others in utilizing a single, give-once-
for-all, annual charity collection.
As with similar drives in other communities,
opportunities for contributing to Campus Chest
fund will be numerous throughout the week.,
RICHARD SNYDER, Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN A LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
An auction, bucket collections, and person-
to-person solicitations for the next six days
will give everyone the chance to help reach
the dollar-a-student goal of the drive-$22,000.
Should this initial drive be successful, it
should end forever the obnoxious monthly
"bucket drives" and "tag days" that have been
annoying sights on the campus for a number
of years, up to last fall.
But this in itself is just a convenience; it is
not rationale for contributing to Campus Chest
itself. Rather, the participating charities in
Campus Chest must be remembered for the
work they do and the results they achieve.
FREE UNIVERSITY of Berlin, World Uni-
versity Service and the Fresh Air Camp
By LARRY EINHORN
Daily Television Writer
IT'S BEEN a few months now
since NBC decided to create
a new type of midnight viewing
for the American public to digest.
When the new "Tonight" went
on the air last March NBC told
us that there would be remote
pick-ups from night clubs and
we would see the top stars of good
old show biz in their dressing
rooms, on the night club floors,
So for the first few weeks they
gave us just that. We saw some
of the top stars from some of the
top night clubs in America. Then
the top night club proprietors
must have realized that they
weren't getting any free publi-
city from the remotes and so they
cancelled out on the deal.
* * *
back to the new "Tonight" show.
One can get sick of looking at
Jolly Jack with that grin on his
face for an hour and a half ev-
ery night at a time when one is
just getting ready to retire for the
I would like to nominate Jolly
Jack for the John Foster Dulles
award for outstanding diplomacy
in the television industry. Even
Ed Sullivan only refers to his
guests as being "really big" or
"one of the greatest." But Jolly
Jack has called every one of his
in-studio guests "the greatest" or
When he gets an author up to
the cameras, he has just finished
reading this author's latest book,
and it is the "best he has ever
read." Every singer or singing
group has the "most exciting voice"
or voices that he has ever heard.
After listening to him say this
about everyone for a few months.
the country" do not command
exceptionally big salaries.
But there is a tremendous cost
involved in setting up these re-
mote pick-ups. Each remote ne-
cessitates a complete crew to ori-
ginate a television show in a night
club or pool room or wherever they
are going that particular night.
"Person to Person" and "Wide
Wide World" are involved in the
same type of operation and thus
run into the same expenses. But
both are sponsored and the spon-
sors pay the costs. "Person To
Person" has a high rating, so their
sponsor doesn't mind the high
costs. "Wide Wide World" is spon-
sored by you-know-who, which al-
so doesn't seem to mind the cost.
But "Tonight" is just about as
sustaining as a program can be.
They have tried to sell national
advertising and have all but failed.
In fact, NBC offered a three for
two deal, where a sponsor got
Steve Allen was heading up the
show. I am not sorry that NBC
isn't making more money from the
show now, because we all like to
see fewer commercials, but I am
wondering why NBC will con-
tinue to put on a show which has
no public response and is costing
them so much money with so lit-'
tle return. And this is the same
NBC that took off "Ding Dong
School" and other programs be-
cause they- could not be sold,
though the public response to
these shows was so great.
There is, however, one good
feature of the "Tonight" show
which has emerged since the show
went on the air. That is the night-
ly segment in which Bob Consi-
dine gives .his commentary on the
"shape of the world tonight."
* * *
HIS STYLE of presenting the
news deserves more than just a
segment on a show which is com-
nlo als ril, ren- - . ncron