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May 05, 1957 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1957-05-05

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See Page 4

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Latest Deadline in the State




JohnsHon Hits
Budget Size
Democrat FaVors
Appropriations Slice
don B. Johnson (D-Tex) has
launched a sharpshooting attack
on President Dwight D. Eisenhow-
er's budget that promises to make
governmental economy a major
issue in next year's election cam-
paign for control of Congress.
Sen. Johnson, the Senate Dem-
ocratic leader, is frankly out to
slice President Eisenhower's mon-
d ey requests on a selective basis.
If the cuts he helps engineer fall
heaviest on executive departments
-and not on flood control dams
and power projects - none of his
colleagues will be greatly sur-
Predicted Cuts
Unlike his opposite number,
Sen. William F. Knowland (R-
Calif), Sen. Johnson is making no
predictions on how much Con-
gress will be able to cut in Presi-
dent Eisenhower's proposed $71,-
800,000,000 spending program.
,Sen. Knowland has called for a
three-billion-dollar slice in actual
To reach such a goal, Congress
would have to cut about five bil-
lion dollars off the more than 73
billion dollars in new money Pres-
ident Eisenhower seeks.
Some of these appropriations
are proposed for the future and
won't actually be spent in the fis-
cal year beginning July 1.
t Authority Backlog
President Eisenhower has a
backlog of spending authority
granted by previous Congresses
and the current session's control
of actual spending thus is lim-
Indications are that Sen. John-
son has in mind no such definite
figure as that picked by Sen.
It is not part of the Democratic
leadership's strategy to 'enforce
economy at the expense of hous-
ing, health services, farm benefits
and power projects.
Control Helped
These are issues which the
Democrats generally agree helped
them keep control of both Houses
of Congress last year while Presi-
dent Eisenhower was sweeping to
a landslide victory.
Besides the Democrats who will
go along with him, Sen. Johnson
will have some solid support from
Republicans who express shock
over the size of President Eisen-
hower's spending program.
His remarks were relayed to re-
porters by the Democratic Nation-
al Committee publicity chief, Sam
World News
By The Associated Press
BERLIN - Communist East
Germany clamped down yesterday
on its restive youth by drafting
prospective university students for
labor service on state-run farms
and factories.
At the same time the Commu-
nist newspaper Ostsee-Zeitung
complained of "rotten liberalism"
among high school students,
apathy about serving in the armed

forces and declared: "People hos-
tile to socialism should not be
tolerated in our high schools."
Morse (D-Ore) called on Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower's ad-
ministration yesterday to halt nu-
clear explosions immediately and
challenge Russia "to do the same."
"Such an announcement," he
said, would "give new impetus to
disarmament" negotiations and
"could well mean the tests would
be stopped, entirely by everyoine."
It would, Sen. Morse continued,
"put the Soviet Union iR the po-
sition of having to decide whether
to continue the tests alone, in the
face of world-wide religious and
scientific objections and in the
face of world-wide public opin-
SALEM, Ohio - House Speak-
er Sam Rayburn (D-Tex) yester-
day promised a reduction by the
national budget proposed by Pres-
ident Dwight D. Eisenhower and a

Auction To Launch Appeal


<-i, 1

ACampus Chest will open its
week-long fund raising drive with
an auction at 4 p.m. tomorrow on
the diagonal.
Tuesday evening, students liv-
ing off campus within a radius of
six blocks will be contacted for
contributions. On Thursday and
Friday the Chest will conduct a
bucket drive.
Throughout the week students
living in fraternities and sorori-
ties will be solicited by members
of their own houses for donations.
Three Participating
Receipts of the drive will be
used to support three charities,
World University Service, Univer-
sity Fresh Air Camp, and the
Free University of Berlin Fund.
Aproximately one. fifth of the
money collected will be placed in
a reserve fund for emergency use
or donation later to a national
Women's 1:30 a.m. permissions
for May 18 will be sold in connec-
tion with the auction for one dol-
lar from 3:30 to 5:30 p.m. tomor-
row only on the diagonal.
In addition to the campus park-
ing permit, gift certificates, din-
ner for two with University Presi-
dent and Mrs. Harlan Hatcher
and tickets for the Ohio State
and Michigan State football

-Daily-David Arnold
HELPING HAND-Union-Class of 1956 Fountain may be used
to collect funds for this week's Campus Chest drive.

games on the 50 yard line, various
sororities will work for winning
Items on Auction
New items to 'be auctioned in-
clude a "surprise package," a
large gift-wrapped box contain-
ing an unknown prize. Collegiate
Sorosis sorority will sing for the
winning group of men as an after
dinner treat.
The Psurfs, a law school quartet,
will serenade the highest bidder.
India Wants
To Borrow
From U.S.
NEW DELHI (P) - India's Fi-
nance minister said yesterday his
country needs about a billion dol-
lars in foreign aid to complete its
second five-year plan.
He would like to borrow as much
of this as possible from the United
India will fall short "about a
billion dollars to complete the
plan comfortably on the basis of
present imports, exports, loans
and credits," Finance Minister
Tattie T. Krishnamachari said in
an interview.
"If we cannot obtain this from
the U.S. government we will try
to borrow smaller sums through
commercial loan markets in the
United States and elsewhere."
He said India has not yet for-
mally applied for a new loan from
the United States.
Asked if he planned to raise
part of the 'money from Russia,
the Finance Minister replied:
"Russia has offered us a loan
of 100 million dollars for some
projects which are not yet under
The bespectacled 57-year-old
former big business man said the
gap of a billion dollars in the
second five-year plan which be-
gan April 1, 1956, takes into ac-
count credits from various nations
for construction of plants in In-

In addition to the auction, the
special events committee of Cam-
pus Chest, headed by Brenda
Ackerman, '58, has made plans to
turn the fountain next to the Un-
ion into the Campus Chest Wish-
ing Well.
This plan, however, is subject
to the approval of the Union di-
rector who must give permission
for committee members to clean
the coins out of the pool each
night, Miss Ackerman explained.
aoliciting Granted
Residence Halls Board of Gov-
ernors has granted Campus Chest
permission to solicit in Univer-
sity residence halls, if the indi-
vidual house councils approve the
Van Tyne House was the only
group to permit door-to-door soli-
citations in South Quad.
South Quad council passed a
motion to permit the chest to so-
licit one night in meal lines. No
definite date for this has been
established, acco'ding to John
Mayne, '58BAd., council president.
In East Quad, Greene and
Prescott Houses will permit door-
to-door solicitations, while Tyler
House council members will tle
contributions for the drive in their
own group.
Hayden and Hinsdale Houses
will decide whether to permit
door-to-door solicitations at their
house council meetings tomorrow,
while Cooley, Strauss, and Ander-
son Houses have refused to per-
mit door-to-door collections.
! r[7 AnrnrTI

Fresh Air Camp, a division of the
Institute for Human Adjustment,
provides a summer camping ex-
perience for about 250 boys with
behavior problems or broken
World University Service aids
students and professors through-
out the world in such areas as
housing and health. It- alsp pro-
vides educational supplies to uni-
versities in need and aids refugee
students with food, clothing and
To0 Rehearse
Mock Attack
In New York
Screaming sirens today will send
1,500 persons 28 miles in a mass
evacuation to escape a mock H-
bomb attack.
This country's future planning
for survival against the H-bomb
may hinge on the success of the
test, the nation's first of such
More than 500 private automo-
biles, and buses, trucks and a
train will transport men, women
and children from a section of this
highly industrialized city to De-
posit, a village to the East.

Soviet Faces
Fear of U.S.
Bomb Raid
States probably could hit Russia
swiftly with more than two bil-
lion tons of nuclear explosive
force if the Soviets attempted an
attack on Western European na-
tions before those countries build
up their own atomic defenses.
Russia must reckon with this
probability in pursuing what the
North Atlantic Council describes
as a campaign "to insure for So-
viet forces a monopoly of nuclear
weapons on the European conti-
'Risk' Warnings
Moscow, through its propagan-
da medium, has been bombarding
Atlantic Alliance nations with
warnings about dire risks they run
if they harbor atomic weapon
sites in their territory.
Foreign ministers of the North
Atlantic Council, in sessions at
Bonn, Germ'any, Friday asserted
"it is the availability of the most
modern weapons of defense which
will discourage attempts". to
launch attack on the Alliance.
Weapons Available
These weapons are available
now in the nuclear firepower of
the United States Air Force, Navy
and Army.
Precise figures used by Ameri-
can military officials in their es-
timate of United States capability
are, of course, secret.
But these guidelines may be as-
sumed: a
Measurement of effective 'nu-
clear power is now defined in
terms of delivery of hydrogen and
fission explosive.
The stockpile and production
capability for bombs is substan-
tally greater than the means of
delivery by aircraft, missiles or
atomic-firing guns.
Aircraft Capable
At this time the Air Force pro-
bably has about 1,800 aircraft ca-
pable of handling H-bombs or A-
bombs, plus several hundred air-
craft of the Navy.
On this basis is predicated the
assumption that something over
two billion tons of nuclear force
could be delivered by USAF
planes and missiles, such as the
Matador, and by the planes and
ether weapons of the other serv-
All of the bombs and missiles
would not be thermonuclear-hy-
drogen-nor would the strikes be
aimed at obliteration of a nation.
West Foresees
German Unity
BONN, Germany (P) - Western
planners are banking on Russia's
own common sense to bring about
eventual reunification of Ger-
many and liberation of the satel-
lite empire of Eastern Europe.
This emerged yesterday in the
wake of North Atlantic Treaty
Council sessions..
The 15 Allied nations are rea-
sonably convinced the prospects
of atomic devastation are so ter-
rifying to Moscow - as well as to
the West - that the Kremlin will
refrain from trying to do things
the hard way.

Truman, Stevenson Say
dministratiOn Failing
Wih 'Present Budge,-,t'

Mezzo-soprano Rise Stevens and
pianist Gina Bachauer will appear
in the two final May Festival con-
certs today at Hill Auditorium.
Miss Bachauer will appear with
the Philadelphia Orchestra, Thor
Johnson conducting, at 2:30 p.m.,
and will play "Concerto No. 2 in
B-flat major," Op. 83, by Brahms.
Other soloists for this after-
noon's performance include Mar-'
tha Lipton, Metropolitan Opera
contralto, Donald Gramm, Metro-
politan Opera bass-baritone, and5
John Krell, piccolo.
Pianist from Greece
Born near Athens, Greece, Miss
Bachauer studied law at the Uni-
versity of Athens before she decid-
ed to make music her full time
Virtually unknown in the United
States before 1950, she appeared
at New York's Town Hall and re-
ceived American recognition when
presented by Dimitri Mitropoulos
with the New York Philharmonic
Krell will open the afternoon
performance with Vivaldi's Con-
certo in A minor for Piccolo and}
Following Krell will be "Five
Tudor Portraits," a choral suite{
in five movements for contralto, <
baritone, and, orchestra, by R.
Vaughan Williams.4
Lipton To Solot
Soloists will be Miss Lipton and
Donald Gramm, supported by the
University Choral Union, a group
of more than 300 singers directed
by Prof. Lester McCoy of music,
Miss Stevens, often called "First r
Lady of the ."Opera," will perform
in the last May Festival concertj
with Eugene Ormandy and ther
Philadelphia. Orchestra at 8:30
p.m. today.
The orchestra-will open the con-
cert with Overture, "Academic
Festival," by Brahms, and "Sym-
phony No.. 3 in One Movement,"
by Harris.
Covers Wide Range
Miss Stevens' first solo of the
performance will be "Lieder eines
fahrenden Gesellen," by Mahler.
She will also sing "Amour, viens
aider," from "Samson et Dalila,"
by Saint-Saens.
Miss Stevens is the first Metro-9
politan singer able to cover aP
voice range for three repertoires.o
She is able to sing mezzo-sopranoc
and soprano, as well as contralto
Born in New York, she began her e
career at 10 years of age on au
children's program. Later in her
teens, she sang with the Operac
Comique in New York.&

... In final concert

Stevens To Conclude
May Festival Series

Warn Party
To 'Go Slow'
With Budget
Speak at Dinner
To Raise Money
For Democrats
WASHINGTON (>) - Former
President Harry S. Truman ac-
cused President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower yesterday of "failure of
executive leadership" and playing
"political bunk" with the budget.
Adlai E. Stevenson, twice unsuc-
cessful presidential candidate, told
fellow Democrats America has
failed in foreign policy, peril is its
price, and nothing shows "more
copiously the feebleness of the
Eisenhower administration than
the budget mess."
Both Truman and Stevenson
waved a go-slow flag at Demo-
crats bent on cutting the budget,
Benefit Held
The former president and the
man who tried twice spoke at a
Democratic money raising dinner
designed to help fill up the more
than empty party till.
Some 2,20, by party count,
showed up for the $100-a-plate
Truman said he doesn't have the
facts and isn't sure President
Eisenhower's biggest-in-peacetime
budget of $71,800,000,00 is too big.
Economy Spending
Certainly, he said, the national
economy can stand spending on
that scale and "I want us to spend
enough to do the vital jobs that
have to be, done."
Stevenson came through in his
prepared address with an admoni-
tion that if the Democratic party
"now tries to out-Republican the
Republicans on the issue of bud-
get-cutting, it is going to be hard
to take us seriously again as the
party of the people."
Gov. G. Mennen Williams
sounded a similar note.
President To Appeal
"I see, by the way," Stevenson
quipped, "that next week the
president is going to appeal to the
country, but it is not clear whether
he is going to appeal for or against
his budget.
"And it is not clear who he is
going to appeal to-whether it is
to his cabinet, to his leaders in
Congress or his friends in the
Chamber of Commerce....
"But it is not the grotesque con-
tradictions of one another and of
each other that interests me about
the current Republican agony.
"Rather it is the easy, careless
indifference with which the presi-
dent and his cabinet seem to be
prepared to abandon their own
budget, and thereby the principle
of executive responsibility for the
Planes Strafe
'Border Towr
In Nicaragua
By The Associated Press
Nicaragua's government said
late yesterday Honduran planes
were strafing the villages of Mo-
See background story on the
Honduras-Nicaragua dispute,
page 8.
coran and Laymon on the disputed
Honduras-Nicaragua border.
A government communique de-
clared that Nicaragua's armed

forces "will defend its frontiers
and its territory, replying to force
with force, and making use of all
the arms under their command."
A possible solution to the border
dispute between Nicaragua and
Honduras that apparently threat-
ened to erupt into a full-scale
war could rest in eight sheets of
paper, each 125 years old, owned

...pianist from Greece

oA sEvacuees' Shelter
In West Quad, only Lloyd and There the evacuees will take
Chicago houses have approved shelter in the cellars of homes of
door-to-door solicitations.
All women's dormitories will residents and get a hot meal at
either allow door-to-door solici- ing stions.
tations or designate a member of Civil defense leaders from across
the house to collect for the chest. the nation moved into the area,
One of the charities to benefit near the Pennsylvania state line,
from the drive, the University to watch the show.
The exercise, labelel "Evac 12,"
is being staged by New York's
Reveal B ook Civil Defense Commission,
The evacuees, all volunteers, re-
side in the city's 12th Ward.
Many are crippled or otherwise
disabled. Others are diabetics, who
WASHINGTON A')-F r i e n d s will needispecially prepared food
and associates of Sen. Joseph R. and medicine.
McCarthy (R-Wis) disclosed yes- Train's Capacity
terday he was completing work on The train will carry about 110
a book dealing with congressional persons, including 30 adults on
investigations when stricken with litters. The others will be children
a fatal lilness. "separated" from their families
Sen. McCarthy, who died Thurs- and adults with physical handi-
day, also had collected a vast caps.
amount of material for another The first alert will come at 12:15
book, they said, which was to have p.m. The test is expected to take
dealt with "communism and sub- about four hours or until the evac-
version of policy." uees are returned to their homes
Sen. Karl Mundt (R-SD), a long or to "rehabilitation" ,centers in,
time friend, and Ray Kiermas, Binghamton.
Sen. McCarthy's administrative Fifteen minutes after the warn-
assistant, said the senator's book ning, a first convoy of 220 cars
on congressional investigations is will set out on State Route 17 for
planned for early publication, the 28-mile trip to Deposit.

Adoption of Amendment
May Kill Civil Rights Bill
WASHINGTON (P)--Senate Republican Leader William F. Know-
land said yesterday adoption of a "right to work" amendment would
"clearly kill" the administration's civil rights bill.
The Californian also told newsmen that if the bill is not reported
out of the State Judiciary Committee by the latter part of May, steps
may have to be taken to bypass the committee.
Measure Bottled in Committee
The measure, a key part of President Dwight D. Eisenhower's
legislative program, has been bottled up in the Judiciary Committee
by Southern opponents since its
approval by a subcommittee last
March 19.
At the committee's meeting last
S G ra tsMonday, Sen. John McClellan
troversy over the bill by offering
a right to work amendment to bar
labor agreements requiring em-
ployers to be union members.
Several states have passed right
to work laws, but such legislation
is opposed by leaders of organized
labor as vigorously as most South-
ern senators oppose the adminis-


New Hearings
On Corruption
Confront Beck
WASHINGTON (I)-The belea-
guered Teamsters Union and its
President Dave Beck face a series
of new. showdowns next week on
orruption charges.
Beck and other union officers
ontinued to be defiant and avoid-
d any commitment- that a clean-
up is needed or will be undertaken.
Teamsters Executive Board, in-
luding Beck and several other in-
dicted leaders, plans a strategy
meeting this afternoon on AFL-
CIO ouster .proceedings and hear-
ngs before the Senate Rackets
The union's entire executive
board, including Beck, is due to
go before the AFL-CIO ethical
practices committee tomorrow to
ace charges that the Teamsters'
are substantially dominated by
orrupt influences.
Beck is to appear again before
he Senate Committee Wednesday
o answer what Chairman John
McClellan (D-Ark) has said is new
vidence of alleged misuse of
Teamster funds.
Already the committee has
harged that Beck took at least
$320,000 of the union's funds.
He refused in hearings before
he committee a monthkago to
answer the charge, invoking the
Fifth Amendment against possible
self-incrimination. Beck has told
newsmen he repaid the money.
SGC Appoints
Vine to Group
Student Government Council
has approved appointments to its

Freedman, Huntley Receive Fulbrigi

Prof. Ronald Freedman of the sociology department and Prof.
Frank L. Huntley of the English department have received Fulbright
grants for the academic year 1957-58.
Prof. Huntley plans to lecture at Okayama University, Japan, on.
English and American literature. While there, he intends to do
research on history of Japanese scholarship in English literature.
Prof. Freedman will lecture in Amsterdam, Holland, at the

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