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April 24, 1957 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1957-04-24

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OUTSIDE' PRESSURES
AND SBX EXPANSION
See Page 4

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Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LXVII, No. 144 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 24, 1957
U N

SIX PAGES

'. Pulles Hands
Suez Issue
Back to UN

WASHINGTON (P)-Secretar
of State John Foster Dulles dis
dlosed yesterday the United State
will center world attention on th
Suez question once again by layin
it before the United Nations Secur
ity Council, possibly tomorrow o
Thursday.
Dulles thus signaled the eni
of quiet United States efforts dur
ing the past month to win Egyp
tian acceptance of the United Na
tions formula for running th
waterway.
"Now that the canal is generall:
open for traffic, it seems to us tha
there should be more general pub
lie knowledge," Dulles told h i
news conference.
"I does seem to us appropriat
that there should be an early re
port made to the Security Counci
and perhaps through the Securit
Council to the world."
Dulles added, the United State
has "no objection" to Unite
States ships entering the canal-
provided they pay tolls under pro
test.
At the United Nations th
United States delegation was con
ferring with friendly members o:
the 11-nation Security Council o
when to call a Council meeting
Diplomatic sources said this wa
considered a "propitious" time fo
a United States report on its nego-
tiations with Egypt.
Dulles emphasized that th
United States would request n
United Nations action, but simply
file a report.
He indicated he expects Egypi
to make a final answer soon to the
efforts of United States negotiators
to win changes in the Egyptian
plan for running the canal. But he
declined to be drawn out on what
he thinks Pgypt's response will be
The United States wants the
Egyptian plan for canal operations
to be of a more binding character
to'insure that $he canal will not
become embroiled in the troubled
politics of the Middle East. This is
a major aim of the set of princi-
ples which were drafted in the
United Nations during last year's
efforts to win a Suez agreement.
In calling on American shipping
to pay tolls under protest, Dulles
said this would be protection
against possible claims by the com-
pany which used to run the canal
before the Egyptian government
seized it last July 26.
Dulles Lifts
Red China Ban
On Newsmen,
WASHINGTON (P) - Secretary
of State Johh Foster Dulles made
a qualified offer yesterday to al-
low "a strictly limited number" of
responsible newsmen to visit Red
China in order to give the Ameri-
can people first-hand information
on conditions there.
He laid down this policy at a
news conference but attached
these conditions:
1. Any such "one-shot experi-
ment" must not be permitted to
weaken the government ban on
travel by other Americans to the
Red-held mainland.
2. Prior approval by "leading
figures in the newspaper world"
is necessary before the State De-
partment acts.
Dulles In answer to a barrage
of questions also implied a possi-
ble third condition - such visits
by American reporters must not
be tied to visits to the United
Statenby Chinese Communist
newsmen.
The Secretary talked about the
long-standing ban after a reporter
noted The Associated Press board
of directors called anew Monday

for the right to send qualified
newsmen to report on conditions
in Red China.
He reported he has already
suggested 'a plan which news ex-
ecutives have rejected - "al-
though they made that suggestion
themselves originally."
Dulles reported this plan would
have involved giving passports to
a limited number of reporters.
Technic SelIs

Critic Analyzes,
Youthody
Cowley Looks at Three Generations;
Youth Now 'Sits, Listens, Squirms'
By DAVID TARR
Six words were used by Malcolm Cowley last night to analyze
today's generation of youth: prosperity, proximity, calamity, secur-
ity, secrecy and McCarthy,
The noted critic took a reflective look at three generations - the
1920's, the 1930's and today - describing the latter as "not strictly a
silent, but a listening generation."
In the 1920's, he explained in comparing that era to the present,
people danced to jazz, but now "youth just sits and listens and
squirms."
The jovial, white-haired, Author in Residence at the Univer-
sity this year, claimed "security" has become the key word of the
times.
Security Dominates
"Security dominates the selection of careers today. It sends
people into big corporations and keeps them out of government be-
tcause government are no longer

-Daily-Charles Curtiss
MALCOLM COWLEY
Analyzes Youth
Mundt Gets
'Disturbing'
Union News
WASHINGTON WP) - Sen. Carl
Mundt (R-SD) said yesterday he
and two Republican colleagues on
the Senate Rackets Investigating
Committee have received a "dis-
turbing" report about some labor
practices in the Detroit area.
But Mundt denied in a state-
ment a report by columnist Drew
Pearson that Mundt and Sens.
Charles N. Ives (R-NY) and B. M.
Goldwater (R-Ariz) are "trying to
cook up an investigation they hope
will embarrass" Sen. Patrick V.
McNamara (D-Mich). McNamara
is a member of the committee and
a former president of Detroit Pipe
Fitters Union Local 636.
Ives also issued a statement
calling Pearson's column "inaccur-
ate and misleading." Ives said he,
Mundt and Goldwater did meet in
his office recently with a person
who voiced "certain charges"
about the situation in Michigan.
"But by no means did I or any-
one else present connected with
the United States Senate suggest
any investigation which might em-
barrass any member of the Sen-
ate," Ives said.
"I am confident that Sen. Mc-
Namara is an honorable gentle-
man and it is deplorable that these
unsubstantiated charges have been
aired."
Ives said he did not feel the
charges even warranted his men-
tioning them to Chairman Mc-
Clellan (D-Ark), of the Senate
committee.
Mundt's statement said McNa-
mara's name was mentioned "cas-
ually" by the wintess and that the
mention created "no particular
impression" on the thre.- senators
present. He told a reporter he can't
even recall the details of what was
said about McNamara, and that
he is surprised "the Pearson story
placed such emphasis on it and
gave such unfavorable publicity to
our Michigan colleague."
"Unless the Senator (McNa-
mara) askf to be heard, however,"
he continued, "I still have no in-
tention of giving publicity or call-
ing attention to the rather inci-
dental references made to him."
14r ai thiat nt r fm.n+ at of-

secure."
Tying this to secrecy and Mc-
Cartly, Cowley pointed out that
many important issues today are
not decided in open debate, a
situation which creates "indiffer-
ence" about issues. Secredy has
made people no longer interested
in politics because they no longer
have anything to say about poli-
tics, he claimed.
McCarthy has "given a period
of universally paranoid suspicions.
Dozens of men have learned it,
doesn't pay to talk too much," he
continued.
Cowley spoke before the Politi-
cal Issues Club, addressing a hot
but attentive audience of over 125
people.
20's Filled With Exuberance
"The 1920's," Cowley remarked,
"were filled with exuberance. The
1930 generation was one of topics
-they were faced with real prob-
lems and great searching - curi-
osity was evident. But now, discre-
tion is the order of the day, even
though it leads to ignorance of
basic issues in politics."
The former literary editor of
the New Republic described "cal-
amity" as a fear of "what is go-
ing to happen. We don't talk about
it, but we think - and this really
leads to the confession that an in-
teresting life is a conventional
lif e."
He said that today's youth has:
experienced a long period of pros-
perity. "This has given them,"
Cowley added, "a belief they must
share deeply in it.
Americans Act Alike
"By proximity I mean to sug-
gest that Americans are trying
hard to act like each other. This
has happened because they are
living much closer together today
than in the past; conformity
grows naturally out of a large
population."
Lack of a political creed Cowley
cited as another reason for poli-
tical indifference in today's youth.
.You can't just believe in noth-
ing," he explained.
He encouraged today's youth to
look further than their own re-l
tirement and see the position ofl
their children in 100 years or
more.
He went on to suggest that con-
servation is one field where op-
portunity for strong convictions
and hard work can help preserve
the nation's resources -- both hu7
man and physical.

Macmillan
Gets Soviet
Peace Note
LONDON (P) - Soviet Premier
Nikolai Bulganin has sent a
personal letter to Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan expressing hope
for agreement on all issues in the
Middle East.
He also promised to stop nuclear
teats if the West will.
Moscow radio yesterday broad-
cast details of the letter delivered
to Macmillan three days ago.
The letter appeared to be geared
to the new Soviet campaign to
depict Moscow as a peace-loving
friend of the Arab world.
Urges Agreement
"Taking into consideration the{
complexity of the existing prob-
lems," Bulganin wrote, "one
should, with the object of improv-
ing and normalizing the situation
in the Middle East, immediately
take such steps on which it is
possible to reach an agreement."
Bulganin said the possibilities of
a settlement have not been ex-
hausted and added:
"I do not lose the hope that,
given the good will on the part of
the governments of the states con-
cerned, agreement can be reached
on all disputed issues."
Soviet Contribution
Bulganin said the Soviet Union
believes "the great powers would
make a big contribution to the
normalization of the situation in
the Middle East if they denounced
the use of force as the means of
settling the unsolved problems of'
that area."
"One may differ in the views on
some questions or others, for in-
stance, connected with the use of
the Suez Canal," Bulganin contin-
ued, "'but it is impermissible that
disputed issues are settled by arm-,
ed force, that reckless actions of
some states or others, still bran-
dishing arms, imperil the peace of
the area."
The letter was delivered at about
the same time the Soviet Union
was handing notes to the United
States, Britain and France urgingI
renunciation of force in the Middle
East.
These notes also proposed to
scrap alll Western military bases
in the area as part of a general
settlement. The West considered
the notes a propaganda gesture.,
Government
Aids Schools t

Onl

Political

Ike Believes
Arms Race
End Possible
AUGUSTA, Ga. (P) - PresidentI
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
expressed new confidence the East-
West atomic weapons race can be
halted.
He pictured an arms reduction
as "indispensable" but likely to be
a slow process.
His views regarding efforts to
reach an inspection and controls
agreement with Russia were out-
lined in a statement after he had
conferred for 75 minutes with Har-
old E. Stassen, his adviser on dis-
armament matters.
After the conference at the Au-
gusta National Golf Club, Presi-
dent Eisenhower's vacation head-
quarters, Stassen flew back to
Washington for a final session
with Secretary of State John Fos-
ter Dulles, then headed.for London
for disarmament talks.
Those talks, which started last
month and recessed over the Eas-
ter weekend, have given United
States officials cautious hope that
the Soviet Union finally may be
about ready to take a small, first
step toward disarmament.
Stassen declined to hold a news
conference after his meeting with
President Eisenhower. He refused
to meet with newsmen, the White
House said, because the London
negotiations are "only at the half-
way stage" with plenty- of work
stil'. ahead.

ABA PRESIDENT:
Maxwell Hits,
At Administra
By MURRAY FEIW
Speaking at the University Lawyers C
Day program, David F. Maxwell, PresidE
Association, last night attacked what he clf
tion by administrative agencies.
Maxwell told his audience that the U
strongly parallels the Russian setup of'
today. The Philadelphia-born lawyer trave
He questioned the right of such grou
cisions as opposed to the courts.
He spoke on the picture of administ
States as it existed in the thirties and
the situation in Russia to-T

Cr

Lectures

Set;

Jordan,

In

22 States

i
1
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WASHINGTON (/P)-Grants to-
taling more than ten and one half
million dollars to help school dis-
tricts in 22 states relieve over-
crowding resulting from federal
activities were announced by the
Office of Education yesterday.
The facilities which the money
will help build- are needed mainly
to care for children of families
attached to military installations,
the announcement said.
A total of $56,362,713 of such aid
has been allocated thus far this
fiscal year, which ends June 30.
SSGC Meeting
New committee chairmen under
the revised structure will be an-
nounced at the Student Govern-
ment Council meeting at 7:30 p.m.
today in the third floor council
room.

i,
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it
1.
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.
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Petitions .due
"The Role of the Fraternity in
the Expanding University" is the
topic of a speech which University
President Harlan Hatcher will de-
liver tonight at the Sheraton Ho-
tel in Detroit.
President Hatcher will be the
guest of the Michigan Fraternity
Alumni at a cocktail hour and
dinner.
* * *
Petitioning is now open for two
campus organizations through
Monday.
According to Isabel Francis,
57Ed., six positions are open for
Human Relations Board. Petitions
and material describing the board
may be picked up in Mrs. Calla-
han's office in the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs, Student Activities
Building.
Positions are also available for
Cinema Guild Board, and may
also be picked up at Mrs. Calla-
han's office.
Professor Paul G. Kauper of
the law school speaks at 8 p.m.
today in the Union on "The Con-
stitutional History of the Negro."
The talk, sponsored by the stu-
dent branch of the NAACP, will
cover some of the legislation per-
taining to Negros according to
Prof. Kauper.

day.
Pointing oft that Russia has
administrative absolutism in that
-the power to investigate, prosecute
and judicate is all vested in the
Praesidium, the 80th President of
the ABA said that the Bar is now
trying to "do away with such evils
in administrative agencies today."
Maxwell illustrated the plight
of the Russians by using the Beria
case of 1954 as an example. He
pointed out that Beria was
brought to trial, convicted and
shot in a matter of days. He also
cited the cases of some 24 Hun-
garians who have been shot with-
out due process of law.
A member of the Hoover Com-
mission, Maxwell emphasized the
importance of separation of pow-
ers and checks and balances and
said, "the whole concept of the
Communist state, in which pow-
ers are vested in one group, is
hopelessly wrong."
Maxwell told his audience, "In
Russia the individual is the crea-'
ture of the state and serves no
good except the good of the state."
Maxwell pointed out that there
are some 72 administraitive tribu-
nals, 30 of which have their own
criteria for lawyers to meet be-
fore they can practice before
them. Maxwell said, "The Trea-
sury Department spends $500,000
of the taxpayer's money annually
to investigate the merits of the
lawyers who wish to practice be-
fore them and this is wrong."
Ensian .Needs
Photographers
Paid photography positions on
the Michiganensian staff are now
open to those interested, according
to Harold Barron, '58, Ensian en-
graving and layout editor.
Both the position of photogra-
phy editor and staff photographers
need to be filled for work on the
1958 'Ensian. The 'Ensian's dark-
room facilities are available to
staff members for the developing
and printing of photographs.
Those interested in these posi-
tioris should contact Barron before
Tuesday.

I

IF(
Fra
For
Lamb
was den
remaind
fined $
Council
night fo
and IF
pledge a
The a
a pledg
member
class ki
vice-pre
and stra
in the m
In th
ciplinary
hours o
also den
ternity
rest of t
a $100 fi
pledging
Kerry
James
Alpha pi
presiden
the even
the come
Johns
he and'
were abd
afternooc
Royal 01
ing a bo
and Vam
left on
servers,
jars of t
"We s
hailed h
because]
headedf
a freigh
tention<
Johns
dents m
island w
ing andt
ing har
campers
in their1
to shore
With

isis Falls
Kingdom
Parties Ask
JudgingResignation
ctve Level Of Premier
ELL f annual Founders etist Groups Call
ent of the American Bar Strikes for Today;
aimed were evils of judica- Clashes Break Out
nited States of the 1930's AMMAN, Jordan ()-This sore.
administrative judication ly beset kingdom was plunged yes-
led in Russia last summer,. terday into its second political
ips to judge and give de- crisis in two weeks.
Premier Hussein Khalidi at a
rative law in the United stormy conference fought off de-
now as compared with mands of all political parties that
he and his Cabinet resign.
Khalidi, a man inclined toward
the West and backed by King Hus-
sein, has been in office only a
week.+.
Leftist elements called a general
strike for Wednesday.
Demonstrations Break Out
Small anti-Khalidi demonstra-
tions broke out in the Arab sec-
tion of Jerusalem and two other
west Jordan cities, Jerico and Nab-
lus.
The Moslem Brotherhood clash-
ed with Communists in Jericho.
The new crisis arose from
charges that young King Hus-
sein's palace was in league with
the British and Americans in plots
against Jordan's independence and
liberty.
The charge was made Saturday
by Maj. Gen. Ali Hayari, who fled
to Syria and resigned as army
-Daily-Edward Graff chief of staff,
DAVID MAXWELL Representatives Meet
.. ABA head speaks Representatives of all political
parties met with Khalidi and his
rCabinet of six independents and
onie National Socialist for a show-
down.,
King Hussein installed Khalidi
eternities after dismissing former Premier
Suleiman Nabulsi and his Cabinet
made up of pro-Egyptian and
r Pranks Communist factions.
~ tra l1.sOpponents of the ailing Khaldi
demanded that a new Cabinet be
By ROBERT BALL formed with all parties represent-
ed. This would bring Communista
da Chi Alpha Fraternity back into the Cabinet.
ied social privileges for the,. Conference Report
[er of the semester and In the midst of the turbulent
100 by Inter Fraternity meeting, Interior Minister Said
Executive Committee last Mufti emerged from the confer-
or violation of University ence room and told reporters "the
'C regulations regarding Cabinet has decided to resign and
ictivities. Prmier Khalidi will see the King
ction came as a result of to tender his resignation.".
e prank Monday, when This report was picked up by
s of the fraternity's pledge Cairo radio. Three and one-half
dnapped the president and hours after the report was flashed
sident -of the fraternity around the world, Khalidi emerged
anded them on Peche Isle and denied the government had
piddle of the Detroit River. quit.
e other of the two dis- The elderly Jordanian states-
y moves duringnearly four man, who suffers from stomach
f session, the committee ulcers, said negotiations still were
lied Sigma Alpha Mu Fra- going on in an attempt to settle
social privileges for the the crisis.
he semester and suspended Jordan Under Censorship
ine, also for a violation of Jordan was under strict censor-
regulations' ship on outgoing news dispatches.
Johnson, '58BAd, and The crisis developed rapidly
Smith, '59, Lambda Chi after a government spokesman, In
'resident and pledge class an obvious reference to Syria and
t, respectively, narrated Egypt, charged Monday that
nts of the kidnapping for "some neighboring Arab countries
mittee. and foreign countries paid lots of

on told the committee that money" to precipitate the upheav-
Tom Vanden Bosch, '58E, al in Jordan. He said the money
ducted by pledges Monday was paid to "parties and others."
n. They were taken to in a broadcast Monday night,
ak, where a trailer carry- Khalidi declared the stories of
gat was obtained. Johnson Western interference in Jordan
iden Bosch were eventually affairs were untrue, and urged the
Peche Isle, with life pre- people to ignore the rumors.
a box of crackers and six Nabulsi's resignation was re-
baby food. quested by Hussein on April 10
aw a lone fisherman and because the premier was not lis-
im. He must have seen us, tening to the 21 year old ruler's
he started his engine and demands that Communists be
for shore. We shouted at weeded out of government, army
ter and attracted the at- and schools.
of a squad car on shore. Nabulsi had declared he would
on went on: "The two stu- not agree to application of Presi-
iet three campers on the dent Dwight D. Eisenhower's mid-
ho had heard their shout- dle East Doctrine in Jordan if he
the sound of an approach- had to sign up to fight commun-
rbormastere's boat. The ism.
took them out to the boat In the six-day .crisis that fol-
boat and they were taken lowed Hussein won out when le
. demade a dramatic personal appear-
five dollars between them, ance before his Bedouin troops

I

RUSSEL LECTURE:
Iredvold Finds 18th Century Problems Remain

By ALLAN STILLWAGON
Problems of the t18th century
are so, rooted in the nature of
man that we of the 20th still face
them, Prof. Louis I. Bredvold said
of the English department yes-
terday.
These fundamental issues,
"handed down from generation
to generation," must be faced by
each age as its own . . . accord-
ing to what wisdom it can com-
mand."
Receives Certificate
Before delivering the 1957 Hen-
ry Russel Lecture, Prof. Bredvold
received the certificate of his
honor from University President

Their preoccupation with an
education unsullied by formality
committed them to "assumptionsI
regarding the nature of man," ac-I
cording to the Russel lecturer. As
a result the uneducated were
hailed and "each in turn enjoyed
a brief notoriety." But "the poet-
ical shoemaker, the poetical brick-
layer, and the poetical pigwoman
of Brisfdl" all passed and were
forgotten.
In all the 18th century chains
of theory there is a "missing link,
the fact that somewhere man
must have had a fall." Lacking,
this w i sd n mi_ mhiiinnar

1
i
1
:

!-I

HONORED PROFESSORS - Prof. Louis 1. Bredvold of the Eng-
lish department yesterday delivered the 1957 Henry Russel lecture.
Pn f J . m _ _ Rn- ae C i o 1 - ..4.r.._.. .«...«. --

{

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