For Strategic Jordan?
See Page 4
CLOUDY, LIGHT RAIN
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXVII, No. 139
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 1957
I i I
WASHINGTON (R) - The spe.
cial Senate Rackets Committee
yesterday ordered contempt of
Congress proceedings against a
convicted Scranton, Pa., Teamster
terrorist who refused to say whe-
ther he regards himself as "a de-
Two other convicted dynamiters
also invoked the Fifth Amend-
ment in balking at committee
questions. But it was Robert
Hubshman who aroused the ire of
Chairman Robert McClellan (D-
McClellan angrily ordered the
committee staff to prepare con-
tempt proceedings after Hubsh-
man refused to answer such ques-
tions as the one about his civic-
mindedness, or lack of it.
Refuses to Answer
Hubshman who served nine
months for dynamiting and now
faces malicious mischief charges
in Scranton, refused 36 times to
answer the committee's questions
because they "may tend to in-
By contrast, pretty witness Hel-
en Canfield told with almost girl-
ish gusto how she had secretly
tape-recorded conversations which
named high Teamster officials in
Scranton, took the tapes to the
district attorney, and then found
herself arrested for "obstructing
The 27-year-old brunette said
she knew all the Teamster mem-
bers involved - "they were nice
boys"-and they had told her of
other deeds including deflating
tires of nonunion trucks, stink-
bombing a nonunion bakery, and
putting sugar in gasoline to dam-
Conflicting testimony about
Bradshaw's role in the dynamiting
came from William Munley, the
man who later confessed actually
setting off the blast.
Munley said Teamster officials
never talked to him about the dy-
namiting - that Bradshaw asked
him to do the job.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. (')-Scien-
tists unveiled a secretly developed
American invention yesterday
which they say promises to guide
any kind of craft-plane, missile,
ship or submarine - free from
enemy interference - to any
chosen spot on earth.
"Inertial Guidance," as it is
called by its developers at Massa-
chusetts Institute of Technology,
already has flown a big B29 from
Boston to Los Angeles.
Y No Radar Beam
Operating without magnetic
compass, radio or radar, without
a glimpse of earth, sun or stars,
"Inertial Guidance" is said by the
scientists to need no electronic
signal or radar beam-and there-
fore cannot be "jammed" by ap-
paratus in the hands of an enemy.
Heart of the system is a
completely free-floating gyroscope
sealed in a little four-inch cylinder
the size of a tomato can.
Scientists say this incredibly
complicated mechanism always re-
mains aimed in a fixed position in
relation to the universe indepen-
dent of the earth's motion.
And it cannot be affected by
t' other natural phenomena such as
weather, sunspots and magnetic
influences on polar flights, the
The scientists hint it might be
_f of very great importance in flight
through outer, space-as to the
moon or mars.
It is being applied to flight and
fire control as well as to naviga-
tion. Military application for all
three uses have been developed at
Hussein Issues Plea
For National Unity
AMMAN (M-King Hussein yes-
terday sternly warned outsiders
to keep their hands off Jordan,
His attack was aimed at those
dreaming of dismembering his
country. But he also accused im-
perialist countries of trying to
break up Arab unity.
The youngrulerlastweek ousted
the increasingly pro-Soviet gov-
ernment of Premier Suleiman
Nabulski, and then maneuvered a
more moderate regime into office.
He took to the radio yesterday
night for a 15-minute talk, largely
a plea for national unity.
"I am hostile to those who por-
tray things wrongly to you and
these inspired from outside their
own country and those disloyal to
their country," the King said.
"I am also hostile to those who
try to drive a wedge between me
and you and between me and our
army on whom we rely for the
defense of the Arab nation as a
Steps Will Continue
Shortly before the King spoke,
the new premier, Hussein Fakhri
Khalidi, said steps to create a
federal union of Syria, Egypt and
Jordan will continue despite the
change in governments.
Khalidi said a cultural and eco-
nomic federation will be the first
step toward a federal union.
"Nothing could be better for
the United States than to have a
stable, prosperous Arab world," he
told an AP reporter.
"A union of Arab states. he
added, is the best road to stability.
Proclaiming hostility to Israel,
AWARENESS-Prof. Martin Buber of Jerusalem said last night
' that people must become aware of each other as unique entities
and communicate with them as such.
Prof. Buber Says Men Must
Communicate Real Selves
By JOHN WEICHER
Men must communicate themselves to others as they really are,
Prof. Martin Buber of Hebrew University, Jerusalem, last night said.
The eminent Jewish theologian spoke against the concern with
"seeming" appearances which dominates life today. He listed this
concern as one of three problems which must be overcome to achieve
He offered as an example the case of two men talking to each
other. "We have each as he wants to appear to the other; each as
he really appears to each other - the two images do not correspond
at all; each as he appears to himself; and each as he really is.
Two Realities Present
"In short, there are present two realities and six semblances.
There is no room for inter-human relationship."
Yet a person can never pay too dearly for life, no matter how
much it may cost. One may strive for or less successfully, Prof.
LONDON (A)-Parliament last
night approved the Conservative
party government's plan for
streamlined defense based on nu-
It gave Prime Minister Harold
Macmillan's government a 309-258
vote of confidence on the issue, re-
jecting a Labor party motion at-
tacking "undue dependence" on
nuclear weapons and demanding
postponement of British hydro-
gen bomb tests in the Pacific this
Macmillan, who spoke just be-
fore the vote ending a two-day
defense debate said Britain is
striving for general disarmament
but until that time "we must rely
on the power of the nuclear de-
terrent or throw up the sponge"
"That is a harsh decision to
make," Macmillan said, "but I
believe most of my fellow country-
men would prefer to stand boldly
on the deterrent than risk all the
traditions of our religious and civil
Laborites, demanding postpone-
ment of the forthcoming H-bomb
tests in the Christmas Island area
"for a limited period," urged the
government meanwhile to swk
abolition of such tests through in-
"My view is that if they-the
H-bomb tests - were abondoned
they would never be held," he said
amid cheers from his supporters.
"That is a responsibility which I
am not prepared to take."
The government's new defense
plan, pegged to American-made
guided missiles fitted with nuclear
warheads and with the ability to
strike back powerfully at any ag-
gressor, was approved by Com-
mons shortly after the rejection of
the Laborite attack.
The program will nearly halve
Britain's armed forces over the
next five years with an immediate
saving of 196 million dollars.
Macmillan emphasized the plan-
ned cuts in armed service person-
nel were forced by Britain's shaky
SGC Will Hear
By MICHAEL KRAFT
Resolutions stemming from discussion in the League Senate and
the Union Representative Body will be automatically placed on the
Student Government Council Agenda, SGC members decided by a
nine to eight vote last night.
Designed to organize channels of communication through which
students can express their opinion, the motion received objections
from SGC members who felt that outside groups should not have a
"mandate" over the SGC agenda.
Called Excellent Source
Stating that the League Senate and the Union Representative
Body "represent no special interests," the motion called them an
"excellent source of opinion."
The Senate consists of approximately 50 representatives from
all the women's dorms, sorority and League houses. The Union Body
has not been formed yet but will
be organized along similar lines.
Placing recommendations stem-
ming from discussion in these
groups on the SGC Agenda would
provide "the strongest incentive
for worthwhile discussion" accord-
ing to the motion's maker, Roy
Lave, '57E, retiring Union Presi-
"But mandatory placing of re-
commendations on the agenda is
unwise," Maynard Goldman, '59,
WASHINGTON )-The United
States yesterday ordered the ex-
pulsion of a Russian Embassy em-
ployee who tried to get an escaped
Red air force flier to go back
The State Department acted at
the very moment the employee,
unaware he was being ousted, was
telling newsmen he had done no
Gennadi F. Mashkantsev, who
came here from Russia six months
ago told reporters who had asked
to see him that all he did was act
as mailman between Peter Piro-
gov and Anatole Barzov.
Flew From Ukraine
Pirogov and Barzov flew from
the Ukraine to Linz, Austria, in
October 1948 and then came to
the United States.
Barzov got homesick and re-I
turned to Russia in 1949. He is re-I
ported to have been shot.
Pirogov is a construction worker
in Fairfax County, Va., across the
Potomac River from Washington.
It was there Mashkantsev vis-
ited him March 11 and delivered a
letter purported to be from Bar-
zov and suggesting he return
Letter Called Forgery
Pirogov told reporters that Bar-
zov was dead and "the letter is a
Mashkantsev said yesterday:
"How could Barzov be dead? He
lives with his family in the Altay
district of southern Siberia. The
letter is genuine."
Reporters suggested that the
Russians could prove Barzov had
written the letter if they could
Mashkantsev said that was "a
His boss, Soviet consular chief
Feodor F. Solomatin, who shared
the interview at the embassy, said
a news conference with Barzov
might be arranged in Russia. He
said he would check with Moscow.
To Get Study
t~iah ..t'icr.4 nrC..... rJ-.A.... -AD.
&Byber said, but -he never strives "Naturally we don't want to
in vain. throw the Jews into the sea or
Prof. Buber held that nobody is massacre them as Hitler did, but
hopelessly bad when he is young, there can be no peace or stability
saying, "I have never met a young so long as Israel exists in its
person in this condition. When present form."
they are older, yes, people may
be encased in a tough shell of
"seeming" which is very diffi-
cult to penetrate. But everyone Finalc beOU d
can be redeemed."
He mentioned Jean-Paul Sartre Of Camrbell
as one who regards a person's rolen
in relation to others as an imper-
sonal one, and holds that he isCo ts Se
only concerned with himself.
Those who believe this regard ev- The final round of the Henry M.
ery breakthrough of the inner self Campbell Competition will be held
as "reactionary romanticism." at 2:15 tomorrow afternoon in Rm.
Imposition of Belief 100 of Hutchins Hall.
The third problem is that of im- It is the major annual event in
position of one person's beliefs on the activities of the Law School
another, instead of furthering the Case Clubs and takes the form of
disposition in him toward what is a moot trial.
right. This Prof. Buber termed Finalists are Lee Abrams and
the difference between propagan- James Feibel, '58L, representing
da and education, the petitioners in the case, and
The propagandist is indifferent John Lewis and Eugene Wanger,
to everything personal, while the '58L, representing the respondents.
educator regards each person as The winning team will be award-
a unique individual, in whom there ed a prize established in memory
is a struggle between the forces of Henry M. Campbell, '78L.
seeking to actualize his potenti- A panel of judges, chosen to de-
alities, and counter-forces. In each cide the winners, will be presided
person, one of these attitudes pre- over by the Hon. John Biggs Jr.,
dominates, Prof. Buber said. Chief Justice of the 3rd Judicial
At a discussion of his categories Circuit of the Federal Court of
of thought earlier yesterday, Prof. Appeals.
Buber defined the function of a Names of the members of the
teacher as that of helping the pu- winning team will be announced at
pil to become aware of something the Annual Case Clubs Banquet, to
central which can reshabe his life, be held at 7:15 p.m. Friday in the
This is all he can do, he said. lichigan Union Ballroom
Will Speak Today
Prof. Buber will speak again to- e m m - 111_
said. "The groups
recount of J-HopI
day on the subject "Men in Flight"
at 10 a.m. in Kellogg Aud. on the
second day of a three-day confer-
ence at which he is both chief
speaker and chief topic of dis-
He will also engage in a dialogue
with Prof. Carl Rogers of the Uni-
versity of Chicago at 8:30 p.m.
today in Kellogg Aud.
Irof To !ive talk'
UCLA Prof. Thomas P. Jenkins
will speak at 8 p.m. at the East
Confgerence Room of the Rack-
ham Building. Prof. Jenkin's talk,
one in the Political Science Grad-
uate Round Table series, will be
"The Interpretation of Contem-
porary Political Thought."
balloting showed only one change
in the list of committee members
counted in the original balloting
which took place March 19.
Lynda Genthe, '59, replaced Joel
Koenig, '59, on the recount.
This second count was requested
after a miscalculation was dis-
covered in the required vote quota
The results of this vote are offi-
cially certified by Joint Judiciary
Original members remaining on
the recount are Michael Adell,
Robert Arnove, Jo Anne Beechler,
Tom Creed, Liz Hoffman, Dan
Jaffe, and Sally Klinesteker, all
'59. Two other members, Jim
Champion and Robert E. Stahl,
both '59E also remained.
control the agenda and I don't
like the idea of SGC being man-
dated to do something - it could
be dangerous," he said.
In unanimous and quick action
earlier in the meeting, SGC estab-
lished a Committee on Increasing
Enrollments. Scheduled to report
by May 15, the committee will out-
line areas that SGC should act
upon in considering the increasing
A committee, headed by Jordan
Lewis, '59, sent questionaires to 30
colleges and universities having
student operated bookstores and
found that because of Federal Fair
Trade Laws, their prices were
"roughly" the same as t h o s e
charged by Ann Arbor merchants.
The report said that with usual
discounts from publishers, "a stu-
dent bookstore could feasibly sell
texts five to 15 per cent below list
Listing five requirements for
eefficient functioning, including
operation on a year round basis,
and starting capital of several
thousands of dollars, the report
calle a store a "tremendous opera-
T h e committee recommended
that instead, "the present Student
Book Exchange be continued and
enlarged, so that eventually, it
could evolve into a real student
WASHINGTON (R) - A bitter
Senate - House dispute over a
money bill carrying funds for re-
lief checks was left hanging fire
tonight as both branches quit until
The House adjourned at 6:25
p.m. and the Senate recessed at
The senators made plain before
they quit, however, that they did
not intend to accept the latest ver-
sion of the measure, the third sent
over by the House.
Planned Easter Recess
The- lawmakers had been plan-
ning to start an Easter recess after
today to last until April 29. But
plans for this were awry; some
members said they already had
canceled plane reservations.
The most important item tied up
in the bill is the federal share of
public assistance payments in May
Sen. William Knowland (R-
Calif), the Republican leader, said
he did not believe Congress would
take a holiday "while there was
danger" that payments to the
needy, blind, aged 'and disabled
would not be met.w
Sen. Michael Mansfield (D-
Mont), acting Democratic leader,
said the Senate would not recess
this week if the measure is not
The Senate had hoped to amend
the third version of the legisla-
tion and send it back to the House
b e f o r e adjournment yestereday
But it was blocked from doing
so when Sen. George Malone (R-
Nev) launched on a lengthy speech
strongly protesting elimination
from the bill of funds for govern-
ment minerals purchases.
Leaders attempted to persuade
Malone to yield the floor but he
would not do so. The Senate then
recessed with the understanding he
could resume his speech when it
meets at noon.
The bill, which has been in dis-
pute since mid-February, carries
275 million dollars to pay the fed-
eral share of public assistance
grants to be made by the states in
May and June.
This amount is not in dispute,
but the House and Senate have
been unable to get together on.
other appropriations contained in'
Late yesterday the House re-
fused on a unanimous voice vote
to accept the Senate's latest pro-
posal for a compromise. It shelved
the Senate's proposals and sent
back a new bill of its own.
WASHINGTON (R) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower laughed off
yesterday a suggestion-attributed
to his brother Edgar - that the
President has come under "too
liberal" influences and is spending
too much of the taxpayers' money.
"Edgar has been criticizing me
since I was 5 years old," chuckled
the President at a news conference
which ranged from the simmering
Middle East to the question of
roadside billboards here at home.
In serious vein, President Eisen-
hower made these main points:
1. "Some progress" seems to
have been made toward settling
the Suez Canal dispute, and this
country has not given up hope of
an agreement without recourse to
the UN Security Council.
2. This country has established
policies for helping any Middle
East nation attacked by a foreign
The policies he mentioned were
a U. S.-British-French agreement
in 1950 and the Eisenhower Doc-
trine resolution passed by Congress
this year, pledging aid upon re-
quest to any victim of Communist
aggression in the Middle East.
Approved Postal Cut
3. He gave his "complete ap-
proval" in advance to Postmaster
General Arthur Summerfield's cut-
ting off postal service last Satur-
day because Congress had failed to
vote emergency funds.
President Eisenhower said "the
real argument" was whether the
Post Office Department spent
money too rapidly in the past, and
he gave no opinion on that score.
4. The Labor Department is
watching "very closely" the Sen-
ate hearings on alleged misuse of
union funds to see whether any
government action is necessary,
Brother Protests Budget
All this developed after one of
the 227 reporters asked the Presi-
dent about a published story quot-
ing Edgar Eisenhower as protest-
ing the size of his brother's $71,-
800,000,000 budget and saying the
President has come under "too
The story - which Tacoma,
Wash., lawyer Edgar denied in
part-pictures him as disturbed
in particular about the influence
of another Eisenhower brother, Dr.
Milton S. Eisenhower; Sherman
Adams, chief assistant to the Pres-
ident; and industrialist Paul Hoff-
Asked if he would support the
re-election campaign of Sen. Jen-
ner (R-Ind) a critic of his foreign
policy, the President replied with
a smile: "Well, aren't you asking
a question way ahead of time? The
primaries are not over yet."
Now on Sale
At City Hall
City bicycle licenses valid
through April 30, 1958, went on
sale yesterday at the office of City
Clerk Fred J. Looker.
Cost of the new red with white
lettering licenses will be 50 cents.
The current yellow licenses with
black lettering, which sold 11,700
will expire at the end of this
According to Mr. Looker, ar-
rangements have been made for
the distribution of licenses at city
schools. He added that he in-
tends to make arrangements for
also selling licenses on the Uni-
Applications from the schools
ANNUAL HONORS BANQUET:
Adams Offers Words of Advice to Law Students
By ROBERT BALL, Jr.
Liberally punctuating his ad-
dress with penetrating, often hu-
morous law cases, John J. Adams,
'40L, member of a Cleveland law
firm, offered words of advice to
law students honored at last
night's annual Law School Honors
Adams, who specializes in labor
law, told the students. "You're
sure you're right. You must prove
what you believe to be the law,"
On another side of the law
"practice", which Adams differen-
tiated from "profession", he ex-
plained, "E i t h e r your client
doesn't know what facts are im-
portant, or he thinks he knows,
but can't tell you the facts you
need to know.
had our opponent nailed to the
ground. The judge asked him, 'Can
you plead a course of action if I
allow you to amend the petition?'
Our opponent hemmend and haw-
ed. Then he turned to my partner:
'Can he plead a course of action
if I allow him to amend?'
"My partner answered, 'Yes, he
can,' and then proceeded to tell
the judge that it would be futile.
d= . .: