EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. 0 ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone' NO 2-3 241
"WhenOpinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 17, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: EDWARD GERULDSEN
Post Office Department:
Talking Machines But No Service
AT ONE TIME, in the early days of the machines, the public seems to have different
present Republican Administration in notions of "servie".
Washington, there was talk of progress and "Service", we think, would mean something
advancement in the Post Office Department. like having two mail deliveries a day in resi-
This was in keeping with the general For- dential areas, or inaugurating air mail to
ward Look of the Republican Administration cover transportation of all inter-state mail.
And,' in keeping with general political proce- Summerfield, because Congress refuses to
dures, Michigan's own Arthur Summerfield, the give him all the money he wants to have to
President's campaign manager, was named spend on talking postage stamp machines and
Postmaster General. the like, is working in the opposite direction,
Things looked good at first. Summerfield curtailing deliveries and post office hours.
began brightening and freshening up enail-
boxes and mail trucks across the countryby UNFORTUNATELY, as in the past, these fi-
painting them red, white and blue instead nancial quarrels lead only to one thing -
of the traditional olive drab. talk of raising first class postage rates to four
At the same time, there was talk of upping cents
the first-class postage rate from three to four Before this comes to be considered again,
cents - but this never got anywhere and no we must remind Congress and the Post Office,
one seemed overly concerned, w utrmn ogesadtePs fie
Then, last year, the high-water mark y nagain, that rates hikes should be directed to-
Toer, looded the mago-pot ofrk in ward the bulk advertising and magazine mails,
prosperity flooded the major post offices in not toward the individual letter-writer.
the major cities: Summerfield's talking post- n l - r
age stamp machines came into being. The major national magazines pay rela-
Here, indeed, was a revolution in the post tively nothing to have their heavy 200-slick-
office. Stamp buyers in numerous cities could, page issues distributed across the country.
with each purchase, hear a pleasant, though Their savings are echoed in substantial yearly
recorded, "Thank you. This is another service profits.
o ' your Post Office Department." Summerfield could accomplish a real serv-
This was progress. This was advancement. ice" by pointing postage hikes in the right
The post office was giving greater service and direction.
there hadn't even been a postage rate hike. HOWEVER, no postage rate raises are justi-
DAY we may enjoy the results of Sum- fied as a means of supporting talking stamp
merfield's efforts toward progress in the machines. Congress, in spite of Summerfield's
post office. In exchange for patriotically- blustering, cannot with conscience appropriate
painted mail boxes and talking stamp ma- funds that may be marked for unnecessary ma-
chines, we no longer have Saturday mail de- chines.
liveries, Saturday mail pick-ups have been No one with conscience can believe a purely
placed on holiday schedule, and post office political appointment is adequate to fill the
hours have been cut sharply. Postmaster General's office - an office that
Moreover, Summerfield threatens to end handles the nation's mails.
third-class mail altogether and to suspend the Finally, Summerfield cannot, with con-
postoffice's issuanceot money orders. science, believe that his curtailments of service
It seems the main problem lies in definition, are any solution to the problem. They are not
While Summerfield considers "service" to in- even situated in the right direction.
clude those ever-convenient talking stamp -VERNON NAHRGANG
A Cut in Class Hours?
DURING the next decade college enrollment great many lectures are either stale or extem-
is expected to double, and this situation poraneous, either, boring or "chatty".
presents a fine opportunity to re-examine By reducing the number of lectures by one-
teaching methods and the values of differ- third the quality of each should be improved.
ing educational experiences. Also, the large number of lectures that are
Indeed, if higher education is to avoid the simply rehashes of material the student could
mediocrity to which many already have doomed read on his own should decrease.
duch re-yexamwhinationyisimeraytvedmd Another advantage of reducing class work
it, such re-examination is imperative, is that it should help stimulate personal ini-
A relationship which needs study is that be- tiative, if programs are thoughtfully prepared.
tween classroom work and outside preparation. The suggested reduction need not be taken
Today's University student is expected to too rigidly. Clearly the value of classroom work
study two hours for every hour in class, based varies from course to course. But it is nonethe-
on an average load of 15 credit hours. less being overrated in most courses.
The present system puts undue emphasis on Although the suggestion is intended as an
the value of classroom work and lectures. The across-the-board change in teaching methods,
more meaningful learning experience is, we and not as a special aid to the superior stu-
think, private, individual work. dent, it is within the scope of the newly-formed
Lectures should give direction to learning, Honors Council.
'they should clarify material too advanced for
the student to comprehend alone. But research, COLLEGE all too often becomes a continua-
reading, individual work on projects - these tion of high school. Much of this is due to
should be the core of the learning experience. the emphasis on the classroom.
Programs designed to force students to work
MUCH COULD BE'gained by reducing the av- independently, to think and formulate their
erage load to 10 hours and requiring more own opinions, with a minimum of formal help
individual work, perhaps three hours for each from the faculty, would help correct this.
in class. Fewer classes, better prepared, and more
Teaching three courses, a faculty member outside work, would benefit both students and
must conduct and prepare 150 classes a year. faculty.
Itis difficult to prepare this many provoca- LEE MARKS
tive and stimulating lectures. As a result, a City Editor
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Earn, Earn-Pay, Pay!
SQP PEREAPONS MRKE
e L 1
} - -'r"
k ' ' v'
,~, - --
'The American Woman'
Mere Bundle of Promises
THE AMERICAN WOMAN-Eric John Dingwall. Rinehart.
A PINK-JACKETED volume, The American Woman, perhaps like that
creature herself, is superficially a bundle of promises. The cover
blurb, identifying the author as a "British sexual anthropologist," and
the startling facts revealed in the first chapter are sufficient appetizers
to cause the potential reader to'salivate in anticipation of what the rest
of the book must contain. However, Dr. Dingwall doesn't deliver.
Discounting, as we must, the possibility that this scholar has suf-
fered rejections from a number of American beauties and was thereby
embittered, we are to assume that Dr. Dingwall has for a number of
years been a close and impartial observer of the American panorama
from a socio-psychological viewpoint and has at last set down in care-
r / - +MMy A M' - " 9
Humphrey Probe Predicted 4
By DREW PEARSON
YOU CAN WRITE it down as al-
most certain that Congress will
demand an investigation of the
Cabineteer closest to Ike, Secre-
tary of the Treasury George Hum-
phrey, as a result of the tax con-
cessions given to the Arabian-
American Oil Co.
The following events and cir-
cumstances make the demand in-
Secretary Humphrey did not dis-
pose of his stock in the M. A. Han-
na Co. when he took office and
this company is now revealed to
own $26,885,722 of Standard Oil
of N. J. stock. Standard of N. J.,
a 30 per cent owner of Aramco,
greatly benefited f r o m Hum-
phrey's Internal Revenue Service
At the same time Aramco was
getting this favorable ruling in one
foreign country, Cyrus Eaton has
informed Senators that his Lab-
rador ore firm got a discrimina-
tory tax ruling in another country.
Eaton is in competition with Hum-
plrey's huge M. A. Hanna ore
operations in Labrador, and has
informed Senators t h a t Hum-
phrey's office collected taxes from
his company which should have
been waived under a tax treaty
with Canada banning double taxa-
The counsel of the Treasury who
passes on these matters for Hum-
phrey is primarily a politician.
Fred C. Scribner has been serving
as counsel for the Republican Na-
tional Committee at the same
identical time he served as general
counsel of the Treasury. This is
unprecedented. Scribner has now
been promoted to Assistant Secre-
tary of the Treasury.
THE COUNSEL of Internal Re-
venue who initially passes on these
matters is Nelson Rose, a member
of the Cleveland law firm which
represents the M. A. Hanna Co.
Rose did not occupy this position
when the Aramco tax benefit was
OK'd. However, his brother, Chap-
man Rose, also a member of the
firm handling M. A. Hanna's legal
work, was Assistant Secretary of
the Treasury and one of the closest
men to Humphrey. The tax con-
cession to Aramco permitted that
company to pay taxes to King
Saud instead of a similar amount
to him in royalties. This saves
Aramco about $100,000,000 a year
and its parent companies, includ-
ing Standard of N. J., about $80,-
The interesting fact which Sena-
tors have dug up is that the con-
tract between Saudi Arabia and
Aramco provided t h a t Arabia
should not impose a tax of any
kind on Aramco. Yet to save
Aramco money it was arranged in
1954 that it should pay an income
tax to King Saud at the expense
of the Treasury Department,
where George Humphrey has
sworn to be a vigilant tax collector,
4* * *
THERE ARE A couple of back-
stage factors the public doesn't
know about which makes the Can-
adians sore as blazes, over Am-
bassador Norman's suicide and the
leak of the Senate Internal Se-
The Canadian Government re-
members ah too vividly how the
same Senate committee adopted
the same leak tactics back in 1954
and how a protest was lodged with
the State Department. The man
who best remembers it is the No.
2 man in the Canadian Govern-
ment, Lester Pearson, Minister of
Foreign Affairs. He remembers it
because the leak involved him.
Back in 1951, Elizabeth Bentley,
the confessed Communist agent,
testified to Senate agents that she
had received some Canadian infor-
mation of which Lester Pearson
had been the source. Later, in
1954, w h e n , Attorney General
Brownell dug the dust - covered
Harry Dexter White matter out of
Justice Department files for poli-
tical purposes, he made public a
letter supposedly written by a high
* * *
ALL OF THIS made the Cana-
ians sore. The Canadian press
stormed, and the Canadian gov-
ernment made it clear that publi-
cation of the letter was a breach
On top of this, Senators Jenner
and McCarthy proposed. bringing
Igor Gou7enko, the former Rus-
sian code clerk, to Washington to
testify in a move interpreted by
Canadians as aimed at embarrass-
ing Foreign Minister Pearson.
The witch - hunting blabber-
mouths of the United States,"
commented the Toronto Star, "are
apparently after Lester Pearson."
Having known how Canada re-
acted in the past, Senators on the
Security Committee together with
committee counsel, Robert Morris,
had good reason to know that they
would stir up another hornets' nest
in American-Canadian relations if
t ;ey released the Herbert Normanj
FURTHER, the State Depart-
ment had good reason to know the
damage to our important relations
Finally the Canadian Govern-
ment takes with more than a large
grain of salt the official note of
Acting Secretary of State Chris
Herter, that the Eisenhower Ad-
ministration cannot control a Sen-
ate Committee. Canadians recall
that it was not the Senate but a
member of the. Eisenhower Cab-
inet, Attorney General Brownell,
who made the first security breach
regarding Canada in the Harry
Dexter White correspondence.
They also recall that it was no
later than last summer that the
President himself, plus Mr. Brow-
nell, refused to give the House
Government Operations Commit-
tee under Congressman 47 a c k
Brooks of Texas, certain data re-
garing the Nicaro contract in Cuba
and the part played in its award
by.GP Chairman Len Hall.
This information was withheld
because it was embarrassing to
Chairman Hall on the eve of an
election campaign. That's why Ca-
nadians can't help figuring that
American politics is more import-
ant to the Eisenhower Administra-
tion than relations with its north-
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
fully documented prose his find-
ings and conclusions.
But many times it is difficult
to believe that this could have been
the case. Rather it appears that
the Doctor has been sniffing for
some very specific rats, and with
the single-mindedness and tenaci-
ty of a terrier he has dug them out
and laid them at our feet. On close
inspection, however, we are likely
to find that they are only wood-
THE CHIEF FAULT .of Dr
Dingwall's study is, it seems, due
to the fact that his field, which he
designates as "sexual" anthropol-
ogy, tends to narrow his viewpoint
considerably and lead him to some
astounding conclusions on the
flimsiest of evidence.
It is popular practice today to
explain social phenomena in sexual
terms but with a minimum of im-
agination the process can be car-
ried to humorous extremes. It is
doubtful, furthermore, that all the
problems and peculiarities of the
American Woman are sexual ones.
Much of the strain under which
she lives is common to the man as
well-economic, social, ethical, po-
Dr. Dingwall does not ignore
this fact completely. He attempts
to explain it by proving that the
woman has steered both herself
and the American Male into situa-
tions of stress by her confusion
regarding her own sexual role.
* * *
THE AMERICAN'WOMAN is an
historical study, from the coming
of the Puritans down to what is
apparently supposed to be the
present day, although it is difficult
to isolate an observation that could
have been made later than the
Dr. Dingwall proudly demon-
strates that. much of his material
is drawn from what the American
Woman herself has written and
This proves little except that
she has always been brazenly out-
spoken about the state of her af-
fairs and affaires as she saw it.
In the matter of fashion and
clothes, which Dr. Dingwall takes
keen delight in strewing about the
American Boudoir, it is hard to
imagine what he would declare
innocuous. Even the deep folds of
Grecian robes would, be likely to
provoke the suspicions of the im-
Indeed, the American Male is
more likely to become indignant
that his female counterpart at
Dr. Dingwall's assertion that it is
the sex-shy women who have dic-
tated how their men shall be
* * *
AMERICANS are given little
credit for a sense of humor in
viewing their foibles. Even cartoon
captions and popular jokes are
used to confirm this diagnosis of
the American Malady, and Dr.
Dingwall d e v o t e s considerable
space to his own defense as a for-
eigner criticizing American soci-
ety, fortifying his position with
instances in which Americans have
looked askance at the English and
Dr. Dingwall has, in a witty and
creditable literary manner, pointed
up a situation which it is impos-
sible to ignore: that the American
Woman, although she has achieved
a position of power, influence, and
freedom unknown in any other
modern culture, is nonetheless dis-
satisfied, frustrated, self - con-
scious, and perhaps a little
But to analyze and propose
treatment for the psychological
ills of America, ills of which writ-
ers such as William H. Whyte, Jr.
and Russell Lynnes are remindipg
us in greater numbers, and of
which the American people are be-
coming more restlessly aware, will
take a considerably broader and
somewhat less fanciful study than
that of Dr. Dingwall.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official, publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Adminsitration Building, before 2
p.m. the day preceding publication.
Notices for Sunday Daily due at 2:00
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 17, 1957
VOL. LXVII, NO. 136
The following persons have been se-
lected as ushers for the 1957 May Fes-
tival: Reed Andrew, Bruce Arnold,El-
len Austin, Laird H. Barber, Margery
Ann Brooks, Kathy Brown, Sally J.
Brown, NancyBruneau, Elaine Burt,
Robert W. Carr, J. Cohn, Maria Cohn,
Mrs. H. Cole, Robert Cole, Donald Cos-
grove, Phyllis Criswell, Shirley David,
Marion Duerks, Erma Donner, Daniel
Docks, Doris Esch, Irving Ennis, Mar-
guerite Erickson, Laurice Ferris, Em-
erson O. Funk, Irene v. Funk, Joseph
Faris, Carolyn Fisher, Barbara Fox,
Evelyn Fink, Barbara Fry, Judy Good-
ing, Eain Glover,Irma Glauberman
Jane Geiger. Shirley Gosling, Hannah
Gruenewald, Janet Gardnr, Richard J.
Giannone, Roger Greenberg, Ibraham
Hazmah, Carole Hogle, Dan Hulden,
Lois Hlden, Robert Hill, Margaret
Jones, Shirley David Jobin, Carl D.
Johnson, Daniel Bruce Jackson, Pierre
Janin, Constance Kamii, Charles Kel-
ler, Carole Kleppinger, Nick Karzen
Mike Lain, Nancy Lellup, Wesley IL
Loos, Mary Ann Moore, Patricia Mc-
Veigh, Lois A. Morse, David Mills, Jack
Morris, Carole McAlpn, Barbara Mey.
er, Jon C. Maxwell, Barbara Mattison,
Margaret McCarthy, J. David Marks,
Jane Marks, C. David Martenson, Gor-
don Meinhard, Paul Mundinger, Diet.
lind Ni.xdorf, Marian Oaks, Patricia J.
Ray, Ellen Reitz, Edward W. Rothe,
Dennis Roy, Richard Buffalo, Sally
Shadd, Charlotte Scott, Barbara Smith,
Ethel Siegl, Lil Silverberg, Charlotte
S chw im m er, Ted Smith, Marilyn
Shields, Martha Ann Saxton,Helen
Sarbey, Priscilla Stockwell, Lois Slad-
ky, Alex Sarko, Julian P. Steinon, Gus-
tave Stahl, John Shelds, Francis Stein-
on, Fred Shippy, Patrick Smith, -Tilly
Tillotson, Kit Yin Tieng, Ray Tanis,
Joan Volz, Douglas B. Vielmetti, Pros-
ser Watts, Sandra Wilson, Sue Welton,
Phoebe Wolfe, Jana Woodrun, Hans
Herman Wagner, Thomas Welton, Lynn
Maria Zimmerman, Richard Zusi, Maur-
The ushers listed above may pick up
their usher tickets at the Box Office
in Hill Auditorium between 5 and 6
p.m. on Thurs., April 18 and Fri., April
19 and also on Sat., April 20 from 10
a.m. until noon.
All usher tickets not picked up by
Sat., April 20 will be canceled and will
not be given out at the door on the
night of the first concert, as in the
Urgent notice to all Hill Auditorium
ushers - Choral Union, Extra Series,
Lecture Series, and Burton Holmes Se-
ries. All ushers in the above men-
tioned series are urgently asked to help
usher at the Dr. Ralph Bunche lec-
ture which has been postponed twice
and which will now be given on Sat.,
April 20 at 8:30 p.m. Please make an
effort to help and be there no later
than 7:30 p.m. as usual. Your assis-
tance will be greatly appreciated. Come
whether you have your usher card or
Hopwood Awards: All manuscripts
must be in the Hopwood Room by 4:30
p.m., Wed., April 17. Transcripts of
contestants' first semester recors
should be seit from the Office of Reg-
istration and Records to the Hopwood
Agenda, Student Government Coun
il, April 17, 1957.
Minutes of the previous meeting
Officers' Reports: President: University
Regulations Book Study.
Exec. Vice-President: Housing Policy
Committee - Appointments.
Motion: Committee on Increasing
Admin. Vice-President: Committee
Activities: April 22, 23, Indian Student
Association, movie, "Chandra," Ar-
chitecture Auditorium, 7-10 p.m.
April 27, Turkish Club, Turkish BallI,
Rackham, 9-12 p.m.
April 28, NAACP, Folk Sing, Lane
Hall, 7:30-10:00 p.m,
Activities Building Open House.
Student Activities Committee: Stu-
dent Book Store.
Delta Phi Alpha, requests recognition.
National and International: Mock UN
Education and Social Welfare:
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THIS IS THE season of the year when Amer-
icans give more thought to their govern-
ment, in all of its ramifications, than any
Millions of them have been writing checks
for the support of state and federal govern-
ments. Millions more who did not have to
write checks have been reminded of the year-
long tax bite by perusal of withholding slips.
In making out their returns they are re-
minded in numerous ways in which govern-
ment costs them, from local to federal.
Every year at this time they become more
acutely aware of the defects in government.
They read that a lot of their money is wasted
by inefficiency, by subservience of some of
their public officials to special interests at the
expense of the people, by bureaucratic grasp-
RICHARD SNYDER, Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
ing for power and a hundred other things, in-
cluding occasional crookedness.
THEY THINK only a minority of employes
in public posts are crooked, guilty of tur-
pitude orinefficient. But it's hard to know
just .what's what. Yet they hear about it at
Not long ago they heard of mercenary forces
at work in Congress and federal government
in such cases as Dixon-Yates and natural gas.
Now they are hearing from Dave Beck that
he isn't talking about what went with a lot of
Teamster Union money because he doesn't
want to embarrass members of Congress. It is
a violation of federal law to give or spend union
funds in political campaigns. But that is what
In New York, Joseph Socks Lanza, ac-
cused of violating parole from a sentence for
extortion, threatened to blow the whistle on a
lot of political chicanery if they didn't take
off the pressure.
He had been cleared of parole violations. The
parole official mostly responsible resigned in
the ensuing storm. and Lanza is back ir jail
while other officials reconsider. He was former-
ly a big man in Tammany Hall, while widely
known as a racketeer.
A GREAT SCANDAL, accompanied by mur-
err arce in Chicaoen c na of misannDro-
SECOND RATE HOTELS?
Michigan House.Plan Impotent, Obsolete'
By THOMAS BLUES
Daily Staff Writer
ONCE AGAIN it is spring and
time for men in the residence
halls to decide on whether or not
to spend another year within the
system. It is also time, long over-
due, for the University to take a
look at the residence halls and
make some practical changes.
To a great extent the expected
exodus of present quadrangle resi-
dents reflects the fact that resi-
dence halls are rapidly degener-
ating to second rate hotels. This is
a far cry from the Michigan House
Plan, which looks so good on paper
but is impotent and obsolete in
view of present circumstances.
Basically the plan calls for each
residence hall to be divided into
units or houses each of which has
its cwn government and runs its
own social and athletic programs.
Theoretically the idea is sound. By
board payments have increased to
such proportions that outside liv-
ing, although it may cost as much
or more, is becoming increasingly
desirable because of opportunities
for better living standards. Sec-
ondly, returns from the high costs
are not in proportion to them. For
approximately $800 (this fee is
expected to increase) a resident
gets a room and three inadequate
meals per day.
ADMITTEDLY, general price
rises cause this situation. Never-
theless, residents cannot be ex-
pected to cheerily face the situa-
It is too bad that there has been
little constructive thinking in evi-
dence along the lines of how to
build a better system in spite of
these two seemingly insurmount-
able factors. Because of this void,
discontent exists and constantly
criticized. And, since the food riot
of last fall substitute menus have
been offered. They amount to
changing the names of some of the
more distasteful products of the
kitchen and a choice between what
amounts to the lesser of two evils.
* * *
WHAT IS NEEDED at this time
is sound practical changes which
will relieve the tension within the
quadrangles and make living in
them a more desirable period in a
student's life than has been done
in the past.
An immediately necessary step
along this line is to build up in-
dividual houses to an extent that
the men in them can have bene-
fits which tend to offset the disad-
vantages of residence halls life.
The fact that a large turnover
within the system will occur every
year must be accepted and no lon-
aer can leadership be readily found
will be many new staff positions
Perhaps staff assistants are tired
of existing as disciplinarians and
expected to accomplish more in
their positions. More likely, the
staff, is just as tired of existing
conditions as the men themselves.
It is unfortunate that the staff
members existence seems to be
justified only on the basis of neces-
sary bureaucratic work in the
* * *
INSTEAD, staff members should
be called upon to furnish leader-
ship within the houses in all ac-
tivities to make up for the loss in
upperclassmen. The staff should be
qualified to promote house activi-
ties and get the men to participate
as a unit.
If men can take pride in their
house during their stay they may
be able to be bigger than the in-