'When OpinIons Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
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SATURDAY, MARCH 30, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: PETER ECKSTEIN
Fifth nt Refusals
Not the Wisest Course
PROFESSOR ERWIN GRISWOLD made a is possible only when one has something to hide.
strong point when he said that professors There is a very good possibility, as Prof. Gris-
would have been wiser to answer the questions wold suggested, that the professors being ques-
of congressional investigators than to take the tioned had nothing more to hide than member-
Fifth Amendment. ships in certain anti-Fascist, pro-Communist
The dean of the Harvard Law School correct- organizations in the 1930's. Those professors
ly,called such actions harmful to universities who admitted such memberships were exon-
erated, returned to their jobs, and nothing more
and academic freedom in general. . was heard about it.
At the time of the investigations, the public
had just seen a number of the nation's most But most of them did not, and from their
obnoxious gamblers similarly claim the privilege actions grew the suspicion, still prevalent, that
of refusal to testify when called. When shortly universities generally are subversive and Com-
thereafter a number of the nation's educators munist-ridden. Up until the present, very little
did the same thing, the natural response was to has been done to allay this suspicion by anyone
conclude that they were as guilty in their way in academic circles.
as the gangsters.
IT IS HEARTENING to hear so eminent a man
T IS HARD for anyone who reads the records as Prof. Griswold state that the Fifth Amend-
of the testimony before these committees not ment should not have been claimed by those
to conclude that the professors were com- called.
munists. To question after question, the answer Perhaps the universities will now take steps to
came back, "I refuse to answer, on grounds of reclaim their injured reputations.
possible self-incrimination." Self-incrimination -JOHN WEICHER
Human eeI in Dormitories
A CONSTRUCTIVE step has been taken to- temporary triple rooms as possible and for as
ward the problem of reconverting temporary short aaperiod of time as possible.
triples. But as so often happens in an institution
After conferences with Assistant Dean of as large as the University, rules and policy
Women Fuller and Assembly President Jean are adhered to but the human element is for-
Scruggs, Sharon Mitchell and Nancy Durkee, gotten.
Hinsdale house officers will suggest to Assembly Administration representatives philosophical-
and Residence Halls Board of Governors that ly remark the girls must learn to adjust, it's
vacancies at the beginning of the spring all part of the growing-up process, when you
semester be immediately filled, but those occur- look back it's hardly any time at all, and simi-
ring later be allowed to remain vacant. lar cliches. But to the student who has to make
this change, the prospect of adjusting personal
While this may not be the best solution, or habits to new girls which may take the entire
not acceptable to both administration and stu- eight remaining weeks is not looked forward to.
dents, it is an attempt to deal with the problem The human element must be respected. This
by student leaders who have had the oppor- is not the first time students have objected
tunity and the desire to --rstand the ad- to reconversion; it has occurred in almost every
ministration's viewpoint, house affected by the change. Only the degree
B'hASICALLY there is a different outlook be- of objection in this situation has forced an
BASICALL sterisn admifferttook b appraisal of the reasons for objecting. We hope
tween students and administration, that, the administration, although it may not
The administration views overcrowding and accept the suggestion offered, will try to con-
conversion over a five or ten year period, sider the human element more fully in the pro-
Concerned with maintaining the highest pos- cess of reconversion.
sible standard of housing, they want as few -MARGARET MOORE
NewBiish Cy us olicy
ITH THE RELEASE of Archbishop Makar- Cyprus is, with the exception of Gibraltar, their
ios, political and religious leader of the last base left from which they can control the
Greek Cypriots, British policy in Cyprus and Mediterranean and retain some small domi-
the Mid-East seems to be taking a new twist. nance in that area.
Canceling the detention of the Archbishop in The question of the moment revolves around
the Seychelles Islands, combined with the offer the political, military and financial losses sus-
to let NATO negotiate British, Greece and tained by the British worth the small benefit
Turkish differences indicates that the British of trying to keep Cyprus within the fold of the
may be re-evaluating their position on Cyprus. British dominion.
Britain, during the last year, waged an ex- Although there are still a number of ob-
tensive campaign on Cyprus to subdue the stacles to a peaceful solution to the problem,
Violence of the National Organization of such as Greek refusal to negotiate through
Cypriot Fighters, the EOKA, who desire union NATO, the release of the Archbishop is a
with Greece. strong indication that the British are facing up
to the realities of their precarious position in
BRITISH INFLUENCE, since the diplomatic Cyprus and the Mid-East and are willing to
deft bseek a solution in line- with these realities.
defeat by Gamal Abdel Nass er at Su ez, has *
been steadily decreasing in the Middle East. -CAROL PRINS
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
'Who - Me
Russian Interest in U.S. Farms
By DREW PEARSON
AT HILL AUDITORIUMs
REPUTATION has its way of arriving at an engagement before the
performers do, so it was with prepared-in-advance anticipation that
Louis Armstrong was greeted. The predominance that personality
wields was evident in Satchmo . . . he smiled, and the audience roared;
he displayed his throaty gurgling in a few bop phrases, and they were
swinging off the balconies. A tribute ... yes, and deservedly so, for the
type of music he has played, and perfected in his style.
The Dixieland influence is inherent in his arrangements; his num-
bers had the expected heat and swing that one associates with such
music. Backed by a capable "used to this type of thing," group, Arm-
strong had no difficulty in getting off the ground, involving the audi-
ence, and blasting the rafters.
These men could undoubtedly
and at times, more freshness and
music would have given greater
variety to a program which bor-
dered on monotony in several
IN "THE GYPSY", Satchmo
sang, raspily, manipulating the
notes almost tenderly. There is
something touching about his
singing; it is melancholy and blue,
in phrasing harsh enough, vocally,
to provide an interesting contrast.
"Blueberry Hill," his popular fa-
vorite, was delivered with the
Armstrong's cavorting with Vel-
ma Middleton, the buxom, boun-
cy vocalist, was amusing, although
he didn't do a full duet with her,
which would have contributed to
the show. Miss Middleton's gym-
nastic vibrations were too much;
there was a tense moment when
she nearly pushed Armstrong into
the piano, much to the huge de-
light of the audience. Her voice,
when you could hear it, promised
a richness which was never quite
play the numbers in their sleep,
less mechanistic handling of the
The musicians shown best as a
unit in "Sweet Georgia Brown,"
"When The Saints Go Marching
In," and a number of other perpe-
tual Dixieland favorites. They
broke into slightly more progres-
sive style with "Perdido", which
seemed strained and a little un-
comfortable, until the brass came
in to finish it off.
Some nice solo work was done
by Trummy Young on trombone,
Edmond Hall on clarinet, and
Barrett Deems on especially voci-
ferous drums. Billy Kyle handled,
the piano glove-smoothly, occa-
sionally reminiscent of Teddy Wil-
* * *
THE CONCERT was fun. It was
not meant to be intellectually
stimulating but just a good, noisy
time. Armstrong was competent
and gave much of his splendid,
emotional trumpet, plus person-
ality, to the appreciative group.
We enjoyed it.
" THE BURNING GROUND", second half of the speech department
playbill currently at Lydia Mendelssohn, is a "talk" play of a cur-
rent vintage. Like Cocteau's "Infernal Machine", Anouilh's "The Lark"
and, to some extent, Giradoux's "Tiger at the Gates", the play tells an
old story, the outcome of which is known, and tries to achieve success
U.5. OFFICIALS were greatly in-
terested to learn that Soviet
dictator Khrushchev's son-in-law,
Alexander Startsev, walked un-
announced into the offices of the
National Agricultural Workers
Union in Washington, D.C. the
other day and started asking ques-
tions about American farm work-
Startsev, whose official title is
First Secretary of the Soviet Em-
bassy, was accompanied by an-
otlher Russian diplomat identified
as Victor Komplektov They ex-
plained casually that they repre-
sented "one of the embassies in
When NAWU President H. L.
Mitchell asked which one, Startsev
hesitated, then replied: "The Sov-
They explained that they would
like to know about the problems
of agricultural workers. Mitchell
gave them some background on his
small union which was started by
Southern sharecroppers in 1934.
"What," asked Komplektov. "is
the composition of agricultural
"What do you mean by composi-
tion?" asked Mitchell.
"He means race or nationalities,"
MITCHELL said most agricul-
tural workers were Negroes in the
South and Mexicans in the South-
west. The dictator's son-in-law
then wanted to know about the
membership requirements. Mitch-
ell explained that any farm worker
16 years old or over could join the
Startsev asked about the num-
ber of members and was told only
50,000 of the nation's 2,000,000
farm workers are organized.
"Why are they not in unions?"
asked the Russian.
Mitchell explained that the
workers were scattered and were
not covered by protective, legisla-
tion. That was one reason, he said,
that union headquarters were lo-
cated in Washington rather than
in a more rural part of the U.S.
* * *
THE TWO Russians asked a few
more routine questions, accepted
some union literature and started
to leave. Mitchell inquired, as they
started out the door, whether they
were agricultural specialists.
"No," replied Startsev, who
spoke fluent English. "We are in-
terested in all agricultural prob-
Mitchell reported the visit to
the State Department which was
at a loss to explain it.
Note - Since Khrushchev took
charge of the Kremlin, he has
personally dealt with Russian ag-
ricultural problems, has demanded
more crop production, and ap-
proved the exchange of Russian
and American farmers in 1955.
His son-in-law in Washington
has the reputation of being a
studious, hard-working diplomat.
American air officials who have
negotiated with him say he's a
straightforward, tough negotiator.
WHILE THE Senate Rackets
Committee was getting the head-
lines, White House pressure was
being put on Congressional leaders
regarding an investigation into
something far more fundamental-
the cost of living, tight money, and
the extent of inflation.
The President has publicly asked
for authority to appoint a com-
mittee of bankers, finance experts
et al, to investigate the tight
money policy. But one day after
he returned from Bermuda, he was
informed of a roadblock erected by
one of the most respected men on
Capitol Hill-Congressman Wright
Patman of Texarkana, Texas. Pat-
man proposed that Congress con-
duct its own tight money probe,
argued that an investigation dom-
inated by bankers would only en-
dorse the tight money policies
already adopted by the banks.
President Eisenhower, on his
return from Bermuda, got this bad
news from GOP Congressional
leaders at a closed-door White
"We are about 30 votes short of
a majority in the house," reported
GOP Leader Joe Martin of Massa-
chusetts. Martin and Assistant
Leader Charles Halleck of Indiana
explained that Speaker Sam Ray-
burn had "lined up" the Democrats
solidly behind the planned probe
Ike launched some caustic criti-
cism of the Patman Probe as a
"political" scheme to embarrass
the administration. His own plan
to appoint a bipartisan commis-
sion to study fiscal policies, he
contended, was a more objective
and judicial approach.
* * *
JOE MARTIN, however, reckoned
without the banker's lobby. He did
not know that banking friends of
the Administration were at that
very moment putting the heat on
Congress. Long-distance phone
calls had gone' out to bankers in
Southern cities nearest Washing-
ton to come to Washington im-
mediately and switch Democratic
As a result, bankers from North
and South Carolina, Virginia,j
Georgia and Tennessee were flock-
ing through the Halls of Congress
even during the White House con-
ference, calling Congressmen off
the floor, telling them to vote
against the Patman probe.
The bankers' lobby was success-
ful. Thirty-eight Democrats, large-
ly fromthe South, deserted Speak-
er Rayburn to vote with the White
House against a Congressional
probe of high interest rates.
This means there will be no
investigation of tight money at all.
For Democratic leaders are so irked
at the high-pressure tactics of
the bankers lobby they will never
put through the bankers investi-
gation proposed by Ike.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
through writing, characterization
Burning Ground" has all the as-
pects of achieving its success; ac-
tually, it doesn't quite succeed be-
cause its writing loses effectiveness
somewhere between the beginning
and the end.
The story of Ronald Sproat's
one-act play concerns Oedipus af-
ter he has wandered for several
years about the countryside, blind,
with his daughter Antigone. The
play is set on a hill in Colonus,
where Oedipus makes his final de-
cisions and lives his last hours.
ACTING throughout is quite
competent. Arthur Beer, Jr., makes
a striking Oedipus, partly because
of make-up that leaves two dark
impressions on his face 'where
eyes should be, and partly because
of acting that leaves the impres-
sion of a weary, tired, but kingly
old man. Beatrice Minkus plays
the devoted Antigone with a clas-
sical touch; Janice Hamblin man-
ages to suggest the insincerity and
stupidity of Ismene. Phillip Smith
is vigorous as the youth con-
trasted with the aged Oedipus.
Although the actors do well with
what they have, the substance of
the play is weak. The entrance of
the son, Polynices, mid-way
through the act is ineffective-not
because of Richard Allen's stage
work, but because what is said
seems to carry out the story and
What does save the play, per-
haps, is the "miracle" ending, the
light and the burning ground. It
is action; it is what the play has
needed. The final philosophy' of
truth and legends ("What are the
facts? Where is the place reality
begins?") adds the last neces-
* * *
FIRST OF the original works on
the playbill is "Man in Armour",
by the second one-act's Oedipus.
Arthur Beer, Jr. This short play
finds its failings in being the in-
verse of "The Burning Ground";
where "Ground" lacks action and.
fails in writing, "Man in Armour"
crowds far too much action and
melodrama into a 40-minute act.
The author has ,created a half-
hour television play with too many
developments and characters to
make the story plausible. The writ-
ing is, in many places, hackneyed
(poor girl-she never had a moth-
er and her father is a drunkard)
and over-detailed ("You haven't
had a steady job since 1948.").
AS KARL, the youth who tries
to support his sister and drunken
father with black market profits,
Donald Catalina handles his role
capably-it's just that the role is
a stereotyped one. Catalina's main
trouble is with language; he re-
fuses to use slang or contract "it
is" in a part that begs for looser
Old man Gradl, another stereo-
type, is convincingly done by Sol
Plafkin. The other four charac-
ters are not convincing; they have
and motivation. Outwardly, "The
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
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SATURDAY, MARCH 30, 1957
VOL. LXVII, NO. 129
Dr. Bunche Lecture Postponed. Dr.
Ralph Bunche, who was to have spoken
tomorrow night in Hill Auditorium, has
been delayed in the Middle East where
he is on an important government mist-
sion. He is now scheduled to appear
here Saturday, April 20, 8:30 p.m. Tick-
ets issued for his lecture will be hon-
ored on the new date.
School of Business Administration.
Faculty meeting, Monday, April 1, at
3:15 in Room 164.
Late Permission: All women students
who attended the concert at Hill Audi-
torium on Wednesday, March 27, had
late permission until 10:45 p.m.
The Neighborhood Settlement Assoc.,
of Cleveland, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, has
openings for men and women in some of
The March announcement of job
openings overseas has arrived from the
U. S. Air Force Civilian Employment Of-
fice. Positions are listed for men and
women in Social Science, Psych., wel-
fare, Personnel, Admin., Education,
Engrg., Library, and Accounting. There
are jobs in Japan for Newswriters and
For further information contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin.
Bldg., ext. 3371.
Representatives from the following
will be at the Engrg. School:
Wed., April 3
Kellogg Co., Battle Creek, Mich. -
Elect. E. who will have completed 3 yr&.
for Summer Employment.
Cold Metal Products Co., Youngstown,
Ohio - all levels in Engrg. and Science
for Sales Training and Management.
Dixie Cup Co., Easton, Pa. - B.S. &
M.S. in Ch.E., Civil, Elect., Ind., Mat'ls,
Math., Mech., Engrg. Mech., Metal.,
Numic., Nuclear, Physics and Science
for Research, Development, Design, Pro-
duction and Sales.
Dunn Engrg. Associates, Inc., Cam-
bridge, Mass. - all levels in Elect.,
Math., or Physics, Math and Physics
majors must have strong background in
electronics for Research, Development
Philco Corp., Philadelphia, Pa.-- all
levels in Elect., Mech., Engrg. Physics,
Ch. E., Math., Physical Chem., Physics,
and Metal, for Research, Design, Devel-
opment, and Production.
For appointments contact the Engrg.
Placement Office, 347 W.E., ext. 2182.
Information about interviews in addi-
tion to that previously announced:
On Thurs., April 4, at the-Bureau of
Appointments the Ross Laboratories
17 -!" .,- mi TT-ai 'G
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
CONDITIONS attached by both sides to a
resumption of negotiations over the future
of Cyprus have dashed the very short-lived
hopes engendered by Archbishop Makarios' re-
lease from the Seychelles Islands.
The British have refused to lift emergency
rules against the pro-Greece Cypriots, and
Makarios refuses to. negotiate as long as he
RICHARD SNYDER, Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
GAIL GOLDSTEIN................ Personnel Director
ERNEST THEODOSSIN .. t EMagaine Editor
JANET REARItCK -. Associate Editorial i:rector
MARY ANN THOMAS ..... Features Editor
DAVID GREY .. .. Sports Editor
RICHARD CRAMER ........ Associate Sports Editor
STEPHEN HEILPERN ....... Associate Sports Editor
JANE FOWLER and
ARLINE LEWIS ..,....... Women's Co-Editors
JOHN HIRTZEL .........y....... Chief Photographer
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN ... Associate Busness Manager
WILLIAM PUSCH............Advertising Manager
C*ARLES WILSON .,...... Finance Manager
flATR.(IT, nrAXN/m . DT, ..,,.,... n ... ..
is exiled from Cyprus, even though his prison
is now the rest of the world.
Presumably there will be further compro-
mises and some negotiations. The prospect that
they will produce a settlement, however, has
never been very good. The one-day optimism
expressed by Western diplomats overlooked
several fundamentals, anyway.
F IR ST, the British have no intention of get-
ting out of Cyprus as long as the world situ-
ation remains what it is. Her base there bears a
relationship to her whole position in the Middle
East which is much akin to the old conception
of a "fleet in being."
Instead of planning to get out, Britain is now
constructing a naval base to add to her military
The British are offering the Cypriots a modi-
cum of home rule. instead of the union with
Greece which they demand.
The suggestion of even a modicum of home
rule is disturbing to Turkey, lest it produce dis-
crimination against the 100,000 Cypriots of
Turkish extraction who represent nearly a fifth
of the island's population. As for the possibility
of ultimate union with Greece, Turkey has
threatened to fight before she will set it happen.
R1ESUMPTION of negotiations with Makarios,
expected in London soon, can therefore have
only a very limited objective,
The British will try to get him to accept the
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
No Genuine Mid-East Settlements?
By WALTER LIPPMANN
M R. DULLES, having returned
to Washington from Bermuda,
was at pains to dispel any notion
that there exists a British-Ameri-
can agreement on the line we shall
take in the Middle East.
As a matter of fact nobody had
any reason to suppose that there
had been such an agreement.
But the very fact that the Presi-
dent and the Prime Minister chose
to m-2t at all in such a conspicu-
ous way was bound to cause specu-
lation, and in Egyptat least to
arouse the suspicion that the two
great powers, separated since last
November, were now going to act
If, as we know from Mr. Dulles,
there were no firm agreements,
were there real disagreements?
There were not, so it would seem,
though there are- undoubtedly
wide differences of opinion as to
what Nasser intends to do and how
he should be dealt with.
should manage the Middle Eastern
business. It was in that role that
Mr. Dulles spoke with such person-
al authority at his press conference
* * *
AS THE PRESIDENT and Mr.
Dulles appeared to see it, the
American role in the Middle East
is to be its protector against the
Soviet Union from the outside,
and within the region itself to be
the impartial mediate and the
friend of everybody.
In practice, they have little or
no hope of reaching genuine set-
tlements within the area, be it
about the canal, about the future
of Jordan, or about the Egyptian-
Our real policy in the Middle
East is to speak boldly and loudly
about what is unlikely to happen
-namely an overt Soviet mil'tary
aggression-and on the real is-
sues to zig and to zag, and some-
how to muddle through without
any more shooting.
up serious military forces in the
Sinai Peninsula which could threa-
ten Israel, and that the raiding
from the Gaza Strip will not be
organized on a big scale.
And there would seem to be a
fair chance that neither Nasser nor
King Saud will in fact interfere
with the passage through the Gulf
This is, conceivably, how a new
crisis may be stalled off-by sav-
ing Nasser's face and by adding
to his prestige without provoking
Israel enough for her to use force.
IT CAN BE argued that this is
the best that can be made of a bad
job. It can be said that the revo-
lutionary movement among the
Afro-Asian peoples which Nasser
leads cannot be stopped by force or
bought off by economic conces-
sions; it can be said that the local
conflict in Palestine is insoluble
in this generation.
But it can be argued also that
the best way to deal with the situ-
ation is not to muddle through,