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March 30, 1957 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1957-03-30

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FWHrII AMIENDMENT
REFUSALS
See Page 2

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Latest Deadline in the State

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CLOUDY, SHOWERS

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VOL. LXVII, No. 131

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 30, 1957

FQITR PAGES

FOUR PAGsY

-Daily-Leonard Cyr
NEW EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE-SGC officers elected yesterday take over their new positions. They
are (from left): Maynard Goldman, treasurer; Joe Collins, president; Janet Neary, executive vice-
president; and Ronald Shorr, administrative vice-president. Collins and Miss Neary were elected by
acclamation.

Collins Elected SGC Head,
Summarizes Group's Goals
By VERNON NAHRGANG-1
It was only a matter of procedure yesterday as Joe Collins, '58,
was re-elected president of Student Government Council by acclama-
tion.
Following the same procedure, Janet Neary, '58, was re-elected
executive vice-president by acclamation.
Ronald Shorr, '58, defeated Scott Chrysler, '59, for administrative
vice-president, the new office created Wednesday. The vote (by secret
ballot) was 9 to 8.
Goldman New Treasurer
Maynard Goldman, '59, won the treasurer's office over fellow can-
didate Chrysler. The vote (also by secret ballot) was 10 to 7. In a
"state-of-the-union" talk follow-

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World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press

-Salisbury
Hits British
Action, Quits,
LONDON (R') - Lord Salisbury#
resigned today as government
leader in the House of Lords in
protest against Britain's decision
y to free exiled Archbishop Makar-
ios of Cyprus.
Salisburyr, 63 years old, also re-
signed as political controller of
Britain's atomic energy.
He has held the post of lord
president of the council - govern-
ment leader in the House of ┬░Lords
-since 1951 under the Conserva-
tive administrations of Sir Win-
ston Churchill, Sir Anthony Eden
and Prime Minister Harold Mac-
millan.
Salisbury told Macmillan in a
letter he has been "disturbed" by
the decision to free Mak~arios, who
was exiled to the Seychelles Is-
lands a year ago.
He said the action will result in
a "sword of Damocles hanging
over our heads."
Salisbury, a former foreign sec-
retary and member of one of Bri-
tain's greatest aristocratic fami-
lies, has long been considered one
of the most influential behind-
the-scenes politicians in the ruling.
Conservative party.
An announcement from prime
Minister Macmillan's office said
Queen Elizabeth II had accepted
Lord Salisbury's resignation as
lord president of the council.
aChina Travel
H Ban Protested
By Newsmen
WASHINGTON WI) -- Newsmen
protested to Congress yesterday
that the State Department ban on
travel to Red China contradicts
the First Amendment guarantee of
a free press.
They got agreement in that
from Senator Joseph O'Mahoney
&TY-Wyo) who was presiding over
the opening session of the Senate
Constitutional Rights subcommit-
tee's hearing on State Department
passport policies.
Complaint also was made to the
group by William Worthy, an
American newsman who defied the
ban and went to Communist Chi-
na, that the State Department re-
portedly attempted to halt use of
his broadcasts and is holding up
renewal of his passport.
Among itnesses who registered
S protests were spokesmen for the
American Society of Newspaper
Editors, the American Civil Liber-
ties Union and the American
(' Newspaper Guild.

ing elections, Collins told- the
Council it should formulate a phil-
osophy or policy in the area of in-
creased enrollment and University
growth.
Collins suggested this philoso-
phy should be: "When a school
reaches 20,000, it is no different
than at 40,000, if the physical fa-
cilities (faculty, counseling, calen-
dar, housing) increase too."
Expansion Philosophy
He asked for a committee of
Council members to "look into
areas of increased enrollment" and
to help SGC set up a philosophy.
Looking at other areas of Coun-
cil concern, Collins noted Resi-
dence Halls have been "taken too
much for granted" and said SGC
should have a member in Board
of Governors meetings.
The president cited a need for
work on the University Regula-
tions handbook. "This is really the
constitution of SGC," he said.
"Something," he promised, will
be done in the area of the Inter-
national Center. He asked that the
elections committee be placed on
the standing committee level along
with SGC's present four commit-
tees.
Collins, 21 years old, is from
Clark Lake and is a social studies
major, He is a member of Sphinx,
junior men's honorary.
Three Offices
In his two years as an elected
member of SGC, he has served as,
t r e a s u r e r, vice-president and
president. He was first elected
president on Feb. 13, when former
President Bill Adams, Grad., re-
signed.
Miss Neary, a 20-year-old politi-
cal science concentrate, comes
from Kansas City, Mo., and is a
member of Pi Beta Phi sorority
and a new member of Mortarboard,
senior women's honorary.
In her third year as an elected
member of student government,
Miss Neary has served one term as
SGC vice-president in addition to
holding the office since February.
Vice-President Shorr
Shorr, 20 years old, has his home
in Highland Park, Ill., ,and is ma-
joring in political science. He is a
member of Zeta Beta Tau and al-,
so has a long record of participa-
tion in student government.
Goldman is 19 years old and
comes from Newton, Mass. A resi-
dent of West Quad, he was first.
elected to SGC last November.
Newly elected officers will serve
half-year terms expiring with
SGC elections next November.
Ike Proposes
Amendment
WASHINGTON uP' .-President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
proposed a constitutional amend-
ment authorizing the Cabinet to
decide when the vice president
should take over the duties of a
disabled president.

Suez Open . . .
PORT SAID, Egypt - The first
convoy since November sailed into
the Suez Canal yesterday and was
stalled by a heavy sandstorm.
The convoy that lined up at
Suez at the southern entrance was
a small one compared with those
before the British-French attack.
There were four Italian, two
Russian, one Greek, one East Ger-
man, and one Romanian ship. The
biggest was 7,064 tons.
To Study Space .
BALTIMORE-About 50 of the
nation's top space scientists agreed
yesterday to combine their talents
on a project to explore space at
unprecedented altitudes with a re-
coverable research vehicle.
The proposal was explained in
detail yesterday to distinguished
leaders in the fields of cosmic ray
and nuclear emulsion research and
rocket specialists.
** *
Amnesty Offered . .
TEHRAN, Iran-The Shah's im-
perial government yesterday of-
fered to let the bandit kidnapers
of Mrs. Anita Carroll go unpun-
ished if they will return her un-
harmed. This was coupled with a
United States Emb: sy offer of
ransom inany amount of money
for her safe return.
* * *
Couple Asks Aid . .
CHICAGO - An immigrant
couple seeking to return to Russia
has asked the Soviet Embassy's
help to regain custody of three
sons placed under court supervi-
sion.
Edward J. Nerad, chief Cook
County Chicago probation officer
told newsmen yesterday the child-
ren were made wards of the Fam-
ily Court when the parents suf-
fered mental breakdowns in 1953.
Jet Explodes .
TULSA, Okla.-A B52 jet super-
fortress exploded in flight and
crashed about 15 miles north of
here yesterday killing at least two
crewmen.
The B52 is the Air Force's big-
gest bomber' and is powered by
eight jet engines. It costs eight
million dollars and normally car-
ries a crew of six.

Reds AlterI
Economic
Structure
Decentralization Calls
For Regional Controls
MOSCOW ()-Nikita Khrush-
chev announced yesterday a drast-
ic decentralization of the Soviet
economy to boost efficiency
The Communist Party secretary
said all industrial ministries and
ministries in charge of construc-
tion work will be abolished.
In their place, regional econom-
ic councils will be set up to run
the nation's industrial areas as an
integrated economic unit.
Council- Shakeup
The sweeping new Soviet master
plan will mean a shakeup of the
Council of Ministers, the Soviet
Cabinet.
The powerful Cent al Commit-
tee of the Communist party or-
eered the Soviet economy decen-
tralized last month
Khrushchev's repor the first
detailed plan based or the order
will oe presented to the next ses-
sion of the Supreme Soviet-Par-
liament - scheduled within the
first half of 1957.
Tass Reports
Tass, the official news agency,
released a summary of the report.
In the report Khurshchev reiter-
ated the priority of ,heavy- indus-
try in Soviet economic planning
and scotched any thought of in-
creasing emhasis on consumer
goods.
"If we yield to the false con-
ception of'emphasizing priority de-
velopments of consumer industries
we will not be able to cover our
requirements except for a short
time and to the detriment of our
future economic development," he
said.
Leaders Criticized
Soviet leaders have been criti-
cizing waste and i n e f f i c i e n c y,
blaming it largely on an overlap-
ping system of industrial direc-
tion.
Ministries in Moscow operate
branches of the economy in re-
mote parts of the Soviet Union.
A ministry must plan require-
ments down to the number of
nails, for instance, a factory
might need.
Under Khrushchev's plan, tens
of thousands of ministry officials
from the Moscow area will move to
centers of production.
Dorr Outlines
Of f-mCampus
Growth Plan
Harold M. Dorr, University dean
of state-wide education, yesterday
outlined a five-point policy for
expansion beyond the campus be-
fore 300 educators attending a
Junior College Conference here.
This policy requires local de-
mand, assurance of the Univer-
sity's contribution to higher edu-
cation. indication that a substan-'
tial educational program can be'
established, assurance of financial
assistance either from private
sources or from specific legislative
appropriation and co-operation
with local institutions.
Dean Dorr emphasized, however,
the University's desire to come in-
to the community as an "equal;
partner" with "no desire to dictate'
educational policies, programs of
study or instructional methods."

Union Removes Beck
'Fro Position; Hoffa

Clais

le S

Innocent

Bribe Trial
To Be Held
Ont May 27
WASHINGTON (P) - James R.
Hoffa, his usual bouncy manner
gone, stood before a federal judge
yesterday and pleaded "not guilty,
your honor" to charges of bribery
and conspiracy.
His attorney, Edward Bennett
Williams, promptly served notice
he intends to raise "some very
complex legal questions" in de-
fense of the Midwest boss of the
Teamsters Union.
No Hints
Williams gave no hint as to
Hoffa's defense to an indictment
accusing him of conspiring and
bribing to get secrets of the Sen-
ate's rackets probers.
Hoffa's codefendant, Hyman I.
Fischbach, Miami attorney, also
entered a plea of innocent before
United States District Judge Rich-
mond B. Keech.
The judge set their trial for May
27, but there were indications it
might be delayed. The judge said
the date was contingent on prelim-
inary motions being disposed of by
that time.#
Williams' Commitments 1
Williams said he already has
commitments for May 27, and sug-
gested the first week of June.
Keech told him he'd have to see1
the court's assignment commis-
sioner about that.
Judge Keech allowed Hoffa to
remain at liberty under the same
$25,000 bond,he posted after his
arrest. Fischbach had to post a
new $10,000 bond, Keech telling4
his lawyer, Daniel B. Maher, "We
better have a local bond."
Hoffa and Fischbach, who in thet
past served as counsel to congres-
sional investigating committees,
are accused of bribing John Cye'
Cheasty to get a job with the Sen-
ate committee investigating al-
leged wrongdoing in unions, so
that he could feed them its secrets.
Senate Studiest
Pontiac Local
WASHINGTON {A) -The affairs
of a Michigan Teamsters Union 7
which has protested against what
it calls "domination" by Unioni
bigshot James R. Hoffa are being
explored by Senate rackets investi-
gators.
The counsel to the Rackets In-t
vestigating Committee, Robert F.
Kennedy, said yesterday staff in-
vestigators are looking into the1
setup of Teamsters Union Local
614 in Pontiac.3

-Daily-Leonard Cyr
FOREIGN AID-Prof. A. J. Meyer of Harvard University yesterday
told a University audience that the United States has no alterna-
tive but to continue and increase foreign aid in the Middle East.
Harvard Professor Urges
Increased Middle East Aid
By DAVID TARR
A continuing and increasing foreign aid program for the Middle
East was urged yesterday by an expert in the economy of that area.
Drawing a bleak-but not hopeless-picture of Middle Eastern
economy, Prof. A. J. Meyer of Harvard University said the United
States has "no alternative but to recognize they are making a gambler's
throw with aid to the area and continued financial assistance."
A "Good Place To Start"
He said the Eisenhower Doctrine's $200 million is a "good place to
start, with the sum increasing in the next decade as the countries
find ways to absorb the funds.",,

Speaking under the auspices of
the Near Eastern Studies depart-
ment, he outlined many economic
problems facing all Mid-Eastern
states, including: rapid economic
change in the area, low average
per capita income, land and in-
dustrial reform difficulties, inade-
quate average population with
over-crowded areas and lack of'
many natural resources.
Prof. Meyer, who has served in
United Nations development pro-
grams for over seven years, said
the United States must "leave no
stone unturned" in seeking meth-
ods of exerting pressure to main-
tain peace and push development
in the Middle East.
Club Over Israel
"We already hold a club over
Israel with our threat of economic
sanctions," he remarked, "and now
must develop one for the Arabs."
He suggested this might come
from a new oil pipeline system
across Turkey and a development
of "supertanker" ships to carry
oil and other products around
Africa at the same cost of using
the Suez Canal.
He predicted the latter develop-
ment is about four years away.

Sallade Asks
For Higrhway
Investigation
State Representative George W.
Sallade (R-Ann Arbor) yesterday
urged Governor G. Mennen Wil-
liams to investigate a $110,000
highway land deal made by State
Democratic Chairman Neil Staeb-
ler, also of Ann Arbor.
Sallade spoke in response to
Gov. Williams' recent order for a
probe into a Highway Department
transaction in the Grand Rapids
area.
Sallade claims Staebler pur-
chased 122 acres of subdivided
land near Ann Arbor in Feb. 1956,
valued at $240,000.
The legislator declared Staebler
sold 24 acres two months later to
the State Highway Department
for $110,000 as right-of-way for a
new US-12.
Staebler answered that Highway
Department records show when
the deals were officially com-
pleted, but that contract dates for
his purchase were made in July
and August, 1955, and that the
State bought the land in June,
1956.
Sallade replied that the time
element of purchase and sale was
of little importance, but that the
major issue involved the Gover-
nor's directing fire on transac-
tions which have not yet been
completed at the same time his
supporters are benefiting from
expenditure of highway funds.
He called it a case of "the pot
calling the kettle black," but did
not suggest any wrong doing in
Staebler's transaction.
However, he added, "It is inter-
esting to note that the Democratic
chieftain got back almost one-half
of the value of the land while giv-
ing up only one-fifth of the acre-
age to the state."
Sallade referred to the investi-
gation of a $90,000 negotiation for
right-of-way in Grand Rapids as
a Democratic "spectacle of un-
founded charges of mishandling
and mismanagement by the high-
way department."

AFL-CIO
Plans Probe
Of Finances
Teamster Leader
Censured for Using
Fifth Amendment
WASHINGTON ()-Teamsters
boss Dave Beck, a Fifth Amend-
ment witness before Senate rack-
ets probers, was suspended from
his high AFL-CIO posts yesterday
pending the outcome of charges
to be filed by his fellow labor
leaders.
The AFL-CIO Executive Coun-
cil unanimously suspended the
c h u b b y, 62-year-old self-pro-.
claimed financial tycoon as an
AFL-CIO vice president and an
Executive Council member.
Investigation Ordered
The council, top command of
the 15-million-member federation,
also ordered a broad investigation
of alleged corruption in the Team-
sters Union organization, a probe
that could spur the ouster of Beck
from the teamsters presidency.
In Seattle, Beck told a reporter
he has "nothing to say" regard-
ing the action.
Beck invoked the Fifth Amend-
ment in refusing to tell senators
in hearings Tuesday and Wednes-
day about his admitted use of
$300,000 to $400,000 of teamster's
funds.
Refuses Oath
He has claimed to reporters he
has repaid the money, but refused
to say so under oath.
Beck, staying at his home in
Seattle, complained that he'd re-
ceived only two days' notice of
yesterday's Council meeting.
George Meany, AFL-CIO presi-
dent, said the Council has sum-
moned Beck to a hearing here May
20 to answer "for his actions in
bringing the labor movement into
disrepute and his failing to ex-
plain many charges against him
with regard to misuse of union
funds."
Beck's suspension from his
AFL-CIO offices is effective pend-
ing outcome of the May 20 hear-
ings.
Judicial Atmosphere
Incidentally, If Beck shows up
at that hearing, he likely will have
a judicial atmosphere - including
right of cross-examination and
presentation of charges - which
he said was absent at his Senate
committee appearances.
Such has been the precedent for
similar ouster proceedings against
labor leaders, although none as
high as Beck has ever before been
so accused. Unlike court sessions,
however, witnesses are not placed
under oath.
Circuit Court
Orders Lift
Of Novel Ban
DETROIT to) - Circuit Judge
Carl M. Weideman yesterday or-
dered Police Commissioner Ed-
ward Piggins to lift his ban on
sale of John O'Hara's novel "Ten
North Frederick."
Weideman said the ban violated
the United States Constitution.
The judge enjoined police from
"directly or indirectly" ordering a
person to stop selling the book or
threatening to arrest distributors,
Judge Weideman said Piggins
and Inspector Melville Bullach,
chief police censor, "circumvented
the judicial process" by ordering
the book banned from shelves of

Detroit retailers on grounds that
passages are obscene.
Such a ban, the judge ruled, is
beyond the scope of their lawful
authority." He added nolice no-

'NATION' STUDIES CHAR ACTER:
College Students Described As 'Careful Young Men'.
(EDITOR'a NOTE: This is an in- political activity. How does the rather several, some of which- in classes, according to Prof. Peek.
terpretive article on the naturesand number. type and membership of McCarthyism in particular-have "I feel it whenever I make a liber-
posiblecasesofoligtaldisnts t political clubs today compare with been hinted at or broadly stated in al remark. I think it's made us
the result of conversations with me that of a few years back? the past few years. more careful and less alert intel-
bers of campus political groups and Today there are three formally Prof. Daniel Katz of the social j lectually. A certain amount of con-
professors who have special interest recognized political organizations psychology department. for in- straint is dangerous, but I think
in the area.) holding activities on campus, stance, thinks that during the de- we feel the constraint."
ByTA YN (Young Republicans, Young Dem- pression and the war years, stu- Author in residence Malcolm
ByTN ocrats and the Political Isues dents were personally involved in Cowley thinks the international
"The 'Careful' Young Men" is Club) and one that was -tive current problems and therefore situation partially contributes to
what "The Nation" recently called last fall but is now defunct (Stu- had more political consciousness. fear. Although students don't dis-
the current crowd of students at- dents for Stevenson). A feY, years Going along with this idea, Prof. cuss world tensions very .much,
tending American colleges and ago, the YR's and YD's were sup- George Peek of the political sci- threats of Russia, the Middle East,
plemented by such groups as the theGeorggenthempoliticale
universities. Labor Youth League and Students ence department cites high pro- the hydrogen bomb and guided
Like terminology has often been for Democratic Action. So while duction and employment as one of missiles are always in the back
applied to the great bulk of the the number remains approximately cas of their minds.
the same, the type has changed can people have confidence in their In such a situation, the quest
younger portion of the American and the left-wing and extremely President's ability to cope with for security seems all-important.
population. iberal groups no longer flourish world tensions and, because of And security can best be ob-
More than a hundred years agoI here widespread prosperity, are -ompla- tained by refusing to take part in
Alexis de Tocqueville noted the Membership Unchanged cent. activities that might later hinder
SAmerican tendency to ionformity. ,n The biggest single influence in promotions. or even iob-getting it-

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