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March 24, 1957 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1957-03-24

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1

EL74r tdsgatt Datey
Sixty-Seventh Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

'I did it with my little magnet!"

"When Opinions Are Free
Trutb Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SUNDAY, MARCH 24, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: VERNON NAHRGANG

'BORIS GODUNOY'
Russian Spectacular
Excellent OeaFl
MOUSSORGSKY'S "Boris Godunov," currently showing at the Dex-
ter Theater in Detroit, is a creditable addition to the growing
list of filmed operatic productions. The 1954 Mosfilm release has all the
color and excitement of a Hollywood spectacular and yet the thrill
and enjoyment of grand opera.
Set in 16th century Moscow, "Boris Godunov" is the story of a
tsar with a guilty conscience. The film opens after the death of the
old tsar, when the Muscovites are driven by royal guardsmen to gather
before a temple and plead with Boris to accept the throne.
THE FIRST SCENES, with all the passion and expression of a high
mass, express the misery of a tortured, tormented people in times of
misery soon to grow worse with added famine and war. Russian film-

Proposals on Tuition:
A Gamble Worth Taking

BEFORE THE SHOCK of a prospective 15
per cent tuition increase has worn off, it
might be well to point out that such a figure
probably represents only an absolute minimum
-but in no way a maximum--increase for next
fall.
The offer of fee increases made by Presi-
dent Hatcher looked more like an opening
bargaining offer than a final, last-ditch
stand against the Legislature's demands
for higher fees and lower appropriations. If
the Legislature is not satisfied, and it cuts the
budget much further, the final tuition increase
may be even higher.
An increase of nearly 15 per cent was
inevitable. The University's budget request for
the coming year called for an expenditure in-
crease of $7,200,000, or almost 21 per cent over
last Year's figures. At the same time, the origi-
nal budget showed only nine per cent increase
in fees, the increase to be met entirely by the
number of additional students expected at the
University next year, with no rise in tuition
fees.
The new budget request asks $1,100;000 less
from the Legislature with fee revenues going
up 23 per cent over. this year, only slightly more
than the 21 per cent total budget increase.
ONE CAN QUESTION the wisdom of putting
so many cards on the table so early in this
poker game with the Legislature; it makes the
University now appear to be much more con-
ciliatory and sympathetic with the State's fi-
nancial problems.
The danger is that with some tuition in-
creases assured, the Legislature will feel free
to cut Governor William's recommended Uni-
versity budget by $1,100,000. Williams had al-

ready cut the University's request by $2,500,000,
and to sustain such a cut would greatly endan-
ger the quality of University education.
The other major portion of the President's
proposal was that the legislature agree on a
standard tuition-appropriations ratio of 20:80,
approximately the ratio now in effect.
It is unlikely that the Legislature would ac-
cept a commitment of this sort, but its accept-
ance would be a victory for the University and
other state-supported schools. It would insure
that this year's experience would not be re-
peated in the future, that every pinch in the
state's financial condition would not lead to
a cry for tuition raises unrelated to the cost
of education.
THE STABILIZATION of the 20:80 ratio
would not be an unmixed blessing. Twenty
per cent of costs can be, along with all other
expenses of college, a heavy burden for many
families and an even heavier one if all educa-
tional costs continue to rise at present rates.
But the University is faced with a situation
in which there is no chance of tuition's going
below 20 per cent of costs, and there are many
pressures for it to go above. And for a long
time to come, such a ratio would represent a
valuable bulwark against growing sentiment
for lower University appropriations.
President Hatcher's offer was a gamble. It
may cost the University and the students more
money by the time the budget is approved.
But it may also-by showing signs of concilia-
tion and by offering a standard formula for
fees and appropriations-prove of both short-
run and long-run benefit to the University.
-PETER ECKSTEIN

REPUBLIC ONE YEAR OLD:
Pakistan Receives U.S.Support

The Big Five' and the UN

W E ROBBIE BURNS' musings on the plans
of mice and men swiftly lose their hum-
orous warmth when applied to recent trends
in the conduct of international relations as re-
flected in the United Nations and the Western
"Big Three" alliance.
President Eisenhower's now-concluding Ber-
muda talks with Great Britain's Prime Minister
MacMillan are but another of several indica-
tions of the demise of the "Big Five" power
concept given legal application in the UN Se-
curity Council.
A decade ago at the San Francisco Confer-
ence, providing China, France, Great Britain,
the United States and the Soviet Union with
permanent seats and a veto on the Security
Council was considered as facing the cold facts
of world politics. Experience of the defunct
League of Nations had made explicit the nec-
essity of including all the Great Power nations
in any international organization of universal
scope. And as Senator Tom Connally so aptly
put it at San Francisco, without an American
veto, a United Nations would not exist.
N OW, HOWEVER, the veto power has be-
come a serious obstacle to effective action
in the Security Council (Russia has cast 87
vetos), and the "Big Five" position is more
myth than reality.
China proved its inadequacy as a great power
early when the Chinese Communists drove
Chiang Kai-Chek and his government from the
Mainland. Yet Chiang's regime still represents
China on the Security Council and wields a
veto prohibitive of any attempt to unseat it
in favor of the de facto government of China.
Although she still attempts to act the part
of a Great Power, France too has fallen to the
status of a third rate power. Her long war in
Indochina and recent uprisings in North Af-
ica have seriously drained the national econ-
omy-and an economically shaky "Great
Power" is no power at all,

NOW GREAT BRITAIN has also come to
realize the impossibility of maintaining its
status among the Great Powers of the world.
Although this nation has never completely re-
gained its prewar status, its recent invasion of
Egypt has bled its economy as well as that of
France. Great Britain has been forced to request
permission from NATO to withdraw two of
its divisions from West Germany because it
is no longer able to support them.
In the Bermuda talks further evidence of
this nation's growing weakness is its request
that the United States join the military side
of the Baghdad Pact and an interesting sug-
gestion that the UN General Assembly's "Unit-
ing-for-Peace Resolution" be scrapped. (This
resolution enables the General Assembly to
avoid the veto in the Security Council.)
Highly unlikely that the United States or a
majority of UN members would allow this, the
proposal seems to be an attempt by Great Brit-
ain to give its role as a veto-wielding Big Power
more weight.
ITH THE EXCEPTION of Nationalist
China's stand against admission of Red
China, this loss of status on the part of three
of the five original Big Powers is no great
danger to the successful functioning of the
UN.
It does, however, raise what might become
serious questions regarding future rise of world
powers other than the Big Five. Some propose,
for instance, that India be given a permanent
seat on the Security Council. And the veto
power, now in disrepute, will eventually need
to be reapportioned or even better, be abolished
entirely, or be limited to cases of UN military
action.
History leads mankind into ever-changing
situations, and no one knew this better than
Bobbie Burns.
-MARY ANN THOMAS
Features Editor

(Editor's Note: The following is the
second of two articles written by a
Pakistani exchange student in the
University's journalism department.)
By MOHAMMED AZHAR
ALI KHAN
YESTERDAY, Pakistan cele-
brated its first anniversary as a
full fledged republic. After two
hundred years of British rule,
Pakistan became an independent
nation on August 14, 1947, a re-
sult of partition of British India.
Faced with seemingly insur-
mountable problems of organizing
a governmental machinery, sup-
porting refugees from India and
Kashmir, and making a constitu-
tion, the people of Pakistan per-
severed and firmly established
their country on the map to stay
one year ago.
Among the first things the new
country did was to launch a cru-
sade against hunger, want, and
disease - a crusade in which it
received wonderful support from
its ally, the United States.
From 1947 to 1955 Pakistan
spent $3,500 million from its own
resources on defense and indus-
trial and agricultural change.
Fields have now sprung up
where caravans used to hurry lest
they should die of thirst. A Village
Agricultural and Industrial Devel-
opment Plan has been operating
during the past four years under
which education, better health,
improvement in agriculture, and
new industries are reaching into
the innermost corners of Pakistan.
Delegates from Asia and Africa
frequently visit Pakistan to see at
first hand the work being done.
With the year 1950 as base at
100, the index of large-scale in-
dustrial production rose to 421 in
1956. Industrial production last
year alone rose by 15% power re-
sources by 18%. Manufactured

goods now account for 11% of the
national export earnings as
against three per cent last year.
This remarkable progress
prompted New York Herald Tri-
bune Military and Aviation Editor
Ansel E. Talbert to say on March
10, 1957: "Few nations in the
world are showing more grati-
tude today for American military
and economic aid than Pakistan-
or making better use of it."
Thomas Dewey .had the same
feelings when, in a televised ad-
dress from the United States Pa-
vilion at the Third Pakistan Inter-
national Industries Fair, Karachi,
in 1955, he said: "I have been to
a great many countries. Nowhere
have I seen a people so selflessly
devoted to building their coun-
try as in Pakistan."
* * *
WITH SIX countries on her
borders, three of which, India,
China, and Russia, together con-
stitute a half of the world's popu-
lation, Pakistanis must be eter-
nally vigilant if they are to main-
tain liberty. Within 16 days of its
independence, it became a mem-
ber of the United Nations and has
been active ever since.
It is a member of the British
Commonwealth; is the largest
Muslim country, feels strongly
drawn toward them, and cham-
pions their cause unflinchingly.
It is extremely friendly to the
United States and is a member of
the Baghdad Pact and SEATO. It
is often described as "America's
strongest ally in Asia" and "a
bridge between the Muslim and
the Western worlds."
Pakistan recognizes Red China,
maintains diplomatic relations
with it and other Communist
countries. In this seeming contra-
diction lies the strength of its for-
eign policy. Afro-Asian neutrals
note that one can become a friend

of the U.S. without having to be-
come a camp follower.
When the shine of Ne(hr)utral-
ism wears off a little - a process
that has already started - Pakis-
tan's foreign policy would un-
doubtedly attract many Asians
wary of communism.
Pakistan's main problems in her
foreign relations arise out of her
disputes with India - Kashmir,
Junagadh, Manavadar, Water
Disputes, and so on. As regards
Kashmir, there is no UN resolu-
tion on Kashmir which Pakistah
ever rejected, or India ever ac-
cepted.
. * *
PAKISTAN in 1950 offered to In-
dia a No War Proposal. It sug-
gested that India and Pakistan
enter into immediate negotiations
for two months. If that failed,
they should invite a third party's
mediation. If that failed too, they
should submit their entire dis-
putes to a third party for arbi-
tration and the decision of the
impartial third party should be
binding on both sides.
Pakistan suggested that India
and Pakistan solve all their pres-
ent and future disputes on the
above basis and sign a No War
Agreement. Pakistan has repeated
the offer again and again. India
has every time turned it down.
Pakistan desires friendly rela-
tions with India but has made
clear it will not yield to pressure
or back down from its just de-
mands as regards Kashmir and
other issues.
It is the iron determination of
the Pakistanis and the.; strength
that they have built a a stagger-
ing cost - they now have one of
the finest armies and air forces in
Asia - which enable Pakistan to
stand out as a Free World bastion
in a sea of surging communism
and Ne (hr) utralism.

ing techniques and the absence of
adequate expression to the hap-
penings while the music at all
times remains dominant.
Boris (played by A. Pirogov) is
acted and sung capably, presenting
the ruler who leaves the monastery
to serve his people as a guilty king
incapable of ruling well.
After Boris becomes tsar,. the
monkeGrigory learns from an elder
monk of Boris' part in the murder
of Dmitri-son of the old tsar and
successor to the throne had he
lived. Grigory's resemblance in age
and appearance to the murdered
child leads him to fight, as Dmitri,
for the throne Boris holds.
* * a
THE IMPOSTOR is successful
but the people realize they can
accept him no more than they
could Boris. When the tormented
Boris dies, in a scene of slight
superficiality that ends under a
shocking funeral shroud, Dmitri
is victorious but doomed to short
rule.
Dmitri (sung by G. Nellep) is a
cold, cruel, plotting, but human
character. His role adds terror and
great feeling to the fim, as do
many of the smaller parts.
The entire production is quite
successful both as opera and as
motion picture-fare. It illustrates
that the two media can be brought
together in very palatable form
without distorting either the music
or the story.
* * *
"BORIS GODUNOV" is excel-
lent as a look into Russian history
-its scenic qualities are interest-
ing and authoritative. As opera,
it shows that more valuable mus-
ical works can be combined with
the most advanced filming tech-
niques-foreign or Hollywood-
and result in compositions of value
far surpassing such nonsense as
"Bhowani Junction" and "The
Ten Commandments."
-Vernon Nahrgang
LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
(Letters to the editor must be in
good taste and should not exceed 300
words in length. The Daily reserves
the right to delete material for space
considerations.)
e.e. to e.g. .
To the Editor:
HAVING READ your front page
spread in the Daily this morn-
ing, (March 20) a group of us
marched over to Rackham at 4:00
this afternoon to hear e.e. cum-
mings, guest lecturer, only to find
that there were twice as many
outside as in, and a raving mob
pounding on the closed doors was
sent to Hill Auditorium in the
earnest hope of hearing e.e.
Since we do not patronize this
sort of thing more than once a
year or so, we want to know what
is going on?
We have returned to Edgar
Guest!

I

General Notices
The Alice Crocker Lloyd Fellowship
with a stipend of $750 is being offered
by the Alumnae Council of the Alumni
Association for 1957-58. It is open 'to
women graduates of an accredited col-
lege or university. It may be used by
a Universtiy of Michigan graduate at
any college or university, but a gradu-
ate of any other university will be re-
quired to use the award on the Michi-
gan campus. Personality, achievement,
and leadership will be considered in
granting the award.
Application may be made through
the Alumnae Council Office, Michigan
League, and must be filed by April 1.
Award will be announced by the end
of the current semester.
The Laurel Harper Seeley Scholar-
ship is announced by the Alumnae
Council of the Alumni Association for
1957-58. The award is usually $200.00
and is open to both graduate and un-
dergraduate women. The award is made
on the basis of scholarship, contribu-
tion to University life and financl
need.
Application may be made through
the Alumnae Council Office in the
Michigan League, and must be filed
before April 1. Award will be an-
nounced by, the end of the current
semester.
The Mary L. Hinsdale Scholarship,
amounting to approximately $125.00
(interest on the endowment fund) is
available to undergraduate women who
are wholly or partially self-supporting
and who do not live in University resi-
dence halls or sorority houses. Girl
with better than average scholarship
and need will be considered. Application
blanks, obtainable at the Alumnae
Council Office, M i c h i g a n League,
should be filed by April 1. Award will
be granted for use during 1957-58 and
will be announced by the end of the
current semester.
Lectures
Mathematical Statistics Lecture Mon.,
March 25 at 4:10 p.m. in Room 3011,
Angell Hall. Prof. E.J.C. Pitman of the
University of Tasmania will speak on
"Asymptotic Powers of Tests."
I.S.A. presents "America: From Poetry
to Jazz" (A series on Cultural Dynam-
les). Lecture No. 5 Tues., Mar. 26, "Phi-
losophy," Dr. Arnold Kaufman, Dept. of
Philosophy.
Sixth social seminar of the Michigan
Chapter of the American Society for
Public Administration Tues., March 26,
at 8:00 p.m. in the Vandenberg Room,
Michigan League. John Feikens, former
chairman of the Republican Party in
Michigan, will discuss "Administrators
and Politics."
Concerts
Student Recital: John Mohler, clr-
inetist, will perform works by Stam-
itz, Bernstein, Litaize and Bartok, at
8:30 p.m. Sun., March 24, in Aud. A,
Angell Hall, in partial fulfillment of
the requirements for the degree of Mas-
ter of Music. He studies clarinet with
william Stubbins, and his recital will
be open to the general public.
Student Recital: Beverly Wales, cel-
list, at 4:15 p.m. Sun., March 24, pre-
senting a recital in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the degree of
Bachelor of Music, with a major in
strongs. She studies cello with Oliver
Edel and violin with Emil Raab. Com-
positions by Beethoven, Saint-Saens,
Corelli, and Debussy. Open to the gen-
eral public.
All-Bach Organ Recital by Robert
Noehren, University organist, 8:30 p.m.
Mon., March 25, In Hill Auditorium,
the final program in the series of four
recitals scheduled for the second se-
mester. Prelude and Fugue in C minor,
Chorale Preludes "In Death's Strong
Grasp the Savior La," "Jesus Christ,
Our Great Redeemer," "Christ is Now
Risen Again," "The Blessed Christ is
Risen Again," eight short preludes and
fugues, Chorale preludes, "Ere Yet the
Dawn Had Filled the Skies," "Today
Triumphs God's Son," "Come 0 Crea-
tor, Spirit Blest," and "Lord Jesus
Christ, Be Present Now," Prelude and
Fugue in G major. General public ad-
mitted without charge.
Academic Notices
Seniors: College of L.S.&A., and
Schools of Business Administration, Ed-
ucation, Music, andrPublic Health. Ten-
tative lists of seniors for June gradua-

crowds-for-crowds-sake scenes give
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for Which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3555
Adminsitration Building, before 2
p.m. the day preceding publication.
Notices for Sunday Daily due at 2:00
p.m. Friday.
SUNDAY, MARCH 24
VOL. LXVII, NO. 124

-C. Dudlbey,
-B. Loughlin,
-M. Jones,
-&.Arnold.

'60
'58
'58
'57

I

On the City Mayoralty Campaign

TALKING ON TELEVISION:
NBC, CBS Talki ng About Where's Charley?'

THROUGHOUT THE CURRENT City May-
orality campaign both candidates have
shown a lack of foresight in one extremely
important issue, interesting the citizens in a
better Ann Arbor through municipal improve-
ments.
Throughout William E. Brown's tenure as
Mayor, there have been well-planned proposals
for City development. The Civic Center, Vete-
ran's Memorial Park and Capital Improve-
ments plans are examples of sound thinking
for an expanding city. But the voters have
Editorial Staff
RICHARD SNYDER, Editor
RICHARD HALLORAN LEE MARKS
Editorial Director City Editor
Business Staff
DAVID SILVER, Business Manager
MILTON GOLDSTEIN .,. Associate Business Manager

rejected them when they have been presented
for approval.
After the defeat of the Capital Improvements
Plan, Mayor Brown said the City would still
get along. Although it is true that the
City will get along, the real issue lies in
the need for increased city leadership to malre
sure that the City gets along better than it
has been doing.
This calls for increased cooperation between
the City administration and the citizens. The
Mayor and Council have done little to improve
leadership along this line.
Mayor Brown, apparently running on his
record, has not projected any ideas or plans into
the campaign on how this can be done.
SAMUEL J. ELDERSVELD, his democratic
opponent, seems to be interested in improv-
ing City-citizen cooperation in such matters as
zoning, but he is not giving enough attention
to the problem of future City planning and
how to make the citizens see the need for it.
The campaign thus far has consisted of a
great deal of back and forth attacks between

By LARRY EINHORN
Daily Television Writer
THIS THURSDAY night "Play-
house 90" will present Art Car-
ney in "Charley's Aunt" or
"Where's Charley?" or whatever
you want to call it.
"Playhouse 90," with all its Em-
my awards, seems to have capti-
vated the hearts of the rival net-
work (NBC), for all they're saying
at NBC these days is "Where's
Charley?"
However, NBC isn't saying that
to publicize a play that will be on
CBS next week. After they saw
the Monday night ratings last,
week they were all trying to find
out where Charley was. They knew
he wasn't on their own "Twenty-
One."
Charley, of course, is Charley
Van Doren who became NBC's
hottest star a few months ago on
"Twenty-One." When he finally

"TWENTY-ONE," incidentally,
was sold outright last week to
NBC along with all the other
properties of the Barry-Enright
(Jack Barry, emcee of "Twenty-
One" and Dan Enright, producer)
production company. Also, includ-
ed in the sale were the company's
other shows, including "Tic Tac
Dough" and "Winky Dink and
You." The deal was closed for a
figure reported to be in the mil-
lions of dollars.
So with the capital gains tax
being what it is, it looks as though
Jack Barry and Dan Enright will
make a little more money than
the $28,795 that Van Doren will
get to keep after he pays this
year's income taxes.
And I bet Jack Barry and Dan
Enright didn't even know .rho the
King of Belgium is either.
* * *
HERE'S NEWS FROM the do-

wife, although she was only on
the show for half of last year.
Miss Fabray hasn't become the
big hit she thought she would be-
come as a single after leaving the
show. So she might re-marry Cae-
sar next season.
She certainly feels close to
Caesar for she had nothing but
praise to say about him as she
accepted her Emmy. In fact, she
has always said kind words about
Caesar, even when she announced
she was quitting his show.
But then this re-uniting may
never take place. When it comes
down to brass tacks and Miss Fa-
bray is asked to re-sign on the
show she might say that her con-
ference with Sid didn't end with
the signing of a contract. In other
words she came to praise Caesar,
not to marry him.
* * *
MY SECOND EXCLEWWSIVE

the engagement on his last show
of this season and turn up a mar-
ried man on the first show of next
season,
And that's about it from the
domestic front. Artie Shaw hasn't
made his television debut yet.
Jerry Lewis will make one of
his rare television appearances
this season Wednesday night when
he will emcee the annual awards
presentation of the Academy of
Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
* * *
IT SEEMS AS THOUGH Phil
Silvers has received so many
Emmys that he doesn't even know
why he gets some of them. Last
week he was called up to accept
the award for the best half-hour
series on television.
He must have thought they had
announced the category as being
best comedian on television, for
when he made his little accept-

a

4'

.I

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